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COLLECTIONS 



RELATING TO 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE 



AND ITS BOEDEES. 



IS9UKD BY THK POWYS-LAXD CLUB FOR THK USE OF ITS MEMBERS. 




VOL. XIX. 



LONDON : 

PRINTED FOR THE CLUB BY 

WHITING & CO., 30 & 32, SARDINIA STREET, LINCOLN'S INN FIELDS. 

1886. 




740 



"A Ruddy Lion Ramping in Gold" 

The Seal of SIB EDWAKD DE CHERLETON, LORD OF Powrs, appended to a Charter dated 
6th July, 7 Henry V (1418), is adopted as the Seal of the 19ofopgslanll Club. This re- 
markable Seal is not quite perfect, the edge having been, splintered away, and the figure in 
the place of the crest having lost its head, which the engraver has supplied. It appears to 
have been a round seal, surrounded byan inscription, probably "Sigillum Edwardi de Cherle- 
ton, Domini Powisie", of which only the " g" in the word Sigillum, and " wi" in the word 
Powisie, now remain. The shield in the centre is charged with the red lion of Powys a lion 
rampant and is probably held up by another lion rampant standing on its hind legs behind 
the shield, which is clasped by his fore paws. The side supporters, or rather ornamental 
figures (for it is said that supporters, in the present heraldic sense of the word, were 
unknown at that period), are wild men sitting astride of lions couchant. Mont. Coll., 
vol. vi, p. 293. 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE COLLECTIONS. 



CONTENTS OF VOL. XIX. 

For the Original Proposal for Formation of Club, Rules, and 

Amended Rules, see vol. xvii, pp. viii to xiv. 

List of Members - vi 

Report of Nineteenth Annual Meeting and General Report, 

and Report of School of Art Committee, and an Account 

of the Distribution of the Certificates xii 

Classified List of Articles presented to the Powys-land 

Museum and Library since November 1885 - - xxiii 

Alphabetical List of Donors to the Powys-land Museum and 

Library from November 1885 to November 1886 - xxviii 
Report of Museum Committee - xxix 

List of Literary Societies with which the Powys-land Club 

exchanges Publications- xxx 

Obituary of Members of the Powys-land Club - - xxxi 



Early Montgomeryshire Wills at Hereford Registry. By 
H. L. Squires and E. Rowley-Morris 



Note on Form, Matter, and Peculiarities of Wills - 


5 


Specimen of Wills 


. 


9 


List of Wills under Parishes 


Churchstoke - 


14 


Lydham - 


29 


Chirbury 


21 


Middleton 


29 


Bishop's Castle 


23 


Worthen - 


29 


Bettws 


25 


Mainstone 


30 


Hyssington - 


26 


Montgomery 


31 


Llanfair Waterdine - 


26 


Buttington 


32 


Forden 


27 


Miscellaneous Parishes - 


33 


More - 


28 






Extracts from Early Montgomeryshire Wills commencing 1542, 




with Notes 


... 


35 



Herbertiana (continued from Vol. V, p. 190) - 81 

William, second Duke of Powis. Intercepted Jacobite Cor- 
respondence. By Miss Nellie Rowley-Morris - - 81 

Edward, First Lord Herbert of Chirbury. Four Letters from 

Loseby MSS. - - - - -89 

Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis - - - - 95 



IV 

Llanwddyn 97 

Project for draining the Llanwddyn Bog in 1760 - 97 

Scarcity of Wheat in Llanwddyn Parish in 1796. By Rev. 

Elias Owen, M.A. - - - 99 

Grant of Pardon to Gwenhoyvan Lloyd - - 102 

A History of the Parish of Llanbrynmair. By Richard Wil- 
liams, F.R.H.S. - - 103 

Chap. I. Physical Features and Description, Extent, and 

Population - 103 

Chap. II. List of Farms and Landowners - 108 

Montgomeryshire Smoky-Faced Cattle. By J. Bickerton Mor- 
gan - - 113 

Half-timbered Houses of Montgomeryshire (continued from Vol. 

XVIII, p. 168). By T. E. Pryce - - 125 

VI. Pertheiryn - - 125 

Welsh Pool. Materials for the History of the Parish and 
Borough (continued from Vol. XVII, p. 356). M. C. J. 
Genealogical - - 129 

Pugh of Llanerchydol - - - - 129 



Pryce of Cyffronydd 

Davies and Corrie of Dyserth 

Parry of Welshpool 

Harrison of Fronllwyd 

Sowen of Welshpool and Hendrehene 

Evans of Tirymynech - - - 

Jones of Gungrog ... 

Bowen of Welshpool and Tyddyn 

Powell of Ivy House, Welshpool 

Jones of Clive Place, and Howell of Rhiewport 

Turner of Welshpool and Pentreheilin 



133 
146 
148 
153 
159 
164 
179 
185 
194 
201 
203 

Gould of Golfa ... . 08 

Parry of The Dairy - - - 214 

Parry of Leighton - ... 23 

Pugh of Leighton ..... 228 

A Montgomeryshire Worthy Thomas Parry. By Francis 

Parry, F.R.G.S. . 243 

Montgomeryshire Causes Heard and Determined before the 
Court of Marches, sitting at Ludlow, in Trinity Term 

1617. By T. W. Hancock . ' - 251 

Royalist Composition Papers: Documents relating to the 

Estates of Sir Percy Herbert, Knight - 257 

Note by E. Eowley-Morris - 257 

II. Documents relating to Manor of Pipwell - - 273 

HI- Estates in Middlesex - 282 
IV. Annuity secured on Lordship 

of Kerry . 287 
V. Lady Elizabeth, Wife of Sir 

Percy Herbert - - 293 

VI. Tithes of Pipwell - - 294 
VII. Lord Powis and bis Petition, 

etc. - - - 295 



A History of the Parish of Llanbrynmair (continued from p. 1 1 2). 

By Richard Williams, F.R.H.S. - 307 

Chap. II. Ecclesiastical, Parish Church - 307 

Dylife District - 328 

St. John's - - 329 

Chap. III. Charities and Benefactions - 330 

IV. Nonconformity - - 336 

Half - timbered Houses of Montgomeryshire (continued from 

p. 128). By T. E. Pryce - - 351 

VII. Llandinam Hall - - 351 

Heraldic Jurisdiction in Wales: Correction. By Col. J. H. 

Heyward - - 355 

Instances of Longevity and Sagacity in Montgomeryshire Horses 358 
Colonel Edward Jones's Regiment - 359 

Roman Inscription at Powis Castle. By W. T. Watkin - 362 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Wood Engraving, " Pertheiryn", to be mounted between 

pp. 124 and 125 

Lithograph of Llanbrynmair Church - - to face p. 307 

Early Window and Font 308 

Plan of Church - - 309 

Old Oak Arch and Pillar - 310 

Wood Engraving, " Llandinam Hall", to be mounted between 

pp. 350 and 351 



Authors alone are responsible for facts and opinions. 



VI 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS 

OF THE 

POWYS-LAND CLUB 

September 30, 1886. 



Those marked * have contributed papers to the "Montgomeryshire Collections". 
Those marked t are Donors of Objects to the Powys-land Museum and Library. 
Those marked have exhibited articles of interest at the Annual Meeting. 

Addie, William Forrester, Esq., Powis Castle Park, Welshpool 
tAdnitt, W. H., Esq., Lystonville, Shrewsbury 

Babington, Charles C., Esq., F.S.A., 5, Brookside, Cambridge 
*tBarrett, Thomas Brettell, Esq., Welshpool 
*tBarnwell, Rev. E. L., M.A., Melksham, Wilts 

Bates, J. Cadwallader, Esq., Heddon Banks, Wylam-on-Tyne 

Beattie, Joseph, Esq., Overleigh, Wellington, Shropshire 
JBecIt, Peter Arthur, Esq., Trelydan Hall, Welshpool (Hon. Treasurer) 
t ^Bennett, Nicholas, Esq., Glanyrafon, Llanidloes 
fBlack, Adam William, Esq., 19, Atholl Crescent, Edinburgh 

Bolding, George Frederick, Esq., 204, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, 

Birmingham 
*Bridgeman, Hon. and Rev. Canon, M.A., The Hall, Wigan 

Bridgeman, Hon. and Rev. J. R. 0., M.A., Rectory, Weston-under- 
Lyziard, Shifnal 

Brisco, Waste!, Esq., Southcott, Reading 
JBuckley, Sir Edmund, Bart., Plas Pinas, Pinas Mawddwy 

*tClark, George Thomas, Esq., Dowlais House, Dowlais 
tCurling, Mrs., Brookland Hall, Welshpool 

Pavies, Edward, Esq., Llwynderw, Llandinam 

Pavies, Rev. John Evans, M.A., Llangelynin Rectory, Llwyngwril, 

Merioneth 

Pavies, John P., Esq., Llanidloes 
tJPavies, John Pryce, Esq., Bronfelin, Caersws 
Pugdale, John, Esq., Llwyn, Llanfyllin 

*fEd wards, Rev. Griffith, M.A., Rectory, Llatigadfan, Welshpool 
tEvans, Major Pavid Williams, Clifton, Nottingham, and Glascoed, 

Llansantffraid 
JEvans, Rev. Edward, M.A r , Rectory, Llanfihangel-yn-Nghwufa, 

Llanfyllin, Oswestry 



Vll 

t Evans, Edward, Esq., Bronwylfa, Wrexham 

tJEvans, Edward Bickerton, Esq., Whitbourne Hall, Worcester 

tJEvans, John, Esq., LL.D., Pres. S.A., F.R.S., Nash Mills, Hemel 

Hempsted 

tEvans, Mrs. John Hilditch, Bryn Issa, Pershore, Worcestershire 
fEvans, Joseph, Esq., Hurst House, Prescot (two copies) 
Eyre, Rev. W., St. Beuno's College, St. Asaph 

tJFardo, George, Esq., Postmaster, Wolverhampton 

Ffoulkes, Ven. Archdeacon, M.A., Rectory, Whittiugton, Salop 
(Deceased) 

Ffoulkes, Wynne-, His Honour Judge, Old Northgate House, Chester 
*tJField, Rev. Augustus, M. A., Vicarage, Lydbury North, Shropshire 
*t|Fisher, William, Esq., Maesfrou, Welshpool 

Foljambe, C. S. J., Esq., M.P., Cockglode, Ollerton, Newark 

Foulkes, John Charles Griffiths, Esq., Oswestry 

ttGillart, Richard, Esq., Llynlloed, Machynlleth 
Goulden, Joseph, Esq., 18, Lancaster Gate, London 

Harlech, The Lord, Brogyntyn, Oswestry ( Vice- President) 
t Harrison, George Devereux, Esq., Fronllwyd, Welshpool 
*tHarrison, Major Robert John, Caerhowel, Montgomery 
*Hayman, Rev. Canon Samuel, M.A., The Rectory, Douglas, Coj*k 

Hawksworth, H., Esq., M.R.C.S., Park Lane, Welshpool 

Herbert, Colonel Geo. Edward, Upper Helmsley Hall, Yorkshire, 

and Glanhafreu, Newtown, Montgomeryshire 
*|Heyward, Colonel John Heyward, Crosswood, Guilsfield 
*t|Hill, Rev. J. E., M.A., Vicarage, Welshpool 
tHilton, Edwin, Esq., Glynhirieth, Llanfair Caereinioii, and Oak 

Bank, Fallowfield, Manchester 

*JHowell, Abraham, Esq., Rhiewport, Berriew, Montgomeryshire 
*Howell, David, Esq., Craig-y-dou, Aberdovey 

Hughes, H. R., Esq., Kinmel, St. Asaph 

Humphreys, Richard, Esq., North and South Wales Bank, Newtown 
tHurst, Robert, Esq., Severn Street, Welshpool 

Inner Temple Library, London (J. Pickering, Esq., Librarian) 

Jehu, Richard, Esq., 21, Cloudesley Street, Islington, London 
Jones, Brymor, His Honour Judge, LL.B., 21, Welbeck Street, 

London, and Darran, Neath 
f Jones, Charles, Esq., Salop Road, Welshpool 
*fJones, Edward, Esq., Town Clerk, Welshpool 
fJoues, Edward Maurice, Esq., VVestwood, Welshpool 
Jones, John, Esq., Bellan House, Oswestry (Deceased) 
Jones, John Morgan Edwards, 5, Gloucester Road, Regent's Park, 
London 



Vlll 

*tJJones, Morris Charles, Esq., F.S.A., F.S.A.Scot.,Gungrog, Welsh- 
pool (Honorary Secretary] 

tJJones, Morris Paterson, Esq., 20, Abercromby Square, Liverpool 

JJones, Pryce, Esq., Dolerw, Newtown 
Jones, Richard, Esq., Maengwyn, Machynlleth 

fJones, Richard Edward, Esq., Cefn Bryntalch, Abermule, Mont. 

fJones, T. Parry, Esq., Park House, Newtown 

*tJones, T. Simpson, Esq., M.A., 6, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, 
and Gungrog, Welshpool 

Kynastou, Rev. W. C. E., M.A., Hardwicke Hall, Ellesmere 

*JLeighton, Stanley, Esq., M.P., Sweeney Hall, Oswestry 
t^Lewis, Rev. David Phillips, M.A., Rectory, Llandrinio 

Lewis, Lewis, Esq., Newtown Hall, Newtown 
tLewis, Rev. John, M.A., Vicarage, Ford, Salop 
Lewis, Samuel, Esq., Hoi born Bars, London 
Lewis, Rev. T. Wolseley, M.A., Garth Garmon, Cheltenham 
Liverpool Free Public Library (Peter Cowell, Esq., Chief Librarian) 
fLloyd, J. Y. W., Esq., M.A., Clochfaen, Llanidloes 
Lloyd, Henry, Esq., Pentreheilin, Llanymynech, R.S.O , and Dolo- 

brau, Meifod 

*fLloyd, Howel William, Esq., 19, Hogarth Road, South Kensing- 
ton, W. 

Lloyd, Richard, Esq., Mount Severn, Newtown 
Lloyd, Mrs. Richard H., Tayles Hill, Ewell, Surrey 
tLloyd, Sampson S., Esq., 2, Cornwallis Gardens, London, S.W., and 

Dolubran, Meifod 
*t+Lloyd, Rev. W. Valentine, M.A., F.R.G.S., Haselbech Rectory, 

Northampton (Honorary Secretary) 
tLovell, Mrs. Pugh-, Llanerchydol, Welshpool 

tMatthews, Rev. Prebendary, M.A., Rectory, Llandisilio, R.S.O. 
^Morgan, Charles, Esq., College House, Bromley, Kent 

Morgan, David, Esq., High Street, Welshpool 

Morgan, Edward, Esq., Machynlleth 

Morris, E. Rowley, Esq., 58, Great Titchfield Street, London 
JMytton, Captain Devereux Herbert, Garth, Welshpool 

Mytton, Miss, Severn Street, Welshpool 

Northumberland, His Grace the Duke of, Alnwick Castle, Northum- 
berland 

*fNewill, Thomas, Esq., Manor House, Pool Quay, Welshpool 
Nixon, Edward, Esq., Savile House, Methley, Leeds 

Oswestry and Welshpool Naturalist Field Club and Archaeological 
Society (Rev. 0. W. Fielden, Frankton Rectory, Oswestry, Sec.) 
fOwen, Arthur Charles Humphreys, Glacsevern, Garthmyl, Mont. 



IX 

fO wen, D. C. Lloyd, Esq., F.R.C.S., 51, Newhall Street, and Pcn- 

bryn, Rotton Park Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham 
tO wen, David Pryce, Esq., Broad Street, Welshpool 
*tOweu, Rev. Elias, M.A., Efenechtyd Rectory, Ruthin 
tO wen, Rev. R. Trevor, M.A., Vicarage, Llangedwyn 

Owen, Rev. Thomas, Ketley, Wellington, Salop 
*tOwen, T. Morgan, Esq., M. A., H.M. Inspector of Schools, Bronwylfa, 
Rhyl 

*ttPowis, The Earl of, Powis Castle, Welshpool (President) 

ttParker, Rev. F. W., M.A., Rectory, Montgomery 

tt Parker, W. T., Esq., Salop Road, Welshpool (Deceased) 

*tParry, Francis, Esq., F.R.G.S., 2, Queen's Gate Terrace, London, 

S.W. 

tParry, Sir Love Jones, Bart., F.S.A., Madryn Castle, Pwllheli 
ttPerrott, Robert Simcocks, Esq., Bronhyddon, Llansantffraid 
tPhillimore, E. G. B., Esq., Oldhouse, Hammersmith Road, Lon- 
don; W. 

Pierce, Mrs., Sherbourne House, Leamington 

Powel, Thomas, Esq., University College, Cardiff 

Powell, Evan, Esq., BroomclifFe, Llanidloes 
t^Powell, Samuel, Esq., Ivy House, Welshpool 

Powys, Bransby William, Esq., 1, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London 

(Deceased) 
tPritchard, W. E. Gilbertson, Esq., Ceniarth, Machynlleth 

Pryce, Mrs., Marrington Hall, Chirbury, Shropshire 
J Pryce, Mrs. Gunley, Chirbury, Shropshire (Deceased) 
Pryce, David Tanatt, Esq., Bronwylfa, Corwen 
tPryce, Edward S. Mostyn, Esq., The Lions, Branksome Woods, 

Bournemouth 

tJPryce, Elijah, Esq., Trederwen House, Llansantffraid, Oswestry 
t Pryce, Robert Da vies, Esq., Cyffronydd, Welshpool 
tPryce, Thomas, Esq., 52, Java Street, The Hague 

Pryce, Thomas Edward, Esq., Architect, 9, Argyll Street, Lon- 
don, W. 

Pugh, Thomas, Esq., The Berkshire, Box 275, Pitteston P.A., U.S.A. 

Pugh, William, Esq., Bod Dyffryn, Kenley, Surrey 
*Pugh, Wm. Buckley, Esq., Dolfor Hall, Kerry, and Patrington, Hull 

Pughe, Rev. G. R. Gould, Mellor Vicarage, Blackburn 

Rendel, Stuart, Esq., M.P., Plas Dinam, Llanidloes, and 16, Palace 
Gardens, London 

Roberts, David, Esq., 53, Willow Street, Oswestry 
tRoberts, Rev. Richard, M.A., Vicarage, Amlwch, Anglesea 

Roberts, Rev. Robert Jones, M.A., Pool Quay Vicarage, Welshpool 

Robinson, E. F., Esq., M.B., Park Lane, Welshpool 

Ruck, Mrs., Pantlludw, Machynlleth 
tRutter, Thomas, Esq., Church Bank, Welshpool 



St. Asaph, The Bishop of, The Palace, St. Asaph (Vice- President) 

Sudeley, The Lord, Toddiugton, Gloucestershire (Vice- President} 

Salt, George Moultrie, Esq., Quarry Place, Salop 

Salisbury, Rev. E. E. Baylee, B.D., Winceby Rectory, Horncastle, 
Lincolnshire 

Salusbury, Rev. George Augustus, M.A., Westbury Rectory, Salop 
*Sandford, Rev. George, M.A., Ecclesall Vicarage, Sheffield 

Sladen, Rev. E. H. Mainwaring, M.A., The Gore, Bournemouth 
(Deceased) 

Slaughter, Rev. Edward, St. Mary's, Old Bidston Road, Birkenhead 

Sotheran, Henry, Esq., 136, Strand, London 

Southern, Francis R., Esq., Ludlow 

Sowerby, Thomas, Esq., M.R.C.S., Welshpool 

Squires, Mrs., 43, Great Pulteney Street, Bath 

Storey, Thomas, Esq., Westfield, Lancaster 
tJSturkey, Thomas, Esq., Dyffryn, Meifod, Welshpool 
fSwettenham, William Norman, Esq., M.R.Inst.C.E., County Sur- 
veyor, Newtown, Mont. 

Swithinbank, George Edwin, Esq., LL.D., 15, Clifford's Inn, London 

Temple, Rev. R., M.A., Llwynygroes, Llanymynech, R.S.O. 
*fThomas, Ven. Archdeacon D. R., M.A., F.S.A., Vicarage, Meifod, 

Welshpool 

Tracy, The Hon. Frederick Hanbury, M.P., Penbryn, Montgomery 

Trinity College Library, (Rev. R. Sinker, M.A., Librarian) Cambridge 

tTudor, Owen Davies, Esq., 2, Collingham Road, South Kensington, 

London 
Twentyman, Llewelyn Howell, Esq., Castlecroft, Wolverhampton 

Vane-Tempest, Lord Henry J., Plas, Machynlleth 
t+Vaughan, Mrs., Brookside, Welshpool 
Verney, Major G. H., The Cedars, Esher, Surrey 

fWynn, Sir Watkin Williams, Bart., Wynnstay, Ruabon (Vice- 
President) 

*t+Walker, Col. David, 11, Dale Street, Liverpool 
tj Wilding, William, Esq., Town Clerk, Montgomery 

Williams, Edward, Esq., Broome Hall, Oswestry 

Williams, E. W. Colt, Esq., H.M. Inspector of Schools, The Gate 

House, Hereford 

tj Williams, Rev. John, M.A., Rectory, Newtown 
* Williams, Rev. Canon Robert, M.A., Rectory, Llanfyllm 
*tJWilliams, Richard, Esq., Celynog, Newtown (Hon. Secretary) 
*Williams, Stephen W., Esq., Penralley, Rhayader 
fWilliames, Rees Buckley, Esq., Pennant, Garthmyl, Mont. 
tWillings, Edward S., Esq., 511, South Broad Street, Philadelphia, 

U.S.A. 
tjWinder, Major Corbett, Vaynor Park, Berriew, Montgomeryshire 

Withy, William, Esq., Severn Street, Welshpool 



XI 



Woods, Sir Albert W., Garter King of Arms, College of Arms, 

London, E.C. 

Wright, Philip, Esq., Mellington Hall, Churchstoke, Montgomery 
f JWynn, Charles Watkiu Williams, Esq., Coed-y-Maen, Welshpool 
Wynne, W. R. M., Esq., Peniarth, Towyn 



After 1st October 1886. 

Davies, Thomas, Esq., 121, High Holborn, London 

Ffoulkes, Kev. John Piers Benedict, M.A., The Grange, Jarrow-on- 

Tyne. 

Morgan, George, Esq., Fron, Newtown, Mont. 
Powys, Vere, Esq., 1, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London. 



THE POWYS-LAND CLUB. 



THE Nineteenth Annual Meeting of the Powys-land Club was 
held on Friday, 29th October 1886, at the Powys-land Museum, 
Welshpool, the President, the Earl of Powis, Lord Lieutenant 
of Montgomeryshire, in the chair. Among those present 
were Peter Arthur Beck, Esq. (High Sheriff) ; Kobert 
Davies Pryce, Esq. (Lord Lieutenant of Merionethshire) ; 
Captain Meyrick Pryce ; Miss Mytton ; Captain Mytton 
of Garth ; and Miss and Master Mytton ; William Fisher, 
Esq. ; Yen. Archdeacon Thomas ; Rev. D. P. Lewis j Rev. 
Prebendary Matthews ; Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Howell ; 
G. D. Harrison, Esq. (Clerk of the Peace) ; W. Forrester 
Addie, Esq. ; Charles Jones, Esq. ; Thomas Withy, Esq. ; 
J. Withy, Esq.; Rev. J. E. Hill and Miss Ella Hill; Mr. 
and Mrs. Halliday-Wright ; Rev. W. and Miss Corfield ; 
Rev. F. and Mrs. Hawkins; Mrs. M. C. Jones and Miss 
Amy Jones; Miss and Master Dovaston; Miss Clarke; Mrs. 
Shuker Clarke ; Mrs. Roper ; Miss Salter ; Mr. and Mrs. Elijah 
Pryce ; J. Bickerton Morgan, Esq. ; the Rev. John Eaton ; 
Morris C. Jones and Richard Williams, Esqs., Honorary Secre- 
taries, and the art students and their friends. 

The PRESIDENT, in opening the proceedings, said : I will now ask 
the Secretary, Mr. Morris Jones, to read the report, which gives 
details of the changes that have taken place in the Club. During 
the past year we have lost several members by death, among whom 
are Archdeacon Ffoulkes, and Mrs. Pryce of Gunley. We have had, 
however, a considerable accession of new members. The Treasurer 
has a balance in hand of 94, which is satisfactory. The vacancy 
in the Council caused by the death of Archdeacon Ffoulkes has been 
filled up by the appointment of his successor, Archdeacon Thomas. 
A special volume of the Transactions is now appearing, consisting of 
some of the old papers of Powis Castle, which the Historical Commis- 
sioners selected when they visited that neighbourhood, and which 
I have given to the Society as an extra volume. The Commissioner 
who visited Welshpool, Mr. Maxwell Lyte, has since his visit been ap- 
pointed Deputy-Keeper of the Records, so that he is at the head of 
that important branch of historical inquiry. With regard to the Art 
School, that has not been so flourishing. There is before me a speci- 
men of carved work done by oue of the pupils which I think will 



Xlll 

interest you ; but the numbers have fallen off, so that it has not been 
possible to keep it up as an Art School, and it has been obliged to be 
maintained on a rather lower establishment as an Art class. The 
number of persons who attend, and the fees received, do not suffice 
to remunerate the teacher, who has to come from Shrewsbury, for 
such a long journey as frequently as before. I hope, however, that 
the Art class will keep alive, because I think it is a matter of import- 
ance to the rising generation in this neighbourhood, that they should 
have the means of getting good sound instruction in drawing at a 
reasonable cost. Whether a young man goes into a shop or an office, 
a knowledge of 'drawing is of very great advantage. Drawing and 
shorthand are two arts which no young man in the present day, who 
is engaged, or who expects to be engaged, in business, ought to be 
without. I think that in the interest of athletics you will be disposed 
to add a third qualification, that they should be able to move about 
rapidly by riding a bicycle. To young ladies a knowledge of drawing 
and design is very useful. One great branch of our industry which 
is very flourishing in Ireland lace making depends very much on 
the excellence of the patterns. That is an industry which affords 
employment to a very large number of the people of Ireland, and is 
not extinct in England ; but you may see by the patterns of old lace 
that that is a matter in which, with all our boasted progress, we 
have something to learn from the art of two or three centuries ago. 
I hope, therefore, that this class will receive sufficient encouragement 
to enable it to be continued. I will now request the Secretary to read 
the report. 

Mr. R. Williams, one of the Hon. Secretaries, then read the 
ANNUAL REPORT. 

The Committee, in presenting their nineteenth annual report, have 
the pleasure of stating that, although they have not altogether escaped 
the effects of the general depression, the financial position of the 
Club continues satisfactory. 

The Club has lost five members by death, viz., William Thomas 
Parker, Esq. ; Ven. Archdeacon Ffoulkes ; John Jones, Esq., Bellan 
House, Oswestry ; William Bransby Powys, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn 
Fields ; and Mrs. Pryce of Gunley. Seven members have resigned, 
or been removed from the list of members for non-payment of sub. 
scriptions. On the other hand, fifteen new members have been 
enrolled (including four enrolled since the 1st October). 

The Treasurer, after defraying all liabilities of the Club up to the 
1st of October, has a balance in hand of 94 14s. Id. 

The vacancy in the Council caused by the lamented death of Arch- 
deacon Ffoulkes has been filled up by the appointment of Archdeacon 
Thomas, which is submitted to the meeting for confirmation. 

The usual annual volume of Transactions, being the nineteenth, 
has been issued to the members. 



XIV 



The Powys-land Club in account with Peter Arthur Beck, Esq., 

and ending 

To Cash paid as follows : 

Messrs. Whiting and Co., for Printing Report of 

Meeting and Supplementary Part - 12 17 6 

Ditto for Printing Part XXXV III 51 18 2 

Ditto for Printing XXXIX - - 65 19 7 

Paid for Drawing, Lithographing, and Wood Typo- 
graphical Illustrations, and Copying - 1762 

Paid for Postage of Report and Parts XXXVIII 
and XXXIX to Members ; also of back Parts to 
New Members ; Printing and Postage of Circulars, 
collecting Subscriptions, and acknowledging same, 
Reporter, etc. . 16 19 10 

Museum 

Paid for Income-tax - - 1 4 8 

Expenses of case and labelling - 315 
Repairs and fittings - - 5110 

9 17 1 
Balance carried down - - - 94 14 7 



269 12 11 



XV 



Hon. Treasurer , for the year commencing 1st October 1885, 
30th September 1886. 

By Balance in hand - 58 13 11 

Cash received from Subscriptions as follows : 

8 Subscriptions from Original Members at 10s. 6d. 

each - .440 

140 Subscriptions from ordinary Members at 1 Is. 

each 147 

Special : 

1 The Earl of Powis - 550 

Arrears received - - 11 11 

Subscriptions of next year received in advance from 
Members 39 7 6 

20 Members who last year, or previously, paid this 
year's Subscription in advance. 

8 Members, in arrear, amounting (besides bad debts) 
to .8 8s. 



177 Number on List of Members on 30th Sept. 1886. 

Cash received for books sold - - - 3116 



269 12 11 



1886, October. By balance in hand brought down - 94 14 7 



XVI 

The Historical MSS. Commissioners' Tenth Report having brought 
into prominent notice certain historical documents relating to the 
Herbert family, which, though not all of a local nature, are never- 
theless of considerable and general interest, our President gene- 
rously offered to have them printed in the Montgomeryshire Col- 
lections, an offer which the Council accepted with alacrity and much 
gratitude. 

The Club has thus been enabled this year to issue an extra volume, 
forming the twentieth of the Collections, the contents of which cannot 
fail to prove highly interesting and valuable. 

The PEESIDENT next called upon the Treasurer (Mr. Peter 
Beck) to read the financial statement (see pp. xiv and xv). 

The PRESIDENT then said : I beg to move that the report now read 
be printed and circulated, and that the Venerable Archdeacon 
Thomas's appointment as a member of the Council, in lieu of Arch- 
deacon Ffoulkes, be confirmed. I am sure that Archdeacon Thomas's 
services on the Council will be as valuable as those of his lamented 
predecessor. 

Captain MYTTON said : I beg to second the adoption of this resolu- 
tion. I think we may congratulate ourselves that in these days of 
insolvency the Club is in a satisfactory condition. In the hands of 
that able financier, Mr. Morris Jones, I do not think that it is likely 
to become insolvent. We all regret the vacancies which have occurred 
owing to the deaths which have taken place during the past year. 
The appointment of the Venerable Archdeacon Thomas, in the place 
of the late Venerable Archdeacon Ffoulkes, we are now asked to con- 
firm. Archdeacon Thomas's connection with the Cambrian Archaeo- 
logical Association will be of great service to our own institution, the 
Powys-land Club, and I do not think a better appointment could 
have been made. The Secretaries, I think we ought to notice, have 
been carefully tracing out the genealogies of many of the families in 
this county. It must be a satisfaction to those families to see their 
pedigrees recorded in the Montgomeryshire Collections, and also an 
encouragement to them to keep the family name and fame untar- 
nished, and to make good selections in their family connections. I 
have much pleasure in seconding the adoption of the report. 

The motion having been carried, the PRESIDENT said : I will 
now call upon the Eev. J. E. Hill to read the report of the 
Powys-land School of Art Committee. 

Mr. Hill then read the report, which was as follows : 

REPORT OP SCHOOL OP ART COMMITTEE. 

The attendance of the classes and the fees received or due have 
been as follows : 



XV11 

DAT CLASS. EVENING CLASS. 

Attendance. Fees. Attendance. Fees. 

Term commencing Dec. 15, 1885 ... 5 ... o 16 ... 26 ... .676 

Term ending March 19, 1886 ... 8 ... 7 8 ... 22 .. 5 10 

Term ending July 13, 1886 ... 9 ... 6 15 fi ... 20 ... 4 18 6 

-9 19 6 16 16 
19 19 6 



36 15 fi 

The last year's fees amounted to .48 Os. lid., which shows a 
falling off of ,11 15s. Qd. 

EXAMINATIONS. On the 3rd, 4th, and 6th May, examinations of 
the classes were held by the Science and Art Department, when the 
following offered themselves for examination, including two external 
pupils : 

Second Grade. For model drawing, 6 ; freehand, 10 ; geometrical, 
6 ; perspective, 2. 

Third Grade. Outline from cast, for prizes only, 4. 

No prizes were obtained, but the following certificates : Arthur 
Henry Wainwright his full certificate of having passed the second grade 
examination in freehand, geometrical, perspective, and model drawing. 
Mary Jane Davies, model drawing ; Mary Louisa Dovaston, freehand 
drawing ; Rees Evans, perspective drawing ; Henry Farr, model 
drawing; Katherine Anne Roper, freehand drawing; Percy Edward 
de Winton Scott, freehand drawing ; Stanley Herbert Davies, outside 
pupil, freehand drawing ; ditto, geometry. 

RESULTS OF WORK. In the Elementary Section, 18 students 
submitted 91 works and obtained 44 marks. In the Advanced Sec- 
tion, 7 students submitted 12 works and obtained 18 marks, and 4 
students submitted 18 works for prizes only, but obtained none. One 
of the students, Arthur Henry Wainwright, as his work submitted a 
carved panel, which obtained 7 marks, and is exhibited to the meet- 
ing as a most creditable production. 

At the end of the School of Art year, which is now arranged to 
terminate with the examinations in May, the Committee received a 
communication from the master, Mr. Charles Cortissos, suggesting 
to them that an alteration should be made in the number of times 
the classes meet during the week, as he found it did not remunerate 
him to attend twice on the present terms, because, although the fee 
for the day class is one guinea, students seldom join for the full 
term, and the evening class fees are not sufficiently large to make up 
for such deficiency. He also expressed his opinion that it would 
answer quite as well if the classes were to meet once a week, for 
which he proposed the fees should be for the day class, 1 2s. Qd. per 
term of ten weeks, and for the evening class, 3s. Qd. for the same. 

This proposed alteration would have the effect of reducing the 
School of Art to an Art Class. 

The Committee, considering that the advantages obtained from the 
Science and Art Department by a School of Art, since the grant of 

b 



XV111 



10 for the register has been discontinued, are no greater than those 
obtained by an Art Class (except in one particular, the loan of 
pictures), and that the classes one day a week will meet the require- 
ments of most of the students, resolved to adopt the master's sugges- 
tion, and upon a communication being made to the Department, 
accordingly, the change has been effected, and the Art Class has been 
recognised by the Depai'tment. 

An amateur concert was given in the spring, the proceeds of which 
have enabled the Committee to keep out of debt. 

The PRESIDENT next presented the certificates to the success- 
ful candidates. 

ARCHDEACON THOMAS said : Before proposing the motion which has 
been put into my hands, I wish to take the opportunity of thanking 
the Club for the honour they have done me in appointing me a 
member of their Council. I have, as Captain Mytton has remarked, a 
good deal to do with the same kind of work in connection with the 
Archceologia Cambrensis. I am afraid that, as my hands are very full, 
I shall not be able to give as much attention to, and to assist as I 
should wish to do, the Powys-land Club ; but I will give it my full 
sympathy, and I hope I shall be able to do something more. I will 
now proceed to propose the resolution which has been put into my 
hands, and in doing so I must suppose for a moment that his lordship 
is not present. The resolution is, " That the best thanks of the Club 
be given to the President for presiding, and for his unexampled act of 
princely munificence in presenting to the Powys-land Club the volume 
of the Herbert MSS." The resolution divides itself into two parts. 
First of all it thanks his lordship for presiding over this meeting. It 
looks, at first sight, rather like tautology to thank the President for 
presiding, but I think it intends to express our pleasure and gratifica- 
tion at his being here once more, and I believe his lordship has been 
here at almost every anniversary since the foundation of the Club. 
I am sure of this, that whatever Lord Powis undertakes to do, he will 
carry it out loyally and faithfully, and his undertaking the office of 
President of this Club implies, almost as a matter of course, that he 
will always be here upon these occasions to fulfil the duties of that 
office. I think we may congratulate ourselves upon having at the 
head of the Powys-land Club, one who is in every respect fitted for 
that position. There are several qualifications for the office to be 
taken into consideration. First, we should look at the broad acres : 
but there are others who have broad acres. Then the head of the 
Club should be one who will give attention to, and take a thorough 
interest in, matters relating to the county. This also our President 
does ; but there are others also, you will say, in the county, who take 
a very strong and continuous interest in its affairs. When we go 
beyond, to the particular qualifications for the office of President of a 
literary society, we have especially to congratulate ourselves upon 



XIX 

having the Earl of Powis at the head of our Club. Besides the 
excellent promise of his career at Cambridge, the honour conferred 
upon him by his own University, the ripe scholarship which dis- 
tinguishes him, and which he never neglects, we know the interest he 
takes in all matters relating to education and the intellectual welfare 
of the country. Whether it be the Art School at Welshpool or the 
University College at Bangor, or whatever else, we find our President 
fulfilling his duties in a way we have reason to be proud of as being 
members of a club over which he presides so well. The other part of 
the resolution refers to his lordship's munificence in presenting the 
Club with the volume of the Herbert Manuscripts. There is, I 
think, a peculiar appropriateness in the fact that the twentieth volume 
of Montgomeryshire Collections, capping, as it were, the second decade 
of the existence of the Powys-land Club, should be devoted to manu- 
scripts relating to the family of which he is the honoured head. The 
volume is divided into three parts ; the first part miscellaneous, dating 
from 1586 to 1735 ; the second part, from 1614 to 1626, gives the 
correspondence of Sir Edward Herbert, first Lord Herbert ; and the 
third part contains the despatches of Sir Edward Herbert for the 
year 1619. The second and third parts bear upon matters not only 
of local, but also of national interest, and shed a great deal of light 
upon international questions, thus raising the Club a stage higher by 
enabling it to publish, not only local information, but also contribu- 
tions upon matters of national interest and value. I think the first 
part of the three will especially excite attention and interest amongst 
us in Montgomeryshire. Besides a very interesting account of the 
examination and confession of Mary Queen of Scots, there are local 
matters of importance, and one of special satisfaction to us as an 
antiquarian and archaeological club in the county of Montgomery. 
Whereas in one of the items we are told of the sad fate which was 
ordained, and which, unhappily, befell Montgomery Castle, we have in 
the case of Powis Castle an order countermanding its destruction ; 
and hence it is that our President possesses a habitation worthy of his 
name and of its ancient history, and that we have close at hand 
a building which is, I may say, the great ornament of the county and 
of Powys-land. There are many other matters of interest in the first 
part the miscellaneous portion of the volume. There is, for 
instance, a great deal of information in relation to the Commonwealth 
party ; and there is one particular letter, which struck me very much. 
We have often heard of novels concocted in order to create an evil 
suspicion. There is a letter in the collection bearing on a matter of 
national interest, the religion of James II. The letter is from Father 
Petre. I will not say anything about it, but I am sure that anyone 
who reads it will feel that no condemnation from the outside could 
bear comparison with the revelation made in the letter of the intrigues 
carried on in an underhand way. Before sitting down I should just 
like to refer to the nineteenth volume, the information in which is full 
of the interest which has marked all the preceding volumes. I think 

b 2 



XX 

I may venture to say that no county, not only in the Principality, but 
in the whole kingdom, can show such a record of information and 
historical material, relating to the different parishes and parts of which 
it is composed. Tn the nineteenth volume there is an excellent 
account written by one of the co -secretaries, Mr. Richard Williams. 
There are a number of points in it which might serve as a peg upon 
which to hang many remarks. The writer asks a question to which 
I will just refer, in connection with an amusing slip on the subject of 
early interments. In reference to funerals at Llanbrynmair, there is 
an instance of some one who, in 1617, was buried " amiculo feriali 
panni tenuis involutus", which is translated, " Wrapped by a friend 
in a thin funeral cloth." It is a rather natural mistake to fall into 
with reference to the word " amiculo". It is not the diminutive of 
"amicus", but is from "amiculum", and means "a shroud". 
"Wrapped in a funeral shroud of thin cloth (flannel 1 ?)" as was, I 
believe, very much the custom of those days. This brings me to the 
question asked about burying without coffins. I imagine that the 
custom of burial with coffins is of a comparatively late introduction. 
Down to the end of the seventeenth century it was almost the 
universal custom, except among very rich and important people, to 
be buried simply in a shroud, without any coffin at all. In those days 
funerals were not put off for three or four days or a week after death. 
People were buried the day after death, and very often the same day, the 
reason being that they did not keep them or bury them in coffins. I am 
glad to find that our Secretaries have agreed to reprint the pedigrees 
bearing special reference to Welshpool. I think this plan makes our 
publications handier and more interesting. Upon a former occasion I 
recommended it, but it did not seem to approve itself to them. The 
same plan might, I believe, be adopted with advantage with regard to 
the parochial histories. There are many people who cannot afford to 
subscribe to the Powys-land Club, and could much less afford the 
luxury of a whole series of the Montgomeryshire Collections, who would 
be delighted to have the history of their own parish, if only it were 
deemed desirable, in the interests of the Club, as I think it is, that 
reprints of parochial histories should be available in the parishes to 
which they relate. I beg to move the resolution of thanks to the 
President which has been placed in my hands. 

The Rev. D. P. LEWIS said : I rise with great pleasure to second the 
resolution whichhas been proposed by theVenerable Archdeacon Thomas, 
and after the Archdeacon's very exhaustive address, I hope you will 
excuse me if my remarks are exceedingly short, as I know some of 
the gentlemen present are very anxious to get away by a train 
which is due in a few minutes. We are all extremely delighted 
year after year at the honour and privilege of having Lord Powis 
to preside over us at our meetings. His lordship is one who 
is both able and willing to do so. There are others who may be 
willing, but who are not nearly so able as his lordship. At the same 
time we have to thank him for what certainly may be called an act 
of princely munificence his paying for the publication of those most 



XXI 

interesting and valuable documents, the Herbert Manuscripts. I call 
them interesting and valuable, because such documents, brought from 
the store-rooms of great families, shed a great deal of light upon some 
of the secret recesses of ancient history, thus enabling histoiy by 
degrees to advance to a scientific accuracy. At the same time they 
are of extreme interest in the light they throw upon the manners and 
customs of those times, and as illustrating the great changes which 
take place in language in the course of a century or two, and the 
very different way in which words are used both in English and 
French. I should not recommend any young man going in for a 
competitive examination to study these documents as a means of 
improving his spelling, because the change made in spelling since 
they were written is most extraordinary and remarkable. These 
records, both for the language and the information they contain, are 
exceedingly interesting and valuable, and I am sure we all have great 
cause to thank Lord Powis for his great munificence in defraying 
the cost of their publication. I beg leave to second the resolution. 

Archdeacon THOMAS then put the resolution to the meeting, 
and it was carried unanimously. 

The PRESIDENT in reply said : I am very much obliged to you for 
the compliment you have been so good as to pay me. I am very 
glad to be able to attend the annual meeting of this Society. I think 
we are all very much obliged to Archdeacon Thomas for the account 
he has given of the twentieth volume of the Transactions. 

Mr. A. HOWELL said : There is one vote which our Secretary, Mr. 
Morris C. Jones, is too modest to allow to be included in the pro- 
gramme. It is a vote of thanks to our Honorary Secretaries. This is 
the nineteenth annual meeting, and I myself having been an in- 
efficient member of the Council of the Club from its commencement, 
have a somewhat intimate knowledge of the labours which our friend 
Mr. M. C. Jones has gratuitously undergone, and his devotion to the 
objects of the Society have been such as to deserve our warmest 
thanks. Nothing short of such unwearied zeal and devotion, and his 
discretion, could have established, and so successfully kept up this 
Society, and given us the very great public benefits we have derived 
from it. In regard to Mr. R. Williams, who has latterly been added 
as one of the Secretaries, I know much of his ability, industry, and 
the interest he takes in matters within the scope and object of 
the Society, and think that his addition as one of the Secretaries is a 
fortunate selection. I hold in my hand a card which turned up a few 
days ago, and which was received from a relative, an elderly lady, 
the late Mrs. Edward Jones, who died in my house a few years ago, 
at the advanced age of ninety-two years, who well recollected the 
celebration to which the card refers, as well as many other of the 
important events which attracted the enthusiastic attention of Welsh- 
pool and surrounding district during the long period commencing 
with the latter part of the last, and commencement of the present, 
century. Of this card the following is a copy : 



XX11 

No. 287. Table 4. 
Celebration of Peace. 

Welshpool, 1814. 
Admit Ann Jones. 

My late relatives have often told me that the tables extended from 
the Town Hall to the Cross Pump. The other impoi'tant event of the 
following year, 1815, namely, the Battle of Waterloo, was com- 
memorated by the erection, by the inhabitants, of the bridge in the 
town over the Lledan Brook, called Waterloo Bridge ; and a third 
important event, which followed a few years later, in which the district 
took the greatest interest, was the union of the Powis Castle and 
Wynnstay Houses by the marriage of the grandfather of the present 
baronet, Sir Watkiu Williams Wynn, and his grandmother, Lady 
Harriet Clive, the sister of the late Earl of Powis, the father of the 
present Earl, which was commemorated by the erection of another 
bridge in the town over the same brook, called " Union Bridge". Of 
all these events, among others of the period I have mentioned, the 
lady to whom I refer had a very lively recollection. Histories of the 
important contemporary events, and others of a very much earlier 
date, are now recorded and resuscitated, and transmitted to posterity 
by the able and devoted zeal of the Secretaries of this Society, and I 
know all will be glad to express their warmest thanks. 

The Secretary briefly acknowledged the vote of thanks. 

The President and the ladies and gentlemen present then 
proceeded to the School of Art to view a large picture sent for 
the purpose by Messrs. Thomas Richardson and Co., 43, 
Piccadilly, London. The picture is by William Linnell, and 
is of large dimensions (7 feet by 4 canvas), and of great 
interest. Subject : "The Introduction of Christianity amongst 
the Welsh, by Bran, the father of Caractacus." 

" Bran the Blessed, Son of Llyr Llidiath first brought the Faith of 
Christ to the nation of the Cyrnry from Rome, A.D. 59, when he had 
been seven years a hostage for his son Caradog (Caractacus) whom 
the Romans had taken captive." Vide Ecclesiastical Antiquities of 
Cymry, Triad 35 (sed vide Rees' Welsh Saints, p. 77). 

The picture was much admired, and it was announced that 
it would be on view for a fortnight, admission free to all 
signing the visitors' book. 



XX111 



CLASSIFIED LIST OF ARTICLES 

PRESENTED, BETWEEN NOVEMBER 1885 AND NOVEMBER 1886 

TO THE POWYS-LAND MUSEUM AND LIBRARY, WITH THE 

NAMES OP THE DONOKS.* 

(Continued from "Montgomeryshire Collections" } 
Vol. xviii, p. xxxv.) 



STONE : 

Presented by (396) J. P. EARWAKEH (1885). 
7. Net-sinker (or spindle whorl), found near Ruthin. 
Presented by (440) Mrs. OWEN, Bacheldre (1886). 
1. Carved Bowl of a Tobacco-pipe made from Lava from Vesuvius. 

Presented by (441) E. J. BEBB (1886). 
1. Stone Quern, found iu Weir's Nursery Ground, Welshpool. 

IRON : 

Presented by (1) MORRIS C. JONES. 
269. A Man-trap. 

SUNDRIES; 

Presented by (439) ALEXANDER DAVIES (1886). 

1. One Pound Note, Welshpool Bank, John Mytton, Matthew Jones, 
and Pryce Glynne Mytton, dated 20th December 1813 (signed, 
Pryce Glynne Mytton). 

2. The like, dated 18th April 1814 (signed by Matthew Jones). 

3. One Pound Note, Shrewsbury Bank, Rowton Walker and Mellor, 
dated 28th August 1813 (signed, John Tudor). 

4. One Pound Note, Llanidloes Bank, William Herbert and Co., 
dated 1st May 1813 (signed, William Herbert). 

HATCHMENT : 

Presented by (444) 0. SLANEY WYNNE (1886). 
Hatchment of the Arms of the late Sir Watkiu Williams Wynn, 
Bart. 

AUTOGRAPH : 

Presented by (442) Rev. Canon HAYMAN (1886). 
1 . Autograph of Edward Jones, Bishop of St. Asaph. 

* Each donor's name has a large number prefixed, and each of his dona- 
tions is numbered consecutively with a small number. This is done for the 
future identification of the donations. 



XXIV 

NATURAL HISTORY : 

Presented by (215) D. P. OWEN (1886). 

Specimen of Lead Ore from Craig y Mwyn Mine, Llangynog, 
belonging to the Duke of Powis. 

Presented by (241) C. A. DELMAR (1886). 

11. A specimen of an immense Pike's Upper Jaw, supposed to have 
been thrown out of the River Severn by otters in 1886. 
Presented by (437) R. E. MARTIN (1886). 
1. A Kitten with eight legs (preserved in spirits). 

CAVE RELICS : 

Presented by (438) R. W. HILL (1886). 

1. Specimen of Bone found in Tremeirchion Caves. 

2. A Photograph of the Cave. 

3. Photographs of Interior and Exterior of the Museum. 

COINS : 

Presented by (398) J. P. EARWAKER (1885). 
8. Penny piece, George III, 1806. 

Presented by (445) THOMAS RUTTER (1886). 

2. Four Twopenny pieces George Til, 1792, 1797, and two 
illegible. 

3. One Penny piece George III, 1797. 

" The largest ever issued being 16 pence to the Ib. of copper, which at that time was 
selling at I6d. per Ib." 

INDIAN AND OTHER CURIOSITIES : 

Presented by (411) FRANCIS PARRY (1886). 

4. Japanese Comb. 

5. Tobacco-pipe. 

6. Chinese Case, Knife, and Chop-sticks. 

7. Three lacquered and three porcelain Japanese Dishes or Saucers, 
as in native use. 

8. Chinese, Speckled Blue, for water on the writing-table. 

9. Three Japanese Books, curious woodcuts. 

10. Pair Chinese (deformed or compressed foot) Shoes. 

11. Six Japanese Pictures. 

1. Blind man. 2, Damio with armed retainers; villagers bending. 
3, Fan and scroll manufactory. 4. Japanese gentleman. 5. Japanese 
ladies. C. Upset of a norimon or sedan. 

12. Pice, usually called " Dumpy Pice" King of Delhi. 

13. Eleven small Photographs, Dresden Gallery. 

14. One French thirteenth century Head-dress photograph. 

15. Chinese Note-paper and Envelopes, visiting, plain and red ; 
Money, on a card ; Playing-cards. 

1 6. Japanese Bronze Tortoise. 

J7. Shells from the Jordan and Sea of Galilee. 
18. Indian Ornaments, gilt. 



XXV 

19. Chinese Opium Pipe-head. 

20. Snuff. 

21. Lock. 

22. Bangles. 

23. Two Dresden Transparencies. 

24. Two Medallions, stained glass (heraldic). 

BOOKS; 

Presented by (119) D. W. EVANS (1885). 

7. " The Tryal of Thomas, Earl of Macclesfield, in the House of 
Peers, an Impeachment, 1725." 

8. The Antiquary, Nos. 1 to 64, ten volumes. 

Presented by (396) J. P- EARWAKER, in exchange. 

5. Publications of the Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 
vols. 9, 10, and 13. 

6. Publications of the Cheetham Society, Wills and Inventories at 
Chester, 1884. 

Presented by (429) Major ALFRED HEALES, F.S.A. (1885). 
1. The History of Tanridge Priory, 1885. 

Presented by (430) Mr. BENTLEY, Welshpool (1885). 
1. Manual of Private Devotion, by Bishop Andrews, 1674. 

Presented by (431) J. O. HALLIWELL-PHILLIPPS, Esq. (1885). 
1. His Work, " Memoranda on the Tragedy of Hamlet", 1885. 

Presented by (443) Rev. W. E. THOMAS. 
1. Ancient Bible. 

Presented by (430) THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES, 

ABERYSTWITH (1886). 
1. Calendar, 14th Session, 1885-6. 

Presented by (377) THE BRITISH MUSEUM (1886). 

41. Catalogue of Fossil Mammalia (part iii\ 1886. 

42. ,, the Birds in the British Museum, vol. xi, 1886. 

43. ,, the Blastoidea, by Etheridge and Carpenter, 1886. 

44. Guide to the Exhibition Galleries of Geology and Palaeontology, 
4th edition, 1886. 

Presented by (353) Mrs. SQUIRES (1885-6). 

9. Ancient Welsh Poetry, by Rev. Evan Evans (leuan Prydydd 
Hir), John Pryce, Llanidloes. 

10. A Brief Description of England and Wales, with maps, 12mo. 
London, H. Turpin, 104, St. John Street, West Smithfield. 

11. "The Pilgrim's Progress from this World to that which is to 
Come, by John Bunyan. Six twentieth edition." 

With additions of new Cuts. London, 1743. 

Presented by (57) the EARL OF Powis (1886). 

15. Tenth Report of Historical MSS. Commissioners. 

16. Chromo-lithograph of Grant of Supporters to Sir Edward 
Herbert, Knight, Baron of Castle Island. 



XXVI 

Presented by (431) Rev. W. J. DIMMOCK (1886). 
1. Leicestershire Pedigrees : Royal Descents, parts i, ii, and iii. 

Presented by (432) Rev. D. DAVIES, M.A. (1886). 

1. The Ancient Ecclesiastical History of the first six hundred 
years after Christ, by Meredith Hanraer, D.D. London, R. Field, 
1619. 

Presented by (407) WOODALL, MINSHALL, & Co. (1886). 
4. Stone Crosses (copy bound in parchment), by Rev. E. Owen, M.A. 

Presented by (421) ELLIOT STOCK (1886). 

2. What I Believe, by Leon Tolstoi, translated from the Russian 
by Constantino Popoff, 1885. 

Presented by (133) J. J. HOWARD, LL.D., in exchange (1885-6). 
Miscellanea Heraldica et Genealogica. 

Presented by (445) THOMAS RUTTER (1886). 

3. Rowland's " Mona Antiqua". 

4. " The Epistle of Gildas". 

" The most Ancient British Author, who flourished in the yeere of our Lord 546, And 
who by his great Erudition, Sanctitie, and Wisdome acquired the name of 
Sapiens." 

"Faithfully translated out of the Originall Latino." 

" London." 

" Printed at Cotes for William Cooke, and are to be sold at his Shop neere Furnivalls 
Inn Gate in Holborne." " 1638." 

Presented by (433) J. HARRIS (1886). 
1. Red Dragon, vols. i to ix, and vol. x, 1, 2, 3, 4. 

Presented by (434) SCIENCE AND ART DEPARTMENT (1886). 

1. List of Books in National Art Library on Pottery and Porcelain. 

2. ,, Furniture. 

3. Gems. 

4. Heraldry and Heraldic 

Illustration. 

Presented by (413) E. B. LUXMOORE (1886). 

2. Result of Recent Discoveries in Bone Caves at Fynnon Beuno 
and Cae Gwyn. 

Presented by (435) G. F. DEACON (1886). 

1. Report as to Virniew Masonry Dam. 

2. Annual Report of Water Engineer to Liverpool Corporation. 

Presented by (411) FRANCIS PARRY (1885). 

25. Four Parts of Royal Geographical Society (imperfect). 

26. Imperial Federation, Naval and Military : a Lecture by Capt. 
Colomb. 

27. New South Wales, its Progress and Resources, 1886. 



XXV11 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETIES' TRANSACTIONS received in exchange for the 
Powys-land Club Publications : 

From (278) THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA (1885). 

The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, vol. ix, pt. 1, 
2, and 4. 

From (309) THE SHROPSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY 
SOCIETY (1885). 

Vol. ix, parts 1 , 2, and 3. 

From (45) THE BRITISH ARCH^OLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (1885). 
Journal. Vol. xli, part 4 ; vol. xlii, parts 1, 2, and 3. 

From (293) THE CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY (1885). 
List of Members. 

From (72) THE YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND TOPOGRAPHICAL 

SOCIETY (1885-6). 
Transactions. Parts 35 and 36. 

From ( 2 24) THE KOYAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN 

AND IRELAND (1884). 
Transactions. Nos. 167, 168, 169, 170. 

From (73) SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND (1885). 
Proceedings, vol. vii, 1884-5. 

From (297) THE WILTSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY 

SOCIETY (1885). 
The Magazine. Nos. 66 and 67. 

From (351) THE BRISTOL AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL 

SOCIETY (1886). 
Vol. ix, parts 1 and 2. 
Great Orphan Book, No. 4. 

From (223) ROYAL HISTORICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF 

IRELAND (1885). 
No. 63 and 64 (vol. vii, 4th Series). 

From (289) THE ROYAL INSTITUTION OF CORNWALL (1885). 
Journal. Vol. viii, Part 4. 

From (296) THE GLASGOW PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY (1886). 
Proceedings. Vol. xvii. 

From (25) THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF LONDON (1886). 
Proceedings. Vol. x, No. 3 ; vol. xi, Nos. 1 and 2 ; and List of 
Members. 

From (387) THE SOMERSETSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL 

HISTORY SOCIETY (1886). 
Proceedings during 1885. Vol. xi. 

From (406) THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE 

(1885). 
Archfeologia /Eliana. Vol. xi, No. 2. 



XXV111 

From (292) THE SUFFOLK INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY AND NATURAL 

HISTORY (1885). 
Proceedings. Vol. v, part 5. 

From (427) THE LEICESTERSHIRE ARCHITECTURAL AND 

ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (1886). 
Vol. vi, part 3. 
From (428) THE YORKSHIRE GEOLOGICAL AND POLYTECHNIC SOCIETY 

(1885). 

Transactions. Vol. ix, part 1. 
Contortions in the Chalk at Staple Nook ; three photos, 1, 2, and 3. 

From (342) SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION (1886). 
Smithsonian Report, 1884. 

From (254) BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLAND INSTITUTE (1885). 
Transactions, 3 vols., 4to., 1876-7, 1878-9, 1880-1. 
From (287) CHESTER ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORIC SOCIETY (1885). 
Journal. Part xii, div. 1. 

From (255) BERWICKSHIRE NATURALIST CLUB (1885). 
Proceedings, 1884. 

From (259) THE HONOURABLE SOCIETY OF CYMMRODORION (1885). 
The Gododin of Aneurin Gwawdrydd, 1886. 
Y Cwmmrodor. Vol. vii, p. i. 

From (295) THE SUSSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (1886). 
Domesday Book, Sussex. Fol. 
Sussex Archaeological Collections. Vol. xxxiv, 1886. 

From (335) THE KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 
Archseologia Cantiana. Vol. xvi, 1886. 
From (436) THE GLASGOW ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (1886). 
Transactions. New Series, vol. i, parts 1 and 4, 1885-6. 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF DONORS OF ARTICLES AND BOOKS PRE- 
SENTED TO THE POWYS-LAND MUSEUM AND LIBRARY. 

From October 1885 to October 1886. 



Bebb, E. J., 441 
Davies, Alexander, 439 
Davies, Rev. D., 432 
Deacon, G. F., 435 
Dimmock, Rev. W. J., 431 
Glasgow Archaeological Society, 

436 

Harris, John, 433 
Hayman, Rev. Canon, 442 
Heales, Major Alfred, 429 



Hill, R. W., 438 

Martin, R. E., 437 

Owen, Mrs. (Bacheldre), 440 

Rutter, Thomas 445 

Science and Art Department, 

South Kensington, 434 
Thomas, Rev. E. W., 443 
University College of Wales, Aber- 

ystwith, 430 
Wynne, 0. Slaney, 444 



XXIX 



REPOET OF THE POWYS-LAND MUSEUM AND 
LIBEAEY COMMITTEE. 

The visitors to the Museum have been 222, of whom 97 have 
paid the admission fee. 

The balance at the beginning of the year was 1 10 2 
Admission fees 143 



2 14 5 
The expenditure Cleaning, 10s.; brooms, 

etc., 5s. . . . .0150 



Balance 1 19 5 



The donations to the Museum have not been up to the average 
of former years, but the Library has had numerous additions. 

The arrangement of the shells and fossils has been nearly com- 
pleted. 



XXX 



The POWYS-LAND CLUB exchanges publications with the fol- 
lowing Literary Societies, viz. : 

The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Royal Institution, Edinburgh. 

The British Archaeological Association, 32, Sackville Street, Piccadilly. 

The Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Oxford 
Mansions, Oxford Street. 

The Cambrian Archaeological Association. 

The London and Middlesex Archaeological Society (G. H. Birch, Esq., 
Hon. Sec., 9, Buckingham Street, Strand, London). 

The Surrey Archaeological Society, 8, Danes Inn, Strand, London. 

The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Society (G. H. Tomlin- 
son, Esq., Huddersfield). 

The Berwickshire Naturalist Club (James Hardy, Esq., Old Cambus, 
Cock sburnspath). 

The Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, London (Secretary, C. W. 
Jones, Esq., Local Government Board, London). 

The Cambridge Antiquarian Society (Rev. S. S. Lewis, F.S.A., Corpus 
Christi College, Secretary). 

The Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool (Royal Institution, 
Liverpool). 

The Essex Archaeological Society (H. W. King, Esq., Leigh Hill, Leigh, 
Essex, Secretary). 

The Royal Institution of Cornwall (J. II Collins, Esq., Truro). 

The Sussex Archaeological Society (John Edward Price, Esq., 60, Albion 
Road, Stoke Newington, London, Secretary). 

The Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Natural History (C. H. Evelyn 
White, Esq., 82, Christ Church Street, Ipswich). 

The Worcester Diocesan Architectural and Archaeological Society (J. 
Noake, Esq., London Road, Worcester, Secretary). 

The Wiltshire Archaeological Society (Rev. H. A. Olivier, Museum, 
Devizes). 

The Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (W. H. 
Adnitt, Esq., The Museum, Salop, Secretary). 

The Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (The 
Castle, Taunton). 

The Smithsonian Institution, Washington, U.S.A. (S. Baird, Esq., 
Assistant-Secretary). 

The Bristol and Gloucester Archaeological Society (The Museum, Glou- 
cester). 

The Glasgow Philosophical Society, Glasgow. 

The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-on-Tyne (Hon. Secretary R 
Blair, Esq., South Shields). 

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, No. 920, Spruce Street, Phila- 
delphia, U.S.A. 

The Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society (care of 
Messrs. Clarke and Hodgson, 5, Gallow Gate, Leicester. 

The Yorkshire Geological and Polytechnic Society (J. H. Davis, Esq., 
Chevinedge, Halifax). 

The Kent Archaeological Society (Rev. W. A. Scott Robertson, M. A.., 
Throwley Vicarage, Faversham. 

Glasgow Archaeological Society (care of James Maclehose and Co., 
Vincent Street, Glasgow). 



XXXI 



OBTTUARY OF MEMBERS OF THE POWYS-LAND CLUB. 



1869. 

Jan. 29. CHARLES THOMAS WOOSNAM, Esq., Newtown. 

May 23. EDWARD WILLIAMS, Esq., Lloran House, Oswestry. 

1870. 

May 15. Major-General CHARLES THOMAS EDWARD HINDE. 

Oct. 30. Rev. JOHN EDWARDS, M.A., Rector of Newtown. 

Nov. 16. Rev. HARRY LONGUEVILLE JONES, M.A. 

1871. 

Feb. 26. Sir BALDWIN LEIGHTON, Bart., LotonPark, Salop. 

Mar. 3. EDWARD EVANS, Esq., Thorneloe House, Worcester. 

Mar. 24. PRICE BUCKLEY WILLIAMES, Esq., Pennant. 

April 24. GEORGE WOOSNAM, Esq., Newtown. 

June 21. WILLIAM PRYCE YEARSLEY, Esq., Welshpool. 

July 23. ARTHUR JAMES JOHNES, Esq., Garthmyl. 

Dec. 5. JOHN PRYCE DREW, Esq., Milford House, Newtown. 

Dec. 12. Rev. JOSEPH JONES, R. C. Church, Welshpool. 

1872. 

April 28. ROBERT MAURICE BONNOR MAURICE, Esq., Bodynfol. 

Sept. 4. Rev. ROBERT JOHN HARRISON, M.A., Caerhowel. 

1873. 

Nov. 13. JOHN GOUGH NICHOLS, Esq., F.S.A. 

1874. 

April 10. ROBERT DEVEREUX HARRISON, Esq., Fronllwyd, Welshpool. 

Nov. 25. R. H. STURKEY, Esq., Meifod. 

1875. 

Aug. 11. EDWARD WILLIAMS, Esq., of Neuadd faben, Talgarth. 

Nov. 4. THOMAS Bo WEN, Esq., Welshpool. 

1876. 

Jan. 5. Mrs. ANN WARBURTON OWEN, Glansevern. 

Feb. 10. JOSEPH OWEN JONES, Esq., Fron-y-gog. 

May 26. THOMAS TAYLOR GRIFFITH, Esq., Wrexham. 

June 15. JOHN RALPH, first LORD HARLECH, Brogyntyn, Oswestry. 

June 18. Rev. JOHN JUDGE, Leighton Vicarage, Welshpool. 

1877. 

Rev. Canon JENKINS, Llangyniew Rectory, Welshpool. 

April 28. SUDELEY, LORD SUDELEY (Vice-President}. 

1878. 

June 8. The Ven. Archdeacon MORGAN, M.A. 
Aug. 5. JOSEPH HUMPHREYS, Esq., The Court, Dogpole, Shrewsbury 

Dec. 5. THOMAS OWEN MORGAN, Esq., of Aberystwith. 



xxxn 

1879. 

Mar. 28. Eev. ROBERT JONES, B.A., All Saints', Rotherhithe. 

April 29. Rev. JENKIN JONES, M.A., Rector of Cerrig y Druidion. 

Aug. 3. Rev. THOMAS JAMES, LL.D., F.S.A. 

Dec. 12. Rev. J. J. TURNER, M.A. 

1880. 

Jan. 28. Rev. F. H. TOMPSON, Vicar of Chirk, aged 75. 

Mar. 5. Rev. D. PRITCHARD PRITCHARD of Ceniarth. 

April 22. Miss HINDE-LLOYD of Bath. 

June 9. WATKIN WILLIAMS EDWARD WYNNE, Esq., Peniarth. 

1881. 

Feb. 22. Miss JANE DAVIES of Penmaen Dovey. 

Mar. 10. EDWARD BREESE, Esq., F.S.A. , of Pwllhell 

April 22. JOHN SIDES DAVIES, Esq., M.R.C.S., of Oswestry. 

April 26. Rev. Canon ROBERT WILLIAMS, M.A., Rhyd y Croesau. 

Nov. 25. Mrs. PUGH- JOHNSON, Llanerchydol. 

1882. 

Feb. 24. Rev. Canon DAVID WILLIAMS, Castle Caereinion. 

Mar. 26. LEWIS R. PRICE, Esq., 117, St. George's Square, London. 

May 6. Rev. JOSEPH MciNTOSH, M.A., Llanerfyl. 

Nov. 3. JOHN MAURICE HERBERT, Esq., Rocklands, Ross. 

1883. 

Jan. 28. CHARLES PERRIN SMITH, Esq., Trenton, Pennsylvania. 

Mar. 12. Rev. Prebendary DAVIES, M.A., Moor Court, Kington. 

April 27. THOMAS EDYE, Esq., London, aged 92. 

July 15. JOHN BEATTIE, Esq., Shortwood, Teddington Pai-k. 

Dec. 1 JOHN JONES, Esq., Commander R.N., Welshpool. 

1884. 

Jan. 2. OFFLEY MALCOLM CREWE READ, Esq. 

Feb. HENRY DAVIES, Esq., Town Clerk, Oswestry. 

Feb. 10. Col. JOHN PRYCE HARRISON, Cheltenham. 

Sept. 5. JOHN HILDITCH EVANS, Esq., of Bryn Issa, Pershore. 

Nov. 5. The MARQUESS OF LONDONDERRY (Vice-President). 

Dec. 13. Rev. E. H. MAINWARING SLADEN, M.A. 

1885. 

May 9. Sir WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, Bart,, M.P. ( Vice- President}. 

June 3. Rev. Canon WYNNE-EDWARDS, M.A. , Llanrhaiadr Rectory, 

Denbigh. 

Dec. 11 WILLIAM THOMAS PARKER, Esq., Welshpool. 

1886. 

Jan. 26. Ven. Archdeacon FFOULKES, M.A., Whittington. 

Mar. 19. JOHN JONES of Bellan House, Oswestry. 

Mar. 28. BRANSBY WILLIAM POWYS, Esq., London. 

Sept. 19. Mrs. PRYCE, Gunley. 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS AT 
HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



IN the Montgomeryshire Collections for 1884 (vol. xvii, 
p. 137) reference was made to a large number of 
wills at Hereford Registry, dating from 1600 upwards, 
which, though given in an ancient calendar, had been 
inaccessible since the establishment of the Registry ; 
also to those wills dated between 1600 and 1660, 
which, though in bundles and accessible, had yet 
never been arranged nor catalogued in all, about 
16,000 wills, as given by the old calendars. After a 
long correspondence, and many interviews with the 
Registrar at Hereford, the Chief Registrar at Somerset 
House, Sir James Hannen, and the Treasury, it trans- 
pired that the Treasury had at one time contemplated 
the arrangement and cataloguing of these wills ; and 
towards the end of last year (1884) the Registrar at 
Hereford was authorised to have this done at the cost 
of the Treasury. Under this instruction the officials 
set to work, and in the course of six months examined 
every will down to 1600, enclosing it in a separate 
cover, endorsed with the date, name, and parish, and 
placing the wills for each year in a separate bundle. 

I am glad to be able to testify that this work has 
been accomplished with great neatness and accuracy. 
Before completion, however, and while the catalogue of 
the wills was only just commenced, instructions arrived 
from the Treasury to report, which was accordingly 
done ; whereupon the Treasury intimated that suffi- 
cient had been done for the preservation of the docu- 
ments, and the work was stopped. It is to be hoped 
that the Treasury will see its way to complete this 
work, which, with the wills now in order and duly en- 

VOL. XIX. B 



dorsed, would cost but a very small sum. Till this is 
done, the wills may be said to be closed to an ordinary 
search the old calendars not being reliable, and giv- 
ing no parishes or reference to any particular bundle, 
and thus being practically useless. In my own case, 
being desirous of culling out every Montgomeryshire 
will, I determined to endeavour to obtain permission 
to examine every will seriatim, and so make the results 
of a search authoritative, and worthy of publication in 
the Montgomeryshire Collections. 

The readers of these Collections are indebted to Sir 
James Hannen and the Treasury for their ready assent 
to the examination of the wills, and a remission of the 
ordinary fees charged. 

But here, again, these liberal facilities would have 
been useless, had not the Kegistrar at Hereford, and 
Messrs. Earle and Lane, on whom all the trouble and 
responsibility fell, co-operated most cordially, and done 
all in their power to assist the search. The best thanks 
of the Powys-land Club are due to these gentlemen. 
In carrying out this work, I have been more than 
ever drawn to the conclusion in which all county 
Registrars agree viz., that all wills prior to, say, 1700, 
or even later, should be catalogued and arranged, and 
sent, with a duplicate catalogue, to Somerset House or 
the Record Office, where they could be easily acces- 
sible. At present, there is at the county Registries 
neither accommodation for searchers, nor any inducement 
to officials to give facilities for search. Thus it happens 
that the original intention, in view of which these 
wills were left at the county Registries, has been en- 
tirely defeated. Let us hope that the Treasury will 
lose no time about the removal to London of all these 
old wills. The change will benefit both the general 
public and the Registry officials. 

The mere handling of 16,000 wills, and making lists 
of nearly 1,000, with extracts from over 250, was a 
formidable task, as all work had to be done in pencil, 
according to the rules of the Registry, and so had to 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 3 

be written up afresh and corrected in ink each day. 
Fortunately, one of the oldest and ablest of the con- 
tributors to the Montgomeryshire Collections came to 
the rescue, in the person of Mr. E. Rowley Morris. 
With his assistance, volunteered gratuitously, and 
through the generosity of the President (the Earl of 
Powis), and Joseph Evans, Esquire, of Hurst House, 
Prescot, in defraying actual expenses, the work was 
accomplished. 

The authoritative value of this compilation is much 
increased from the intimate knowledge possessed by 
Mr. E. R. Morris (both by their ancient and modern 
names) of the localities referred to in these wills, as 
also of the local history of the district during the 
period covered by them (1550 to 1660), and, I should 
add, his acquaintance with the Welsh language and his 
familiarity with the caligraphy and diction of ancient 
deeds in both Latin and English. 

The original intention of preparing a list of Mont- 
gomeryshire wills only, was varied, as it was seen that 
parties living on the borders of Shropshire intermarried 
much with their neighbours ; and inasmuch as by the 
27th of Henry VIII, which Act, out of certain ancient 
lordships, constituted the county of Montgomery one 
of them being " Clunnesland" (see section 7 of the 
Statute) it was deemed advisable to include Clun, 
Mainstone, and Bettws-y-Crwyn, which were for a few 
years Montgomeryshire parishes. When these parishes 
were transferred to Shropshire 1 is not very clear, but 
Clun first appears in the Shropshire " Lay Subsidy" of 
2-3 Edw. VI (see Indices, Lay Subsidies, Salop, vol. 
Ixix, No. 167-6, at the Record Office). Bishopscastle, 
the More Sneade, and Lydham were also included, for 
the first-stated reason. A few other wills were added 
for special reasons. We have grouped the wills in 
parishes, for the convenience of our readers. 

It occurred to us to take note of the names of clergy 
resident at the various parishes, as given in the wills 
1 See Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 127. 

B 2 



EARLV MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

examined, and this list, though necessarily not com- 
plete, will, we trust, prove interesting. 

The absence of the wills of the wealthier classes is 
very noticeable, and we are driven to the conclusion 
that these are to be found only at Somerset House. 
Many wills, however, mentioned in the old calendars 
are now missing. We conjecture that the absence of 
some may be accounted for as having been removed to 
be produced as evidence in property suits in Chancery. 
As a matter of fact, many wills are to be found in the 
files of Exchequer suits at the Record Office. 

To the philologist, as showing the gradual forms of 
transition in the spelling of many words in common 
use, these wills are specially interesting ; and Mr. E. B,. 
Morris has appended a memorandum on this subject, 
and, generally, on the form-matter of the wills. 

As specimens of these ancient wills we have tran- 
scribed at full length four, viz., the wills of 

1518. Koger Whitehouse of Evesland. 

1542. Lowre, v. leu'n (wife of Owen ap D'd), Churclistoke. 

1598. Elen, v. Lewis, vid., Churchstoke. 

1618. John Lloyd of Aston. 

Very full extracts have also been given of some wills 
of families whose pedigrees and history have appeared 
in the Collections, with a few references to the Collec- 
tions. I may here mention that we have been favoured 
by Joseph Evans, Esq., of Hurst House, Prescot, with 
the perusal of some forty-eight original deeds, dating 
from 1482 to 1824, referring to lands at Hurdley and 
Churchstoke, formerly the property of a branch of the 
Evans family. These documents have remained in the 
family, and been kept together and handed down till 
they came into the hands of their present owner from 
Miss Evans of Montgomery, the late owner of Hurdley 
Hall. These deeds we propose to collate, with con- 
temporary wills from the same district, and at some 
future time to give the readers of the Collections the 
result of our work. For convenience in reference, the 
wills are grouped in parishes, instead of chronologically. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 5 

The parishes and localities given in the list corre- 
spond with the endorsements at the Registry. The 
dates given are the dates given on the endorsements, 
being those of the making of the will, in the earlier 
part of the list. About 1600 the proof notes are added, 
and the endorsements then show the date of probate. 
In the early wills, the testator usually describes him- 
self as " sick in body", and probably made the will 
shortly before his death. We feel that no apology is 
necessary in offering these lists of wills and extracts. 
As a source of personal history, and as a basis for pedi- 
grees, no documents are equal in authority to these 
early wills. Should we be able at some future time to 
give lists of early Montgomery wills at Somerset 
House and Carmarthen, the Powys-land Club will 
then possess an accurate account of all early wills be- 
longing to the county, and the various depositories 
where they are to be found. 

H. L. SQUIRES. 



NOTE 

On the Form, Matter of, and Peculiarities observed in some of 
the early Wills examined at Hereford. 

As a rule, the wills are not signed by the testators. 
Numerous persons appear to have been present when 
the will of the testator was "declared", as they affixed 
their signatures to the document ; and I observed that 
devisees were frequently, among others, witnesses. 
Especially in the earlier wills, I noticed that a schedule 
of the debts due by the testator, as well as a schedule 
of moneys owing to the testator, was appended to the 
will, and frequently persons owing money to him 
affixed their names as witnesses to the latter schedule. 
Among the witnesses it was usual to find the name of 
the person who had charge of the parish as a cleric. 
In a few early instances he describes himself as " Pryst", 
occasionally as "Ghostly Father", also as "Vicar", or 



6 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

" Curat", but usually as "Clearcke", or "Clerke". The 
greater number of the 16,000 wills which passed 
through our hands are written on sheets of rough 
paper, the character and style of the caligraphy being 
that of persons who could not be described as pro- 
fessors of the art of writing, as then practised ; hence 
some of the wills were difficult to decipher-, on account 
of the indecision of the draughtsman in the formation 
of the characters. The condition of the documents was 
unexpectedly good ; occasionally, the margins of some 
of them were in a bad condition, from exposure to the 
damp ; but we did not meet with many instances where 
we failed to make out the obliterated words by means 
of the context. A few of the wills were engrossed on 
parchment, and some were fine specimens of writing. 
One of the peculiarities observed was, that nearly all 
the names of persons mentioned in the wills, as well as 
the names of the witnesses to the wills, were written 
after the Welsh mode, namely, John ap leu'n, Thomas 
ap D'd, etc. ; in all the early cases, and most of the 
later, the wife of the testator was described as Verch 
of John ap lorwerth, etc. ; and where we met with 
wills made by widows, they never referred to the 
surname of the husband, but described the testatrix 
as Elen, verch Davydd, widow of John ap Thomas, 
etc. 

It would be useless to refer to the many singular 
bequests we noticed; but I may say that cattle, sheep, 
lambs, oxen, horses, pigs, ducks, poultry, corn, seed- 
corn, were constantly met with; and in the case of live 
stock, the colour and age were frequently given ; very 
frequently a money equivalent in lieu of the particular 
bequest of stock was inserted, to be taken at the option 
of the devisee. We met with many instances where 
cattle, kept out at ley on shares, were left as bequests. 
I remember one instance, in a Churchstoke will, where 
the cattle so devised were then being kept at a place 
in the parish of Aberhafesp. This custom is still not 
uncommon in some parts of Wales. Among the 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 7 

" household gods", the most cherished appear to have 
been the "Great Brazen Potte", the "little Brazen Potte", 
the "little Coffer", " Salt Sellars", "fedder beds", " hem- 
pen sheets", and various articles of clothing. These were, 
in many instances, devised to persons named, and their 
heirs. In more than one instance I noticed a " Brazen 
potte" bequeathed to a daughter and her heirs ; failing 
heirs to the first devisee, it was devised specifically to 
a second named person. 

In the wills made by widows, most of the property 
(which was usually personal) was left to daughters or 
their children. 

In the early wills there was usually a sum of money 
(small in amount at the period, but, measured by its 
present equivalent, it was not so small as it appears) 
left to the church of the parish in which the testator 
lived, and another sum left to the " Mother Church at 
Hereford". In numerous wills certain specified num- 
bers of " tapirs" were directed to be burnt at the obse- 
quies of the testator, as well as sums of money to be 
devoted to praying for the "soul" of the testator, for the 
"souls" of his father and mother, and all "Christel" 
souls ; and, more rarely, sums of money were bequeathed 
to pay for " Masses" and " dirges". I noticed that these 
bequests were made by persons living in the parish of 
Buttington at a later period than in any other parish 
that came under our inspection. 

Perhaps one of the most interesting studies in con- 
nection with these wills would be the mode of spelling, 
showing, as it would, how tenaciously the transi- 
tional forms lingered among the people of these dis- 
tricts namely, Buttington, Forden, Montgomery, Chir- 
bury, Churchstoke, Mainstone, Bettws-y-Crwyn, Clun, 
Bishop's Castle, Lydham, the More Sneade, and 
Hyssington. Had time permitted, an extensive collec- 
tion of words might have been extracted ; and if the 
examination had extended to the more southern parts 
of Shropshire and Herefordshire generally, other words 
would probably have been found, differing, in many 



8 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

respects, from the few which I append, as ' seke', sick ; 
' yere', year ; 'bodye', body the final "e" in nouns like 
the above ran pretty well through the whole period ; 

* hole', whole, 'hole in mind'; 'mynd', mind; 'wyll', 
will ; ' fforme', form ; ' bequeth', bequeath ; ' sowle', 
soul; ' heven', heaven ; ' chauncell', chancel ; 'brenne', 
burn ; ' yock', yoke of oxen ; ' color', ' redde', ' shepe', 
' dowblett', ' hosen' these all occurred in the 1519 will, 
Eresland, county of Hereford. Churchstoke, 1542 
' rnynd', * hole', ' sekelye', sickly ; ' seid', said. Chir- 
bury, 1558 ' syke', 'nolle', wholly; c sowlle', ' seynt', 
' Marie', ' Virgyn', ' hollie', holy company of Heaven ; 

* thretty', thirty ; ' fower', four ; ' dette', debt ; ' owy- 
inge', owing ; 'pi eg', pledge; 'wyffe', wife. Church- 
stoke, 1551 ' syke' and ' seke', ' eyres', heirs; ' Elsa- 
bethe'. Churchstoke, 1559 'whome', home ; 'geve', 
give ; ' yere', ' hyrs', heirs ; ' medow', ' howse', ' Ales', 
Alice. 1566, Montgomery ' wyffe', ' Curat', ' Clerke'. 
1555, Buttington ' branne', burn ; ' Chresto', Christ ; 
' puges', pigs. 1563 'Caufe', calf; 'whome', 'wief, 
'aige', age. 1589, Montgomery. 1582 'eche', each; 
' sheede', seed ; ' ote', oat ; * witte', that is, 'to witte = 
to say; 'oxon', 'kowe', ' ymplemente', 'duble', double; 
' doughter', ' sone', son ; ' rey', rye ; ' clocke', clock ; 
' wheate', ' yong', ' swyne', ' gonder', ' wyfe', ' coke' 
(three hens and one coke), ' fealde', field ; ' fildes', fields; 
' g ra y ne 'j ' nomynat', ' aucthorize'. This list might 
have been indefinitely extended, had time permitted. 

The lists of names connected with the wills will indi- 
cate the transition from the Welsh form, such as John 
ap leu'n to John Evans ; and it was noticed that the 
Welsh form lingered to a later period among the hills 
and the remote spots than in the valleys. Several in- 
stances were noticed of two children in the same family 
having the same Christian name; but this was common 
all over the country up to the period of Elizabeth (see 
Simis, p. 355). The wives seem to have retained their 
father's patronymic, as they are universally described 
in these wills as " Jane, verch John ap Davydd", etc. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 9 

This Welsh vocable, verch, whether the wills were in- 
dited in Latin or English, is always used to describe 
"daughter"; from which, added to the fact that parcels 
of land, where described, are usually so described by 
Welsh names, it might be inferred that the common 
language of these districts at that period was Welsh. 
In many of the wills there was plenty of evidence in- 
dicating that the old form of religion lingered among 
the people long after the time of Henry the Eighth. 

E. K. MORRIS. 



SPECIMEN OF THE WILLS. 

1518. The Will of Roger Whithouse of Eresland. 

In the name of God, Amen, the yere of o'r Lord God a m 
ccccc xviij. I, Roger Whithouse of Eresland, seke in my Bodye 
& hole in mynd, and of good remembraunce, make my testament 
and last wyll in man' and fforme folowing. Item, ffirste, I 
bequeth my soule unto Allmighty God, o'r Lady Seynt Marye, 
and to all the holy companye of heven. My bodye to be 
buried in the Chauncell of o'r Lady Churche of Eresland. 
Item, I bequeth to the newe .... of the cathedral churche of 
Hereford, xijc?. Item, I wyll that vi tapirs shall brenne 
aboute my bodye at my obsequies. Item, I bequeth to Hugh 
Deykens a yock of oxen, colo'r redde. Item, I bequeth to the 
saide Hugh vij shepe, with my best ornament .... asagowne, 
a Jackett, a dowblett, hosen, cappe, and hatte. Item, I bequeth 
unto the said Hugh iij acres of Arable lande, ij lying in the 
Lordship of Hynton, and the iij being in the Lordeship of 
Eresland. Item, I bequeth unto the said Hugh a close faste 
by the church yarde, called Grybelles. Item, I bequeth unto 
John Lawe a gowne, colo'r vyolett. Item, I bequeth to Elyano'r, 
my servant, a payre of .... and vij of money for wagys ; the 
resydewe of all my goods not bequethed I yelde and bequeth 
unto William Hakluyt, to bring me home, and pay eny dette, 
and to bestowe for the welth of my sowle and all Xtian sowles, 
which William Hakeluyt I order and make myn executor by 
this p'sent, written the ij day of January, in witnesse of Hugh 
Deykyns, Edward Grene, and Dyvers others, the day and yere 
above written. 



10 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

1542 (parchment). Will ofLowre, verch leu'nn (wife of Owen 
ap David), ChurchstoJce. 

In dei no'i'e D'ne, the xxviij day of the moneth of June, anno 
D'm'ni 1542. I, llowre, Verch leu'nn, wife to Owen ap D'd, hole 
of mynde and p'fecte memorie, feliynge my bodye sekelye, by 
the free will, mynd, and consent of my seid husband, do make 
my testament and last will in this fforme following. Imprimis, 
I bequeth my Sowle to Almyghtie God, to his blessed mother 
.... I have pledged my howse that is in Teoddly and one 
pasture called Stotkyn to Katryn, verch Howell, for iijli. ; the 
sayd Katryn bequethed the sayd iijli. to Katryn, verch Owen, 
and soe likewise I alsoe pledged the house I live in and the 
lands that belong thereto to Lewis Jones, Constable of Bishops 
Castle, for vijli. : 8 : 4 ; and of the said sum I have received 
ivli. : 6 : 8, and there remayneth in the said Lewis's hands 
v marks. 

I bequeth the howse and the lands I dwell upon to Rynallt 
ap Umffre the town side the way as the howse stands from 
Churchstoke ; and the said Bynallt shall pay Lewis Jones 
vijli. : 8 : 4, if the said Lewis will pay the said v marks, to 
make out the said sum of viili. : 8 : 4. In case the said Lewis 
does not pay the said v marks, then I leave the said sum of 
v marks upon the said howse and land to bury me, and the said 
Bynallt to pay the said v marks. I leave all the lands that I 
have on the other side the way as the Kyll (?) stands, unto 
Lewis ap Owen, Thomas ap Owen, and Edward ap Owen, to be 
divided betwixt them. [She left her lands in Hussinton to 
Reynallt ap Umffre in part, and in part to the above Lewis, 
Thomas, and Edward ap Owen.] 

Item, I doe take in charge upon my soul that I never made 
deliver of seisin, or gave ffeoffment of the lands to my ffirst 
husband, Umffre Mydleton. Executors. Owen ap D'd, Beynallt 
Umffre, Thomas ap Owen, Lewis ap Owen, and Edward ap 
Owen. Supervisors. Griffith ap John, David ap John ap 
Howell. Witnesses. D'd ap Madocke, Curat, John ap D'd 
Goch, leu'nn ap Griffith ap John ap D'd. 



1598. Elen, verch Lewis, widow, late wife of Howell ap John, 

Churchstoke. 

[As this will exhibits the average bequests generally found in 
wills made by the women, I have extracted it in extenso.] 
In the name of God, Amen ! the 27th day of January, Anno 

d'm'i 1598. I, Elen, verch Lewis, of the parishe of Churchstoke, 

in the diocese of Hereford, widowe, late wyfe of Hywell ap 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 11 

John, deceased, sicke in body, but of a good and p'fect remem- 
braunce, doe make this my last will and testament in mann' 
and forme followinge, that is to witte ffirst, I doe comend 
my soule to Allmightie God and Jesus Christe, my maker and 
redeemer, and my body to be buried in Christian buriall. 
Item, I geve and demise unto Elizabeth, my doughter, my two 
oxon, one kowe, collor blacke, and all howsehold stufie and 
ymplements of howshold whatsoever, w'ch lately were to me 
devised by my said husband, savinge and excepting one payer 
of hempen sheete and one duble canwas, w'ch I geve and 
devise unto Grace, my doughter. Item, I geve and devise unto 
the said Grace one kowe. Item,, I geve and devise unto Eliza- 
beth, my said doughter, and Richard my sone, eight sheepe, 
equally to be devided between them. Item, I geve and demise 
unto John ap Lewis, my brother, one bushell of barley, one 
bushell of rey, and one bushell of sheede ote. 

Item, I geve and devise unto Richard ap Lewis, my brother, 
two bushell of rey, and my said husband's best stocke (prclocke). 
Item, I geve and bequeath unto Edmund, my brother, three 
bushells of ote. Item, I geve and devise unto Jane, verch 
leu'nn, my aunt, halfe one bushell of wheate. Item, I geve and 
demise unto David ap leu'uu one yonge swyne or giltte, and one 
other yonge swyne or gilte unto the said Edmund, my brother. 
Item, I geve and devise unto Elizabeth, my doughter, two 
geese and a gonder. Item, I geve and bequeath unto Ane, 
my brother John's wyfe, three ducks and a drake, and three 
hens and a coke. Item, I geve and devise unto Margaret, 
verch Richard, my brother Richard's doughter, three hens 
and a coke. Item, I geve and devise all my corne and 
grayne nowe growinge or beinge in and upon the fealde or 
fildes in Bacheltre, in the countie of Montgomery, the one half 
thereof Rerid, my sone, and the other half thereof unto the 
said Elizabeth, my said doughter, and Richard, my sone. 
Item, I geve and demise all the rest of my corne and grayne 
in the barne unbequeathed or undemised, unto the use of the 
said Elizabeth, my doughter, and Richard, my sonne. Item, 
1 doe ordeyne, consitute, nomynatt, and aucthorize the said 
John ap Lewis, my brother, my sole and lawfull Executor, and 
do nomminate and appoint Ririd ap Howell, my sonne, and 
Richard ap Lewis, my brother, overseers, to see this my last 
will and testament performed. 

These being witness, THOMAS MATTHEWS, 

RICHARD HOWLEY, et 
MARGARET, verch leu'nn ap Ric'd, 
w'th others. 



12 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



% 1618. John Lloyd of Aston, Lydham. 

[N.B. The portions of this Will left blank are illegible or 

torn off.] 

.... Amen, the 7th of July, in the year of the reign of our 
sovereign Lord James, by the grace of God, of England .... 
Lord King, defender of the fayth, etc., that is to say, in the 
16th year of his ma'ts reign, of England, France, Ireland . . . 
of Scotland, and in the year of our Lord God from his incarna- 
tion, 1618, according computation of the Church of 

England. I, John Lloyd of Aston, in the parish of Lydom, in 
the dioces of Hereford, gent, sicke in .... p'fect mynde 
and memorie, doe make, publish, and declare this my laste will 

and testam't in manner and form following, videl't my 

soul to my redeemer Christ, and my body to Christiane buriall, 
there to rest in certen hope of resurrection to everlasting 
host 

I, .... bequeath and devise unto Katheryn, my wyef, the 
house and tenem't wherein I nowe doe dwell, " w't appurte- 
nances" ',* situated and being in Aston ... tie of Montgomery, 
and all that sev'll close or p'cell of pasture grounde called 
Sycrbenhud loge, and all that p'cell of pasture grounde .... 
all that parcel called (y cluthame) and the orchard adjoyning 
to the said howse, and all that close called the .... Also 
with all that medowe or p'cell of medowe ground called the 
Hounds, with all their appurtenances appertaining. All which 
.... closes, p'cells of land, groundes, and premises are 
situate, lyinge, and beinge in or within the said Township .... 
Lordship of the 3 Towns, alias TiertreS-Escobb, in the said 
countie of Montgomery, or reputed and taken to be in the said 
Countie. To have .... the said tenement howse, orchard, 
closes, and inclosures, and p'celles of pasture, groundes, and 
all other the said p'mises, with their appurtenances, unto . . . 
my wife and her assigns, for and during the terme of her 
natural lyef, for toward and in recompense of her dower and 
thirds of and in my land. And in consideration of the sev'll 
legacies and bequests by me hereby given or bequeathed, and 
to the end and intent the same may be duely truly raysed and 
payd according to the true intente and meanynge of this my 
will and testam't, I doe geve, devise, and bequeath unto and 
to Elizabeth Lloyd .... and daughter of John Lloyd of 

1 These words underlined in the will. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 13 

London, freeman, All and singuler my messuage, lands and 
tenem'ts, edefices, buildings, howses, outhowses, orchards, 
gardens, medowes, leasowes, pastures, feedinge closes, in- 
closures, pastures, p'celles of lands, woodes, underwoods, 
comons, comon of all pasture, rents, and hereditaments with 
them, Eights, members and appurtenances whatsoever, whereof 
or in the which /, the said John Lloyd, have any estate 

of inheritance, situate and being in Aston aforesaid, in 

or within the said Lordship of the Three Toivnes, alias Tirtreff- 

Escobb, in the said countie of Montgomery, as 

except ("to the said Katherine" interlined) the forsaid tenem't, 
howse, orchard, closes, inclosures, p'celles of pasture groundes, 
medowe grounde, and premises before, in, and by this my will 
and testament devised unto Kateryn, my said wife, for terme 
of her life natural only. To have and to hold all and singular the 
said messuage, lands, edifices, buildings, howses, outhowses, 
orchards, gardens, entillages, medow leasowes, pastures, fead- 
ing closes, inclosures, p'celles of lands, woodes .... to her 
the aforesaid p'misses and hereditaments, and every parte and 
parcell thereof, with their and every of their rights, members, 
and appurtenances, except .... excepted during the life 
natural of the said Katherine only, unto and to the use and 
behouff of the said Elizabeth Lloyd and her assignes for terme 
of natural life, and from, and after her decease to the use and 
behouffe of the heirs of the said Elizabeth Lloyd lawfully be- 
gotten, or to be lawfully begotten, for ever. And in defaulte 
of suche issue or heirs, then to the use and behouffe of my 
nephewe, Hughe Lloyd of London, and of the heirs of his body 
begotten, for ever; and in default of such issue or heirs, then to 
the use and behoofe of my son John Lloyd, and of the heirs of 
his body lawfully begotten, or to be begotten, for ever. And 
in default of such issue or heirs, then to the use and behouffe 
of the said John Lloyd of London, Scrivener, my nephew, and 
the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, or to be begotten, for 
ever. And in default of such issue or heirs, the remainder 
thereof to the right heir of me, the said John Lloyd, for ever. 
To houlde of the chief Lorde or Lordes of the fee or fees thereof, 
by the rents and . . . thereof due, and of my right accustomed ; 
provided allways, and it is my will, true intent, and meaning, 
that is, if the said Elizabeth Lloyd and her heires, Hugh Lloyd 
and his heires, or any of them, shall, will, or doe, at any tyme 
or tymes, hereafter give, sell, or convey away the said messuage, 
lands, tenements, hereditaments, and premises hereby given 
and devised, or any parte thereof, to any person or persons 



14 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



whatever, .that then my said son John Lloyd shall have the sum 
of 100 of lawful money of England, to be had and raised, 
and to him truly paid, out of my said lands and hereditaments, 
without fraud or covin. 

Item, I give, devise, and bequeath unto the said John 
Lloyd, Scrivener, 10, to be paid within 3 years of my decease ; 
10 to the said Hugh, to be paid within 5 years ; 10 to sonne 
John, wi'hin one year ; also an annuity of 2 a year. To sou 
John, 2 Kyne ; to Catherine, wife, one coffer and one brasse pot j 
To Elisabeth, daughter-in-law, one cow. 

Lewis ap John or his assigns to have all the house and lands 
granted to him for three years, paying 7 13s. per annum rent ; 
to John Howells, clerk, 10s. ; to my brother, Lewis Lloyd, 
all the rest and residence of household goods and chattels not 
by this will bequeathed to Elizabeth Lloyd. To Sister Blanche 
5s. (?) of current money; to John Davies, 12d. ; David Wynn, 
12fl; Lewis ap David, I2d. ; Joseph Munslow, 12d.; John ap 
Evan, 12d.; Margaret ap David, 12 pence sterlinge. Lewis 
Lloyd, " loving brother", and Philip Speake of Tregonan 
(Tregynon), Executors. 

Witnesses. John Howell, John Edward, David John, John 
ap Evan, Thomas Matthews, Scr. 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS AT HEREFORD 
REGISTRY. 

CHURCHSTOKE. 



No. 


Year. 




1 


1542 


^Lowrie, v. leu'n, wife of Owen ap D'd 


2 


1543 


e Edmund ap Cadwalladr 


3 




e John ap Robyn 


4 


1545 


e John ap Davydd Goch 


5 




e Kadwaladr ap John ap Robyu 


6 


1547 


e John D'd ap Madoc 


7 




John D'd ap Madoc 


8 


1548 


e Davydd ap John 


9 


1550 


e Hewgh ap Thomas 


10 




e Kywalider ap Owen ap John 


11 




e Griffith ap John 


12 




e John ap Griffith ap Meiricke 



1 The letter "e" is appended to those Wills from which extracts 
are given infra (see p. 35). 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



15 



No. 


Year. 






13 




Richard Davys 




14 


1551 


e Rich'd ap David 




15 




e Griffith ap Davydd 




16 


1552 


Margaret Tedsyll 




17 


1556 


e John ap D'd ap Dio 




18 


1557 


David (?) 




19 


1558 


e Annest, v. Robert, vid. of Thomas 


Hurdley 


20 




e Edward ap David Vaughan 




21 




e Howell ap Moris 




22 


1559 


e Owen ap Meyricke 




23 




Hugh ap Rees 




24 




e Morgan ap Griffith 




25 


1560 


e Meredith ap Gryffith 




26 




John Yoppe 




27 




Thomas Amys 




28 


1561 


e Rycharde D'd ap Meyricke 




29 




e Ryce ap Cawalladr 




30 


1562 


Tho's Barnfield 




30a 


1564 


e Katerin, v. John 




31 


1566 


e Edmond D'd Llo. (Lloyd t) 




32 


1567 


Rich'd Chrystor 




33 




e Howell ap Owen ap John 




34 




e Hughe ap Howell 




35 




e Cad'r ap Owen ap J. 




36 


1568 


e Lewis ap John 




37 




e Wylyam ap Wyllyams of Plas Madoc 


38 


1569 


e leu'n ap Meredeth 




39 


1570 


e Robert Downe 




40 


1571 


e John Wylks 




41 


1572 


e Johan, v. leu'n 




42 


1574 


Roland Clerke 




43 


1577 


Thomas Carpenter 




44 




e Richard ap John Owen 




45 


1578 


Katherine, v. John Roberte 




46 


1579 


e Edmond ap Llewelyn 




47 


1580 


e Laurence Wormston 




48 




e Gruff ap John Wyn 




49 




e Griffith ap leu'n 




50 




e Catherine Wigmore, alias Cadd'r 




51 


1581 


e Kateryn, v. John 




52 




e Laurence ap John ap Griffithe 




53 




e Margaret, the wife of Thomas ap John 


54 




John Turner 




55 




Richard Turner 




56 




e Thomas ap Owen ap David 




57 




e John Brown 





16 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



No. 


Year. 




58 


1582 


e Richard Griffith Hurdley 


59 




. e Florence, v. M'dedd 


60 




e Hugh Patrick 


61 




e Golen, v. Meredydd 


62 


1584 


Thomas Fermer 


63 




e Lewis ap Moris 


64 


1586 


John Wyllyams 


65 




e John ap Edward 


66 




Rich'd Carpenter 


67 


1589 


Hugh Burley 


68 


1591 






-93 


Griffith ap Robert 


69 


1591 


e Rich'd ap John ap Howell 


70 




e Robert ap Griffith 


71 




e Moris Cadwaladr 


72 




e Howell ap Edward 


73 




e Howell ap Owen 


74 




Thomas Geares 


75 




e John ap Lewis, Weston 


76 




e David Cadwallader 


77 


1593 


William Jonnes 


78 


1595 


Griffith ap John David Goch 


79 




e Thomas Beddos 


80 




e Ell'nor Rees 


81 




e Griffith ap Owen, clerk and curate of Churchstoke 


82 


1596 


Owen ap Howell 


83 




Edward David ap Howell 


84 




Elizabeth, v. Matthew 


84 


1598 


e Watkin ap Edmund 


85 




e David ap Owen 


86 


1599 


Lowrie Gittins 


87 


1600 


e Richard ap Lewis 


88 




Griff, ap David 


89 




e Maurice ap Evan Gough 


90 


1603 


e Edmund ap Howell 


91 


1605 


e Catherine Powell, alias v. Meredith, vid., of Weston 






Madoc 


92 




Rees Yfoord 


93 




e John ap Edward, alias Matthew 


94 


1607 


e Robert Turner 


95 


1608 


Lucy Middleton, vid. 


96 




e John ap Cadwaladr 


97 




e William Turner 


98 


1609 


e Howell ap John ap Cadwaladr 


99 


1611 


John ap Oliver 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



No. 


Year. 




100 


1611 


e John Mylles, "Rustock" 


101 




e Robert ap John 


102 


1612 


John Harrie 


103 


1615 


William ap John 


104 




Richard ap John 


105 




John ap William 


106 


1617 


e John ap Edmond 


107 


1618 


e Griffith ap Cadwaladr 


108 


1619 


e Howell ap Lewis 


109 


1620 


John Ward 


110 




John Davies 


111 


1622 


Thomas Brown 


112 


1623 


e Catherine Lewis 


113 




e Elizabeth Lloyd 


114 


1624 


e John ap Lewis 


115 


1626 


Richard ap Hugh, Brompton 


116 




John ap Richard 


117 


1627 


John ap Owen 


118 


1628 


Richard Price 


119 




John Midleton 1 


120 




Thomas Gwilt 


121 


1629 


Lewis ap John Cadwaladr 


122 




Jane ap Richard 


123 


1630 


Elianora Clarke, vid., Bacheltre 


124 


1631 


Richard ap Humphrey 


125 




Catherine ap Evan 


126 




e Edward Morgan 


127 




John Edwards, Brompton 


128 




e John ap John 


129 


1632 


e John Brown 


130 




Richard Hicks 


131 


1633 


William Farmer 


132 


1636 


James Richards 


133 




Joanne Pitway 


134 


1637 


e John Lewis Cadwaladr of Hopton (Kerry) 


135 


1641 


e Richard ap David 


136 




Margaret Nicholas 


137 


1638 


e David Powell Weston, gent. 



L. S., 6 Jas. I, paid for Churchstoke (voluntary aid) iiijd. 



VOL. XtX. 



18 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



CLUN. 



No. 


Year. 




138 


1548 


Anne Bengogh 


139 




e Sir Rich'd ap Gryffyth, clerk 


140 




Lewes ap Ryce, Meuthon 


141 


1550 


Julian Whyte 


142 




John ap Howell 


143 


1555 


e Gryffithe College 


144 




John ap Wem (? Wyn) 


145 


1556 


Rees ap Meredydd 


146 




Owen ap David 


147 


1558 


e Thomas Penne 


148 


1561 


John ap David 


149 


1562 


e Rich'd Roberts 


150 




Howell ap John Sayre 


151 


1563 


Alis ap John 


152 


1564 


John Williams 


153 


1565 


John ap David 


154 


1566 


W'm Rysbage 


155 




Gryffith ap David 


156 




e Meredydd ap Llewelyn 


157 


1567 


Morgan ap Howell 


158 


1569 


Meredith (?) 


159 




William ap leu'n 


160 




leu'n Jenks, the new Chappell 


161 


1570 


Roger Taylor 


162 




Gwen Whither (Gwenhwyfar ?) David, vid. 


163 


1571 


Thomas ap Meredith, husbandman 


164 


1572 


Katherine Russell 


165 




Owen ap Rees 


166 


1573 


Matthew Beynon 


167 


1579 


Harry Pryce 


168 


1581 


William ap John 


169 




Griffith Glace (Glas = blue) 


170 


1582 


William ap John, Bickton 


171 




John Boyden " of the Niew Castle" 


172 




Hugh ap Henry, Obley 


173 




Peter Bailie, Bicton 


174 


1583 


Morris ap Robert 


175 




Johane Hopyand 


176 


1584 


John ap Meredith 


177 




Edward Tomlynes 


178 




Harrye ap Moris Goch 


179 


1585 


e Rich'd ap Griffith 


180 


1587 


Owen ap Harry 


181 


1589 


e John ap Griffith, Spode 


182 




Agnes David 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



19 



No. 


Year. 






183 


1589 


Thomas Wickes 




184 


1590 


Watmore 




185 




John ap Beynion 




186 


1591 


George Macklen 




187 


1593 


Andrewe ap Howell 




188 




Jane Phillpott 




189 


1593 


Thomas Harp, Gilden 


Downe 




-94 






190 


1595 


Reginold Syery 




191 




Catherine ap (?) 




192 


1596 


Robert Jones 




193 


1598 


Roger Colbeche 




194 




John Richards 




195 


1600 


Evan ap Howell ap R 


368 


196 


1602 


Edward Beyham 




197 


1604 


Griffith ap Howell 




198 




John ap Owen 




199 




Lawrence Thomas 




200 




Owen ap Jevan 




201 


1605 


John ap Owen 




202 








203 




Christopher Bason 




204 




Humphrey Rusbeck 




205 


1606 


Hugh Harris 




206 


1607 


John Lawe 




207 


1608 


Thomas Richard 




208 


1611 


John Edwards 




209 




e John Bowen Rees 




210 




Thomas ap John 




211 


1612 


Matthew ap Howell 




212 




Robert Jones 




213 




Matthew ap Howell G 


och 


214 


1614 


Richard Hughes 




215 




Maurice Spode 




216 




John Marchant 




217 


1615 


William Higgins 




218 




John Jonde 




219 




John ap Matthew 




220 




Thomas Stoke 




221 


1616 


William Parslow 




222 




John ap Bowell 




223 


1617 


Richard Barrington 




224 


1618 


e Harreye ap Griffith 




225 




e John ap John 




226 




John ap Lewis 




227 


1620 


Lewis Colbach 




228 




William Wall 





c2 



20 



EAKLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



No. 


Year. 




229 


1620 


Alice Boyden 


230 


1622 


John ap Howell 


231 


1623 


Evan ap Owen 


232 


1624 


Thomas Lawrence 


233 




Rowland ap Robert 


234 




Edward Bowen 


235 


1626 


Thomas Spender 


236 




William Wigmore - 


237 


1629 


John Matthew 


238 


1630 


Thomas Andrews 


239 




Henry Edwards 


240 


1631 


Thomas Collins 


241 




Henry Gillow 


242 




Thomas Gittins 


243 


1633 


John ap David 


244 




John Meredith Lellow of Whitcot, Kyset 


245 




Griffith Powell 


246 




Rees ap Owen, Whitcot, Kyset 


247 




Edmund Gittoes 


248 


1634 


Gwenllian ap Rees 


249 




Davydd ap William 


250 




Robert Atkinson 


251 


1636 


John ap Lewis 


252 




Robert Powell 


253 




Edward Griffiths 


254 




Roger Whitt 


255 




John Bowen 


256 




Lauucelot Saunders 


257 




Thomas Mil ward 


258 


1638 


e Hugh ap Evan of Whitcot 


259 




John Rolens of Kempton 


260 




Matilda ap Andrew 


261 




John Williams 


262 




Thomas Jackson 


263 




Thomas Glace 


264 


1639 


Richard Perker 


265 




Launcelot Wooderall 


266 




Henry Thomas 


267 


1641 


Roger Browne, Gyldendown 


268 




Charles Edwards 


269 




Simon Thomas 


270 


1642 


Charles Harley 


271 




Robert Law 


272 


1644 


Robert James 


273 


1646 


William Edwards 


274 




Elizabeth Edwards 


275 




Richard Edwards 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



21 



CHIRBURY. 



No. 


Year. 




276 


1520 


John Watnall, husbandman, Marton 


277 


1543 


e John Walter Robart of Wylmyngton 


278 




e John ap William 


279 


1544 


e Owen ap Owen 


280 


1545 


e Margaret, v. Richard, vid. 


281 




Sybly Nycols, Stokton 


282 


1548 


e John Thomas 


283 




Gwenhwyfar ap leu'n, Stockton 


284 


1550 


Margaret Daywyn, vid. 


285 


1551 


e John ap David 


286 


1556 


Thomas Wattby 


287 


1558 


e John ap Humphrey, Marton 


288 




e David Lloyd 


289 


1559 


e David Bray, Marton 


290 




e Hughe Braye, Wyllmyngton 


291 


1562 


e Catherine ap John 


292 




e John Alderell, the elder 


293 


1563 


e Joes, v. Howell 


294 


1565 


e Luce Powels 1 


295 




e Ellen Taylor 


296 


1568 


Leonard Crompe 


297 




e Richard Braye, husbandman 


298 


1569 


e Robert ap Matthew, Marton 


299 


1574 


Jeukin ap Davyd, husbandman 


300 


1575 


e Matthew ap Llewellin, Marton 


301 


1577 


e Hughe ap Gryffythe 


302 




e Davyd ap Rys, yeoman 


303 




Thomas Burle 


304 


1579 


e Margaret Phillips of Rorringtou 






(Petition Vide note in "Extracts".) 


305 


1580 


e John ap Meredydd of Dudston 


306 




e Phillip Middleton 


307 


1581 


Phillip Speake, Sneade 


308 




Edward Yappe 


309 


1582 


e Richard Beynion 


310 


1583 


e Phillippe Dudlycke 


311 


1585 


e Thomas Aid well, Timberth 


312 


1589 


Edwarde ap Hughe, Rorrington 


313 




e John ap Hugh, Dudston 


314 




e Humphrey Penne, Stockton 


315 


1590 


John ap Edward, Marton 


316 




e John ap leu'n Braye 


317 


1591 


Dorothy ap Hughe, vid. 



1 Porter, in printed list, Mont. Coll., vol. xvii, p. 141. 



22 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



(?) Bennett (male) 

Morys Dycher 
e John Aldwell, the younger, of Timberth and Ruston 

Matthew Malor 
e John Smeethes, Rorrington 
e Jenkin Aldwell 

Richard Gough, Marton 
e John Smithes 
e Oliver Vechan 

Elizabeth Edwards 

David Bennett, Willmington 
e Watken ap Edmund 

Ellen, verch Lewis 
e Henry Speake 

Dorothy Smith, Weston 
e John ap Oliver of Hockleton 

John ap Edward 

Harry ap Hugh 

John Baugh David 
e John Aldwell, Tymberth 
e Hugh Aldwell, Wynsbury 

Oliver Phillips 
e Mawd Evans 1 

e William Carver of Harrington 
e Elizabeth Walters 
e Oliver Redge (? of Chirbury) 

Thomas Keysell of Comersone Ockleton 
e John ap Evan 
e Walter Roberts 
e Thomas Aldwell 

Henry Bennett 
e John Gethin 

John Lawrence 
e Richard Penne, Stockton 

Richard Lloyd, Harrington 2 
e David Smith, Harton 

William Adney 
e Oliver Aldwell 
e Oliver Bray, Dudston 

Richard Heynes 

Robert Jones 



1 Hawd Evans was the widow of Richard Evans of Chirbury, gent., 
and the sister of Richard Lloyd (352a), Sheriff, 1616. (Vide Mont. 
Sheriffs, p. 399.) 

2 This will (352a) was in existence at the Registry in 1872, but 
was missing at the time of my search in 1885. 



No. 


Year. 


318 


1591 


319 




320 


1592 


321 


1595 


323 


1596 


324 




325 




326 


1597 


327 




328 




329 


1598 


330 




331 




232 


1599 


333 




334 


1600 


335 


1601 


336 


1602 


337 


1603 


338 


1606 


339 


1607 


340 


1608 


341 


1609 


342 




343 


1611 


344 




345 


1612 


346 


1613 


347 


1614 


348 


1616 


349 


1617 


350 




351 


1618 


352 


1617 


352a 


1621 


353 


1620 


354 


1622 


355 




356 


1623 


357 




358 





AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



23 



No. 


Year. 




359 


1624 


e John Lloyd of Stockton, yeoman 


360 




Oliver Porcher 


361 




Rich'd ap Edward, Midleton 


362 


1625 


John Bostock 


363 




John Whately, Dudson 


364 




William Whately 


365 


1627 


Elianor Owen 


366 




Hugh ap Hugh 


367 


1628 


e Elianor Astley 


368 




e Jane Aldwell, vid. 


369 




Philip Aldwell 


370 


1629 


e Edward Bray, Rorrington 1 


371 


1630 


John Dicker 


372 




e Richard ap Evan, laborer 


373 


1631 


Margaret Gough, vid. 


374 




George Thomas 


375 


1632 


Joice Matthewes 


376 




William Hughes, Midleton 


377 


1633 


e Francis ap Evan, Dudston 


378 




Richard Bilwyn, Stockton 


379 




e Lewis ap David 


380 


1634 


Mary Porter 


381 




e Peter Middleton 


382 




Charles Heynes 


383 


1638 


Joanna Nicolas, Priestweston 


384 




Andrew Crump, Wilmyngton 


385 


1639 


Edward ap John 


386 




Mary Lewis, vid., Priestweston 


387 




David Roberts 


388 


1642 


e William Price 



1542 

1544 
1546 
1547 

1548 
1549 



1550 



BISHOPSCASTLE. 

Edmunde Wootton 

John ap William ap Phelyp 

Edward Reynolds, Colbach 

Watt r . Rynold, Snaylescroft 

Anne Foord 

Robert Colbache, Colbache 

Wm. ap Longmell 

William Chancey 

James Cornwall 

William Sharpe 

Edward Ocley 



L. S., 39 Eliz., rated for Rorrington in terris, xxs. ; tax, iiijs. 



24 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



No. 
400 
401 
402 
403 
404 
405 
406 
407 
408 
409 
410 
411 
412 
413 
414 
415 
416 
417 
418 
419 
420 
421 
422 
423 
424 
425 
426 
427 
428 
429 
430 
431 
432 
433 
434 
435 
436 
437 
438 
439 
440 
441 
442 
443 
444 
445 
446 



Year. 
1550 



1552 



1556 



1559 
1559 
1560 

1561 
1563 

1565 
1566 
1570 
1571 

1574 

1575 

1579 
1585 
1586 
1587 
1588 
1589 
1590 
1591 
1591 

1593 



1595 
1596 
1598 



e Roger Gynnell 
e Robart Occley 

Reynold Blucke 

Gruff, ap David 

Roger ap William 

John Griffith, Colbache 

Joyce Reynolds, vid. of Matthew ap R. 
e Robert Courser 

Richard Mason 
e Gwenhwyfar, v. Griffiths 

Richard Jones 

David ap Prediche of Lee 

Thomas ap Roger, Colbache 
e David ap leu'n ap Moris 

William Knot 

Wyllyam Stallock, clerk and parson of " Castell" 

Water Reynolds 

John ap Thomas 

John Welshe 

John Bromlow 

John Rowland 

Thomas ap Nicolas 
e Edward ap Lloid 

Roger ap Gryffith ap David 

Wyllyam Bawll 

(?) Robartes, Colbache 

William Blakeway 
e William Broughton 

John Blesse 

Thomas Benbowe 

Thomas Brooke 
e Edward Broughton, Broughton 

Edward Thornton 

William Thorton 

Andrewe Longwell 

Elizabeth Bowen, The Lea 

Rich'd Jones, alias Mercer 

John Barker 

Robert Whittal 
e Elizabeth Morris, vid. 
e John Thomas, the elder 
e John Thomas, the younger 

Thomas Mason 

Anne Benbowe, spinster 

Juliana ap Edward (nuncupative will) 

John Weaver 

Jane Thomas 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



25 



No. 


Year. 




447 


1602 


Catherine Gwalter 


448 


1602 


Edmund (?) 


449 


1605 


William Cotton 


450 


1606 


David ap Thomas 


451 


1607 


Humphrey Reynolds, Colbach 


452 


1608 


Roger Longwell 


453 


1611 


Johan Norton, vid. 


454 


1612 


Thomas Vaughan 


455 


1614 


Elianor Longwell, vid. 


456 




John Jones, alias Mercer 


457 


1615 


Edward Gwillim 


458 




Charles Lloyd 


459 


1617 


David Bird 


460 




e Henry Bowen 


461 


1618 


Edward Hanmer 


462 


1620 


Edward Gwilym, Oakely 


463 


1622 


Hugh Knight 


464 




John Reynolds 


465 


1623 


e Michael Gethin of Broughton 


466 


1624 


e Brian Evans 


467 


1629 


Hugh Butwood 


468 




Anne Corne 


469 


1630 


Edmund Waters 


470 




Edward Longwill 


471 




Anne Symkis 


472 


1631 


John Heath 






BETTWS-Y-CRWYN. 


473 


1542 


Richard Deyo 


474 


1543 


David Howell ap Myryke 


475 


1549 


James ap Howell 


476 




David ap Howell ap Henri 


477 


1550 


Griffith ap John 


478 




Gruff, ap Thomas 


479 


1551 


John ap Howell ap Pey 


480 




Rich'd Wilcocks, Wyddinton, husbandman 


481 


1552 


James ap Morys 


482 


1555 


Elyssa ap Griffith 


483 


1561 


Edward ap David Goch 


484 




Alson v. Meredith 


485 


1562 


David ap Howell ap Meredith 


486 


1569 


Edward Griffiths 


487 


1578 


David ap Rees 


488 


1581 


Richard Bayley 


489 


1584 


Jane Crumpe 


490 


1607 


Maurice Touge 



26 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



No. 
491 
492 
493 
494 
495 
496 
497 
498 
499 
500 
501 
502 
503 



Year. 
1607 

1614 
1616 
1620 



1622 

1631 
1632 
1636 
1640 



John ap Howell ap Edward 
Griffith ap Meredith 
Elie Walweyn 
Robert ap John 
John Langford 
Annie Heycock 
Thomas ap David 
John Robins 

Edward ap David Gethin, the elder, of Pitchin 
Hugh Griffiths 
John Brookes 
Richard Edmond 
e Thomas Lloyd 



504 


1542 


505 


1556 


506 


1569 


507 


1570 


508 


1571 


509 


1584 


510 


1589 


511 


1591 


512 


1595 


513 


1598 


514 


1605 


515 




516 


1607 


517 


1611 


518 


1613 


519 


1616 


520 


1618 


521 


1625 


522 


1633 


523 


1636 


524 




525 




527 


1644 


528 


1646 


529 


1650 


530 


1542 


531 


1544 


532 


1546 


533 


1570 



HYSSINGTON. 
e Lewis Vyghan 
e John ap levan ap Howell ddu 
e Lewis ap Hoel Goch 
e Gruff, ap Howell 
e David ap levan Gynne 
e Richard Gwyn 
e John David ap Owen 

ap Owen ap David, Hurdley 

e Richard Gough 
e David ap Lewis 

Christopher Pearce 
e Hugh Gwyn 

Hugh Amyes 
e Peter ap Owen 
e Howell ap John ap Griffith 
e Alice Gwyn, vid. 

Margaret Aymes 
e Walter Waters 

Alice Clark, spinster 

Edward Griffiths 

Richard Harrington 

Richard Gwyn 
e Thomas Meredith 

Thomas Bowen 
e Richard Griffith 

LLANFAIRWATERDINE. 

e Howell ap David 
David Joice 
Lawrence ap Powell 
James ap leu'n ap Meredith 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



27 



No. 


Year. 




534 


1605 


e David ap Evan 


535 




e Richard ap John 


536 


1607 


Jane Lloyd 


537 


1614 


e John ap leu'n ap Lewis 


538 


1618 


Richard ap Hugh 


539 


1628 


e Evan ap David 


540 


1641 


e John Evans 


541 


1630 


David Myricke 


542 


1638 


Ffrancis Court 


543 




John Nicolas 


F R D E N. 


544 


1548 


e Sir David Gowan 


545 


1558 


levan ap Morice 


546 


1559 


e Gwen Lloyd 


547 


1560 


e Humphrey ap D'd ap Howell ap John 


548 


1568 


e Humphrey, Shenton 


549 




David ap Owen 


550 


1571 


David ap John ap Gyttyu 


551 


1572 


Rineld ap Rees 


552 


1576 


Edward Tayler 


553 


1579 


Oliver ap Howell 


554 


1583 


Edward Jay 


555 


1584 


e Edward Price, the younger, Gwnley 


556 


1587 


Oliver David Lloyd 


557 


1590 


e Morris ap Gruff., The Great Hem 


558 


1591 


Griffith ap Edward, yeoman 


559 




David Corbet 


560 




e Moris ap Richard, The Hem 


561 


1595 


Lewis Madocke 


562 




Nicolas Wyn 


563 


1596 


e Elizabeth Tomson, vid. 


564 


1598 


Francis ap Griffith ap Edwards 


565 




e Katherine Lloyd, vid. of Griffith ap D'd Lloyd 


566 


1599 


David ap Hugh Griffith 


567 


1600 


Catriani, late wife of Evan ap Hugh 


568 


1601 


e Mawd Maddox 


569 


1602 


Thomas Spencer 


570 


1605 


e David ap Lewis, Gwnley 


571 


1606 


e Catherine Wyn 


572 


1608 


John Chawldy 


573 


1610 


Sibyl Jenkins 


574 


1613 


Evan ap John ap Rees 


575 


1614 


Richard Piers 


576 




Catherine Lewis ap Edward 


577 




John Robnett 



28 



No. 


Year. 




578 


1615 


e Hughes Matthewes 


579 


1616 


Matthew ap Thomas 


580 


1622 


Thomas Burley 


581 


1624 


e Oliver Price 


582 




John ap John Gitten 


583 


1626 


Roger Wynn 


584 




John ap Oliver 


584a 


1630 


e Roger Price, Gvvnley 


585 


1633 


Humphrey Forden 


586 




Thomas Grice, mason, Hope 


587 




e Roger Moris 


588 




e Richard Pyers, yeoman, Kilkewydd 


589 


1638 


Francis Moris 


590 


1640 


John Howell, Etherthon 


591 




Elizabeth Rider 


592 




Nicholas Bolas 


593 


1641 


Margaret Price 


594 


1641 


e Humphrey ap David Lloyd of Little Hem 



595 


1521 


596 


1550 


597 




598 


1561 


599 




600 


1565 


601 


1566 


602 


1567 


603 


1568 


604 


1569 


605 


1577 


606 


1584 


607 


1585 


608 


1589 


609 




610 


1595 


610a 




611 


1601 


612 


1605 


613 


1606 


614 


1611 


615 




616 


1633 


617 


1637 



MORE, THE MORE, MORESWOOD. 

Annes Hellhyll, The More 
Edward Momford, More 
John ap Thomas, The More 
David ap John of Mores wood, More 
William Gethyn, The More 

e Lewis ap John ap leu'n, The More 

e Joan Warde, vid., More 

e Thomas Mounforde, The Moreswood 

e Richard More, The More 
Thomas Clerke, The More 
John Llewellen, The More 
Humfrey Lucas, Linley, The More 
Oliver Githine, Linley, More 
Gryffith Gwyne, The More 
John Ward, The More 

e Thomas Madox, The More 

e Lewis Madockes, The More 

(?) Home, The More 

Richard Kemsey, The More 
William Llwellyn, The More 
David Spencer, Linley 
John Matthews, The More 
John Mounford, The More 
Richard Yonng, gen., The More 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



29 



LYDHAM. 



No. 


Year. 




617o 


1537 


Rowland ap Morys 


618 


1584 


Howell ap Price 


619 


1620 


e Robert ap Evan 


620 


1622 


e John Lloyd 


621 


1628 


David Ellis 


622 




Hugh Lewis 


623 


1631 


William Marsh 


MIDLETON. 


623a 


1525 


Richard Phelyps 


624 


1590 


e William Dudlicke, the elder, Scrivener 


625 


1591 


William Phillips 


626 


1595 


Johann James 


627 


1604 


Alice Bedford 


628 


1605 


John Gough 


629 




Thomas Phillips 


630 


1609 


John Ffrancis 


631 


1613 


Robert Ffullwood 


632 


1614 


Robert Yappe 


633 


1616 


Blanche Mauude 


634 


1617 


Richard Matthews, Scrivener 


635 


1618 


Charles Ho we! Is 


636 


1620 


Joyce Maunde, vid. 


637 


1630 


Richard Louke 


638 




Mary Louke, spinster 


639 


1632 


Miriam Louke, vid. 


640 


1638 


John Pritchard 


641 


1642 


Samuel Garwood 


642 


1644 


Alice Badham 


WORTHEN. 


643 


1547 


William Ridge 


644 


1548 


William Bennett, Sheloe 


645 


1559 


Matthew ap Howell 


646 


1589 


Alice Maund, Byndweston 


647 


1591 


George Brin, Brynweston 


648 


1597 


e David Griffith, Brynweston 


649 


1600 


William Brum 


650 


1605 


Roger Maund 


651 




Edward Clarke 


652 




John Tomlins 


653 


1611 


Oliver Roger 


654 


1614 


e William Redge 



30 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



No. 


Year. 




655 


1617 


e John Oliver 


656 


1622 


Dorothy Draper, vid. 


657 


1625 


Hugh ap David 


658 




Richard Phipps 


659 




John Hayle 


660 




William Waring 


661 


1629 


e Griffith ap Evan, yeoman 


662 


1630 


Thomas Gardner 


663 


1633 


e William Evans, yeoman, Aston Rogers 


664 


1637 


John Tomlins 


665 


1641 


Richard Gittens, Greenowes 


MAINSTONE. 


666 


1519 


Sir David ap Owen, vicar of Mainstone 


667 


1545 


John ap David 


668 




Katerin Howell 


669 


1546 


Cadwallader ap Mycolls (1 Nicolls) 


670 




Alson, v. David 


671 


1547 


William Wyks, Castelwrygh (1 Castlewright) 


672 




Elen, v. Davydd John 


673 


1555 


e leu'n ap Gruffith 


674 




Owen ap Rees 


675 


1558 


e Moryce ap Cadwaladr 


676 


1560 


Moryce ap Myryck 


677 


1562 


Rob't Smithe 


678 


1563 


Robert Davyth 


679 


1565 


Owen ap Morys 


680 


1567 


John ap Myryck 


681 


1569 


David ap Thomas 


682 


1570 


Thomas ap Edward 


683 


1572 


David ap Owen 


684 


1574 


e Katryne Howell, v. Morice, vid. 


685 


1578 


William Cucke 


686 


1582 


John ap William ap Walter 


687 




Evan ap John Hughe 


688 


1589 


Wm. ap Griffith 


689 


1590 


Edward ap Owen 


690 


1593 


Roger Stringer 


691 




Edward Jones 


692 


1595 


Thomas Strynger 


693 




Howell ap John 


694 


1596 


Richard ap Owen ap Meyrick 


695 


1600 


e Griffith ap Evan 


696 


1603 


John James 


697 




Gryffith Millard 


698 


1612 


e John David Goch 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



31 



Year. 

1614 David ap Powell 

1616 e Maurice Cadwaladr, Castelwrigge 

1617 John Edwards 
William Winde 

1618 John Lathbury 

1623 Lewis Howard 

1624 Daniel ap John 

1629 Ffrancis Norton 

1630 Edmunde ap Howell 
1634 John Beward (?) 

John Price 

1636 Joan Edwards (Edenhope) 

1645 John Powell 



MONTGOMERY. 
1545 e David ap leu'n 
1547 e Johes Pase 
1550 Elizabeth Nicolas, vid. 
1556 e John ap Griffith, alias Goch 

1559 e Nycolas Cooke 

1560 e Ellyn Lloyd 

1561 Robert ap Owen, Crewe (Green) 
e Moris ap Gruff 

1566 e John ap Griffith, alias Goch 

1567 e John George 
1571 e George ap levan 

e Howell ap David 
Howell ap Meredith Vaughan 

1574 e Matthew ap Griffith, Court Caldmore 

John ap Ruddr (1 Rhydderch) 

1575 Hugh ap Thomas ap Gweneth 
1577 Oliver ap Ho'll, vecher of 

1586 Matt, ap Howell ap Matthew, Combe 

1589 e David ap David, The Crigion 

John Hughes 

e Margaret Broughton, vid. of Morgan Broughton 
e William Meredith 
e Ffrances ap Griffith 

1590 Elen ap Rhydderch 

1591 Rees ap Rudd (Rhydderch) 
e Richard Lloyd 

1596 George Barrett, yeoman 
1598 e Richard Mores 

Thomas Berwick 

1600 Griffith ap Hugh Gwyneth 
1609 e Reginald Griffith 



32 



No. 


Year. 




741 


1611 


e John Mason 


742 


1613 


e Harry ap Thomas Llewelyn 


743 


1618 


e Oliver Aid well 


744 




William ap Thomas Tayler 


745 




William ap Hugh 


746 




Oliver ap David ap Robert 


747 


1620 


e Thomas Aid well, gent. 


748 


1622 


e Richard Davies 


749 


1633 


Richard Broughton 


750 


1636 


Arthur Lloyd, Hope 


BUTTINGTON. 


751 


1544 


Hugh ap Llewellin 


752 


1547 


Edmond ap Richard 


753 


1547 


Hugh ap Edmund 


754 


1550 


David ap Richard 


755 


1555 


e John ap Teu'n Goch 


756 




e le'un goch ap le'un ap Ma doc 


757 


1556 


e Humphrey ap le'un Gutto 


758 


1557 


David (1) 


759 


1558 


Homfre Brate 


760 


1559 


Peers ap Evan Lloyde 


761 


1562 


e Morys ap Llewelyn ap Gyttyn 


762 


1563 


e John M'ddith ap Roger 


763 




John ap Teu'n ap Deio 


764 




e John M'ddithe, als ap Roger, M'dd 


765 


1567 


Thomas Barley 


766 


1569 


e John Burchan (?) Clearke, Curate of 


767 


1571 


Hughe ap levan ap Hughe 


768 


1575 


Howell ap Cadwaladr 


769 


1577 


Hughe Elissa 


770 


1578 


Rich'd Reynold 


771 


1583 


e Roger ap David of Trewern 


772 




e Davyde Lloyde ap Robert of Hope 


773 


1586 


Richard ap Stephen 


774 


1589 


e John Evans 


775 




Thomas ap Hugh 


776 


1596 


Margaret Reinolds, spinster 


777 


1603 


John ap Edward 


779 




Elizabeth Bayley 


780 




Richard Ridere 


781 


1607 


Gilbert Jesper 


782 




e Robert Turner 


783 


1616 


Roger Humphrey 


784 




Catherine, v. Owen 


785 


1617 


Francis Roberts 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



33 



No. 


Year. 




786 


1617 


Edward ap David 


787 


1625 


David ap William, Trewern 


788 


1629 


Rosa Meredith 


789 


1632 


Edward Harry 


790 




Richard Powell 


791 


1639 


Thomas Davies 


792 


1619 


Elizabeth Meredith 


MISCELLANEOUS PARISHES. 


793 


1552 


e Thomas Dudlicke 


Tugford 


794 




Elizabeth Bent .... 


Coldweston 


795 


1556 


e John Dudlicke .... 


Billingsley 


796 




e David ap John ap David 


Micklewicke 


797 




John Pers . . . 


Westou, West- 








bury 


798 




Anthony Gethyn 


Hopton 


799 




e Thomas ap Meredydd . 


Aston 


800 


1557 


e Hugh Lloyd, alias Hugh ap John. 


Sneyde 


801 


1559 


Owen ap Thomas 


Walchpoole 


802 




e John Evans .... 


Coldweston 


803 




John ap Cadwallader . 


Leghton, Wul- 








stanmynd 


804 




John Ambler .... 


Lydbury North 


805 


1560 


William Says .... 


LydburyNorth 


806 




e Richard GryfFys .... 


Sneyde 


807 


1566 


e Grytfythe ap Davyth . 


The Broke 


808 




e Roger Penne .... 


Asteley 


809 


1567 


John Guttowe .... 


Weston 


810 


1568 


e John Evans .... 


Bytterley 


811 


1575 


Roger ap John ap Geffries . 


Brompton 


812 


1583 


John Maund .... 


Byndweston 


813 




e Morys ap leu'n ap John 


Sykborey 


814 


1584 


e Richard Lloyde .... 


Hopton 


815 


1585 


Walter Penne .... 


Hope Mansell 


816 


1586 


John Gytte .... 


Aston 


817 


1589 


e Jane Aid well .... 


Priest Weston 


818 




e Elizabeth Dudlicke, vid. 


Billingsley 


819 




Roger Church, the elder 


Edenop 


820 




John Russell .... 


Woderton 


821 




Robert Lloyd .... 


Alberbury 


822 




e Richard Myddleton 


Prene 


823 




William Genowe, The Lea . 


Poutesbury 


824 


1590 


Elizabeth, widow of John Bennett 


Wylmyngton 


825 




Humphrey Blunden 


Chorton 


826 


1591 


Thomas Spender 


Hopton 


827 




John Hacklett .... 


Birrington 


VOL. XIX. D 



34 



EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 



No. 


Year. 






828 




e Richard Penne 1 (torn) 


Rushbury 


829 


1593 


Richard Heghwey . 


Snead 


830 




Robert ap Griffith . 


Brompton 


831 




David ap Cad'r 


Brompton 


832 


1596 


e John Penne . 


Much Wenlock 


833 


1598 


Griffith ap Humphrey 


Trewern 


834 


1602 


William Lloyd 


Sneade 


835 


1608 


e Hugh Walters 


Myellsfowlde, Minsterley 


836 




e John Turner . . 


Kingston 


837 


1611 


e Robert Meredith 


Priestweston 


838 


1612 


e John Evans 


Cleobury North 


839 


1614 


George Gest . 


Leighton 


840 




Margaret, v. Thomas 


Trevorvard 


841 


1615 


Robert ap David 


Trewern 


842 


1616 


Robert Thomas 


Leighton 


843 


1617 


e John ap Evan 


Alberbury 


844 


1618 


Lewis Speake . 


Sneade 


846 




e Thomas ap Oliver . 


Leighton 


847 




e Catherine Griffiths . 


Leighton 


848 




e John Asterley 


Alderbury 


849 




Evan Maunde 


Coldweston 


850 




Thomas Maunde 


Coldweston 


851 


1619 


Richard Evans 


Westbury 


852 




Lewis Griffith 


Backtown (? Bickton) 


853 


1622 


Winifred Lloyd, spinster . 


Alberbury 


853a 


1624 


e Brian Evans . 


Downton 


854 


1625 


Williams Jones 


Rhiston 


855 


1626 


John Parry 


Spode 


856 


1627 


George Rogers 


Leighton 


857 


1630 


Roger Price 


Gwnley 


858 


1633 


Elizabeth Jones 


Rorrington 


859 


1634 


Lewis Hayward 


Castel wright 


860 




David Griffith 


Brompton 


861 


1637 


e Ffrancis Morrys 


Norbury 


862 


1643 


William Cocke 


Cold weston 


863 


1644 


Humphrey Redge . 


Wigley, Westbury 


864 




e Thomas Dudlicke . 


Billingsley 


865 


1645 


David Powell . 


Castlewright 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 35 



EXTRACTS FROM EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 
AT HEREFORD. 



The extracts given are mostly from the group of parishes in 
the immediate vicinity of the town of Montgomery. A few 
notes have been added referring to the Lay Subsidies (L. S.) 
levied in this district. A few references are also made to the 
Harl. MSS. and the Montgomeryshire Collections. The numbered 
foot-notes are by the Rev. W. V. Lloyd, M.A., who was good 
enough to run over the papers before publication. The bound 
Indices to the Lay Subsidies are at the Record Office. The 
original documents are merely lists made by the collectors, 
and are no guide as to the amount of property held by the 
persons named, but otherwise are interesting and reliable. 

1542. 

504. Lewis Vaughan of Hussinton. 

Dated 20th April 1542. Bequeathed his property to wife and his 
sons, Hew ap Lewis and John ap Lewis. The following names occur 
in the will: Ho well ap Dyo bagh, leu'un ap William, John ap 
Howell Bagh, John Gogh ap Owen, and Lewys ap John Goch. 
(Note 1, infra.) 

1543. 

277. John Walter Robarte of Wylmington. 

To be buried at Churbury. " 7 torches and 8 tapers to be branded at 
my buryall." John Midleton, vicar of Churbury ; wife, Agnes ; son, 
John ap John Waters. John Thomas Robarte, an executor. John 
Griffith, David ap Deio, and others, witnesses. 

3. John ap Robyn, Churchstoke. 
Legacies to Jane, wife of Cadwaladr ; to Katryng v. Morys ; to 

Note 1. 1542 (Will No. 504). Lewis Vaughan, Hussinton (of 
Hyssington). This is a very early and interesting will. " Hugh ap 
Lewes Vychan ap Griffith ap Howel ap David (Bowdler) of Church- 
stoke", married Ellen, third daughter of David Lloyd Vaughan of 
Marrington. See the trial between Griffith ap Howel ap David of the 
Rustock (Churchstoke), and Margaret Middleton, as to the succession 
to Marrington, Sheriffs, p. 345. " John ap Lewis" Vychan, the second 
son, was on the grand jury of the co. Montgomery, 33 Hen. VIII, 
and is mentioned in the will of Griffith ap David of Churchstoke 
in 1551. 

At the assizes held at Montgomery by Sir Nicholas Hare, Knt., 
17 July, 34 Hen. VIII, " Joh'es ap Lewys nup' de Hurdley, gent.", 
is mentioned. 

D 2 



36 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Hugh ap Richard ; to leu'n ap John, my son; to Richard ap John, 
my son. (Note IA.) 

2. Edmund ap Kadwaladr, Churchstoke. 
Robert Myddleton of Bacheltree and his son John, executors. 
Sons. William, John (heir), Hugh, and Matthew. Daughters. 
Rose, Mary, Elyner, and Katerin. John ap Madoc, clerk of Church- 
stoke, a witness. 1 

1544. 

279. Owen ap Owen, Churbury. 
Overseer. Robert ap John. 
Executors. Wife Agnes, and D'd ap John Robarts. 

1545. 

711. David ap leu'n, Montgomery. 

To be buried p'h Ch. Montgomery, 4 torches and 8 tapers. To 
son John, silk gowne. To Maunde my wife "Matthew ap David, 
my ghostly father." 

Trustees. Griffith Goch, Howell ap John, and William ap 
Matthew. 2 

280. Margaret v. Richard, widow, Churbury. 
To be buried in p'h church. To Elen, the daughter of John, my 
cousin. 

5. (1 Ap.) Kadwalider ap John ap Robyn, Churchstoke. 
Leaves four marks to sons William and Arthur. 
JSxecutors. His wife Joan and his daughter Mallt. Twenty- 
four tapers and six torches to be "branded" at his funeral. 

1546. 

393. Anne Foord, Bishopscastle. 

Time of burial left to the discretion of John Bridge, Clerk, and 
Rich'd Blonden (exec'rs). 

392. Watt. Rynold of Snaylescroft, Bishops Castle. 
Dated 9 May 1546. He leaves his property among his children, 
appointing his sons, John and David Walters, executors ; with 
Meredith, his daughter's husband, overseer. The following names 

Note IA. 1543 (Will No. 3). John ap Robyn of Churchstoke. 
Mentions " leu'n ap John, my son". Catherine, eldest daughter of 
Oliver Lloyd of Marrington, married leuan ap John ap Robin ap leuan 
ap lorwerth. He mentions "Richard ap John, my son". " Richard ap 
John" witnesses the ancient (tithe) customs of the parish of Cher- 
bury in 1564. In 1558 Edward ap David Vaughan of Churchstoke, 
in his will mentions the purchase of lands from " levan ap Bedo ap 
Robyn". "John Bedo" also witnesses the ancient customs in 
1564. Cadwalader ap John and his wife Jane are also mentioned in 
the above will. ( Vide also 1545 (Will No. 5). Cadwaladr ap John 
ap Robyn of Churchstoke.) 

1 Vide Mont. Coll., vol. iii, p. 152 (1598). 

2 L. S. (supposed period, Hen. VIII or Eliz.). David ap leu'n 
rated for Montgomery town, in goods, \li. ; tax, xd. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 37 

occur in the will : Llewelyn ap leu'un ap reys of Llanbrynmair, 
Howell ap Evan ap Dackyn of Carno, Llewelyn ap gwelym ap 
Llewelyn of Llanbrynmair. 

The witnesses to the will were John Lloyd, Pryst, Rowland Ouley, 
John More, and others. 

1547. 
6. John dd ap Madoc of Chnrchstoke. 

Dated 28 June 1547, leaving one-third of his property to his 
wife M'grett, the remainder to his children. He appointed his sons, 
Roger ap John and David ap John, with Lewys ap Hoell ap 
Morryes, executors. 

712. John Pase, Montgomery. 

He left small bequests to the chui'cbes of Montgomery and 
Churchstoke. He left to William ap William and Alice his wife, a 
house and land in Montgomery, bounded by lands of Oliver Lloyd 
and George ap Meredyth ; he also left to them other tenements in 
Montgomery, which were to descend to their heirs legally begotten. 
To his mother, Joanna Pase, he left three cows ; to his son Roger, 
6s. 3d. ; to David Lloide, " uni de regnis d'm'i presidentis", 6s. 8d., 
and small sums to many other persons. He appointed William ap 
William and Alicia Pase, his wife, executors. The will was wit- 
nessed by Matthew ap dd, Hugh Woodes (?), Howell ap Hugh, 
John Broughton, Morgan Broughton, Richard Broughton, Matthew 
ap Griffith, Maelgwyn de David ap Rydderch, and others. 

1548. 

544. Sir David Gowan, Forden. 
4 Brothers, 6 children, my father David ap Howell Vaughan. 

282. John Thomas, Churbury. 

Son. Robert. John Mydletou, Vicar. M oney lent on Mortg'e 
on lands of Rich'd Pen and Hugh ap Rich'd Pen and his wife Anne 
of Wylmyngton. 

8. Davydd ap John, Churchstoke. 

Son. leu'n ap Davydd. Sum secured upon arable lands of 
Thomas ap Nicolas and of Griffith ap Moris. 

139. June 16. Sir Richard ap Griffith (Note 2, infra), clerk, Clun. 
Legacy to the " Mother Church of Hereford"; mentions only his 
brother, William ap Griffith. 

1549. 

11. Griffith ap John, Churchstoke. 
Wife. Eliner. Son. Richard. 

1550. 

401. Robert Occley, Bishopscastle. 

To his son John he left the house where his mother lived, with the 
land, etc., belonging thereto; then to his (John's) heirs for ever; in 

Note 2. Sir Richard Griffith, Priest, 23 Henry VIII (1532), 
lands granted by. (Vide Mont. Coll^ vol. ii, p. 268.) 



38 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

default of heirs, to his daughter Elisabeth ; in default, to his own 
right heirs. 

Executors. Rowland Occley, George Bedoos, Dd ap Mores of 
Llannewonicke, Owen Brown, and others, are mentioned. 

12 (Parchment). John ap Griffith ap Meiricke, Churchstoke. 
Wife. Mary v. Griffith. Son. Llorans ap John. 
Witnesses. John ap Madoc. Clerk. Maurice ap William and 
D'd ap D'd. 

9. Hugh ap Thomas, Churchstoke. 
Father Wattes and wife, Joan v. John (executors). 

399. 4 January. Edward " Ocley", Bishopscastle. 
Leaves his lands to his eldest son Andrew and his son John, also 
his goods and chattels to be equally divided between them. 

10. July 8. Kawalider ap Owen ap John, Churchstoke. 

Bequeaths all his lands that are in pledge to Meredith ap Griffith, 
to his son. John ap Kawalider (ex'r). Bequeaths his lands in 
Bacheltre to Lewis Johns, Constable of Bishopscastle, to John ap 
Moris (ex'r), and Marget v. Kawalider his wife. 

Wife. Kateryng v. John and John ap Moris to inherit all his 
goods and chattels. 

Witnesses. Sir John, ap Madoc, clerk ; Ed'd ap Thomas ap Owen, 
Kadwalider ap leu'n ap Madoc, John ap Moris, Davyth ap Davyth, 
and Davyth ap Griffith. (Much of this will is illegible.) (Note 2A, 
infra.) 

1551. 
14, Rich'd ap David of Churchstoke. 

Dated 28 August. He left to David ap Owen and John his son 
two acres of land in Hussington. The names ot John ap Griffith ap 
Dd, Thomas ap Howell ap levan Lloyde, Margrett, daughter of 
Gruff. Dd, and others, occur. (Vide foot-note, No. 10, Will No. 519.) 

15. Griffith ap Davythe, Churchstoke. 

In this will, which is lengthy, the names of Davyd ap Rys, Lewis 
ap Mewricke, iahan, verch Griffith (daughter of testator), Lewis ap 
John Goch, John ap Lewis Vychan, John Gyttyn, Owen Thomas 
ap Mewricke ap Mredyth, Davydd ap leu'un Goch, and others, 
occur. 

JZxecutor. His son, John ap Griffith. 

Witnesses. S'r John ap Madoc, Clerk, Morys ap Mewrick ; Davyth 
ap Rys, and others. ( Vide foot-note, No. 10, Will No. 519, 1616.) 

Note 2A. 1550, July 8. Will of Kawalider, ap Owen ap John. 
The witness, Ed'd ap Thomas ap Owen, as " Edmundus ap Thomas 
ap Owen, gent.", was on the grand jury of the county Montgomery, 
20 April, 33 Henry VIII, and as " Ed'us ap Thomas ap Owen", 
1 Mary. His son, Lewis ap Edmond ap Thomas ap Owen, married 
Anne, eldest daughter of Richard Lloyd of Marrijigtou, and sister 
of Richard Lloyd, Sheriff in 1616, 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 39 

285. John ap David, Churbury. 

Gives to wife Elizabeth one-half his lands in Marton. John 
Midleton, Vicar of Churbury, David Bray, and Bich'd ap Hugh 
(executors). Sons. Davydd, Edmond, Rees. 

1552. 

793. Thomas Dudlicke, Tugford. 
Wife. Joane. Son. Thomas. "My three children." 

1555. 
leu'n goz ap levaij ap Madoc of Buttington. 

He bequeathed all his lands equally between his two sons, John 
ap leu'n and Owen ap leu'n. To Elsabethe, verch leu'n ap Lle'n, 
he left a " red heyfer"; to Mary, verch Owen Lewis ap Owen, a 
" shepe and a lambe"; to his daughter Margrett, a " boysell of 
corne". 

Executors. John ap leu'n, Owen ap leu'n, and Owen ap Thomas. 
672. leu'n ap Gruffyth of Maenston. 

He directed in his will that his brother, Owen ap Gruff., should 
"edyfye and byld" a good " suer" and suffycient house for his 
father to "dwellin", on the lands of Davyth ap hoell Vaughan and 
Meredydd ap Hoell Vychan. After his father's death he leaves the 
whole of his lands to his brother, Owen ap Gruff., whom he consti- 
tuted his executor. 

Witnesses. Thomas Lloyd, Davyth ap Kadwalder, Davyth ap 
Yllm (? William), Davyth ap John, and many others. 
755. John ap Jevain Goch, Buttington. 

All his lands he left to Richard his son and Myvanoy his wife ; 
to his daughter Lowry a " Brazen potte" and a " heyfer"; to Katryn 
and Sabell, his daughters, each a heifer ; to Evan ap D'd, his 
daughter's son, iiij ewes; to Margrett, "my base daughter", ij ewes 
and a calf; to Richard his son and Myvanoy his wife, his 2 " oxen 
to plow my land and to keep my chyldren to their living". " 1 
bequeath to my P'she churche two tapers to brane about my bodye 
the tyme of my masse and dirige." 

JZxecutors. Ric., son ; Myvanoy, wife. 

Overseers. Thomas ap Hugh and Griffith Pers (? Peers), " my 
brother-in-lawe". 

Witnesses. Humfre ap leu'n gatin, Hughe ap Hughe, hoell ap 
Cadd, humfre ap pers, per me, d'd Jones, curat, Ibm. 

143. 18 Dec'r. Griffith College, Clun. 

To son William, " xxijs., which Griffith Symonds doth owe me for 
an ox." Leaves everything to his son William and his wife Joyse. 

1556. 

407. Rob'te Corse'r, made 26 Sep. 1555, Bishopscastle. 

Bequeaths the "takinge" of his house to his brother, Robert 

Corse'r (sole executor), until his daughter Johan " comes to lawfull 

age", paying xxs. rent that is, " the lords rent" and the rest of the 

fyndinge " of Johan my daughter". " Item, I beyinge honestlie 



40 EAKLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

brought home, and my ftmerall expenses payde", all his goods and 
chattels to wife and daughter. 

Witnesses. Hugh Thomas, " my ghostlie father", and others. 

796. David ap John ap David, Micklewick. 

To be buried at Hussington. Wife. Annes. Sons. Hugh, 
Owen, and Griffith. 

409. Gwenhwyfar v. Griffiths, Bishopscastle. 
To be buried at Hussington. Gives torches and tapers. Indebted 
to John ap len'n and Florence v. leu'n and Elizabeth v. leu'n. 
Bequeaths chattels to John ap leu'n (sole executor). Owen ap Moris 
ap Owen owed her 8s. 4<d. Hugh ap Thomas, my ghostly father. 
Witnesses. leu'n ap John Lloyd, Edward Norton, Thos. David. 

757. Humphrey ap leu'n Gutto, Buttington. 
Sons. Gilbert, Owen, John Griffith. Wife. Elizabeth. 
Executors.' "Robert Lloid my brother and Margaret his wife." 

795. John Dudlicke, 1 Billingsley. 

Sons.- Richard, John, Thomas, and John. Daughters. Eliza- 
beth, Annes, Alys, Mare, Margarie. 

505. John ap levan ap Howell ddu, Hyssington. 
Sons. Hugh, Lewis, David (executors). Wife. Margaret. 
Daughters. Joanna and Lowrie. To second son, Lewis, money on 
mortgage on lands of Howell ap D'd ap Tevan Goch in " bishop's 
three townes, in said County of Montgomery". Also money ou 
mortgage on lands of Thomas Madoc in More. 

1558. 

288. Will of David Lloyd, Cherburie. 

" In the name of God, amen, the 7 of Februarie, in the year of our 
Lord God, 1558, I, Dauid lloid, of the p'ishe of Cherburie, syke in 
Bodie and holle in mynd, and of p'fitt Remembrance, make my last 
will and testament in man'r and fforme folowinge. ffyrst, I bequeathe 
my sowlle unto Allmyhtie God and to o'r blessed Lady Seynt Marie 
the virgyn, and to all the hollie companye of heaven. Item, I 
bequeath the takinge of my bowses w'thin Cherburie, with the 
appurtynances to the same belonging, to Antony Jones and Jane his 
wife, my dowght'r, paying unto Hughe Davis, and to his executors, 
administrators, and assignes, nyne pound threttyn shillynge fower- 
pence, which I had in pledge of the said Hugh Davis. Item, Dette 
owing me, Imp'mis, the queenes ma'tie is in my dette for my wage, 
xvfo'. Item, I ordeyne and appoynt my executores, Antony Jones, 
my son in lawe, and Jane his wyffe, my dough 'r, to se that this my 
last will and testament be fulfilled and accomplyshed with effecte 
these bearinge wytnes, leu'un Lloid, Richard lloid, Kateryn, the 
wyffe of Hugh ap John ap probert, with others more." (Note 3, 
infra.) 

1 J. D., husband of Elizabeth D. (Will Na 818, 1589.) 

Note 3. 1558. David Lloyd, Cherburie. According to the Harl. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 41 

674. (1 March.) Maurice ap Cadwaladr, Mainstone. 

Leaves all to Katryn v. Rees, his wife (sole executor), and to his 
" fyve letell chyldren". 

Overseers. David Goch and Hary ap Griffith. 

Witnesses. Morgan ap Owen, David ap Morgan, Howell ap John, 
John ap D'd Goch, Howell ap Cadd'r, etc. 

19. Annest v. Robt., vid. of Thomas ap..., Hurdley, Churchstoke. 
Sons. Owen, Richard. Daughters. Joys, Margaret, Ellen. 

287. John ap Humphrey, Marton. 

To be buried at Churbury. Wife. Florence. Son. Walter. 
Executors. Friends D'd ap Rees ap Griff, and Francis ap Edmund. 

20. Edward ap David Vaughan, Churchstoke. 
Four torches, 24 tapers, to be burned at his funeral. Sons. 
Morgan, James, Cadwaladr. Wife. Margaret v. Howell. Land 
purchased from " levan ap Bodo ap Robyn". 

800. Hughe Lloid, called Hughe ap John, Sneyde. 
" I bequethe my sole to Allmightie God and his belessed Mother 
Seint Mary the Vyrgyn, and to all the selestiall companye of heven." 
Gives one-half of his goods and household stuffs to Elen, his wife, 
the other half to Robert, his eldest son (ex'r), and Humphrey 
Math'es (ex'r), " my cossyns", toward the bringing up of his children. 

1559. 

546. Gwen Lloyd, Forden. 

Sons. Humphrey, Robert (executors), Edward. Daughters. 
Jane, Margaret, Gwladys. Legacies to Elen, base daughter of 
Francis Lloid (overseer) ; to leu'n David ap Howell Vaughan, one 
meadow. Large property in land and money. 

MS. 2299, under " Cydewain Berriew". Elizabeth v. Owen ap Gwilym 
ap Howel ab Einion ab Howel ab Madog ab Einion ap Cynfelyn, 
married David ab John Lloyd ab David Lloyd Fychan ab David 
Lloyd ab Sir Gruffydd Fychan, Knight Banneret of Agincourt. 
According to the family pedigree, this John Lloyd, father of David, 
was Prior of Chirbury, whose next brother, Oliver, certainly suc- 
ceeded to Marrington. He may have adopted the cowl late in life. I 
have not come across any record showing that John was Prior of 
Chirbury. David Lloyd mentions a " Dette owing me. Imp'mus. 
The Queene's (Elizab. ascended the throne 17 Nov. 1558) Ma'tieis in 
my dett for my wage xvft." Mark that on the will of John Pose 
(? Powys) of Montgomery, dated 1547, the latter leaves 6s. 8d. to 
David Lloide, " uni de xegnis (?) d'm'i presedentis". " Richard 
Lloid" (who witnesses the will, was, according to the Harl. MS. 
pedigree cited, a first-cousin of the testator) was a son-in-law of 
Richard Powell, sergeant-at-arms ("unum valecte gardi nri") to 
Henry VIII, office under the Lord President of Wales in 1547, and 
this family association seems to point to the identity of John Pose's 
devisee, with the above David Lloid. 



42 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

715. Nycolas Cooke, Montgomery. 

Wife. Margery. Tour children. Daughter. Elen. " Master 
Edward Herbert and Rich'd Herbert, his son and heir." John 
Warde and his wife (executors). Many cattle, and much money on 
mortgage. 

290. Hughe Braye, Wilmyngton, Churbury. 
Wife. El'nor. Son. Thomas (sole exec'r). Daughter. Johan. 
Witnesses. John Myddleton, vicar, Voyan Nicolls, Ed'd ap 
Matthew. (Note 4, infra.) 

22. Owen ap Meyrick of Churchstoke. 

He left to Gri. ap Owen, Clerk, 3s. 4<d., " to pray for my sowl." 
He gives " to Cadwalladr ap Owen my howse wherein I dwell, w'th 
all land, medow, pasture, etc.", reserving to his wife Joan possession 
for one year. He also left to Joan the house in Mellingtori, called the 
" howse of ho'll ap leu'n ap Cadwaledr", with all its appurtenances, 
for her life, then to the said Cadwallader ap Owen for ever, reserving 
6s. 8d., which he is to pay to Alis, his own mother, for her life. He 
then gave to the said Ales, " my daughter", one house lying in 
brouten (? Broughton), in co. Salop, with all land belonging thereto, 
to her and her heirs for ever. He disposes of his personalty among 
the above and others. 

Executors. Joan his wife, Cadwallader ap Owen, and Watkin 
ap John ap leu'n. 

Witnesses. Grif. ap Owen, Clerke, Edward Pynches, ho'll ap Cad- 
walder, Thomas ap Lewis, and others. 

24. Morgan ap Griffith, Churchstoke. 

(14 May.) All his chattels to Katryne v. Owen his wife (ex'r), 
and his children. Son. Howell (ex'r). 

Witnesses. Rich'd ap Owen and Howell ap Owen, and others. 

289. David Bray, Marton, Chirbury. 

Sons. Hugh (" eldest"), Thomas, Owen, William, Owen ("fifth"), 
and Richard ("youngest") Daughters. Joyce and Lowrie. (Vide 
foot-note No. 4, Will No. 290, 1559.) 



Note 4. 1559, No. 290. Hugh Braye of Wilmington, Chirbury. 
He mentions his son Thomas, whom he appoints sole executor. Thomas 
ap Hugh Bray ap John Bray ap John Bray Vychan (in other places, 
ap David Bray) married Gwen, second daughter of Oliver Lloyd of 
Marrington. " Thomas Bray of Marton", in 1564 witnessed the 
ancient tithe customs of the parish of Chirbury. The connection 
with the other Bray wills is not apparent. Sioned (or Joane, as she 
is called in Humphrey Penne's will, 1589), daughter of Hugh Bray, 
married Humphrey Penne of Stockton, Chirbury, by whom she had 
Richard Penne, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Waters, or Walters, and 
other issue, altogether five sons and two daughters, entered in the 
Heralds' Visitation of 1584 (Penne pedigre 5). 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 43 

1560. 

716. Ellyn Lloyd, Montgomery. (No land.) 
Brother. George, and Mauld his daughter; " Mauld George"; 
W'm George's wife ; Moris ap George ; John ap Wm ; Rich'd ap 
George. Sister. Myfanwy. Son. Robert. Kath v. George ; to Eliz. 
Myddleton ; to Ellen v. leu'n. 

413. David ap leu'n ap Moris, Bishopscastle. 
Chattels to Margaret Matth'es and his brother Edward; Hugh 
Aldwin, vicar of B'pcastle. 

Witnesses. Rich'd Myddleton and Thomas Cadwaladr. 

25. Meredith ap Gryffythe, Churchstoke. 

Daughters. Lowre, Katerin (ex'r), Elizabeth. Sons. Thomas, 
Richard (ex'r). 

1561. 

29. Ryce ap Cawaladr, Churchstoke. 
Son and heir, Howell ; wife, Margaret v. Wyllym. 

718. Moris ap Gruff., Montgomery. 

" To my sonnes, D'd ap Morys, Hugh ap Morys, lands and tene- 
ments within the frauches and liberties of Mon'gomery"; "4 acres in 
the p'h of Llandyssil, and other land, to eldest daughter Anne." 

W i/e. Marg'et v. Griffith. 

Overseers. Matthew George, Edward ap Mor's (? his son). 

Witnesses. Matt. George, W'm George, Gruff. Jones (Clerke). 

1562. 
761. Morys ap Llewelyn ap Gyttyn, of Buttington. 

He left to his sons, George and Robert, all his property in But- 
tington, and to their heirs lawfully begotten. Son. Reynald ap 
Moris; Jane, his wife's daughter; Hugh, his base son ; Robert, his 
son ; William ap Edward. Ales, verch leu'n. " Hugh ap Morys, my 
eldest base son." 

Executor. Reynold, his son. 

Witnesses. D'd ap Bedo gogh, Griffith ap Robert, Nicholas Oliver, 
Jevanni Piers, vie. de Pole, and Buttingtoii. 

292. John Aldwell (senior), Chirbury. 

To " Jenkyn and John Wyn, my two younger sons", he leaves half 
of his mortgage lands in Tyn berth, the rest to Thomas, his eldest son. 
Other names Elizabeth, daughter of Catryn my wife, Davydd ap 
hoell ap Madock of " haberhafes", Hugh Davies, Catryn Lloid, 
George ap John Vechan. 

Executors. Katryne (wife), Jenkyn, and John Wyn Aldwell. 

Witnesses. Thomas Tompsonns, vicar, Ibdm., Edward ap Richard 
Oliver, John Jones. (Vide foot-note, No. 14, Will No. 355, 
1622.) 



44 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

291. Catherine ap John, Chirbury. 1 

" I leave all my goods to be divided between Jankyn ap John 
and John ap John Aldway, my natural sons." 

1563. 

764. John M'ddethe, als ap Eoger M'dd, Buttington. 
He left to Margrett, his wife, all his property for her life, then to 
" Gilbert ap leu'n Gutt'y, my son-in-lawe, and his heyres". 

293. Joyes v. Howell, Churberye. 

Sons. Peere, " younger son" John. Daughters. Gwenllian, Jane, 
" younger son" Richard. John ap Greff. of Hurdle and John ap 
Edward of Churchstoke (executors). 

Witnesses. Griff, ap Owen, clerk, Greff. ap leu'n, Howell ap 
Moris, Hugh Aldwell. 

1564. 

30a. Katerin v John (ap Howell. H. L. S.), Churchstoke. 
Legacies to Jane v. Eees ; to sister Eleu. v, John. " Olyvr ap 
John ap Howell, my brother" (ex'r). 

1565. 

600. Lewis ap John ap leu'n, The More. 

To be buried at More. Wife. Gwen. To son David. Mortgage 
on lands of Griffith ap Wattes Hurdley. Children of Win Wattes, 
my father-in-law. Brother Hugh. " D'd More, p'son of the More." 

294. Luce Powles, vid., Chirbury 

Son. Edmund (land and house and household chattels left to 
him). Legacies to Margaret and Katherine Eedge ; and to Katerin, 
v. Moris Gethin. 

Witnesses. John Eedge, Olyver Eedge, Rob't Eedge, Lewis ap 
Owen. 

1566. 

601. Joan Warde, vid., More. 

Son. John. Late husband. John Warde, and his brother Hum- 
phrey W. Son. Thomas. Daughter. Ankaret. Peter Brese 
(? ap Res), p'son of More. 

807. Gryffythe ap Davyth, The Broke. 
Wife. Margaret. Son. Thomas. 

28. Richard D'd ap Meyricke of Churchstoke. 
He bequeathed to Richard, his son and heir, all his lands, tene- 
ments, and holdings lying in the township of Hurdley, in the 
county of Montgomery. After devising some other lands, he be- 
queaths all the residue to Margarie, verch William, " my wyffe", and 
to John ap Richard, " my son", and to Katrine, verch Rye., Johann, 
verch Richard, and Ann, verch Rychard, his daughters, to be 



1 Wife of John Aldwell, the elder, Chirbury, Will 292 (1562) 
Vide also foot-note No. 14, Will 355 (1622). 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 45 

divided equally. He appointed Margarie, his wife, and Robert 
Gawen his executors. 

Witnesses. Grif. ap Owen, Clerk, John ap Thomas, Clarke, "curate 
of Maynston", John ap Greff., Owen ap Thomas, Richard ap John 
ap Lewys, D'd ap Gretf. ap leu'n, and others. 

718a. 16 March. John ap Griffith, alias Goch, Montgomery. 
To Hugh ap Griff, (ex'r) of Dudston, his brother, all debts due 
to testator. Mentions John ap Lle'n ap Hugh of Dndston, and 
Margett his wife. The names of many debtors are given. 

Witnesses. William Elkes, clerk, Edward Morgan, leu'n ap 
Richard, John ap Robert, and others. 

799. -Will of Thomas ap Meredyth of Aston. 

He desired to be buried at " Lydome". He bequeathed all his 
property to Katerine, daughter of Howell ap Thomas, " my naturall 
sonn", for ever. 

Executor. The above-named Howell. 

808. Roger Penne, Asteley. 

Sons. Rowland, Bryan. Wife. Joyce. Uncle. Bryan P. 
(overseer). Daughters. Ales, Elynor, Johan, Anne. 

Witnesses. Thomas Wakelan, the elder, Syr John Beeche, clerke, 
and others. 

31. Edmond D'd Llo. (? Lloid), Churchstoke. 
Sons. John (ex'r), David (ex'r). Wife. Maude, v. Howell. 
Witnesses. Griff, ap Owen, clerke, Owen ap leu'n ap Thomas, 
Gruff, ap leu'n ap Gytto. 

1567. 

33. Howell ap Owen ap John, Churchstoke. 
''My children." Son. John. Wife. Anne, v. Voryd (?). 

34. Hughe ap Howell, Churchstoke. 

Son. John, and wife, Margaret, v. Thomas (executors). Daughter. 
Marg'e. Brother. David Owen. Brother-in-law. David ap 
Owen ap Thomas. 

35. Cadd'r ap Owen ap I., Churchstoke. 
Sons. John and Cadd'r. Daughter. " Cadder." 

596. Thomas Momforde, The Moreswood. 

Wife. Sybby, and son, Hugh (executors) : all lands and tenements 
to son. 

1568. 

810. John Evans, Bytterley. 
Sons. Richard, Thomas. Sister. Margery. 

297. Richard Breye, husbandman, Chirbury. 
" To God son Rys (son of brother-in-law Water ap leu'n of Hus- 
sington), 4 out on mortgage; God son Rych'd ap Rees ap Owen ; 
God daughter Goes, v. D'd ap John Lloyd ; God son Rich'd ap 
Rich'd ; to brother Owen Breye, lands bought from John ap Moris 
of Chirbury ; Brother Olyver. ' 4 brothers, Thomas, Oliver, 
William, Owen.' " ( Vide Note 4, Will No. 290, 1559.) 




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AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 47 

38. levaun ap Meredd., Chnrchstoke- 

Legacies to daughter Ane, her lands lying in Hnrdley ; to Jane and 
Marge, daughters of William. Son. Rob't ap leu'n. Son-in-tatr. 
Owen ap John ap Howeli. 

1570. 

507. Gruff, ap Howell, Hjssmgton. 

To son Lewis, J620, " willing him to be god-brother to his sister 
Katherine." Son. Morys, and his 3 children. Wife, Agnes (sole 
executor). 

39. Robert Downe, Churchstoke. 

Wife. JTian. Son*. Matthew, Lewis, William. Daughters. 
Elizabeth, Catherine, Jane. 

157L 

422. Edward ap Lloyd, Bishopscastle. 

Wife. Mary v. Meredith (sole ex'r). Brother. David. Sister. 
Margaret. Sons. Richard and John. 

506 David ap levan Gwynne, Hyssington. 
Leaves all to wife and children. No land guauiJBil. Bwlhat 
Richard and wife Elene, executors. (Vide foot-note No. 10, Will 
No. 519, 1616.) 

40. John Wylks, Churchstoke. 
Wife. Elen, v. Cadd'r (sole ex'r). 

Overseer*. William and R'd Ockley, Griff. ap Owen, clerk, a 
witness. 

720. George a levan, Montgomery. 

Wife. Elynor (ex'r). Sow*. Edward (ex'r), Hugh, Tevan. 
Daughters. Elyn, Katerin. George Darett, clerk, curat of 



72L Howell ap David, Montgomery. 
Sons. Edward (eldest), Richard, David. Wiff, Margaret. 
Rich'd, son of Edward (his grandson). Many names in this will. 

1572. 

41 Johan v. le'un, Churchstoke. 

Legacies to Alice v. D'd, Elen v. Rich'd, Ed'd ap Morgan, Thomas 
ap Antony, the sons of Gruff, ap leu'n, Morys ap John ap Gruff, and 
Morgan ap Edwards (overseers). 

1574 

723. Matthew ap Griffith, Court Caldmore, Montsjomerv. 
Wife. " Marred" (Mary). .Sb**,- Morys, Harris, Edward, John. 
Daughter. Athh'w (?). 

684. Katryne Howell v. Moryce, vid^ Maynstone, 
Son. Rich'd. Granddaughter (d. of RichM). Katherine, GranJ- 

son,. Howell ap Richard (ex'r). " Howell ap Own, my brother's 

son." 

Witness. John ap Thomas, clerk, curate of Maynstone. 



48 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

1575. 

300. Matthew ap Liewellin, Marton, Chirbury. 
Wife. Margery. Sons. John (eldest), Thomas, Rees. Money 
in the hands of Oliver Bray of Wylmyntoii. (Note 5, infra.) 

1577. 

44. Richard ap John Owen, Churchstoke. 

Sons. David, John, Owen, Arthur, Richard. Daughters. Marge, 
Constans, Ales. 

301. Hugh ap Gryffythe, Chirbury. (Note 5 A, infra.) 
Wife. Johan. Thomas Tompson, vicar. Sons. ("younger") 
Edward (ex'r). David Vaughan, Hugh (eldest son to David ap 
Hugh), Hugh and Joane, children of Philip ap John ap leu'n. 
Daughter. Johane. Mary, daughter of Watt'r ap Hugh. 
Witnesses. John Rowlands and Matthew ap Meredd. 

1579. 
427. William Broughton, Bishopscastle. 

Large will on parchment, and well written. To wife Jane (ex'r) 
10 oxen, 16 kine, 40 sheep, etc., etc. Father, 1 Edward Broughton : 
my other executor, Edward Home. Son. Thomas. Leaves to eldest 
daughter, Jane, his lands in Eduoppe and money due to him from 
Rich'd ap John ap Lewis. Other three daughters. Elizabeth, Marie, 
Johan. Brother-in-laiv. Edward Home (ex'r). Sister. Margaret 
Broughton. Brother-in-law. John Lewis (wife's brother). Nephew. 
Edward Lewis. Oliver Matthe's, my brother-in-law. 

Witnesses. Edward Broughton, John Lewis, Howell Gough. 



Note 5. 1575. No. 300. Matthew ap Liewellin of Marton, Chir- 
bury. His sons, John, Thomas, and Rees, mentioned in his will, 
occur as follows : John (eldest) Matthewes occupied part of a Wil- 
mington pew in Chirbury Church in 1604. Thomas Matthews, sen., 
is a witness to the will of John Lloyd of Aston in 1618. " Rees ap 
Matthew" was rated for Marton in 1604, and, as "Rees Matthewes", 
occupied a "Marton" pew in Chirbury Church in 1604-5, in which 
George Lloyd and John Lloyd had a right to seats. ( Vide also 
1569. Robert ap Matthew of Marton. Will No. 298. 1632. Joice 
Matthewes, Chirbury. Will No. 375.) 

Note SA. 1577. Hugh ap Gryffythe, Chirbury. "Edward ap 
Hugh Gruff 1 .," his younger son and executor, occupied a " Dudston" 
pew in Chirbury Church in 1604. " Edward ap Hugh Griffiths" 
was rated for the poor of the parish of Chirbury (Dudston), conjointly 
with "Hugh ap David" and Walter ap Hugh", in 1604-5. 

1 See Lewis Dwnn, vol. i, p. 329, "Upper Broughton" pedigree. 
Ed. B., the witness, was probably brother of Wm. B., and the sixth 
son of Ed. Broughton ap John Wyn, and the father of the Ed. B. 
who married Lowry, the sister of Lewis Evans, attorney, Montgomery 
(died 1602). L. S., Montgomery, 1608, Ed. Broughton, in terr. 
20s. ; tax, 2s. 8d. (Vide also foot-note No. 7, Will 431, 1585.) 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 49 

304. The annexed extract is from a document which was described 
as the will of Margaret Phillips of Rorrington, Chirbury, but turned 
out, on examination, to have been a petition addressed by her to 
" The worshipfull Mr. Frauncis Bedows, Doctor of Civil law and 
Chancellor to the right reverend father in God, the Bishop of Here- 
ford, all haste"; in which, among other things, she stated that her 
husband, Lewis Phillips, was dead; that she was left sole executrix; 
and that, being eighty years of age, impotent, and unable to travel, 
and then was, and meant to be, at the direction of her naturall and 
only son, John Lewis, " the bearer hereof." That she knew that 
her husband, long before his death, conveyed all his goods and 
chattels to the said John, which the said John " standeth not 
upon", but is most willing to accomplish his father's will every 
way. She declared she had resigned the executrixship, and humbly 
requested that the bearer should be appointed in her place. 

1580. 

49. Griffith ap leu'n, Churchstoke. 

To his son J'hn ap Griffith, " all the little sum of money that I 
have, beinge no we in the hands of other men, namely : 18s., Hugh 
ap Lewis ap leu'n ; 4s. 6d., Catherine, the late wife of John ap 
leu'n ap David ; 2s., leu'n Genowe ; 6s., Rees ap d'd ap Owen ; 
5s., Walter ap leu'un d'd goz'. 

Witnesses. Rees ap Owen, Walter ap leu'n d'd goz', Bees ap 
d'd ap Owen. 

50. Catherine Wigmore, alias Cadd'r, of Churchstoke. 
A curious will. She constituted her two natural sons, Matthew 
and Hugh Bedmonde, her executors. 

306. Phillip Middleton of Chirbury. 1 
He constituted his daughters Mary and Elizabeth, with Oliver 

Porter, Phillipe Dudlyck, and James Speake, overseers; his daughter 

Jane, executrix. 

Witnesses. John Reage, Jun'r, gent., Phillippe Dudlycke, Oliver 

Porter, James Speake, Thomas Dudlycke, Hugh Beynion, and 

Edward Hy'll. ( Vide also foot-note No. 9, Will No. 344, 1611.) 

47. Lawrence Wormston, Churchstoke. 
To leu'n Meredydd, his " son-in-law", one-half his goods and 

1 This Philip Middleton does not occur in the Middleton of 
Middleton pedigree. Rowland Middleton represented the family at 
this time. William Hughes (vide Will No. 376, 1632) of Middleton, 
Chirbury, according to Harl. MS. 1241, said to be a copy of the 
Salop Visitation, 1584-1623, has the following: " Petrus" (4th son 
of Rowland Middleton de Middleton, co. Salop, ar.) " duxit Mar- 
gareta filia Willi Hughes de Middleton, in co. Salop." In 1604 
Wm. Hughes was rated for Middleton township, Chirbury. 

VOL. XIX. E 



50 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

chattels ; the other half to Ann, daughter of the aforesaid leu'n 
Meredydd. 

Witnesses. Grif. ap Owen, Clerke, John Spragge, Richard ap 
leu'n, and others. 

48. Greff. ap John Wyn, Churchstoke. 

He bequeathed to Katherine, verch John, "my wife", half of his 
messuage or tenement in which he lived, and of his lands in the 
township of Brompton, in the co. of Salop, until such time as 
Watkin ap Greff., "my son and heir", do pay such sums of money 
as were mentioned in the will to the following persons : to his 
daughter Florence, and Margaret, daughter of Florence, to Lewis 
ap Ho' ell ap Mores, Reynold Greff. , x and Thomas Madoxe; the resi- 
due to Katerine, verch John, my wife, whom he made sole execu- 
trix. 

Overseers, Rees and leu'n ap Gref. 

305. John ap Meredd. of Dndston, Chirbury. 

Kinsman. Thomas ap Hugh. Brother. Mathew, and John his 
son. Mother's daughter Marg't, wife of John ap Thomas. Gwen, 
" one of my daughters". Brother-in-law. D'd ap D'd ap John ap 
Rees. 

Witnesses. David Brey, Edward Whately, D'd ap D'd ap John 
ap Rees, Hugh Moris, clerk, and Thomas Tompson, clerk. 

1581. 
52. Lawrence ap John ap Griffythe, Churchstoke. 

(Parchment, large, well written.) To Katherine my wife (ex'r), 
lands in Mellington and Aston, Churchstoke and Leddom, " to bring 
up my four youngest children". Sons. Richard, Lewis (eldest), 
Hugh, Edward, Erasmus. Lewis Lawrence, " elder son and heir at 
common law", who has married contrary to father's wish, not to in- 
herit. Lewis L. has given a bond for 300 to dowry his wife. Gives 
lands in Mellington, purchased from Lewis Jones, Esq're, of Bishops- 
castle, late deceased, to his wife Katherine. 

Overseers. Richard Morris and Hugh ap Owen, gent. 

Witnesses. Moris ap John ap Griffith, William ap Owen, David 
ap Denevill, and Lowrie, daughter of Moris ap John ap Griffith, my 
daughter-in-law. (Lewis Jones, vide Mont. Sheriffs, fol. 117.) 

307. Philip Speake, Chirbury. (Vide foot-note No. 6, infra.) 



1 " Reynold Greff." is probably Reginald Griffith of Montgomery 
(Will 740, 1609). 

Note 6. 1581. Philip Speake of Sneyde. 1618. Lewis Speake of 
Sneyde. 1602. William Lloyd of Sneyde. In consequence of the 
absence of extracts from the above wills, it is impossible to ascertain 
the relationship which undoubtedly existed between the above fami- 
lies. For instances of this intimate connection we give the following : 
William Lloyd of Sneyde was the third son of Oliver Lloyd of 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 51 

53. Margaret, the wife of Thomas ap John, Churchstoke. 

Sons. Hugh, John. Daughter. Marye. To Rich'd ap Moris ; 
to Katherine v. Richard. 

Witnesses. Reynold ap Thomas, Mores ap leu'n, John ap Edward 
ap ?, John ap Howell. 

57. John Brown, Churchstoke. 
Daughters. Eli/. Wheston, Johan. Son. John. 

56. Thomas ap Owen ap David, Churchstoke. 

Daughters. Jane, Lowre, Katerin. Son. Hughe. Wife. Ales 
v. Greff. (ex'r). Brother. Rees ap Owen. 

Overseers. leu'n ap John, D'd Goch, and Greffith ap John David 
Goch. 



Marrington and Gwenllian Blayney of Gregynog in Tregynnen 
parish. From the will of Henry Speake, 1599, we gather that 
he had a son-in-law, Howell Lloyd, second son of Oliver Lloyd 
of Marrington. Henry Speake leaves bequests to "Priamus 
Lloyd" and his sister " Lucye Lloyd", grand-nephew and niece of 
William Lloyd of Sneyde, and son and daughter (only children) of 
Richard Lloyd of Marrington, Sheriff in 1616. Henry Speake of 
Chirbury (1599), presumably a brother or near relation of Philip 
Speake of Sneyde (1581), had, it seems, by his will, at least three 
sons, viz., Ludovick, Philip, and Hugh. The two former, it will be 
seen by the following, had intimate relationships with Marrington 
and the Lloyd family. This Philip Speake is identical with the one 
who was executor of the will (1618) of John Lloyd of Aston. 
Although there stated of Tregonnen, his family were Marrington 
tenants, and associated with the Lloyd brothers in several instances : 
1. As co-executor with Lewis Lloyd (ninth son of Richard Lloyd 
and Lucy Powell), " loving brother" of John Lloyd of Aston. 2. In 
1620, David Smith of Marton, in his will, makes George Lloyd of 
Marion his trustee, and leaves money owed to him to John Lloyd 
and Phillip Speake. Tuball Smith and William Lloyd (one of John's 
sons), executors. Phillip Speake had a right to sittings in a Ror- 
rington pew and a Priestweston pew, with William Speake, in 1604. 
In 1627, George Lloyd of Marton mentions in his will a lease held 
of Phillip Speake, probably a portion of some Marrington farm. 
Oliver Lloyd of Marrington's wife was a Blayney of Tregonnen. 
As the Speake family were tenants of Marrington, this Phillip 
Speake may probably have been a Lloyd tenant on some Tregynnen 
property acquired with Miss Blayney ; or, as the father of Lucy 
(Powell) Lloyd had a grant in 1542 of the chief forestership of 
Kerry, Llanllohairs, et Tregennon, he may have been John Lloyd's 
tenant on property there derived from his mother. 

L. S., 35 Eliz. (1592-3), Marrington. "Henry Speake in goods, 
iijVi ; tax, viijs. ;" and in 39 Eliz. But in roll 40 Eliz., his eldest son, 
Ludovicus Speake, only is assessed, and " in bonis" for Marrington. 

E 2 



52 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

1582. 

59. Florence, verch M'dedd (widow of D'd.), Churchstoke. 
Among other bequests, she left "to Gruff, ap Owen, Clerk, ijs. vid.; 
to Florence, verch Lewys, iij, iiij; to the children of Rob't ap d'd, my 
son, ' twelf ' pence ; to Anthony ap d'd, my son, vi, viij ; to Gruff, ap 
d'd, 'other', vi, viij." 

Executors. Meredydd ap d'd, John ap d'd (sons). 
Witnesses. Greff. ap Owen, Bye' ap Greff. ap leu'n. 

309. Richard Beynion, Chirbury. 

He left to Florence, verch David, his wife, " all his goods", making 
her sole executrix. (Vide Mont. Sheriffs, fol. 135.) 

Witnesses. Thomas Tompson, Clerk, John Goch, alias Nycolas, 
John Pursell, Mathew Maylor, Robert Tomson. 

58. Richard Gruffyth, Hurdley, Churchstoke. 

He mentions, among others, Margaret, " my lawful wife", Susan, 
wife of Howell ap Richard, " my daughter". He constituted his 
wife sole executrix. 

Witnesses. John ap Edward Owen ap Griffith, Richard ap leu'n 
ap Rees, Thomas Bedowes, Griff, ap Owen, Clerk, and others. 

1583. 

771. Roger ap Dauid of Trewern, Buttington. 
Among other bequests, "he" gave iijs. towards the reparation of 
Buttington Bridges; to his wife Margaret, half of his cattle and corn; 
to his sons, Richard and David, all such land as he held in mortgage, 
and to their heirs ; to his son Richard and Margrett his wife, he 
bequeathed the lease of his house and land, for the residue of the 
term under which he held the same. His wife Margrett, sole execu- 
trix ; with Rynald Ffrauncis and John ap Rynald, her overseers. 

772. Davyde Lloyd ap Robert of Hope, gentleman, Buttington. 
To be buried at Buttington. To Hughe ap David Lloide (sole 
ex'r), "his base or bastard son by Ellen v. Matthew, now his 
wedded wife", his dwelling-house and lands in Hope. To his 
daughter Cicely he had already given lands, described. Other 
lands to his daughter Anne, and failing her, to his daughter Jane. 
" Owen, my bastard son. Kateryn, my base daughter. Two-thirds 
of Household stuff to Jane and Kateryn, one-third to my wife." 
Owen ap D'd Lloyd is one of the overseers. Brother. Rich'd Grif- 
fiths. (Much land mentioned.) (Vide Mont. Sheriffs, pp. 326, 387.) 

310 Philippe Dudlycke, Chirbury. 
Wife, Anne, and Wm Bodlake (executors). 

813. Morys ap leu'n ap John of Skyborey. 

To be buried p'h c'h Llanfairwaterdine. Legacies to Margaret, 
Ellen, and Agnes, daughters of Meredd ap D'd ap Morys, deceased. 
Wife. Dyddgi. Brother. Rees. Father. le'nn ap John ap David. 
Godson. Moris ap Richard. Legacies to R'd ap D'd ap R'd ap 
Moris ; to Anne v. Meredd. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 53 

1584 

555. Edmond Price the younger, gent., of Gunley, Forden. 
Dated 21 Nov., 24 Eliz. " In the name of God, Amen ! I, Edward 
Price the younger, of Gwonley, in the parish of Forden, County of 
Montgomery, gent, being of p'fect mynd and Remembrance, thanks 
be geaven unto Allmighty God, do make this my last will and testa- 
ment, and all otheres will and testament that I have made hereto- 
foare I do dysannulle, and to be frustrat and voied. Also I doe 
geave and bequeth all my lands and tenements which I have in 
possession, or any I ought to have by descent .... to my right 
heire, and all the rest of my goods and chattells, equally divided 
between my Childraine, William ap Edmond, my son, and Jane and 
Elizabeth, my daughters. Executors. John Redge the younger, 
gent., and " Gwen, my wyfe". 

" p' me, EDMUND PRICE, junior. 
" Sealed and delivered in the presence of 
" THOMAS POWELL, 
" EDMOND ap OLIVER, 
" JOHN ap OLIVER, 
" IE'UN PENTRETH, and others." 

814 Richard Lloyde, Hopton. 

To wife Dorethe (Dorothy), (sole exec'r), his house and lands, with 
succession to which of her sons she should choose. 

Daughter. Joan. Sons. Edward, John, Henry, William. John 
Taylor, my daughter Joice's son, To John Smith and his sister 
Elizabeth, 5 6s. 8d. 

509. Richard Gwyn, Hyssington. 

Sons. leu'n, Hugh (ex'r), Thomas (overseer), Lewis, John. 
JBequests to Gr. Gwyn (overseer), to Gr. ap Lewis, to le'un ap 
Griff., to sister Elynor, to R'd Gwyn, to wife Ales, to Hugh ap 
Lewis als Price. (Vide foot-note No. 10, Will No. 519, 1616.) 

606. Humphrey Lucas, Linley, The More. 

A long will, full of names and bequests. He had lent money, and 
which was due to him all over the country. 

63. Lewis ap Moris, Churchstoke. 

Large will, on parchment ; very faint and illegible. To his son 
Lewis the house in which he dwells. Gruff, ap Wyn ap Lewis, his 
son (?) ; " equally divided between them, Gwen, Oliver, and Agnes"; 
" to the said Gwenllian Lloyd "; " unto Rich'd ap Lewis, my son and 
heir"; "to Elen v. Lewis, my daughter." 

1585. 

311. Thomas Aldwell of Timberth, Chirbury. 

Dated 19 June. To his wife Florence he left a third of the land 

in Timberth, which he had purchased from John Gethin, gent. ; he 

left bequests to his sons Edmonde and Thomas ; to his daughter 

Kateryn, with other things, " 5 of money towards her ' Chamber ' 



54 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

when she should be marred"; bequests also to his daughters 
Margery e and Jane ; and to his son John he left all his interest in 
Timberth, constituting John his executor ; " and last of all I give 
iijs. iiijd. towards the repairinge of the p'ishe Churche of Chirburye." 
Witnesses. John Wynn Aldwell and Meredith Smith. (Vide foot- 
note No. 14, Will No. 355, 1622.) 

179. 16 Sept. Richard ap Griffith, Clun. 
" My father, Griffith ap John heere" (? hir). 
Wife, Margery. Daughter. Madge. (No land.) 

431. Edward Broughton, 1 Broughton, Bishopscastle. 
(Parchment.) Wife Margarett "in the hands of my father." 
Sons. Ed ward, John. "A bond for 40 to secure 20 due from 
Matthew and Robert Lloyd to Edward Home, my brother-in-lawe." 
" Eliz., the wife of Moris Cadd'r, oweth me 12s., part of the price of 
a cowe sold to her, whereof I pardon her 4s." " Morris Cadd'r, of 
three cows, oweth me 3s. id., do. W'm Watts of Colbache, 11s." 
" Edward ap Owen oweth me 5s., which his wife borrowed of me." 
"John ap Griffith, of the parish of Churchstoke, oweth me . . ." 

1586. 

64. John Wyllyams, Churchstoke. 

Leaves money to John ap Madoc (vide foot-note No. 8, infra), to 
pay for masses. Morys ap D'd, overseer. 



1 This Edward Broughton was the sixth son of Ed'd Broughton of 
Broughton, by Johanna, f. John Pilsworth, co. Stafford, brother 
of W'm Broughton (Will No. 427, 1579). His son Edward married 
Lowry, sister of Lewis Evans, attorney, of Montgomery. Morris Cadd'r, 
mentioned, and Eliz. his wife, were probably the parents of Jane, 
the wife of the same Lewis Evans. (Vide Vincent's Coll., vol. 143, 
Coll. of A.) L. S., Mont'y, 1608, Ed. B. in terr. 20s. ; tax, 2s. 8d. 

Note 7. 1579. William Broughton of Bishop's Castle, son of 
Edward Broughton (ap John Wyu ap Reginald of Garth, ap Sir 
Gruffyth Vaughan, Kn't Ban't. L. Dwnn, vol. i, p. 329). His will 
proves and supplements Dwiin's pedigree, vol. i, fol. 329. 

1585. Edward Broughton of Bronghton, Bishop's Castle, seems 
to have been a younger brother of William. These were of Upper 
Broughton. The Lower Broughton family were of a different 
descent, and seemed to be represented by the Montgomery Brough- 
tons. Morgan Broughton, husband of Margaret (will, 1589); John 
Broughton ; Richard Broughton, mentioned in the will of John Pose 
(? Powys) of Montgomery, 1547 ; Walter ap Richard Broughton, 
mentioned in will of William Meredith, 1589, were of the Lower 
Broughton family. 

Note '8. Appointed to this cure 7 Dec,, 30 Hen. VIII (vide 
Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 367). 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 55 

65. John ap Edwarde, Churchstoke. 

Bequests to sons David and Robert ; son-in-law, Howell ap 
Rich'd ; to Marge v. Richard ; to Ellen v. John (wife). 

Overseers. John Myddleton, John ap Cadd'r, Rich'd ap leu'n. 

1587. 

556. Oliver David Lloyd, Forden. 

To wife Katherine v. Moris, " the middle lay of corne within my 
barne, towards the ' dyshardgwyn' (discharging) of a bond for 20", 
for the payment of which, on death of testator, R'd ap D'd ap Hugh 
and others were responsible ; " also two black oxen and one pied 
cowe, to discharge one bill of the sum of 6 6s. 8d., due from Oliver 
Moris to Hugh Brice of the Le'l (?) of Forden"; 6s. 8d. to repairs 
of Forden Church ; " to daughter Katherine, one cowe ; to daughter 
Elizabeth, one cowe ; to daughter Katherine the younger, one 
browne cow ; to daughter Jane, one black oxe ; to son and heir, 
' Jeaven ap Oliver', my two great coffers"; "to Evan ap Oliver, my 
bastard sonne, 20s." All rights, freeholds, and leases in lands bought 
of Andrew Ockley and John Ockley, gent., in parish of Forden, 
and rights and interests in lands of Moris ap Matthewe, for certain 
years, to his wife, to maintain her servants and children. All the 
rest of his chattels and stock to his " wife and her six children". 
Son Edward, and wife, executors. 

Overseers. John ap John Gytten, Rich'd D'd ap Hugh. 

Witnesses. Robert Jones, clerk, John ap John Gytten, Ed'd ap 
John, Rich'd ap D'd ap Hugh, Oliver ap David Rygnyn (?), John 
ap Richard. 

1589. 
732. Francis ap Griffith, Montgomery. 

To his son Rynalet and his daughter Ellen he bequeathed each 
20s.; all the rest of his property to his son Richard, whom he con- 
stituted executor. 

Witnesses. leu'n ap Gruf., John ap Gruf., John ap Ric., and 
Hugh ap Morris, ClearJc. 

At the foot of this will the following is written : " Humphrey ap 
Edward of Montgomery owes me four shillinges for meat and 
drink." 

181. 14 Aug. John ap Griffith, Spode, Clun. 

Sons. John, James. " To Bridget, the daughter of Matthew ap 
John"; " to Cordell (? Cordelia) Jones, the daughter of Maurice 
Jones"; " to Margaret, daughter of Thomas ap William"; " to Dorethe 
the daughter of Rich'd ap David"; "servants, Katerin andMargaret"; 
residue to " my son", Maurice Jones (sole ex'r). 

Witnesses. Katharine v. Griffith, Margaret v. John, Johan 
College. 

731. William Meredith, Montgomery. 

A long will. The proper date is 1587. The annexed extracts 
will give an idea of the contents. 

To his son Reynalet ap William, begotten on the body of Ales, 



56 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

daughter of Hugh, pare, " my novve lawfull wyfe", he left all that 
tenement, etc., lying in Montgomery, between a lane there on the 
south side and the lands of Walter ap Richard Broghton on the north 
side, bounded on the east side by land of Edward Harbert, Esquire ; 
to Edward ap William, begotten as before, he left the house he 
resided in, with its appurtenances, lying in Arthur Street, bounded by 
lands belonging to Edward Harbart, Esquire, Rees Morgan, and 
Morgan Rees. It extended on the east to D. Owen, and on the west 
to the Castle Rock. If either of the sons should die without legal 
heirs, the other son to take the whole. He left small bequests to his 
nephew; Robert ap David ap William's two youngest sons namely, 
Thomas ap Robert and Andrew ap Robert ; also to Kateryn and 
Margaret, the two youngest daughters of his nephew above ; to 
Ales his wife he left his "iiij milch Kyne". Howell ap Matthew 
ap Gruffyth Maelgwyn of Montgomery, and Rees Goche of Mont- 
gomery parish, are mentioned. His two sons he constituted his 
executors, with Hugh Moris, ClearTc, Rynallt Gruffith, 1 overseers. 
The said Hugh, Reynallt, and William Morris were witnesses to the 
will. 

774. John Evans, Buttington. 

Daughter. Joyce. Second Brother. Henry. Wife. Mawde. 
Son. Gilbert. Brother. Hughe ap Evan (overseer). Brother. 
Hugh Evans. Brother. " Hugh ap Evan." John Lewis, clerke. 
728. David ap David, The Crigion, Montgomery. 

Wife. Lowrie (ex'r). Daughters. Anne, Rose, Gwenne, Jane. 
Sons. William, Reynald (ex'r). 

822. Richard Myddleton, Prene. 

Sister. Elizabeth. Brother. Kafe. Father. John M. (ex'r). 
510. John David ap Owen, Hyssington. 

"Wife." "3 children." Sons. David, Thomas, Rees. Brother. 
Peter ap Dap. 0. Owen Greffyths, clerk. 

313. John ap Hugh, Dudston, Chirbury. 

Children. Johane, Katherine, Mary, Ffrances, Jane, Elizabeth, 
Morys. " My landlord, Mr, Newton." Sons. Hugh, Oliver (ex'r). 
Wife. Ellen (ex'r). 

314. Humphrey Penne, 2 Stockton, Chirbury. 
To wife Joane (ex'r), dwelling-house and land. Son. Richard. 
Daughter.' Elizabeth, wife of Thos. Waters. 

817. Jane Aldwell, Priestweston. 

" To five sons and one daughter of son-in-law Thomas Lloyd, six 
lambs," " Katherine and Jane, daughters of John ap Owen, their 



1 Reynallt Griffith, William Morris vide Will No. 740 (1609). 

2 Harl. MS. 1241, f. 121-24, gives Humphrey P, ap John P. ap 
Rich'd Penn of Stockton, who married Lowrie, d. of David Lloyd ap 
Sir Griff. Vaughan. (Vide Will No. 352.) 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 57 

sisters," Hugh ap Gruff., my daughter's son, and Ellen his sister. 
Son-in-law. Howell ap Thomas. Daughters. Catrin, Gwene. 
(Vide foot-note No. 14, Will No. 355, 1622.) 

818. Elizabeth Dudlicke, vid., Billingsley. 

To " son Richard, my plowes, yocke, and waynes." Late husband, 
John Dudlicke (vide Will 795, 1556). To son John Dudlicke the 
younger. To son Thomas Dudlicke, 1 and daughter Anne Dud- 
licke (ex'rs). 

730. Margaret Broughton, vid., of Morgan Broughton, 

Montgomery. 

Sons. leu'n, John, William. Daughters. Elizabeth, Jane, Elen 
(deceased). Son-in-law. Owen ap John. Nephews. Lewis ap 
William, Richard ap Edward, Charles ap Edward (Broughton?). 
Grandchild. Gwen, daughter of Lewis ap W. (Vide foot-note 
No. 7, Will No. 431, 1585.) 

1590. 

316. John ap leu'n Braye, Chirbury. 

Sons. Hughe, and Anne his daughter. Wife. Ales (ex'r). 
Daughters. Jane, Mawde, Margaret. Cristopher, son of Rich'd 
Braye; son Hughe and Elinor Powell (overseers). 

Witnesses. John Wyn Aldwell, John Whately the elder, Walter 
ap Hugh ap Griffith, Thomas George, John ap Edward, Thomas 
Tompson, clerk, Robert Tomson. 

624. Willy am Dudlicke the elder, Screvener, Myddleton. 
Daughters. Anne, Brydgett. Son. Richard. 

557. Moris ap Gruff., The Great Hem, Forden. 
A moiety of house and lands adjoining, for twenty-one years, to 
wife Jane (ex'r). Sons. John, Ffrancis (ex'r), Hughe. Son-in-law. 
Moris ap Rich'd. Daughters. Brigane, Anne, Eliner (called 
Bridget, Anne, Ellen, in Will No. 560, 1591). 

1591-3. 

69. Richard ap John ap Howell, Churchstoke. 
Sons. Howell, John, Ririd. Wife. Jane. Anne v. ..., and 
Howell ap Ririd (grandchildren). 

75. John ap Lewis, Weston, Churchstoke. 
Son. Richard. Sister. Jane. Wife. Ellen (sole ex'r). 
Witnesses. Griff, ap Owen, clerke, Griffith Myddleton 

72. Ho welt ap Edward, Churchstoke. 

Son. Richard. Aunt. Ellen. " vij strikes of rey." Daughters. 
' Margaret, Joyce, Mary. To Mr. George Corbett. 



1 This Thomas Dudlicke was probably the T. D. of Tugford, 
father of Thomas Dudlicke (vide Will No. 793, 1552), the husband of 
Elizabeth Evans, sister of Lewis Evans, attorney, of Montgomery, 
who died 1602. The latter Thomas Dudlicke died 1644 (No. 844). 



58 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

73. Howell ap Owen, Churchstoke. 

To daughter Fflorance (ex'r), "six acres of reye." Sister. Mar- 
garet. Son-in-law. Morgan ap Bees (ex'r). To children of Rob't 
ap Howell. 

Overseers. Meredd. ap David, Griffith ap David. 

1591. 

76. David Cadwaladr, Churchstoke. 
Eldest son. Richard. Wife. Joyes. Base son. John ap David. 

560. Moris ap Richard, The Hem, Forden. 

"Brothers." Francis and Hugh (ex'r). (These were really his 
brothers-in-law vide Will 557, 1590.) Nephew. Rich'd ap David. 
Sisters (sisters-in-law vide Will 557, 1590). Bridget, Anne, Ellen. 
Niece. Margaret ap David. 

828." Richard" Penne (?), Rushbury. 

This will is torn and illegible in places. The surname is not to be 
seen anywhere (? is it a Penne will). 

Son. Edward. " To William my house in Eywood, occupied 

by Joan Rowbury, widow, and three acres of land in Eywood." 
Son. Thomas. Chattels to wife Elizabeth and sons William and 
Edward (executors). 

735. Richard Lloyd of Montgomery. 
His wife Margaret, and Hugh Morris, clerk, executors. 

69. Richard ap John ap Howell of Churchstoke. 
He left the whole of his property to be equally divided between 
his two sons, Howell ap Richard and John ap Richard. 

1592. 

321. John Aldwell the younger, of Tymberth and Ruston, Chirbury. 
His wife's name Margery. He refers to his " three little children" 
and his son and heir George ; but whether he was one of the " three 
little children" the will does not indicate. This is a long will, and 
many bequests and names appear in it, among others Thomas 
Aldwell, his brother ; Catherine and Jane, sisters ; Oliver, his 
brother, to whom he stood indebted 40s. ; George, his brother, a 
similar sum ; and James Speake, 40s. The only debts owing to the 
testator were due from " Lewis Evans, 1 gen'os, 5s. ; and Richard 
Evans, gen'os, 6s. 8d." (Will No. 341, 1609.) (Mont. Coll., vol. x, 
f. 36, 37.) 

1593. 
440. John Thomas the elder, of Bishops Castle. 



1 Written carefully, in fine court hand, in a different hand from 
the rest of the will ; probably inserted by Lewis Evans, attorney, 
Montgomery, who died 1602, for himself and his brother Richard 
Evans of Chirbury and Hurdley, who married Mawd, daughter of 
R'd Lloyd of Marrington. (For R. E., vide Mont. Coll., vol. xiv, 
foL 339.) 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 59 

441. John Thomas the younger, of Bishops Castle. 
Both these wills are lengthy and curious. As is usual, they each 
contain a list of the debts owing by the testator, and to whom ; also 
debts due to the testator, and from whom. They appear to have 
been shoemakers ; and in the will of John Thomas the elder there is 
a long schedule of names and the amounts due from each customer, 
and what for. As an index to the cost of articles, I copy a few 
entries : for a pair of shoes, 4<d. ; for a pair of pumps, 12d. ; for a 
pair of boots, 5s. 6d. 

439. Elizabeth Morris, vid., Bishopscastle. 

"To be buried as near as possible to the bodie of Thomas Benbow, 
my firste husband, and the bodie of Lewis Benbow, my son." 
" Bich'd Beddowes, my daughter's son." " Marie Beddowes, my 
daughter" (daughter-in-law). " My late husband, Richard Morrice." 
" My five daughters." 

1595. 

78. Griffith ap John David Goch, Churchstoke. 
Wife. Katherine (ex'r) ; "four children." Brother. le'un. 
Brother-in-law. Bich'd Griffith. 

Witnesses. Griff, ap Owen, clerk, Owen ap Thomas, le'un John 
Goch, Bich'd Griffith. 

512. Richard Gough, Hyssington. 

Wife. Johane. Daughter. Margarett and " Bich'd Turner, 
alias Clerke, " my sister's son." 

81. Griff, ap Owen, clerk and curate of Churchstoke. 

Son-in-law. Reginald ap Lewis (ex'r) and his daughter Jane 
Madoc. Sons. Morgan, David. 

Witnesses.. John Middleton, Rich'd ap Rich'd, Morgan ap Ed'd, 
David ap Griffith. 

610a. Lewis Madockes, More. 

Wife. Jane. Leaves one-half of his goods and chattels to "my 
two girles upon her lawfully begotten", and the other half to his 
" other three children lawfully begotten upon the bodye of Margarett 
Sir Greff., lately deceased." 

Overseers. Francis Phillips and George Lloyd of Marton. 

Executors. Daughter Martha and David ap William. 

Witnesses. Frances Phillips, John ap Richard, Rynalde Brown- 
lowe, Thos. Williams, Rich'd ap Thomas. 

610. Thomas Madox, More. 

Wife. Marddw (? Maude) ; " my four daughters"; " Elizabeth, 
my sister Kathryn''s daughter," house and lands in Keaven goz 
(? Cefn Goch), Hyssington, to my son Thomas. Brother. John 
(overseer). Daughters. Anne ("Eldest"), Johane. 

Executor. " John Madoc, my eldest son." 

512. (6 Jan. 1594.) Rich'd Goughe, Hyssington. 
Leaves all chattels to his wife Johane for her life. Daughter. 



60 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Margaret (executor), and Richard Turner, her son. All his lands 
to Richard Turner, alias Clerke, my sister's son. 

1596. 

832. John Penne, Much "Weulock. 

To wife Johane and her children (not named). Ffrancis Ffrancis 
and Edward Howell (exr's). 

324' Jenkin Aldwetl, Chirburj. 

Son-in-law. Moris ap David, and his wife Margaret. Son. 
William. Wife. Margery (ex'r). Daughter. Mary (ex'r). He 
owes to Rich'd ap John ap le'un, 7s. 5d. 

Witnesses. Moris ap Owen, Humphrey Whittingham, Thomas 
Aldwell, and others. ( Vide foot-note No. 14, Will No. 355, 1622.) 

563. Eliza Tompson, Vid., Forden. 

To her son Robert she bequeathed all her goods and chattels, 
except the sum of xs., which she bequeathed to and directed him to 
pay to the rest of her "chideren". She constituted Robert sole 
executor, with her brother, Griffith ap John ap Morris, and John 
Robnett, overseers. 

Witnesses. 'Morgan Thomas, Clearke, Addam Powell, Edward ap 
Oliver, John ap Jenij Goch, Alec (Alice?) Robnett, and Elizabeth 
James. 

1597. 
648. David Gruffiths, Bynweston, Worthen. 

A nuncupative will. Wife's name Joyce. To Ann his daughter he 
bequeathed bis best "brazen pott and five pownde of currant money", 
which was, on certain stated conditions, to be paid into the hands of 
George Lloyd of Marton and Matthewe Beadowe, to her use. The 
testator owed several small sums of money to persons residing in 
London. 

323. John Smithes, Rorrington, Cherbury. 

His sons, Edward and William. Among the names mentioned in 
this will were George and James Kerry, Mary Juckes, and George 
Juckes. (Vide Mont. Sheri/s, fol. 196. Kerry, Juckes.) 
327. Oliver Vechan, Chirbury. 

To his wife Ales he left all his lands and tenements lying in the 
township of Churbury, for her life ; after, to Oliver Ridge and Joan 
his wife and their heirs; also to Ales his wife, all his goods and chattels; 
if she married, then to John Ridge and Oliver, the son of John 
Ridge. He also left 10 to John and Oliver Ridge ; he left Ales 
sole executrix, with Hugh Porter, overseer. ( Vide foot-note No. 9, 
Will 344, 1611.) 

Witnesses. Richard Belchfeld, Clerk, John Robte, Thomas Marten, 
John ap David, Richard Bray, and Edward Meredith. 

1598. 

513. David ap Lewis, Hussington. 

To Rees ap David his son he bequeathed his lands in Hussington 
and Mucklewich (John Goch and William Clearke, tenants), with 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 61 

another farm, of which John Gethin was tenant, with all his mov- 
able goods. Among persons to whom testator stood indebted were 
John Madoc the younger, A ; Hugh ap Owen, 8 ; and Jane, verch 
Hugh, four marks, 3s. 4d.j with interest ; Thomas Broune, twentie 
towe shillinges ; Elnor, verch Hugh, 15s. ( Vide foot-note No. 10, Will 
No. 519, 1616.) 

84a. Watkin ap Edmund, Churchstoke. 

Richard ap Thomas of Brompton mentioned ; also Cadwalladr, 
testator's eldest son ; his daughters Joanne, Elizabeth, Lucy, Kathe- 
rine, and Elen ; Joyce, wife of Cadd'r ap John, his son-in-law. Mar- 
garet, his daughter-in-law, Caddwalader's wife. Caddwalader, his 
son, executor; his own wife overseer. 

Witnesses. John Edmund, John Mason, Clerk. ( Vide John 
Edmund's will, No. 106, 1617.) 

85. David ap Owen of the , Churchstoke. 

Wm Moris, my daughter's son. Wife. "Elen Bowen" (ex'r). 
" Children of Morgan Moris, my son-in-law." Hugh Moris, my 
daughter's son. 1 

737. Richard Mores, Montgomery. 

House to son Edward. Son. Mores. One-half of his lands to 
wife Elizabeth. 

565. Katherine Lloyd, vid. of Griffith ap David Lloyd, Forden. 

" Me, Katherine v. David." To "Hugh ap Griffith, my naturall 
son, my mansion and lands", as "fully as I received them from leu'n ap 
Oliver." William, my youngest son, "one acre of pasture ground, by 
the appointment of John ap Rich'd and Rich'd ap Rich'd" (trustees 
to divide and appoint); " William, Margaret, and Elizabeth, ray three 
naturall children" ; " Rich'd ap D'd ap Hugh, my natural brother", 
and John ap Rich'd (overseers). 

1599. 
. 332. (5 March 1598.) Henry Speake, Chirbury. 

To son Ludovicke Speake (sole executor) and his heirs, his house 
and lands, during the life of his son Philip Speake, he paying Philippe 
Speake forty marks yearly. To Howell Lloyd, his son-in-law, his 
leasehold property. To son Hugh, viij. 

The following children of Howell Lloyd are named, viz. : Son. 
Richard. Daughters. Mary, Elizabeth, Lowry, and Jane. To the 
children of Thos. Jones, viz., David, Thomas, William, and Kathe- 
rine, iij. Children of John Bennett, viz., John, Evan, Hugh,William ; 
" my daughter Lucye Bennett", " my daughter Elizabeth Jones", 
" Elizabeth, wife of my son Philippe." To Priamus Lloyd and 



1 L. S., 6 Jas. I (Voluntary Aid). The following paid for 
"Hurdley" the amounts set after their names: Richard ap David 
ap Owen, xiie?. (Will No. 135); David ap John David ap Owen, iijo?. ; 
and for Hyssington, D'd ap Rees D'd ap Owen, xijc?. 



62 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Lucye Lloyd, iiij7. iiijs. (Vide foot-note No. 6, Will No. 307, 
1581.) Ludovic and Philip Speake were rated for Harrington, 1604 

1600. 

695. Griffith ap Evan, Mainstone. 

All his lands to wife Margarett. Sons. Thomas ("eldest"), 
Hugh. Daughter. Elinor. Thomas or Hugh to pay xx. to Elinor 
on his marriage day. Father. Evan ap Powell. Sister. Joan. 
Brother. Lewis. Sister-in-law. Lowry. 

89. Maurice ap Evan (rough, Churchstoke. 

Sons. Richard, David, John, Hugh, Roger, Matthew, Thomas. 
Daughters. Mary, Jane. Brother. Roger. Sister. Katherine. 
David Powell of Weston Madoc, Gent., and son, Richard ap Maurice 
(ex'rs). Edward Henry, Clerke. 

Witnesses. John Mason, Clerke, Rich'd Lloyd, John ap D'd 
Cadd'r, Howell ap John Cadd'r, Roger ap Evan, Thomas Matthew, 
and others. 

His debts. To Rich'd Lloyd, gent., 6s. To Mystres Elin My die- 
ton for rent, 40s. To Mystres Hopton for rent, 4. 

334. John ap Oliver of Hockleton, Chirbury. 
Wife. Anne. Sister. Katherine Owen. Daughters. Anne, 
Elizabeth. Brother. Rees. Brother-in-law. Oliver Porter. 
Witnesses. Humphrey Whittyngham, Ffrancis ap leu'n. 

87. Richard ap Lewis, Churchstoke. 

Sons. (Eldest) Howell, David. Daughter. Katherine. Wife. 
Elizabeth (sole ex'r). 

Witness. John Mason, Clerk. 

1601. 

568. (8 Feb. 1600.) Mauld Madox, Forden, Widow. 
"My cosin Edmund Price," "my cousin Richard Price" of 
Gwnley," to whom she leaves most of her chattels. (No land 
named.) 

Witnesses. Edward Price, John ap Richard, Elen v. Henry. 

1603. 

90. Edmund ap Howell, Churchstoke. 

Daughter. Jane Powell. Son. Rees. " Cosen. David P." 
" Lewis ap Richard, my kinsman." Humphrey Pierce, clerk. 

1605. 
91. (May 1.) Cath. Powell, alias verch Meredith, Churchstoke. 

Sons. Richard, David. " Late husband.- Lewis ap Powell." 
Daughter. Margaret. Brother. David Lloyd Meredith ; and Cousin 
Rich'd Morgan (overseers). 

Witnesses. John Greffith, clerk, Rich'd Morgan, Mary Powell, 
Ednyfed ap Owen. 

" Covenants and writings made by Hugh Mories to the use of his 
children by my daughter Ane." 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 63 

534. David ap Evan, Llanfairwaterdine. 

Daughters. Elizabeth, Mary, Katherine. To Mary v. Howell ; to 
Jane ap Richard. 

515. Hugh Gwyn, 1 Hyssington. 

Daughters. Jane, Elizabeth. Brother. Thomas. Jeavan Gwyn 
(sole ex'r). Thomas Gwyn and John Gwyn (overseers). (Vide also 
foot-note No. 10, Will No. 519, 1616.) 

570. David ap Lewis, Gwnley, Forden. 

Daughters. Elizabeth, Mary, Bridget. Wife. Lowry (ex'r). 
John Lloyd, brother-in-law (ex'r). 

Witnesses. Roger Price, Rich'd ap D'd of Hockleton, John 
Gonghe, John ap Rich'd the younger, Humphrey ap William. 

535. Richard ap John, Llanfairwaterdine. 

Sons. Robert (eldest), Hugh, John, Jevan, and Hugh ap Richard 
(" my four youngest sons"). Wife. Katherine (ex'r). Daughter. 
Elizabeth. 

93. John ap Edward, alias Matthews, Churchstoke. 
Names mentioned : Ane, verch Hugh, niece. Brother. John ap 
Edwards, alias Matthew, the younger. Susan, wife. Ane, wife of 
Ed. ap D'd. ; Florence, wife of Oliver ap Hugh. Choise, daughter ; 
Oliver Phillip ; Elen, daughter ; Owen Phillip; brother John; brother 
Reinald ; Ane, verch Hugh ; niece Ann, sole executor ; Raf. H. 
Edward, alias Matthews, my brother. 

Witnesses. John ap leu'n, Edmond Aldwell, Phillip Speake. 

1606. 

338. John Aldwell, Timberth, Chirbury. 

Francis Aldwell, son, executor. Elizabeth, daughter ; Ann, 
daughter of Thomas Bray ; Mary, verch Reynallt ap Home. Thomas 
Aldwell, sen., Oliver (son), executors. 2 (Vide also foot-note No. 14, 
Will No. 355, 1622.) 

1607. 

339. Hugh Aldwell, Wynsbury, Churbury. 

Mary, wife ; Sara, daughter ; Jane Harry (mother-in-law), executor. 
Witness. Lawrence Jones, clerk, and others. (Vide foot-note No. 
14, Will No. 355, 1622.) 

1608. 

97. William Turner, Churchstoke. 

Persons mentioned : Elizabeth, his wife ; Hugh, his eldest son ; 
John, his son; Elizabeth, Margaret, and Elnor, daughters. Hum- 
phrey, his brother, and John Mason, clerk. 

836. John Turner, Kingston. 

" To Maud, daughter of Elen Williams, my supposed daughter," 
10. Jone, wife (sole ex'r). Sister. Alice. " To Mary Gurmons, v. 

1 L. S., 6 Jas. I (Voluntary Aid). Hugh Gwynne and John Grif- 
fith, Hyssington, paid ijs. vjd. ; Lewis Gwynne and his son-in-lawe, ijs. 

2 L. S., 39 Eliz., rated in terr. xxs. ; rate, iiijs. 



64 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

Mr. Rob't Gurmons"; " to Anne, the wife of Edward Greeneway, 
and Jokn her son." 

Witnesses. Roger Smith, John Smith, Rich'd Smith, Walter 
Smith, Anne Greeneway, and others. 

96. Jokn ap Cadwalader, Churchstoke. 

His wife Elen ; John ap John, son; Edward, David, Samuel, base 
sons ; daughter, Bridgett Margarett, to whom he bequeathed 10 
and household stuff. Richard Price, Gunley, deceased, mentioned. 

Executors. Brother Howell ap Cadwalader ; cousen John Powell. 

835. Hugh Walters (Myells Fowlde) Minsterley. 
Joyce, wife. Alice, daughter, wife of W'm Ancoke. 

1609. 

98. Howell ap John ap Cadd'r, Churchstoke. 
Wife. Joyce. " Two sons," John and Richard. Sister. Mary. 
Brother. Lewis. 

342. William Carver of Marrington, Chirbury. 
Wife. Katherine (sole ex'r). Son. Richard. Witness. Law- 
rence Jones, clerke. 

740. Reginald Griffith, Montgomery. 

Neeces. Jane Corse, Brydget Williams, 1 Katherine Evans, Elinor 
Evans, Mary Moris, Sarah Morgan. Nephews. Charles Evans, 
Owen Morgan, Humphrey Morgan. Brother. William Griffith. 
" Brother's (W. G.) son" and heir, Richard Griffith. Sister (? who). 
" Sister's son." William Moris. Mr. John Gorse and Griffith 
David of the Beriow (? Berriew), overseers. 

341. Mawd Evans, vid., Chirbury. 

Widow of Richard Evans of Chirbury, who died 1606, " brother 
of Lewis Evans, Montgomery" (Will 740). Leaves everything to 
her daughter Lucre tia, "towards her preferment in marriage" with 
Francis Sheldon (ex'r). Lucretia Sheldon (? Shenton) was a wit- 
ness to the will of her uncle, R'd Lloyd of Marrington (1621). The 
Cedwyn MS. gives Rich'd Evans a son John. (Sheriffs, fol. 399.) 



1 Brydget W., wife of William Williams. Charles, Elinor, and 
Catherine Evans were the children of Lewis Evans, attorney, of 
Montgomery, who died in 1602 (will at Somerset House) ; and pre- 
sumably grandnephew and nieces of Reginald Griffith. Rich'd 
Griffithe was probably of the Griffiths of Sutton. L. S., 6 Jas. I 
(Aid), gives Rich'd Griffith, Montgomery, paying ijs. vid. ; also 
Chas. Evans, ijs. ; and Richard Morgan, ijs.; Owen Morgan, xvid. 
In L. S., 28 Eliz., Regnaldus Gruff. Montgom. Vill. is rated in terr. 
x.; tax., vj. viij. This Reginald Griffith is appointed overseer, and 
named " Uncle Griffith" in the will of Lewis Evans above-named, 
1602. He is also named executor in the will of Wm. Meredith, 
Montgomery (No. 731), 1587 ; and, together with a William Moris 
(? his nephew), is a witness to the same will. (Mont. Coll , xiv>f. 339.) 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 65 

1611. 

344. Oliver Redge, ? (probably Chirbiiry vide Will No. 

327). 

Only one side of this will left. " My sonne and to Marga." 
"Appoints" Rowland Roger. My brother George. Wife. Joh'n 
(ex'r). (L. S., Eliz. 39, rated at in terr. xxs.; tax, iiijs. Vide 
foot-note No. 9, infra.) 

837. Robert Meredith, Priestweston. 

Wife. Joh'ne (sole ex'r). Sister-in-law. Elenor v. Owen. 

Witnesses. Rowland Middleton, Hugh ap Hugh, Lewis Waters, 
Laurence Jones, clerk. 

517. Peter ap (David ap ?) Owen, Hyssington. 

Nephew. David ap John ap David ap Owen. Sons. Tymothie, 
Thomas. Daughter. Sara. Wife. Margaret (ex'r). Howell 
Prichard, overseer. (Vide foot-note No. 10, Will No. 519, 1616.) 

Note 9. 1611. Oliver Redge, Chirbury, appoints Rowland Roger 
and "my brother George (? overseers), and wife Joh'n, executor." 
Oliver was the second son of John Ridge the elder, of The Ridge, Chir- 
bury, by his wife Margaret (? " Elizabeth Ridge, widowe", occupied a 
Wylmington township pew in Chirbury Church in 1604), daughter 
of Meredith Porter (Salop Visitation, 1584). George above was 
their fifth son. Their eldest son was John Reage the younger, 
mentioned in the will of Phillip Middleton of Chirbury, in 1580. 

No. 306. "John Redge the elder, gent.", witnessed the " covenente 
(tithe) customes of Chirbury parish in 1564, and Oliver Redge in 
1608." 

"Oliver Redge, gent.", in 1604, occupied a pew in Chirbury 
Church. Oliver Redge was rated for Chirbury Priestweston in 
the same year. George Redge, his brother, was rated for Marton 
township in 1604, and occupied a Marton pew conjointly with John 
Lloyd in 1604. 

Oliver Redge's widow, called " Joh'n", in his will, was, according 
to the Visitation of 1584, daughter to Oliver Vychan. The will of 
the latter, 7th April 1597, No. 327, styles him of Chirbury, and 
mentions Oliver Redge and Joan his wife. The adoption of the 
surname is curiously accounted for in the Visitation pedigree. The 
family were really Bowdlers, or De Boulers, descended from Bald- 
wyn de Boulers, who received the honour of Montgomery in 
marriage with Sybille de Falaise, niece of King Henry I. Their 
ancestor was Nicholas, younger brother of Hugh de Bowlers, lord 
of the manor of Marrington. Walter, son of Nicholas, "called 
himselfe Ridge because that his dwellinge was in the house on ye 
Ridge" (Chirbury). " John Ridge the younger, gent.", elder brother 
of Oliver and George, married Catherine, daughter of Humphrey 
Lloyd (ap Francis ap Humphrey Lloyd of Leighton, Sheriff in 1541), 
of Great Hem, Forden, by whom he had Blanche, who married Sir 
George Devereux, ancestor of Lord Hereford. 

VOL. XIX. F 



66 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

343. Elizabeth Walters (? Watters), Chirbury. 
" Two Sons", Oliver and Humffre (sole ex'r). " To discharge all 
debts due to William Strebort and Elizabeth his wife." 

Witnesses. Moris Edwarde, Oliver Pen, 1 Ane Price, Elizabeth 
Pen. 

100. John Mylles, Kustock. 

Wife. Mary. " William Scaundrett and Elinor, his late wife, my 
daughter." Grandsons. William and John Scaundrett. Brother. 
John Mylles of Bemester, co. Dorset. 

209. John Bowen Rees, Clun. 

Wife. Margaret. Sons ("and heir"), Richard, Owen, Roger 
(ex'r), Morys (ex'r). Daughters. Ellenor, Mary. 

Witnesses. Edward ap John, William Morys, Rich'd Longwell. 1 

101. Robert ap John, Churchstoke. 

To children of Rich'd Powell ; to Richard, son of Lewis Downe ; 
" Jane, my naturall daughter, wife of Richard Rggen" (?) ; to John 
ap David, clerke, and his son David ; to Mr. John Middleton ; to 
the three sons of Roger Farmer ; to Mary, daughter of Rich'd ap 
David Cadd'r. 

Witnesses. Howell ap Lewis, Samuel Middleton, David ap Griffith, 
and others. 

1612. 

698. John David Goch, Mainstone. 

Wife. Margaret. Sons. John, Edward, Samuel. Daughters. 
Anne, Elene, Marie, Johan. 

Witnesses. John Griffith, John Price, Gabriel James, W'm ap 
David, Daniell ap John, Rees Moris. 

838. John Evans, Cleobury North. 

Brother. Roger. To Ffrancis Edwardes ; to Thos. Fletcher ; to 
brother Richard Evans and his children, viz. : Son. Edward. 
Daughters. (Elder) Jane, (younger) Jane, Joyce. 

- 1613. 

518. Howell ap John ap Griffith, Hyssington. 
Wife. Marie. Landlord. John Price. To daughter Jane, 100. 
To Samuel Myricke. Brothers-in-law. John Mories, Walter Mories. 

742. Harry ap Thomas Llewelyn, Montgomery. 

Son. Matthew. Wife. Johane. Daughters. Margaret and 
Elizabeth. 

Witnesses. John ap leu'n ap Mories, Oliver ap Thos. Llewelyn, 
Anne v. Rich'd ap Thomas, Thomas Aldwell. 

1 David, the brother of John Penne, father of Humphrey Penne 
(Will No. 314, 1589), had a son, Oliver Penne. (Vide Earl. MS. 
1241, f. 121-34. 

2 R'd Longwell.- Vide Wills No. 434 (1591) and No. 395 (1548), 
Bishopscastle. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 67 

1614 

347. Walter Roberts, Chirbury. 

Son. Robert. " My wife and my youngest daughter." " John 
Evans oweth me 6s. and 4s."; " in the hands of Riryd Wyn, 3s., and 
the chardge." 

Witnesses. Gresham Braye, Richard Braye. 

654. William Redge, Worthen. 
Wife. Mary. Son. John. 

Witnesses. John Lloyd, Chas. Whittcott, Wm Griffith, clerke. 
(Vide foot-note No. 9. Will No. 344, 1611.) 

537. John ap leu'n ap Lewis, Llanfairwaterdine. 
To youngest son, Edward, house, etc. Daughters. Katherine, 
Dorothie, Mauld. 

1615. 

578. Hugh Matthews, Forden. 

Names mentioned : Richard, eldest son ; William, son. Godson. 
Hugh Matthews. Jane, daughter of William. (Vide foot-note 
No. 5, Will No. 300, 1575.) 

1616. 

519. Alice Gwyn, widow, of Hyssington. 

Names mentioned : Peter Hughes, son-in-law ; Elinor, daughter, 
to whom she left her best gown and petticoat, and a brazen pot ; 
Lewis ap Howell, her son (? in- law) ; to her granddaughter Jane, 
daughter of her son-in-law, Lewis Powell, she left "one little 
kettle"; to Jane, her own daughter, she left her best "bed-hilling" 
and one pewter dish. She left many other bequests. 

Peter Hughes, executor, and John Griffiths, son, to whom she 
left xiis., to be divided among his six children ; to Ales ap Lewis she 
left one "overworne" petticoat. (Foot-note No. 10.) 

Note 10. 1551, 20 Aug. Richard ap David of Churchstoke left* 
David ap Owen, and John his son, two acres in Hussington. Men- 
tions "John ap Griffith ap David" in the following will. 

No. 15. 1551. Griffith ap Davythe of Churchstoke mentions 
John ap Lewys Vychan (see 1542, will of Lewis Vychan), John ap 
Griffith, son and executor. 

No. 506. 1569. Lewis ap Howell Goz of Hyssington. 

No. 513. 1598. David ap Lewis of Hussington. His sons, 
David and Rees, mentioned in the will, are recorded in Dwnn. 

No. 517. 1611. Peter ap (David ap)Owen, Hyssington, mentions 
his "nephew, David John ap David ap Owen," recorded in David ap 
Owen's pedigree. Lewis ap Howell Goz, in his will, directs his sons 



* David ap Owen of the Rustock, Chtrrehstoke, has a pedigree 
recorded in Lewys Dwnn, vol. i, p. 282, under " The Broadway". 
Jane, daughter of this David ap Owen, married David ap Lewis ap 
Howell Goch. 

F 2 



68 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

700. Maurice Cadwaladr, Castelwrigge, Mainstone. 
Leaves his goods and chattels to Anne v. Howell Cadwaladr, and 
Margaret v. Griffith ap Howell. 

Overseers. Son-in-lawe " Hugh Ellis, and Griffith ap Howell, my 
nephew." 

1617. 

350. John Gethin, Chirbury. 

" To John, reputed son of Andrew Wright." Son. Robert. 
Daughter. Elizabeth. To Joh'n, daughter of Phillip. Bob't 
Midleton, Clerke (overseer). Rob't David to pay to Florence v. 
Moris ap Bees D'd Lloyd. 

Witnesses. Ffrancis Aldwell, John David Phillipps, Anne Aid- 
well, etc. (Vide Will No. 465, 1623.) 

460. Henry Bowen, Bishopscastle. 

"Bich'd Blunden, Esq., had leased him a house for 2 lives." 
Wife. Katherine. Daughter. Elizabeth. 

843. John ap Evan, Alberbury. 

To youngest son, William, 7, due from my brother-in-law, John 
Asterley of Alberbury. Son. Walter (eldest). Daughter. Jane. 
Wife. Margaret. David Asterley of Braynston mentioned. 

655. John Oliver, Worthen. 

Daughters. Cicely, Margarie. Sons. Humphrey, Henry (and 
his two children). 

Sole witness, John Asterley. (Vide Will No. 848, 1618.) 
106. John ap Edmond, Churchstoke. (Vide foot-note No. 11, 

infra.) 

To wife Jane, and after her death to Boger Halle and his 
children. (Joyce v. Edmond, vide Will No. 128, 1631.) 

Witnesses. Jane v. Gruffith Lloyd of Llandynam ; Katherine 
Halle; Thomas Matthewes. 

352. Bi chard Penne, Stockton, Chirbury. 

To John (youngest son), lands in Marston and Wilmington. To 
daughter Elizabeth, three fields in township of Ackley. To 

David, Owen, and Richard to pay off a mortgage which Richard ap 
leu'n Gwyn had on their lands. To the family of the latter the fol- 
lowing wills seem to refer. (Vide also Will No. 108, 1619.) 

No. 508. 1571. David ap Jevan Gwynne (? leu'n Gennowe and 
Catheryn his wife, in Lewis ap Howell Goz's will). 

No. 509. 1584. Richard Gwyn of Hyssington mentions his sons 
leuan, Hugh, Thomas, Lewis, John ; wife, Ales. 

No. 519 1616. Alice Gwyn, widow, of Hyssington. 

No. 515. 1605. Hugh Gwyn of Hyssington, mentions brothers 
Thomas, Jeaven Gwyn, Thomas Gwyn, John Gwyn, overseers. 

Note 11. Testator was, presumably, brother of Watkin ap 
Edmund, died 1598, as he witnessed the latter's will. (Vide Will 
No. 84a, 1598.) 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 69 

Edmund Pen, my son, xijc?. To son John, one heifer. To wife, 
Katherine Pen, and daughter, Elizabeth Pen, all household chattels 
and goods, and farm stock, cattle, and implements, to be divided 
equally between them. To his wife, Stockton house and farm for 
her life, in accordance with agreement with his eldest son, Edmund 
Pen, to whom he had advanced the sum of 50 to pay off a mort- 
gage on Edmund's land. Wife. Katherine, sole ex'r. Will 
proved at Ludlow, 8th April 1618. 

Witnesses. John Davies, John Penn, Eich'd Jones, Philip 
Keever (?), Thomas Price. 1 

1618. 

743. Oliver Aldwell, Montgomery. 

To nephews and neeces, the children of my brother Thomas 
Aldwell (ex'r), viz. : Elizabeth, Margaret, Kateryn, Pernell, Anne, 
Mary, Thomas, Samuel. Sister-in-law. Kateryn Aldwell. Brother. 
Philipp Aldwell (ex'r). 

Witnesses. John James, John Mason. (Vide foot-note No. 14, 
Will No. 355, 1622.) 

225. John ap John, Clun. 

Wife. Margere. Nephew. John Skelton. Daughter. Margaret, 
and her son John Wellniss. Son-in-law. Edward Hockyns and his 
eldest son. Son-in-law. Francis Wellniss. 

Witnesses. Bire ap Owen, Griffith ap John, John Meredith. 

846. Catherine Griffiths, Leigh ton. 

To be buried in the churchyard of Wolstanmynd (Trelystan). 
Daughters. Anne, Elizabeth, Rose, Catherine. Son. Rich'd (ex'r). 

848. John Asterley, Alberbury. 

"Yeoman." To younger son John, 20, to pay his debts. To 
eldest son William, 5 for same purpose. Wife. Elizabeth (ex'r). 

224. Harrye ap Griffith, Clun. 

Wife. Anne (executrix). Daughters. Katherine, Marie, Elinor. 
Sons. John (executor), Moysses. "David ap John, son of John ap 
Harry." 

107. Griffith ap Cadwaladr, Churchstoke. 

Leaves to Johna Turner some cattle and xvj7. JSxecutor. Arthur 
Powell, gent. 

Witnesses. William Morgan and Edward Pinches. 



1 L. S., 39 Eliz., rated for Stockton in terris, xls.; tax, viip. 
(Vide also Penne pedigree, Harl MS. 1241, fol. 128-134. Eich'd 
Penne was the son of Humph, Penne of Stockton (Will No. 314), 
who married Jonne, or Jonet, daughter of Hugh Bray ap John ap 
D'd Bray. His wife Katherine was daughter of John Harris of 
Stockton. 



70 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

1619. 

108. Howell ap Lewis, Churchstoke. 

" To Son Lewis, a messuage of land in the Township of Herdley, 
together with all the deeds and evidences belonging to the same." 
Chattels to wife Jo'an (sole ex'r), and daughter Elizabeth. " To my 
mother, one ewe and lamb." (Vide Will No. 519, 1616.) 

Witnesses. Oliver ap Lewis, Eich'd ap Howell, Walter ap Walter, 
David ap Walter, Owen ap Lewis, David ap Lewis. (Vide Will 
No. 114, 1624.) 

1620. 

747. Thomas Aldwell, 1 Gent., Montgomery. 
Wife. Katherine. Son. Thomas (ex'r). Brothers. Oliver, 
Edmond (overseer), Philipp (overseer). Son. John. Nephew. 
Wm. Clerke. Niece. Jane Clerke. Son. Samuel. Da^lghters. 
Elizabeth, Margaret, Katherine (ex'r), Pernell, Anne, Mary. 

353. David Smith, Marton, Chirbury. 

" I give to the poor of the parish of Chirbury 10 in money, there 
to remain for ever to the use of the poor of the said parish, which is 
now remaining in the hands of George Lloyd of Marton, and to be 
paid to the churchwardens of the said parish, within three months 
after the decease of the said David. I give to John Lloyd and 
Phillip Speake all such sums of money as they owe me." 

Tuballe Smith and William Lloyd, executors. 

619. Robert ap Evan, Lydham. 

Wife. Elizabeth. Sons. Humphrey, John, Edward. Daughters. 
Jane, Mary. Brother. John ap Evan. Sister. Katherine. 

1622 (proved). Dated 1618. 
620. John Lloyd of Aston, Gent., Lydham. 
Wife. Katherine. Elizabeth Lloyd, daughter of nephew, John 
Lloyd of London, scrivener, freeman. Nephew. Hugh Lloyd of 
London. Son. John Lloyd. Brother. Lewis Lloyd (ex'r). 
Philippe Speake of Tregynon (ex'r). John Howell, Clerke. Sister. 
Blanche. Elizabeth, daughter-in-law. (Mont. Sheriffs, fol. 404.) 

355. Oliver Aldwell, Chirbury. 

Wife. Anne (ex'r). Sons. Richard, William. Son-in-law. 
John Morgan, and wife Jane and two daughters. Mary and Anne 
Morgan. Grandchild. John Aldwell. Francis and Phillip Aldwell 
(overseers). 

Witnesses. Robert Ryrid, Robert Middleton. (Foot-note No. 14.) 

1 L. S., 6 Jas. I (Voluntary Aid). Thos. Aldwell, Mont'y, paidijs. 
(Vide also foot-note No. 14, Will No. 355, 1622.) 

Note 14. The series of Aldwell wills is interesting, but as there 
does not seem to exist any pedigree of the family, it is difficult, 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 71 

464. John Reynolde, Bishopscastle. 

To John Evans ; to Gwen Evans ; to Oliver Moris ; to David 
Gwalter ; to as many of Ffrancis Moore's children as remain at 
home with their father. To John Lewis and his children ; to Jane 
Lewis ; to John Boole and other Booles. To Sara Pierce ; to 
Joyce Lewis. Henry Boole, ex'r. Many small bequests. 



with any certainty, to settle their succession. The first of the line in- 
dicated by the wills is 

1562. John Aldwell the elder, of Chirbury. Children. Thomas 
(eldest son), Jenkyn John Wyn, youngest son and co-executor. 

1562. The date of his wife's will, strangely styled " Catherine ap 
John", Cherbury. The sons she mentions, "Jenkyn ap John and 
John ap John Aldway", clearly identify her with the Catherine, wife 
of John Aldwell (1562), who mentions " Catryn my wife". 

1585. Thomas, the eldest son, continued the succession; will 
proved or dated 19th June 1585. He styles himself of Timberth 
(township), Chirbury. Referring to the pedigree of the family of 
Bowdler, alias Gethin, descended from the De Boulers, lords of 
Montgomery, we find that Florence, daughter v of Richard Gethin, 
alias Bowdler, married " Tho's Aldwyn of Chirbury". Accordingly, 
in his will we find this Thomas bequeathing to his wife Florence 
(Gethin) " J of his lands in Timberthe, purchased from John Gethin, 
gent.", who, according to the above pedigree, was the brother of 
Florence. 

Children mentioned in the will : John (executor), Edmonde, 
Thomas, Kateryn, Margerye, and Jane. There were, however, other 
issue ; see following will of 

1592. John Aldwell "the younger" (to distinguish him from his 
uncle, John Wyn Aldwell) of Timberthe, Rhiston (townships), in 
Chirbury. He mentions his " three little children", but George as 
his son and heir. Brothers, Thomas, Oliver, George. Sisters. 
Catherine and Jane. 

1604. George Aldwell, Oliver Aldwell, and Francis Aldwell appear 
as rated for Timberthe in 1604, to whom some of the following may 
refer. 

1606. John Aldwell of Timberthe. Son, Francis ; daughter, 
Elizabeth. 

1607. Hugh Aldwell, Wynsbury (township), Chirbury. 
1618. Oliver Aldwell, Montgomery. 

1620. Thomas Aldwell, gent., Montgomery. 

1622. Oliver Aldwell, Chirbury. 

1628. Jane Aldwell, wid., Chirbury. (Vide No. 368.) 

1628. Philip Aldwell, Chirbury. (Vide No. 368.) No extract. 

1604. William Aldwell and Edward Aldwell, rated for Rorrington 
township, in Chirbury parish, in 1604. 

Edmund Aldwell, for Priestweston township, in 1604. 

1609. " Thomas Aldwell and Johannes James, gen'osi Balli, de 
Montgomery," 7 James I. 



72 EARLY MONTGOMEEYSHIRE WILLS 

748. Richard Davies, Montgomery. 
"Wife. Elizabeth. Sons. George, Thomas. Brother. Lewis. 

1623. , 

113. Elizabeth Lloyd, Churchstoke, 

Mother. Gwen v. Howell ap Evan. Brothers. Thos. and 
Edward Stedman (executors). " Edmund Tiggston, Clerke." 

356. Oliver Braye, of " the farme in Dudston", Chirbury. 

Nephews. Francis, Richard, and Hugh Thomas ; my natural 
sister, Katherine, wife of William Woodinge, and to her natural sons, 
my nephews Oliver and Richard Woodinge, " 10, being the 
residue of a greater sum due from Richard Griffith of Sutton." To 
the daughters of my sister, Ellice Morrice of Tregynon, viz. Mary, Jane, 
Bridgett, Margery, 5, due to me from Thomas ap Oliver, Beriew. 
To nephews Thomas and Samuel, the two eldest sons of Thomas 
ap Hugh ap Meredd, and to Elinor and Mary," two of his daughters". 
" To Elizabeth, the daughter of said Thomas, and her two sonnes." 
To William, son of Edward Matthewe, dec'd (my sister's son), 50s., 
in the hands of William Bray of Marton. To John Bray, son of 
Francis Bray, my natural brother, and Elinor his daughter. To 
" Elen Bray, my natural mother". He leaves the residue of lease 
of his house for the term of 25 years after his mother's death 
from Francis Newton of Heighley, to Morys Bray, his natural 
brother (sole executor). Francis Bray, my youngest brother. To 
David Bray, my kinsman and godson, 5s. due from Edward Bray, 
his brother. John Bray, my natural father. (Griffith Sutton, L. D., 
i, 308.) 

Witnesses. John Whately and Thomas ap Philip ap William. 
(Vide foot-note No. 4, Will No. 290, 1559.) (Mont. Coll., vol. vi, 
fol. 285.) Newton of Heighley (vide Mont. Coll., vol. vi, fol. 306). 

465. Michael Gethin, Broughton, (?) Brompton, Bishopscastle. 
(.Von*. Coll., vol. vii, fol. 175.) 

Will dated 3 June 1618. He devised to Jane, his wife, 50 a 
year out of his lands in Brompton ; also an interest in lands which 
he had by demise from Thomas Broughton of Broughton, gent., and 
May his wife, the said Jane to hold them for the term of the lease 
unexpired. To his brother, Edmund Gethin, he devised, subject to 
the payment of the .50 per annum above, all his lands lying in 
Brompton, and to his heirs for ever. To his brother, Robert Gethin, 
he bequeathed 15. To his niece Mary Gethin, " my brother Robert's 
daughter", a house in the parish of Berriew and an annuity of 6 
per year for eleven years. To John, the supposed son of his brother, 
Edmund Gethin, 4 per annum for the same term of years. To 
Ursala, the supposed daughter of the said Robert, 20s. ; to Elizabeth, 
daughter of Jane Humphrey, and supposed daughter of his brother, 
Edmund Gethin, the sum of 4 per annum for eleven years ; to 
Margaret Gethin, " my kinswoman", 40s. yearly for eleven years. 
He constituted his brother, Edmund Gethin, his sole executor. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 73 

112. Catherine Lewis, 1 Churchstoke. 

Among the names mentioned in this will as persons owing sums 
of money to testatrix, were Thomas Broughton, gent., 7 ; John 
Evans of Chirbury, gent., 2 17s. ; W'm Vaughan of Churchstoke, 
2 2s. ; W'm Middleton of Alport, 2. 

1624. 

114. John ap Lewis, Churchstoke, (Vide Will No. 108, 1619.) 
Son. John ap Lewis. To children of brother Owen ; to brother 
(in law), Richard Child, and his daughter ; to children of Richard ap 
Howell ; to children of Howell ap Lewis ; to Elizabeth v. Howell ap 
Lewis, dec'd. Wife. Maude (ex'r). Brother. David (ex'r). 
Witnesses. David ap Lewis, Richard ap Lewis, Rob't Bemond. 

359. John Lloyd of Stockton, 2 yeoman, Chirbnry. 

A nuncupative will. Wife. Margaret. Daughter. Jane (ex'r). 

Witnesses. Edward Lloyd, Richard Jones, Thomas ap David. 
(Vide Mont. Sheri/s, fol. 395.) 

Memo. The fact of many wills about this date and of earlier date 
being endorsed, leaving the locality blank where the will was torn 
and undecipherable, shows that the wills were in this state at the 
time of the endorsement (probably in, 1689, by Griffith Reinolds). 

581. Olliver Price, Forden. 

Leaves to his wife Margarett (sole executrix) land and houses. 
" To Humphrey Price, gent., my natural brother, iij/." " To Kathe- 
rine, the wife of Robert Powell, gent., my natural sister, xl." " To 
Roger Price, gent., my natural brother." "To my nephew John, son 
of Robert Powell." "My son-in-law, Griffith Francis." "Elizabeth 
and Catherine, daughters of Roger Price." " Son-in-law. Francis." 
Brother. Humphrey Price. 

Overseers. Richard ap Richard and George Nicolls. 

853a. Brian Evans, yeoman, Downton. 
Brother. William. Sister. Elizabeth. Wife. Julian. 

1625. 

521. Walter Waters, Hyssington. 

Wife. Jane (ex'r) " my seaven poore and small children." 
Witnesses. Lewis Waters, David Waters, Morgan ap Edmund. 

1626. 

584. John ap Oliver, Forden. 

Wife. Sara (ex'r). Daughters. Lowry, Jane, Bridget. David 
Bray, curate. 

1 Probably this is Catherine, wife to John Lewis, brother-in-law 
to William Broughton (vide Will 427, 1579). John Evans of 
Chirbury, gent., is presumably the son of Rich'd Evans, who 
married Mawd Lloyd, sister of Rich'd Lloyd of Marrington (High 
Sheriff, \\G).Cedwyn MS. 

2 L. S., 39 Eliz., John Lloyd, rated in terris at xxs. ; tax, iiijs. 



74 EAELY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

1627. 
856. George Rogers, Leighton. (Vide foot-note No. 11.) 

1628. 
367. Elianor Astley, Chirbury. 

Buried at Chirbury. Bequeaths to parish church, 10*.; " to my 
daughter Mary's children, 20s. ; to my daughter Joane and her 
children, 20s.; to my daughter Katherine and her children, 15s.; to 
daughter Jane and her children, 10*.; to her " son Francis Braye", 
40 ; to his children, 20s. Son. Morris Braye (executor). John 
Newton of Heighley and Richard Griffith of Cubdon (overseers). 

Witnesses. Hugh Whalley, Ffrancis ap leu'n, John Morgans, 
Worthington. (Vide foot-note No. 12.) 

368. Jane Aldwell, vid., Chirbury. 

(A long will, in which testatrix bequeaths most of her household 
goods and furniture to separate persons, in numerous bequests. As 
descriptive of these, the will is worth printing in full.) 

Children "of William Price, my brother", viz. : Edward, John, 
Robert, Gwen, Jane ; " to Jane Clerk"; many bequests to Jane, 
daughter of Edward Bray of Dudston ; Anne and Edward, children 
of Philipp Aldwell ; " Jane, wife of Griffith Price, late deceased "; 
"Margared, daughter of George Aldwell, late deceased"; many 
bequests to Margaret Tyder; "Ales Aldwell, widow"; "Edmund, 
son of George Aldwell "; " George Aldwell, son of John Aldwell." 
Leaves iij7. to be divided between Catherine A., P'nell A., Anne A., 
Mary A., John A., and Samuel A. 

Executor. My nephew, John Price of Priestweston. 

Witnesses. John Middleton, John ap Hugh, Jane Mott, etc. 
(Vide foot-note No. 14, under Will No. 355, Oliver Aldwell, 1622). 

539. Evan ap David, Llanfairwaterdine. 

Son. Rich'd ap Evan (ex'r). Wife. Margaret. To Arthur ap 
Rees, 5s. 

1629. 

370. Edward Braye, Rorrington. 

Leaves land and houses to " George Northwood, my son-in-law, 
and Margaret, his wife". Daughter. Elizabeth Momford. Son 
and heire. Richard Braye. Son. Oliver. " The two daughters of 
John Momford, my daughter's children." 

Witnesses. Rob't Watters, Richard ap Evan, Griffith Middleton, 
David Evans, John Bray. (Vide foot-note No. 4, Will 290, 1559.) 

Note 11. 1627. George Rogers of Leighton married Joyce, daugh- 
ter of Edmund Lloyd, churchwarden of Chirbury, with his brother 
Richard, in 1604. 

Note 12. 1628. Elianor Astley, Chirbury. Rated for Dudston 
township in 1604. " Helenor Astley, wydowe", had a seat in a 
Dudston pew in Chirbury church in 1604. Of the witnesses, Hugh 
Whatley had a seat in a Priestweston pew in 1604; Ffrancis ap 
leu'n, in aDndston pew in 1604. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 75 

661. Griffith ap Evan, yeoman, Worthen. 

Wife. Joanna (ex'r). Son. John Evans. Children. Edward, 
John, Anne, Elizabeth, .Richard, Thomas, Jane. 

370. Edward Bray, 1 Rorrington, Chirbury. 

1630. 

584a. Roger Price, Gwnley, For den. 

To son Edmund, iij7.; to " Thomas Matthew of Shrewsbury, one 
wayuescoat bedd"; to " Mrs. Harries of Stockton, my great bible". 
Leaves all goods and chattels to his wife (sole executrix). 

Witnesses. Edward Lewis (clerk), Matthew Bray. (No land 
mentioned.) 

1631. 

128. John ap John, Churchstoke. 

Florence v. John, my natural sister, interest of 20 I have on 
mortgage of land of Elissa ap Lewis. The children of Griffith ap 
Edwards, my nephew ; the children of Howell ap Griffith, my kins- 
man. Neece. Joyce v. Edmond. To the daughter of John ap 
Richard, my nephew. Nephew. Charles Powell. God-son. John 
ap John ap Lewis. To Lewis ap Richard's eldest son ; to Ellissa 
ap Lewis's son. Nephew. John Lewis. Sara, the daughter of 
Rich'd, my neece. Howell ap leu'n's wife, my neece. Sister. 
Fflorence. 

126. Edward Morgan, Churchstoke. 

Land to sons, Thomas and James, with remainder to Edward, son 
of John Morgan. Daughters. Jane and Elinor. Mr. Lewis 
Middleton, my brother-in-law. " To William Higgins, 6s. 8d. 
towards the maintenance of an able preacher at Churchstoke." 
Witnesses. Richard Lloyd, Samuel Midleton, Charles Powell. 3 

1633. 

587. Roger Moris, Forden. 

Wife. Elizabeth (sole executrix). To Joyce, only daughter, 8, 
due from John Griffith of Wallop and William Bray of Marton ; to 
Ffrancis Griffith of Forden, natural brother of the mother of the 
said Joyce ; to " David, Oliver, Francis, Moris, and Elizabeth, my 
natural brethren and sister", ,16 3s. 4d., due from Rondle 
Powell, gent., on principal. Richard ap Reignold, Thomas Pursell, 
and Rondle Pursell, the younger, being his sureties. 

Witnesses. Robert Edward, Thomas Edwards, Richard Morris, 
John Jones. 



1 Son of Thomas Bray, who married Gwen, daughter of Oliver 
Lloyd of Marrington. His grandfather, Hugh Bray, died 1559. 
(Will No. 290, vide foot-note No. 4, 1559.) 

2 L. S., 6 Jas. I (Voluntary Aid), Chas. Powell p'd as for Church- 
stoke, xviijd.; Rich'd Morgan, p'd for Montgomery, ijs. 



76 EARLY MONTGOMERYSHIRE WILLS 

663. William Evans, yeoman, Aston Rogers, Worthen. 

Wife. Margerie, " to whom I have been cuppled in marriage 
these many years time". Sons. Roger, Richard ("now an ap- 
prentiz"). Daughters. Cicely and Margaret. 

Witnesses. Alexander ap David, Jane, his wiefle, Thomas Gardner, 
Script. 

749. Richard Bronghton, Montgomery. 1 

A short will, passing only some stock and chattels. Leaves " wife 
and daughter" executors. Witnessed by John Madockes, curate of 
Montgomery. Proved by Elizabeth Broughton. ( Vide foot-note 
No. 7, Will No. 431, 1585.) 

379. Lewis ap David, Chirbury. 
Wife. Elinor (executrix). Son. John Lewis. 

588. Richard Pyres, yeoman, Kilkewydd, Forden. 
All his land to his wife Sisley, till his son and heir, George Piers, 
comes of age. Geo. Piers "to be putt 'prentice". He owes to Roger 
Price and Ffrancis Griffith, 7 5s. ; to levan Lloid, 4 ; to David 
Jones of Trefnant, 40s. ; due to him from Thomas Hopkin of 
Burg'dyn town of Montgomery, 16s.; do. Moris Lloyd of Tir-y- 
Mynech, 7s.; do. Edward Potcher of Varcholl, co. Mont'y, gent., 35s.; 
do. Hugh ap Hugh ap Harry, of Llanverchen, 5s. Names of many 
other debtors, with their residences, are given. 

377. Ffrancis ap Evan, Dudston, Chirbury. 
Sons. Daniel, Richard, Peter, Ffrancis. Daughter. Lowry. 
Wife. Margaret. ( Vide foot-note No. 13, infra.) 

1634. 

381. Peter Midleton, Chirbury. 

Leaves all his goods and chattels to " my four younger children", 
Rowland, Peter, William, and Jane. His son Alexander to pay 50 
to his daughter Jane within six months of the day of his marriage, 



1 L. S., 6 Jas. I (Voluntary Aid). Edward Broughton paid tax, 
Montgomery, iijs. vjc?. ; also Walter Broughton, xxd (Vide foot- 
note No. 7, Will No. 431, 1585.) 

Note 13. 1633. Ffrancis ap Evan of Dudston was rated for 
"Dudston township in 1604, and occupied a Dudston sitting in 
Chirbury Church plan of 1604." 

Valentine ap leuan was churchwarden of Chirbury in 1627. 

" Ellena ap Evan sepult. 12 Dec. 1634." (Chirbury register.) 

Johannes filius Richardi ap Evan de Dudston sepult. 4 Apr. 
1635 (C. R.). Johannis filius R. ap E. de D. bapt. 24 Jan'y 1636, 
sepult. 23 Aprilis 1636. 

Evan ap Evan et Elizab. Walters nupt. 9 fieb. 1635. 

Margarita uxor Maurilii (Morris) Evans de Cherburv, sepult. 26 
Maii, 1636. 

Thomas filius Richardi ap Evan de Dudston, bapt. 5 Martii 1635. 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 77 

" provided always that she shall be ruled by him in marriage". 
Wife. Margaret. " Third son. Peter." 

Executors. Wife, and John Newton of Hieghley. (Sheriff in 
1638.) 

A long will, with many provisions for his younger children, and 
charges on his lands in their favour. 

1637. 

861. Ffrancis Morris, Norbury. 

Sons. William, Richard (ex'r). Wife. Margaret. Daughter. 
Joanne. 

134. John Lewis Cad waladr 1 of Hopton (Kerry), Churchstoke. 
Eldest son. John Lewis. Sons. Edward, Reynolde. Lewis 
Cadwaladr, my father, and Humphrey Lloyd (executors). 
Witnesses. Catherine Cadwaladr, Elizabeth Cadwaladr. 

1638. 
137. David Powell, Weston, Chnrchstoke. 

"Grandchildren. Charles and John Price, gent., being my 
daughter's sons." " To my nephew, Charles Powell, and unto Lewis 
Powell, my reputed son, and son of John Evans" ; to sisters, Mary 
Pugh and Mary Price, widdows, <40. " To Mary Powell, al's Mary 
Hatton, wife of Christopher Hatton, 20." The testator bequeaths 
two acres of land, called Cae ddu, in Brompton parish of Church- 
stoke, to the poor of Churohstoke. To my nephew, Charles Moris, 
gent., 50*. Testator leaves 50 to be expended upon his monu- 
ment or tomb. 

Daughter. Susanna Price, and Ezra Thomas, gent, (executors). 
Overseers. Samuel Edwards and Richard Griffiths, gent. 

Witnesses. John Powell and William Home, Moses Cadd'r, Her- 
cules Price. 

A codicil is added, in which occur Thomas Matthews, gent., 
Andrew Ward, Richard Parnell, my reputed son, and son of John 
Gibbs. 

258. Hugh ap Evan of Whitcot, Clun. 

Wife. Elinor. Son and heir. Richard. Son. Robert. To 
Gwenllian, wife of Silvanus Jones. To Moris Jones of Woodbach, 
40s. Many bequests to members of families of " Bright" and " Dye". 
To Margery Powell Dye, 40s. To Margaret and Jane ap Evan, 
20s. Many other small bequests. 

1640. 

503. Thomas Lloyd, Bettws. 

Sons (eldest and heir). John (ex'r). Second son. William. 
Thomas. To Daughters (eldest), Bridgett, 30 ; Margaret, wife of 
Francis Ffarmer of Grete ; Blanche, 30. Wife. Sara. 

1 L. S., 6 Jas. I (Voluntary Aid). Lewis Cadwaladr paid for 
Hopton (Kerry), xiic?. 



78 

164]. 

135. Richard ap David, Churchstoke. 

To grandchild, Anne Thomas, one close of land called Cloyes y 
Kellunen (2 acres), and another, Little Berth Lloid (4 acres), and 
several " ridges" in " Mellington's fylde". Grandchild, Mychael 
Thomas, brother of Anne. My cosen, Jane Thomas. Cosen. 
Morris Powell. 1 

540. John Evans, Llanfairwaterdine. 

To Bees ap Griffith, my uncle, of Llanfairwaterdine, 11, which 
I owe him. To Richard Evans, my younger son, 20. To 
daughter Margaret, 20. Wife. Margaret (sole ex'r). Owen, 
eldest son. 

594. Humphrey David Lloyd of Little Hem, Forden. 

Will dated 24th October 1633. He left to Catherine his wife 
the lease of the tenement wherein he lived, taken from Rees Jones, 
gent; also all his goods, movable and immovable, except that he 
left to his son Richard one-half, or a " moyety of my Looms and 
other necessaries thereunto belonging. Item, I give and bequeath the 
other moyety, or one-half of my Looms and necessaries thereunto 
belonging, to my son ffoulke Lloyd, in manner following, viz.: that soe 
long as he stayeth with my wife, Katherine Lloyd, he is to have the 
third part that he getteth by his work in weaving ; and whenever 
he departeth from his said mother, Katherine Lloyd, then the 
Looms and other the necessaries belonging thereunto be divided 
between my said sons, Richard and ffoulke Lloyd." 

To his son Edward he bequeathed the sum of twelvepence ; to 
Margaret Lloyd, his daughter, he left his "best pann and best pott". 
He constituted Catherine, his wife, sole executrix. 

1642. 

388. William Price, Chirbury. 

Mentions his father, John, his wife, Eliza or Elizabeth, whom he 
nominated his executrix (she is not mentioned in the will by name). 
This will, which has a perfect small seal of a lion passant, is 
witnessed by Edward Lewis, vicar of Chirbury. 

1644. 

527. Thomas Meredith, Hyssington. 

Uncle. Humphrey Lewis and his 4 children, viz., Humphrey, 
Anne, John, Vincent. Brother-in-law. Ffraiicis Rees. Sister. 
Jane, Johane, Marie. Uncle. John Lucas and his sister Margaret. 
BrotJier. Peter Meredith. 



1 L. S., 6 Jas. I (Voluntary Aid). Rich'd ap D'd ap Owen paid 
for Hurdley, 



AT HEREFORD REGISTRY. 



79 



864. Thomas Dudlicke, Billingsley (nuncupative). 
To daughters, Margaret (3), Anne (,4). Wife. Elizabeth. 
Witnesses. Humphrey Dillow, John Smithe, and others. (Vide 
Wills No. 795 (1556) and No. 818 (1589.) 

1650. 

529. Richard Griffiths of Hyssington. 

Left money to his " loving friend Blanche Walters", whom he 
nominated his executrix. 



SUBSIDY KOLL FOR THE HUNDRED OF 
CHIRBURY. 

Extract from Lay Subsidy Roll iff, 39 Eliz. t Record Office. 



ASSESSMENTS FOR THE HUNDRED OP CHIRBURY, SALOP. 



Vills. 


Names. 


Rate. 


Tax. 


CHIRBURY 


Willimus Hopton, 1 ar. 


in terris 


jdi. 


xls. 




Francis Newton, 2 ar. 


in terris 








Alice Vaughan, vid. 


in bonis 








W'm Ffoulke . 


in bonis 






STOCKTON 


Georgius Harries, 3 gen. 


in terris 


Hi. 


xs. 




Ric'us Penne, 4 gen. 


in terris 


xls. 


viijs. 




Edmondus Lloyd, 5 gen. 


in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 




Joh'es Lloyd, 6 gen. 


in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 


MARTON 


Willi'ms Bray 


in bonis 


iijK. 


viijs. 




David Smythe 


in bonis 


iijfri. 


viijs. 




Willi'ms ap John Gough 


in t'mentis 


xxs. 


iiijs. 




Georgius Lloyd? 


in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 


HARRINGTON 


Ric'us Lloyd, 8 ar. . 


in terris 


iiijli. 


xvjs. 




Ric'us Lloyd, 9 senior 


in bonis 


vli. 


xiijs. ivd. 




Rowland Donne . in tenementis 


xxs. 


iiijs. 




Henricus Speake . 


in bonis 







1 His grandfather, William Hopton, had a grant of the Monastery of Chir- 
bury, 39 Hen. VIII. 

2 Of Heightley, Chirbury, and Sheriff of Montgomeryshire in 1595. 

3 He married Mary, daughter of John Herbert of Cemmes. 

4 He married Catherine, sister of George Harries. 

5 He was sixth son of Eichard Lloyd of Marrington and Lucy Powell of 
Ednop. 

6 He was second son of Richard Lloyd and Lucy Powell. 

7 He was fourth son of Eichard Lloyd and Lucy Powell. 

8 Eldest son of Eichard Lloyd, and Sheriff of Montgomeryshire in 161fi. 

9 Uncle of the above, and youngest son of Oliver Lloyd of Marrington. 



80 



SUBSIDY ROLL FOR CHIRBURY. 



ASSESSMENTS (continued). 



Vills. 


Names. 


Bate. 


Tax. 


BROMPTON 


Lewys Lloyd 1 . . in terris 


xxxs. 


vjs. 


TTMBEETH 


John Aldwell 3 . . in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 




Georgius Braye . . in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 


DUDSTON 


Hugh Braye . in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 


RISTON 


Robertas Mydleton, gen., in terris 


xxxs. 


vjs. 


MYDDLETON 


Rowland Mydleton, 3 gen., in terr. 


iiijK. 


viijs. 




Joh'es ap Richard, 4 sen'r, in bonis 


iiijli. 


viijs. 




Joh'es ap Richard, jun'r, in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 


PRIEST WESTON ... 


Oliver Redge* . . in terr. 


xxs. 


iiijs. 




Wm Speake ... in terr. 


iijli. 


xijs. 




Philip Speake 6 . . in terr. 


xxxs. 


vjs. 


ROREINGTON 


Robert Cromp . in tenementis 


xxs. 


iiijs. 




Edrus Braye ... in terris 


xxs. 


iiijs. 




Tho's Watters . in tenementis 


xxs. 


iiijs. 



1 He was ninth son of Richard Lloyd and Lucy Powell. 

2 The date of his will is 1592, wherein he is styled " John Aldwell the 
younger, of Timberth" (Hereford Probate Registry). The will of another John 
Aldwell of Timberth, Chirbury, is dated 1606. 

3 He was the eldest son of Hugh Middleton of Middleton, Chirbury, by 
Alice, daughter of Richard Purcell of Onslow, Salop. 

4 His daughter, Bridget, married Edward Pryce of Gunley. 

5 He was the second son of John Ridge, fifth in descent from "Walter 
Bowdler (descended from the De Boulers, Lords of Montgomery), who 
called himself Ridge because that his dwelling was in the house on ye 
Ridge." Visitation of Salop, 1584. 

6 Younger son of Henry Speake of Marrington, above, who mentions him 
in his will, dated 5th March 1598. Hereford Probate Registry. 



81 



HERBERTIANA. 



WILLIAM/ SECOND DUKE OF Powis. 

Some letters written to him from St. Germains, France, in the 
year 1696. 

Add. MS. No. 28,919 (one of the Ellis papers) is 
a collection of intercepted Jacobite correspondence. 
Among the letters in this volume there are several 
written to and intended for William, fourth Lord, 
and second Duke, Marquis and Earl of Powis, but 
which never reached him. 

At the time these letters were written he was 
keeping out of the way, to avoid arrest under the pro- 
clamation which had been issued for his apprehension 
on suspicion of abetting the French in a threatened 
invasion of England. They were all written at St. 
Germains, and enclosed to Mary, his sister, daughter 
of William Herbert, and second wife of Francis 
Browne, fourth Viscount Montague. The first letter 
(i) below is one written by John Daniel to Lady 
Montague, dated 21 Nov. 1696, and is not signed; it 
has a seal. He refers to William, the second Duke, as 
"Mr. Wil. Sibson". It will be seen that all the principal 
persons are referred to by fictitious appellatives. The 
second letter (n) is from the same person to the 
second Duke. The third (in) is to the same, from 
Mary Beatrice, second wife of James II ; is in her own 
handwriting, and unsigned ; in it she refers to the 
King as her "partner". The fourth (iv) is from 
Father Long, confessor to James II, to the same, and 

is signed. The fifth (v) and last is from Mrs 

Grif., housekeeper to the first Duke, written to the 

1 See Mont. Coll., vol. v, p. 190 ; also p. 353, et seq. 
VOL. XIX. G 



82 HERBERTIANA. 

second Duke, and is not signed. As the object each 
writer had in view, though written in veiled and 
guarded language, is plainly discernible, comment is 
unnecessary. The writer of these lines, conceiving these 
letters throw further light upon an obscure part of the 
history of the illustrious family of Herbert, has copied 
them for preservation in the Montgomeryshire Collec- 
tions. 

NELLIE ROWLEY-MORRIS. 

London, Dec. 31, 1885. 



(I.) 

No. ye 21, '96. 

MADAM, I gave myself ye honor of writing to y'r L'p some time 
since by order of y'r sister. This is on another subiect, to beg you 

would have ye ity 1 to send ye enclosed to Mr. Wil. Sibson. I 

should not have been so bold, but that I hope his weak and poor con- 
dition will plead my pardon; and I know you are not better pleased 
than when employed in charitable actions, soe shall say noe more for 
myself in my excuse and behalf of my poor friend Mr. Sibson, 
whom I hope with care will recover, but as I yet hear is not too well. 
Bee pleased to lett me know whether ys (this) shal come to y'r handes, 
or at least to mention it when you write to y'r sister. 

[No signature.] 



(II.) 

No. ye 21, 1696. 

S'R, This I hope will find you better then you have been of late, 
or at least upon recovery, w'h I heartily wish you. I know the con- 
cern you take in w't regards Mr. Lucas's 2 son, wh't makes me 
trouble you with ye long acc'ts. I know you have charity enough to 
give him ye best advice; and really his present disposition and youth 
stands in need of such helps ; soe pray give him ye best counsel you 
can, for I should be glad to see him well settled and become a sober 
man, that he may be a comfort to his friends and relations. 

I have taken ye boldnesse to send ys to L. Monaigne. I hope she 
will not be offended at ye liberty I take. Be pleased to make my ex- 
cuses to her if she should. I was unwilling to put you to the 
expense; letters cost money, and really at least, I iudge by myself it 

1 A crease in the paper at this point has obliterated the letters 
where I have dotted. I conjecture the word intended is "generosity" 
or "civility". 

2 William, first Duke of Powis. See Mrs. Grif.'s letter below. 






HERBERTIANA. 83 

is scarce. Y'r sister "Lu" 1 is well; her prayers are not wanting, nor 
good wishes for y'r health ; but I assure you noe one does more sin- 
cerely then myself. If I can serve you in anything, pray let me hear 
from you, indeed, I will doe it to ye best of my poor power, as being, 

S'r, y'r humble servant, 

Superscribed: These JOHN DANIEL. 

ffor Mr. Sibson, etc. 

(III.) 

Nov. the 14.2 

It has not been without a great del of constraint to myself that i 
have thus long forboren writting to you. Nothing but the fear of 
doing you harme could have kept me from doing it at a time when 
mor then ever you deserve it of me, and that indeed should keep me 
still ; but hearing that seueral letters have got safe to you this way, 
i do hope this will have the same good fortune, and therefor i 
venture to tell you that my partner 3 and i have been and are still 
in the greatest concerne imaginable for your sicknesse 4 ; and tho' wee 
are in hopes that the remedy s you take will keep you out of danger, 
yett wee can not be at ease nor free from fears when we think of 
your condition, nor is ther anything wee would not do to mend it. 
Wee have also shared with you in the love of your father, in whom 
my partner has lost a most honest, zealous servant, and i a most 
faithful friend, i have seen with some trouble a (letter) from you 
upon this subject, in which you seem to believe you have been 
forgott and iniured in your affairs 5 here ; but i hope that has been 
only a flying thought, for if otherways, i must call it a wrong iudgment ; 
and you will find it so when you are truly informed of all that has 
passt, which no man can do so well as your father's ghostly father, 6 
which is the same that my partner has, and who's word, upon mine, 
you may take. i have therefore desired him to give you an 
account of what matters of fact he knows, and the rest will be given 
you by others next post, i send his 1're enclosed with this, and i 
hope it will gett safe to you; in the meantime i coniure you to 

1 " Lu" is inserted above the line as if it were an afterthought, so 
as clearly to distinguish who the writer meant ; he refers, of course, 
to Lady Lucy, who had just then entered the convent. 

2 The Queen has written here : " I putt this note in the long tre, and 
seale with the little scale that I believe you will remember." The 
writing is inverted, written on the margin. The whole letter is written 
on half a sheet of note-size paper. 

3 King James the Second. 

4 Referring to his threatened apprehension. 

5 The meaning of this will appear on perusing the two following 
letters. 

6 Father Long, confessor to King James the Second. 

G 2 



84 HERBERTJANA. 

beleeve that wherever i am i shall suffer no wrong to be done to you, 
but shall ever procure you all the good i can. As to the personal 
estate your father left, it is all in the hands you desired it should be 
kept, which my partner and i had ordered, even before we heard you 
desired it, excepting a few things your sister has borrowed to make use 
of in the convent where she now lives, which i am sure you would 
not have refused her had you been hear yourself; and the two wills 
are in the ghostly father's hands, as your father himself desired, 
wher i can assure you they are as safe as in your owne. i have taken 
the paines to enter in this detaille to remoove any Jealousy that you 
might have had of your friends hear, which I think are all very true 
and sincere to you. i am sure i can answer for myself, that i have all 
the esteem and friendship for you that you have so well deserved 
from me ; i can answer as much for my partner. 

[No signature.] 



(IV.) 

14 Nov. 1696. 

SIR, I hear, and am concern'd, that I and some of my friends 
here have been represented to you as too busy and importune w'th 
y'r father during his last sickness in favor of y'r sister, to y'r preiui- 
dice ; but that w'ch concerns me most is, I am credibly inform'd, 
that these representations have found so much credit w'th you as to 
incline you to believe they are true and much in ye wrong ; yet I 
hope you are not so far prevented w'th any fals stories that may 
have been written to you, but that you are still willing to hear ye 
truth, and so be better informed. In these hopes, I take the liberty to 
give you the following account. 

The first time I euer spoke to your Father concerning his will, was 
upon what his Lawer told me and others, that ye will he had made 
was defective and worth nothing ; and then I only told him what his 
Lawer sayd, and desired him to advise w'th his Lawer upon it, and 
to rectifie what should be amiss, as he was in prudence and lustice 
bound ; but he did not then think fit to make any change in his 
former will. This happened long before his last sicknesse, and I spoke 
no more to him of it till his dangerous accident, when he was abroad, 
and then I thought myself obliged to mind him again of it, as I did ; 
and he seem'd then to take it to heart, and order'd me to send him a 
Lawer to make a new will, and to rectify ye defects that were in the 
former, w'ch he had made some years before ; and I then proposed to 
him the leaving some part of what he had certain to y'r sister, she 
being ye only child unsettled and unprovided for, w'ch he seemed to 
think reasonable ; bat growing soon better, he as soon changed his 
mind, and thought no more of a new will; nor did I speak any more to 
him about it till after our return home, nor then but when he_began 
ye discours himself; and finding him run into some head against his 
Lawer for saying that his former will was not good, I let ye discoursse 



HERBERTIANA. 85 

fall, and desired him not to be angry that I had let him know what 
his Lawer sayd, for I thought myself obliged in conscience to it. This 
is all that past betwixt y'r Father and me in relation to a new will, 
till he went to ye waters, where he stayed some time ; but finding 
himself wors, and fearing he shou'd not be able to reach home, in his 
return home he made a deed of gift of all his personal estate in favor 
of y'r sister ; but because I was not there, and knew nothing of it till 
it was done, I shall refer you to the testimony of another for what 
past there. 

After his return home he seemed dissatisfy'd w'th that deed of 
gift, and spoke to me once of it w'th some concern, upon considera- 
tion of ye circumstances you were in. I told him that y'r circum- 
stances and y'r sister's were very hard, and that you ought to be con- 
sidered in ye first place, and hers not forgotten, and therefore my 
opinion was that you both ought to share of that little he had certain 
to dispose off; but if he was resolu'd to leave you the whole personal 
estate, that it was but reasonable he shou'd make y'r sister some 
recompence by encreasiug her portion in ye new will he design 'd to 
make ; and I am sure yo'r best friends here thought so too, consider- 
ing your sister's age, and ye uncertainty of all else he had to leave 
her. After this I never spoke to him more of these matters till his 
last will was made, so far was I from importuning him. At ye signing 
and sealing of this will, he made some difficulty about the yearly 
interest of y'r sister's portion ; but all ye witnesses that were present, 
and ye Lawer who drew his will, thought what y'r Father proposed 
not reasonable ; so after some Debate he agreed to what they say'd, 
and ye will was sign'd and seal'd. From that time I never open'd 
my lips to y'r Father about his temporal concerns, tho' he liued 
many days after, and I was seldome absent from him, during w'ch 
time, whilst he was in his perfect senses, he did several times signify 
unto me ye great concern he was in for his \mkind usage of y'r 
Sister. He say'd she had always been a most dutiful and good child ; 
that he had been harsh and unkind to her ; that nothing troubled hint 
more now than his severe and unkind carriage to her ; that he knew 
not what reparation to make to her, but he wish'd that all maledic- 
tions might fall upon his son if he were not more kind to her than 
he had been ; and one evening he call'd me to his bed side and spoke 
to me as follows : 

S'r, I coniure, by all ye kindness and friendship you have for me, to 
tell me what I can do more for my poor Daughter, for I am not 
satisfy'd w'th what I have done for her. I answered that he had done 
very well for her, and that she was perfectly satisfy'd w'th what he 
had already done, and therefore I desired him not to trouble himself 
any further about it. He say'd he cou'd not dye contentedly unless 
he left her some further mark of his kindness. I say'd I wou'd ask 
her if she had a mind to any particular thing, w'ch he desired me 
to do ; but she returned no other answer than that she was very well 
satisfy'd w'th what he had done already for her, and beg'd of him 



86 HERBERTIANA. 

not to trouble himself any further about her. I carry'd back this 
answere to y'r Father, but he still persisted he must and wou'd do 
something more for her, and desired me to name ye chiefer things he 
had. I nam'd several, among others, ye pearle Necklace, w'ch he 
presently pitch'd upon, and say'd he wou'd give it her, and was im- 
patient till a Codicille was made to that effect. In this Codicille he 
desired that all shou'd be confirm'd he had geuen her in his will, and 
wou'd have it seal'd w'th his best seal. 

This is what y'r Father say'd and did during his last sickness in 
favor of y'r Sister, and he did it motu, proprio, without the least 
suggestion of anybody. I must further do y'r Sister the Justice, 
that I never saw one so neerely concern'd carry himselfe so dis- 
interestedly as she did in this whole business ; for tho' she knew what 
ye lawer had say'd of ye former will, yet she desired me seuerall 
times not to trouble her Father about it ; and you have heard ye 
answere she sent back to her Father when he was dispos'd to give 
her anything she cou'd ask of him. 

This is the true matter of fact, however it may have been repre- 
sented to you. I am sure and certain of what I here depose, that I 
cou'd swear to euery particular, were it necessary ; but I hope my 
word will be sufficient to make you suspend y'r belief to ye contrary 
information till I have ye honor to see you. If there be anything I 
have done in this business w'ch you are displeas'd at, or take less 
kindly, I humbly beg y'r pardon, and assure it was a fault of my 
understanding, and no want of good will, honor, or respect for y'r 
person, for I have all you can desire in a most sincere friend and a 
most faithful humble servant. 

FP. LONG. 

I will not make any reflections upon others, however uniust soever 
they may have been to me in their letters to you ; for my business is 
not to accuse others, but to clear myself of any fals aspersions they may 
have lay'd upon me ; but I fear they have not much consider'd what 
they charge others w'th, but only studyed to make their court to you, 
and by representing the great opposition they pretend to have met w'th, 
to make their care and zeal for y'r interest appear ye greater and their 
seruice the more considerable ; whether, if my fears be well grounded 
or no, you will be best able to judge by their letters or myne. I only 
beg one favor of you, that you suffer none to put you at difference 
w'th y'r Sister, as they did y'r Father, of w'ch he so much repented 
himself at his death, for I am confident she has all ye loue and 
affection for you a sister can have for a Brother, and that you will 
easily agree upon all matters when you meet, w'ch I wish with all my 
heart, and shall contribute all I can to, for I most sincerely loue and 
honor you both, and shall be always ready to giue ye best proof 
I am able of. 

Yo'r Sister has already given me under her hands, that as soon as 
you shall approve of y'r Father's will, she will remit to you ye Deed 
of Gift, w'ch is registered in ye Parliament of ye Towne where it was 
made. 



HERBERTIANA. 87 

Mra. Grif. has all thinges in her hands, except some few necessary 
things w'ch yo'r Sister borrowed for her present use, and ye will and 
Codicille of yo'r Father wou'd have put in my hands. I will soon 
send you a copy of them both, and I had sent them sooner, w'th an 
account of all that past, had I known how to do it securely, or had I 
thought you desired it, for I was told you did not desire to receive 
any letters from these parts. Y'r Father dyed as he liued, Christianly, 
and had all ye helps and Comforts you cou'd wish ; he is buryed by 
y'r Mother. Some little thing was dispos'd of for his soul. Y'r 
Sister is retired into a mon., where my Mistress is very kind to 
her. 

Superscription : 

ffor Mr. Sibson, these, etc. 

(V.) 

Nouember ye 10th. 

S'R, Last post I received yours, and finding by Mr. Daniell y't you 
weare not agaynst our mistres seeing off it, I thought it might be 
for y'r seruis to let them see ye deplorable condishon of your present 
curcumstances, and how you resented the management of ye affaires 
heare. When she 1 had read it, she said you spok like a mane off 
honnore and contience ; she read it to her husband, and then they bid 
me carie it to his Confessor, and let him read it. I found they had a 
mind to let him see y't you did not aproue off wh't was dune. I 
tould them I had not had y'r leaue to show it, and therefore was not 
willing to let him read it all. She tould me iff I would trust her 
with it she would send for him and read y't part, of it to him y't was 
fit ffor him to know. Next morning she gave me the Letter agen, 
and tould me y't ffor the wills he had them both, and would bring 
her the coppys of them, and then I should have it to send ; but for 
the deed off gift he must send for a copy off it to ye Towne where 
ye originall was, it being thear recorded, and y't that which was 
brought home w'th them was but a copy, and they did not know 
what was become off it. She sed she would writ her selff to you. 
This is all I have bine able to doe as yet. I have weigh'd all ye 
plate, and there is off french plate 169 mare 6 ounces at ye present; 
all y't w'ch has no soder in it will yield 30 Liuers ye mare, every 
mare being 8 ounces. Off irish plate there is 33 mare 4 ounces, 
which I doubt not will yeald aboue 27 Liuers ye mare. 

I have cast it up as neare as I cane, and it will com in ye wholl to 
5997 Liuers. 

As for ye Jewells, I dare not trust them out of my owne hands, and 
I have not bine well thes 15 days, soe not able to goe with them 
myselff ; but I hop by the time I get the papers to send you I shall 
be able to give an account of them. I know that all sorts of Jewells 
are very cheape heare at this time. Ye plate is not very much worne, 

1 The Queen. 



88 HEEBERTIANA. 

but out of Fashion, most of it being bought at second hand. The 
table Linin is most off it very good ; I did not give the best part off 
it out to be used but seldom ; the sheets are all much worne, unless 
it be three or four p'r. The damask beds and ye wrought bed is 
very good and cleane, but (if) they weare to be sould heare they 
would not yeld half they are worth. 

There is also a great many books, which will not come to ye 5th 
part off w't they cost iff they come to be sould. As for the things 
that Lu 1 has taken with her into ye monastery, she must deliver 
them wheneuer you pleas to call for them; tho' had I forseen it 
would have bine soe disagreeable to you, she should not have taken 
them ; but when I have an oportunity to tell you my reasons, you will 
perhaps not think me altogether in the fault. As for Mr. Lucas, 2 he 
was brought home from the waters in a litter, very weak and ill, and 
very much swel'd with his dropsy, upon ye 15th off June. After 
he had bine at home 2 or 3 days we thought him a Little better. 

But then they found he still swel'd, and ye D'rs concluded he 
could not Last Long. He was prevailed with to mak his will, and after 
y't had all ye rights off ye Church, and desired he might be noe more 
troubled with any worldly affairs, but was very well resigned, and 
soe patient y't he was never heard to repine at his sufferinge, which 
was very great he was worne away to skin and bone. For 15 days 
before he dyd he hardly took notice of anybody, nor very rarelly 
opened his eyes ; he lost his memory very much ; he had a good 
pulce to ye last, and was in his agony aboue 24 hours, in which 
time he was hardly sencible at all. He was buryed by his mistris 
before our Ladye's Alter in ye parrish church. They are both in 

Lead Coffins, and weare both buried at ye expence off my ould Mrs 

hear. At ye beginning of his sickness his son run very much in 
his head ; he sed offten he desired noe worldly comfort as long as he 
lived but to see his son and Mr. Daniell; but as he grew towards his 
end he lost his memory quite. One day he cal'd to his man and sed, 

Whear am I, at p castle ore at my hous in London ? They tould 

him neyther, and tould him where he was. O Lord, ses he, wh't doe 
I doe heare ? All his saruants has bene taken care off but 3, Jinny, 
Mall Baker, and Daniell. He did oft desire his daughter to take 
care off Mall, but she took a strainger, and has left Mall, who is for 
ye present with me. Jinny 3 has 15 pence a day off your money; he 
cannot well subsist heare with Les, all things are soe dear. I per- 
swaded Daniell to Live with a gentleman heare for ye present ; he 
was very unwillinge, fearinge he might not be taken into y'r 
family agen, whear he would live upon bread and water rather than 
seek advantages ellce wheare. His M'r Loved him very well, and he 

1 Lady Lucy. 

2 William, first Duke of Powis. 

3 This word looks like "Jinny"; if it be so, then Mrs. Grif. meant 
to write "she", not "he", in the next line. 



HERBERTIANA. 89 

has served him 7 years with as much affection and respect as any 
servant he ever had in his liffe. He writs and casts acounts very 
well, and shaues well, and is a uery trusty, honest fellow. As ffor 
myself, I arn very obliged to you ffor ye confydence you have had in 
me, and I am troubled that it has not bene in my power to searve 
you soe effectuall as I desir'd. I am tould that our M'r 1 was speaking 
of Mr. Sibson to them, and sed he beleaved he could not recover without 
chainging ye aire ; iff soe, ye sooner ye better, for in all apearance this 
is the time he cane best be spard. 2 Mr. Lucas having given in his 
will a 1000 for his sowll and other pious uses, did not name anything 
more, but his gostly father axt him iff he would order some little 
thing for ye present for his sowll. He said yes, w't he plead 
(1 pleased). Soe as soon as the funerall was ouer I went to him to axe 
w't he thought fit to be given ; soe he said he thought a 100^., which 
I gave him. As soone as I can get the coppy's to send you shall 
heare from me agen, y't am your most humble servant. 

[No signature.] 



EDWARD, FIRST LORD HERBERT OF CHIRBURY. 

(Supplemental, 3 ) 

In a venerable old mansion, LOSELEY, near Guildford, 
in Surrey, were preserved by its possessors, the family 
of More, a collection of manuscripts and other rare 
documents, illustrative of some of the more minute 
particulars of English history, biography, and manners, 
from the reign of Henry VIII to that of James I. 
These, under the title of the Loseley Manuscripts, were 
edited by Alfred John Kemp, F.S.A., and published in 
1836. 

Amongst them are to be found four letters, addressed 
by Edward Herbert, afterwards Sir Edward Herbert, 
created, in 1625, Lord Herbert of Castle Island, to Sir 
George More, who had purchased his wardship. 

We shall extract from this volume the four letters, 

1 The King. 

2 A hint to the Duke to try and get out of England ; but this he 
failed to do, as he surrendered himself in Dec. 1696, was committed 
to Newgate, where he remained for six months, and was then bailed 
out. 

3 See Mont. Coll., vol. vi, p. 415, et seq. 



90 HERBERTIANA. 

also the preliminary remarks with which they are pre- 
faced, from which it will be seen that Sir George More 
was connected with Sir Francis Newport, the maternal 
uncle of Edward Herbert, and was treated by the 
latter as a father, and in the most intimate and affec- 
tionate manner. They reveal some particulars connected 
with the marriage of Edward Herbert which are not 
published in his biography, and supply sundry inci- 
dents in the management of his property during his 
minority, in addition to his own statement, when he 
had attained the age between eighteen or nineteen 
years : " My mother, altho' she had all my father's 
leases and goods, which were of great value, desired 
me to undertake that burden of providing for my 
brothers and sisters, which, to gratify my mother, as 
well as those so near me, I was voluntarily content to 
provide thus far, as to give my six brothers 30 apiece 
yearly during their lives, and my sisters 1,000 apiece, 
which portions married them to suitable partners." 

In this volume a facsimile is given of E. Herbert's 
signature to the first letter, dated 17th August 1602, 
which is taken as being " Herbert" only, and as if he 
were then a peer. In the preliminary remarks of the 
editor, Mr. Kempe, he is invariably mentioned as Lord 
Herbert. This is a mistake, as he was plain Edward 
Herbert until he was made a Knight of the Bath at 
the coronation of James I, in 1603. He was created an 
Irish peer, "Lord Herbert of Castle Island", in 1625, 
and an English peer, as "Lord Herbert of Chirbury", 
in 1629. 

The letters and remarks throw fresh light upon the 
biography of this remarkable individual. 



" The four following letters of Edward [Herbert, afterwards 
created], Lord Herbert of Cherbury, are addressed to Sir George 
More, whom he calls his father, for reasons which we shall sub- 
sequently state. Brief as these letters are, they are highly 
characteristic of the extraordinary personage who penned 
them, and, as autograph specimens of his epistolary style, are 



HERBERTIANA. 9 1 

singular curiosities. They are dated 1 from Eyton, in Shrop- 
shire, one of the seats of his maternal ancestors, the Newton's, 2 
where he was born in the year 1581. He died at London in 
1648, and was buried at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields. 

****** 

" His matrimonial alliance was as remarkable as the other cir- 
cumstances of his life. At the age of fifteen, whilst he was a 
student at Oxford, a marriage was concluded for him by 
his relatives with the rich heiress of Sir William Herbert, 3 
of St. Julian's, Monmouthshire, herself in her twenty-first year, 
and solemnised 28th February 1598. He repaired again to 
Oxford, continued his studies, and before he attained the age 
of twenty-one had ( divers children'. He 4 then formally com- 
municated to his wife his desire to travel, and parted with 
her, some reluctance being expressed on her side, for the 
Continent. 

" We have now to notice the sense in which Lord Herbert, in 
the following letters, called Sir George More his father, an 
epithet, the reasonable application of which puzzled us ex- 
ceedingly, until it was explained by a document in Sir George 
More's own hand in these MSS. It is well known that the 
Crown, until the time of Charles II, on the death of any of its 
tenants in capite, took possession of the estate until the heir 
came of age, when he paid a relief for its livery. Hence was 
established the Court of Wards and Liveries, and the king 
had the power of appointing a guardian to the minor, which 
guardian enjoyed during his nonage the profits of the estate, 



1 Or, rather, the first of them : the other three from Montgomery 
Castle. 

2 Should be Newports, his mother, Magdalene, having been the 
daughter of Sir Richard Newport and Margaret, daughter and heir 
of Sir Thomas Bromley, one of the Privy Council and Executor of 
Henry VIII. 

3 Sir William, heir male of the old Earl of Pembroke, had made a 
will, whereby he left all his estates in Monmouthshire and Ireland to 
his daughter, on condition that she married one of the surname of 
Herbert, otherwise the said lands were to descend to his heirs male, 
and his daughter to have only a small portion out of his lands in 
Anglesea and Carnarvonshire. Herbert's Autobiography. 

4 He had proposed that his wife should assure upon his son, 
Richard, any quantity of lands, from 300 a year to 1,000, and he 
would do the like ; but his wife did not approve of the project, and 
said that she would not draw the cradle upon her head, and appeared 
not very well contented. Herbert's Autobiography. 



92 HERBERTIANA. 

providing only for the minor's support and education. These 
wardships were therefore much sought for, and purchased for 
a pecuniary consideration. Sir George More of Loseley, from 
a family connection, probably, of which we have not found any 
distinct trace in the MSS., obtained the wardship of Lord 
Herbert of Cherbury, who subscribes himself Sir George's 
' adopted son in name, but natural all other ways'. We suspect 
that a sister of Sir George More, who had married a Shropshire 
knight, Sir George Mainwaring of Ightfield, had for a second 
husband Sir Francis Newport, maternal uncle to Lord Herbert 
of Cherbury, as Sir George styles Sir Francis Newport his 
brother, in a document extant in the Loseley MSS., which 
appears to be a recapitulation of his claims as a guai'dian upon 
Lord Herbert's estate at the time we suppose he came of age ; 
it is headed, 'The case bet n my son and me is this.' It is 
remarkable that this paper corrects a passage in Lord Her- 
bert's own memoir, in which he states that his mother, per- 
ceiving his father's disease mortal, thought fit to send for him 
home, and presently, after kis father's death,to desire her brother, 
Sir Francis Newport, 1 to hasten to London to obtain his ward- 
ship for his and her use jointly, in which application he suc- 
ceeded. Whatever the private understanding between the 
parties might be in respect of the receipts of the estate, Sir 
George More, and not Sir Francis Newport, was Lord Her- 
bert's guardian. Sir Francis, however, appears to have con- 
tributed largely to the expense of procuring his wardship. 

" Sir George More says, in the paper to which we have above 
alluded : My son being under age at the time of his father's 
death, I procured his wardship (with much trouble to my 
brother, Sir Francis Newport), besides the expence of 800 in 
the obtaining of it, and being thus possessed of it, whereas I 
might have married him without disparagement for 3,000. 
I did not only not marry him for money, as well I might have 
done, but, with the expence of almost 1,000 more, the particu- 
lars -whereof are hereto annexed, procured him a marriage with 
not much less than 30,000, in sure confidence that, when by 
his marriage he should be enabled, he would give me good 
satisfaction for the value of his marriage, and all other snmmes 
thus for his good disbursed, which he performed accordingly ; 
and as sufficiently as then, by reason of his nonage, he could, 
he made his assignment of certain leases which in his wife's 



1 Ancestor of the Earls of Bradford, and descended from Griffith 
ap Wenwynwyn. 



HERBERTTANA. 93 

right lie was possessed of, to my brother, Sir Francis New- 
port, in these terms : 

" 'Know ye, that I, Edward Herbert, as well for and in con- 
sideration of divers great summes of money by Francis Newport, 
my loving and careful uncle, disbursed for and towards pro- 
curing my wardship, as also divers other great summes for me 
and to my use, and for my occasions disbursed and expended, 
have demised, graunted, assyned, and set over,' etc. 

" These sums were advanced to Sir George More for the pur- 
pose above cited ; and some of them Sir George refers to, as 
having been obliged to repay to his brother, Sir Francis, he 
wanting to complete a purchase he had made. 

" The whole property of Lord Herbert and his wife appears at 
length to have devolved to Sir George More's management ; 
for he states, in his draft of memorial, that Lord Herbert's wife's 
estate was so entangled with great debts that the breath of a 
single creditor might have overthrown it ; and, that with many 
griefs of mind and hazard of his own estate (if Lady Herbert 
had died without issue), he paid them." 



Lord Herbert to his Father in Wardship, Sir George More. 

WOORTHY FATHER, Yf I were perswaded that you did amare ex 
judicio, and not judicare ex amore, your good opinion of mee would 
make mee shewe more to deserve the continuance of it, then the 
greatest discouradgement of my little habilityes could prevaile to 
the breakinge of my weake beginninges. 

Least you should think this countrey ruder then it is, I have sent 
you some of our bread, w'ch I am sure wilbe dainty, howsoever it be 
not pleasinge ; it is a kinde of cake w'ch our countrey people use, 
and made in no place in England but in Shrewsbury ; yf you vouch 
safe the tast of them, you enworthy the countrey and sender. Measure 
not my love by substance of it, which is brittle, but by the forme of 
it, w'ch is circular ; and circulus, you knowe, is capacissima figura, 
to w'ch that mind ought to bee like, that can most worthily love 
you. Yet I would not have you to understand forme so as though 
it were hereby formall ; but, as forma dot esse, so my love and observ- 
ance to be essentiall ; and so wishing it worthy your acceptance, I 
rest, 

Your sonne that honoreth your worthe, 

HERBERT. 

Scribbled raptim, as you see, and hope will pardon. 

Eyton, this 17 of August 1602. 
To the right worthy and his honorable freend, 

S'r George More, Knight, his beloved father, etc. 



94 HERBERTIANA. 

NOBLE KNIGHTS, I perceyve your love placed in this our famely, 
to be as faithfull in continuance as it hath bene excessive in greatnes, 
when you will send to find us out in a corner among the toto divisos 
orbe Britannos. Such a love in these dayes wants an example, and is 
not like to be pattern'd ; only to us it is a comfort, that desire at 
least to be thankfull, that, seeinge it was begune w'thout our desert, 
we need not stand doubtfull of ourselves, as knowinge that his worthy 
disposition that begunne it of himselfe, will continue it as unde- 
servedly as hee did unmatchably enter into it. This small testimony 
doth your many kindnesses challenge at my hands, who doth more 
honor your virtues than the pied outside of any hereditary nobility. 

I heare of your indeede royal intertainment of the King ; a 
happines able to make you forget yourself, much more your remote 
freends, were it not you. 

I am very sory to heare of the increase of the plague, w'ch, besides 
many inconveniencies, will hinder our meetinge this many a day, I 
feare. I pray God to stay his heavy hand, in whom I wish both our 
preservations, as, 

The sonne that lives more than half in his lovinge father, 

HERBERT. 

Montgomery Castle, this 28 of August 1603. 

I pray you present my due salutations to your Lady, and S'r 
Robert Moore and his lady, not forgetting good Mr. Foisted. 

To that worthy Knight, S'r George More, 

at his house, Loseley, in Surry, etc. 



If absence (noble Knight) could affoord frends a better testimony 
of love then remembrance, or remembrance expresse itselfe in a 
better fashion then in letters, to you especially, to your nought 
needinge selfe (if eyther invention or example would have yeelded 
mee a newer meanes), my ingaged love would not have omitted the 
execution of it to your worthy selfe, unto whom the greatest service 
I can professe is to little to be performed; but where meanes scant the 
manifestation of more, let your acceptance make that good w'ch my 
ability could make no better. I pray you thinke not that, because 
my letter contains not any essentiall busines, that therfore it is 
merely formall, but rather that my thanckefulnes would disclose it 
selfe in any shape sooner than forgoe the least occasion to she we 
howe many waies hee is Yours, 

HERBERT. 

Montgomery Castle, this 12 of October 1603. 
To my much honored father, 

S'r George More, Losely, in Surrey. 



HEKBERT1ANA. 95 

Your continuall remembrance of us (noble Knight), though it 
cannot adde to the opinion of your worthy love (onely in respect of 
your selfe worthy), yet it may confirme it, yf there can bee a confir- 
mation of that w'ch is held most assured. 

The barrenness of this countrey, as in all other thinges, is dilated 
into the scarsity of any occurents fitt your intertaininge; much unlike 
your parts, where all good varietyes warringe amonge themselves dis- 
tract the minde in their choyce, of some of w'ch, as you have made 
mee partaker, so the most acceptable beyond comparison was to heare 
of your health. 

Yf there be a Parliament shortly, yf I can, I will be one of the 
number, a burgesse or somethinge, rather then get out, for I thinke 
I shall give away my interest in this sheere to another ; not, makinge 
doubt to meete you there, though once in my hearinge you seemed 
to be weery of your beeing of the House. 

So w'th the protestation of an unfained affection to do you any 
acceptable service, I rest, 

Your adopted sonne in name, but naturall all other wayes, 

HERBERT. 

Montgomery Castle, this 4 of December 1603. 
I must give my lady great thankes (for in my letter I have testified 
of you) for my little brother. 

Mr. Henry Morrice remembers his love to you, w'th many thankes 
for your kind entertainment of him when he was w'th you. 
To his most honored father, 

S'r George More, Knight, at Loseley, geve these. 



HENRY ARTHUR, EARL OF Powis. 

(Supplemental. 1 ) 

WELLINS CALCOTT, gent., author of TJwughts Moral 
and Divine upon various Subjects, dedicates his work 
to Henry % Arthur, Earl of Powis, in flowing terms. 
The dedication commences : 

" The Honour conferred upon me, in the permission of your 
Lordship's Name to stand before this little work, is one of 
those testimonies the World are frequently furnished with, of 
your Lordship's benign and generous disposition. To serve 
mankind at all times, exacts the applause of the better few ; 

1 See Mont. Coll., vol. viii, p. 1. 



96 HERBERTIANA. 

but to protect the injured -and oppressed, commands the ap- 
probation of every individual. Such a Patron I found in your 
Lordship, who generously deign'd to pity my oppression and 
encourage this my juvenile undertaking." 

He alludes to " the slender title he had to his Lord- 
ship's favour, as his being a native of the county of 
Salop, and a burgess of Shrewsbury, and this would 
have been a feeble inducement for his having hoped 
for his Lordship's patronage, had he not known he was 
addressing a Herbert, who inherited every virtue that 
dignified his illustrious ancestors, and rendered him- 
self truly valuable to the community, in the eyes of 
both king and people." 

The work passed through four editions ; and pre- 
fixed to the fourth edition, in 1761, is a list of sub- 
scribers, numbering more than 1,200 persons. 

The author's allusions to his " oppression" and his 
"juvenile undertaking" are significant, but we are 
unable to explain them. 



97 



LLANWDDYN. 



PROPOSED PROJECT FOR DRAINING THE 
LLANWDDYN BOG. 

ABOUT the year 1760 a project was formed for draining 
the "Llanwddyn Bog" by Mr. Probert, a well-known 
land surveyor, who had a considerable reputation at 
that time. In Powis Castle Office there is a draft of 
his " proposals" for the operations suggested, which at 
the present time are of much interest. The great 
Llanwddyn Bog extended from near the village of 
Llanwddyn for nearly three miles up the valley, and 
will shortly be covered by the new lake, intended to 
be called " Lake Vyrniew", which the Corporation of 
Liverpool are now forming as a reservoir for supplying 
that city with water. This bog, Mr. Probert antici- 
pated, would be converted, by his proposed draining 
operations, into good sound land, which he estimated 
would be worth somewhere about 2 per acre. It had, 
however, another fate awaiting it, as it will form the 
principal portion of the bottom of the largest lake in 
Wales, and be covered with water of great depth. 



PROPOSALS for Draining LLANWDDYN BOG, a parcel of land 
in the parish of Llanwddyn and co. of Montgomery. 

First. IT is PROPOSED that a general cut sho'd be made 
from a Stank now put in the side of the River in the Earl of 

Powis's land above Pont y Wenydd, under the 

Bridge, and through sev'l lands belonging to the Earl of 
Powis, and to a turn in the said old River near . . . 

VOL. XIX. H 



98 LLANWDDYN. 

... as shown by the in the plan 1 annexed. 

And that the River which now runs down very 

rapidly from the Mill in the Village of Llanwddyn, through a 

piece of land belonging to the Earl of Powis, called 

into the before mentioned river, about ye above the 

bridge, by means of which the said River is pounded up and 
retarded in its course, is proposed to be turned or diverted 
from the said Mill in the Village, through several pieces of 

land, part of a farm in the holding of belonging to 

Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart., and across the Highway at the con- 
flux of another river (which arises in flood very rapidly from 
the hills above, and overflows, stagnates, and catches the low- 
lands), and to [illegible] lowest portion of the lands (now 

morasses belonging to by means of which cut and 

current of water, which will at all times keep the same open, 
the whole of which boggy lands may be drained), to joyn the 
other proposed cut in a piece of rnorass belonging to the said 
as described in the said Plan. 

Secondly. That the said Earl of Powis and every other 
proprietor shall give the lands for the said cut without any 
compensation from the other proprietors (save that the Earl 
of Powis shall have the bed of the present rivers running thro' 
his lands), and that the cuts shall be made, and from time to 
time kept open, and the breaches in the bank repaired at the 
joynt expense of the several proprietors of land receiving 
benefit therefrom, such expense to be settled, as well as the 
manner of making the said cuts, by five indifferent persons, 
to be nominated by the parties. 

Thirdly. That the Earl of Powis, the Lord of the Manor, and 
chief proprietor of the land, shall have the nomination of two 
of such referees; Sir W. W. Wynn, another; William Hum- 
phrey of Llwyn, Esq., another; and Mr. Jones and Mr. . . . 
. . . joyntly, the fifth. 



1 The plan is not now annexed. There are blanks left where the 
dotted lines appear. 






LLANWDDYN. 99 

SCARCITY OP WHEAT IN LLANWDDYN PARISH IN 1796. 

BY THE REV. ELIAS OWEN, M.A. 

The following very curious resolution, passed at a 
vestry held the 30th of January 1796, in the parish of 
Llanwddyn, throws very considerable light on the 
manners and customs of our forefathers. I may say, too, 
that such a minute reflects great credit upon the parish- 
ioners of Llanwddyn, who, to increase the quantity of 
wheat, actually deprived themselves of wheaten bread 
for many months, to the extent of one-third of the 
quantity that in previous years they were in the habit 
of using. 

The resolution was passed at a time when England 
had many wars on hand, both on the Continent and in 
India, and the scarcity of food implied by the resolu- 
tion might have been consequent upon those wars. 
Old people have often told me, that during the French 
war at the end of the last and the beginning of 
the present century, wheat was excessively dear, 
and almost beyond the reach of the poor, and 
that the people generally suffered dire want in those 
days. 

In days gone by, secluded districts such as Llan- 
wddyn were cut off from general intercourse with the 
country at large, and it was usual for such districts to 
grow wheat, barley, and oats sufficient for their own 
home consumption ; but they would be affected by 
scarcity in other parts of the kingdom; and the allusions 
in the following minute to the " next session of Parlia- 
ment", and the reduction "in the price of wheat 
throughout the kingdom", intimate that they expected 
an alleviation of their wants from without, rather than 
from within, their parish. 

Such a parish as Llanwddyn would meet the out- 
side world, on fair days, at Llanfyllin and Bala, where 
the mountain farmer would dispose of his sheep or their 

H 2 



100 LLANWDDYN. 

wool, or of his surplus cattle and ponies. Wheat would 
not be an object of barter with him, but rather, he 
might occasionally find it necessary to purchase a supply 
of this article ; for the inhabitants, in rainy harvests, 
would find it difficult to gather in the fruits of the 
earth. This year (1885) the writer made a journey to 
the parish on October 14th, partly with the intention 
of preaching a harvest thanksgiving sermon, but the 
grain was in many places still on the fields, and the 
harvest services could not, therefore, be held. It 
rained also for many days after the 15th, and the 
writer does not know how or when the ingathering 
took place. It is possible, in very extreme cases, 
when the weather has continued unpropitious for many 
weeks in succession, that the harvest in a mountain 
parish like Llanwddyn has been all but destroyed; and 
if the weather had been bad in 1795 at Llanwddyn, 
that might have caused the scarcity that was antici- 
pated in 1796. 

Whatever was the cause of the want, the parish- 
ioners determined, in a manly manner, to meet it. 

I will only add that I am indebted to the Rev. T. 
H. Evans, the vicar of the parish, for the extract which 
he kindly, at my request, made from one of the parish 
registers. 



A Copy of an Engagement agreed upon by the Principal 
Inhabitants of the Parish of Llanwddyn, at a Vestry 
held the 30th January 1796. 

" We, the undersigned Minister, Churchwardens, & principal 
Inhabitants of the parish of Llanwddyn, in the county of 
Montgomery & diocese of St. Asaph. In consequence of the 
deficient supply of wheat, and as means under Divine Provi- 
dence towards preventing the pressure of actual scarcity 
previous to the next harvest, do hereby jointly and severally 
engage that we will reduce the consumption of wheat in our 
several families by at least one-third of the usual quantity 



LLANWDDYN. 101 

consumed in ordinary times. And to this end we will either 
limit to that extent the quantity of fine wheaten bread used 
in our families ; or we will consume therein only mixed bread, 
whereof not more than one-third part shall consist of wheat 
flour ; or we will consume only a proportional quantity of 
mixed bread, of which no more than third parts shall consist 
of wheat flour, or a proportional quantity of bread made of 
wheat alone, from which no more than five pounds weight of 
bran per bushel is extracted. And we will prohibit as much 
as possible in our families the use of wheaten flour in any 
other articles than bread only. 

" This engagement shall remain in force until fourteen days 
after the commencement of the next Session of Parliament, 
unless the average price of wheat throughout the Kingdom 
shall be reduced before that time to eight shillings per Win- 
chester Bushel. 

"Dated this 30th day of January 1796. 

" Hugh Hughes, Minister. 

" Rees Evans & Thos. Gittins, Churchwardens. 

" John Davies, Robert Lewis, Humphrey Ellis, David 
Erasmus, Thomas Hughes, The mark X of Thos. 
Byner, principal Inhabitants/' 

It will be seen, from the wording of the document, 
that the inhabitants put themselves on short allowance, 
to avert the " pressure of actual scarcity previous to 
the next harvest". This shows that they were in the 
habit of providing for their own needs at home, and 
that they were in hopes that the coming harvest would 
relieve them of all anxiety. There is no similar entry 
in the parish books, and most likely the plan adopted 
answered the purpose. 

The various expedients adopted, or referred to as 
capable of being adopted, would convey the idea that 
that was not the first time that steps of the kind had 
been taken to avert want. The words are specific and 
clear. 

It strikes one as being singular that this resolution 
is drawn up in English, when the parish is so intensely 
Welsh ; and, further, it is worthy of notice, that the 
parties who sign the document are all able to write 
their own names, with, however, one exception, 



102 



LLA.NWDDYN. 



Thomas Byner, who, from his name, seems to have 
heen an alien. 1 This shows that the people were not so 
illiterate in those days as we, in these days, are apt to 
think they were. 



Calendar of State Papers (Domestic], 1603 to 1610. 

P. 533. 1609. July. Grant to Gwenhoyvar Lloyd of Llan- 
wddyn, co. Montgomery, of pardon for arson, she having been 
found guilty of burning the mansion house of David Vachan 
at Garthbwlch, same county. 



1 Byner, or Bynner (Ab Ynyr), is a thoroughly Welsh name, and 
is occasionally to be met with in other parts of Montgomeryshire. 
Sec. P.L.C. 



103 



A HISTORY 

O* THG 

PAKISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 1 

BY RICHARD WILLIAMS, F.R.H.S. 



CHAPTER I. PHYSICAL FEATURES AND DESCRIPTION, 
EXTENT AND POPULATION. 

THE parish of Llanbrynmair, St. Mary's on the Hill, 
is so called from the position of its church and its 
dedication to the Virgin. It is situated in the hundred 
of Machynlleth, in the cornot and manor of Cyfeiliog 
(with the exception of a very small portion which is in 
the manor of Talerddig), the cantref of Cynan, and 
province of Powys Wenwynwyn. It extends more 
than eleven miles in length and seven in breadth, and 
is bounded on the north and north-east by the parish 
of Llanerfyl, on the north and north-west by Cemmes, 
on the south by Trefeglwys, on the east by Carno, on 
the south-west and west by Penegoes, and on the west 
by Darowen. It is mainly composed of three valleys, 
and which nearly form a cross. It is a common saying 
that there is but one outlet that of the Twymyn 
valley, near Comminscoch without going up hill. The 
situation of the church also has this peculiarity, that 
being placed on the very summit of a little hill, near 
the centre of the parish, it has to be climbed up to on 
all sides, hence the old saying comparing it to a 
woman's breast, 

" Llanbrynrnair llun bron raerch." 

1 This account has been compiled largely from a Welsh Prize 
Essay by Mr. Thomas Jervis, Dolgadfan, and from documents and 
information supplied by the Rev. J. W. Kirkham, M.A., Rector of 
Llanbrynmair. 



104 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

The valleys already referred to are watered by three 
rivers the Twymyn ("hot, foaming"), or Afon Pen- 
nant, as it is sometimes called, the laen (" icy"), and 
the Clegyr (" cackling") which unite their waters near 
Tafolwern, the ancient seat of Owen Cyfeiliog. 

The scenery is richly and beautifully diversified ; in 
some parts it is highly picturesque. Two parallel 
chains of mountains run from north to south, and near 
the centre of the parish, out of the eastern chain, 
Newydd Fynyddog towers boldly above the rest. 
Among the hills are several remote glens of great 
wildness ; and near the southern extremity of the 
parish is a fine waterfall, called Ffrwd Fawr, cele- 
brated in verse by the poets Gwilym Cyfeiliog and 
Mynyddog, both natives of Llanbrynmair. After heavy 
rains this waterfall is very grand, the water having a 
perpendicular descent of nearly one hundred feet. 
About fifty years ago it was about one hundred and 
thirty feet high. There is, also, near the eastern 
boundary of the parish, on Cwmcalch mountain, a steep 
and narrow ravine, called Nant Ysgolion, from steps or 
ledges, which some say are artificial, in the sides of it, 
and by means of which an expert climber may reach 
the top from the bottom. The eminent poet, Morus 
Kyffin, wrote the following masterly stanzas to it : 

(t Creigle friw odle afradlon, ffwrnais 

Uffernol waedolion, 1 
Gelyn pob peth, difeth don, 
'Sgeler yw Nant Ysgolion. 

" Nid a'i njwy dramwy, dremyn anoleu, 

Anialwch ysgymun, 
Lie diras, ond lie 'deryn, 
Lleidr, a hydd : lie da er hyn." 

Greal, 1806, p. 308. 

The same poet, proceeding along the then highroad 
from Mewtown to Machynlleth, through the pass 
called Ewldi Cerhynt, which separates the Tccrannon 

1 " Waelodion" in another copy. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMATR. 105 

and Newydd Fynyddog mountains, wrote also the follow- 
ing Englyn to that pass : 

" Gerwin, lie cethiu coethwynt oer freisgiawg, 

Rhai frwysgai o'i helynt ; 
Anhygyrch, lie gwiwgyrch gwynt, 
Ami awr cur, yn Mwlch Cerhynt." Ibid. 

Taking our stand on the top of Newydd Fynyddog, 
we have a panoramic view of the whole parish. The 
upper or south-western end is called Pennant, or 
Pennant Bacho, as it was formerly called. 

" Ac yno tario hyd ddydd 
Yn Mhennant Bacho beunydd." L. G. Cothi. 

'A bold spur, called Gnippell, divides Pennant into two 
vales the eastern, called Cwm Crygnant, extending 
from Rhosgoch, on the confines of Trefeglwys parish, 
to Pennant Chapel; and the western, called Cwm 
Cilcwm, or Pennant The waterfall of Ffrwd Fawr is 
near the upper end of the latter, and the precipitous 
rocks known as Creigiaur Pennant and Craig yr 
Hwch form its western rampart. Both vales form a 
junction near Pennant Chapel, and constitute a toler- 
ably wide valley, flanked on the eastern side by the 
Tarannon range of mountains, the range on the western 
side being broken by several little valleys Cwm 
Caelan, Cwm Tyisaf, Cwm Dolgadfan, Cwmyrhin or 
Cwm Tawelan, Cwm Coch until we reach the Gwaelod, 
or " Bottom" of the parish, where the Twymyn, which 
we have hitherto followed, receives the waters of the 
laen and the Clegyr, or, as it is sometimes called, Afon 
y Pandy. The laen is formed chiefly by the junction 
near Dolgoch of two little brooks called Nant Cwm- 
calch and Nant Llwyncelyn ; and its valley, flanked on 
either side by Moel Caetwpa and Newydd Fynyddog, 
is exceedingly romantic, though the railway, which 
traverses its whole length, has somewhat marred its 
beauty. The Clegyr is formed of two streams, namely, 
Nantcarfan and Clegyrnant, both of which flow through 
wild and secluded dales, in the northern end of the 



106 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

parish, and form a junction at Rhiwsaeson. Yr Afon 
Gam (" the crooked river"), one of the principal tribu- 
taries of the Vyrnwy, rises near the northern extremity 
of the parish, and, after proceeding southward for a 
mile, takes a north-easterly course for another mile, 
and then enters the parish of Llanerfyl. The Tarannon 
river rises in the high table-land of the same name in 
the south-eastern corner of the parish, crosses the 
boundary in to the parish of Trefeglwys, and, after a 
course of nearly ten miles, joins the Ceryst, a little less 
than a mile above Caersws, where the united waters of 
both are lost in the Severn. 

"Pebylliawnt ar Tren a Tharanhon." 
(They would pitch their tents on Tren and Tarannon.) 

Taliesin " Ymarwar Ludd Mawr" (Myv. Arch.). 

In the high mountain land forming the extreme 
north-eastern corner of the parish there is a small lake, 
about 500 yards long by about 380 yards wide, called 
Llyn-gwydd-i6r, through which the boundary line 
between Llanbrynmair and Llanerfyl runs. The 
surrounding moors afford excellent grouse and snipe 
shooting. 

The Cambrian Bail way (opened in 1861) enters the 
parish a little to the east of Talerddig, where it attains 
its highest level, nearly 700 feet, and passes through a 
deep cutting the deepest, it is said, in Great Britain 
one of the sides forming an almost perpendicular 
wall of 113 feet high. From this point it goes for 
about three miles along a steep incline of 1 in 56, and 
in many places along an embankment 70 feet high, 
through a very narrow valley, affording the tourist 
highly picturesque views. 

The parish of Llanbrynmair is divided into five 
townships, namely, Pennant, Dolgadfan, Tirymyneich, 
Tafolwern, and Rhiwsaeson. It contains 19,006 acres 
of land, of which 2,326 are under cultivation, 9,318 are 
meadow or pasture, 1,284 woodland, and 6,078 moun- 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 107 

tain land, the latter affording good pasturage during 
the summer for sheep and young cattle. 

The population has been steadily decreasing during 
the last forty years, except for a brief period about the 
year 1861, when the railway was being made through 
the parish, as the following figures will show : In 
1831 the population was 2,040; in 1841, 2,019; in 
1851,1,986; in 1861,2,182; in 1871, 1,900 ; and in 
1881, 1,843. This decrease is accounted for by the 
decay of the woollen, manufacturing, and mining in- 
dustries, the reduction in the number of farm labourers 
caused by the introduction of machinery, and the con- 
sequent emigration of the surplus population into 
England, the coal and iron districts of South Wales, or 
foreign countries, chiefly the United States. The 
present number of inhabited houses is about 380. The 
gross value, according to the Poor Rate Assessment, 
is 7,39 7 35. 3d;' the rateable value, 6,638 7s. 3d. 

The principal landowners are Sir W. W. Wynn, 
Bart., who is also lord of the manor ; Sir John Conroy, 
Bart., Miss Loscombe, and Mrs. Seymour Davies, who, 
between them, own about nine-tenths of the whole 
parish. The following is a list of farms of 10 gross 
rental and upwards, taken from a Poor Rate Assess- 
ment made in October 1884, showing also the names 
of the owners and occupiers, their gross rental and 
rateable value. Additional columns have been added, 
giving, in some cases, the rateable value, and the names 
of the occupiers in the year 1744. The total rateable 
value in the latter year appears to have been 1,436 ; 
the amount of an assessment at 4c. in the being 
23 18s. Sd. 

The poor rate, which, as already mentioned, was 4=d. 
in the pound in 1744, gradually increased until 1800, 
when it was fifteen shillings in the pound, reaching its 
climax in 1817, when it was twenty-Jive shillings in the 
pound ! Those were " good old times", truly ! It 
averages now from three shillings to three-and-six- 
pence per annum, including the amount contributed to 
the Highway Board. 



108 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 



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110 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 



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112 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 



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113 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED 
CATTLE. 

BY J. BICKERTON MORGAN. 



THE last important herd of pure-bred animals of the 
above breed has now been dispersed by the auctioneer, 
and, unfortunately, there seems every likelihood of this 
singular race becoming extinct. A few remarks as to 
its origin and chief characteristics, therefore, might not 
be considered out of place here. The smoky- faced 
cattle formerly stood high in public favour, and were 
preferred, both by butchers and graziers, to any other 
breed of Welsh cattle. Times seemed to have changed 
with them, however, for, instead of their high repute, 
the revolution of Fortune's fickle wheel has almost 
resulted in their extinction. 

Going back to the Roman period, we find three 
species of Bovidce then existing in Europe. Two of 
these, the Bison prisons and Bos primigenius, were of 
very large size ; the other, the Bos longifrons, was of 
comparatively small stature. 1'he latter two, doubtless, 
furnished food for the Roman legions in their victorious 
march through Britain, as their bones have been found 
associated with Roman works of art, and in the rubbish 
heaps found upon the sites of ancient Roman camps. 
The three species, however, are of much earlier date than 
this, for their fossil remains have been found in the 
superficial deposits of our river- valleys as well as in 
the numerous bone-caves of our island. Thus, they 
form a kind of connecting link between pre-historic 
and historic times, between the province of the palaeon- 
tologist and that of the zoologist. 

Of the Bison priscus, or great aurochs, fossil remains 

VOL. XIX. I 



114 MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY- FACED CATTLE. 

have been obtained from the bone-caves of Gower, 
Ban well, Brixham, Kirkdale, etc., and from the river 
deposits of Beckford, Bricklehampton, and Bedford, in 
many of which they were accompanied by bones of the 
hyaena, lion, bear, elephant, rhinoceros, etc. This 
species is not yet extinct, but still survives in the zubr, 
or great aurochs of Lithuania, which has been protected 
by command of the Russian emperor. It must have 
disappeared from Britain at an early period, as Professor 
Boyd Dawkins remarks that " its remains have not 
been recorded from any pre-historic deposit in this 
country." 1 

Bos primigenius, also called Bos urus, was of im- 
mense size. According to Caesar, it was as large as an 
elephant. Remains of this gigantic ruminant have 
been found in the pre-glacial forest-bed of Norfolk, and 
also in the ossiferous caves and river-deposits of this 
country. Its pleistocene companions were two kinds 
of rhinoceros, elephant and bear, a hippopotamus, 
lion, and many different kinds of deer. It is proved to 
have lived in Britain before the glacial epoch, and also 
to have survived it, although not necessarily in Britain, 
for at that period England was connected with the 
continent by a vast plain, now occupied by the shallow 
German Ocean ; and the English Channel in all 
probability not then existing, there would conse- 
quently be no barrier to prevent it migrating to 
more southern latitudes when the extreme cold of 
the great ice age came on. Some idea of the size 
of this gigantic ox may be obtained from the fol- 
lowing measurements of a fine skull and horn- 
cores dug from the alluvial deposits of Athol, Perth- 
shire, and now lying in the British Museum for ex- 
hibition. " This skull is one yard long, and the span 
of the horns three feet six inches. The breadth of the 
forehead between the horns is ten inches and a half." 
Another specimen from Herne Bay measured three 
feet three inches along the outer curve of the horn- 

1 Cave-hunting, 1874, p. 137. 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 115 

core, and eighteen inches and a half round its base. 1 
The possession of a flat or nearly concave forehead, and 
long horns, together with its huge size, were its dis- 
tinctive features. Other portions of the tirus have 
been taken from British tumuli, and from recent 
alluvia in Scotland, where, on account of the later 
age of those deposits, it is supposed to have made its 
last stand before becoming finally extinct. 

The last of the three Bovidae (Bos longifrons) was 
much smaller than either of the foregoing, and did not 
exist in this country at such an early period, but is 
believed to have made its first appearance here during 
pre-historic times. 2 Its horns, unlike those of the urus, 
were very short. One of the skulls of this species, also 
in the British Museum, is described by Dr. Mantell as 
follows : " The length from the supra-occipital ridge to 
the nasal bones is eight inches ; the breadth of the fore- 
head, six and a half inches ; span of the horn-cores from 
tip to tip, one foot ; length of the horn-cores, four 
inches." 3 

The horn-core of another specimen, dredged up off 
the coast of Essex, measured five inches and a half in 
length. 4 " It is supposed to have been of a dark colour, 
for so, generally, are its known descendants, and so also 
was apparently the still remaining hair upon a very 
perfect skull of this animal found in the year 1846 in 
an Irish bog. This specimen, which has both the horns 
themselves and also a part of the skin with the hair 
attached, seems to show that the creatures had a rough 
and shaggy hide like the Highland kylo." 5 

Having briefly described the three kinds of fossil oxen, 
once existing in this country, we shall now try to show 
from which of them the native Welsh cattle have pro- 
bably descended. The Bison priscus being, of course, 

1 Mantell's Fossils of the British Museum, Bohn's ed., 1851, p. 391. 

2 Cave-hunting, p. 262. 

3 Fossils of the British Museum, p. 392. 

4 Loc. cit. 

5 The Wild White Cattle of Great Britain, Storer, 1881, p. 4. 

I 2 



116 MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 

out of the question, the honour must belong to one of 
the others. Cuvier, the eminent French naturalist, and 
others, contend that Bos primigenius was the ancestor 
of our domestic cattle, arid point to the Chillingham 
herd as their direct descendants; while Professor Owen, 
one of the foremost living authorities, with greater 
show of reason, maintains the contrary, that they have 
descended from the small shorthorn, Bos longifrons. 
He remarks that " in this field of conjecture, the most 
probable one will be admitted to be that which points 
to the Bos longifrons, as the species that would be 
domesticated by the aborigines of Britain before the 
Roman invasion. Had the Bos primigenius been the 
source, we might have expected the Highland and 
Welsh cattle to have retained some of the characteristics 
of their great progenitor, and to have been distinguished 
from other breeds by their superior size and the length 
of their horns. The kyloes and the runts are, on the 
contrary, remarkable for their small size, and are 
characterised either by short horns, as in the Bos longi- 
frons, or by the entire absence of these weapons." 1 It 
is, however, a disputed point whether the Bos longi- 
frons was really domesticated by the aboriginal inhabi- 
tants of Britain, or whether, on the contrary, it was 
brought into this country from Central Asia, in an 
already domesticated condition, during neolithic times, 
together with the dog, sheep, pig, and other animals 
whose native wildness man had likewise subdued to his 
purposes. But with that problem we have nothing to 
do in the present connection. It will be sufficient to 
note the fact that Bos longifrons was the only domes- 
ticated ox known in Roman Britain. 2 The ancient 
Britons and the Romans lived to a great extent upon 
it, as the immense number of its remains, found in 
tumuli and refuse-heaps, plainly testify. This con- 
tinued to be the case until the time of the Anglo-Saxon 

1 British Fossil Mammals and Birch, 1846, p. 514. 

2 Cave-hunting, p. 89. Ency. Brit., 9th ed., vol. v, p. 245; 
article " Cattle", by J. Gibson. 






MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 117 

invasion, when we lose sight of the small shorthorn in 
the Lowlands, and find it supplanted by a larger, long- 
horned kind, of the urus type, probably introduced 
from the Continent by the invaders. This is rendered 
more likely by the fact that all the bovine remains 
from Saxon burial-places, noticed by Professor Boyd 
Dawkins, belonged to that race, and not to Bos longi- 
frons. 1 From these Saxon intruders have doubtless 
descended our larger breeds of cattle, including the 
so-called wild cattle of Chillingham, which, Riitimeyer 
says, bear a greater resemblance to the ancient urus 
than any other existing kinds. The Chillinghams are 
white in colour, but possess brownish muzzles, red ears, 
and black horn-tips ; but it is by no means a settled 
point whether they are really the untamed offspring of 
the urus, or simply the feral descendants of a domesti- 
cated herd; " their comparatively small size, and their 
evident tendency to vary in colour, seem to point out 
the latter as the more probable view." 2 From cer- 
tain historical references we learn that a white 
breed with red eyes, exactly similar to the above, 
existed in great numbers in Wales in the tenth 
^century, and in the county of Pembroke at the 
beginning of this century. 3 The sudden disappear- 
ance of Bos longifrons from the central and south- 
eastern portions of England, in the manner indicated, 
far from being strange, is just what we should 
have expected under the circumstances ; for, as the 
Saxon invaders forced themselves further and further 
into the country, the Celtic inhabitants would be dis- 
placed and be compelled to retire, and, taking with 
them their herds and other valuables, would seek the 
friendly shelter of the mountains, where they could 
bid defiance to their ruthless foes. In those elevated 
regions, then, if anywhere in the kingdom, we should 
naturally look for the descendants of the original cattle 

1 " On the Pre-historic Mammalia of Great Britain," in Trans, of 
the Internal. Congress of Pre-historic A rchceology, 3rd Session. 

2 Ency. Brit., vol. v, p. 245. 3 Loc. cit. 



118 MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 

of the country, and expect to find them in greatest 
purity ; and it is precisely among the highlands of 
Wales and Scotland, and, until recently, in Cornwall and 
the Lake District, that we notice that the native cattle 
are of the Bos longifrons type. They are evidently all 
of the same race, being diminutive in size, fair milkers, 
and remarkable for the " quality rather than the 
quantity of their milk ; active at work, with an un- 
equal aptitude to fatten. They have all the characters 
of the same breed, changed by soil, and climate, and 
time, yet little changed by the intermeddling of man." 1 
Moreover, the fossil bones of Bos longifrons, found so 
abundantly in the ossiferous caves, are pronounced by 
Professor Boyd Dawkins to be undistinguishable from 
those of the present Welsh and Scotch breeds. 2 There 
can hardly be any doubt, therefore, as to the progenitor 
of our native cattle, for, where they have been kept 
from mixing with their Saxon rivals, their likeness to 
the small Bos longifrons is so complete, while at the 
same time they exhibit none of the peculiarities of the 
mighty urus, whose descendants, occupying the low- 
lands of the country, have interbred so largely with 
the many different kinds that are constantly being sent 
down from the mountains for purposes of trade. 

Having now cast a rapid glance over the probable 
origin and early history of our native cattle, and noted 
that their pedigree can be traced back to a far earlier 
period than the utmost time-bedimmed page of history 
has yet taken us, we shall notice a few of the peculiari- 
ties of the "smoky-faced" cattle of Montgomeryshire, 
which, tradition tells us, are the aboriginal breed of the 
county. It seems likely that the breed will soon die 
out, now that the last and only pure-bred herd, pos- 

1 Yonatt's Cattle, p. 10. This writer includes the North Devon and 
Sussex cattle in the same breed as the Welsh and Scotch, which they 
much resemble, but holds that their progenitor was the urus. Devon, 
however, formed part of the ancient kingdom of Damnonia, which 
successfully resisted the Teutonic invaders, and probably preserved 
its cattle untouched. 

2 Cave-hunting, p. 88. 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 119 

sessed by Mr. Pugh of Beech Farm, near Bishop's 
Castle, on the confines of Montgomeryshire, has been 
scattered, although the valuable characteristics of 
these cattle certainly entitle them to a better fate. 
Another herd was formerly owned by Colonel Hay ward 
of Crosswood, but was disposed of many years ago. 
The Rev. Walter Davies, writing at the commence- 
ment of the century, described them as "long-legged", of 
a "light-brown colour without any mixture, and smoky 
or dun faces/' Their legs, as well as the under part 
of the body, were black. He also mentions a "brinded, 
finch-backed, and short-legged kind", which he declares 
to be the real breed of the county. 1 The smoky-faces 
are believed by some to have come, originally, from 
Devonshire ; but this is highly improbable, as they 
would scarcely be the best adapted for the bleak and 
barren hills of Montgomeryshire. Others hold that 
they are the result of a cross of the Hereford on the 
native Welsh; while others assert that the Herefords 
are mainly indebted for their colour to the Mont- 
gomeries, and the consideration of the following facts 
makes this appear highly probable. The Hereford, as 
is well known, was formerly of a very different colour 
from what it is at present, and in shape approached 
very closely to the Montgomeries, the white face, now 
so fashionable, having only come into vogue within the 
last seventy years or so. 2 A writer in Moreton's 
Cyclopaedia of Agriculture for 1863, informs us that 
" an opinion prevails, well supported by the oldest living 
authorities, that the breed, at no very remote period, 
was for the most part self-coloured, like the Devon or 
Sussex, and some entire well-descended breeds of that 
colour have, within the last thirty years, been in the 
hands of distinguished breeders." Mr. Hichardson, 
also, in his Report on Farming in Herefordshire, gives 
it as his opinion that the Herefords were originally 
brown or reddish-brown, but believes they came origin- 

1 Agricultural Survey of North Wales, 1810, p. 313. 

2 Yonatt's Cattle, p. 31. 



120 MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 

ally from Normandy or Devonshire 1 ; and Mr. Duck- 
ham, editor of the Hereford Herd Book (1865), 
says that an old and much respected friend of 
his (the late Mr. Welles) also " entertained the view 
that they were originally self-coloured, like the 
Sussex or Devons". Moreover, characteristics of the 
smoky-faces sometimes appear in modern Herefords, 
although not so frequently as formerly. As an 
example, we may mention that a Hereford cow 
which was sold in the year 1806 had a " speckled face, 
giving a blue appearance to it, with what may be 
termed an arched forehead or Roman nose, tips of horns 
blackish, body of lightish brown, dappled, under part 
of body and legs inclining to blackness, white along the 
back, and body well-formed, but on rather high legs." 2 
The words in italics indicate the unmistakable resem- 
blance it bore to the Montgomeries. W e are also in- 
formed that the celebrated Purslow bull resembled, in 
a wonderful degree, both the symmetry and the colour 
of the latter, except in the possession of white patches 
on the face. With these facts in view, therefore, it 
seems very probable that the Herefords were mainly 
indebted for their colour to the Montgomeries, instead 
of the reverse being the case. 

With regard to the question as to whether the 
smoky-faced cattle are the original breed of the county, 
as stated by tradition, nothing in the shape of direct 
evidence can be adduced. We may, however, mention 
a few facts which point strongly in that direction. 
First, there is their great adaptability to the climate 
and soil of the district. They are extremely hardy, 
and will thrive on bare hilly tracts where many other 
breeds would simply starve. The pastures of the 
Beech Farm are upwards of 1,000 feet above sea-level, 
yet there these hardy animals flourished and attained 
to perfection, while the most robust of the neighbour- 

1 Journal of Royal Agricultural Society, vol. xxxii, p. 450. 

2 Ex inf. Mr. E. H. Morris, Chirbury, to whom we are also in- 
debted for some other facts mentioned in this paper. 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 121 

ing Herefords, when treated with similar hard fare, 
proved to be too tender to compete with them. Another 
feature which they possess, in common with the rest 
of the native Welsh and Scotch cattle, is their great 
aptitude to fatten. Their long legs made them useful 
in times past for the work of the field, but when put- 
up they fattened rapidly. They were naturally very 
great favourites with the butchers and graziers, as they 
collected bulk " on the more valuable parts", and had 
" less offal than those of Shropshire. About nine 
months' feeding with grass, hay, and turnips would add 
about threescore pounds weight to each of their 
quarters, cow beef, when fat, weighing from seven 
to ten score pounds per quarter." 1 They are also 
spoken of very highly in the Report of the Live Stock 
Exhibition at the Eoyal Agricultural Show, held at 
Shrewsbury in 1884, where they are alluded to as 
weighing very much more than their appearance in- 
dicated. 2 Again, nothing is known as to the first ap- 
pearance of the smoky-faced breed in Montgomeryshire; 
but we are informed by a gentleman who has lately 
had the opportunity of examining a number of wills 
relating to Buttington, Chirbury, Churchstoke, Mont- 
gomery, Forden, and other neighbouring parishes, 
langing in date from 1450 to 1650, that there were 
cattle then existing in the county of exactly the same 
character as the " smoky-faced" breed. This result he was 
enabled to arrive at, as whenever a cow, heifer, or ox 
was bequeathed, the testator " invariably described the 
colour of the animal, even to the face, as well as men- 
tioned its age." 3 

A herd of smoky-faces had been on the Linley 
estate, in the hands of Mr. Pugh's ancestors, for 
upwards of four centuries, and he held his to be 
" the purest and oldest of any breed on record". In 
order to give a fair idea of the many good qualities 

] Agricultural Survey of North Wales, p. 313. 

Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society, vol. xx, p. 661. 
3 Ex inf. Mr. E. Rowley Morris, London. 



122 MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY- FACED CATTLE. 

of these remarkable cattle, we cannot do better than 
to quote Mr. Pugh's own remarks respecting them, 
originally written for Bell's Messenger. 

" The points to be mainly insisted upon with regard to the 
Montgomeries, and in which they excel, may, to my mind, be 
briefly summed up under the four following heads : 

" 1. Their very excellent milking properties. 

"2. Hardihood of constitution. 

"3. Surprising results when fatted and weighed by the 
butcher. 

" 4. Adaptability to inferior pasturage. 

" 1. The Montgomeries, or smoky-faces, have always been 
noted milkers ; so much do the cows now give upon the very 
inferior pastures of this farm, that they require very careful 
attention when out suckling their calves, or they would quickly 
have garget or milk fever. They have to be brought in and 
the udders drained, or, as we term it, ' stripped', twice a day 
for some time after calving, and once a day as long as required, 
which, of course, depends in a great measure upon the amount 
of grass ; but if the season is favourable, and the pastures are 
well stocked with grass, they would require stripping the whole 
season, but less often as the calf gets older. We often have 
to milk before calving if the udder shows signs of being over- 
full; even a heifer that is going to have a first calf I have 
known to be milked three weeks before calving. 

" As a case in point as to how the smoky-faces would milk 
if well treated : a heifer, two years and eight months old, 
that had calved twenty days (her first calf), the heifer and calf 
in a place loose together, the calf taking what milk it required. 
I and a friend were passing when the man was milking her in 
the morning ; my friend was struck with the quantity of milk 
she was yielding, so I directed the man to measure it carefully, 
which he did, and found it to be six and a half quarts ; at the 
second stripping the same day at even, it measured four quarts; 
so, supposing the calf to be taking as much as it left, which it 
undoubtedly would do, it gives the large quantity of five and a 
quarter gallons of rich milk per day for a heifer under three 
years old, and in the winter months, too. (March 20th.) 

" 2. Hardihood of Constitution. Nothing can testify to the 
qualities of the smoky-faces in this respect more than looking 
at the Beech Farm, where these cattle have always been bred 
from time immemorial. The farm is very hilly, or undulating, 
and ranges from nearly 1 ,000 to nearly 1,300 feet above sea-level. 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 123 

Nothing very good could be expected at that elevation, but 
when we have sold steers, all the rear off that farm, from two 
to two and a half years old, at 24 each, without artificial aid 
except a small quantity of cake and corn for the last month or 
five weeks on the meadows, it serves to show they must be a 
hardy kind of cattle to do so well on such food and in such a 
climate. 

"3. Surprising Results when Fatted and Weighed by the 
Butcher. Any butcher who has been accustomed to slaughter- 
ing smoky-faces will be ready to admit how well they weigh ; 
or, to use a butcher's term, ' die well'* At the Beech Farm, 
we were unable to feed anything off, sold all in store condition, 
but they were always eagerly sought after by feeders, as they 
gave a satisfactory return for their keep. More recently we 
have stall-fed a few animals, making up to ten or eleven scores 
per quarter. Last January I sold two cows. The purchaser, 
a first-rate judge of stock, was willing to take them as weigh- 
ing ten and a half score pounds per quarter. His reply, when 
asked how the cows turned out, was, 'did very well'. Some 
steers, four in number, that I sold at twenty guineas each in 
store condition at two years old, passed ultimately into the 
hands of Mr. Watson, of Berwick Hall, near Shrewsbury, who 
fed them for the last Christmas auction at Shrewsbury, where 
they were the admiration of the whole market. They met 
with a very slow trade, but I have since heard that two of 
them were afterwards resold in Birmingham at prices over 
50 each. I have since met with a butcher who killed one of 
the four. He says it weighed much more than he expected ; 
that it did very well ; and that he should like to have some 
more like him. 

"4. Adaptability to Inferior Pasturage. To see the quality 
of the herbage and the land upon which these cattle have been 
reared, shows at once how well they are suited to poor pastures. 
The tendency of the present day is to seed much of the poor 
cold arable land to permanent pasture, through the great fall 
in the prices of cereals. Such land will, undoubtedly, be very 
poor pasturage, upon which the fashionable breeds of cattle 
cannot be remunerative ; but the smoky-faces, through their 
more hardy character, would make a more respectable return 
to their owners, particularly if dairying was the course of 
husbandry pursued on such land as alluded to." 



We have now brought forward all facts relating to 
this singular breed of cattle at our disposal, which ap- 



124 MONTGOMERYSHIRE SMOKY-FACED CATTLE. 

pear to warrant the conclusion that the " smoky-face" 
breed were the aboriginal cattle of the county, and 
that they are the descendants of the Bos longifrons 
found fossil, in such numbers, in the alluvia and cave- 
deposits of Great Britain. 




MONT. COLL., Vol. xix. To be mounted between pp. 1^4 and 125. 



**&0W 

L ^^^* ---^^'--^ 




125 



HALF-TIMBERED HOUSES OF 
MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

BY T. E. PRYCE. 1 



VI. PERTHEIRYN. 

SOUTH-WESTERN POWYSLAND, rich as it is in some of 
the most picturesque scenery of the whole country, has 
been either more fertile in the production, or more 
careful in the preservation, of its timber-houses than 
any other district. Whether this be owing to the fact 
that here, until comparatively recent days, the smaller 
freeholders retained possession of their estates in a 
greater number of instances than elsewhere, or that the 
destructive qualities of civilisation did not so readily 
penetrate into what, until the advent of steam, was a 
somewhat remote district, happily many are spared, 
rugged and weatherworn, it is true, but plenty of life 
left in them yet; and, with the weight of nearly three 
centuries' service on their sturdy old shoulders, the 
worst can bear comparison, in the primary object of 
keeping out the wet, with the carriage provided by that 
monument of progress, the Cambrian Railway Com- 
pany, in which the writer spent nearly two long hours 
one cold and sleeting April morning during the journey 
from Welshpool to Pont-dol-goch. 

Crossing the little river Carno, a few hundred yards' 
walk from the station, a short drive from the main 
road leads to the house. Although once the residence 
of a family which played its part with distinction on 
the side of its choice in the civil wars, the house is 
not by any means a large one; indeed, the first view of 

1 Continued from vol. xviii, p. 168. 



126 HALF-TIMBERED HOUSES 

the long flank to the gables shown in the illustration, 
with its great chimney stack, and the adjoining build- 
ings round the farmyard, gives an exaggerated im- 
pression of its extent, calculated to lead to an idea that 
there is more beyond than meets the eye. The mistake 
is, however, corrected on a nearer approach, and the 
whole arrangement of the plan testifies to the simple 
and homely life of the period of its erection. 

The farm buildings lie to the north of the house, 
and, as at Maesmawr, a small dwelling, containing the 
servants' quarters, is comprised in these. 

The plan, as may be seen by the illustration, is a 
very simple one. Entering the stone-flagged passage, 
the kitchen, a room about 15 ft. by 13 ft., is on the 
left. This (the Hall, until curtailed by the passage 
being formed at one end) was a large apartment 
18 ft. long by 15 ft. wide. The spacious ingle is 
now partly filled by a modern range, but there is 
still room enough to form a cosy chimney-corner. A 
small room, paved with pebbles, about 13 ft. long by 
9 ft. wide, adjoins ; it is now used as a pantry, and 
probably this was its original purpose. 

On the right of the passage is the servants' kitchen, 
with the offices usually attached thereto ; like the hall, 
it has a large open fireplace, but is paved with small 
rough pebbles. 

The passage leads on to the staircase, still in its 
original condition, the stairs rising in easy flights to 
the rooms above ; but the dark brown oak balustrade 
is quite plain, and shows no attempt at ornamental 
design. A narrow flight leads to the cellars below; 
and beyond the staircase is a long narrow parlour, 
18 ft. long by 11 ft. wide, lighted by a broad mullioned 
window, giving a pleasant outlook though somewhat 
marred by the trees in the orchard -down the valley 
on the sunny side of the house. 

Upstairs, the bedrooms follow the arrangement be- 
low ; and in the two chief rooms the fireplaces still 



OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 127 

retain their heavy oak mantels and architraves, hand- 
some, though plain in design. 

With these two exceptions, all the old panelling and 
ornamental work has disappeared, and where the rough 
oak quartering has not been left bare, plaster and paper 
cover everything. 

On the entrance front, modern bricks have taken the 
place of the original work, hiding the oak framing, and 
disfiguring the shape and design of the steep gable of 
the roof; but on all other sides the house remains 
pretty much as the old carpenters left it; time, as is 
usually the case, having treated it with a gentler hand 
than man. 

Erected on a substructure of rough stone, the two 
stories to the eaves-line are constructed of plain cleft 
oak quartering, with wattled interspaces ; whilst in 
the gables, slightly corbelled out to overhang the 
framing below, the designer allowed his hand a greater 
freedom, and, utilising the crooked branches of his 
timber in strong contrast to the severity maintained 
elsewhere, crowned his work with one of those quaint 
efforts of fancy so rarely neglected by the craftsman's 
skilful hand in the brave days of old. 

Pertheiryn belonged to a branch of the old Shrop- 
shire family of Sheynton, 1 settled in Llanwnog for 
some generations previous to Lewys Dwnn's visitation. 
The orthography of the name varies according to the 
sweet will of its possessor, and, with the customary 
freedom of the times, takes the varying form of Shien- 
ton, Shinton, Sceynton, or Sheynton. 

The first item in an old schedule of the title deeds, 
dated 1647, Oct. 8, records the re-lease, on the marriage 
of Lewis Price with his cousin, Mary Sheynton, the 
heiress of Pertheiryn. This Lewis Price was the fifth 
son of Austin ap Rhys of Carno, and of the daughter of 
Hugh Sheynton of Llanwnog, and was fifth in descent 
from leuan Blaenau of Gregynog, a descendant of 
Brochwell Ysgythrog, Prince of Powis. 

1 See pedigree, Mont. Coll., vol. xi, p. 2G5. 



128 HALF-TIMBERED HOUSES OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

Coi. Hugh Price of Gwernygo (probably his elder 
brother) held Powis Castle after its capture by Sir 
Thos. Myddleton in 1644, and represented the county 
from 1656 to 1658. 

Lewis Price resided at Pertheiryn till his death in 
1702, the property going to his nephew, Stafford Price, 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, who also lived there 
until, with the concurrence of his son Daniel, the en- 
tail was barred, and the estate sold to Lewis Gordon in 
1 752, from whom (probably by purchase) it passed into 
the hands of Mr. Caire Adams ; and in the possession 
of his family it remained till 1875, when it was bought 
by David Davies, Esq., the present member for Car- 
digan. 



129 



WELSH POOL : 

MATERIALS FOR THE HISTORY OF THE PARISH AND 
BOROUGH. 



(Continued from Vol. xvii, p. 356.) 



GENEALOGICAL. 

THE following pedigrees relate to families resident in the 
parish of Welshpool, or to families members of which 
are interred in Welshpool churchyard, or mentioned in 
the Welshpool registers. 

The pedigrees themselves are founded on reliable 
evidence, so far as it was available. In the appendices 
attached to some of the pedigrees, probabilities of 
descent are discussed, and the inferences drawn must 
be judged on their merits, and be taken for what they 
are worth. They are not intended to be proofs of 
pedigree. 

PDGH-LOVELL OF LLANERCHYDOL. 

i. HUGH AP CADWALADER of Llanerchydol, born 
1657, was the father of 

n. CHARLES AP HUGH CADWALADER, born in 1687; 

married Jane, the daughter of , and had six 

children 

1. David Pugh, of whom presently (in). 

2. Humphrey Pugh, born 29th March 1725, mar- 
ried, and died in 1760, leaving issue one son and 
two daughters, viz. 

i. Charles Pugh, married to Jane, daughter of 
William Lloyd of Montgomery, by Mary his 

wife, daughter and heiress of Griffith of 

Weston, co. Salop, and died 21st December 
VOL. xix. K 



130 WELSH POOL. 

1796, leaving issue by her (who married, 
secondly, Sir Arthur Davies Owen of Glan- 
severn, co. Montgomery, and died 23rd October 
1819) one son, David Pugh, of whom hereafter 

(IV). 

ii. Mary, 
iii. Jane. 

3. John Pugh of Welshpool, born 14th March 1727 ; 

married, 7th May 1758, Mary, daughter of 

Paget, and died, leaving one daughter 

i. Mary Pugh, married to, first, Evan Vaughan of 
Beguildy, co. Radnor, and secondly, to Rev. 
John Murray, and died 24th April 1842, leaving 
by the first marriage an only daughter and 
heiress, Anne Vaughan, married to her cousin, 
David Pugh (iv). 

4. Michael Pugh, born 29th September 1737. 

5. Jane, died unmarried. 

6. Mary, died unmarried. 

in. DAVID PUGH of London and Llanerchydol, born 
14th September 1723; married Margaret, daughter 
of William Lloyd of Montgomery, and Mary his 
wife. In 1776 he rebuilt Llanerchydol Hall, which, 
in Charles L. Eastlake's History of the Gothic Revival 
(p. 57), is described as "a stone mansion in a castel- 
lated style (as it was then called), and by no means 
a bad example of the school of the eighteenth 
century Gothic." He was High Sheriff for Mont- 
gomeryshire, 1785, and died 9th February 1807, 
without issue, and was succeeded by his grand- 
nephew 

iv. DAVID PUGH of Llanerchydol, born 14th August 
1789; married, llth July 1814, his cousin Anne, only 
daughter and heiress of Evan Vaughan of Beguildy, 
Radnorshire. He was Captain in the Montgomery- 
shire Volunteer Cavalry, 10th December 1819 to 1828, 
when the regiment was disbanded. On the embodi- 
ment of the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry Cavalry in 



WELSH POOL. 131 

1831, he was appointed Major; he resigned in 1844. 
He was High Sheriff for Montgomeryshire in 1823, 
and Deputy-Lieutenant co. Montgomery. He was 
elected M. P. for the Montgomery Boroughs 1833, and 
unseated on petition. In 1847 he was elected, and 
there being a double return, his opponent's (Hugh 
Cholmondeley) return was annulled, 14th February 
1848. In 1852, 1857, and 1859 Mr. Pugh was again 
successively returned. He was Recorder of Welshpool. 
His will, dated 20th April 1861, and proved in London 
on 20th July 1861. He died 20th April 1861, having 
had three sons and two daughters, viz. 

1. David Pugh, born 24th April 1815, and died 15th 
September 1857, unmarried. 

2. Charles Vaughan Pugh, of whom presently (v). 

3. Margaret Ann Pugh, of whom hereafter (vi). 

4. Mary Jane Pugh, of whom also hereafter (vn). 

5. John Cadwalader Pugh, born in 1826; Lieutenant 
in the 1st, or Royal Regiment. He died on his 
passage home from Canada with his regiment, 19th 
July 1851, aged 25 (M. I., Welshpool church), un- 
married. 

v. CHARLES VAUGHAN PUGH of Llanerchydol, born 
19th May 1818; married, 28th June 1849, Felicia 
Harriet, daughter of Capt. Gosling, R.N., and niece to 
Lady Edwards (who died 21st August 1874). Some- 
time a captain in the 90th Light Infantry, and a 
Deputy-Lieutenant for the co. of Montgomery ; un- 
successfully contested the Montgomery Boroughs in 
1863. Died 28th December. 1874, without "issue, 
whereupon the Llanerchydol estate devolved upon his 
elder sister, Margaret Ann. 

vi. MARGARET ANN PUGH, married, in September 
1856, to John Samuel Willes Johnson, Capt. R.N., of 
Hanriington Hall, Wilts. Elected M.P. for Mont- 
gomery Boroughs on the death of his father-in-law, D. 
Pugh, in 1861. His sister Harriet, widow of John 
Owen Herbert, Esq., of Dolforgan, married Sir John 



132 



WELSH POOL. 



Edwards, Bart., M.P., and was the mother of Mary 
Cornelia, Countess of Vane and Marchioness of 
Londonderry. Capt. Johnson died July 28, 1863. 
Mrs. Johnson assumed the additional surname and 
Arms of Pugh by royal licence 2nd February 1879. 
She died on the 25th November 1881 ; whereupon 
the Llanerchydol estates devolved upon her sister, 
Mary Jane. Mrs. Johnson left three daughters, viz. 

1. Margaret Mary Lilian Willes Pugh- Johnson. 

2. Harriet Mildred Vaughan Pugh-Johnson, married, 
on 9th February 1880, to Henry Jenner Scpbell of 
The Abbey, Pershore, co. Worcester, eldest son of 
Henry Sales Scobell of The Abbey, Pershore, 
Lieutenant Royal Scots Greys from 1879, and 
has a daughter. 



BLITHIN AP CON- =p Haer, dau. and 



VTN, Prince of 
Powys and Gwy- 
nedd, Ano. 1053. 



heir of Gellin, 

Lord of 
Evionydd. 



Brochwel Yscthrog, 
Prince of Powys, 
Earl of Chester, 
and Baron of Den- 
bigh, 617. 



PRYCE OF 

Edwyn, King of 

Tegengel, on of 

the Fifteen 

Tribes of 

Gwynedd. 



Meredith, Princ 
Powys. 



of= 



: Eva, dau. of Blewis ap Edn- 
owen, Lord of Tegengel. 



Conan. Vchdry< 



lorwerth Goch, Lord of Main =p \Tawd, dan. of Kichard 
Bergedin, Crygion, and j Manley, Lord Manley. 
Caerhowell. 



Salmon. Philip. 



WELSH POOL. 



133 



3. Maud Felicia Harriet, married, in 1884, to Robert 
C. Long, second son of Richard Long of Rood 
Ashton, M.P. 

vn. MARY JANE -PuGH (youngest daughter of David 
Pugh), married Peter Audley Lovell of Cole Park, 
co. Wilts, who died on the 18th of March 1869. She 
assumed by royal licence the additional name and Arms 
of Pugh, 17th June 1882, in compliance with the direc- 
tions contained in the will of her father, David Pugh. 
She has an only child 

1. PETER AUDLEY DAVID ARTHUR PUGH-LOVELL of 
Cole Park, born 10th December 1857, Lieutenant 
in the Coldstream Guards, and a magistrate for 
Wiltshire. 



CYFPRONYDD. 



Griffith, =p Jonet, Aleth, Llewelin Meredith, T Gwryl, Ethely- T Glades, 


Lord of 


dau. Prince aur Lord of 


dau. stan 


d. and 


Gilsfield, 


of Sir of dorch- Arwysley, 


of Glodr- 


heir of 


Broni- 


Wil- Dyfed og, Lord desc. of 


Grif- ydd, 


Eden- 


arth, 


liam or of Yal, Broch- 


fith of Prince 


owen, 


andDeu- 


Cam- De- Lieut.- well 


C of 


Lord of 


ddwr, 


ber of meca. Gen. to Yscthrog, 


fferlix. 


Eng- 


desc. 


S tor- 


Princ Prince of 






hel- 


of 


ton, 


Llewe- Powys. 






field. 


Broch- 


Kt. 


lin. 








wel, 








L 1 




Prince 


Vchdryd. 


\ Jadw-=pEva,d. of 


of 




Idris. lor- =p Jonet, d. gan. 


Gwr- 


Powys. 






werth. 


of Gwyn 




gant, 










ap Gron- 


Princ of 










wy ap 


Glamor- 










Enion, 


gan. 










Lord of 












Matha- | 










vern. Id- =p Gweryl, 












nerth. 


dau. of 




lorwerth. Tudyr. 








Aron 
















Pen, Esq. 


Cadwgan=pToan, dau. of 
Norwich. John Bow- 
| peeofPoole, 








Ivor. : 


= Agnes, d. of 
Marchydd, 
Lord of 




Esq. 










Abergele. 




d 


e 


/ 


9 




h 



134 



WELSH POOL. 



|a 

Cradock Wyndorch, Baron ^pSulan, dau. of John Cor- 
of Trewern. bet of Cause, Esq. 



Danial. =p Magdalen, dau. of William Lee. 



Ithel. T Jane, dau. of Richard Huffe, Esq. 



Mael, Lord of 
Maelinydd. 



Bely. Howell. 



Gwylawck. 

Elisau. 
Congen. 



David. =F Dowes, dau. of John Sandford of ye He, Esq. 



Griffith. 



Auddan. 



Edenyfer.^ Elizabeth, dau. of Adda ap Madock, Lord 

of Kery. Brochwell. 



Mirich Goch of Kyfron- T Agnes, dau. of Howell ap leva, 



ydd, Gent. 



Lord of Arwystley. 



Madock. 



Salmon. 



Bely. 



David. T Jane, dau. of Merrick ap Milir ap Llewelin, 
Baron of Tregynon. 



Howel Goch 
of Darowen. 



Griffith. 



WELSH POOL. 



135 



Gwvyenar. 



Tangwel. 



lorwerth. 



Mad- = Ardden, dau. and 
ock. heir of Eees ap 
Griffith ap Sir 
Aron, Knight of 
the Sepulcher. 



Howell. T Agnes, dau. of 

Llewelin ap 
Einion, Baron 
of Lloydarth. 



Milir. 



Grif-=FArddlen, d. 



fri. 



Gronwy. =p Lleucy, dau. of Ivor 
ap Cadivor, Lord of 
Cardigan. 



Kynddelw. 



Eirid. 



Evan. =pGwenhwyfa, d. 
and heir of 
Griffry ap Alo 
of Trevnant, 

Esq. 



MadocT Tanghwst, d. 



Kylynin, Baron 

of Lloydarth 

and Lord of 

Gwnfa. 



Grif- ^Mawd, dau. and 
fith. heir of Griffith 
ap [illegible]. 



Hedd- 
wch, 

Esq. 



Gladys, 

dau. and 

heir of 

David, 

Lord of 

Tal- 

garth. 



of Madock 

ap 

Gwylawck, 
Baron. 



Sidox 

Juckes of 

Llanhaster. 



of Cadw- 

gan, Lord 

of Clyn. 



leva, Lord =p Eva, dau. of Mirick 



of Maelin- 
ydd. 



ap Meredith Gethin 
of Mochdre. 



Enion. T Jonet, dau. and heir of 
Owen ap Meredith, 
Lord of Cadewen. 



Dav- ;pDydgy,d. of 



id. 



Enion, ^ Gwellian.dau. 



Baron 

of 

Lloyd- 
arth 



David ap 

Madoc ap 

lorwerth, 

of Mochtre. 



of Adda ap ... 
ap Kynric ap 
Pasgen, Lord 
of Guilsfield. 

David. ^ Mallt, dau. of David 
ap Eirid ap Tra- 
haiarn, Lord of 
Gilsfield. 



Llewe- =p Leucy, d. 



David. =F Margaret, dau. and 
heir of Merric ap 
Adda Suvard 
Powys. 



Enion ^Jane, dau. of 



Vychan. 



Cadwgan, 
Lord of 
Buallt. 



Owen. =p Anckred, d. of Griffith 
ap Meredith ap 
David. 



lin, 
Baron 

of 

Llayd- 
arth. 



of Griffith 
ap Edny- 
fed Lloyd 
of Maelor, 
...on. 



Ealph 
Juckes. 



Llewe- T Tanghwst, dau. of 
lin. Llewelin ap Einalt 
ap Evan, Esq. 



\h 



136 



WELSH POOL. 



Mir ickVy chan, T Mary, dau. of Griffith ap Gwyn ap 



Gent. 



Enion ap Sisellt, Lord of Matha- 
varn. 



Gwyn, Lord 
of Gilsfield. 



David. ^Anckred, dau. of Meredith .... 
Main. 



Baron of 



Evan. 



Enion. 



Evan. =y= Ales, dau. of Griffith Vychan of Deuddwr, 

Esq. Kadwgan. 



Llewelin. 



id.^f Gwen, dau. of David Lloyd of Trewylan. 



Meredith. 



Evan. 
I 



Mirick Goch of Kyfron-=f=Ales, dau. of John Lingen, 

ydd, Gent. Esq. Howell of Gils- 

field, Esq. 



Bedo or Meredith .=j=Sabel, dau. of Howell ap Evan ap 
Meredith of Gilsfield, Gent. 



Evan of 
Darowen, 

Esq. 

I 
1 



David Meredith, =f-Mallt, dau. of Evan 
Gent. I ap Llewelin of Dar- 

| owen, Gent. 



David Lloyd of=j=Ales, dau. of John 



Prior (?), Esq. 



Corbet, Esq. 



WELSH POOL. 



137 



Sir 
Grif- 
fith 

Vy- 

chan 
Kt. 
Ban- 

eret. 



Margaret, 

dau. and 

heir of 

Griffith ap 

Jenkin, 

Lord 

Brochdyn. 



David. T Nest, dau. of 

Madock ap 

Griffith ap 

Havodwen, 

Esq. 



David =FMary, dau. 

Llewe- I of Griffith 
Goch of 
Knockyn. 



lin of 
My- 
fod, 
Esq. 



h | t 

Tudyr.^Mawd (?), d. of 

Madock ap 
Gwrgenan,Esq. 



How-=pAnckred, d. and 
ell. heir of Llewelin 

ap Madock 

Vychan of Kery, 

Esq. 



Edmond 

Juckes. 

Esq. 



Mered- =pKathrin, 



ith. 



dau. of 
Howell 
Morris of 
Maes- 
maur. 



Madock ^Tanaw (?), d. 



I I 



Lloyd. 



Owen =pMary, d. 



David, 
Esq. 



and heir 

of 

Griffith 

ap Jen- 

kin of 

Mana- 

fon. 



of Ednyfed 

ap Gronwy 

Goch (?). 



Richard 

Juckes, 

Esq. 



Enion. =p Nest, d. and heir 
of Adda ap Mirick 
of Kery, Esq. 



Cadwalad- T Lowry, dau. 

er of of Howell ap 
Trowscoed Evan Lloyd 
ind Maes- of Radnor 

mawr. Beiw (?). 



Lewis. =F Anne, dau. 

of David 

ap Evan 

Griffith, 

Gent. 



David. T Glades, d. of Mered- 
ith ap Gwilim of 
Llwyn molyn. 



Morris =F Anne, d. 



Lewis, 
Gent. 



David, T Mawd, d. 



alls. 
Dai. 



Owen T Lleucy, dau. 



Vy- 

chan, 
' Gent. 



of Evan ap 
Meredith of 
Mochnant. 



of 
Howell 
Gethin 
of Maes- 
brook, 
Gent. 



of Ed- 
ward ap 

Howell 
ap Hugh, 

Gent. 



David := Gwenllien, dau. 



[Llojyd. 



John =p Ales, dau. of 



Juckes, 
Esq. 



Robert 

Champaine 

ap Sir 

Robert 

Champaine, 

Kt. 



of Rees ap 
Meredith, Esq. 



138 



WELSH POOL. 



Kees David,=j=Gwen, dau. and heir Eees ap Owen=f Joan, dau. of Thomas ap 



Gent. 



of David Lloyd of 
..., Esq. 



Vychan, Gent. 



Howell Vychan ap 
Ho well ..., Esq. 



David Pric of=j=Lowry, dau. of John 



Kyffronydd, 
Gent. 



ap Rees ap Owen 
Vychan, Gent. 



Joan Vychan=f Katherin, dau. of Harry 



of Myfod, 
Gent. 



ap Meredith ap Tudyr 
of Mayn, Gent. 



David.=j=Gwen, dau. of David ap Llewelin ap Einion of 
Myfod. 



David Lloyd of Kowney=pGwen, dau. of Evan David ap Griffith 
in Llanerfyl, Gent. of Waynynog, Gent. 



John Pric of Kyfronydd,=j=Kathrin, dau. of David Lloyd of Kowney, Gent. 



Gent. 



George Juckes.^pMary, dau. of George Kerry, 
Esq. 



Olver Pric of Kyfronydd, Gent.=pJane, dau. of George Juckes of Buttington. 



Willi 



T 



liam Pric of Kyfronydd, ^Margaret, dau. of John Bishop of Glanhafren, Gent. 
Gent. 

6 



Thomas Pric of Kyfronydd,= , dau. and coheir of Lodwick Lewis of Arwystley, 

Gent., 1699. Gent. 

[The] Coates that belonges to John [P]ric (sic), Gent., by Acheevments & 
Heretrix [only] as thees 1. Or, Lion rampant Gardant Azure. 2. Or. lion rampant 
Gules. 3. Sabel, 3 nages Heads eraized argent. 4. Gules, Griffin segreant or. 
5. Or, three lions heads Eraized gardant guls, with a border ingrael Azur. 6. Sabl, 
Chivron inter 3 owles argent. 



WELSH POOL. 



139 



Howell =pGwenhwyfar, dau. of 
Madock ap Tudyr of 
Penkyn, Esq. 



Thomas^ 
Juckes. 



Meredith.=;=Katherine, dau. of 
David ap Llewelin 
ap Evan Lloyd, Esq. 



Jane, d. of 

Richard 

Pickstock 

of Peevers, 

Esq. 



Thomas=f=Florence, d. 



Pric, 

Esq. 



of Howell 
Clune, Esq. 



Mathew =f= Joyc, dau. 



Goch, 
alls. 
Pric. 



John Pric= 

of New- 

town. 



jod\ 



Lodwick : 
Lewis. 



Eoger Juckes, Ales, dau. of 
Esq. Sir Thomas 

Leighton, 
Knt. 



Margaret, d. 

of Jenkin 

Morris of 

Maesmawr, 

Gent. 



of Evan 

Gwyn of 

Manachdu, 

Esq. 

P Elizabeth, 

dau. of 
Rees Mor- 
ris ap 
Owen ap 

John 

Blainie, 

Esq. 



Matthew=j=Kathrin, d. and 



Pric of 
Park, 

Esq. 



Thomas =j=Mary, d. of John Morris Lewis,==Elizabeth, dau. 



Juckes, 
Esq. 



Bright of Miling- 
ton, Esq. 



Gent. 



John Bishop of Kerry, son=pMargaret, dau. of 



of John Bishop of Kle, 
Esq. 



Edward Cheile, 
Gent. 



of Richard 
Willson, Gent. 



heir of Evan 

Gwyn of Llan- 

idloes, Esq. 



John Pric of=f Kathrin, dau. of 
Park, Esq. j William Red of 
Bromton Castle, 
Esq. 



John Bishop,=T-Margaret, d. and heir 
Gent. I of John Griffith 

Lewis of Trehelig, 
5 Gent. 



Lodwick Lewis,=j=Dorothy, dau. of John 



Gent. 



Pric of Park, Esq. 



This is the True pedigree of Thomas Pryc of Kyfronydd, Gent. Colected out 
of the Bookes of Griffith Hirauthog, William Llyn, Rees Kain, Simon Vychan; 
Lewys Dwn, Heralds Bards ; Robert Vaughan, John Salsbry, Robert Davis, William 
Maurice, Esquires and Antiquaries, by me, MORRIS EvANS. 1 



Old MS. pedigree in the possession of the family. 



140 WELSH POOL. 

The above-named WILLIAM PRYCE of Cyffronydd, 
being the twenty-first in direct male descent from 
Bleddyn ap Convyn, Prince of Wales, married Mar- 
garet, daughter of John Bishop, and had by her four 
children, viz. 

1. Edward Pryce, born 8th May 1645 (Welshpool 
Register), must have died young, as his younger 
brother, Thomas, succeeded to the estate. 

2. Margaret, born 26th July, 1648. 

3. Thomas, born August, 1656, of whom hereafter 
(xxn). 

4. William, born 20th June 1658. 

xxii. His son, THOMAS PRYCE of Cyffronydd, mar- 
ried Lydia, daughter and co-heiress of Lodovick Lewys 
of Dolgwenith, in the parish of Llanidloes (Mont. Coll., 
vol. vii, p. 50, there by mistake called John). She 
died, and was buried 1 4th November 1707 (Castle 
Caerinion Register : " Lydia Price, uxor Thomas Price 
de Cyffronydd." M ont. Coll., vol. x, p. 430). They 
had two, and possibly three, children. 

1. John, of whom hereafter (xxm). 

2. And possibly Eleanor Pryce, who married the 
Hon. Pryce Devereux on 30th July 1740 (Castle 
Caereinion Register, Mont. Coll., vol. x, p. 430). 

3. Lydia, buried at Castle Caereinion, 1 6th February 
1707. 

xxm. JOHN PRYCE of Cyffronydd, married Grace, 

daughter of , Carreg. She died in Shrewsbury in 

1781, aged 80, and was buried at St. Alkmund's. 
He died on 26th April 1760, intestate, and without 
issue, leaving Matthew Jones, afterwards of Cyffronydd, 
his heir-at-law, him surviving (xxiv). 

xxiv. MATTHEW JOKES of Cyffronydd, born circa 
1697, succeeded to the estate on the death of John 
Pryce, s. p. and intestate, in 1760, as his heir-at-law; 
married, 1766, Mary Edwards, daughter of Humphrey 
Edwards of Rheteskin, gentleman, High Sheriff co. 
Montgomery, 1772. His will dated 8th April 1783, 



WELSH POOL. 141 

by which he confirms his marriage settlement, proved 
by his widow; died 20th May 1783, leaving two sons 
and two daughters 

1. Pryce Jones, born October 1767 (when his father 
was 70 years old), of whom presently (xxv). 

2. Matthew Jones of Welshpool, born in 1768, a 
member of the firm of Mytton, Jones, and Mytton, 
bankers, died in 1810, a bachelor. 

3. Margaret Jones, born in 1770, died in 1848; 
married, in 1802, Eev. Evan Lewis, Vicar of Llan- 
fair Caereinion (who died 23rd September 1827, 
and on his tombstone is described as being one 
of the oldest magistrates for the county). She 
had an only child 

Matthew Evan Lewis. He succeeded to Bryn- 
glas from his father, and to a moiety of Rhetes- 
kin Hall, in right of his mother. He was edu- 
cated at Jesus College, Oxford, and was J.P. co. 
Montgomery, and a Captain in the Montgomery- 
shire Militia. He married, 18th November 
1828, Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Da vies of 
Galltyllari, and sister of Major Joseph Davies, 
formerly of the 46th Regiment. He died 28th 
March 1842, leaving two daughters and co- 
heiresses 

i. Elizabeth, the wife of Rev. John Jones, eldest 
son of Rev. John Jones of Esgairevan, Llan- 
brynmair, Rector of Llanllyfrii, by his wife 
Elizabeth Wynne, sister of the late Owen 
Ellis Nanney, Esquire, of Gwynfryn. 
ii. Isabella Jane, wife of David Howell of 
Machynlleth and Craigydon (see pedigree, 
Mont. Coll., vol. xvii, p. 56). She succeeded 
to the Brynglas estate and to a moiety of 
Rheteskin estate, partly as coheiress and 
partly under her uncle, Major Davies's will, 
who had acquired the share of his niece, 
Elizabeth Jones, by an exchange with her. ' 
4. Mary Jones, died intestate and unmarried. 



142 WELSH POOL. 

xxv. PRYCE JONES of Cyffronydd, born October 
1767 ; Sheriff, co. Montgomery, 1815 ; Col. of Mont- 
gomeryshire Militia, died 13th December 1858. 
He married three times, first, Mary Browne, daughter 
of Thomas Browne of Mellington Hall, High Sheriff, 
Montgomeryshire, 1735, and sister of the first wife 
of Sir John Edwards, Bart., M.P. ; secondly, Jane, only 
child and heiress of John Davies of Machynlleth, the 
owner of the Aberllefenny estate and slate quarries, 
who was High Sheriff in 1819, and died 4th January 
1827. She died February 1825 ; and thirdly, Eliza- 
beth Davies, daughter of Rev. Robert Davies, a brother 
of John Davies of Machvnlleth. 

J 

By his first marriage he had two sons 

1. Thomas Browne Browne of Mellington Hall, born 
1805 ; an Inspector of Schools ; died in 1872 (see 
Browne pedigree). 

2. John Jones, born 1807. 

By his second marriage Pryce Jones had two sons 
and two daughters 

1. Robert Davies Jones, who took the surname of 
Pryce, in lieu of his patronymic, in 1858, of whom 
presently (xxvi). 

2. David Jones of Warborne, Lymington, Hants, 
born January 1821, married, 30th April 1-863, to 

, daughter of , Wakefield, and has two 

children 

i. Laura Francis, 
ii. David Davies, born 1869. 

3. Anne, married John Hamilton of Liverpool, and 
Hilston Park, co. Monmouth (who died December 
1868), and had issue 

i. Pryce B. Hamilton, born 1844; married, 1873, 
a daughter of Reynard Cookson of Whitewell 
Park, Durham. 

ii. Laura Jane Campbell, married, 18th February 
1873, Lieut.-Colonel Henry Charles Eden Malet, 
late Grenadier Guards, eldest son of Sir Alex- 



WELSH POOL. 143 

ander Malet, Bart., of Wilbury House, Wilts, 
and has a daughter, Vera Jean Hamilton Malet. 
iii. Alice Mary Sinclair, married, 12th September 
1866, John Francis Erskine Goodeve-Erskine, 
son of Lady Jemima, eldest daughter of John 
Thomas, eighth Earl of Mar, by her husband, 
William James Goodeve of Clifton, Somerset. 
He assumed, as heir general, the earldom of 
Mar. 1 But the Committee of House of Lords 
in 1875 decided that the earldorn of Mar 
(said to be created in the person of James 
V, Lord Erskine, 1565) was vested in Walter. 
Henry Erskine, thirteenth Earl of Keliie, as 
heir male; but this decision neither affirmed nor 
denied that there was an older earldom. As 
heir general to this older earldom, said to have 
existed in 1404, J. F. E. Goodeve-Erskine 
assumed the title, and on proper occasions 
tendered his vote as fourth Earl on the roll of 
Scotch peers. Earl of Keliie, in 1877, petitioned 
the House of Lords to allow his earldom of Mar 
to be called, not fourth, but where it would have 
stood in 1565. This the Lords refused to do, but 
directed the Lord Clerk Register to admit Lord 
Keliie to vote in the earldom of Mar, which 
stood fourth on the roll. The competency of 
the Lords to make this order was disproved, and 
had to be rescinded. The case then stood thus. 
The House of Lords assigned to Lord Keliie an 
earldom of Mar, created in 1565. which had no 
place on the Scots Roll of Peers ; and it came 
to no decision, the question not being before it, 
as to an older earldom, descendible to heirs 
female, which was assumed, not claimed, by the 
nephew on the sister's side, and heir general of 
the late Earl. In short, the Committee of 

1 " This is one of the earldoms whose origin is lost in its antiquity. 
It existed before our records and before the era of genuine history." 
{Lord Hailes.) 



144 WELSH POOL. 

Privileges discovered, on behalf of Lord Kellie, 
an earldom of 1565, the existence of which for 
three centuries had been unsuspected, but in 
their report neither affirmed nor denied that 
an older earldom might be vested in the gentle- 
man they designated " Mr. Goodeve-Erskine". 

To terminate this state of things " The Earl- 
dom of Mar Restitution Bill" was passed in 
1885, which defines the place of the Earl of 
Mar and the Earl of Kellie and Mar, and 
arranges affairs so that there may no longer be 
any dispute as regards these two ancient earl- 
doms at the election of Scotch representative 
peers at Holyrood. The Act commences by re- 
capitulating the history of Isabella, Countess of 
Mar, who, in 1404, made a present of her in- 
heritance to her husband, a Stewart, to the 
prejudice of her heir's. It goes on to show that, 
in 1565, the injustice of this surrender, and, 
indeed, its illegality, were apparent, and that 
Queen Mary gave back the earldom to John 
Lord Erskine, the heir of the Countess 
Isabella. It next shows that the present heir 
of Mar is "John Francis Erskine Goodeve- 
Erskine"; that in 1875 the House of Lords 
resolved that Queen Mary's charter to John 
Lord Erskine was a new creation " descendible 
to heirs-male", and named the Earl of Kellie as 
Earl of Mar under that charter ; and, while 
doubting whether the Countess Isabella by any 
lawful means surrendered the older earldom to 
the Crown, it enacts that John Francis Erskine 
Goodeve-Erskine should, so to speak, have the 
benefit of the doubt. He is placed " by the autho- 
rity of Parliament in the same position as if the 
honours, dignities, and titles of peerage, which 
anciently belonged to the said territorial earl- 
dom of Mar, had not been treated as if they had 
been surrendered or merged in the Crown." By 



WELSH POOL. 145 

a special clause, then, the earldom, whatever it 
was, which the Countess Isabella surrendered in 
1404, is held to be "expressly and effectually" 
restored to John Francis Erskine Goodeve- 
Erskine ; and by another, the earldom is left in 
its old precedence, fourth on the roll ; while the 
second earldom of Mar that enjoyed by Lord 
Kellie and Mar is to be called at elections " in 
the place and order properly belonging to an 
earldom created in the year 1565". Thus the 
assumption of the title by this jnobleman was 
simply, and in a remarkable manner, vindicated. 

The Countess of Mar has had but one child 
i. John Francis Hamilton Sinclair Cunliffe Brooks 
Forbes, Lord Garioch, born 27th February 
1868. 

4. Mary Elizabeth, married Capt. Pennant Lloyd, 
Elm Grove, Bangor. 

xxvi. KOBERT DAVIES JONES of Cyfronydd, born 
25th Dec. 1819, B.A. St. John's, Cambridge, 1842; 
took the name of PRYOE in lieu of his patronymic, 
1858 ; J.P. and D.L. Montgomeryshire ; High Sheriff, 
Merioneth, 1842 ; late Captain in the Montgomeryshire 
Yeomanry Cavalry ; Lord-Lieutenant of Merioneth, 
1884 ; married, on 24th January 1849, Jane, daughter 
of the late St. John Chiverton Charlton, Esq., of Apley 
Castle, co. Salop (by Jane his wife, only child and heir 
of Thomas Meyrick, Esq., of Bush), and sister of Sir 
Thomas Meyrick, Bart., of Apley Castle and Bush, and 
has four sons 

1. ATHELSTANE ROBERT PRYCE, late Captain 13th 
Hussars, born 16th November 1849. 

2. Pryce Meyrick Pryce, Captain 3rd Dragoon Guards, 
born 2nd April 1851. 

3. Arthur Hamilton Pryce, born 16th June 1863. 

4. Walter Charlton Pryce, born 12th Sept. 1865. 

VOL. xix. L 



146 WELSH POOL. 

DAVIES AND CORRIE OF DYSSERTH. 

i. MEREDITH AP DAVID of Dysserth : on Grand 
Juries, co. Montgomery, between 1625 and 1662, and 
mentioned in the records of the Manor of Llanerchydol 
from 1656 to 1687. By his wife Jane he had issue 

1 . Hugh Davies, of whom presently (n). 

2. Elizabeth, baptised at Welshpool, 4th Oct. 1639. 

3. Dorothy, baptised at Welshpool, 7th May 1646. 

4. Andrew, buried at Welshpool 9th April 1654. 

ii. HUGH DAVIES: marriage settlement dated 16th 
November 1688 ; parties thereto, " Meredith Davies of 
Dysserth, his son, Hugh Davies, and Thomas Bray of 
Marton"; married Hester, daughter of Thomas Bray of 
Marton ; baptised at Chirbury,. 1658. Maria, her 
sister, married Rev. Jonathan Edwards, Rector of 
Westbury, fifth son of Sir Thomas Edwards, Knight 
and Baronet. Their son, Thomas Edwards, Rector of 
Greet and Vicar of Chirbury, was father of the B,ev. 
Sir Thomas Edwards, seventh Baronet ; great-grand- 
father of Sir H. Hope Edwards, Bart. Hester and 
Maria Bray, and the celebrated Dr. Bray, founder 
of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, baptised at Chirbury, 2nd May 1658, 
were brother's children. The Bray family were of 
ancient standing in the parish of Chirbury. " Thomas 
Bray of Marton," third in descent from David Bray, 
living in 1450, married Gwen, second daughter of 
Oliver Lloyd, Lord of the Manor of Marrington. 
Hugh Davies had issue 

1. John Davies, of whom presently (in). 

2. Bray Davies, baptised at Welshpool, 1695-6; 
buried there 1698. 

3. Esther Davies, baptised at Welshpool, 7th April 
1698. 

lir. JOHN DAVIES, born a,t Dysserth, 1691 ; married 
twice, first, Miss Morris of Pentrenant (by whom 
he had no issue) ; secondly, Mary Lloyd, daughter of 



WELSH POOL. 147 

Maurice Lloyd of Shrewsbury, and niece of John 
Harvey Thursby (she survived her husband, and 
married, secondly, John Smith of Welsh Pool, 
gentleman, who died 21st January 1793, aged 87; 
buried at Welshpool, M. I., and had no issue). John 
Davies had issue 

1. Susannah Davies, of whom presently (iv). 

2. Mary Davies, born 1756; married Rev. Thomas 
Farmer, M.A., Vicar of Chirbury for sixty years, 
and died 1854, s. p. 

3. Elizabeth Davies, born 1760; married Rev. 
William Thornes, M.A., Vicar of Alberbury, of 
an ancient Shropshire family, and died 1824, 
having had issue 

i. John. 

ii. Thomas William, died 1884. 
iii. Elizabeth. 
iv. Mary, married Wythen Jones, Esq., of Rhiew- 

port, and left one daughter, Charlotte, who died 

unmarried. 
v. Susan, married Capt. Thomas Aldersey Jones, 

second son of John Lloyd Jones of Maesmawr, 

and had issue 1, John ; 2, Susan (deceased) ; 

and 3, Emma Mary, all unmarried. 

iv. SUSANNAH DAVIES, born 1759, married John 
Corrie of Vauxhall, co. Surrey (born 15th May 
1750, died 1806), and died 29th October 1844, aged 
85 ; buried at Welshpool, M. L, and had issue 

1. Susannah Maria, born 1796 ; married Rev. David 
Davies, Vicar of Llangynllo, Radnorshire, and 
died 21st October 1876, s. p. 

2. John Davies Corrie, of whom presently (v). 

3. Samuel Thomas Corrie, born 1 799 ; died in Quebec, 
1827, unmarried. 

v. JOHN DAVIES CORRIE of Dysserth, born 1797. 
One of the last two Bailiffs of Welshpool, 1834 ; first 
Mayor of Welshpool, 1835; J.P., co. Montgomery; 
Captain in the Montgomeryshire Yeomanry Cavalry ; 



148 WELSH POOL. 

High Sheriff co. Montgomery, 1850 ; Deputy-Lieu- 
tenant, 1852 ; died 20th December 1878, aged 81 ; 
buried at Welshpool, M. I. He married twice, first, 

Mary Anne, daughter of Joseph Meire of Salop, by 

his wife, only child and heiress of Richard Jaundrell of 
Pulverbatch ; she died 4th December 1838, aged 35, 
buried at Welshpool, M. I. ; secondly, Emma, daughter 

of Rev. H. Crump (by his wife , daughter of Stafford 

Price), and widow of Rev. E. Ward; she died 12th 
November 1856, aged 55, was buried at Welshpool, 
M. L, and left no issue. John Davies Corrie, by his 
first marriage, had issue 

1. John Davies Corrie, died 24th October 1841, aged 
15, buried at Welshpool, M.I. 

2. Joseph Harvey Corrie, died at Newport, Salop, 
24th May 1843, M.I. in Welshpool churchyard. 

3. Samuel Thomas Corrie, Lieutenant 18th Royal 
Irish, died in 1867, unmarried, buried at Bon- 
church, Isle of Wight. 

4. MARY ANNE CORRIE of Dysserth, living 1886. 



PARRY OF WELSHPOOL. 

I, THOMAS PARRY was an attorney in Welshpool, 
and lived "near the bridge in Pool" in 1728, and was 
then a strong opponent to the erection of a gallery 
over the rood-loft in Welshpool church (see Mont. 
Coll., vol, xiv, p. 163). He died 23rd February 
1742, having by his will, dated 20th April 1741, 
bequeathed 50 for the benefit of the Almshouses in 
Welshpool (ibid., xv, p. 329). By the Charity Com^ 
missioners' Report of 1838, arid a document under 
their hands and seals, dated 28th June 1837, he is 
stated to be the founder of the Almshouses (ibid., p. 
333) ; but such was not the case, as the Almshouses 
were in existence prior to 1615 (see ibid., vol. xvii, 
p. 333). He had three sons and one daughter, all 
of whom are mentioned in his will, viz. 



WELSH POOL. 149 

1. Humphrey Parry, of whom hereafter (n). 

2. Thomas Parry, who had two daughters, Elizabeth 
and Catherine, who are mentioned in their grand- 
father's will. 

3. Edward Parry, of whom also hereafter (n), p. 152. 

4. Mary Parry, married Thomas Traunter, gentleman 
(who died September 1727, aged 44, M. I., Welsh- 
pool church, son of Thomas Traunter, gentleman, 
by Elizabeth his wife, who died 19th June 1692, 
M. I., Welshpool church, who had also a son 
Meuric and a daughter Margaret of Turkey House, 
parish of Churchstoke, buried at Welshpool, 19th 
January 1779, M.I.) Mary Traunter had a son, 
Thomas Traunter, who is mentioned in his grand- 
father's will. 

ii. HUMPHREY PARRY, eldest son of Thomas Pariy, 
was an attorney in Llarifyllin. His will is dated 23rd 
May 1769, and was proved 28th July 1769; men- 
tions his wife Mary and his children and grand- 
children, as after alluded to. He had one son and 
three daughters. 

1. Humphrey Parry, mentioned in his grandfather's 
will, matriculated at Jesus College, Oxford, 1738, 
entered as " gent., son of Humphrey Parry of 
Llanfyllin", died s. p. 

2. Mary, married to Lloyd, mentioned in her 

father's will. 

3. Jane, married to Griffiths, also so mentioned. 

4. Sidney, of whom hereafter (ill). 

in. SIDNEY PARRY, married George Dorsett of Llan- 
idan, Anglespa, and afterwards of Oswestry, second 
son of Francis Dorsett (who resided at or near JBangor, 
1744, and died in 1757, and who disinherited his first 
son and daughter, who both married and had children). 
She died in 1763, and her husband in 1769, having 
had five children, viz. 

1. Francis Dorsett, of whom hereafter (iv). 



150 WELSH POOL. 

2. Blanche Dorsett, mentioned in her father's will, 

married twice, first, Rev Jones, and secondly, 

Rev Jeffrys. 

3. Ursula Dorsett, mentioned in her father's will, 
married Richard Da vies of Llanfyllin, and had two 
daughters 1, Jane Parry Da vies, and 2, Margaret 
Davies. 

4. Marv Dorsett, mentioned in her father's will, died 
in Chester, 1804. 

5. Sidney Dorsett, mentioned in her father's will. 

iv. FRANCIS DORSETT, to whom his father devised 
his property in fee, after the failure of the issue 
of his daughters, Mary Lloyd and Jane Griffiths. 
He married Margaret Lloyd 1 of Halkin, Flintshire, 
and had one son and three daughters 

1. Humphrey Parry Dorsett, married a daughter of 

Rev Roberts, Whittington, Salop, and died 

without issue. He was the owner of considerable 
property in Welshpool, which was sold subsequent 
to the year 1793 (see advertisement, Mont. Coll., 
xv, p. 331), and had the property from the 
Dorsetts of Plas Ucha in Denbighshire, with some 
lands in Shropshire, all of which he dissipated. 
He paid the legacy bequeathed by his ancestors, 
Thomas Parry and Humphrey Parry, to the 
Welshpool Almshouses up to the year 1799. 

2. Mary Dorsett, of whom hereafter (v). 

3. Jane Dorsett, married Dr. Evans of Trewern, co. 
Montgomery ; died in 1821. 

4. Sidney Dorsett, married Captain Davies of Mont- 
gomeryshire. 

v. MARY DORSETT, married John Owen of Mold 
and Oswestry, at Gretna Green in 1782, and had four 
children 

1 "In 1742 Evan Lloyd of Halkin was elected Sheriff in place of 
William Middleton of Skivor, who was sent to Newgate throiigh 
some irregular practices at an election." This is communicated by 
the Owen family, as found in a MS. in their keeping. 



WELSH POOL. 151 

1. John Owen of Broadway, co. Montgomery, J.P., 
D.L., High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, 1844 ; 
married twice : first, Mary Townsend, daughter of 
Caryl Fleetwood, and secondly, Isabella, daughter 
of Robert Russell of Lewisham ; died in 1866, s. p. 

2. George Dorsett Owen, of whom presently (vi). 

3. Charles Browne Owen, married Elizabeth Jones ; 
died in 1877, and left three children 

i. John Dorsett Owen of Plas yn Groes, Elles- 
mere, married Mary Elizabeth Topham, and has 
a son, John Dorsett Owen, and a daughter, 
Mary Gertrude Owen. 

ii. Francis Brown Owen, married Mary Elizabeth 
Dale, and has a son, Charles Brown Owen, and 
a daughter, Frances Lucy Owen. 
iii. Mary Elizabeth Owen, married John Davies of 

Duddlestone Hall, Salop. 
4. Humphrey Francis Owen, died in India, s. p. 

VT. GEORGE DORSETT OWEN, married Jane Emma, 
daughter of Samuel Jones of Montgomery, and niece 
of the late Sir Charles 'Thomas Jones of Fronfraith, 
co. Montgomery (High Sheriff 1832); died in 1839, 
leaving five children 

1. John Maurice Dorsett Owen, of whom hereafter 

(VII). 

2. Lucy Jane Owen. 

3. George Dorsett Owen. 

4. Emma Owen. 

5. Charles Whitley Owen, now of Fronfraith, on the 
roll for High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, 1885. 

vn. Rev. JOHN MAURICE DORSETT OWEN, Brasenose 
College, Oxford, M.A., Vicar of Burnley, Lancashire, 
married Clara, daughter of Rev. George Pearce of 
Marthum, Norfolk, and has two sons 

1. John Dorsett Owen. 

2. Herbert Dorsett Owen. 



152 WELSH POOL. 

ii. EDWARD PARRY, second son of Thomas Parry 
(see supra, p. 149), matriculated at Jesus College, Ox- 
ford, and entered as "son of Thomas Parry, Pool"; also 
mentioned in his fathers will. B.A. 1707, M.A. 1712, 
Vicar of Oswestry 1713, Eector of Darowen 1720, 
Canonia Sexta 1722. He married, in December 1715, 
Mary Price, and had two children, both of theni men- 
tioned in their grandfather's will 

1. Edward, of whom hereafter (in). 

2. Hester. 

in. EDWARD PARRY, born at Oswestry the 16th and 
baptised the 17th January 1719, afterwards of Nerquis, 

near Mold, married Grace, daughter of Jones ; her 

grandmother lived at Sough tori, near Mold ; her half- 
brother was an attorney, Humffreys Jones, and lived 
near Llanfyllin, co. Montgomery. They had a son 

iv. .Rev. EDWARD PARRY, Incumbent of Llanferres, 

Denbigh, 1790, Eector of Llangar 1784, married , 

daughter of Wynne (Bishop Wynne's son, John, 

held the Soughton estate, Northop parish, in 1747), 
and had six children 

1. John Humffreys Parry, of whom hereafter (v). 

2. Peter Parry, Mold, Coroner 1816, J.P. for the 
borough. 

3. William Parry, a solicitor, died 1831. 

4. Edward Parry, an officer in the army ; died un- 
married. 

5. Thomas Parry, D.D., Bishop of Barbadoes, born 
in 1795, of Oriel College, Oxford, Fellow of Balliol 
College. In 1 842 he was consecrated second Bishop 
of Barbadoes ; author of Expositions of the Epistles 
of St. Paul, etc. ; married Louisa, daughter of H. 
Hallon of Clapham (who was the authoress of The 
Young Christians Sunday Evening, and other 
popular religious works). He died 1870, aged 78. 

6. Anna Maria Parry, married Rev. John Warneford 
of Mickleham, Surrey. 



WELSH POOL. 153 

v. JOHN HCJMFFKEYS PARRY, born at Mold 1737, 
called to the Bar 1810. He was the editor of the 
Cambro- Briton (1820-22), author of Cambrian Plutarch 
(1824). He married, 1st January 1801, Hannah, 
daughter of John Thomas, attorney, Llanfyllin, and 
died in 1825, leaving two sons 

1. John Humffreys Parry, of whom hereafter. 

2. Rev. Edward Humffreys Parry, Vicar of Surfleet, 
Lincolnshire; married Mary Emily, daughter of 
Rev. John Warneford of Mickleham, Surrey, arid 
has five daughters. 

vi. JOHN HUMPHREYS PARRY, born in 1816 ; called 
to the Bar, Middle Temple, Trinity Term, 1843; 
Serjeant-at-law, 1856 ; in 1878 elected a Bencher of the 
Middle Temple ; married twice first, Mary, widow 
of Henry New ; secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Edwin 
Abbott, and died 10th January 1880, leaving by his 
first marriage two sons 

1. John Humffreys Parry. 

2. Edward Abbott Parry, married Helen, daughter 
of Thomas Hart of Grange-over-land, Lancashire, 
and has two daughters. 



HARRISON OF FRONLLWYD* 

I. ROBERT JOHN HARRISON of Calne, Wiltshire, born 
29th June 1755, married, in 1779, Mary Devereux, 
only daughter of John Devereux (who died in his 
father's life-time), the son of George Devereux of 
Cefngwernfa, by his wife Mary Nanney, daughter of 
John Nanney of Maes y Pandy, the eldest son of 
George Devereux of Cefngwernfa, by his wife Hester 
Jones, only daughter and heiress of Evan Jones of 
Llanllothian, the eldest son of Edward Devereux of 
Cefngwernfa, the fifth son of George Devereux of 
Vaynor, who died in 1682, and was the son of Sir 
George Devereux, Knight, the son of Sir Edward 
Devereux, Knight, who was the son of Walter Dev- 

VOL. XIX. M 



154 WELSH POOL. 

ereux, first Viscount Hereford. He died in December 
1792, leaving his wife him surviving (who married 
secondly the Rev. John> Pryce of Dolforwyn Hall 1 ), and 
leaving issue 

1. Robert John Harrison, formerly of the Gaer, and 
afterwards of Caerhowel, Major of the Royal 
Montgomery Militia, upon whom the Gaer and 
Cefngwernfa property descended in right of his 
mother (for his descendants, see Montgomeryshire 
Collections, vol. xvii, p. 103). 

1 By her second marriage, in 1796, with the Rev. John Pryce of 
Dolforwyn Hall, she had one son and two daughters 

1. John Devereux Pryce, born 7th June 1799, for whom George, 
thirteenth Viscount Hereford, stood sponsor, married, 5th May 
1818, Mary, daughter of Captain Woolaston, 53rd Regiment. 
She died Hth May 1885, and he died on 5th April 1861, 
having had two sons and four daughters 

i. John Devereux Pryce, born 5th February 1819 ; married, 
September 1847, Anne, daughter of Rev. John Davies, M.A., 
of Fronfelin, and died February 1848, without issue. His 
widow is now of Maesrnawr Hall, Llandinam. 

ii. Thomas Devereux Pryce, born 6th December 1820 ; married, 
1851, Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Horatio Nelson of 
Wisbeach, co. Norfolk, and has no issue. 

iii. Jane Eliza Devereux Pryce of Pentre, Leighton. 

iv. Eliza Devereux Pryce of Pentre, Leighton. 

v. Caroline Henrietta Devereux Pryce of Pentre, Leighton. 

vi. Eleanora Devereux Pryce of Pentre, Leighton. 

2. Mary Pryce, married, in 1817, George Roden of Sutton Maddock, 
and died in 1883, leaving no issue. 

3. Eliza Pryce, married, 5th October 1818, George Frederick 
Muntz of Umberslade, Warwickshire, M.P. for Birmingham 
(who died in 1857). She died 13th March 1873, having had 
issue 

i. Eliza Francis Muntz, married James Gurney Sheppard. 

ii. George Frederick Muntz of Umberslade, born 1822. 

iii. William Henry Muntz, died 1870. 

iv. John Frederick Muntz, died 1880. 

v. Charles Muntz (resides in New Zealand). 

vi. Eugene Gustavus Muntz (resides in Canada). 

vii. Philip Albert Muntz, M.P. for North Warwickshire, of Duns- 
more, Ragley, born 1839 ; married, in 1859, Rosalie, daughter 
of P. H. Muntz, M.P., and has issue four sons and two 
daughters. 



WELSH POOL. 155 

2. George Devereux Harrison, of whom presently, 
and two other sons and one daughter. 

ii. GEORGE DEVEREUX HARRISON of Llanerchydol 
Cottage, born 1773, Lieutenant Royal Marines; married, 
in 1812, Sarah Griffiths, only surviving daughter of 
Robert Griffiths of Welshpool, by his wife Hester 
Gethyn, the daughter of John Gethyn of Vaynor, by 
Mary Owen, widow of Lingaine Owen of Bettws 
Hall (formerly Mary Lloyd, spinster), his wife, third 
daughter of Jenkyn Lloyd of Clochfaen. 1 He died 
on 20th December 1819, and was buried at Welshpool 
(M. 1.), and his widow died 5th March 1868, having had 
issue- 

1. Robert Devereux Harrison (ill), of whom presently. 

2. Marian Constantia, died an infant. 

3. George Devereux Harrison of Welshpool, surgeon, 
born 28th January 1815, and died 26th May 1843, 
unmarried, and was buried at Welshpool (M. I.). 

4. Richard Pryce Harrison, born 20th June 1816 ; 
in Bengal Civil Service, 1835-67 ; Civil and 
Sessions Judge of Moorselelabad, 1856, and of 
Hooghly, 1857 ; Accountant to the Government 
of Bengal, 1857-58 ; appointed Accountant-General 
to the Government of Bengal, 1859; a Govern- 
ment Director of the Bank of Madras, and a Mem- 
ber of the Mint Committee ; Accountant-General 
and Auditor- General to the Government of India ; 
and President and first Member of the Board of 
Audit, Government Director of the Bank of Ben- 
gal, and a Member of the Mint Committee, 
1861 ; Comptroller-General of Accounts for India, 
1864-67 ; created a Companion of the Star of 
India, 1870; born 20th June 1816; married, in 
the year 1842, Harriette Cheke, daughter of 
Surgeon George Nicholas Cheke of the Bengal 
Medical Service, living in 1886, and has had four 
sons and six daughters 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. ii, p. 279. 

M 2 



156 WELSH POOL. 

i. Robert John Harrison, born 6th January 1848; 
now resident in India as a tea planter, and 
married, 
ii. Pryce Devereux Harrison, born 6th August 

1852 ; resident in India, banker, and married, 
iii. Alfred Gethyn Harrison, born 6th December 

1856 ; now in America, 
iv. Richard Pryce Harrison, born 1858; died in 

infancy. 

v. Sophia Catherine Harrison, married, in 1861, to 
Capt. (now Colonel) Edward Bosc Sladen, of 
the Madras Staff Corps ; living, 1886. She died 
June 1866, leaving issue 

1. Edward Sydney St. Barbe Sladen, born Sep- 
tember 12th, 1862, a medical student. 

2. Marion Ethel Sladen. 

vi. Marianne Harrison ; died in infancy. 
vii. Harriette Augusta, married, on 17th January 
1878, Rev. John James Turner, M.A., of 
Pentreheylin (see Turner pedigree, infra), who 
died 12th December 1879, and has issue 

1. Noel Price James Turner, born December 7th, 
1878. 

2. John James Turner, born May 9th, 1880. 
viii. Lucy Harrison; living, 1886. 

ix. Ella Mary Harrison ; died in infancy. 
x. Edith Emily Harrison ; living, 1886. 

5. John Pryce Harrison, born 2nd November 1817, 
formerly of Welshpool, afterwards of Cheltenham ; 
late Clerk of the Peace for Montgomeryshire, and 
Clerk of the Lieutenancy ; Colonel of the Royal 
Montgomery Militia from 1879 to 1882 ; married, 
on 1st October 1870, to Ada Burton, and died at 
Cheltenham, 10th February 1884, leaving one 
daughter 

i. Ellenora Harrison. 

6. Edward Thompson David Harrison, formerly of 
Welshpool, surgeon, and now of Clifton, near 
Bristol, born 8th November 1819; Mayor of Welsh- 



WELSH POOL. 157 

pool, 1853, 1862, and 1867; formerly Surgeon- 
Major of the Royal Montgomery Militia ; married, 
2nd June 1851, Emily Anne Barlow, daughter of 
Surgeon George Nicholas Cheke, of the Bengal 
Medical Service, and widow of Edward Deedes, of 
the Bengal Civil Service (by whom she had an 
only son, Edward George Deedes, Lieutenant 
retired R.N.). They have had three sons and 
five daughters 
i. Edward Devereux Harrison, born 13th April 

1857; now resident in Ceylon as a tea planter, 
ii. John Moseley Gilbert Harrison, born 1st De- 
cember 1862 ; now in America, 
iii. Richard Walter Harrison, born 12th February 

1866 ; now in America, 
iv. Emily Ada Harrison ; living, 1886. 
v. Hester Marion Harrison, married, 6th March 

1879, to George Anson Templer of Ceylon; 

died there llth August 1880, leaving one 

son 

1. George Templer, born August 1880. 
vi. Constance Mary Harrison ; died an infant. 
vii. Florence Edith Harrison ; living, 1886. 
viii. Alice Maud Harrison ; died an infant. 

in. ROBERT DEVEREUX HARRISON of Fronllwyd, bora 
27bh January 1813; solicitor and county coroner; 
married twice first, 1st October 1845, Harriotte 
Pryce, daughter of Richard Pryce of Gunley ; she 
died 5th May 1866 (see Mont. Coll, vol. xviii, 
p. 118); and secondly, 26th April 1870, Emily 
Ackerley, daughter of William Ackerley of Wigan. 
He had by his first marriage three sons and four 
daughters, and by his second marriage one son and one 
daughter. He died on 8th April 1874. By his first mar- 
riage he had 

1. George Devereux Harrison, of whom presently. 

2. Henry Edward Harrison, born 18th February 
1853, and died 6th April 1868. 



158 WELSH POOL. 

3. Robert Mostyn Harrison of Welshpool, solicitor, 
born 22nd June 1854. 

4. Harriotte Sarah Harrison ; living, 1886. 

5. Eliza Constantia Harrison, married, on 3 1st July 
1877, to Rev. Clement Glover Moore, M.A., chap- 
lain, East India, and has issue 

i. Norah Eliza Constantia Moore, died an infant. 

ii. Janet Brinhilda Moore, 
iii. Cleve Willoughby Moore, born 1882, 
iv. Cyril Glover Moore, born, 1884. 

6. Charlotte Anne Harrison; living, 1886. 

7. Frances Marian Harrison ; died an infant. 
By his second marriage he had 

1. Arthur Howarth Pryce Harrison, born 14th July 
1871. 

2. Alice Maud Harrison ; died an infant. 

iv. GEORGE DEVEREUX HARRISON of Fronllwyd, born 
14th December 1847, a solicitor, Clerk of the Peace for 
co. Montgomery, and Clerk of the Lieutenancy ; Mayor 
of Welshpool, 1879 and 1880; married, 6th June 
1876, Emily Naylor, third daughter of John Naylor of 
Leighton Hall, by Georgiana his wife, daughter of 
John Edwards of Ness Strange, co. Salop, by his wife 
Charlotte Margaret, daughter of the Rev. George 
Martin, Yicar of Great Ness, by the Lady Mary 
Murray his wife, youngest daughter of John, third 
Duke of Atholl (by Charlotte, Baroness Strange of 
Knockyn). They have issue three sons and three 
daughters 

1. George Rowland Devereux Harrison, born 5th 
March 1877. 

2. James Murray Robert Harrison, born 1st October 
1880. 

3. Henry Edward Harrison, born 1 2th September 1882, 

4. Harriotte Emily Harrison, 

5. Edith Maud Harrison. 

6. Sybil Mary Harrison. 



WELSH POOL. 159 



BO WEN OP WELSH POOL AND HENDEEHENE. 

I. EDWARD BOWEN, married Elizabeth Harrison of 
Carnarvonshire. By an indenture, dated 9th Novem- 
ber 1709, between Edward Bowen and Elizabeth his 
wife, his eldest son and heir, John Bowen, Edward 
Hayward of Guilsfield, and John Edwards of Hatton, 
co. Salop, all described as gentlemen, certain property 
was settled upon the son, John Bowen, subject to pay- 
ment of an annuity to his father and mother. Edward 
Bowen left one son 

ii. JOHN BOWEN of Guilsfield, married in 1709 to 
Rosa, daughter of John Jones of Pantbeethel, parish 
of Berriew. Marriage settlement dated 19th Novem- 
ber 1709 ; parties "John Bowen of Guilsfield, first 
part ; John Jones of Pantbeethel, second part ; William 
Dyos of Garth, Guilsfield, and John Jones, junr., of 
third part." It settled, on heirs male, property "join- 
ing Brochwell Wynn's property". He left a son 

in. JOHN BOWEN, born 1710, died 1786, buried at 
Welshpool ; married, 1749, Elizabeth Devereux, Meri- 
onethshire. By deeds dated 30th and 31st October 
1762, John Bowen and Elizabeth his wife conveyed 
lands called The Moat, in Guilsfield, to William Dyos. 
He had issue 

1. William, born 1750, died 1837, in Dublin. No 
issue. 

2. Thomas, of whom presently (iv). 

3. Pryce, born 1761, died 5th December 1846, aged 
85 ; buried at Welshpool, M. I. Will proved 
under 15,000 ; executor, Thomas Powell. 

iv. THOMAS BOWEN of Welshpool, born 1757, died 
January 8th, 1838, who married twice first, Sarah, 
daughter of Robert Morris, by Magdalen Lloyd his 
wife. She died Feb. 5th, 1791 ; buried at Welshpool, 
M. I., leaving issue. By this marriage the Hendrehene 
property came (see pedigree, " Lloyd, Hendrehene") ; 
secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of ... Worthington, and 



160 WELSH POOL. 

sister of Thomas Worthington, Buttington Hall, She 
died July 6th, 1822 ; buried at Welshpool, M. I. 

Thomas Bowen, by his first marriage, had issue 

1. Thomas Bowen of Hendrehene, juris matris, of 
whom hereafter (v). 

2. Robert Bowen, born 1790, died 1833, unmarried. 

Thomas Bowen, by his second marriage, had issue 

1. Pryce Bowen, Montpelier Lodge, Brighton, born 
May 29th, 1799, died July 5th, 1865; married 
Sarah, daughter of William Wallace of Brighton. 
No issue. . 

2. Evan Bowen of Ensdon House, near Shrewsbury, 
born October 6th, 1802, died December 15th, 
1876 ; buried at Montford, Salop ; married, Octo- 
ber 15th, 1839, Ann, daughter of John Minton of 
forton, near Shrewsbury, and had issue 

i. Elizabeth Margaret, born August 9th, 1840; 
married John Bowen Jones, Ensdon House, 
Salop, September 29th, 1863. 
ii. Ann Charlotte, born January 24th, 1857. 

3. William Bowen of Bicton, near Shrewsbury, born 
July 1807, died August 17th, 1872; buried at 
Bicton, Salop; having married, in 1840, Jane, 
daughter of ... Baker of Worthing, and had 
issue 

i. William Worthington, born June 18th, 1841, 

died November 29th, 1867. 

ii. Pryce Herbert, born May llth, 1848, died 
November 20th, 1881 ; married Christina of ... 
' Nye, Brighton. No issue, 
iii. John Francis, born November 10th, 1850, died 

May 17th, 1881. 
iv. Ida Elizabeth, born April 4th, 1843, died 

September 6th, 1843. 
v.Ann Eliza, born December 6th, 1845, died 

September 3rd, 1865. 

vi. Charlotte Martha, born July 2nd, 1852 ; living, 
1886. 



WELSH POOL. 161 

vii. Laura Jane, born May 9th, 1855 ; living, 1886 ; 

married David Kenyon-Stowe of Bristol, in 

1881. 
viii. Mary Helena, born October 3rd, 1857, died 

May 3rd, 1858. 

4. John Bo wen of Emscotte, Warwick, born August 
28th, 1811; married twice first, Charlotte, 
daughter of John Griffiths, Welshpool ; second, 
Martha Hamilton, daughter of John Davies, 
Haverill, Suffolk. By his first marriage he had 
issue 

i. Charlotte Eliza, born November 21st, 1842; 
married Richard Archer Wallington of Kenil- 
worth, October 15th, 1863. 

ii. Mary Patience, born July 12th, 1847 ; married 
Thomas Mytton of Surbiton, February llth, 
1874. 
By his second marriage he had issue 

i. John Evan, born May 27th, 1855 ; married 
Christina Charlotte, daughter of George C. 
Bruce of Surbiton, February 10th, 1885. 
ii. Alfred Edward, born September 21st, 1862. 
iii. Amy Sophy, born September 4th, 1856; died 

September 15th, 1878. 
iv. Ada Martha, born February 23rd, 1858. 
v. Lilian Emily, born June 28th, 1861. 
vi. Katherine Maria, born August 22nd, 1864. 
vii. Elizabeth May, born April 15th, 1866. 

5. Elizabeth, born November 22nd, 1795, died March 
19th, 1867. 

6. Sarah, born February 18th, 1797; died August 
12th, 1885. 

7. Charlotte, born January 20th, 1800; still living 
in Shrewsbury, 1886. 

8. Ann, born August 1804, died November 5th, 1845; 
having married, February 6th, 1834, John Jones, 
born September 18th, 1795, of the firm of Castle, 
Jones, and Luck, merchants, Alderman bury, in 
the City of London, and of Eaton House, Totten- 



162 WELSH POOL. 

ham, in the county of Middlesex. He was the 
grandson of Rheese Jones of Urogo and Upper 
House estates, in the parishes of Diserth and 
Llansaintffraid in Elvel, in the county of Radnor, 
and had issue 
i. Rice Thomas Jones, born June 2nd, 1839 ; died 

January 9th, 1867. 

ii. John Bowen Jones, born December 25th, 1840 ; 
married to Elizabeth Margaret, daughter of 
Evan Bowen of Ensdon House, Salop, Septem- 
ber 29th, 1863 ; living, 1886. 
iii. William Jones, born October 5th, 1842 ; living, 

1886. 
iv. Elizabeth Jane Jones, born January 20th, 1836; 

died 1851. 
v. Martha Jones, born June 12th, 1837; married 

William Mumford Jay of Bristol; living, 1886. 
vi. Sarah Anne Jones, born March 20th, 1.844 ; 
married to George Mountain Bowen of Quebec, 
Canada. 

v. THOMAS BOWEN of Hendrehene, which he in- 
herited from his mother, born April 1788 ; Mayor 
of Welshpool, 1840 ; manager of the Welshpool branch 
of the North and South Wales Bank ; married, in 1820, 
Rebecca, daughter of Thomas Powell of Llivior, 
(see Powell pedigree, infra, p. 192) ; born 1785 ; died 
March 1855, and was buried at Shrawardine, Salop, 
and had issue 

1. Thomas Lloyd Bowen of Liverpool, born Feb- 
ruary 29th, 1824 ; died November 30th, 1880 ; 
unmarried. 

2. Pryce William Bowen of Shrawardine Castle, of 
whom hereafter (vi.) 

3. Sarah Jane Bowen, born April 1825, died August 
1839 ; unmarried. 

4. Elizabeth Rebecca Bowen, born 1826; living, 
1886 ; married, April 2nd, 1861, Edmund Allen 
of Herne Hill, Surrey, and has issue 



WELSH POOL. 163 

i. Mary Ethel Allen, born July 4th, 1864. 

5. Charlotte Anne, born 1828; living, 1886; mar- 
ried, October 28th, 1854, Thomas Mein Glume of 
Princes Park, Liverpool, and has issue 

i. Rutherfurd Bowen Clunie, born July 17th, 1855. 

ii. Frank Wright Clunie, born November llth, 1857. 
iii. Charles Dale Clunie, born May 1861. 
iv. Jessie Mein Clunie. 

6. Jane Magdalen, born August 1830 ; living, 1886 ; 
married, March 13th, 1855, Richard Blythe of 
Liverpool, and has issue 

i. Thomas Bowen Blythe, born March 30th, 1858. 

ii. Edmund Cheshire Blythe, born 1860, died 1874. 
iii. Harold Carlyle Blythe, born September 30th, 

1862. 
iv. Percy George Blythe, born November 16th, 1865. 

v. Hugh Blythe, born March 28th, 1870. 

vi. PBYCE WILLIAM BOWEN of Shrawardine Castle, 
Salop, born October 1829, died October 28th, 1868, 
and was buried at Shrawardine, Salop. He married 
Martha, the daughter of Christopher Bentham of Laurel 
Grove, near Wrexham, and had issue 

1. Thomas Pryce Bowen, born 20th December 1856 ; 
died December 1885. 

2. Bentham Lloyd Bowen, of whom hereafter (vn.) 

3. Victor George Bowen, born December 1st, 1863. 

4. Ernest Evan Bowen, born August 18th, 1867. 

5. Alice Bowen. 

6. Maude Bowen. 

vn. BENTHAM LLOYD BOWEN, born 3rd September 
1860. 



164 WELSH POOL. 



EVANS OF TIRYMYNECH AND UPPER MILL POOL. 

This family of EVANS was long settled in the town- 
ship of Tirymynech, in the parish of Guilsfield, in the 
county of Montgomery. 

On the llth July 1634, 10 Charles I, David ap 
Evan of Varchoel had a sub-lease of lands at Tirymy- 
nech in his own occupation from David Porter and 
William Lloyd, who held under the Lords of Powis. 
The identity of this David is more difficult to deter- 
mine than that of his land, which seems in later times 
to have been leased direct from the Powis family to 
this family of Evans. 

Others of the name were resident in the neighbour- 
hood, but are unidentified. 

Among the Powis leases there is one, without date, 
from the Duke and Marquis of Powis to Thomas Evans, 
of a farm in the Manor of Strata Marcella. The first 
duke died in 1696, and his son and grandson assumed 
the title, the latter dying in 1748. The lease was pro- 
bably early in the seventeenth century. In the Powis 
rent-roll of 1717 there is "Thomas Evans, the Farm", 
often called Dyer's farm. 

1. THOMAS EVANS, of Tirymynech in 1721, and of 
Welshtown in 1731, purchased in 1735 certain free- 
hold property in Pool. He married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Field, senr., of Tirymynech. Upon the 
death of Thomas Field, junr., her brother, in 1757, cer- 
tain freehold property in Tirymynech and Trewern 
(including the Plough and Harrow Inn) devolved upon 
Elizabeth Evans and her sister, Mrs. Corvvearn, as his 
heiresses-at-law. Thomas Evans died prior to 1742, 
when administration of his effects was granted to his 
widow. He left three sons, viz. 

I.THOMAS EVANS, baptised in 1721, of whom pre- 
sently (n). 

2. Field Evans, baptised at Pool, 18th June 1731 ; 
married Miss Humphreys, and had issue 



WELSH POOL. 165 

i. Thomas Field Evans, who married Mary 
Stephens, and had issue Thomas Field Evans 
and Sarah Ann Evans, 
ii. Mary Anne Evans. 

3. John Evans, of the Farm, Tirymynech, born about 
1734, being eighty-three at the time of his death, 
1 9 th May 1817; buried at Pool. He married twice 
first, Mary Minton ; secondly, Mary, daughter 
to John Jones of Varchwell, sister to his brother 
Thomas's second wife. Will dated 3rd February 
1792 ; administration cum test. ann. granted to his 
widow, who survived until 21st May 1831, when 
she died, aged 89. By his first wife, Mary Min- 
ton, he had issue 

i. Thomas Evans, who by his first wife. Margaret 
Griffiths, had three daughters 1, Elizabeth ; 
2, Margaret, wife of Charles Shaw of Melling- 
ton ; 3, Joyce ; and by his second wife, Mary 
Meredith, had two children, living in 1853 1, 
Mary, wife of William Wainwright ; 2, Ann, wife 
of Thomas Henry Mitchell, Captain in Her 
Majesty's army, unattached, and Governor of 
Sal ford Gaol. 

ii. Anne, who married twice first, on 29th Sep- 
tember 1778, Edward Griffiths (buried at Guils- 
field, 8th January 1782), by whom she had two 
children, viz. 

1. Edward Griffiths of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
gent, (born in 1779, and died 21st December 
1863), who had issue Edward Griffiths of the 
same place, solicitor, living 1886, and two 
daughters, one of whom is dead. 

2. Thomas Griffiths, died in his infancy, and 
buried 14th May 1781. 

And secondly, on 15th November 1783, at 
Guilsfield, Thomas Williams of Carreghova 
(who died 22nd May 1798, aged 36, and was 
buried at Llanymynech), by whom she had 
issue 



166 WELSH POOL. 

1. Thomas Williams, died 28th September 1802, 
aged 18. 

2. Ann Williams, born 12th November 1786, 
baptised 18th January 1787, at Guilsfield ; 
married at Llansaintffraid, 30th June 1834, to 
Robert Wall. " By her marriage settlement, 
dated two days [before her marriage], a free- 
hold property, Glanverniew [near the railway 
station at Llanymynech], was vested in trus- 
tees (R. Deakin, now deceased, and R. J. 
Croxon) for her appointment, and in default, 
for her separate use, with remainder, in case of 
her death during her husband's life (which 
took place), for her then heirs or co-heirs at 
law. After her death without issue, 23rd June 
1854, her husband had no claim; no paternal 
relative has made a claim, but the surviving 
trustee, Croxon, refused to give possession to 
her uterine brother until proof of the extinc- 
tion of her father's family were given. This 
has hitherto not been done, and the estate, 
worth more than 2,000, lacks an heir." 1 

3. John Williams, died 28th August 1825, aged 
31, unmarried. 

By his second wife, Mary Jones, John Evans had 
issue 

i. JohnEvans,who had four children 1, John, upon 
whom the Henfaes property devolved as heir- 
at-law of his uncle, Field Evans; 2, Elizabeth, 
wife of Wm. Williams; 3, Mary; 4, Jane, wife 
of James Martin, 
ii. Field Evans of Henfaes, near Welshpool, born 
about 1769; married, llth April 1800, at St. 
Chad's, Shrewsbury, Ann Bryan (see Parry of 
Leighton pedigree, infra), and died in 1853 
without issue, and intestate. 
iii. William Evans, who had issue, 1, John; 2, Jane, 

1 A privately printed pamphlet, "Evans", 1865. 



WELSH POOL. 167 

the wife of Charles Pugh ; 3, Sarah, the wife 
of Richard Morris. 

iv. Edward ; v, Arthur. 

vi. Elizabeth, married Evan Jones. 

vii. Rachael. 

viii. Margaret, married William Williams of Tre- 
werri Hall, and had issue (a) Richard ; (6) 
William ; (c) John ; (d) Elizabeth ; (e) Sarah ; 
(f) Mary Williams, married at Buttington, 
about 1816-17, Rev. Thomas Gouldsbro', In- 
cumbent of Trelystan, who died prior to 1853, 
leaving ; 1, Thomas William John Gouldsbro', 
Professor of Anatomy at Charing Cross Medical 
College, and dead, leaving a widow and a son ; 
2, Frederick Henry Gouldsbro' ; 3, Charles Field 
Gouldsbro', Auckland Hospital, New Zealand; 
4, Margaretta Ja.ne Gouldsbro'; 5, Mary Anne 
Gouldsbro' ; and 6, Eliza Sarah Gouldsbro'. 

ix. Mary, wife of Edward Lloyd, by whom she had 
issue 1, Edward Lloyd; 2, William Lloyd; 3, 
Margaret Lloyd, wife of W m. Day. 

IT. THOMAS EVANS, "filius Thomse Evans, de Tyry- 
mynech, baptizatus fuit vicesimo quarto die Februarii 
1721." In 1759 he obtained a lease from Henry 
Arthur, Earl of Powis, of a messuage, etc., late in the 
occupation of Thomas Evans, situate in Tirymynech, for 
ninety-nine years, determinable on the termination of 
the lives of the lessee and his wife, Rachael, and his 
brother John. He was twice married : his first mar- 
riage, with Rachael Joyce, took place on the same day 
as that whereon his second wife's parents were married. 
They had no issue. On the 25th April 1760 he married 
his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Jones of 
Trewern, to whom (tradition says) he was godfather. 
He had dangled her on his knee when she was an 
infant, and called her his little wife. She was his 
administratrix, and remarried, prior to 1772, to William 
Lloyd of Crowthers Hall, by whom she had a large 



168 WELSH POOL. 

family, and died 22nd October 1824, aged 83, and was 
buried at Guilsfield. The lease of Dyer's farm expired 
in 1817, and had been occupied by Evanses from 1634. 
By the marriage settlement, dated 21st April 1760, the 
property of Upper Mill Pool was strictly entailed by 
Thomas Evans on himself and his issue male in tail. 
He had a race-horse called the " Dusty Miller", which 
ran at Chester Races on the 6th May 1761 (see Adam's 
Weekly Courant, now called The Chester Courant, No. 
1282, published on May 22, 1761, where there is an 
account of the race). He had expressed great anxiety 
that he should be buried in a place where his bones 
should not be disturbed, and directed his widow to ask 
the then Earl of Powis to permit his remains to be 
interred under the Powis family seat in Welshpool 
Church. The request was made, and granted in con- 
sequence of the long tenure of the deceased's family as 
lessees of the Earls. A brass plate 1 (the oldest but one 
now remaining in the church), near the site of the pew, 
still perpetuates his memory; but at the restoration of 
the church in 1874 the pew was removed, and who can 
say that his bones were not then disturbed ? He died 
23rd January 1766, leaving by his second marriage one 
son only 

in. THOMAS EVANS, born in 1762, and baptised at 
Welshpool Church. He was one of three persons who 
were founders of Congregationalism in Welshpool, and 
was a man of exemplary piety. He married twice first, 
Grace Sugden, daughter of John Sugden of Greystones, 
near Halifax, who died 17th February 1796; and 
secondly, Martha Cook, by whom he had no issue. He 
died on 21st February 1829, M. L, Welshpool church- 
yard (Mont. Coll., xv, p. 303), having had by his first 
marriage seven children, viz. 

1. Thomas Evans, born 2nd, baptised 7th March 1786, 
married Hannah Bickerton of Oswestry, and died, 
leaving issue 

1 See inscription, Mont. Coll., vol. xv, p. 297. 



WELSH POOL. 169 

i. Martha; ii, Hannah, wife of ... Hastings, went 
to America ; iii, Eliza ; iv, Mary ; v, Sarah, 
dead. 

2. JOHN EVANS, of whom presently (iv). 

3. EDWARD EVANS of Worcester, Mayor of that city 
1841-2 ; J.P.; born at Welshpool 10th July 1789. 
He married, 4th Sept. 1811, Catherine, daughter 
of Thomas Bickerton of Woodcott (by his. wife, 
Mary Hilditch), and sister of Hannah Bickerton, 
who married her husband's brother John. He 
died 3rd March 1871. His will was proved 
shortly afterwards, and the effects sworn under 
120,000. She died on 21st February 1877, hav- 
ing had issue 

i. Edward Bickerton Evans of Whitbourne Hall, 
co. Hereford, J.P. and D.L. co. Hereford, J.P. 
co. Worcester, High Sheriff co. Hereford, 1878, 
High Sheriff co. Worcester 1879, born 17th Oct. 
1819, married, 21st April 1846, Margaret, 
daughter and eventual co-heiress of Peter 
Fleming of Wallace Grove, Glasgow, and has 
issue 

1. Edward Wallace Evans of Alfrick Court, co. 
Worcester, born 22nd May 1847, married, 
13th November 1872, Frances flhoda, eldest 
daughter of Arthur Herbert Cocks, C.B., of 
Whitbourne Court, and great-granddaughter 
of Sir Charles Somers, Bart., first Lord 
Somers, Baron of Evesham, of the creation 
of 1784 (to which Barony and Baronetcy 
her eldest surviving brother, Herbert Hal- 
dane Somers-Cocks, Lieutenant Coldstream 
Guards retired, is heir-presumptive), and has 
issue 
i. Edward Francis Herbert Evans, born 12th 

September 1873. 

ii. Gwendoline Mary Evans, died 16th Decem- 
ber 1877. 
iii. Margery Evans, died 26th November 1879. 

VOL. XIX. N 



170 WELSH POOL. 

2. Patrick Fleming Evans of 54, Longridge Road, 
Earlscourt, London, and 27, King's Bench Walk, 
Temple, born 18th December 1851, Trinity 
Coll., Cambridge, LL.B. (Third Class Law and 
History Tripos, 1873) ; called to the Bar 17th 
November 1 8 75 ; of Inner Temple and Oxford 
Circuit ; married Alice, daughter of William 
Rutherford Ancrum, M.D., of St. Leonard's 
Court, co. Gloucester, J.P., and has issue 
i. Cuthbert Patrick Evans, born 25th June 

1880. 

ii. Margaret Alice Evans. 
iii. Ruth Evangeline Evans. 
ii. Catharine Bickerton Evans, died 10th June 

1855, unmarried. 

iii. Mary Hilditch Evans, married Thomas Rowley 
Hill', M.P. for the city of Worcester from 1874 
to 1885, J.P. and D.L. co. Worcester, J.P. co. 
Hereford, High Sheriff for co. Worcester, 1870, 
Alderman of the city of Worcester, and some 
time Mayor of that city, and has had issue 

1. Thomas William Hill of Froxmer Court, co. 
Worcester, born 23rd June 1843, married 
Bertha, daughter of James Smith of Doe 
Bank House. 

2. Alfred Edward Hill, died 26th August 1847. 

3. Edward Henry Hill of Broadwas Court, co. 
Worcester, born 10th February 1849, and 
married Agnes, daughter of William Bailey 
of Southampton. 

4. Mary Evans Hill, married Rev. Richard Nath- 
aniel Kane, M.A., Rector of Suckley, and 
second son of Capt. Kane, and has had issue i, 
Kathleen; ii, Mabel ; iii, John; iv, Richard ; v, 
Sarah Joyce ; vi, Margaret ; vii, Ellen Cathe- 
rine (dead). 

5. Catherine Eliza Hill, married Jlev. Joseph 
Bowstead Wilson, M.A., Rector .of Knight- 
wick, co. Worcester, and has issue i, Thomas 



WELSH POOL. 171 

Bowstead Wilson ; ii, Humphrey Bowstead 
Wilson ; iii, Mary Valence Wilson, 
iv. Eliza Bickerton Evans, living 1886. 
v. Hannah Myra Evans, died March 14th, 1821, 

an infant. 

vi. Sarah Sugden Evans, married David Everett of 
Worcester, surgeon (who died 21st August 1884), 
and has had issue 

1. Isaac Edward Everett of Abbey lands, co. 
Stafford, born 13th April 1844, admitted a 
solicitor, Easter Term, 1866; married, 2nd 
December 1869, Henrietta Dorothy, daugh- 
ter of John Huskisson, Lieut. -Col. in Royal 
Marines, and has issue i, Isaac Arthur 
Everett, born 7th May 1872; ii, Beatrix 
Elizabeth Olive Everett ; iii, Gladys Katha- 
rine Everett. 

2. Arthur Woollaston Everett, died 1850, an 
infant. 

3. Arthur Woollaston Everett, died 20th March 
1871, unmarried. 

4. Sarah Catherine Everett, married John James 
Evans, eldest son of Edward Evans (see infra, 
p. 176), and has issue. 

5. Marian Everett, married Aston Webb of 
London, architect, son of Edward Webb 
and Anna his wife (see infra, p. 175), and has 
issue. 

vii. Hannah Myra Evans, married, September 1856, 
Pearce Baldwin of Stourport (who died April 
1861), and died 2nd October 1882, without issue. 

4. Elizabeth Evans, born 9th January 1785, married, 
in 1806, Morris Jones of Welshpool, afterwards of 
Gungrog (who died 10th December 1843); she died 
llth March 1868, leaving an only son 

i. Morris Charles Jones, and other issue (see JONES 
of Gungrog pedigree, infra, p. 179). 

5. Mary Evans, born 9th July 1791, married Richard 
Powell of Oswestry (who died 5th May 1869). 

N 2 



172 WELSH POOL. 

She died 26th May 1866, leaving an only surviving 

daughter 

Eliza Sugden Powell of Castle Cottage, OS- 
TV es try. 

6. Sarah Evans, born llth February 1794, married 
Thomas Pryce of Oswestry (who died July 1875). 
She died 12th September 1883, without issue. 

7. Another child, born in 1796, and died an in- 
fant. 

iv. JOHN EVANS, born at Welshpool, 20th October, 
and baptised 1st December 1787, formerly of London, 
afterwards of Leamington ; married thrice first, 29th 
June 1809, Hannah, daughter of Thomas Bickerton of 
Woodchurch (by his wife, Mary Hilditch); she died 9th 
March 1818 ; secondly, llth May 1819, Anna, fourth 
child of Thomas Hawley of Shrewsbury (by Mary 
Maddock, his wife) ; she died at Liverpool, 16th May 
1841 ; thirdly, 19th October 1842, Anne, widow of 
Charles Lillie of Zion College, London, solicitor, and 
fourth child of Jesse Gouldsmith (by his wife, Mary 
James) ; she is living, 1886. By his first marriage 
with Hannah Bickerton John Evans had five child- 
ren 

1. Thomas Bickerton Evans of Greenside House, 
Wavertree, Liverpool, born at Worcester, 29th 
May 1810, married, 25th April 1843, Agnes, eldest 
daughter and eventual co-heiress of Peter Fleming 
of Wallace Grove, Glasgow. She died 9th October 
1863. He died in May 1866, and had issue 
i. Thomas Wallace Evans of Greenside House, 
Liverpool, born 4th March 1844, and died 25th 
April 1870, unmarried. 

ii. John Eeginald Evans of Liverpool, born 21st 
May 1850, and died 9th January 1880, 'unmar- 
ried, 
iii. Robert Fleming Evans, born 1st February 1852, 

and died 3rd July following. 
iv. Janette Hannah Evans, living 1886. 



WELSH POOL. 173 

v. Agnes Fleming Evans, married, 28th September 
1882, William Rae McKaig of Valetta, Sefton 
Park, Liverpool, and has issue i, John Bicker- 
ton McKaig, born 28th July 1883 ; ii, Wallace 
Rae McKaig, born 5th November 1884. 
vi. Maiy Jane Evans, living 1886. 
vii. Margaret Evans, married, 29th March 1880, 
Edgar Besant, in the Civil Service, Malta, and 
has issue i, D... Margaret Besant ; ii, Reginald 
Edgar Besant, born 3rd May 1882 ; iii, Thomas 
Fleming Besant, born 22nd December 1883. 

2. John Hilditch Evans of London, afterwards of 
Brynissa, Pershore, born 1st November 1814, J.P. 
co. Worcester; married, 21st June 1842, Elizabeth 
Harriette Gertrude, second daughter of Thomas 
Walter Perry of Islington (by Sarah Stamp, his 
wife). He died 5th September 1884, leaving no 
issue. His widow resides at Brynissa. 

3. EDWARD EVANS, of whom hereafter (v). 

4. Mary Hannah Evans, died 1823, an infant. 

5. Eliza Sugden Evans, now of Southport, married, 
26th December 1836, George James Grant of 
London, eldest son of George Grant of Stanley, 
Herts, by Mary Freeth, his wife (sister of General 
Freeth). He died 12th November 1859. They 
have had issue 

i. George Evans Grant of London, born 4th Aug. 
1839, married, llth November 1865, Eliza, 
daughter of Richard A. Bays, and has issue, 
ii. Edward Henry Grant, born 16th March 1841, 

and now of New Zealand, 
iii. John James Grant, born 12th May 1842, and 

died 17th March 1866. 
iv. Thomas Worthington Grant, born 1 7th July 

1843, now in New Zealand. 

v. Rev. Frederick Bickerton Grant, in Holy Orders, 
born 29th August 1846; St. Bees, 1870; Univer- 
sity College, Durham, 1879; Deacon, 1872; 
Priest, 1875, of Bodenham, Hereford; married, 



174 WELSH POOL. 

on 27th December 1883, Cecilia, eldest daughter 
of the late Rev. Henry East Havergal, M.A., 
Vicar of Cople, Beds. 

vi. Anna Maria Grant, married, 27th January 1861, 

John Henry Ralfe of Oxford, Christchurch, 

New Zealand (who died July 1873), and has 

issue. 

vii. Eliza Catherine Grant, married, 14th January 

1886, Thomas Gruridy Wood of Manchester. 
By his second wife, Anna Hawley, John Evans had 
issue, viz. 

1. Richard Hawley Evans, born 28th February 1820, 
married, September 1842, Janet, eldest daughter 
of Alexander Burn of Hermitage, Leith ; died in 
Australia, 7th February 1882, leaving issue i, 
John Hawley Evans, born in 1847; ii, Henry 
Worthington Evans, born in 1856, and died in 
1860 ; iii, Mary Anna Burn Evans ; iv, Elizabeth 
Gertrude Evans ; v, another child, since dead. 

2. Henry Maddock Evans, died 21st September 1823, 
an infant. 

3. Worthington Evans of London, born 28th August 
1827; admitted a solicitor, Michaelmas Term, 1848; 
married twice first, 15th May 1851, Susannah, 
second daughter of Richard Powell ; she died 28th 
November 1861. They had issue i, Arthur Worth- 
ington Evans, born 24th March 1859, and died 25th 
December 1859 ; ii, Susannah Hawley Evans, died 
23rd February 1872, unmarried; iii, Marian Evans, 
married, 26th April 1884, Percy Holmes of London, 
solicitor, and has one daughter ; iv, a girl, died an 
infant. Worthington Evans married, secondly, 
28th March 1865, Susannah Jane, third surviving 
daughter of James Laming of Birchington Hall, 
Isle of Thanet, and widow of Alexander Stewart 
Smith, and they have had issue i, Mabel Laming; 
ii, Worthington Evans, born 23rd August 1868; iii, 
Evan Laming Evans, born 3rd September 1871. 

4. Henry Sugden Evans, born 19th May 1830, mar- 



WELSH POOL. 175 

ried, 12th July 1854, Kate Morse, only daughter 
of Charles Moss of Grays Thurrock, Essex. He 
was resident at Ottawa, Canada, F.C.S., Chief 
Analyst to the Dominion of Canada. He died 
suddenly at New York on 22nd February 1886, 
having had issue 

i. Charles Harold Evans, born at Liverpool 30th 

January 1859, and died 17th September 1859. 

ii. Kate Morse Moss Evans, married to Wallace 

Trotter, and has issue. 
iii. Mary Beatrice Evans. 

iv. Anna Theresa Evans, died 8th April 1864. 
v. Susannah Maud Evans, married James Alma 

Wilson. 

vi. Ida Frances Hawley Evans. 
vii. Henry Basil Hawley Evans, born 12th February 

1866, and died 18th June 1866. 
viii. Milicent. ix. Hilda, x and xi, (twin sons), one 

dead, and Harry Sugden. 

5. Anna Evans, married, 27th November 1844, 

Edward Webb, fourth son of Charles Webb of 

Piccadilly, by his wife, Ann Aston, and died at 

Versailles, 1st November 1850, leaving issue 

i. Aston Webb, born at Clapham, 22nd May 1849, 

an architect, of 19, Queen's Gate, Westminster; 

married, 12th September 1876, Marian, daughter 

of David Everett of Worcester, and Sarah his 

wife (see supra p. 171), and has had issue 

i, Wilfred Aston ; ii, Henry Aston, both died 

infants ; iii, Maurice Everett, born 28th April 

1880 ; iv, Marian Dorothy. 

ii. Edward Alfred Webb of Cookham Dene, Chisle- 
hurst, born at Versailles, 17th October 1850, 
married, 2nd September 1875, Emily Fuller, 
daughter of George Fuller Howes, and has had 
issue i, Harold Edward, born 29th July 1878; 
ii, Geoffrey Fuller, born 5th August 1879 ; iii, 
Christoper Rahire, born 5th February 1886 ; iv, 
Marjorie Mary; v, Helen Laming. 



176 WELSH POOL. 

iii. Mary Webb, now residing at St. Leonard's. 

By his third wife, Anne Lillie (nee Gouldsmith), John 
Evans had issue 

1. Anna Lillie, married Frederick Thorne of Leam- 
ington, surgeon, and died 3rd March 1885, leaving 
two sons i, Vernon Thorne, born 8th February 
1871 ; ii, James Paget Thorne, born 10th April 18 72. 

v. EDWARD EVANS, formerly of Liverpool, but now 
of Bronwylfa, co. Denbigh, born at Worcester, 15th 
June 1816, married, 2nd August 1841, Margaret, 
second surviving daughter of Hobert Paterson of Nun- 
field, Dumfriesshire, J. P. for that county. He is J.P. co. 
Denbigh. They have had issue 

1. JOHN JAMES EVANS, now of Bracken wood, Che- 
shire, born 15th May 1842, married, 30th May 
1866, Sarah Catherine, eldest daughter of David 
Everett of Worcester, by Sarah his wife (see supra, 
p. 171), and has had issue 

i. Bickerton Edward Everett Evans, born 10th 
February 1869 ; ii, John Cecil Everett Evans, 
born 4th July 1874, arid died 16th July 1875 ; 
iii, James Herbert Everett Evans, born 8th 
August 1877; iv, Kenneth Wollaston Everett 
Evans, born 9th November 1880; v, Ethel 
Catherine Everett Evans ; vi, Isabell Margaret 
Everett Evans; vii, Marian Gwendoline Everett 
Evans. 

2. Robert Paterson Evans, born at Liverpool 26th 
January 1844, and died 8th March following. 

3. Edward Evans of Mount Allars, Cheshire, born 
26th June 1846, married, 20th May 1869, Martha, 
second daughter of William Nevett of Marton, and 
has issue 

i. Edward Nevett Evans, born 19th August 1875; 
ii, John Nevett Evans, born 18th December 
1877; iii, Gertrude Mary Nevett Evans; iv, 
Margaret Nevett Evans; v, Rose Noeline Nevett 
Evans, 



WELSH POOL. 177 

4. William Paterson Evans of Brooklyn, Alexander 
Road, Claughton, born 19th March 1858, married, 
9th May 1883, Anne Jane, daughter 9f Henry 
Sandford of Levenshulme, Manchester, and has 
issue i, Muriel Sandford Evans. 

5. Alfred Bickerton Evans of Liverpool, born 9th 
May 1864. 

6. Arthur Ernest Evans of Bronwylfa,born 26th April 
1866. 

7. A girl, died in 1845, an infant. 

8. Margaret Rimmer Evans, married, 4th October 
1876, Joseph Llewelyn Williams, M.B., of Wrex- 
ham, surgeon, and died llth March 1881, leaving 
two children i, Rose Eveline Williams ; ii, Charles 
Reginald Williams. 

9. Hannah Rose Evans, married twice first, Samuel 
Richardson Bishop, of St. Helen's, and of Llan- 
erchrugog Hall, co. Denbigh. He died 19th June 
1881, having had one son, Charles Evans Bishop, 
born 13th August 18 74, and died 27th May 1876. 
She married, secondly, 19th November 1885, 
Rev. Richard Evan Jones, M.A., St. Alban's Coll., 
Oxford; Deacon, 1873; Priest, 1874; Vicar ol 
Llanllwchaiarn, Montgomeryshire. 

10. Florence May Evans, died an infant, in 1858. 

11. Edith Mary Evans, living, 1886. 

12. Constance Elizabeth Evans, married, 17th July 
1883, Septimus Castle of Liverpool, solicitor, ad- 
mitted February 1878, and has issue i, Edith 
Margaret Castle. 



NOTE AS TO FIELD FAMILY. 
(See supra, p. 164.) 

The family of FIELD was of long standing in Tirymynecb, and were 
Roman Catholics. Among the recusants presented " by John, Bishop 
of St. Asaph, before the Justices of Assize at Pool, 14th May 1625", 
were John Field and Catherine his wife (" Misc. Hist.", Mont. Coll., 
vol. vi, p. 282). Again, in 8 Charles I, 1632, the grand jury pre- 



178 



WELSH POOL. 



sented them and " Clement Field", and " Christian, mother of John 
Field", as recusants (ibid., p. 293). Again, on llth April 1650, 
Edward Vaughan, the High Constable of Pool, presented " Clement 
Field and Prudence his wife, and three other persons resident in 
Tirymyuech", for being Papists. 

In 1694 there was Thomas Field, senior, of Tirymynech, who had 
one son, Thomas Field, and three daughters, Elizabeth, Prudence, 

and .. , who married Corwearn. Thomas Field, the son, in. 

1694, married Elizabeth, the daughter of Thomas Price, and on that 
occasion his father, Thomas Field, senior, made a settlement upon him 
and his issue, with ultimate remainder to the settlor, of land at 
Rheteskin, and the Plough and Harrow Inn in Trewern, all in Mont- 
gomeryshire. Thomas Field, the son, died in 1757, without issue. 

Prudence Field was the surviving executrix of her mother's (Mary 
Field) will, dated 14th May 1735, and died without issue ; Elizabeth 

Field married Thomas Evans, as above mentioned ; and Field, 

the third daughter, married Corwearn, and had one son, Thomas 

Corwearn, who married Elizabeth Kirkham, and had nine children. 
Upon the death of Thomas Field, the son, in 1757, childless, the 
settled property descended in moieties to the descendants of his 
sisters, Elizabeth Evans and Mrs. Corwearn, and were enjoyed by 
them for nearly a century, and until they joined in selling it to 
Francis Allen, Esq., of Maesfron. 



WELSH POOL. 179 



JONES OF GUNGROG. 

I. MORRIS JoNES 1 of Welshpool, afterwards of Ruyton, 
Salop, an hereditary burgess of Welshpool, sworn in 
1700. His wife's name was Hester; he died prior to 
1716, and they had issue 

1. 1703, "Rachael, y e dau r of Maurice Jones, was 
baptised the last of August" (Extract from Regis- 
ter of Ruyton- of- the-Eleven-Towns, duplicate kept 
at Lichfield, the original register prior to 1719 
being lost). 

2. " 1704 (new style), Joseph, y e son of Morris Jones, 
was baptised January y e 25 th ." " Joseph, y e son 
of Morris Jones, was buried March y e 24 th " (ibid.). 

3. " 1708, DAVID, y e sonne of Morrice Jones, was bap- 
tised March y e 18 th " (ibid.), of whom presently (n). 

4. " 1711, Mary, y e dau r of Morrice Jones and 
Hester his wife, was baptised upon y e 15 th May" 
(ibid.). 

5. " 1716, Sarah, daughter of Hester Jones, [buried] 
16 October" (ibid.). 

ii. DAVID JONES of Ruyton, born March 1708, mar- 
ried, at Ruyton, Elizabeth Williams ; she was buried 
at Ruyton, as " Elizabeth Jones of Eardiston", 2nd 
March 1765, prior to which date he must have died. 
He left four children 

1. MORRIS JONES, of whom presently (in). 

2. David Jones, baptised at Ruyton, 23rd March 
1745. 

3. John Jones, baptised at Ruyton, llth July 1748. 

4. Sarah Jones, baptised at Ruyton, 31st March 
1750. 

in. MORRIS JONES of Eardiston, baptised at Ruyton, 
2nd November 1742, married there, 7th August 1775, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Fardo of Edgerley (she 

1 See note appended to pedigree, p. 183. 



180 WELSH POOL. 

was baptised at Kinnerley, 30th May 1757, and buried 
at Ruy ton, 23rd January 181 3), and left three children 

1. MORRIS JONES, of whom presently (iv). 

2. Mary Jones, baptised at Ruyton, July 1782, died 
unmarried. 

3. John Jones, baptised at Ruyton, December 1798, 
died unmarried. 

iv. MORRIS JONES of Eardiston, afterwards of Welsh- 
pool and Gungrog, baptised at Ruyton, 27th March 
1776 ; married at Welshpool, 30th April 1806, Eliza- 
beth, eldest daughter of Thomas Evans of Welshpool 
(see Evans pedigree, supra, p. 171). She was born at 
Welshpool, 9th January 1785 ; died at Liverpool, llth 
March, and buried at Welshpool, 17th March 1868. 
Elected Mayor of Welshpool, 9th November 1843, and 
died at Gungrog on the 10th December following, 
during his year of office, leaving four children, viz. 

1. MORRIS CHARLES JONES, of whom presently (v). 

2. Eliza Mary Jones, married at Guilsfield, 13th 
November 1839, John Reynolds Ogle (eldest son 
of John Ogle of Meeson Hall, Salop), who died 
5th November 1856, at Harlescott, Salop. She 
died 4th December 1848, leaving issue 

i. Herbert Moss Ogle, born at Harlescott, 12th 
September 1840, baptised at Battlefield Church; 
admitted a solicitor ] 864, and on his nomina- 
tion he was reported to be entitled to " honorary 
distinction" ; died at Newport, 21st October 
1870, unmarried. 

ii. Alice Rose Ogle,diedat Gungrog, 3rd May 1863, 
unmarried ; buried at Welshpool. 

3. Harriet Anne Jones, married at Marton Chapel, 
Salop, 20th March 1846, Rev. Cyrus Hudson, M.A., 
Glasgow University, Congregational Minister (son 
of Rev. John Hudson of West Bromwich) ; he 
died 24th March 1871. She died in London 10th 
October 1871, leaving issue 

i. John Hudson, born at Lowestoft, Suffolk, 14th 



WELSH POOL. 181 

April 1847, and died in London, 12th February 
1873, unmarried. 

ii. Morris Jones Hudson, born at Lowestoft, 14th 
November 1848. married at Walthamstow, 
August 1872, his first-cousin, Jane, daughter of 
George Borwick of The Elms, Walthamstow, 
and is a member of the London Stock Exchange. 

iii. Twin son, still-born. 

iv. Cyrus Spear Hudson, born at Westbury-on- 
Severn, 26th August 1850, living in Valparaiso, 
1886. 

v. Alfred Howard Hudson, born at Westbury-on- 
Severn, 3rd September 1853, living at Port 
Natal, South Africa, 1886. 
4. Sophia Caroline Jones, married, 17th March 1847, 

at the Congregational Chapel, Welshpool, Rev. 

Henry Kerrison, Congregational Minister, and now 

of Moreton-on-Marsh, and has had issue 
i. Henry William Raffles Kerrison, born at Welsh- 
pool, 14th March 1848, died at Liverpool, 10th 
January 1850, and buried at the Necropolis. 

ii. Edith Sophia Kerrison, Nurse at the Dread- 
nought Hospital, Greenwich, 1886. 

iii. Florence Mary Kerrison, born at Gungrog, 2nd 
July 1856, died there 20th October 1856. 

iv. Caroline Wynn Kerrison, living at Moreton-on- 
Marsh, 1886. 

v. Twin, died young. 

v. MORRIS CHARLES JONES of Gungrog, born at 
Welshpool, 9th May, 1819, baptised at Congrega- 
tional Chapel, Welshpool, married at Nunfield, Dum- 
friesshire, 3rd June 1844, Elizabeth, eldest surviving 
daughter of Robert Paterson of Nunfield, Dumfries- 
shire, J.P. for that county ; educated at Bruce Castle 
School, Tottenham, under Messrs. Arthur and Rowland 
Hill (afterwards Sir Rowland Hill) ; admitted a solicitor 
in 1841, practised in Liverpool until 1880, when he 
retired from the profession and had his name removed 



182 WELSH POOL. 

from Roll of Solicitors ; J.P. for County of Montgomery; 
elected F.S.A. Scot, 1864, F.S.A. Lond., 1870 ; one of 
the founders of the Powys-land Club in 1867, Museum 
and Library, 1874, School and Gallery of Art, 1883, 
and Editor of the Montgomeryshire Collections since 
1867 ; one of the Governors of the University College 
of North Wales, Bangor, nominated by the President 
in 1884. In October 1876 he was presented, "in 
recognition of his services", with a public testimonial, 
consisting of " a bronze group illustrative of Welsh 
history", which was placed, by his desire, in the Powys- 
land Museum, and also a copy of the Milton Shield (see 
Mont. Coll., vol. ix, p. xxvii). He has had issue 

1. MORRIS PATERSON JONES (vi) of No. 20,Abercromby 
Square, Liverpool, born 28th November 1847, 
baptised at St. Silas Church, married, 4th March 
1874, Clara, eldest daughter of John Vernon of 
Tushingham house, Cheshire (who died 16th Sep- 
tember 1884). Admitted a solicitor, Easter Term, 
1869. On his examination he was reported to 
be entitled to "honorary distinction", and was 
awarded the "Timpron Martin" Gold Medal for 
Liverpool students, and the Atkinson Gold 
Medal, " the Conveyancing prize for Liverpool 
and Preston students". He has issue 

i. Mabel Vernon Jones, 
ii. Gladys Jones. 
iii. Irene Meta Jones. 

iv. MORRIS VERNON JONES, born at Liverpool, 
16th September 1884. 

2. Robert James Jones of Pieter Maritzburg, Port 
Natal, South Africa, born at Liverpool, 15th 
October 1849, baptised at St. Silas Church, 
married at St. John's Church, Wiston, Mooi 
River Drift, by the Rev. George Smith of Natal, 
27th January 1876, Mary, eldest daughter of 
John Gibson of Glen Lyndon, since of Pieter 
Maritzburg; and died 20th February 1884, 
having had four children 



WELSH POOL. 183 

i. John Herbert Jones, born 3rd November 1876, 

died 8th March 1878. 

ii. Robert Paterson Jones, born 15th June 1878. 
iii. John Morris James Jones, born 28th July 

1880. 
iv. Amy Jones. 

3. Thomas Simpson Jones of 6, Stone Buildings, 
Lincoln's Inn, and Gungrog, born at Liverpool, 
30th June 1853 ; M.A. Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge. Called to the Bar, Hilary Term, 1880. 
Practices at Chancery Bar. 

4. Charles William Jones of Liverpool, architect, 
born at Liverpool, 26th February 1875. 

5. Elizabeth Grace Harriet Jones. 

6. Margaret (Meta) Bimmer Jones, married 25th 
March 1874, at St. Saviour's Church, Liverpool, 
Adam William Black of Edinburgh. He is the 
youngest son of Adam Black, M.P. for that city 
from 1856 to 1865, and he himself unsuccess- 
fully contested the Central Division of Edinburgh 
in the parliamentary election of 1885. They 
have three children 

i. Maurice Adam Black, born at Edinburgh, 19th 

August 1876. 
ii. Reginald Adam Black, born there 1 7th August 

1878. 
iii. Adelaide Black. 

7. Clara Sophia Jones. 

8. Amy Gertrude Jones. 



NOTE. 

In the absence of the " Old Eyle", which is unfortunately lost, it is 
difficult to trace the descent of the hereditary burgesses of the borough 
of Pool. In this case, consequently, it cannot with certainty be 
stated from whom Morris Jones, the hereditary burgess sworn in 
1700, was descended. 

It has been suggested as probable, however, that he was the younger 
son of John Jones, alderman, living 8th August 1700, who was son of 



184 WELSH POOL. 

Humphrey Jones, Bailiff of Welshpool in 1661, 1662, and 1678, and 
on the list of Aldermen of Pool in 1680, who was son of Humphrey 
Jones 1 of Welshpool, " ap John ap Llewelyn ap John ap Gytyn ap 
Jenkyn ap Evan ap Madoc ap Howell ap Dewid ap Griffith ap Tra- 
haiarn ap Pasgeu, descended from Brochwel Ysgythrog" (Lewys 
Dwnn's Visitations of Wales, vol. i, p. 330). 

1 He was probably the " Humphrey Jones de Cootne Hun. de Pola 
gen." who occurs in county grand juries from 2 Charles I (1626), 
10 Charles I, 2 Charles II, and as Bailiff of Pool in 1626 and 1633 
(see Mont. Coll., vol. xii, p. 316). 



WELSH POOL. 185 



BOWEN OF WELSHPOOL AND TYDDYN (LLANIDLOES). 

I. EVAN BowEN 1 of Pen-y-castell purchased the pro- 
perty of Tyddyn, in the parish of Llatridloes, in or 
about the year 1691, which he settled upon his marriage. 
He died, and was buried 1st June 1734 at Llanidloes, 
and had two sons. His wife survived him. 

1. THOMAS BOWEN, of whom presently (n). 

2. Eichard Bowen of Kerry, died in 1722, and was buried at 
Llandinam. 

ii. THOMAS BOWEN of Tyddyn, married 2 Ann (Swan- 
cott ?), and died, leaving his wife him surviving. She 
subsequently lived at Bala with her daughter, Sarah 
Lloyd, after her son's marriage. They had six chil- 
dren 

1. Elizabeth Bowen, born 1721. 

2. Evan Bowen, born 1723, and died same year. 

3. THOMAS BOWEN, of whom presently (in). 

4. Anna, or Ann Bowen, born 1725, married Richard Woos- 
nam of Tymawr Trefeglwys, and died and was buried at 
Llanidloes in 1809, and had four sons, viz. 

i. Evan Woosnam of Badaioch, died, leaving two children 
Evan, who died unmarried, and Mary Anne, who mar- 
ried Edward Savage. 

ii. Richard Woosnam of United States of America. 

iii. Thomas Woosnam of Builth. 

iv. Bowen Woosnam of Glandwr, near Llanidloes, solicitor ; 
married Elizabeth, the daughter of Charles Cole, and 
died 3rd September 1841, aged 70 years, leaving four 
children (see Mont. Coll., vol. viii, p. 219). 

1. Charles Thomas Woosnam of Crescent House, New- 
town, solicitor, born 1804, married Harriet, daughter 
of Joshua Peele of Shrewsbury, and died 28th January 
1869, without issue. 

2. James Bowen Woosnara, born 28th January 1812, 
Inspector-General of Ordnance, with rank of Major- 
General in Royal (late Bombay) Artillery. Served 



1 See Note A at foot of pedigree, infra, p. 191. 

2 See Note B at foot of pedigree, infra, p. 192. 
VOL. XIX. O 



186 WELSH POOL. 

in the expedition to Afghanistan in 1839, under Sir 
John Keane, and was present at the captures of 
Ghuznee and Khelat, for both of which he received 
medals. Married Agnes, fifth daughter of William 
Bell of Bellview, in Queen's County, and has eight 
children 

i. James Bowen Woosnam, born December 1853, 
B.A., St. John's College, Cambridge ; Civil Engi- 
neer at Borjan, Golaghat, Assam. 
ii. Charles Maxwell Woosnam, born August 1856, 
M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge; Deacon, 1879; 
Priest, 1880; presented to the Vicarage of St. 
Peter's, Tynemouth, by the Duke of Northumber- 
land in 1882. 
iii. Elizabeth. 

iv. Esther, married, in 1882, John R. Theobalds, Sur- 
geon-General in Retired Madras Medical Staff, and 
died without issue. 

v. Ellen, who married, in 1 877, Rev. James Lunt, M. A., 
Leyton Vicarage, Essex, and has three children i, 
Theodore Robert Woosnam Lunt, born 9th Novem- 
ber 1878 ; ii, Geoffrey Charles Lester Lunt, born 
9th December 1885 ; iii, Mary Baskerville Lunt. 
vi. Kate. 

vii. Amy, who married, in 1875, the Rev. David Ardill 
Maxwell, M.A., Thorpe Rectory, Tamworth, son of 
George Maxwell of Broomholm, Langholm, Scot- 
land, and has five children i, Eustace George 
David Maxwell, born 17th February 1876; ii, 
Herbert Bowen Maxwell, born 2nd August 1877 ; 
iii, Winifred Agnes Maxwell ; iv, Muriel Ardill 
Maxwell ; v, Gwendoline Esther Maxwell. 
viii. Grace, who married, in 1883, Albert Primrose 
Wells, M.D., Douglas, Isle of Man, and has two 
children i, Joseph Hamilton Primrose Wells, born 
26th January 1844; ii, Helen Phyllis Primrose 
Wells. 

3. Richard Woosnam, born 9th April 1815, M.A., Gon- 
ville and Caius College, Cambridge, M.R.C.E., of 
Glandwr, Llanidloes, and Tyn y Graig, Builth, formerly 
on the Medical Staff of the Bombay Army ; in 1841 
appointed Surgeon to Sir Henry Pottinger, H.M.'s 
Plenipotentiary to China; from 1842 to 1845, Acting 
Secretary, and Assistant Secretary to the Mission, 
and Deputy Colonial Secretary of Hongkong 



WELSH POOL. 187 

received China medal for 1842 ; from 1846 to 1848, 
Secretary to Sir Henry Pottinger as H.M.'s High 
Commissioner to the Cape of Good Hope and Kaffraria, 
which resulted in the capture of the Chief Sandilli ; 
from 1848 to 1854, Private Secretary to Sir Henry 
Pottinger during his government of Madras; J.P. 
cos. Montgomery and Brecknock. He married Mar- 
garet, third daughter of William Bell of Bell view, and 
has six children - 

i. Bowen Pottinger Woosnam of Tyn y Graig, Builth, 
born at Madras, 30th March 1850, of Exeter 
College, Oxford; B.A., 1874; called to the Bar, 
1879, Oxford Circuit; married, 16th August 1876, 
Kate, second daughter of William Evans of New- 
port, Monmouthshire, and has four children i, 
Richard Bowen Woosnam, born 17th November 
1880; ii, Kate Marjorie ; iii, Mary Dorothy; iv, 
Florence Gwendoline. 

ii. Richard Burgass Woosnam, born at Madras, 19th 
September 1851, of Caius and Gonville College, 
Cambridge; B.A., 1872 ; solicitor, Torquay, Devon- 
shire; married Harriette, only daughter of John 
Parkinton Grey of Kilgobbin, co. Dublin, 
iii. Charles William Woosnam, born at Norwich, 12th 
October 1853, of Exeter College, Oxford; B.A., 
1874; solicitor, Vanbrugh Fields, Blackheath, Lon- 
don ; married Minnie Sophia, second daughter of 
William Allen of Eudcliffe, Sheffield, and has one 
daughter, born in 1884. 
iv, Margaret Helena, 
v. Caroline Eliza, 
vi. Mary Alice. 

4. Elizabeth Alicia Woosnam, born 1808, married Rev. 
George Fisher of the Royal Hospital, Greenwich. 
She died at Little Bowden, April 1846, aged 38, and 
left three children 
i. George Fisher, who went to Australia, and died 

unmarried. 

ii. Alice, who was nine years Matron of Adden- 
brook's Hospital, Cambridge, and is now of the 
Hospital, Philadelphia (making up 1,000 beds), 
iii. Elizabeth, married, 23rd June 1864, Rev. Charles 
Darnell of Cargelfield, Edinburgh, son of Rev. D. 
Darnell, Rector of Welton, Northamptonshire, and 
has one son and six daughters. 

o2 



188 WELSH POOL. 

5. Sarah Boweti, born 1727, married, in 1755, Simon Lloyd 
of Plas-yn-dre, Bala. He died in Liverpool, 5th December 
1764 ; she died at Chester, 24th April 1804, having had 
six children 

i. Simon Lloyd. 

ii. Hugh Lloyd. 

iii. Lydia Lloyd, who married Thomas Foulkes of Bala, 
afterwards of Machynlleth ; they had one son, Thomas 
Foulkes of Aberdovey, and Penbryn, Llandinam, whose 
son is Rev. Thomas Brown Foulkes, M.A., Queen's Col- 
lege, Cambridge ; Deacon, 1840 ; Priest, 1843 ; Vicar 
of Llanyblodwell, Oswestry. 

iv. Hannah Lloyd. 

v. Cordelia Lloyd. 

vi. Ann Lloyd. 

6. Hanna Bowen, born 1729. 

ill. THOMAS BOWEN of Tyddyn, bom 8th January 
1 724, married Eliza, daughter of ... Baxter of the Bryn, 
Newtown; died, having had children 

1. Elizabeth Bowen, born May 1755, died in infancy. 

2. Elizabeth Bowen, born March 1757, died in Shrewsbury, 
unmarried. 

3. Thomas Bowen, born 1759, died in infancy. 

4. JAMES BOWEN, born 1760, of whom presently (iv). 

5. Mary Bowen, born 1st October 1767, married, 1790, 
William Teece of the Priory, Shrewsbury (who was born 
5th March 1762). They left four children 

i. Charles Bowen Teece, born 23rd May 1802, solicitor in 
Shrewsbury, married, 1828, Jane, daughter of Richard 
Brown of Wrexham, and Ann his wife, and died, leaving 
issue i, Jane Teece, born 2nd March 1829 ; ii, Hen- 
rietta Teece, born 2nd June 1830, married Mr. Watton 
of Shrewsbury, and died 2nd June 1859; iii, Emma 
Teece, died an infant ; iv, William Brown Teece, born 
7th February, 1837. 
ii. Thomas Teece, born 1 st Dec. 1803, died unmarried. 

iii. Josiah Teece, born 30th May 1805, died unmarried. 

iv. Mary Teece, born 13th May 1792, married, 1812, Robert 
Wilkinson of Shrewsbury, and died 6th January 1837, 
leaving four sons and two daughters 

1. William Wilkinson, born 1814; in Australia. 

2. Joseph Wilkinson, born 1815 ; 

3. Richard Wilkinson, born 1816 ; 

4. Mary Wilkinson, born 30th January 181.7, married, 



WELSH POOL. 189 

7th June 1853, Joseph Henry Ely the of Hendidly, 
Newtown, J.P. co. Montgomery, and has two sons 
and two daughters i, William Henry Blythe, born 
7th February 1855, married Mary Grace Webster, 
Cae Maen, Conway; ii, Joseph Charles Blythe, born 
5th January 1857 ; iii, Henrietta Louisa Blythe ; and 
iv, Mary Emily Blythe. 

5. Robert Josiah Wilkinson, born 16th August 1819, of 
Shrewsbury, married, September 1861, Anne, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Wrigley of Shrewsbury, and has two 
sons and two daughters i, Robert Wrigley, born 
19th January 1867 j ii, Ernest Wightman Wrigley, 
born 26th December 1877 ; iii, Elizabeth Mary Wrig- 
ley ; and iv, Catherine Anne Wrigley. 

6. Catherine Emma Wilkinson, born 19th August 1821, 
married, 5th July 1869, Benjamin Andrew of Tre- 
varrick, Cornwall. 

6. Jane Bowen, born 1769, married, 19th September 1794, 

Thomas Colley of Cefngwifed, Newtown, died May 1840, 

having had issue 

i. Eliza Colley, born 15th July 1795, married, 12th Decem- 
ber 1848, William Field of Ulceby Grange, Lincolnshire, 
and died 12th December 1871, without issue. 

ii. Rev. James Colley, M.A., Vicar of St. Julian's, Shrews- 
bury, born 6th February 1807, married, 1841, Sarah, 
daughter of John Brayne, Tern Hill, Salop, and died 
25th June 1879, leaving issue- 

1. Rhoda Jane Colley, married Rev. F. W. Kittermaster, 
M.A., some time Vicar of All Saints, Coventry, and 
now of Bayston Hill, Salop. She died in 1885, leaving 
four sons and four daughters. 

2. Sarah Elizabeth Colley. 

3. Rev. Alfred Noel Colley, M.A., Christ Church, Oxford, 
Careswell Prizeman, of Ross, Herefordshire, born 25th 
December 1848, married, 16th May 1877, Meliora, 
daughter of Thomas Lee Bellasyse of Cefn y Wern, 
Chirk, and has four children, 

iv. JAMES BOWEN of Tyddyn, born 1760, married 
Anna Maria, daughter of George Matthews of Park, 
Llanwnog, by his wife Mary, daughter and heiress of 
Benjamin Hall of Penyddol Trefeglwys. He died 18th 
April 1833; she died llth March 1850, having had 
two sons and three daughters 



190 WELSH POOL. 

1. THOMAS BOWEN, of whom presently (v). 

2. Elizabeth Bowen, married, June 1833, Charles Edward 
Hughes of Ellesmere ; died 8th February 1866, aged 62, 
without issue. 

3. Mary Bowen, married, 20th March 1830, Thomas White- 
head Haswell of Great Neston, Cheshire, and has had two 
children 

i. Anna Maria, died unmarried, 
ii. Anna, living 1886. 

4. Jane Bowen, died 1876, unmarried. 

5. Anna Maria, born 1841, married, 2nd September 1836, 
Hugh Jones of Chester, whose mother was a Miss Lloyd 
of Bala, one of the three youngest daughters of Simon 
Lloyd, by Sarah Bowen his wife (see &upra, p. 187) ; died, 
leaving two children 

i, Thomas Bowen Jones, 
ii. Hugh Lloyd Jones, 

6. James Matthews Bowen, born 1821, and died 22nd 
December 1823. 

v. THOMAS BOWEN of Tyddyn and Welshpool, born 
llth August 1805; a member of the firm of Beck, 
Downward, Scarth, and Bowen, bankers, Welshpooi and 
Shrewsbury; married, at Leicester, 14th May 1831, 
Mary, eldest daughter of Rev. Richard Da vies, B.D., 
Vicar of St. Nicholas, Leicester, and Llanwnog, Mont- 
gomeryshire ; Mayor of Welshpool twice, 1850 and 
1859 ; J.P. co. Montgomery. His wife died 26th Sep- 
tember 1871 ; he died on the 4th November 1875. In 
1876 a window in the north wall of Welshpool Church, 
filled with stained glass, containing representations 
from the Life of St. Peter, was erected by public 
subscription, and was inscribed, "To the glory of God 
and in memory of Thomas Bowen, Esq., who died 
November 4th, A.D. 1875." In 1877 a stone pulpit 
was presented to Welshpool Church by his children, in 
memory of their parents, and also in Llanidloes Church 
a pulpit was erected to his memory, with a brass plate, 
inscribed, " In memory of Thomas Bowen of Tyddyn 
and Welshpool, who died 4th November 1875." He 
left two children 

1. CHARLES JAMES BOWEN, of whom presently (vi). 



WELSH POOL. 191 

2. Emily Alicia Bowen, married, at West Malvern, 16th 
June 1864, Eev. T. Wolseley Lewis, M.A., Scholar, 
Jesus College, Oxford, Powis Exhibitioner, 1854, only 
son of Rev. Thomas Lewis, M.A., E/ector of Manafon, 
Montgomeryshire, by his wife Mary Anne, daughter of 
Arthur Wolseley of Aberystwith (third son of Sir Eichard 
Wolseley, Bart., of Mount Wolseley, co. Carlow), second 
Master, Cheltenham College, Junior Department. They 
have three sons and two daughters 
i. Arthur Bowen Wolseley Lewis, born 23rd September 

1866, of Trinity College, Oxford. 

ii. Herbert Wolseley Lewis, born 29th November 1868. 
iii. Frank Thomas Wolseley Lewis, born 4th December 

1872. 

iv. Mary Wolseley Lewis, B.A., London (1st class), Mich- 
aelmas 1885. Gilchrist Medallist. 

v. Gertrude Emily Wolseley Lewis, Probationer Nurse in 
Children's Hospital, Liverpool. 

vi. Rev. CHARLES JAMES BOWEN of Tyddyn, born 
13th March 1833, Trinity College, Cambridge, Rector 
of Wroot, Lincolnshire; married, 16th December 1856, ' 
Emma, youngest daughter of John Wienholt, and has 
had issue 

1. Thomas Bowen, born 1857, died 1858. 

2. JOHN GODFREY BOWEN, born 29th May 1859. 

3. Arnold Wienholt Bowen, born 5th July 1861. 

4. Mary Waveney Bowen. 

5. Ellen Abra Bowen. 



NOTE A. 

(Seep. 185.) 

An extended search has been made in the parish registers and 
elsewhere to obtain, if possible, evidence of the parentage of Evan 
Bowen, who is said to have resided at Pen-y-castell, and who in 1691 
purchased Tyddyn (which was part of the original estate of Dollys), 
but without result. Perhaps this is not surprising, considering the 
incomplete state in which some of the parish registers are prior to 
1700. We are therefore obliged to resort to probabilities and tradi- 
tions. 

Dolgwenith, an old property recently acquired by the Bowens of 
Tyddyn, was formerly owned by a family of the name of Lewis. 
Their pedigree, tracing up to Brochwel Ysgithrog, is given in the 



192 WELSH POOL. 

parochial account of Llanidloes (Mont. Coll., vol. vii, p. 48). A 
branch of this family, a pedigree of which, founded on the Wynn- 
stay MSS., is also given there (ibid., pp. 50 and 51), in the reign of 
Charles I assumed the name of Bowen. The representative of that 
family, Richard Bowen of Penyrallt, whose name appears in the 
grand jury lists for the years 1633-4-5, had, by his wife Catherine, 
daughter of Withan Jones of Trewithen, two sons (1) Edward 
Bowen, and (2) Evan Bowen. 

The eldest son, Edward Bowen of Penyrallt, had a son, Richard 
Bowen, whose heiress, Mary or Maria, married Wythen Jones, and 
carried the property into that family, with which it remained until 
1862, when the principal portion of it was sold to Mr. William 
Lefaux, and Dolgwenith to the Bowens of Tyddyn. 

The second son, Evan Bowen, according to the Penyrallt pedigree, 
married Catherine, daughter of William Herbert of (Jefn Peniarth ; 
but the Wynnstay MSS. do not trace the family lower. 

Probabilities in respect to date and locality would strongly point 
to Evan Bowen, the second son of Richard Bowen of Penyrallt, being 
identical with Evan Bowen who in 1691 purchased the Tyddyn estate, 
particularly as there is a tradition in the Bowen of Tyddyn family 
that they were connected with the family of Jones of Trewithen. 



NOTE B. 
(See p. 185.) 

Thomas Bowen and Ann his wife were admirers and adherents of 
Howel Harris and Whitfield, the leaders of the Welsh Calvinistic 
Methodists, and made their house, Tyddyn, a centre from which they 
visited different parts of the Principality (see Mont. Coll., vol. ix, 
p. 268). Their daughter Sarah joined a religious community which 
Howel Harris founded at Bala, and while resident there met Mr. Lloyd. 
It is probable that Mrs. Bo wen's subsequent residence in Bala was 
determined by the desire of being near her favourite minister. In 
1 739, Tyddyn was visited by Howel Harris, when he first preached 
in Llanidloes ; and, according to an old Calvinistic Methodist book, 
meetings were held at Tyddyn in 1743, 1744, and 1745, when 
various members of the Bowen family were present. Amongst the 
manuscripts found at Trevecca there was a letter, dated 1743, from 
Thomas Bowen to Howel Harris, of which the following is a copy : 

"Friday night, March 24th, 1743. 

" MY DEAR BRO'R, I wrote a letter to you while in London, and can 
not tell whether it miss-carry'd or not, in which was a full descrip- 
tion how we acted. What is our best way for the future we are 
ignorant of. I had wrote sooner had I known where to direct. I 
should have been glad (if providence had so ordered it) if I might 
come to the Association ; but Bro. Tibbot is coming, from whom you 



WELSH POOL. 193 

may hear at large the state of all the Societies in this county. As 
for this Society, 'tis very exceeding sweet with some among the men 
and women, and all join to remember our kind and tender love to 
you and d'r B'r Beaumont, -who was sorely abus'd in this county 
last time, and desire to know how it is with him. There is great 
longings to hear you in our county town, even Montgomery, and one 
gentleman is willing to receive you into his house. We heard this 
by a brother. The enemy rages bitterly in Anglesea ; they have lockt 
one Meeting House up, and not only beat the people when they as- 
sociate together, but also lay in ambush, expecting them out of their 
houses. 'Tis no wonder the Devil is up in arms, his kingdom is like 
to fall. 

" Mochdre Society, which being very full before Bro'r Beaumont 
was abus'd, is now much decreased, even to four, which was all that 
was in their Society one night. 

" We do long to see dear Brother Harris once more, if God will. 
Had I time and place, I would be willing to open my whole heart, 
therefore I desire you to remember me in your warm Addresses at 
the throne of grace, who am the proudest, the vainest, and lightest 
of all that follow the Lamb. 

" Ever your own unfruitful B'r, 

" T. BOWEN." 



194 WELSH POOL. 



POWELL OF IVY HOUSE, WELSHPOOL. 

I. THOMAS POWELL of Llivior, in Berriew, co. 
Montgomery, married, in 1706, at Bettws, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Cowdall of Bettws. Marriage 
settlement dated 24th and 25th September 1706, 
whereby "his Capital Messuage" at Llivior was 
settled upon the issue of the marriage. In 1742 he 
and his son, Thomas Powell the younger, of Llivior, 
gent., barred the entail. He made his will, dated 
27th October 1741, wherein he mentions his three 
daughters. He died 27th September 1748, leaving 
four children 

1. THOMAS POWELL, of whom hereafter (n). 

2. Rebecca Powell, married Thomas Jones (mentioned in 
her father's will) . 

3. Mary Powell, the wife of John Robinson of Freeth, Pen- 
wern, Berriew (so described in a Deed of 1763). 

4. Martha Powell (mentioned in her father's will and in the 
Deed of 1763). 

ii. THOMAS POWELL, only son, married Bridget 
Morgan; died previous to 1763, having by his will 
mentioned his wife Bridget and his son Thomas, then 
an infant, and died, leaving three sons 

1. Thomas Powell, in 1763 of London, in 1803 of Welsh- 
pool, married, previous to 1803, his wife Jane, the 
daughter of ... Tanner. He died 1st April 1817, aged 
72, and she died 2nd August 1817, aged 74 (M. I., Welsh- 
pool churchyard), and left two daughters 
i. Elizabeth Powell, married James Robarts of Welsh- 
pool, after of The Darwen, Gruilsfield ; he purchased the 
Llivior property from his father-in-law. She died 
November 1846, and he died 15th March 1862, and left 
one daughter, Eliza Jane, who married, 20th June 1844, 
Thomas Edgeworth of Wrexham, solicitor, who died 
January 1868. She possesses the Llivior property. She 
has four children 1, Roger, born 1849; 2, Thomas John, 
born 1850 ; 3, Elizabeth Anne Florence ; 4, Ada Maria. 
ii. Rebecca Powell, married Thomas Bowen of Hendre- 
hene, and died, leaving issue (see Bowen pedigree, 
supra p. 162). 



WELSH POOL. 195 

2. SAMUEL POWELL, of whom hereafter (in). 

3. Kichard Powell of Llivior, born 1752 ; married; died 12th 
May 1827, aged 75, leaving issue 

i. A daughter, married to Mr. Prosser of Gloucestershire ; 

died, leaving issue, 
ii. A daughter, married Mr. Trumper of Gloucestershire ; 

died 28th May 1827, leaving issue. 

in. SAMUEL POWELL of Welshpool, born 26th 
December 1748, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
James Powell, son of William Powell of Cilgwrgan, in 
the parish of Llanmerewig, son of William Powell of 
Cilgwrgan, gent., who married a Miss Pryce of 
Llandinam. He died llth October 1809, aged 61, 
and she died 10th November 1838, aged 86 (M. I., 
Welshpool churchyard), and they had issue 

1. Samuel Powell, born 7th March 1776, died 3rd July 1843, 
aged 67 (M. I.), s. p. 

2. James Powell, born 22nd March 1777, died 5th February 
1829, s. p. 

3. Thomas Powell, born 17th March 1778, died llth January 
1864, aged 85 (M. I.), s. p. 

4. Jane Powell, died 1st November 1821, aged 41 (M. I.), 
unmarried. 

5. Richard Powell, died in infancy. 

6. Henry Powell, born 3rd January 1779, married Eliza, 
daughter of ... Davies, Bala, and died 28th January 1858, 
leaving five children i, Elizabeth ; ii, Henry ; iii, James ; 
iv, Catherine; v, Mary. 

7. MATTHEW POWELL, of whom hereafter (iv). 

8. Elizabeth Powell, died 28th August 1870, aged 80 years 
(M. I.), unmarried. 

9. William Powell of Buttington Hall, born 7th August 
1791, married his cousin Susan, daughter of Matthew 
Powell of Newtown. He died 29th September 1859, and 
she died 27th December 1878, and they left issue 

i. Elizabeth Powell, married, and now the widow of 
Thomas Vaughan of The Moors, and now residing at 
Brookside, Welshpool, 1886. 

ii. Jane Powell, married to Thomas Vaughan Roberts, 
late of Delias, now of Severn Cottage, and has issue 

1, Mary, married Charles Ray of Newtown, and has issue ; 

2, Thomas James Roberts. 



196 WELSH POOL. 

iii. James Powell of Buttington, died 4th November 1878, 
aged 48, unmarried. 

iv. William Powell of Buttington Hall, born 29th Decem- 
ber 1839, married, 3rd July 1875, Susan Jane, daughter 
of Richard Pryce of Maesmawr, Llandinam, and has two 
daughters 1, Esther ; 2, Susan. 

iv. MATTHEW POWELL of Welshpool, born 5th No- 
vember 1787, married Anne, daughter of Samuel Evans 
of Brockton, co. Salop, died 1st July 1819, leaving 
one son 

1. SAMUEL POWELL, of whom hereafter (v). 

v. SAMUEL POWELL of Ivy House, Welshpool, J.P., 
co. Montgomery, born 9th November 1816, married, 
18th July 1842, Johanna, daughter of Edward Cleaton 
of Gwenthro, Kerry, by Mary his wife. They have had 
issue 

1. Elizabeth Powell, married William Jones of Welshpool, 
and died 14th July 1874, aged 30 (M. I.), s. p. 

2. Johanna Powell, born 19th October 1845, died 16th July 
1861. 

3. Samuel Powell, born 2nd March 1847 ; now in Australia ; 
married, and has seven children. 

4. Matthew Powell of Welshpool, bank manager, born 16th 
September 1848, married, 7th May 1879, Ellen Elizabeth, 
daughter of Charles Moiser and Anne his wife, formerly 
Anne Parry (see Parry of Dairy pedigree), and has issue 
i, Ethel Mary ; ii, Charles Noel ; iii, Matthew Alexander ; 
iv, Walter Samuel. 

5. Edward Powell of Newtown, solicitor, born 1 Oth October 
1850, married, 3rd June 1880, Helen, daughter of Pryce 
Jones of Dolerw, M.P. for the Montgomery Boroughs, and 
has issue i, Norah; ii, Arthur; iii, Sidney. 

6. Thomas Powell of Ironbridge, bank manager, born 19th 
April 1852, married, 16th May 1881, Mary Jane, daughter 
of Evan Davies Lloyd and Elizabeth his wife (see Parry of 
Leighton pedigree), and has issue i, Llewelyn Vavasour. 

7. Charles Powell, born 29th November 1853, died 16th 
July 1878, aged 24 (M. I.), unmarried. 

8. Cleaton Powell, born 2nd January 1856, married, 3rd May 
1885, Nellie, daughter of William Norris of Birkenhead. 

9. Mary Powell, married, 8th November 1881, G. P. Wilson 
of Somerset House, London, and has issue i, George 
Samuel; ii, Maud Mary. 



WELSH POOL. 197 



NOTE. 

POWELL OP EDNOP ; POWELL OF BRTNCAEMISIR, PARISH OP BERRIEW ; 
POWELL OP LLIVIOR, PARISH OP BERRIEW. 

There seems to be some probability that these three families had a 
common origin. 

The Powells of Ednop, by marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard ap Edward of Vaynor, became owners or part owners of the 
Vaynor estate, in the parish of Berriew. 

The other sister, Ann (daughter of Richard ap Edward), married 
Thomas Purcel, Sheriff in 1553. It has not yet been ascertained how 
Arthur Pryce of Newtown, Sheriff in 1548, acquired Vaynor; it can 
only be assumed he purchased from John Powell, as the latter does 
not appear in the list of magistrates, etc., after the 2 and 3 Elizabeth 
(1559-60), while his brother, " Hugh Powell of Ednop, ar.", is to be 
seen there up to the 30th Elizabeth. 

It may be fairly inferred that the Powells of Bryncaemisir are 
descended from Richard Powell of Ednop, Sheriff in 1554. 

According to Vincent's Collections for Salop, at the College of 
Arms, he had, besides Hugh his eldest and John his second son, above 
referred to, a fourth son, Richard Powell, who, it is there said, had 
issue hiiit exituCm, but without giving either his domicile or the names 
of his issue. The same authority seems to imply, since it has s. p. 
after the associated names of John and Robert Powell, the second and 
third sons, that the latter died without issue. John Powell derived 
from his marriage with the co-heiress of Vaynor, in the parish of 
Berriew, a considerable property there, and it is not unlikely that his 
younger brother, Richard Powell, was domiciled at Bryncaemisir, in the 
same parish. 

At all events, a Richard Powell of Bryncaemisir, gent., presumably 
this Richard or his son, was on a Montgomeryshire grand jury in 
1609. Although the Vaynor of John Powell passed in some unknown 
way to Arthur Pryce, second son of Matthew Pryce of Newtown, 
Sheriff in 1548, members of the Ednop family still maintained an 
official connection with the ceded property as stewards to the Pryces 
of Vaynor. Hugh Powell, the eldest brother of Richard, presumably 
of Bryncaemisir, married, as his second wife, according to Vincent, 
" Margaretta fil. Mathei Price de Newtowne in co. Mongomery", or 
the sister of Arthur Pryce who acquired Vaynor. The sons of Hugh 
Powell and Margaret Pryce were 

1. Edward Powell, who, by his wife Catherine Hopton, had one 
son, Jeremiah, and three daughters. 

2. John Powell, who, by his wife Margaret, daughter of George 
Wyham of the county of Hereford, had two daughters. 

3. Erasmus Powell, "Parsona de Clunne". 

4. Hugh Powell. 

5. Arthur Powell, who, by his wife Mary, daughter and co heiress 



198 WELSH POOL. 

of John Gwillim or Williams, had two sons, William Powell and 
Joseph Powell. 

6. Alexander Powell. 

Edward, the eldest son of Hugh Powell and Margaret Pryce, was 
evidently the steward of Teirtreff in 1606 to his first-cousin, Edward 
Price of Vaynor. Arthur, the fifth son, may also be credited with 
the stewardship of the same manor of "Teirtreff issa" to Arthur Prvce 
of Vaynor, in 1622. 

The connection shown above, and that we subsequently proceed to 
detail, by aid of the Montgomeryshire Collections, not only shows 
the abiding exercise of the Powell of Ednop interest in property in 
Berriew parish, but, by an exhaustive process, indicates the inherit- 
ance of Bryncaemisir as that of their uncle Richard and his descen- 
dants. 

1570. Arthur Pryce of Vaynor first comes under notice 13th 
Elizabeth, being contemporary of John Powell, his son. 

1596. Edward Powell, gent., was his steward for Teirtreff in 1605. 

1609. Richard Powell of Bryncaemisir, gent., occurs on a county 
grand jury with Edward Price of Vaynor, 1596, 39 Elizabeth; and 
again on a county grand jury (Mont. Coll., vi, p. 245) in 1616. These 
two Powells are, it is conceived, sons of John Powell. 

1622. Taking a succeeding generation, it will be found that Arthur, 
heir of Edward Pryce of Vaynor, was J.P. 20 James I. His steward 
for Teirtreff Issa was Arthur Powell, in 1622 (vi, p. 276). 

1627. Then there occur, in 3 Charles I, "Ricardus Powell of 
Bryncaemisir et Ricardus Price." Gen. ball, de Nova Villa (vi y 
p. 289). 

1634. 10 Charles I, Ricardus Powell de Dyffryn, Llanvair, Hundred 
de Newtown, on a jury (vi, p. 301). 

1638. 20th February, exchange of land between Simon Gowdall 
(note this name) of Bryncaemisir, and Richard Powell of Bryncae- 
misir. 

Take another generation, that of Mary Pryce, heiress of Arthur 
Price of (1654) Vaynor, and wife of George Devereux, who occurs in 
1655, Edward Powell of Bryncaemisir, on a Commonwealth grand 
jury, 6 Charles II (vii, p. 194). He is doubtless identical with the 
" Edward Powell", an ancient gentleman called "an old knave" in 
Welsh by Edward Morris of Ucheldre, Bettws, gent, (see his History 
for 1654). The powers that were, having arraigned the said Edward 
Morris for this insult, it can but be concluded that this Edward 
Powell, the ancient gentleman, was, or had the proclivities of, a 
Roundhead. The same, doubtless, occurs with his relative on the 
same grand jury, 14 Charles II, viz., " Edwardus Powell de Bryn- 
caemisir, gent., and Ricardus Powell de Ucheldre, gent." (vii, pp. 
222-3). 

In some notes from deeds relating to Bryncaemisir there was the 
conveyance of Bryncaemisir and other lands in Berriew from Richard 
Powell to Thomas Hodgson (afterwards, 1680-95-98) of Bryncaemisir. 



WELSH POOL. 199 

The property subsequently fell to Robert Devereux and the Nicholls 
family. From these notes the following has been culled : 

Inq. p. m. of Richard Powell, October 20, Charles II, 1671 ; 
24th April, Charles II, conveyance by Richard Powell of Bryn- 
caemisir, gent., of Berriew, co. of Montgomery, and Ann his wife, 
of " all the Capital Messuage wherein Edward Powell, gent, [the 
ancient gentleman of 1654, it is presumed], Uncle of the said Richard 
Powell, lately dwelt, and wherein Thomas Hodgson the younger did 
then dwell." Also land in Kefngwernfa, and other land in the parish 
of Berriew. 

This points to a connection between the Powells and Hodgsons : 

1672. llth June, 24 Charles II, assignment from John Bright of 
Whitton to Thomas Hodgson, of a " judgment debt of ,500 against 
Richard Powell of Ucheldre, Bettws, a nephew and heir of Edward 
Powell of Bryncaemisir, gent., which affected lands which Thomas 
Hodgson had bought, and which were found by inquisition to be liable 
to satisfy the said judgment." May it not, therefore, be reasonably 
presumed that the Powells of Bryncaemisir were descendants of the 
Powells of Edenhope ? 

Now, as to the Powells of Llivior, the presumption is not so strong, 
and more evidence is required to prove their connection with that 
family. Still, from the name itself, and from the fact of Llivior being 
in Berriew, and other circumstances, such connection is not improb- 
able. The first owner of Llivior we meet with is Thomas Powell, de- 
scribed as " of Llivior, in the parish of Berriew, gentleman". In 
1706 he married Mary, daughter of Thomas Cowdall of Bettws, with 
whose family an exchange of lands had been taking place (as we have 
seen) with the Powells of Bryncaemisir in 1638. At the latest, 
Thomas Powell must have been born circa 1680, which shows him to 
be contemporary with the Powells of Bryncaemisir. 

17th October 1741. Will of Thomas Powell of Llivior mentions 
his wife and three daughters Rebecca, wife of Thomas Jones, Mary, 
and Martha. Recites indenture of lease and re-lease, dated 24th and 
25th September 1 706, the latter made between the testator as "Thomas 
Powell of Llivior, gentleman, of the first part ; Thomas Cowdale of 
Bettws, gent., of the second part ; Thomas Chelmick of Forden, 
gent., and Thomas Cowdale of Berriew, gent., of the third part; 
and that the testator, in consideration of a marriage intended 
between the testator and Mary Cowdale, daughter of Thomas Cow- 
dale of Bettws, did settle the Capital Messuage of his in the occupa- 
tion of Richard David Proger, formerly three messuages, to the uses 
therein mentioned, subject to a proviso for raising money for younger 
children, subject to his power of appointment, which he thereby 
exercised." 

12th October 1742. Indenture between Thomas Powell the elder, 
of Llivior, gent., and Mary his wife, first part ; Thomas Powell the 
younger of Llivior, gent., son and heir of Thomas Powell the elder, 
of second part; Charles Humphreys of Pennant, gent., and Hum- 



200 WELSH POOL. 

phrey Parry of Llanfyllin, gent., third part; and Arthur Jones of 
Llivior, gent., and Arthur Vaughan of same place, gent., fourth part, 
being a deed of family arrangement. 

The subsequent deeds do not bear upon the question. 

The registers of Berriew and Bettws have been searched in vain for 
the link, which, nevertheless, may, and probably does exist. 

We must content ourselves by giving the foregoing notes as show- 
ing the degree of probability which exists of the common origin of the 
three families of Powell of Edenhope, Bryncaemisir, and Llivior. 



WELSH POOL. 201 



JONES OF OLIVE PLACE AND HOWELL OP RHIEWPORT. 

I. EDWARD JONES of Newtown, co. Montgomery, died 

3rd October 1727, aged 72; married Elizabeth , 

who died 1st June 1743, aged 81. They had a son 

ii. EDWARD JONES, surgeon, born Wednesday, 28th 
June 1693; married, 10th May 1744, at Newtown 
Church, by the Rev. William Evance, Surrogate, Mary 
Purcell of Nantcribba Hall. She died 12th August 
1783, aged 65. He died 10th October 1766, and had 
six children 

1. Edward Jones, born 5th June 1746, and died 15th June 
1746. 

2. Elizabeth Jones, died 3rd June 1810. 

3. William Jones, born 19th January 1751, and died 3rd 
February 1751. 

4. CHARLES JONES, of whom presently (in). 

5. Sarah Jones, died 12th October 1763, aged 4 years. 

6. Jane Jones, married David Evans, died 25th September 
1783. 

in. CHARLES JONES, born 14th September 1 756 ; 
married, 24th June 1783, at Newtown Church, by the 
Rev. William Brown, Mary Jones of Llanllwchaiarn 
(who died 26th February 1 823). He died at Newtown, 
and left three children 

1. Thomas Roberts Jones, born 4th April 1784, and died 
9th March 1804. 

2. Elizabeth Jones, born 16th May 1787, married John 
Evans. Died at Alexandria, U. S. America, 18.... 

3. EDWAED PURCELL JONES, of whom hereafter (iv). 

iv. EDWARD PURCELL JONES, born at Newtown, 15th 
January 1790 ; married, at St. Mary's Church, Welsh- 
pool, 12th April 1814, Martha, daughter of Roger 
Clarke of Welshpool (who was born 19th May 1786, 
and died at Rhiewport, 18th January 1878, aged 91 
years and 8 months). He died llth March 1839, 
having had six children 

1. Sarah Jones, born 27th February 1815, died 18th Feb- 
ruary 1836. 

VOL. XIX. P 



202 WELSH POOL. 

2. Charles Jones, born 19th August 1816. 

3. Edward Jones, born 16th November 1819, and died 
26th August 1823. 

4. Mary Jones, married ABRAHAM HOWELL of Rhiewport, son 
of William and Elinor Howell of Llanbrynmair, Mont- 
gomeryshire; County Treasurer from 1848 to 1874; J.P. 
co. Montgomery; Mayor of Welshpool four times, 1848, -60, 
-61, and -64. On retiring from the Aldermanship he pre- 
sented a massive gold chain and badge to the Mayor and 
Corporation of Welshpool, to be worn by the Mayor 
on public occasions. They have three sons and four 
daughters 

i. William Mark Howell, born 26th September 1841 ; admitted a 
solicitor 1865 ; County Treasurer from 1874. 

ii. Charles Edward Howell, born 27th July 1846 ; admitted a 
solicitor 1868. 

iii. Henry Llewelyn Howell, born 24th May 1851, of Exeter Col- 
lege, Oxford ; M.A., 1877. 

iv. Mattie Louisa Howell, married, 18th April 1866, Alfred 
Charles Twentyman of Castlecroft near Wolverhampton, J.P. 
co. Stafford. They have three sons and two daughters ; the 
eldest, Llewelyn Howell Twentyman, born 29th January 1867. 

v. Isabella Mary Howell. 

vi. Frances Ellen Howell. 
vii. Florence Howell. 

5. Eliza Jones, married Henry Chaplin Clarke, and has issue. 

6. EDWARD JONES, of whom presently (v). 

v. EDWARD JONES, born 21st December 1830, of 
Clive Place, Welshpool ; admitted a solicitor, Michael- 
mas Term, 1856 ; Town Clerk of Welshpool since 1866 ; 
married, 31st December 1857, Rosa Ann Schmidt, and 
has had four children 

1. EDWARD LEOPOLD ROBERT JONES, born 9th January 1863. 

2. Wilfred Harry Jones, born 18th October 1867. 

3. Amelia Rosa Constance Jones, died 19th May 1878. 

4. Laura Gertrude Jones. 



WELSH POOL. 203 



TURNER OF WELSHPOOL AND PENTREHEYLIN. 

I. PETER TURNER of Welshpool, married Mary, daugh- 
ter of William Pugh of Kilthrew, by Mary his wife, 
who was born 1st August 1712, and died 2nd July 
1790 (Welshpool Register). Peter Turner died, hav- 
ing had seven children 

1. Lloyd Turner, buried at Welshpool, 6th December 1783. 

2. Andrew Turner, born 6th April 1747, and died 16th Jan. 
1752. 

3. Sarah Turner, married Edward Humphreys of Walcot 
(baptised at Chirbury, 15th December 1744), and had two 
children 

i. Edward Humphreys of Walcot (whom James Turner, in his 
will, dated 9th December 1806, calls his " nephew"), mar- 
ried Mary, daughter and co-heiress of John Lloyd of the Wood, 
and had two children i, Edward Humphreys of Walcot ; ii, 
Mary Humphreys, died 1886. 

ii. Arthur Lloyd Humphreys of the Wood, married Margaret, 
eldest daughter and co-heiress of John Lloyd of the Wood, 
and had one son, Arthur Humphreys of the Wood, who 
married Miss Farmer, and is dead, leaving one son, Arthur 
Lloyd Humphreys. 

4. JAMES TURNER, of whom presently (ii). 

5. Jane Turner, born March 1749 ; married, 8th April 1784, 
Price Pugh of St. Andrew's, Holborn (third son of William 
Pugh of Brynllowarch, by his wife Jane, daughter of John 
Price of Builth). She died 9th November 1812, without 
issue. 

6. Peter Turner, born 6th January 1751. 

7. William Turner, born 6th July 1754, and buried at Chir- 
bury in 1805. 

ii. JAMES TURNER of Welshpool, born 6th August 
1748 ; married Mary, daughter of John Jarnes of Syl- 
faen, High Sheriff co. Montgomery, 1794. She died 
9th January 1833, aged 62, and he died 18th Decem- 
ber 1806, aged 57 (M. I., Welshpool), having had seven 
children 

I.Mary Turner, born 19th January 1793; married Ralph 
Smith of Balymona, Lieutenant 23rd Welsh Fusiliers; 
present at the battle of Waterloo. He died 31st March 

P 2 



204 WELSH POOL. 

1866, and she died 14th September 1880, having had four 
children 

i. Henry Ellis Smith, married Mary Elizabeth Bunbury, and 

has one daughter, Florence Smith. 

ii. William J. J. Smith, Captain 75th Regiment ; died 8th Feb- 
ruary 1879, at Mentone, unmarried. 

iii. Mary Matilda Smith, married, 20th November 1861, Patrick 
Hobart, Inspector of Royal Irish Constabulary. He died 29th 
January 1880, and she died 9th September 1880. 

iv. Eliza Jane Smith, married, 28th January 1853, Surgeon- 
General Gilborne, late Royal Horse Artillery, and has one 
son, Edward Charles William Gilborne, Major 5th Royal 
Lancers. 

2. Jane Turner, born 20th January 1795 ; married, 15th April 
1823, John Humphrey Edward Hill, C.B., Lieutenant- 
Colonel 23rd Welsh Fusiliers, son of Rev. John Hill, M.A., 
Vicar of Hennock, Devon. He served in the Walcheren 
expedition, returning from which in a Dutch frigate he 
was shipwrecked, being the only officer saved ; in Egypt, 
under Sir Ralph Abercromby, receiving the Turkish medal ; 
in the Peninsular War, in which he commanded a Ca^a- 
dore regiment, and received the Gold Cross for the battles 
of Salamanca, St. Sebastian, Nive, and Nivelle. He was 
also present at Waterloo, where he was severely wounded. 
Died 21st January 1838, leaving his wife him surviving, 
and who is living 1886, and also seven children 

i. John Edward Hill, born 25th April 1825 ; married, 25th 
April 1850, Maria, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel John Race 
Godfrey, H.E.I.C.S. ; M.A., Christ Church, Oxford; Deacon, 
1848 ; Priest, 1849 ; Curate of Ashburton, 1848-50 ; Welshpool, 
1850-65 ; Vicar of Welshpool, 1865; elected, May 1886, Proctor 
for the Diocese of St. Asaph. Has had one son and six daugh- 
ters i, John Edward Godfrey Hi]], born 20th June 1858 ; B.A., 
Christ Church, Oxford ; ordained Deacon, 1881, by the Bishop 
of Worcester ; ii, Emily Jane Hill ; iii, Edith Maria Hill ; 
iv, Alice Hill ; v, Ellen Hill ; vi, Marianne Hill, died 26th 
November 1871 ; and vii, Caroline Ella Hill, 
ii. Jane Mary Margaret Hill, married, 9th November 1852, John 
Richard Race Godfrey of the Stock Exchange, London, eldest 
son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Race Godfrey, 24th Regi- 
ment Madras Native Infantry, and has had three sons and 
three daughters i, Raymond Hill Godfrey, born 14th Feb- 
ruary 1859, late with Ceylon Company, at Ceylon, since of the 
London Stock Exchange ; ii, Stuart Hill Godfrey, born 2nd 
June 1861, Lieutenant Queen's Royals, since on Staff Corps 
attached to the 24th Regiment Bombay Native Infantry; iii, 



WELSH POOL. 205 

Arthur Hill Godfrey, born 14th March 1863, Government 
Surveyor at East London, South Africa ; iv, Marion Godfrey, 
married, 12th August 1873, Richard Augustus Willis; v, 
Ella Godfrey ; vi, Inez Maud Godfrey, died in childhood. 

iii. James Turner Hill, born 1828, Major-General, commanded 
14th Regiment Bombay Native Infantry; married, 13th August 
1857, Agnes Jane, daughter of Richard Lewin Pennell of Ven- 
bridge, Devon, and has had six sons and five daughters i, 
James Pennell Hill, born 8th November 1861 ; ii, Reginald 
Montgomery Hill, born 21st September 1864 ; iii, Lewin Probyn 
Hill, born 18th September 1865, died 8th October 1865 ; iv, 
Harold Charles Hill, born 17th September 1869 ; v, Sackville 
Lee Fearon Hill, born 25th January 1872, died 18th March 
1872; vi, Eustace St. Clair Hill, born 15th February 1873; 
vii, Agnes Jane Hill, died 30th April 1 875 ; viii, Gertrude 
Ella Hill; ix, Ethel Cunliffe Hill; x, Lilian Mary Hill ; xi, 
Muriel Agnes Hill. 

iv. William Price Hill, Captain 16th Regiment, died 24th Decem- 
ber 1859, at Funchal, Madeira, unmarried. 

v. Charles Frederick Hill, retired Commander R.N. Served in the 
Baltic, and present at Gamla Carlby, the capture of Bomar- 
sund, and the bombardment of Sveaborgh ; had Baltic medal ; 
was engaged in the attack on the Peiho forts, and gazetted on 
seven separate occasions for services against enemies ; living 
1886. 

vi. Richard Hill, born 4th June 1834, and died 6th April 1870, 
unmarried. 

vii. Eliza Caroline Hill, died at Funchal, 22nd December 1859, 
unmarried. 

S.Eliza Eleanora Turner, born 19th March 1798 ; married, 
18th April 1825, Rev. Richard John Davies, M.A., of 
Brompton, Rector of Aberhavesp. He died 5th May 1864, 
and she died 31st January 1874, without issue. 

4. JOHN JAMES TURNER, of whom hereafter (in). 

5. William Turner, born 20th January 1800, of Lincoln's Inn, 
barrister-at-law, died 18th April 1826, unmarried. 

6. Pryce Lloyd Turner of Llwynderw, born 1805 ; sworn a 
Burgess of Welshpool, 1830; died 7th Nov. 18 85, unmarried. 

7. James Turner of Weymouth, born 25th April 1807 ; mar- 
ried twice first, Rosina, only daughter of Allan Bogle of 
Glasgow, by whom he had one son 

i. James Graham Turner, Major 28th Regiment, who married 
Mary Ann Elliott, and died in London, 19th July 1870, in his 
39th year, without issue. 

He married, secondly, 7th December 1850, Pamela, only 
child of Edward Fox Fitzgerald, only son of Lord Edward 
Fitzgerald, fourth son of James, first Duke of Leinster 



206 WELSH POOL. 

(Premier Duke, Marquis, and Earl of Ireland), by whom 
he has had two children 
i. Charles Turner, died 1863. 

ii. Charles Edward Fitzgerald Price Lloyd Turner, born 25th 
August 1869. 

in. JOHN JAMES TURNER of Pentreheylin, born 20th 
January 1800; married, 21st November 1829, at Aber- 
havesp, Ann, only surviving child of George Ross of 
Llanerchydol, and Eliza his wife, who died 5th July 
1812 (M. 1., Welshpool Church), and was the younger 
son of Gilbert Ross of London, by Anne his wife (see 
Parry of the Dairy pedigree, infra, p. 215) ; High 
Sheriff co. Montgomery, 1828 ; D. L., 1846. He died 
18th September 1875, having had nine children 

1. JOHN JAMES TUENEE, of whom presently (iv). 

2. Mary Ann Turner, living 1886. 

3. William Ross Turner, born 16th June 1834, Captain 3rd 
Buffs ; served in the Crimea, 1854-5 ; medal and clasp for 
Sebastopol, and Turkish medal ; also in the China War, 
1860 ; medal and clasp for Taku forts. 

4. Eliza Turner, married, 21st October 1863, Lewis Richard 
Price of Harrington Hall, surviving son of Stafford Price, 
by Margaret his wife, daughter of William Davies of 
Brompton Hall, and sister of the Rev. Richard John 
Davies, M.A., Rector of Aberhavesp. He died 26th March 
1882, leaving his wife him surviving, who resides at Mar- 
rington Hall, and four children 

i. Stafford Davies Price, born 31st January 1866. He assumed 
the additional surname of Davies by royal licence, and in pur- 
suance of the provisions of the will of his great-uncle, the Rev. 
Richard John Davies. Educated at Winchester College ; en- 
tered R.A., April 1885. 

ii. Hugh Arthur Lewis, born 2nd May 1873. 

iii. Llewelyn Alberic Emilius, born 30th June 1878. 

iv. Gwendoline Cholita Mary Sheynton. 

S.George Henry Turner, born 16th August 1837; Major 
Army Pay Department (late 50th Queen's Own Regiment, 
1st Battalion 17th Leicestershire Regiment) ; served in 
New Zealand and Afghanistan ; medals with clasp for AH 
Musjid. Married, 4th June 1873, Frances, daughter of 
Samuel Tomkinson, Member Legislative Council, Adelaide, 
South Australia, and has six children 



WELSH POOL. 207 

i. James Ross Turner, born 4th April 1874. 

ii. George Malcolm Turner, born 5th July 1875. 
iii. Francis Richard Worthington Turner, born 21st July 1881. 
iv. Charles Hugo Worthington Turner, born 10th May 1884. 

v. Frances Mary Owen Turner, 
vi. Eleanora Gladys Turner. 

6. Price Lloyd Hill Turner, born 21st February 1839 ; mar- 
ried, 22nd April 1880, Mary Ellen Mercer, and has one 
child 

i. Maud Mary Turner. 

7. Richard Turner, born 15th June 1840 ; M.D., Surgeon- 
Major in the Army. 

8. Edward Turner, born 19th February 1842 ; in Indian Civil 
Service ; married, October 1873, Georgiana, daughter of 
Thomas Chase, Madras Civil Service, and has two sons 
and four daughters 

!i. Edward Chase Turner, born September 1874. 

ii. Richard Chase Turner, born 12th January 1884. 

iii. Florence Emily Turner. 

iv. Mary Turner ; v, Edith Turner ; vi, Georgiana Turner. 

9. Eleanora Jane Turner, living 1886. 

iv. JOHN JAMES TURNER of Pentreheylin, born 31st 
January 1831, of St. John's College, Cambridge ; B.A., 
1853; M.A., 1856; ordained by the Bishop of St. 
Asaph, 1854, Curate of Hawarden, Berriew, Llany- 
mynech, and Welshpool; Vicar-designate of Buttington 
at the time of his death. Married, 17th January 1878, 
Harriette Augusta, daughter of Richard Pryce Harri- 
son, C.S.I, (see Harrison pedigree, supra, p. 156) ; died 
12th December 1879, and buried at Llandisilio, leav- 
ing his widow, now of Pentreheylin, and two children 
him surviving 

1. NOEL PRICE JAMES TURNEE, of whom presently (v). 

2. John James Turner, born 9th May 1880. 

v. NOEL PRICE JAMES TURNER, born 7th December 
1878, of Pentreheylin. 



208 WELSH POOL. 



GOULD OF GOLFA. 

r. GEORGE GOULD of Mile End, London, the third 
son of Ignatius Gould of Knockraha, near Cork (for 
some particulars of whose descent, see note A, at the 
foot of this pedigree, p. 211), born 14th May 1715 ; 
married, for his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of 
... Somerson, 1 goldsmith and jeweller, in the Mino- 
ries, London, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph 
Rayne 1 of Mentmore, Bucks. He was Captain in the 
Mercantile Marine. He died 28th April 1788, at 
Ley ton in Essex, aged 75 ; his second wife died 24th 
August 1823, aged 93. They had eleven children, of 
whom we have particulars of only three 

1 . GEORGE GOULD of Golfa, of whom presently (n). 

2. JANE GOULD, of whom subsequently (in). 

S.Henry Gould, the eleventh child, born 27th May 1777, 
and died at Abertanat, aged nearly 84 years. 

ii. GEORGE GOULD of Golfa, born 1 7th August 1758, 2 
J.P., D.L. co. Montgomery ; Capt. Montgomery Royal 
Eastern Militia, 1809; Burgess of Welshpool, 1801; 
Bailiff, 1811, -14, -17, -24, and -28. He was in Dept- 
ford Dockyard, and came to Welshpool at the end of 
the last century for the purpose of purchasing oak 
timber for the Navy on behalf of the Government. 
Purchased the Golfa estate previous to 1797; married 
twice first, Mrs. Mooney, widow ; secondly, Eleanor 
Morris, widow of John Morris the younger, Heredi- 
tary Burgess of Welshpool, 1779 (whose mother was 
the daughter of Edward Parry of the Dairy see 
pedigree, infra, p. 222). He died 18th May 1835, 
aged 77 years, and she died 21st August 1841, aged 
87 (M. I., Welshpool Church), leaving no issue, 

1 See note B (p. 211), for some particulars of the Somerson and 
Rayne families. 

2 See note C (p. 212), for some particulars of his recollections of 
the Gordon Riots in 1780. 



WELSH POOL. 209 

in. JANE GOULD of Golfa, born 22nd July 1774; 
married, 19th October 1797, Thomas Withy (who was 
the fifth son of Dr. William Withy, 1 and was born 25th 
November 1772, and died 8th March 1852). She died 
5th January 1859 (M. I., Welshpool Church), having 
had eleven children 

1. JANE GOULD WITHY, who was the adopted daughter of her 
uncle, George Gould, of whom presently (iv). 

2. Elizabeth Withy, whose "Accounts of the Family" we 
quote in the notes at the foot of the pedigree, born 29th 
March 1800, and died at Severn Street, Welshpool, 20th 
August 1882. 

3. Mary Withy, born 7th February 1802, and died at Golfa, 
llth August 1870. 

4. George Gould Withy, born 8th September 1803, died 
20th November 1872, at Maesbury House. 

5. Ann Letts Withy, born 10th September 1805, and died in 
Shrewsbury in 1880, unmarried. 

6. Thomas Withy, born 13th August 1807. 

7. Harriette Eleanor Withy, born 8th June 1 809 ; married 
Isaac Charles of Clynog, Llanrhaiadr, and is now a widow. 

S.William Henry Withy, born 28th March 1811, late of 

Golfa, now of Severn Street, Welshpool ; Mayor of that 

borough, 1856, and J.P. 
9. Henry Robert Withy, born 21st January 1813 ; died as a 

missionary of the Church Missionary Society in Jamaica, 

19th September 1838. 

10. Maria Decima Withy, born 19th December 1814 ; married 
H. Howell ; died at sea, 21st June 1873. 

11. Charlotte Layton Gould Withy, of Severn Street, Welsh- 
pool. 

iv. JANE GOULD WITHY of Golfa, born 15th Sep- 
tember 1798 ; married, 1st January 1829, Rev. Richard 
Pughe, B.A., Jesus College, Oxford, and J.P., Rector of 
Llanfihangel yn Gwynfa (who died 30th January 1858), 
and died 15th June 1858, at the Manor House, Llan- 
fyllin, having had eight children 

1. Jane Gould Pughe, born 8th December 1829. 

2. GEORGE RICHAKD GOULD PUGHE, of whom presently (v). 

3. Elizabeth Pughe, born 12th November 1832; married, 16th 

1 See note D (p. 213), for some particulars relating to the Withy 
family. 



210 WELSH POOL. 

August 1871, Rev. Edward Evans, B.A., Jesus College, 
Oxford, Rector of Llanfihangel yn Gwynfa, and has three 
sons 

i. John Evans, born 21st May 1872. 
ii. Edward Evans, born 29th July 1873. 
iii. Thomas Pughe Evans, born 2nd December 1874. 

4. Anne Pughe, born 28th August 1834 ; married, 15th April 
1863, Thomas Openshaw Lomax of Bodfach, who died 
March 6th, 1882, having had two sons and one daughter 
i. John Lomax, born 16th April 1864. 

ii. Charles Edward Lomax, born 20th January 1868. 
iii. Annie Elizabeth Lomax. 

5. Charlotte Pughe, born 15th September 1836 ; married, 
23rd September 1862, Richard Griffiths, surgeon, F.R.C.S., 
of Aberhiriaeth Hall, Cemmes (who died 5th April 1875), 
and has three children 

i. Richard Pughe Griffiths, born 21st October 1863. 
ii. Catherine Mary Griffiths, 
iii. Elizabeth Ellen Griffiths. 

6. Mary Layton Pughe, born 23rd August, 1838, and died at 
the Manor House, Llanfyllin, 22nd April 1864, unmarried. 

7. William Anthony Pughe, born 15th April 1840, the Town 
Clerk of Llanfyllin, and a Coroner for the county. 

8. John Thomas Pughe, born 28th September 1841, M.A., 
Jesus College, Oxford; Head Master, Upper St. Leonard's 
School, St. Leonard's-on-the-Sea. 

v. GEORGE KICHAED GOULD PUGHE, born 1 7th April 
1831 ; matriculated at Trin. Coll., Oxford, November 
27th, 1850; kept five terms there. St. Bees. Ordained 
St. Asaph, 20th December 1857. Married, 5th July 
1859, Elizabeth Roberts Johnson, daughter of Thomas 
Johnson and Elizabeth his wife, of Maesgarmon, Mold. 
Licensed to the perpetual curacy of St. Mary, Mellor, 
Lancashire (since made a Vicarage), 27th December 
1864, and has had four sons and three daughters 

1. GEORGE EICHARD GOULD PUGHE, born 13th November 
1861. 

2. Philip Withy Johnson Pughe, born 22nd February 1865, 
died 20th November 1865. 

3. William Arthur Pughe, born 17th October 1871. 

4. Eichard Dodgson Hilborne Pughe, born 13th May 1880. 

5. Laura Jane Elizabeth Pughe. 

6. Clara Mary Layton Pughe. 

7. Ada Gwenellen Pughe. 



WELSH POOL. 211 

NOTE A.i 

SOME PARTICULARS OF THE GOULD FAMILY. 

"Extract from the, Journal of my (Eliz: Withy's) Grandfather, 

George Gould. 

" The first of my family who went from England to Ireland was 
Arthur Gould, Son of Arthur Gould of Gould's Mount, Devon, in the 
reign of Harry the second. He married in the Musgarry Family 
(McCharty). My Grandfather, Garrett Gould, was a Captain of Dra- 
goons at the Battle of Worcester, September 3, 1651. Knockraha, 
near Cork, and Tenements in the Town of Kinsale, were his by mar- 
riage. He died in 1699. His eldest son, Ignatius, took possession of 
the property. Ignatius married, in 1701, Amy Barret, by whom he 
had issue Garret Barret, John, and George, and no other male issue. 
The said Ignatius died in 1732. His eldest son Garret took posses- 
sion, and he dying without issue, the estate was claimed and taken 
by Ignatius, an illegitimate child of his second brother Barret, who in 
a short time sold it. My (Elizabeth Withy's) Grandfather, Captain 
George Gould of Mile End, was son to Ignatius and brother to Garret, 
the last legitimate possessor of Knockraha." 



NOTE B. 

SOME PARTICULARS OF THE SOMERSON AND RATNE FAMILIES. 
Continuation of Elizabeth Withy's Memoranda. 

" My Great Grandmother, Elizabeth Somerson, whose maiden name 
was Elizabeth Rayne of Mentmore, was eldest daughter of Joseph 
Rayne and his wife, Eliz. Mumford (Mrs. Rayne died in 1714, and 
was buried at Dartford in Kent). 

"This Joseph was youngest son of Thos. Rayne (who died 1707, 
aged 80), who was born in 1627, and who was the son of Nicholas 
Rayne. 

" Thomas Rayne, son of Nicholas Rayne, was baptized the 18th day 
of January 1628. 

" ' My Sonne Joseph, borne the eighth day of November, being Mon- 
day, 1669, and was baptized the one and twentieth day of the same 
month' (what follows is in a rather different hand), ' and was mar- 
ried the 8 day of October in the year of Our Lord 1694, being Mondy.' 

" The estate of Mentmore in Buckinghamshire belonged to Thos. 
Rayne, son of Nicholas Rayiie, who was born in 1627. He left Ment- 
more to his son Joseph, who was born in 1669, and married Eliz. Mum- 
ford in 1694. Joseph left the estate to his three daughters after the 

1 This and the other notes are from a MS. account of the family 
collected by Elizabeth Withy, February 15th, 1871, and given in her 
own words. 



212 WELSH POOL. 

death of his son by his second marriage. On the decease of her sisters, 
Eliz. Somerson became sole possessor, and left the estate to her 
daughter, Elizabeth Gould, who left it to her son, George Gould of 
Golfa, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, who left it to his Niece, Jane 
Gould Withy, then Mrs. Pughe, who sold it to its tenant, Mr. Warner, 
about the year 1837. 

" My Great Grandfather Somerson was a native of Scarborough, by 
trade a Goldsmith & Jeweller, in the Minories, London. He died, 
leaving two daughters, Infants Eliz., afterwards Mrs. Gould, and 
Rebecca, afterwards Mrs. Swithin. Mr. Swithin was Captain of an 
East India Man. The Widow Somerson married a Mr. Gardener, 
also a Goldsmith and Jeweller." 



NOTE C. 

" RECOLLECTIONS OF THE GORDON RIOTS 
in 1 780 by my Mother and by my Uncle George Gould of Golfa. 

" My mother remembers lying upon the parlour floor one night and 
seeing her papa (Capt. G. Gould 1 ) and mamma walking about the room 
all night in great distress. The next day her sister, Mrs. Muir, took 
their brother Ignatius and their Cousin, Miss Swithin, to Captain Muir's 
residence in Hermitage St. Passing along the New Road, the sky 
looked red, and she saw innumerable fires. A drunken sailor, calling 
out ' No Popery', stopped their Coach and accused them of being 
Papists, but on Mrs. Muir assuring them they were Protestants, he 
put a chalk-mark on the pannels of the Coach and allowed them to 



" My Uncle, George Gould, recollects going to Mile-end and assist- 
ing his parents to prepare for the rioters. Some of the Plate and 
valuables they hid in the Coal House, and some they sent to the resi- 
dence of their neighbour, Mrs. Scott. All the family excepting him- 
self left the house. His mother took refuge at a neighbour's, who 
received her so coldly that she went into fits and became very ill. The 
children were sent to Hermitage St., as above related. A Female 
servant went out to gain intelligence of the movements of the rioters, 
and got so close to them that she was compelled to beg of a person 
whom she saw at a door to give her shelter ; but on stating that she 
was Captain Gould's servant, they would not admit her, fearing they 
might have their house set on Fire. The poor girl, however, found a 
refuge. The mob were then in search of Captain Gould's house, but 
by mistake entered the residence of Mrs. Scott, an old bed-ridden 
lady, the same to whom some of the plate & valuables had been com- 
mitted. She was much alarmed, but succeeded in assuring them 
that she was a Protestant, and so got rid of them without much loss. 

1 Capt. G. Gould was a Roman Catholic. His wife and children 
were Protestants. 



WELSH POOL. 213 

They then found the Captain's House, and my Uncle received them 
with great respect, called them gentlemen, and entreated them to 
inspect the premises and convince themselves that there were not any 
Papistical Symbols there, and assured them that they had been mis- 
informed as to his Father being an image Worshipper. He also enter- 
tained them liberally with meat and drink, and they behaved pretty 
well, considering what they were. One man stuck a knife through 
the Portrait of Mrs. Swithin, my Grandmother's sister (the lady in 
Blue), and another slyly put a lighted torch into a Chest of drawers 
containing clothes of my deceased Aunt Amy (this Chest is now at 
Maesbury, the house of G. Withy, Esq're),and another commenced 
swinging the Hall lamp, and was in the Act of smashing it, when one 
of his comrades knocked him down, and a scuffle commenced, which 
ended in their leaving the house. One found some books in a foreign 
language, which he denounced as Papistical Writings, but the scuffle 
commencing just then, prevented his remarks being attended to. 
Before they returned that way some troops arrived from Essex, and 
there was an end of the alarm in that quarter. When they were gone 
my Uncle went to the drawers and found the fire smouldering. It was 
too airtight to burst into a flame till he opened the drawers. Only a 
cape was destroyed. 

"June 1854. The recollections were from my Mother this day. 

" The rest are from relations I call to mind of my Uncle George 
Gould. 

" ELIZ. WITHY, Golfa." 

NOTE D. 
SOME PARTICULARS OP THE WITHY FAMILY. 

" Hillborne Withy, Upholsterer, Coleman St., died leaving 3 child- 
ren, Robert, William, & Mrs. Russell, the Wife of a Glass Manufac- 
turer. Robert was a Stockbroker, and died leaving several children. 
He was known as ' Bob Short' (the Whist player). His eldest 
son Robert was a money scrivener (Solicitor) of Buckingham St., 
Strand, and of Bletchingly in Sussex and of Brighton. He was thrice 
married, at 1st to Miss Burton. He died at Bletchingly about 1845, 
leaving many daughters. One of his daughters married the Hon'ble 
Mortimer Rodney, son of Lord Rodney. 

" Copied from a Newspaper. 

" * 30th March 1856, at Lanfanque, France, aged 64, died the Hon. 
Mortimer Rodney. He was born in 1791, and married, in 1815, Sarah, 
daughter of Robert Withy, Esq're (of Brompton), by whom he had 3 
daughters and 3 sons, one of whom is Lieutenant in the Navy.' 

" William, second son of Hillborne, married Mary Layton. He was 
a surgeon in Castle St., Cripplegate, and died in 1788. His Widow 
died in or about 1824. They had 6 children. Thomas Withy, the 
5th of them, was born November 25th, 1772, and died March 8th, 
1852. He married Jane Gould, 19th October 1797." 



214 WELSH POOL. 



PARRY OF THE DAIRY. 

In the early part of the eighteenth century there 
were two brothers, David Parry and Edward Parry, 
resident in or near Welshpool, of whom we treat suc- 
cessively. 

1. DAVID PARRY of Welshpool, married Ann, the 
daughter of ... Rubathan of Stallow. By his marriage 
articles, which are mentioned in his will, Tynyllwyn 
passed to his eldest son. His will, dated 10th June 
1768, and proved at Doctors' Commons on 17th June 
1773, mentions his oldest son, Thomas Parry, and his 
son William Parry, and his daughter Anne Parry ; also 
his brother-in-law, William Rubathan ; his nephew, 
Edward Parry of Layton Hall. One of the witnesses 
is David Parry, Powis Castle, Dairy (probably the son 
of Edward and Anne Parry, and afterwards of Chirbury 
Hall). He died on 10th July 1768, and left two sons 
and one daughter 

1. THOMAS PARRY, born at Welshpool, 7th September 1758 ; 
lived and died at Tynyllwyn. His will dated 5th April 
1799, whereby he left all his property to his brother 
William, and died unmarried. 

2. Ann Parry, mentioned in her father's will. 

3. WILLIAM PARRY, married Ann, second daughter of William 
Pryce of Penylan (by his wife, Elizabeth Parry ; see infra, 
p. 218), and died on 18th April 1859, aged 95. An instance 
of the far-distant period his memory extended to is 
recorded in Mont. Coll., vol. xiv, p. 187. He left one son 
and four daughters 

i. David Parry, married, and died 7th December 1863, leaving 
two daughters. 

ii. Anne Parry, married Charles Moiser, and is living 1886, and 
has had two sons and three daughters i, eldest daughter 
died young ; ii, Anna Mary Moiser, married to Alexander 
Davies of Glyndwr, Welshpool (see Pugh of Leighton pedigree, 
infra, p. 233) ; iii, Ellen Elizabeth Moiser, married Matthew 
Powell, bank manager, Welshpool, and has three children (see 
Powell pedigree, supra, p. 196); iv and v, two sons, died young. 

iii. Elizabeth Parry, died unmarried. 

iv. Mary Parry, died unmarried. 



WELSH POOL. 215 

v. Sarah Parry, married Edward Owens, and died, leaving one 
son and one daughter. 

2. EDWARD PARRY, described in the baptism of one of 
his children as of Llanerchydol, but in 1762 was of the 
Dairy ("a farm which at that time extended to the 
River Severn"). He married Anne, the daughter of ... 
Pryce of Luggy, in the parish of Berriew. He died 
in 1764, and had several children. The order of their 
births we are not able with certainty to determine. 

i. EDWARD PARRY of Leighton Hall (of whom here- 
after, p. 223). 

IT. JOHN PARRY (son of Edward Parry of the Dairy, 
and Anne his wife), baptised 12th January 1737. A 
John Parry was married at Forden to Ann Meredith 
on 8th July 1 755, but whether identical with this 
person or not we cannot ascertain ; but it is probable he 
is the son who is said to have "met his death when 
hunting on the Long Mountain". 

in. RICHARD PARRY (son of Edward Parry of the 
Dairy, and Anne his wife), who settled in the neigh- 
bourhood of Llanerchydol or Varchwell. There was, 
in 1794, Richard Parry of Llanerchydol, an Hereditary 
Burgess of Welsh pool, but whether identical or not with 
him we cannot learn. 

iv. ANNE PARRY (daughter of Edward Parry of the 
Dairy, and Anne his wife), born 27th December 1729, 
baptised at Pool ; married Gilbert Ross of London, and 
died 19th November 1821, aged 93 (M. I.), and had 
two sons 

1. Gilbert Ross, married his first cousin, Elizabeth, the 
daughter of Edward Parry of Leighton. He died 2nd 
October 1815, aged 60 years, and she died 16th August 
1825, aged 66, and they left no issue. 

2. George Ross of Llanerchydol, married Eliza, daughter 
of Pryce Buckley, and sister of John Buckley William es 
of Pennant, and died 5th July 1812, aged 42 years (M. I., 
Welshpool), leaving two children 

i. Gilbert Buckley Ross, who died 1st August 1825, aged 27 
yeai-s, unmarried (M. I., Welshpool). 



216 WELSH POOL. 

ii. Ann, married John James Turner of Pentreheilin, 21st 
November 1829, and had issue, Rev. John James Turner of 
Pentreheilin, (late) Vicar-designate of Buttington, of St. John's 
College, Cambridge; B.A., 1853; M.A., 1856; and other 
children (see Turner pedigree, p. 207). 

v. ELIZABETH PARRY (daughter of Edward Parry of 
the Dairy, and Anne his wife ; baptismal register not 
found); born circa 1740; married twice first, at 
Welshpool, 19th February 1760, to JRichard Francis, 
second son of John Francis and Mary Pryce his 
wife (who were married at Forden Church, 2nd 
February 1733); they resided at Llanerchydol Cot- 
tage until 1765, and afterwards at Penylan; secondly, 
at Forden, 6th February 1769, to William Pryce of 
Llandinam, afterwards of Penylan, third son of ... 
Pryce of Cwm yr udref (?), second son of ... Pryce of 
Luggy, his (William Pryce's) wife's grandfather. She 
died at Forden, 23rd August 1805, 1 in her sixty-fifth 
year (M. I., Forden). 

By her first marriage with Richard Francis (who 
died at Penylan, 2nd August 1768, aged 31) she had 
three sons 

1. John Francis, baptised at Welshpool, 15th September 
1761; married, at Forden, Mary Edwards (second daughter 
of John and Anne Edwards of the Little Hem), 5th 
February 1788, and died at Penstrowed, 1844, leaving 
seven children 

i. Mary Francis, married Edward Stephens, Redhouse, Llan- 
dinam, and died 9th April 1875, having had one son, Edward 
Stephens, deceased, and two daughters i, Mary Stephens, who 
married ... Kennedy; ii, Margaret Stephens, died unmarried. 
ii. Elizabeth Francis, married James Evans of The Gorther, 
Beguildy, son of James Evans, clerk in holy orders, of The 
Moat, Kerry, died 31st August 1822, having had one son, John 
Evans, who died unmarried, 1846, and one daughter, Elizabeth 
Evans, who married John Stuart Corbett of Wortley, Yorkshire, 
son of Stuart Corbett, D.D., Archdeacon of York, and has four 
children i, John Stuart Corbett, married Blanch, daughter 
of the Rev. James Evans, Vicar of Costessey, Norfolk, and has 



1 In the marriage licence affidavit at St. Asaph, in the beginning 
of 1 760, she is described as twenty-one years and upwards. If so, 
she could not be in her sixty-fifth year. 






WELSH POOL. 217 

four daughters Blanche Corbett, Elizabeth Corbett, Sybel 
Corbett, and Grace Corbett ; ii, James Andrew Corbett, 
married Henrietta Louisa, daughter of Edward J. Phillips of 
Woodlands, Monmouthshire, and has one son, Vincent Edward 
Corbett, and four daughters Mary Wortley Corbett, Olive 
Stuart Corbett, Gladys Ann Montague Corbett, and Beatrice 
Evelyn Corbett ; iii, Mary Stuart Corbett ; iv, Edwin Wortley 
Montague Corbett, married Alice Corbett Evans, daughter of 
Thomas Evans of Cardiff. 

iii. Ann Francis, died unmarried, 10th June 1846. 

iv. Jane Francis, married Joseph Hollis, died 19th October 1837, 
leaving one daughter, Jane, married David Williams, New- 
town. 

v. John Francis, born 10th May 1794, married Sarah, daughter 
of Thomas and Ann Vaughan of Trelystan, 6th February 1832, 
and died 6th October 1879, leaving four children 

1. John Francis, born 13th November 1836, of St. John's 
College, Cambridge ; B.A., 1861; M.A., 1864 ; Deacon, 1861; 
Priest, 1862 ; Curate of the parish of Liverpool. 

2. Sarah Francis, married, 23rd June 1859, William Kempster, 
son of William Kempster of Shrewsbury, solicitor, and has 
issue living, one son, William Vaughan Kempster, born 9th 
October 1867, and three daughters i, Frances Elizabeth 
Kempster ; ii, Emily Vaughan Kempster ; iii, Sarah 
Maud Kempster. 

3. Thomas Francis, born 4th May 1841, died 9th May 1870, 
unmarried. 

4. Richard Francis, born 29th June 1843, married, 1869, 
Elizabeth Edwards of Hengoed, and died May 1881, leaving 
issue two sons i, John Francis, born 1st May 1870; ii, 
Herbert Albert Francis ; and three daughters i, Edith 
Mary Elizabeth Francis; ii, Sarah Maria Francis; iii, Amy 
Gertrude Francis. 

vi. Richard Francis, born 10th May 1796, died at Penstrowed, 5th 

October 1825, unmarried. 

vii. Sarah Francis, married Thomas Pryce, and died 7th October 
1875, leaving five children 1, John Pryce ; 2, Thomas Pryce ; 
3, Richard Pryce ; 4, Edward Pryce, died 1886 ; 5, Mary Pryce, 
married Robert Goodwin. 

viii. Margaret Francis, died 20th January 1805, aged three years, 
ix. Susannah Francis, died 10th January 1805, aged one year 
and a half. 

2. Richard Francis, baptised at Welshpool, 20fch February 
1763, and died at Forden, 7th June 1766. 

3. Edward Francis, baptised at Welshpool, 28th May 1765, 
died 5th August 1769. 

By her second marriage with William Pryce (who 
VOL. xix. Q 



218 WELSH POOL. 

died 18th October 1805, and whose will was proved at 
Canterbury, 15th September 1806) Elizabeth Parry 
had seven children, four sons and three daughters 

o 

1. William Pryce of Penylan, who died unmarried. 

2. Cornelius Pryce of Trehelig, married Jane Smith of the 
Heldre, and had seven children i, William Pryce, died 
6th January 1856, aged 47 ; ii, John Pryce ; iii, Thomas 
Pryce ; iv, Jane Pryce ; v. Mary Pryce ; vi, Elizabeth 
Pryce; vii, Cornelius Pryce. 

3. Edward Pryce of Cwm Earl, married E. Davies of Dollas, 
and had three children Edward Pryce of Penylan 
(married, but left no children), Elizabeth Pryce, and Mary 
Pryce. 

4. Thomas Pryce of The Grove, married Mary Morris of 
Sutton, and had nine children 

i. Thomas Pryce, died 19th December 1872, aged 64; ii, RICHARD 
PRYCE (of whom hereafter) ; iii, Elizabeth Pryce, died October 
27th, 1859, aged 49 ; iv, Ann Pryce ; v, Mary Pryce, died May 
2nd, 1875, aged 64; vi, Margaret Pryce; vii, Willianj Pryce, 
died February 7th, 1859, aged 44; viii, John Pryce; ix, 
EDWARD PRYCE (of whom hereafter). 

ii. Richard Pryce, married Ann Juer, and had three children 
i, Richard Pryce, died unmarried ; ii, Ann Pryce ; iii, Lucy 
Pryce, married William Pugh. 

ix. EDWARD PRYCE of the Tanhouse, Welshpool, married Elianor, 
daughter of Edward Davies of Llwynderw, and died 23rd 
October 1879, aged 64 years (M. I., Christchurch, Welshpool), 
leaving two children 

1. Thomas Edward Pryce, of 9, Argyll Street, London, archi- 
tect, born 18th December 1853, living 1886. 

2. Elizabeth Mary Pryce of Elm hurst, Welshpool, living 1886. 

5. Elizabeth Pryce, married, 17th February 1795, at Forden, 
William Edmunds of Edderton, and died, leaving several 
children. The eldest surviving son, John Edmunds, in- 
herited the Edderton estate, and married Mary, daughter 
of Edward Pugh (see Pugh of Leighton pedigree, infra, 
p. 229). 

6. Mary Pryce, mentioned in her father's will; died un- 
married. 

7. Ann Pryce, married William Parry of Welshpool (see 
supra, p. 214). 

vi. DAVID PARRY (son of Edward Parry of the Dairy 
and Anne his wife) of Cliirbury Hall, born 29th 
January 1741, Hereditary Burgess of Welshpool, 1773; 



WELSH POOL. 219 

married Mary, the daughter of (who died 14th 

February 1825, aged 80). He died at Chirbury, 14th 
March 1794, and left two sons and four daughters 

1. Mary Parry, died at Chirbury, 22nd March 1847, aged 76 
years, unmarried. 

2. Elizabeth Parry, died 19th November 1844, aged 72 years, 
unmarried. 

3. David Parry, died 29th May 1848, aged 72 years, unmar- 
ried. 

4. Edward Parry, died 25th January 1852, aged 73 years, 
unmarried. 

5. Sarah Parry, died 18th November 1842, aged 60 years, 
unmarried. 

6. Ann Parry, married twice >first, Capt. Dakin ; secondly, 
"William Edmunds, and died, leaving no issue. 

vii. SARAH PARRY (daughter of Edward Parry of the 
Dairy and Anne his wife) ; baptism not found ; married 
twice first, CHARLES ROCKE of Welsh pool, Attorn ey- 
at-law (who had been previously married, and had one 
daughter, Elizabeth, who died 1st May 1835, aged 68). 
Charles Rocke died 3rd May 1779, aged 38 years, 
having made his will, dated 29th July 1778, and proved 
at St. Asaph by Sarah Rocke, his widow, 7th May 
1779, in which he mentions his three children, herein- 
after mentioned, and his brother-in-law, David Parry of 
Chirbury Hall. 

She married, secondly, GEORGE BIBBY of Welshpool, 
schoolmaster, and by him had three children, herein- 
after mentioned. She survived her husband. 

By her first marriage with Charles Rocke she had 
issue 

1. Charles Rocke, born circa 1768. When sixteen years of 
age, in 1784, he went to Richmond, in America; married 
there, in 1804, Mary Archer, of county of Chesterfield, 
and died in 1820, leaving one child 

i. Eliza Trent Rocke, married to Simon Cullen, born in Dublin ; 
emigrated to America. Was in England circa 1830. 

2. WILLIAM ROCKE of London, in Messrs. Hankey's bank for 
many years ; married Charlotte Jenkins. There was at 
one time a monumental inscription to his memory in 
Shoreditch Church (for which church his grandson, the 

Q2 



220 WELSH POOL. 

Rev. Frederick Cox, M.A., was afterwards Senior Curate). 

He left two children 
i. Sarah Ross Rocke. 

ii. Charlotte Rocke, married John Horatio Cox of Birmingham, 
and died, having had five children, viz. 

1. John Jevons Cox, now in Paris as correspondent of the 
London Standard newspaper. 

2. Rev. Frederick Cox, born 1842, of Wadham College, 
Oxford; B.A., 1877; Curate of Shoreditch Church; after- 
wards appointed Vicar of St. Philip's, Dalston, London, 
1880. 

3. Rev. William Albert Cox, born 1844, of St. John's College, 
Cambridge ; B.A., 1867 ; M.A., 1870 ; Fellow and Dean of 
St. John's College. 

4. Anna Elizabeth Cox, died unmarried. 

5. Mary Sarah Cox of Edgbaston, living 1886. 

3. Sarah Rocke of Welshpool, born 1st June 1773, died un- 
married, 1st May 1849. Her will, dated 21st March 1849, 
proved at Canterbury, 20th September 1849 ; in it she 
mentions her sister, Mary Jeavons ; her niece, Sarah Ross 
Rocke ; her niece, Charlotte Cox ; and Anna Bibby, her 
sister and executrix. 

By her second marriage with GEORGE BLBBY, Sarah 
his wife had three children 

1. Mary Bibby, married Thomas Jeavons of London, a cele- 
brated engraver, who engraved (amongst others) Turner's 
works. She died 22nd April 1874, aged 85 ; and he died 
26th November 1867, aged 73 (M. I., Christchurch, Welsh- 
pool), and they had no issue. 

2. Anna Bibby of Welshpool, died in Birmingham, unmar- 
ried. Will dated 8th October 1861, and proved at Can- 
terbury ; in it she mentions her nieces, Catherine Bibby, 
Sarah Ellen Susannah Wood, and Sarah Ross Rocke ; also 
three of the children of her sister, Charlotte Cox, deceased, 
viz., Mary Sarah Cox, Frederick Cox, William Albert 
Cox ; also her nephews, Henry Bibby, George Williams 
Bibby, William Rocke Bibby, and Albert Bibby. 

3. George Henry Bibby, merchant, died, having been mar- 
ried, and had seven children, viz. 

i. Catherine Bibby, living 1886. 

ii. Sarah Ellen Susannah Bibby, married, llth July 1861, Rev. 
John Cooper Wood, of St. John's College, Cambridge ; B.A., 
1860; M.A., 1863, Vicar of Clive, Shropshire. 

iii. Henry Bibby of London, deceased, leaving issue. 



WELSH POOL. 221 

iv. William Rocke Bibby of York, engraver, married Rebecca 

Drake, and deceased, leaving issue. 

v. Thomas Parry Bibby, married, and deceased, leaving issue, 
vi. George Williams Bibby. 
vii. Rev. Albert Bibby of King's College, London, Vicar of 

Gouray, Jersey. 

viii. MARY PARRY (daughter of Edward Parry of the 
Dairy and Anne his wife), born circa 1746 ; married 
twice first, a Mr. Briscoe ; secondly, in 1778, Rev. 
WILLIAM WILLIAMS (of Dolanog), M.A. ; Rector of 
Llanfyllin, 1774 ; Newtown, 1794 ; Llangadfan, 1796 ; 
R.D., J.P. He died 1813, and she died llth February 
1829, aged 79 (M. L, Welshpool Church), having had 
three children 

1. Rev. William Williams, died a bachelor ; was a Scholar of 
Jesus College, Oxford. 

2. Mary Williams, born 1782; married, in 1816, Captain 
Jacques Pierre Augeraud, a French prisoner, afterwards 
Governor of Loches, in France, and died at Loches, leav- 
ing issue 

i. William Pierre Jacques Augeraud, born 1821, Captain in the 
French Army ; married Julia, daughter of William Hedges of 
London (who died in 1886), and died at Loches in 1869,' 
having had three children i, Mary Julia Nelly, married 
J. W. Groves; ii, William ; iii, Francis Killingworth. 

ii. Euphrasie Therese Mary Augeraud, married M. Joli de Bussy 
of Paris, and has a daughter. 

3. John Williams of Shrewsbury, solicitor, born 1784; mar- 
ried, 6th July 1818, Mary, daughter and co-heiress of 
Thomas Pryce of London and Henllys (of the Newtown 
Hall family). She died 25th November 1865, in London; 
buried at Manafon. He died 6th March 1841, buried at 
St. Giles, Shrewsbury, leaving five children 

i. William Parry Williams, Lieutenant H.M. 17th Regiment, 
also Royal Montgomery Yeomanry Cavalry, and J.P., born 
Hth September 1829; married, 17th April 1855, Elizabeth 
Mary, daughter of Captain Charles Chaplin, R.E. (who sur- 
vived her husband, and married, secondly, Captain John Pryce 
Mackinnon), and died 2nd March 1859, at Caerhowel, leaving 
two children 

1. William Charles Armstrong Williams of Redhill, Surrey, 
born 26th June 1857. 

2. Eva Elizabeth Frances Williams. 



222 



WELSH POOL. 



ii. Thomas John Williams of Henllys,born 22nd November 1831 ; 
Exhibitioner of University College, Oxford ; B.A., 1855 ; M.A., 
1857, in Holy Orders ; Deacon, 1856 ; Priest, 1858 ; Eector 
of Waddesdon, Bucks, and Vicar of Over Winchendon, and 
R.D. 

iii. Mary Jane Williams. 

iv. Eliza Martha Williams. 

v. Harriette Pryce Williams. 

IX. A daughter, who married John Morris, Welsh- 
pool, Hereditary Burgess, 1779. They had a son, 
John Morris the younger, whose widow, Eleanora, 
afterwards married George Gould of Golfa (see Gould 
pedigree, supra, p. 208). She survived her husband, 
and died 21st August 1841, aged 88 years, and was 
buried at Welshpool, M. I. 



WELSH POOL. 223 



PARRY OF LEIGHTON. 

EDWARD PARRY (son of Edward Parry of the Dairy 
and Anne his wife; see supra, p. 215), Hereditary 
Burgess ofWelshpool, 1773; married Anne, daughter of 
Thomas Vaughan of Trelystan. Will dated June 1774; 
proved at Doctors' Commons in November following. 
In it are mentioned his four sons Edward, David, 
Thomas, and John and three of his daughters Jane, 
Mary, and Elizabeth. He died 26th June 1774, and his 
wife died 24th October 1773, and they were buried at 
Welshpool. He left eight children 

i. MARY PARRY (daughter of Edward Parry of 
Leighton and Anne his wife), born 15th April 1748; 
married, 7th February 1780, at Trelystan, Henry Owen 
of Pool (Hereditary Burgess, 1 794). She died and left 
three children 

1. John Owen of Pool, an Hereditary Burgess, 1822 ; died at 
Welshpool, unmarried. 

2. Mary Owen, died unmarried. 

3. Thomas Owen, an Hereditary Burgess of Welshpool, 1822 ; 
married, at Mitcham, Surrey, in 1830, Charlotte Matilda, 
second daughter of James Moore of Manor House, Mit- 
cham, and died leaving four children 

i. Frederic Owen, 
ii. Henry Owen, married to Emily, daughter of T. B. Barrett, 

and died without issue, 
iii. Matilda, 
iv. Emily, married, and in Australia. 

ii. JAKE PARRY (daughter of Edward Parry of 
Leighton and Anne his wife)/born 16th April 1752 ; 
married at Trelystan, 1st June 1772, William Bryan 
of Forden, and died 16th February 1846, and left one 
son and two daughters 

1. Edward Bryan, married Sarah, daughter of Thomas Davies 
of The Moors, and died 3rd March 1858, leaving three 
daughters 

i. Jane Bryan, married, on 20th June 1852, Cornelius Pugh, 
then of Wernllwyd, and now of Oak Villa, Leighton (see Pugh 



224 WELSH POOL. 

of Leighton pedigree, infra, p. 229), and died on 15th Decem- 
ber 1882, leaving two daughters 1, Mary Jane Pugh; 2, Sarah 
Elizabeth Pugh. 
ii. Sarah Bryan, married Richard Goolden of Guilsfield, and died 

on 6th April 1862, without issue, 
iii. Elizabeth. 

2. Ann Bryan, married to Field Evans of Henfaes (see Evans 
pedigree, supra, p. 166) (who died 14th July 1853, aged 
83), and died 13th March 1855, aged 77 (M. I., Welshpool), 
without issue. 

3. Jane Bryan, married Thomas Davies of Mathrafal, and 
died leaving three sons and one daughter 

i. Thomas Davies; ii, Edward Davies, living 1886; iii, David 

Davies, died unmarried. 

iv. Ann Davies, who married, August 1828, John Richards of 
Greenhall, Llanfyllin, and died 19th March 1886, having had 
ten children 

1. John Richards, born 25th May 1829 ; married a daughter 
of Edward Ward of Crickheath, and died October 1874, 
leaving three sons and two daughters. 

2. Jane Elizabeth Richards, married, 21st April 1857, 
Evan Davies Lloyd, and has four children i, Mary Jane, 
married Thomas Powell, bank manager, Ironbridge (see 
Powell pedigree, supra, p. 196), and has issue one sou, 
Llewelyn Vavasour Powell ; ii, John Evan Lloyd, born 4th 
June 1862; iii, Herbert Lloyd, born 25th July 1863; iv, 
Edgar Davies Lloyd, born 25th March 1866. 

3. William Richards, born 15th August 1834, of Wynnstay 
Arms Hotel, Ruthin ; married Mrs. Griffiths, and has two 

' children. 

4. Thomas Richards, born 4th January 1837 ; married Letitia 
Lloyd, and has a son and a daughter. 

5. Rev. Edward Richards, born 1st April 1839 ; M.A., Jesus 
Coll., Oxford; Vicar of Dolanog;and died January 1868, 
unmarried. 

6. Anna Maria Richards, married, 15th December 1868, Rev. 
James Hughes Owen, B.A., Jesus College, Oxon., Chaplain 
of the Brompton Hospital, and has two children i, Mya 
Mary Hughes; ii, lago Hughes, boru 21st February 1876. 

7. David Richards, born 6th February 1846, of Royal Oak 
Hotel, Welshpool ; married, 26th May 1874, Emma, daugh- 
ter of William Dutton of Castle Hotel, Conway, and has 
five children i, David Harold Richards, born 28th January 

1878 ; ii, Godfrey Dutton Richards, born 2nd April 1879 ; 

iii, Myra Dutton Richards; iv, Norah Bryan Richards ; v, 

Winifred Ann Richards. 



WELSH POOL. 225 

8. Mary Bryan Richards, married, 8th September 1879, 
Thomas Davies, bank manager, Welshpool, and has three 
children i, William Bryan Davies, born 21st August 1881 ; 
ii, Dora Mary Davies; iii, Gilbert Davies, born 14th May 
1884. 

9. Robert Richards, born 1st October 1849 ; married, 8th 
November 1884, Sarah, daughter of Edward Green, of the. 
Bank, Pool Quay, and has one son born February 1886. 

10. George Field Richards, born 23rd September 1851, late of 
Castlefields, Shrewsbury, now of Wellington, Ontario, 
Canada ; married Catherine, daughter of Samuel Juckes of 
Mardol, Shrewsbury, and has three children. 

ill. ANN PARRY (daughter of Edward Parry of Leigh- 
ton, and Anne his wife), born 27th March 1754 ; mar- 
ried at Trelystan, 16th October 1771, Thomas Pugh 
of Whitehouse. " It was a runaway match when she 
was only 17 years old. She went to church on a 
pillion behind Mr. Smith of the Heldre." The witness 
is "John Smith, Heldre". She died 1st March 1840, 
and was buried at Trelystan, leaving sixteen children 
(see Pugh of Leighton pedigree, infra, p. 228). 

iv. Elizabeth Parry (daughter of Edward Parry of 
Leighton and Anne his wife), born circa 1759 ; married 
her cousin, Gilbert Ross of Llanerchydol, elder son of 
Gilbert Ross and Anne his wife, daughter of Edward 
Parry of the Dairy (see supra, p. 215). He died 2nd 
October 1815, aged 60, and she died 16th August 1825, 
aged 66, without issue (M. I., Welshpool). 

v. Edward Parry (son of Edward Parry of Leighton 
and Anne his wife) of Severn Cottage, died there 25th 
February 1825, aged 63 (M. I., Welshpool), unmarried. 

vi. JOHN PARRY (son of Edward Parry of Leighton 
and Anne his wife), baptised at Trelystan, 8th April 
1764 ; married, and died, having had four children 

1. Ann Parry, died at Welshpool, 23rd January 1836, aged 
49 (M. L, Welshpool). 

2. Elizabeth Parry, died in London, 30th July 1870. 

3. Thomas Parry of Welshpool, married, 22nd November 
1825, Elizabeth, daughter of Maurice Jones of Leighton, 
and died 6th September 1879, leaving one son and one 
daughter 



226 WELSH POOL. 

i. Edward Parry of the Hope, born 4th September 1827 ; married 
Eliza, daughter of William Leightou, and has four children 
1, David Thomas Parry, born 27th June 1859 ; 2, Edward 
"William Parry, born 4th May 1864 ; 3, John Morris Parry, 
born 20th August 1866 ; 4, Thomas Jeffreys Parry, born 2nd 
August 1873. 

ii. Mary Ann Parry, married, 16th September 1860, Thomas 
Higgins of Buttington ; both are dead, leaving six children 
1, James, born 9th April 1866, deceased; 2, Thomas, born 
3rd April 1868 ; 3, Elizabeth Maria; 4, Mary Ann ; 5, Eliza 
Mary; 6, Catherina. 

4. Edward Parry of London, married, in 1824, Martha, 
daughter of John Whiting of Oxford, and had two sur- 
viving sons, Thomas Parry and John Parry, both of Lon- 
don (who were legatees under the will of David Parry of 
Severn Cottage), and one daughter, Anne Martha Parry, 
married, 26th April 1856, Thomas Davies, 121, High 
Holborn, London (see Pugh of Leighton pedigree, infra, 
p. 233), and has eight children 

i. Edward Parry Davies of London, born 30th July 1858 ; mar- 
ried, 31st July 1879, Amelia, daughter of John Wood of Lon- 
don. 

ii. Thomas Alexander Davies of London, born 3rd March 1863; 
married, 25th September 1883, Florence, daughter of George 
Mann of London, and has one son, Gulliver Thomas George 
Davies, born 31st October 1884. 
iii. Gilbert Pugh Davies, born 18th April 1864. 
iv. William Edgar Davies, born 15th May 1865. 
v. Joseph Pugh Davies, born 25th February 1868. 
vi. Lucy Anne Davies. 
vii. Mary Elizabeth Davies. 
viii. Florence Edith Davies. 

vii. DAVID PARRY (son of Edward Parry of Leighton 
and Anne his wife) of Severn Cottage ; died there 
29th September 1856, aged 85 (M. I, Welshpool), un- 
married. 

viii. THOMAS PARRY (son of Edward Parry of Leigh- 
ton and Anne his wife), born 1776. Went to the East 
Indies, and founded at Madras the eminent mercantile 
firm of " Parry and Co.", which still exists. In his will, 
dated 4th March 1823, he mentions his wife, Mary 
Parry, and makes the children of his late brother John, 
his sisters Jane Bryan and Ann Pugh, and the children 



WELSH POOL. 



227 



of his sister Mary Owen, his residuary legatees. He 
died at Porto Novo, 14th August 1824, without issue 
(see a Biographical Sketch of him as a " Montgomery- 
shire Worthy", infra, p. 243). 



NOTE. 

It will be seen that there have been three families of Parry con- 
nected with Welshpool, all resident long in the neighbourhood 
i. Parry of Llanerchydol (see vol. xvii, p. 351). 
ii. Parry of Welshpool, benefactors to the Welshpool Almshouses 

(see supra, p. 148). 
iii. Parry of the Dairy, and afterwards of Leighton (see supra, 

p. 214). 

The members of each of these families were Hereditary Burgesses 
of Welshpool from an early period, which appears from the following 
list : 



1678. Humphrey Parry, 
Bailiff. 

1700. Humphrey Parry. 

1727. Henry Parry, Vi- 
car of Guilsfield. 
Humphrey Parry 
of Henton. 



ii. 
1690. Thomas Parry, 

Bailiff. 

1700. Thomas Parry: 
1721. Humphrey Parry 

of Moydoch. 
1728. Thomas Parry, 

Bailiff. 



in. 

1690. Kichard Parry of 
Disserth, " wh ose 
ancestors are 
mentioned in 
the old Eyle". 

1773. Edward Parry, 
Leighton Hall, 
an Hereditary 



David Parry, 

Leighton. 

1818. David Parry, 

Leighton Hall. 

The three families were also possessed of properties contiguous to 
each other in or uear Llanerchydol. 

From these two circumstances, and from the reference to ancestors 
of Richard Parry in 1690 being " mentioned in the old Eyle", a strong 
inference, it is conceived, arises, that the three families had a com- 
mon origin ; but we have been unable to discover any further evidence 
of connection between any of them. There is a tradition that the 
" Parrys" No. in originally came into the neighbourhood of Welsh- 
pool from Anglesey, and that they introduced the black cattle of that 
district into this county. But whether this tradition referred to 
that branch exclusively, or to a stem common to the three branches, 
it is impossible to say. The tradition does not necessarily negative 
the original unity of the three branches. 

The Parrys of Leighton lived in good old style. One of the con- 
nections say that " he has often heard his father talk about spending 
Christmas Day at Leighton Hall, when he was a child ; he said they 
drew in the Yule log with a horse ! " 



228 WELSH POOL. 



PUGH OF LEIGHTON. 

i. EVAN PUGH of Woolstalmine (Leigh ton), and 
Mary his wife, were parties to a post-nuptial settle- 
ment, dated 23rd April 1729, of their son, Thomas 
Pugh (u) of the same place, therein described as their 
" eldest son and heir apparent", of whom presently. 
Joseph Pugh of Leighton was also a party to such 
settlement. 

ii. THOMAS PUGH of Woolstalmine (Leighton), mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Maurice Jones of Leighton 
(who died 13th June 1795, aged 86, M. I., Trelystan) ; 
Hereditary Burgess of Welshpool, 1707; died 29th 
October 1750, aged 54 (M. I., Trelystan), and had ten 
children 

1. Margaret Pugh, baptised at Trelystan, 17th December 
1727 ; married, 29th July 1756, Thomas Price of But- 
tington. 

2. Thomas Pugh, baptised 12th March 1729, buried 14th 
August 1730. 

3. Mary Pugh, baptised 13th September 1731. 

4. Evan Pugh, baptised 25th January 1733 ; married, 5th 
June 1766, Mary Eoberts. 

5. Elizabeth Pugh. baptised 4th or 24th October 1 736 ; mar- 
ried, 9th January 1761, William Jacks. 

6. Jane Pugh, baptised 8th July 1739; married, 9th May 
1758, Edward Holloway. 

7. Martha Pugh, baptised 2nd February 1741 ; married, 9th 
January 1764, John Fox. 

8. Sarah Pugh, baptised 17th November 1744. 

9. Ann Pugh, baptised 19th September 1746. 

10. THOMAS PUGH of Whitehouse, of whom presently. 

in. THOMAS PUGH of Whitehouse, Leighton, baptised 
17th November 1749; Hereditary Burgess of Welshpool, 
1776; married, 16th October 1771, Ann Parry (daugh- 
ter of Edward Parry of Leighton and Anne his wife; see 
Parry pedigree, p. 225), who was born on 27th March 
1 754, and was only in her 18th year. It was a runa- 
way match, and she went to church on a pillion, behind 
Mr. Smith of the Heldre, whose signature witnesses 



WELSH POOL. 229 

her marriage. He died 21st April 1834, and she, 1st 
March 1840 (M. I., Trelystan). They had sixteen 
children, ten sons and six daughters, viz. 

i. THOMAS PUGH of Wernllwyd, baptised 23rd March 
1773 ; sworn Hereditary Burgess of Welshpool, 1815, 
and died 29th October 1821, having married twice 
first, Elizabeth Jones, and had no issue; secondly, 20th 
June 1801, at St. Mary's, Shrewsbury, Sarah, daughter 
of Thomas Jones, and by her had one son and two 
daughters 

1. Cornelius Pugh, formerly of Wernllwyd, but now of Oak 
Villa, Leighton, born 21th April 1802, living 1886 ; mar- 
ried, 20th June 1853, Jane, daughter of Edward Bryan, by 
Sarah Davies his wife (see Parry of Leighton pedigree, p. 
224), who died 15th December 1882, leaving two daughters 
i. Mary Jane Pugh ; ii, Sarah Elizabeth Pugh. 

2. Sarah Pugh, died 14th September 1852, aged 43 (M. L, 
Welshpool). 

3. Elizabeth Pugh, married, 30th May 1832, Joseph Wigley, 
banker, Shrewsbury. He died 7th August 1859, and she 
died 4th November 1868, having had one son and five 
daughters 

i. Son, died early. 

ii. Anne Wigley, married, 10th September 1861, Robert Josiah 
Wilkinson of Shrewsbury (see Bowen of Tyddyn pedigree, 
supra, p. 189), and had four children 

1. Robert Wigley Wilkinson, born 19th January 1867. 

2. Ernest Wightman Wilkinson, born 26th December 1877. 

3. Elizabeth Mary Wilkinson ; 4, Anne Catherine Wilkinson, 
iii. Jane Wigley ; iv, Sarah Elizabeth Wigley ; v, Mary Anna 

Wigley ; vi, Emily Wigley. All died unmarried. 

ii. JANE PUGH, baptised 4th November 1774 ; mar- 
ried, 25th April 1809, Richard Griffiths of Welshpool 
(who died 7th April 1830), and died 13th October 
1851, having had three children 

1. John, born 1811 ; married, and died, leaving no children. 

2. Richard Griffiths, born 8th February 1816, and died 7th 
October 1842, unmarried. 

S.Mary Griffiths of Welshpool, died 18th December 1863, 
unmarried and intestate. Administration of her effects 
granted to her aunts, Elizabeth Pugh and Sarah, the 
wife of Alderman Thomas Jones, as her sole next-of-kin. 



230 WELSH POOL. 

in. EDWARD PUGH of Welshpool, born 15fch January 
1777 ; Hereditary Burgess of Welshpool, 1809 ; Bailiff 
of Welshpool nine times, between 1809 and 1832 ; 
Mayor of Welshpool, 1837; married Sarah Baker, 
and died 17th February 1851, leaving an only child 

1. Mary Pugh, married, 1842, John Edmunds of Edderton 
(who died llth August 1858), and died 27th January 
1868, leaving two children 
i. Richard John Edmunds of Edderton, formerly Lieutenant 

Montgomeryshire Yeomanry Cavalry ; J.P. co. Montgomery ; 

Sheriff of Montgomeryshire, 1875. 
ii. Elizabeth Edmunds, married Rev. Canon Howell Evans, M.A., 

Vicar of Oswestry, and has four children. 

iv. WILLIAM PUGH of Luggy, and afterwards of Red 
House, Guilsfield, baptised February 1779 ; Hereditary 
Burgess of Welshpool, 1815 ; married Jane, daughter 
of Thomas Vaughan of Trelystan, died 18..., buried at 
Guilsfield, having had six children 

1. Thomas Pugh, deceased. 

2. Joseph Pugh, died unmarried, buried at Trelystan. 

3. John Pugh, died unmarried, buried in London. 

4. David Pugh, married Amy Pugh, and died 31st December 
1861, without issue, leaving his widow surviving. 

5. Mary Pugh, married Samuel Evans Morris (who died 
13th December 1850, aged 46 years), and died 23rd June 
1883, having had six children 

i. David Pugh Morris, born 24th November 1845, and died 

13th April 1852. 
ii. Samuel Evans Morris, died 23rd March 1869, in his 25th 

year (M. I., Christchurch, Welshpool). 
iii. John Pugh Morris, died 28th May 1873, in his 25th year 

(ILL). 
iv. William Morris, who by deed poll, dated 15th February 1876, 

took the additional surname of Pugh, in compliance with the 

provisions of the will of his aunt, Sarah Pugh of Bryntirion ; 

married Eliza, daughter of William Richards, and has three 

sons. 

v. Joseph Pugh Morris, 
vi. Mary Jane Morris, living 1886. 

6. Sarah Pugh of Bryntirion, died unmarried, 22nd January 
1876, having by her will devised certain property to her 
nephew, William Morris, on condition of his taking the 
additional surname of Pugh. 

v. DAVID PUGH, formerly of Madras, afterwards of 



WELSH POOL. 231 

Park Lane, Welshpool; born 22nd July 1781; Here- 
ditary Burgess of Welshpool, 1830 ; died in London, 
18th March 1837, unmarried. 

vi. MARY PUGH, baptised 26th June 1783 ; married, 
5th November 1813, Bichard Goolden, formerly of 
Bridgenorth, afterwards of Welshpool and Guilsfield 
(who was born 13th April 1778, and died 8th June 
1865), died 25th February 1861, having had nine child- 
ren, viz. 

1. John Goolden, born 28th December 1814 ; educated at 
Addiscombe ; a Cadet in the Army, East India Company ; 
died at Madras, 9th June 1834, unmarried. 

2. Eichard Goolden of Guilsfield, born 25th April 1816 ; mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Edward Bryan (see Parry of Leigh- 
ton pedigree, p. 224). She died 6th April 1862, without 
issue. 

3. Joseph Goolden, formerly of Madras, a Magistrate of that 
city ; Consul for H.M. the King of the Belgians ; Marshal 
of H.M. Vice- Admiralty Court, and Eeceiver of Droits of 
Admiralty, etc., now of No. 18, Lancaster Gate, London, 
born 2nd February 1818; married Julia Pugh, and has 
three sons and three daughters 

i. Charles Joseph Gooldeu, born 1856. 

ii. Percy Pugh Goolden, born 1861 ; B.A., Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge ; called to the Bar, May 1886, Lincoln's Inn, Chancery Bar. 
iii. Herbert Richard Goolden, born 1863 ; articled to the Law. 
iv. Lucy Matilda Goolden. 
v. Ada Julia Goolden. 
vi. Maud Mary Goolden. 

4. Mary Ann Goolden, married, 13th September 1839, John 
Griffiths of Welshpool (who died 30th June 1860), by 
whom she has seven children 

i. John William Griffiths, born 2nd June 1842, formerly of 

Madras, now of Maesyngarreg, Welshpool. 
ii. Joseph Henry Griffiths, born 18th June 1843 ; married, 20th 

December 1869, Rosa Spalding Winstone, and has five 

children 1, Gilbert Griffiths; 2, Percy Griffiths; 3, John 

Parry Griffiths ; 4, Joseph Winstone Griffiths ; 5, Winifred 

Ada Griffiths. 

iii. Charles Walter Griffiths, born 24th September 1844. 
iv. Richard Edward Griffiths, born 17th January 1848 ; married, 

12th February 1877, Elizabeth Ann Ashley of Wick, co. 

Gloucester, and has one child, Ashley Edward Griffiths. 
v. George Arthur Griffiths, born 2nd May 1850. 
vi. Eliza Mary Griffiths, married, 31st March 1868, Thomas 



232 WELSH POOL. 

Kemble Williams, who died 29th October 1875, leaving three 
children. 

vii. Lucy Anne Griffiths, married, 24th September 1884, Samuel 
Morris, Welshpool. 

5. Elizabeth Goolden, living 1886. 

6. Harriet Goolden, died 14th December 1883, unmarried. 

7. Christiana Goolden, living at Guilsfield, 1886. 

8. Sarah Goolden, living 1886. 

9. Anne Jane Goolden, married, in 1852, Dr. James Shaw, 
Inspector-General Medical Department, Madras Army, 
and died 19th September 1862, in Madras, leaving six 
children. 

vii. JOHN PCTGH, born 9th October 1785, of Somerset 
House, London, and died at Cheltenham. 24th August 
1849, unmarried. 

vin. EVAN PUGH, born 5th August 1787, and died at 
Trelystan, 21st April 1834, unmarried. 

ix. CORNELIUS PUGH, of Philpot Lane, London, after- 
wards of Bryntirion, Welshpool, born 26th June 1789 ; 
married twice first, 24th September 1827, Catherine, 
daughter of Edward Davies and Catherine his wife, 
sometime of Trefeen, Kerry, daughter of ... Pryce ; 
secondly, Jane, daughter of Thomas Gardner and Eliza- 
beth, his wife. By his first marriage he had four sons 

I.David Thomas Pugh, born 2nd March 1829, died 5th 
January 1851, s. p. 

2. Cornelius Pugh, born 20th October 1830, and died 4th 
August 1869, s.p. 

3. Edward Pugh, born 7th November 1832, and died 29th 
April 1865, s. p. 

4. WILLIAM PUGH, born 24th July 1838 ; married, 10th De- 
cember 1870, his first cousin, Sarah Jane, younger daugh- 
ter of Alderman Thomas Jones and Sarah Pugh his wife, 
of Welshpool (see infra, p. 235), and has had two sons and 
seven daughters 

i. EDGAR WILLIAM PUGH, born 27th September 1871. 
ii. Philip Lionel Pngh, born 2nd June 1883. 

iii. Katharine Gwendoline Pugh ; iv, Mabel Gwynedd Pugh ; v, 
Gertrude Sarah Elizabeth Pugh ; vi, Evelyn Mary Caroline 
Pugh ; vii, Gladys Emmeline Pugh ; viii, Beatrice Annie 
Pugh ; ix, Sybil Maud Pugh. 

By his second marriage Cornelius Pugh had three 
children 



WELSH POOL. 233 

1. David Thomas Pugh, born 14th July 1858, died 23rd 
December 1868. 

2. Herbert Pugh, born 8th March 1860. 

3. Bertha Pugh. 

Cornelius Pugh died 29th April, 1864, and was buried 
at Christchurch, Welshpool. 

x. ANN PUGH, born 1790, died young, buried 29th 
September 1790. 

xi. ANN PUGH, born 8th October 1791; married, 
August 1814, Edward Davies of Welshpool (who was 
bom 18th October 1790, and died 12th July 1860). 
She died 30th March 1851, having had thirteen chil- 
dren, viz. 

1. Elizabeth Davies, married Edward Humphreys of Welsh- 
pool, and had three children. 

2. Alexander Davies of Glyndwr, Welshpool, born 16th 
October 1816; married twice first, Mary Abbotson; 
secondly, Anna Mary Moiser (see Parry of Dairy pedigree, 
p. 214). 

3. Edward Thomas Davies, born 21st November 1817, and 
died 22nd January 1869, unmarried. 

4. Ann Davies, living, unmarried, 1886. 

5. Mary Davies, married John Davies of Liverpool ; died and 
left three children i, Ruth Davies ; ii, John Davies ; iii, 
Alexander Davies. 

6. Thomas Davies, 121, Holborn, London, born 8th January 
1824, married Anne Martha Parry, daughter of Edward 
Parry (see Parry of Leighton pedigree, p. 226), and has 
eight children 

i. Edward Parry Davies of London, born 31st July 1858 ; 
married, 31st July 1879, Amelia, daughter of John Wood of 
London. 

ii. Thomas Alexander Davies, born 3rd March 1863; married, 
25th September 1883, Florence, daughter of George Mann of 
London, and has one son, Gulliver Thomas George Davies, born 
31st October 1884. 

iii. Gilbert Pugh Davies, born 18th April 1864. 
iv. William Edgar Davies, born 15th May 1865. 
v. Joseph Pugh Davies, born 25th February 1868. 
vi. Lucy Anne Davies. 
vii. Mary Elizabeth Davies. 
viii. Florence Edith Davies. 
VOL. XIX. R 



2M4 WELSH POOL. 

7. Evan Pugh Davies, born December 1825, of New York, 
and died 16th July 1865, leaving two children. 

8 Joseph Davies, born 7th February 1828, died 27th Febru- 
ary 1874, unmarried. 

9. Sarah Rachel Davies, deceased. 

10. John Davies; 11, James Davies twins; born 27th Feb- 
ruary 1831 ; both deceased. The former went to America, 
and the latter died, 14th August 1865, unmarried. 

12. Jane Davies, married John Tomley. 

13. Cornelius Davies, born 13th January 1834, deceased. 

xii. CHAKLES PUGH, baptised 14th July 1793 ; mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Thomas Jones of Newtown, 
and died 17th November 1852, leaving one child 

1. Ann Pugh, died in Liverpool, 18..., unmarried. 

xni. GILBERT PUGH, baptised 14th December 1794; 
married Anne, daughter of Thomas Jones of Marton, 
and died 20th October 1859, without issue. 

xiv. ELIZABETH PUGH, baptised 31st May 1796 ; now 
living at Pentre, Leighton, 1886. 

xv. JOSEPH PUGH, baptised 16th July 1797, formerly 
of Madras, and afterwards of No. 23, Lancaster Gate, 
London, and died 7th September 1877. 

xvi. SARAH PUGH, born 5th September 1798; married, 
18th June 1830, Alderman Thomas Jones of Clive 
Place, Welshpool ; Mayor of Welshpool, 1867-8. Both 
living in 1886, and have three children 

I.Thomas Pugh Jones, born 12th May 1831; marriec 
llth April 1864, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Savin of 
Oswestry. 

2. Anne Elizabeth Jones, married, llth April 1861, Alder- 
man John Thomas of Ardmillan, Oswestry, and has had 
twelve children 

i. John Llewelyn Pugh Thomas, born 26th February 1862. 
ii. Thomas David Thomas, born 8th July 1863. 
iii. Richard Cobden Thomas, born 12th June 1865. 
iv. Robert Gilbert Thomas, born 30th January 1867, and died 

24th November 1879. 
v. Edith Sarah Thomas. 

vi. Anne Mary Louise Thomas, died 4th April 1876. 
vii. Elizabeth Maud Thomas, died 7th December 1878. 
viii. Alice Gertrude Thomas, died 5th September 1875. 



WELSH POOL. 235 

ix. Amy Gertrude Thomas. 

x. Rupert Gerald Thomas, born 30th September 1880. 
xi. William Basil Wynn Thomas, born 6th April 1883. 
xii. Olive Dorothy Ellen Thomas. 

3. Sarah Jane Jones, married, on 10th December 1870, her 
cousin, William Pugh, fourth but eldest surviving son of 
Cornelius Pugh of Bryntirion (see supra, p. 232), and has 
two sons and seven daughters. 



APPENDIX TO THE PUGH PEDIGREE. 
Extracts from tfte Trelystan Register. 

THE PUGHS. 

Joyce, daughter of Joseph and Blanche Pugh, baptized 1 7th Jan. 1659. 

Thomas, son 20th Nov. 1660. 

Charles, son 17th July 1662. 

Joseph, son 4th Oct. 1667. 

Blanche, wife of Joseph Pugh, farmer, buried 10th Feb. 1701. 

Richard Cound and Joyce Pugh, married 8th June 1683. 

Thomas, son of John Pugh and his wife, baptized 1st May 1689. 

George Pugh, buried llth January 1687. 

Richard Morgans and Elizabeth Pugh were married 14th May 1694. 

George Pugh and Margaret Purcell were married 7th May 1700. 

Margaret, wife of George Pugh, was buried 3rd March 1724. 

George Pugh was buried 17th April 1728. 

Thomas Pugh and Margaret Gittins were married 4th May 1703. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Margaret Pugh, was baptized 3rd De- 
cember 1704. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Margaret Pugh, was buried 8th Feb. 1 704. 

Joseph Pugh of Trelystan, and Elizabeth Munslow of High Ercall, 
married 24th April 1706. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Pugh, of Leighton, was 
baptized 10th January 1707. 

Sarah, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Pugh, baptized 21st Oct. 
1710. 

Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Pugh, was buried 7th December 1714. 

Joseph Pugh, farmer, was buried 19th February 1724. 

Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Pugh, was buried 20th June 1728. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Anu Pugh, buried 27th Sept. 1728. 

Rice (Ricus), son of Evan and Mary Pugh, baptized 4th Oct. 1713. 

Ann Pugh of Chirbury, baptized llth November 1719. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Pugh of Mainstone, buried 1st July 
1719. 

Richard, son of John and Margaret Pugh, baptized 7th Sept. 1729. 

Roger Howells of Poole, and Elizabeth Pugh of Trelystan, married 
28th April 1732. 

R 2 






236 WELSH POOL. 

Evan Pugh and Mary Ingram were married 1st March 1730. 
Jane, daughter of Evan and Mary Pugh, baptized 25th Jan. 1733. 
Mary, daughter ,, 7th Feb. 1749. 

Mary, daughter of William and Jane Pugh 24th July 1726. 
Jane, dau. 18th Oct. 1728. 

Thomas, son 13th Junel731. 

Thomas, son ,, buried 4th May 1732. 

William, son baptized 2nd March 1731. 

Thomas, son llth April 1736. 

Margaret, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth Pugh 1 7th Dec. 1 727. 
Thomas, son 12th March 1729. 

Thomas, son ,, buried 14th Aug. 1730. 

Mary, dau. baptized 13th Sept. 1731. 

Evan, son 25th Jan. 1733. 

Elizabeth, dau. 4th (or 24th) 

Oct. 1736. 

Jane, dau. 8th July 1739. 

Martha, dau. 2nd Feb. 1741. 

Sarah, dau. Nth Nov. 1744. 

Ann, dau. 19th Sept. 1746. 

Thomas, son 17th Nov. 1749. 

John Fox and Martha Pugh were married 9th January 1764. 
Thomas Pugh and Ann Parry were married 16th October 1771. 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Ann Pugh, baptized 23rd March 1773. 
Jane, dau. 4th Nov. 1774. 

Edward, son 15th Jan. 1777. 

William, son 18th Feb. 1779. 

David, son 22nd July 1781. 

Mary, dau. 26th June 1783. 

John, son 9th Oct. 1785. 

Evan, son 5th Aug. 1787. 

Cornelius, son 28th June 1789. 

A , / 19th Sept. 1790. 

Ann, dau. 



buried 

Ann, dau. baptized 8th Oct. 1791. 

Charles, son 14th July 1793. 

Gilbert, son 14th Dec. 1794. 

Elizabeth, dau. 31st May 1796. 

Joseph, son 16th July 1797. 

Sarah, dau. 2nd Nov. 1798. 

Evan Pugh, buried 25th January 1752. 
Thomas Pugh, buried llth September 1758. 
Evan Pugh, buried 6th November, 1758. 

Richard Crowder and Jane Pugh, married (banns), 17th June 1734. 
Mary, dau. of John and Elizabeth Pugh of Trelystan, baptized 24th 

Nov. 1752. 

/ baptized 24th Nov. 1754. 

Jane > dau - i buried 31st July 1775. 

Elizabeth, dau. baptized 13th Feb. 1757. 



WELSH POOL. 237 

Sarah, dau. of John & Elizabeth Pugh of Trelystan, bapt. 25th Feb. 1759. 
John, son 21st 1762. 

Jane, dau. 1st April 1764. 

Thomas, son 25th Jan. 1767. 

Evan Pugh and Mary Roberts, both of this parish, married 5th June 

1766. 

William, son of Evan and Mary Pugh, baptized 5th March 1767. 
Thomas Price, Worthen, and Margaret Pugh, Trelystan, married 29th 

July 1756. 

Edward Holloway and Jane Pugh, 9th May 1758 (married). 
William Jacks and Elizabeth Pugh, married 27th June 1761. 
Samuel Matthews and Bridget Pugh, married 6th March 1764. 
Benjamin Griffiths and Elizabeth Pugh, llth July 1775 (married). 
Thomas Pugh and Margaret Davies, married 14th May 1787. 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Margaret Pugh, baptized 30th November 

1794. 

Joseph Everall and Jane Pugh, married 27th April 1794. 
Thomas Pugh and Ann Davies, married 28th December 1791. 
Thomas Pugh and Elizabeth Jones, married 14th December 1795. 

Trelystan Register of Marriages, 1796-1814 (missing). 
Thomas Jones of Welshpooland Sarah Pugh, married 18th June 1830. 
(Witnesses, Field Evans and Mary Jones). 

THE PARRYS. 

Trelystan Register. 

Mary, daughter of Richard and Mary Parry,baptized 26th July 1665. 

Edward Parry and Jane Edwards of Chirbury, married 3rd October 
1719. 

Francis Parry and Margaret Roberts, married 27th April 1730. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and Mary Parry, baptised 27th April 
1735. 

Alice, daughter of Richard and Mary Parry, baptized 5th March 1737. 

Richard, son of Richard and Mary Parry, of Chirbury Parish, baptized 
4th May 1740. 

John, son of Edward and Ann Parry, baptized 8th April 1764. 

David, son of Edward and Ann Parry, baptized 1770. 

Henry Owen of Poole and Mary Parry, married 7th February 1780. 
(Witnesses, Edward Parry and Isaac Jones). 

Thomas Pugh and Ann Parry, married 16th October 1771. (Wit- 
ness, John Smith, Heldre.) [The record on their tombstone at 
Trelystan states that Thomas Pugh was born llth November 
1749, died 21st April 1834. Ann, relict of Thomas Pugh, was 
born 27th March 1754, died 1st March 1760.] 

William Brian of the parish of Fordon, and Jane Parry of the parish 
of Trelystan, were married 1st June 1772. (Witnesses, Richard 
Bryan and Mary Parry). 

Thomas Parry of Welshpool and Elizabeth Jones, married 22nd 
November 1825. (Witnesses, Maurice Jones and Sarah Jones.) 



238 WELSH POOL. 

From Welshpool and Forden Registers. 
Marriage of Elizabeth Parry of the Dairy, (1) to Richard Francis, 

19th February 1760, at Welshpool; (2) to William Pryce, 6th 

February 1769, at Forden. 

John Parry and Ann Meredith, at Forden, 8th July 1755. 
Humphrey Pugh and Ellinor Parry, at Forden, 12th April 1758. 

(Witness, Mary Francis). 
John Brian and Elizabeth Knight were married 24th July 1693. 

From Welshpool Burgess Roll. 1 

1678. Joseph Pugh of Leighton. 

1678. John Pugh. 

1690. Thomas, son of Joseph Pugh of Leighton. 

1706. Joseph Pugh, the younger, of Leighton. 

1774. Thomas Pugh of Leighton. 

1796. Evan Pugh of Pool (1). 

1809. Edward Pugh. 

1815. William Pugh of Leighton. 

1815. Thomas Pugh of Wernllwyd. 

1830. David Pugh of Pool. 

1835. Edward Pugh, William Pugh, and David Pugh. 



ORIGIN OF THE PUGH FAMILY. 

Upon the probable origin of the Pugh family we will venture 
to make some suggestions. 

28th October, 9 Charles I, 1633, 2 Sir John Hayward, Knt., 
being Sheriff, " Thomas ap Hughe de Leigh ton, gen/', appears 
on a grand jury list for the county of Montgomery. 

He married, as her second husband, Joyce, daughter of 
Edmund Lloyd of Stockton, sixth son of Richard Lloyd of 
Marrington, and Lucy Powell. Joyce Lloyd's first husband was 
George Rogers of Leighton (his will at Hereford is dated 
1627). Elizabeth Lloyd of Stockton (will at Probate Court, 
Hereford, dated 22nd March 1631; proved 3rd May 1632), relict 
of Edmund, makes a bequest " to Jane and Joyce Rogers, two of 
the daughters of my daughter Joyce, the now wife of Thomas 
ap Hughe of L.eighton, in y e County of Montgomery, by her for- 
mer husbande, George Rogers, deceased," On the Burgess Roll 
of 1678 we have " John Rogers, sonn of John Rogers of Leigh- 
ton, and his heirs for ever". In that of 1 727 (apparently), " Ed- 
mund Rogers of Leighton, gent/'; " William Rogers, gent/'; 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. xii. 

2 Mont. Coll., vol. vi, p. 297. 



WELSH POOL. 239 

" Hugh Rogers"; David Thomas, subscribing bailiff(Afo2. Coll., 
vol. xii, pp. 324-5). "John Rogers, sone of John Rogers of 
Leighton," sworn 5th April 1708 (p. 332). "William, sone of", 
etc. (ib.). " Peter Lloyd, Minister of Forden", next to them on 
the Burgess Roll, would be their second cousin. 

There is another notice (apparently) of Thomas ap Hugh in 
the schedule of Kynaston Papers, under Tyrtreth : 

"1 Ch. 1, 24th May 1625. Precept from John Herbert, Knight, 
steward, to Thomas ap Hugh, gentleman, Ringild of the said 
manor, to summon 12 sufficient Freeholders of the Township 
of Trevenant Vechan and the 2 Townships next adjoining, as 
a jury to set down the right mears and bounds between the 
lands of Edward Kynaston, Esq., and the lands of Randle 
Davies, gent., Robert Gruffreys and the heirs of John Re- 
ginald ; also to summon 12 do. of the T'p of Hope and 2 next 
adjoining townships/' etc. 

The following pedigree of " Rogers of Llai " (Leighton) is 
taken verbatim from Harl. MS. 1982, fol. 138, British Museum 
Library, which also gives their shield of six quarterings, viz. : 

1. Sa., three nag's heads erased, ar. (Rogers). 

2. Ar. } a lion rampant, crowned, gu. 

3. Gu., within a border engrailed, a lion rampant, or. 

4. Quarterly, per fesse indented or and gu. (? Bewpey). 

5. Ar., wyvern sa. (? Cambray). 

6. Vert, a griffin segreant, or. 

Pasgen ap Gwyn ap Gruff, ap Beli ap Brochwel.=f Nest, d. to Ll'n ap Meiler 
[Sable, three nag's heads argent.] Gryge. 

r~ 

Meirick ap Pasgen.=j=Gwervill, da., h. to leu'n ap Rees Goch. 

Hoedlew ap=fjonnett, da. to Sir Piers Cam-^j-Anne, d. to S'r Fetter Cqr- 
Meirick. I John Brayles. bray. bett of Cause, nt. 



Gwyn.=p John Bewprey.=j=Cecily, da. to S'r Piers Cambray. 

Ieuan.=pCecily, da. to John Bewprey. 

David ap Ieuan=j=Lleuky, da. to John ap Madd., brother to Einion of Neu- 
Gwyn. I addwen, 

David Lloyd ap David.=f=Effa, da. to Einion ap Madd. ap Einion of Keri. 

Madock ap David Lloyd=pSioned, da. to John ap Owen ap John ap Mer'dd 
"f Llai. I ap Phillip ap Einion ap Cynvelyn. 



240 



WELSH POOL. 



David ap Madock.=p Jonett, da. to leun ap D'd ap Ll'n of Caereinion. 



1 




1 


1 




Madock Goch=j=Gwenllian, da. to Catherine, uxor. 


Hugh ap 


= ..., da. to 


ap David 


D'd 


ap John Gruff, ap 


David ap 


D'd ap 


of Llai. 


Vychan ap Rees Howell ap John 


Madock of Hugh ap 




Goch, Elistan. Buthler. 


Llai. 


Watkin of 










Gonley. 


Bees ap Ro^ 


r&r ap=f=Katherine, da. Katherine, 


1 
Lowry, 


Ellen, ux. 


Mat- Matthew 


to D'd ap Rey- ux. D'd ap 


ux. 


Thomas ap 


thew, of Llai. 


nold ap D'd ap John ap 


Matthew 


Edmont ap 


mort. Ao. 1586, 


Holl. of Hen- leun of ... 


ap 


Nicholas ap 






dre Hen. Kerrey. 


Harry. 


John ap 










Thomas. 


1 I 




1 


1 


1 1 


John HuoH=pElizabeth, Edmont=f=Jonnett, 


Margery, 


Joyce, Eliza- 


ap AP 




da. to Wm ap Roger 


da. to 


ux. John 


ux. beth. 


Roger, ROGER 


Penrhyn. ap Mat- 


Richard 


ap Reig- 


John 


mort. of 






thew 


Hord ap 


nold of 


Gest 


Gwr- 




Goch. 


John 


Beryw. 


ap 


thor. 






Hord of 




Thos. 








- 


Hopton. 




Gest. 










A. 237. 







Wm. Roger. John. Anne. David. John. GEORGE ROGERS. 1609. 



If Hugh ap Roger, the uncle of George Rogers, had a son 
Thomas which, however, the pedigree does not give he may 
be the " Thomas ap Hugh" above-mentioned. 

In any event, assuming, as we think we fairly may, that it is 
highly probable that "Thomas ap Hughe", the second husband 
of Joyce Lloyd, was the progenitor of this family of Pugh, we have 
from the foregoing Pugh extracts from the Trelystan Register 
constructed a conjectural line of descent from " Thomas ap 
Hughe" to Evan Pugh, from whom the pedigree is adduced on 
undoubted evidence. This conjectural appendix, which has 
much to support it, may hereafter be tested by reference to 
wills or deeds. 

The probabilities are that most of the Pughs mentioned in 
the extracts are of one family, as, in the 17th and 18th centuries, 
families engaged in tilling the soil, as evidently the Pughs 
were, married in their own neighbourhood, and remained at- 
tached to the land upon which their forefathers had lived before 
them. It is certain that there have been "Pughs of Leighton" 
for at least two centuries and a half. 



WELSH POOL. 



241 



PUGH OF LEIGHTON. 
Lines thus 



authoritative, 
probable. 



Edmont ap Roger 
ap Matthew Goch 
of Llai (or Leigh- 
ton). 



Jonnett 
(see 

Rogers 
pedi- 
gree). 



Edmund Lloyd, younger 
son of Eichard Lloyd of 
Harrington. From 35 
Eliz. to 18 James I as- 
sessed for lands in Stock- 
ton, Chirbury. 



Elizabeth Lloyd 
of Stockton. 

Will dated 22nd 
March 1631. 



John =j= 
Rogers. 



George Rogers (lst=f Joyce Lloyd. Wit- 



Husband) of Leigh- 
ton." Will dated 
1627. Mentioned in 
the will of Elizabeth 
Lloyd of Stockton. 



"John Rogers, sonn of=f= 

John Rogers of 

Leighton." Sworn an 

hered. burgess of Pool, 

1678 (Mont. Coll., vol. 

xii, p. 320). 



ness to her 
father's will, 20th 

April 1624, as 
" Joyce Rogers". 



: " Thomas ap Hughe of 
Leighton, gent." (2nd 

Husband). On a 

County Grand Jury in 

1633. Married between 

1627 and 1631. 



Jane 
Rogers. 



Joyce 
Rogers. 



Joseph Pugh=i=Blanche (mo- 



of Leighton, 
gent. 



ther of his 

children in 

the Trelystan 

Register). 



John Rogers, sone of John Rogers William 

of Leighton. Sworn 6th Apr. Rogers, 

1708 (Mont. Coll., vol. xii, p. ib. 1708. 
332). 



Edmund Rogers of Leigh- 
ton, gent. Sworn in 
1727 (Mont. Coll., vol. 
xii, p. 324). 



Evan Pugh: 
of " Wool- 
stanmine" 
or Trelystan 
parish. 
Party to his 
son 
Thomas's 
post-nup- 
tial settle- 
ment in 
1729. 


= Mary. "Thomas Pugh, eldest sonne of Joseph Pugh of 
Leighton, gent." Bapt. 20th Nov. 1660. Sworn 
a burg, of Pool 1706-7 (Mont. Coll., vol. xii, p. 330). 
Had a son Thomas, who died an infant. 


1 

Joseph Pngh, the =\ 
younger, of Leigh- 
ton. Bapt. 4th Oct. 
1667. Sworn burg. 
1706. Party to post- 
nuptial settlement 
in 1729. 


1 

=Elizabeth Mun- Jocosa (Joyce) Pugh 
slow, married Bapt. 17th January 
24th Apr. 1706. 1759. Ux. Rd. Cound 
Married 8th June 
1683. 



242 



WELSH POOL. 



Thomas Pugh of Woolstan-=pElizabeth. Born 



mine (Leighton), in 1729. 

Born in 1696. Died 29th 

Oct. 1750, aged 54. 



in 1709. Died 

12th June 1795, 

aged 86. 



Elizabeth. 

Bapt. 10th 

January 

1707. 



Sarah. 

Bapt. 

21st Oct. 

1710. 



Thomas Pugh of Leighton. = Anne Parry. Born 27th March 1754. 
Born 1st Nov. 1749. Died Married Oct. 1771. Died in 1840. 
in 1834. 



CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS. 

Supra, p. 132, 11. 14, 15. Delete, and has a daughter. 
133, 1. 3. Insert, and has a daughter. 

170 1 37 ) 

1/71 ' :' ,' > For Bowstead, read Boustead. 

173,' 11. 14, 15. For Elizabeth Harriette Gertrude, read Har- 

riette Gertrude Elizabeth. 
173, 1. 35. For now, read died. 

175, 1. 38. For Rahire, read Rahere. 

176, after 1. 7. Insert, and one daughter, Winifred. 
180, 1. 26. .For nomination, read examination. 
189, 1. 10. For Wrigley, read Wigley. 

189, 11. 11 to 14. For the surname Wrigley, read Wilkinson. 



243 



A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 

BY FRANCIS PARRY, F.R.G.S. 



PARRY, THOMAS, third son of Edward Parry of Leighton 
Hall, near Welshpool, was born in the year 1768 (see 
supra, p. 226). There is no record of his earlier days 
until, at twenty years of age, through the influence of 
Mr. Ross, his brother-in-law, of the firm of Messrs. 
Ross and Burgay, merchants in the city of London, he 
was sent to Madras, the tradition in India being that 
he went out as supercargo. 

On arrival, he became the guest of Captain Vigors, 
a friend of the London firm, and shortly afterwards 
accepted an appointment in the Accountant's office of 
the settlement, remaining in association with the 
authorities during about four years, and holding at one 
time the post of private secretary to General Meadows, 
the Governor. In 1792 he embarked upon the busi- 
ness of a merchant in the shipping produce from 
Madras to this country, occasionally in his sole interest, 
but for the most part in co-partnership with others, 
among whom may be mentioned his nephew, Mr. David 
Pugh, and Mr. Charles Breithaupt, the former a rela- 
tive by the marriage of a sister. This was the existing 
firm in 1814, when Mr. Parry withdrew, and appears 
to have been in charge of the treasury in the fort ; but 
the firm, or rather title, of Parry and Co. was continued, 
and remains to this day. Four years elapsed, when 
Mr. Parry rejoined the house he had founded, and 
some time later Mr. Joseph Pugh was admitted, as his 
name appears in 1823. 

The times were eventful. The defeat of the French, 
and the weaker position of the native princes by the 
loss of their alliance, placed power in the hands of the 



244 A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 

British officials at Madras, which was indiscreetly used 
by some, who, after the manner of the Anglo-Indians 
of that date, had private interests and sordid ends to 
serve, to the oppression of the inhabitants. A determi- 
nation to preserve the right, and defend the plundered 
natives, was the philanthropic endeavour of our coun- 
tryman whose career is now sketched ; his efforts in 
this direction being put forth with considerable ability 
not long after his arrival in their midst that is, soon 
after he had withdrawn from official life. 

His active interest in the affairs of the native princes 
rendered him obnoxious to the authorities at the fort ; 
consequently his banishment was decreed, and he left 
Madras in the company of Mr. Roebuck, father of the 
late member for Sheffield, and Mr. Orme, either the 
celebrated historian or a relative. He visited Ceylon, 
and was the guest of the Governor, until the excite- 
ment following his departure having subsided, he 
returned to his former place and occupations, becoming 
influential among the natives. 

It is stated of him that he was an accomplished man 
of unblemished character, and might have amassed an 
enormous fortune had he been unscrupulous in the 
mode of making wealth ; as it was, his income was 
considerable, but he took no care of it. 

A token of the respect he was held in is found in 
the subjoined testimonial, which accompanied a gold 
vase. The latter is now in England. 

"To THOMAS PARRY, ESQ. 

"DEAR AND HONOURED SIR, 

"During your long stay in our country, as ourselves and 
several other natives of the community had at all times 
received your patronage and support, and as we were given to 
understand some months ago that it was your intention to go 
home for the benefit of your health, we humbly thought of 
approaching you, on the occasion of such an intended depar- 
ture, with a gold cup and an address, stating our great feelings 
and the high opinion we have always entertained towards you, 
and have prepared a cup accordingly. We thank God, to our 



A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 245 

great happiness, that a perfect recovery of health has been 
bestowed on you, and the intended departure has been post- 
poned ; notwithstanding, we yet feel it incumbent upon us 
to present to you the cup so prepared, with this our humble 
address. 

" Wishing not to lose the present opportunity, we beg to offer 
our warmest thanks for the esteem and regard you have always 
shown us all, and to the natives in general, and for your con- 
stantly allowing great part of your valuable time in hearing, 
complying, and advising on the several requests of the natives 
of this country. The friendship and kindness which have 
marked your personal acts during a protracted career of thirty- 
six years, and the love you have cherished for us, are entitled 
to our warmest gratitude and acknowledgment. Words are 
really inadequate to do justice to your merits, or to enable us to 
convey fully the sentiments of admiration with which you have 
inspired us ; but suffice it to say that, in your eventual absence 
to your native country, we shall certainly deplore the want of 
a beloved parent, and for these favours we shall never cease 
to think gratefully of you, and to pray for your health, hap- 
piness, and long life. As a small token of our attachment and 
respect for you, we most humbly beg your acceptance of a 
gold cup herewith by 

" Your most obedient and humble servants, 
(Signed by several native inhabitants of Madras.) 

"Madras, 1st February 1824." 

To the above address Mr. Thomas Parry made the 
following reply. 

" GENTLEMEN, 

I receive this mark of your regard with the greatest satis- 
faction, and particularly so, as it has not been sought for, nor 
was it expected. 

" During my long residence in this place, where I have passed 
the greatest part of my life, I have had, in consequence of the 
various commercial and other transactions in which I have 
been engaged, a better opportunity of becoming acquainted 
with the character of the native inhabitants than falls to the 
lot of most of my countrymen, and I can with sincerity assert 
that in matters of business I have found them trustworthy and 
correct, and in their general conduct friendly. In the manage- 
ment of my manufacturing establishment and money concerns 
in this Presidency I have generally employed native agents. 



246 A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 

In their zeal and integrity I have always placed the fullest 
confidence, and that confidence has never been abused. On 
my arrival, it was my first wish to acquire the goodwill of my 
native-fellow subjects, amongst whom, and with whom, I may 
with truth say, I was to live. Since that time my best 
endeavours have unceasingly been directed not only to obtain, 
but to secure an object which I had so much at heart, and it is 
highly gratifying to me to find, from your kind and affec- 
tionate address which I have had the honour to receive, that 
my wishes have been fulfilled and my endeavours crowned with 
success. 

" If circumstances should hereafter render it necessary for me 
to leave India, I shall quit it with regret ; however, whether it 
may be my fate to pass the remainder of my days amongst you 
or at a distance from you, I beg of you to be assured that I 
shall, so long as I exist, continue to feel a lively interest in all 
matters connected with the welfare and happiness of the native 
inhabitants of this settlement. 

" Believe me, it was not necessary that you should have laid 
me under this additional obligation to keep me in remembrance 
of the many acts of friendship and of kindness which I have 
received from you. Most heartily wishing you a long continu- 
ance of health, happiness, and prosperity, I have the honour 
to subscribe myself, gentlemen, 

" Your sincere friend and much obliged servant, 

(Signed) " THOS. PARRY. 

"Madras, 9th April 1824." 

The following was the inscription on the vase. 

' ' From the several respectable Hindoo inhabitants of Madras 
to Thomas Parry, Esq., of the same place, merchant, as a mark 
of their great esteem and respect for the support and patron- 
age at all times received by them during his several years' 
residence in India, through his natural humanity and benevo- 
lence to assist as much as lies in his power the poor, distressed, 
and helpless persons among the community. 

" Madras, 1st February 1824." 

His useful life was not much prolonged after this 
manifestation of public opinion : a few months later he 
was attacked by cholera, and died while travelling 
between Porto Novo and Cuddalore, the burial taking 
place at the mission church of the last-mentioned place, 
where there is a stone inscribed to his memory. 



A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 247 

At Madras a monument was erected in St. George's 
Cathedral, being the work of the sculptor Chantry. A 
finely executed figure of a Hindoo, expressive of the 
native sentiment, is conspicuous. It has the follow- 
ing inscription upon it : 

" Nihil human! ab illo alienum. 



" In memory of THOMAS PARRY, Esq., who died at Porto Novo 
on the 14th day of August 1824, aged 56 years. 

" In him were happily blended those qualities which elevate 
and adorn the human character, whether in the exercise of 
liberal and enlightened principles, or in the practice of the 
social virtues, to which his urbanity and extensive attainments 
gave a grace and attraction beyond the ordinary reach of men. 

" During a residence of thirty-seven years in Madras, his 
unblemished reputation had justly obtained for him the respect, 
esteem, and veneration of all classes of the community, and 
alike endeared him to the Native and European inhabitants. 

" His loss is irreparably felt and unfeignedly deplored." 

We conclude this sketch by giving a copy of his 
will. 

" In the name of God, Amen. I, THOMAS PARRY of Madras, 
merchant, do make this, my last will and testament, hereby 
revoking any former will or wills by me made. 

" I give to my wife, Mary Parry, for her own use for ever, all 
the furniture, plate, and other property, of every description 
whatever, belonging to me in the house wherein she may 
reside in England. I also give to my wife, Mary Parry, the sum 
of 1,000, to be remitted to her in six months after my decease. 

" I direct that my executors do, immediately after my 
decease, remit to my wife, Mary Parry, the sum of 600, 
which I give and bequeath, to her, in addition to the bequests 
already made in her favour. 

" I also direct that they remit in the like manner the sum 
of 150 to Mrs. Mary Anne Chinnery, to be applied by 
her for the use of Emma Louisa Gibson. I give to John 
William Dare, David Pugh, and Joseph Pugh, in trust, the 
sum of one lac and ten thousand (1.10.000) rupees for the 
following purposes : that the interest arising from the said 
sum of one lac and ten thousand rupees shall be remitted to my 
said wife, Mary Parry, during her natural life, for her sole use 
and benefit. I direct that the said sum of one lac and ten 



248 A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 

thousand rupees shall be invested, as soon as may be convenient 
to my said executors, in the public securities of the British 
Government in India, or in those of the United States of America; 
and that until it shall be so invested, I direct that the sum of 
600 per annum shall be remitted to my wife, Mary Parry, for 
her support. On the decease of my wife, Mary Parry, the 
said sum of one lac and ten thousand rupees (1.10.000) is to 
become the property of my residuary legatees. 

" I give in trust to the said John William Dare, David Pugh, 
and Joseph Pugh, my three houses and grounds at Nungum- 
buncum, together with the buildings erected thereon, the rents 
of which, after paying assessments and other charges, and 
reserving a sufficient sum for keeping the premises in repair, 
I direct may be divided in equal proportions between George 
Parry Gibson and Emma Louisa Gibson, till they shall attain the 
age of twenty-one years, when the said house and grounds 
are to be sold, and the proceeds equally divided between them ; 
and should only one of the parties survive, then the whole is 
to go to that party. The share of annual rent which may bo 
forthcoming to George Parry Gibson I direct may be paid to 
his mother, Mrs. Dowden, for his education and support. The 
share that may be forthcoming to Emma Louisa Gibson is to 
bepaid to her guardians, to be invested for her benefit, or applied 
for her use in such way as they may think fit. I give and 
bequeath to the said Emma Louisa Gibson the sum of fifteen 
thousand (15,000) rupees, to be invested in the names of 
Mrs. Mary Anne Chinnery, John William Dare, David Pugh, 
and Joseph Pugh, in the public securities of the British Go- 
vernment in India, or in any way they may deem proper, the 
interest thereon to be paid to Mrs. Chinnery for the main- 
tenance and support of the said Emma Louisa Gibson, till she 
become of age or be married ; and to my esteemed and excel- 
lent friend, Mrs. Chinnery, I leave the entire care of this dear 
child. I give to George Parry Gibson the sum of seven 
thousand (7,000) rupees, to be invested for his use in public 
securities, in one year after my decease, in the names of Capt. 
John Gibson, David Pugh, Esq., and Capt. Henry Dowden, 
the interest arising thereon to be applied for his use in such 
manner as they may think proper. I give to Charles Henry 
Dowden, the son of Capt. and Mrs. Dowden, the sum of seven 
thousand (7,000) rupees, to be paid to them for his use in 
one year after my decease. 

" I give to the son of the late Mr. John Wilson seven 
thousand (7,000) rupees, to be invested for his use one year 
after my decease. 



A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 249 

" I give and bequeath to John William Dare and Joseph 
Pugh the whole of my indigo works in the province of Arcot 
and elsewhere, with all and singular the buildings, outhouses, 
and articles employed in the several manufactories, together 
with the cattle and carts belonging thereto, to them and their 
heirs or assigns> for ever, on condition that they, the said 
John William Dare and Joseph Pugh, do pay to Mary Ann 
Carr, during her natural life, to and for her own proper 
use, the monthly sum of seventy (70) Madras rupees, and the 
sum of fifty (50) rupees for the support of any child which the 
said Mary Ann Carr may have within nine months from the 
date hereof; and in the event of the death of the said Mary 
Ann Carr, the whole of the said two sums, making together 
one hundred and twenty rupees per month, is to be continued 
for the use and support of the said child during its natural life. 

" I give to my faithful servant, Abragooloo Naich, the sum 
of three thousand and five hundred (3,500) rupees, to be paid 
to him when the concerns of my estate are adjusted, and I 
acquit him of all claims which I have on him. I leave the 
house, buildings, and godowns called the Tannery, at St. Thane, 
together with all the stock on hand, and everything thereunto 
belonging, to my nephew, Joseph Pugh, on condition that he 
do, during the time that he may carry on the manufacturing of 
leather and other articles at the said establishment, pay one- 
third of the proceeds arising therefrom, annually, after defray- 
ing all the charges of the establishment, to Mrs. Charlotte 
Meyers, for the use of her children by the late Peter Bower; 
and in the event of his selling or disposing of the said pi'emises, 
in that case one-third of the proceeds from the sale thereof is 
to be paid to the said Mrs. Charlotte Meyers, for the use of 
her said children by the said Peter Bower. I acquit my friends, 
Mrs. Rebecca Sewell, Major Bennett, and Mr. J. L. Johnson, 
of all claims of every description which 1 have on them. 

" I leave to Miss Elizabeth Chinnery,Miss Mary Chinnery,and 
Mr. Charles Chinnery, the sum of one thousand rupees each, 
to be paid to Miss Elizabeth Chinnery as required, and to the 
two latter on the arrival of the parties in India. I leave to 
Mrs. Weehedie of Tranquebar one hundred and twenty pagodas, 
to be paid to her by monthly instalments, as heretofore, by 
Mr. Wright. I leave to Miss Bronnikam of Pondicherry 
one hundred and eighty pagodas, to be paid to her by 
monthly instalments as heretofore. I give to the son 
of Babkismah Candy the sum of two thousand rupees, 
to be paid to him when he shall attain the age of fifteen 
years. I give to my butler, Eamasawrny, the sum of two 

VOL. XIX. S 



250 A MONTGOMERYSHIRE WORTHY. 

thousand (2,000) rupees. I request that my executors will 
pay to the following persons, monthly, the sum set opposite 
to their names, during their natural lives : Mary, a poor blind 
woman brought up in my house, eleven rupees ; Chillie, a 
native woman, five rupees ; Beer, a Caffre, five rupees ; Mary 
Anne, a native woman, five rupees. To all my household ser- 
vants, excepting gardeners, I direct that three months' wages 
be paid. 

" The rest and residue of my property, it is my wish, when 
realised, shall be divided as follows ; One-fourth between the 
children of my late brother, John Parry, deceased, in equal 
proportions ; one-fourth I leave to my sister, Jane Bryan, or her 
representatives ; one-fourth to my sister, Anne Pugh, or her 
representatives ; one-fourth to the children of my sister, Mary 
Owen, deceased, in equal proportions. 

"And I do hereby declare my said sisters, Jane Bryan and 
Anne Pugh, and the children of my said brother, John Parry, 
and the children of my sister, Mary Owen, deceased, my resi- 
duary legatees. 

" I leave it to my executors in India, and to Mr. David 
Pugh in England, to act in adjusting claims against me, and 
debts due to me, in such manner as they may think best, and 
direct that their acts be binding on my residuary legatees. 

" I nominate and appoint my esteemed friend, John William 
Dare, Esq., of Madras ; my nephew, David Pugh, late of Madras, 
but now of Great Britain; and my nephew, Joseph Pugh of 
Madras, executors of this my last will and testament. 

" In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, 
in Madras, this fourth (4th) day of March, in the year of our 
Lord 1823. 

" T. PARRY." (Seal.) 

" Signed, sealed, and delivered. Published as the last will 
and testament of Thomas Parry, in the presence of 

" JNO. UNDERWOOD, 
" J. R. DAILET." 

This will is contained in a collection of wills received 
by the East India Company, on the 5th March 1823, 
" from the government of Fort St. George, by ship 
Lord Hungerford'\ 



251 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE CAUSES 

HEARD AND DETERMINED BEFOEE THE COURT OP MARCHES, 

SITTINa AT LUDLOW, IN TRINITY TERM, 1617. 

(Casley's MSS. 18 B.vii.) 



A BREIFE relac'on of such proceedings and Causes deter- 
mined before your Ma'ties President and councell in the 
Principalitie and Marches of Wales, this last Trinitie Term. 
Anno Domini 1617. 

The number of which causes assigned for hearing are 407. 
whereof the particulars subsequently in this Booke doe ensue. 

Amongst which wee have taken order for the preservacou 
of your M'ts Dear & woods in your severall fforests Parks 
and Chases within your Ma'ties severall Counties of Salop, 
Hereford, Wigorn [Worcester], and Gloucester. Sauing for 
Okely Parke in the houlding of S'r Charles Ffoxe in the 
countie of Salop ; who refuseth to shew by what title he doth 
then houlde the same. And keepeth more sheepe & Cattell 
then Deere therein whereof wee humblie crave your Ma'ties 
direc'ons. Ffor the rest of your Ma'ties grounds wee have 
punished diuers offenders for stealing your Ma'ts Deere and 
spoyling your woods. 

Secondlie your Ma'ties Attournie attending there exhibited 
an Informac'on on your highnes behalf against two young 
gentlemen namely Mathew Mesie and Coningbie Ffreeman 
for a Challenge and Combatt Contrarie to your Ma'tes edict 
against Duells. And upon hearing of the cause, we have com- 
mitted them both to prison for a year. And untill Messie the 
Challenger paie to your highnes 2QQU. ffine and Ffreeman 200. 
marks. And untill both of them give securitye for their good 
behaviour for 5 yeres. and not to beare weapons or Armes. 
And so they remaine at your Ma'tes merccie. 

Thirdlie your Ma'tes said Attournie enformed against one 
Richard Liddell a Messenger for abusing the warrants of your 
Ma'tes high Commissioners, and of the late Lord President of 
the Marches touching Recusants and for taking diuers bribes 
and concealing the offenders. Upon hearing of which cause 
wee did (for example to others) censure him to stand in the 

s 2 



252 MONTGOMERYSHIRE CAUSES 

Pillorie and com'itted him to Prison and fined him more than 
he is worth, being a fellow of no value. 

Ffowrthlie wee have taken order for the suppressing of 
superstitious flocking and resort of your Ma'tes subiects unto 
Hollie Well comonly called St. Winifred's Well in your Ma- 
jestie's county of Fflint. And for dailie service and praiers 
there, as also for Sermons on Saboths and festiuall daies, And 
that the oath of Supremacie and allegeance be ordered unto all 
such strangers (before they go to the well) as shall refuse to 
come to the Church : By which reason whereof the great con- 
course of people is stopped. 

Ffiftlie your Ma'tes Attournie attending this court exhibited 
an informac'on against one Mr. Atwood and diuers others who 
by Mr. Atwood's encoragement became enterlude players on 
the Saboth daie, in contempt of your highnes authoritie being 
prohibited by Special warrant in writing from one Mr. Ffleete 
nexte justice of the Peace adioyning. We did upon hearing 
of this Cause (for example to others and to sanctifie the Saboth, 
comitt them to Prison and fined them. 

Sixtlie, your Ma'tes said Attournie exhibit informacon 
against diuers persons dwelling within yo'r Ma'tes countie of 
Montgomerie to the number of 30tie for breaking into and 
entering riotouslie and by outrage the house of Mr. Ffareley a 
riche man whilst he laie on his death bedd some fower or five 
howers before he dyed and rifeling the house and terrifying 
your highnes subiects and keeping the house stronglie guarded 
against the wife and frends of the dead man : Upon hearing 
of which cause we did comitt to prison and fined so manie of 
them as wee found flfaultie in that notorious outrage. 

Lastlie : whereas there have been two prohibicons graunted 
out of your Highnes Bench for causes depending here, wee 
have certiffied your Ma'ties Judges of the state of the causes, 
whereupon they have dissolued the prohibicions : so as now 
there resteth nether prohibicion nor H'eas Corpus depending 
between your Highnes Bench and this your Ma'ties Courte : 
But are at peace and unitie according to your Ma'ties Royall 
direction. 



[Then follows a Register, a bulky list, of Causes pertaining to 
several counties of North and South Wales,- and of Chester, 
Shropshire, Hereford, and Worcester. The following are the 
Montgomeryshire cases, in many instances bracketed in with 
other counties.] 



IN COURT OF MARCHES, 1617. 



253 



Die Lunce, xvj Junij 1617. 
Terminis Trinitatis. 
Misdemeanors, 



aitatis. ) 
3, etc. j 



Merioneth. 
Mont. 



Mont. 

Denbigh, 
Mont. 



Salop. 
Mont. 



Mont. 



Mont. 

j 

Pembrooke. 
Mont. 

?> 

Denbigh. 
Mont. 



Mont. 



Mont. 



Harry ap John David, Esq. 
Evan Mredyth . 
Marmaduke Lloyd, ar. 
John Morris, gent. 
Humffrey ap Evan 
Roger Downes . 



Euform. j Vexacon 
Dft. ) in suite. 

Pit.) ., 
> Affray. 



Dft. J 



Die Martis xij Junij 1617. 



Marmaduke Lloyd, ar. 
John Humffrey, & 30 
Evan Johnes 
Edward ap Jenn 
David ap William, esq. 
Oliver Johnes, esq. 
Griffith ap David 
John Morris 



Enform. ) Indirect prac- 
Dfts. \ tise and Ryott. 

Rel. A a 

Affray. 



Dft. 
Pit. 
Dte. 



Affrayes. 



Pit. ) Breach of 
Dt. J Order. 



Affrayes. 
Interr., etc. 



Die Merciirij xviij Junij 1617. 
Richard Keelan . . Pit. ) A 

Hugh ap Robert, etc. . Dte. j * 

Dei Jovis xix Junij 1617. 
William Broughton . Rel. 

Reynold Clearke, etc. . Dfts. 
David ap Jenn Dauid . Pit. 

Edward ap Jenn . Dt. 

Die Veneris xx mo Junij 1617. 
John Woode, clre' . Pit. 

Richard Turner, etc. 
John Ropaut (?) 
John Woode, etc. 
John Morris 
Nicholas Byers, etc. 
John Humffrey 
Blanch Ffarley, etc. 



Relator. 
Deffte. 

Relator. 
Dte. 

Pit. ) Interrupcon, 
Dte. j etc. 



Die Saturni xxj Junij 1617. 
Marmaduke Lloyd, ar. . Euform. ) 
John Roberte . . Dt. j 

Die Lunce xxiij to Junij 1617. 
John Mredythe . PI. \ ,, 

Dauid ap John Dauid, esq., 

& o'rs Dte. ) 



254 



MONTGOMERYSHIRE CAUSES 



Mont. 



Merioneth. 

Mont. 

Radnor. 



Mont. 



Mont. 
Radnor. 
Salop. 
Mont. 



Mont. 



Mont. 



Radnor. 
Mont. 



Salop. 



Mont. 



Reynold Davyes . Pit. 

Dauid ap Rees ap John . Dft 

Thomas Owen . 

Elissey ap Hugh 

Dauid Stephens . Pit. 

Edward Jones . Dt. 



:}* 



| Debte. 



of Order. 



Debt. 



Die Mmtis xxiiij Junij 1617. 

Richard Cotton . Pit. ) T. , 

> Debt. 



Richard Vaughan 



Dt. / 



Die Murcurij xxv Junij 1617. 

Richard Pugh . . Pit. \ Det. 

John Davies . . Deft. { Cattell. 

Margaret Heylyn . Vid. 

Edward Price, ar. . Deft. 



Die Veneris xxvy m Junij 1617. 

William Barrett . Pit. 

Rees Gruff. Deft. 



Debt, 



Die Lunce xxx" 10 Junij 1617. 

Redd Moris . . Pit. ) Not saving 

Thomas Mostyn, esq. . Dt. j harmless. 

Humffrey Robinson . Pit. i -^ v,t 

John Thomas ap Robert . Dt. j 

Francis Williams Rel. j A -, ,, 

Cadd'rapHugh . Dt. ( Adulter ^ 

Die Martis Primo Julij 1617. 

David Jenkin, sadler . Pit. ) Non savinge 

Margaret Davies . Dt. j harmless. 

Ffrancis Woosnam . Pit. ) ^ , u 

ru. ( JL* e t Heyffers. 
Dt. ) 



r> u j T u 
Richard ap John 

John Dauid ap Rees 
Richard Lloid,ar. 



Pit. -^ 

Dt Damages. 



Die Mercurij ij Julij 1617. 

] Non saving 

Margarett vr. Moris . Pit. (harmless and 

Rees ap Morris . Dt. [ non sealing 

J assurance 

Elizabeth George . Pit. 

John Roberts . . Dft. 

Edmund Crumpe . Pit. 

Edmund ap Oliver . Dft. 



Non executing 
1'res placcard. 

Det. Cattle. 



IN COURT OF MARCHES, 1617. 



255 



Pembrook. 
Mont. 



Mont. 



Mont. 



Mont. 
Salop. 
Hereford. 
Mont. 



Mont. 



Salop. 
Mont. 



Mont. 
Salop. 
Mont. 



Mont. 

Salop. 
Mont. 



Die Veneris iiij Julij 1617. 

Harry Thomas . . Eel. ) Vexacon of 

John Jones . . Dft. j suite. 

Richard Morris . . PL j ^ , , 

Humffrey ap John Rogers . Dt. j 

Die Saturni v Julij 1617. 
Humffrey ap Rees . PI. ) m 

Oliver ap Richard . Dt. j L ' es P ass - 



Die Lunce vij Julij 1617. 



> Interr', etc. 



PL 

Deft. / 

^JDebte. 



Richard Thomas 
Roger Price 
John ap Jenkyn 
Humffrey ap John ap Jenn 
William Pugh . 
David ap Jenn . 

Die Martis viij Julij 1617. 

Ffrancis Cooke . . PI. ) n 

Thomas Maude . Dt. j L 

Richard Yaughan . PI. ) Non saving 

John Powell Corbett . Dt. j harmless. 

Die Mercurij ix Julij 1617. 
Evan Lloyed . Pit. ) . ~ 

John Jones . . Dt. / Affra ^ 

Evan Phillipes . Pit. I T, 

Mathew Bramon . Dt. ] Dama g es - 

Davyd ap Roger . PI. ) Non performing 

Richard ap Peers . Dt. J his agreement. 

Evan Davyd . . PI. | Detayning a 

Richard Rogers . . Dt. j Bond. 



Die Jovis x^ 
Anthony Scarlett 
George Harryes 
William Allen . 
Richard Vaughan 
William (?) Lloyd 
Gruffith ap Jenn, etc. 



Julij 1617. 



Pit. ) Interrupcon, 
Def. J etc. 
Pit. ) Detayning a 
Dt. J Bond. 
Pit. ) T 
Def. f Le S acie - 



Die Veneris xj Julij 1617. 
Phillip Turner . . Pit. ) 

Richard Beamond . Def. J 

Edward ap Thomas . Pit. ) ^ , 

Morris Lloid . . Dft. } L 



Debte. 



Prees Griffith 
Rowland Owen 



Dft. 
Def }Debt. 



256 MONTGOMERYSHIRE CAUSES. 

Die Saturni xij July 1617. 

Mont. John Breese . . Pit. ) Non performing 

William Parrans (]) . Dft. / agreement. 

Die Lunce xiiij Julij 1617. 

Salop. Edward Evans . . Pit. ) n , . 

Mont. Thomas ap Howell , Dft. j L 

John Whittaker . Pit. ) T . 

Mores ap Richard Dft j Interrupcon. 

Die Martis xv Julij 1617. 

Mont. Anthony Scarlett . Pit. ") Non saving 

John Scarlett . . . Dft. j harmless. 

Dauid ap Gruff, ap John j Unlawfull 

Gruffith . . Plts.V^ n 

William Morgan, etc. . Defts. ) * 

Die Jovis xvj Julij 1617. 

Salop, Robert Price . . Pit. ") Wrongfull 

Mont. Dauid ap Jenn . . Dft. ) imprisonment. 

Humffrey ap Edmond . Pit. ] 

Edward ap Hugh ") D f j Interrupcon. 

Dauid Vaughan ) 

Edward ap Hugh | pj | 

Dauid Vaughan ] ' > Interrupcon. 

Humffrey ap Edmond . Def. J 

Die Veneris xviijo Julij 1617. 

Mont. Catherine ap Hugh . PI. ") 

Salop! Robert Higlinson Dt. J 

Dauid Vaughan, M'r of ) 

Artes . . PL > Interrupcon. 

Mont. Thomas Vaughan . Df. j 

Die Saturni xix Julij 1617. 

Mont. Hugh Rogers, gener. . PI. | Deteyning 

Robert Beinon . . Def. j rent. 

Die Lunce xxj Julij 1617. 

All the Causes aforesaid are heard Ordered and determined this 
21 July 1617. 

THO. CHAMBBRLYN. 
(HARREY JONES.) ? 

THOS. W, HANCOCK. 



257 



ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 



I TO VII. -DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE ESTATES OF 
SIR PERCY HERBERT, KNT. 



NOTE BY E. R. MORRIS. 

THE papers relating to the estates of the above differ 
from those already published in connection with other 
sufferers for the Royalist cause in Montgomeryshire, 
inasmuch as in this instance the estates were absolutely 
forfeited, and were in the hands of the Commonwealth ; 
hence there are no schedules of annual values, as in 
cases for composition. There are references in these 
papers to a " Survey" of the estate. It may be that 
it is in the Muniment Room at Powis Castle, or at the 
Record Office in London, and will yet be discovered. 1 

I have arranged the following papers regardless of 
the consecutive order in which they are preserved in 
the volumes of " Royalist Composition Papers" at the 
Record Office ; and I have separated from those relating 
directly to Sir Percy Herbert, other papers which, as 
will be seen infra, relate to Lord William Powis, 
Lady Mary Herbert, and other persons ; though in the 
volumes at the Record Office they are promiscuously 
inserted among those relating to Sir Percy Herbert. 

Sir Percy Herbert appealed against the decision of 
the Committee of Sequestration acting in the county of 
Montgomery ; the original document is in vol. xxxii, 
on fol. 759, and is as follows : 

1 Since writing the above, I have perused the Act appointing the 
surveyors to make, under heavy penalties, a rigidly accurate survey 
of all forfeited estates, showing where each person's property was 
situated, annual values, nature of tenures, and many other particu- 
lars, which makes it still more desirable that efforts should be made 
to discover the " Survey". 



258 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

" To the Hon'ble ye Commission 'rs authorized by the Parliam't of 
England for Composicons, etc. The Humble peticon of S'r Percy 
Herbert Kn't etc., Sheweth 

" That yo'r pet'r being sequestrated by ye Com'ittee of ye County 
of Montgomery, appealed to ye Com'ittee of Lords and Com'ons for 
sequestracons and had a direo'on to have his charge and to examine 
witnesses and accordingly witnesses are examined and returned unto 
ye Barons but publicac'on is not yet had in ye cause. Now if 'rasmuch 
as yo'r pet'r had divers Materiall witnesses to bee examined for him, 

by name S'r James Palmer, S'r Richard Minshaw, Sergeant 

Dendy, and Mr. Thomas Jones, w'ch by reason of their habitac'ons 
here hee could not have examined iri the cause. 

" That noe cause is at all certify ed nor can be wherein yo'r pet'r 
(? came) within ye Compasse of delinquency but his estate seques- 
tered by order of ye Parliament and the said Barons conceived they 
have not power to determine his cause. 

" Yo'r petitioner therefore addresseth himselfe to yo'r Honors, 
praying that ye Register of ye said may returne ye proceedings in 
ye said cause to yo'r Hono'rs that ye pet'rs witnesses may bee alsoe 
examined and his cause set downe to be heard before yo'r Hono'rs. 

" And yo'r pet'r will ever pray etc. 

" 7th June 1650. "PERCY HERBERT." 1 

There is a marginal note on this document, dated 
12th July 1650, "to produce ye order of ye house 
fu'r appeale." 

There are none of the papers connected with this 
appeal in the volumes at the Record Office, nor have 
I hitherto succeeded in finding them ; which is to be 
regretted, as they would indicate the defence set up 
by Sir Percy against those persons who had charged 
him with recusancy and delinquency ; but there is 
ample evidence in the documents infra, that it availed 
him not ; and I find from State Papers, Domestic, vol. 
5 2 A, that he must have been under personal surveil- 
lance for years subsequent ; for on March 6, 1657-8, 
there is an Order in Council (p. 551) directing him to 
remain in town on his "petition and certificate" (a 
marginal reference refers to i, 478, for the order). Appar- 
ently, by an order of concurrent date (on p. 316 of the 
same volume), some decision had been arrived at rela- 
tive to some portions of his estate, for " the Trustees 

1 Autograph signature. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 259 

for sale of Forfeited Lands were ordered to forbear the 
sale of the Lordships of Kerry, Kedwin, Halciter, and 
Montgomery, co. Montgomery, sometime the estate of 
Sir Percy Herbert, and now of Lord Powis, 1 till further 
order." Prefixed to this order is an asterisk, which 
denoted that all such orders were approved in person 
On the 15th of June following, an Order in Council 
was passed (see State Papers, Domestic, vol. 52B, p. 
576), granting a licence for " Lord Powys to return to 
his house in the country"; and on the following page 
a similar licence, with the words, " and his family", 2 
added. 

On referring to Scobell's Acts and Ordinances, I 
find it was not till 1651, or subsequent to the date of 
the above petition of Sir Percy Herbert, that his 
estates were absolutely forfeited to the Commonwealth. 
I have extracted from the Act 3 the following sections, 
which related to many other Royalists as well, but I 
have altered the words of the Act from the plural, so 
as to exhibit how it applied to each person who is 
named in it: 

" Whereas the estates of Sir Piercy Herbert, son of Lord Powys, 
have been and are hereby declared and adjudged to be justly for- 
feited by him for his several Treasons against the Parliament and 



1 This expression is not very clear, but as William Lord Powis 
died and was buried at Hendon on the 21st June 1656 (Hendon 
Register), it is apparent that Sir Percy is meant. 

2 On the 26th February 1649-50, an Act (cap. 72) was passed 
" for Removing all Papists, officers, and soldiers of fortune and divers 
other delinquents, from London and Westminster and confining them 
within five miles of their dwellings" (in the Archaeologia, vol. xxxiv, 
pp. 465-70, in the paper on Sir Percy Herbert, by Charles Henry 
Cooper, Esq., the words " within five miles" are omitted), " and for 
the encouragement of such as discover priests and Jesuits, their 
Receivers and Abettors."* It was to continue till March 20, 1 650-51 . 
On the 19th of March in the latter year it was extended till the 1st 
of November, and does not appear to have been renewed.f 

3 Cap. x, 1651. 



Scobell, 1649-50, p. 104. t Scobell, 1650-1, p. 152. 



260 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

people of England, Be it therefore enacted, and it is enacted by this 
parliament and the authority thereof, that all the Manors, Lands, 
Tenements, and Hereditaments, with their and every of their appur- 
tenances whatsoever which he the said Sir Piercy Herbert was 
seized or possessed of in possession, reversion, or remainder on the 
20th of May 1642, or at any time since, and all rights of entry in or 
to the said Manors, Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments which he 
had the said 20th of May 1642, be and hereby are vested, settled, 
adjudged, and deemed to be, and are hereby in the real and actual 
possession of William Skinner, Win. Robinson, Sampson Sheffield, 
Samuel Gooking, Henry Sealey, William Lisle, and Arthur Samwel, 
Esqrs." 1 

In a subsequent clause of the Act there is provision 
made for the payment of a rent-charge out of the 
manor of Hendon, of sixty pounds per annum, during 
the life of Margaret, relict of Nicholas Hooker, goldsmith 
and citizen of London, to her or her assigns, payable 
in four equal quarterly instalments, with power, in case 
of default, for the said Margaret to distrain. 2 

The manor of Hendon was granted by Gervase de 
Blois, Abbot of Westminster, a natural son of King 
Stephen (who is accused of having alienated many of 
the possessions of the Church), to Gilbert, the son of 
Gunter, subject to a rent of forty pounds per annum. 3 
The manor continued in lay hands till the year 1313, 
when Richard le Rous, who held it under the Abbot and 
Convent of Westminster, gave it to the Monastery in 
exchange for that of Hodford, in the same parish. The 
manor being thus recovered, continued in the posses- 
sion of this convent till its dissolution, when it was 
seized by the Crown, and made part of the short-lived 
Bishopric of Westminster. Bishop Thirlby, in 1550, 
surrendered it to King Edward VI (Record in Augmen^ 
tation Office), who granted it the same year to Sir 
William Herbert. 4 Sir Edward, second son of Sir 
William Herbert (afterwards Earl of Pembroke), died 

1 Scobell, p. 156, 1651. Several of these persons, as will be seen 
infra, signed some of the documents which I have copied from 
Royalist Composition Papers. 

2 Scobell, p. 165, 1651. 8 Dart, vol. i, p. 23. 
4 Patent, 4 Edw. VI, pt. 9, April 9th. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 261 

seized of it anno 37 Elizabeth. 1 It descended from 
him in a right line to William, Earl of Powis, who 
was created a marquis by King James II, and for his 
attachment to that monarch forfeited both his estates 
arid titles. The manor of Hendon was granted to the 
Earl of Rochford, 2 but it being discovered that it had 
been settled upon the Marchioness of Powis before her 
husband's attainder, the grant never took effect. It con- 
tinued in a branch of the family till the year 1757, 
when it was alienated by Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, 
who inherited this and other estates of the last Mar- 
quis of Powis, to Mr. Clutterbuck, in trust for the 
celebrated David Garrick, then patentee of Drury Lane 
Theatre. 3 

The rectorial tithes were the property of Sir Percy 
Herbert, for it appears that in 1650 it was reported to 
the Commissioners appointed to inquire into the state 
of ecclesiastical benefices that the parsonage of Hendon, 
worth about 190 per annum, lately belonged to Sir 
Percy Herbert, a recusant convict : that the vicarage, 
with the house, etc., was worth about 55 ; and that 
Francis Wareham, an able minister, put in by the 
Parliament, was the incumbent, to whom an augmen- 
tation of 37 per annum had been granted by the 
Committees. 4 Many members of the Herbert family 
are buried at Hendon. 

" Hendon House was the place where Cardinal Wol- 
sey, after losing the favour of his sovereign, lodged the 
first night when he set out on his journey towards 
Yorkshire." 5 Says Norden, " The Manor House of Sir 
Edward Herbert, Knt., where now is often resident 
Sir John Fortescue, Knt., * One of her Majesty's most 
honourable privie council, when he taketh the ayre in 
the country'." The Niccoll family were described as 

1 Harl. MSS. 760. 

2 8 William, pt. 5, No. 9. 

3 Lysons, Environs of London, vol. iii. 

4 Parliamentary Surveys, Lapibeth MSS. 

5 Stow's Annals, 4to., p. 934. 



262 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

of Hendon Place during the greater part of the 17th 
century. Perhaps they also were tenants under the 
Herberts. It was sold about 1750 to Thomas Snow, 
Esq., by whom the old mansion was pulled down. 1 

There was formerly a very remarkable cedar tree at 
this place, which was blown down by the high wind 
on the 1st January 1779. Sir John Cullum gives its 
dimensions thus : The height, 70 feet ; diameter of 
the horizontal extent of its branches, 100 feet ; the 
circumference of the trunk, 7 feet from the ground, 
16 feet; at 12 feet from the ground, 20 feet; the 
limbs, from 6 feet to 12 feet in girth. He adds that 
the gardener, two years before it was blown down, made 
50 of the cones. 2 

The little book written by Sir Percy Herbert, re- 
ferred to by Mr. Richard Williams, F.R.H.S., in his bio- 
graphical sketch in "Montgomeryshire Worthies", ap- 
pears to have been composed during the period of his 
confinement within the "five-mile' radius from his 
residence, as he refers to it in the introduction. The 
copy in the British Museum is a presentation-copy by 
King George III, and is in excellent preservation. It 
would appear, by a date inserted on the frontispiece in 
writing, to have been published on May 7th, 1652, as 
it is bound up with pamphlets of the period, between 
one on " The Land of Canaan, as it was possessed by the 
Twelve Tribes, etc.", and the French Intelligencer, No. 
25, for May 9th, 1652. The Museum reference to it 
is E ~. A perusal of the book would, I think, in- 
duce a reader to conclude that Sir Percy Herbert was a 
man of strong religious convictions. He appears to 
have composed it as a guide for his son, who had then 
just recovered from a severe illness : and the senti- 
ments Sir Percy Herbert expressed in almost every 
page fully uphold the motto which he printed on the 
frontispiece 

" Dens primus Hotios proxime." 

1 Lysons, Environs of London, vol. iii. 

2 Gentleman's Magazine, 1799, p. 138. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 263 



I. Documents relating to Sir Percy Herbert's Montgomeryshire 

Estates. 

Vol. XXXVII, fo. 147. To the hon'ble the Coin'rs for com- 
pounding, etc. The humble peticon of Kyffin Lloyd of Poole, in the 
County of Montgomery. 

Sheweth, That yo'r peticoner hath bin for some years past & 
still is Tenant to the State, to a Tenement & some Land thereunto 
belonging in Poole aforesaid, sequestred for the delinquency of S'r 
Percy Herbert. Yo'r pet'rs Lease being nowe expiring, addressed 
himselfe to the Com'rs for North Wales to renew his Lease, who 
returned him answer that the power was not in them to Lease any 
estates. 

Yo'r pet'r therefore humbly desires this hon'ble Com'ttee to 
give order to the aforesaid Com'rs to Lease the said Tenem't & Land 
unto yo'r pet'r for another yeare, the same haueing bin hitherto but 
of ye yearly Value of 30s. 

And he shall ever pray, etc. KYFFIN LLOYD. 

19 July 1650. 

Ordered that directions be giuen by ye Com'rs below to letfc 
a lease to ye pet'r, being present Tenant, hee glueing as good 
and valuable a rent as any other. E. W. 

Appeal e. 

Vol. XXXII, fo. 698. (Endorsed) " An Order dated the 24th of 
Ffeb. 1651, to seize and sell all woods that are ffelled and cutt downe, 
which lately did belong to S'r Percy Herbert in Montgomeryshire." 

Fo. 697. S'r Piercy Herbert. Tuesday, 24 Febr. 1661. 

By the Trustees appoynted by Acte of Parliam't for the Sale of 

Lands and Estates forfeited to the Comonwealth for Treason. 

Whereas wee are informed that great quantityes of wood have 
been cutt downe in seuerall p'tes of the estate Late S'r Piercie Har- 
berts, in the County of Montgomery, since ye same was vested in the 
said Trustees, to the preiudice of the Comonwealth. These are to 
Authorize and require you to repaire unto the seu'all places where the 
said woods are cutt downe a,s afforesaid, and to seize upon such woods 
as shall be found to bee felled and cutt downe upon any p'te of the said 
Landes to the use of the State, and to make sale thereof to the best 
advantage at the best rates that cann bee gotten for the same, and 
to be accountable 1 from time to time for the money thereby raysed 
& *your proceedings thereon. You are alsoe to use yo'r best en- 
deavor for preventing the like spoyle or cuttinge downe of Woodes 
for the future, and to giue us a p'ticular accompt of the offenders 
therein, to the end that the intrest of the Comonwealth may be pre- 
serued. SAM. GOOKIN. WM. ROBINSON. 

SAM. SHEFFIELD. Wi. LISLE. 
HENRY SEALEY. 

1 Interlined in a different handwriting. 



264 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Fo. 690. {Endorsed) " Sir George Whitmores, order, etc., for 
taking of Sequestrac'ons." 

26 ffebr. 1652. 

Whereas S'r ' Geo. Whitmore, Charles Whitmore, & Geo. Whit- 
more did on ye 31st of December last contract w'th ye said Trustees 
for ye purchase of the Mannors of Mochnant, Mechant, Utchoed, & 
Mechen Yschoed, w'th the lands thereunto respectively belonging in 
the County of Montgomerie, late parcell of the Estate of S'r Percie 
Herbert, Knight. 

And whereas the said S'r Geo. Whitmore, Charles Whitmore, 
and George Whitmore paid in the first Moyetee of ye purchase 
money due on upon ye said contract on ye 25th instant, as by the 
acquittance of ye Treas'r for ye moneys raised by Sale of ye said 
estates may appeare, ORDERED yt ye Com'rs for Compounding at 
Goldsmith Hall be desired to give direccon to ye Com'rs of Seques- 
tracons for ye said County yt they p'mitt ye said Purchasers or 
their Assignes quietly to enioy ye p'emises and take the Bents, issues, 
and proffitts thereof according to ye said Contract, and yt ye Ten- 
nants and occupiers of the p'mises or any p'te thereof doe pay their 
respective Bents unto ye said S'r Geo. Whitmore, Chas. Whit- 
more, & Geo. Whitmore, or such as they shall appoint to receive 
ye same, at such dayes and tymes as ye same shall from tyme to tyme 
growe due and payable, and not to any former Collector or Beceiver 
of ye same. HENRY SEALEY. ARTHUR SAMWELL. 

WM. ROBINSON. Wi. LISLE. 

MATT. VALENTINE. 

Jurat'r. GEO. BILLINGHURST, Sec'r. 

William Knarsb rough tnaketh oath that he rec'd this order from 
Mr. Billinghurst, Secretary to the with in named trustees, as their 
order. WM. KNARSBROUGH. 

Sworne before ye Comm'rs, ye 16 of March 1652. 

R. M. 

Fo. 701. A similar order, dated 24th March 1652, in favour of 
the same parties, for the " Mannors of Llanercbidell, Tierteffe, & 
Sti-etmarcell, with the lands, Tenements, & hereditaments thereunto 
belonging, being parcell of the Baronie of Powis in the Countie of 
Montgomerie, late parcell of the Estate of S'r Piercie Herbert, Knight." 
Fo. 703. A similar order, dated 24th March 1652, in favour of Wil- 
liam Fownes, gent., for the manor of Careinion. Fo. 705. A similar 
order, dated 24th March 1652, in favour of Charles Lloyd, Esq., for a 
" Messuage with the appurtenan's and a Plott of grounde lyiug and 
beinge in Poole, within the Manor of Llanner Thudule, Tertresse, 
& Stretmarcell, or one of them." 

Fo. 709. Percy Herbert. 

This document is written partly in shorthand, and is mutilated. 
The figures, 700, 2,000, and the names S'r P., Coll. Mackworth, 
Herbert, and Knarsbrough occur among the shorthand characters. 
Beneath the above the following is written : 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 265 

16 Junij 1652. 

Upon reading a 1're fro ye Trustees for sale, etc. dat. 25 Jan'y 
1652 current 1 .... of Mr. Owen Andrewes, one of the Surveyors 
to the Trustees, who informes us yt .... let for 700 a yeare, & 
yt hee will giue 2000 a yeare for it and good citt[y] .... security 
to make good the same, & that ye Ten'ts are behynde hand of their 
La[st] .... rents, & upon reading of a written moc ? on put in on 
behalfe of ye .... by Mr. Vaughan, their Counsell, Dat. 6 Apr. 52, 
& consideracon of y[e] .... matter. It is ordered that both p'tyes 
be heard to morrow 7 night in the afternoon, &ytMr. Knarsbrough, 
one of ye Ten'ts, haue notice hereof, to the end he m[ay] . . . then 
appeare. 

Fo. 714. The document on this folio has been torn, and is almost 
unintelligible ; but, perused in connection with the document on fo. 
729, its import will be perceived. 

Whereas the Com'rs for compo the County of Mont- 
gomery Rogers & Wm. Knarsbrough, gent of 

the s'd Countie, Knt., seq'd for for 7 years, if they sho 

would giue for ye same, & for as m ... . haue let ye 

s'd estate to ye, Bog .... att a certaine rent, & for as much a 

.... of the s'd Percye's estate in ye s'd the paym't of the 

rent of ye s'd a menconed p'sons. It is humbly prayed yt 

paid to the s'd Rogers and Knarsbrough be actually sold 

(they paying the rent a the same), & yt noe tymber or other 

wood .... the s'd Lands, and yt such tymber as haue been & 
carried away by order or countenance of the s'd be restored. 
6 April 1652. R. VAUGHAN. 

That ye Com'rs do not p'mitt ye Surveyors to fell or sell any 
Tymber or wood, or to use any rents, till ye sale be made 
and allowed by us. And in ye meane tytneyerentsberec'd 
by Rogers from ye Tenants to w'ch they haue now let ye 
same. 

Fp. 722. The 7th of July 1652. I hereby declare my self wiUing 
to give fowerteene hundred powndes Rent p. ann. for two p'tes of S'r 
Percy Herberts late Estate, haueing a lease thereof for seaven yeares u 
from .... next ensueing, in such ample manner 2 .... Comittee 
in Wales lett the same for 7 .... p. ann., letfc it lye where it will 
in Wales. OWEN AN[DRBWES]. 

S'r Peircey Harbert. 

Mr. Owen Andrewes offer for S'r Percy Herberts Lands in 
North Wales, 1400 p. ann. 

Fo. 723. This document is mutilated, but I have inserted in the 
blank places a suggested reading of the omissions, which are in 
italics. 

The paper is torn off where the dots occur in this. 
2 Document mutilated. 
VOL. XIX. T 



266 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

The Examination of Humphrey Jones of Buttington, in the 
County of Montgomery, Bayliff unto S'r Percy Herbert, Kn't, one of 
the Traytors named in the Late Acte made for the sale of seueral 
Estates fforfeited to the Comonwealth ffor Treason, taken the 
Third day of March 1651, By Vertue of an Order of ye Hono'ble 
Trustees ffor sale of the said Estates, Dated . . . . of January 1651. 

Sayeth that about fibwer yeares agoe he receaved the annexed 
ffrom the Com'ittee of the County of Montgomery whose names are 
hereunto subscribed. And this examinat \>eing Bailiff to S'r Percy 
Herbert, & knowing that the farm house and buildings wherein S'r 
Percy's Lady then Lived & held as her Thirds, were out of repaire, 
he, this Examinat, asked Coll. Hugh Price, one of the Committee, 
whether he, this Examinat, might not sell some hollow & decayed 
trees on S'r Percy's land to pay for the saweing and working of such 
Timber trees as the said Lady should have occasions to use .... 
towards the repaire of the gaide farme house, ffor that the said Lady 
then wanted ready moneys to pay for the same, and he, the said Coll., 
& the rest of the Comittee, Answered this examinat that he might 
doe soe. Whereupon, in or about ffebruary . ... he caused a 
Timber Tree to be ffelled in Mathravall ffreeth .... parcell of 
S'r Piercy's Estate in Montgom'y shire, well worth f(our ?) poundes, & 
caused it to be sawed into Boordes, which were all made use of ffor 
the repaire of Buttington farme house. And this ~E^a,minat sould a 
Windtallen Tree there to Robert Griffith, groeiug neere the said 
ffreeth, ffor fforty shillinges. And in Anno 1648 he sould to the said 
Robert Griffith two other Trees there ffor Three poundes ; And in the 
year 1649 he caused to be ffelled and sould to one Bees ap Richards, 
living neere the said ffreeth, one Tree for two and Twenty shillinges ; 
to David ap John, of or neere the said ffreeth, one Tree for fforty 
shillings ; to Daniel Craft'e, of or neere the said ffreeth, one Stubbe 
Tree ffor eleven shillings ; to Robert Thomas ap Meredith of Llan- 
gynnew Parish, one Tree ffor Thirty shillings ; to Charles Boudler of 
Mivott, gent., one thousand of shingles made of the Trees in the said 
ffreeth, for Thirty Three shillings ffower pence. And about two 
yeares since this Examinat, by Order ffrom S'r Percy's Lady, Sould 
Several Trees ffrom of S'r Percy's Landes in Llanvylling in the said 
County, ffor which he receaved betweene eight and nine poundes, 
which he paid to the said Lady, but saieth he knoweth not how 
many Trees he then sould there, nor to whom. And about two 
moneths agoe he sould by the said Ladye's Order two other Trees 
ffrom off S'r Percy's Landes by Llanvylling unto a Miller there ffor 
thirty shillinges, whereof he onely receaved twelve pence, the rest 
whereof is yett unpaid. And in December last he did, by order 
ffrom S'r Percy and his Lady, Sell Stubb Trees ffrom of Mivott ffreeth 
to Mr. Davis, the Minister of Mivott in the said County, ffor . . . . ? 
shillinges, ffor which he acknowledgedth himselfe to be yett owing. 
And this Examinat saieth that S'r Peercy & his Lady, or one of them, 
since the date of the said Com'ittee's Order (viz't, in the .... gaue 
to Humphrey Watkins of Poole one Timber tree ; to Robert Reynolds, 
S'r Percy's man, one other Timber tree. And in the yeare 1649 gaue 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 267 

to Mr. Lloyd Piers, one of the said Com'ittee, ffower Timber Trees 
well worth three poundes or more one with an other ; To Mr. Gabriell 
Hynne, an other of the said Com'ittee, Three Trees well worth Seaven 
ponndes, ffor w'ch he gaue fforty Shilliuges. And in the year 1650 
gaue to Humphrey Jones, now one of the Bayleiffes of Poole, two 
Trees well worth fforty shillinges a peece, & to this examinat one 
Tree well worth fforty shillinges ; and since Midsom'er last gaue to 
Meredith Lloyd of Poole, gent., one Timber worth three poundes & 
better ; & to John Owen of Llanvayre, one of S'r Percy's Bayliffes, one 
Tree very well worth forty shillinges or more. Andffurther this exami- 
nat sayeth that in the said yeare 1 650 a ten'nt of S'r Percy's in Math- 
ravall did by S'r Percey's order cause three or ffower Trees worth 
about fforty or fifty shillinges a peece to be ffelled & disposed of to 
repaire his house. And Evan Meredith, /ate Tennant to S'r Percy in 
Mathravall, caused A Tree worth twenty shillinges to be ffelled in 
Mathravall aforesaid, & disposed Hereof. All which said Trees were 
ffelled in and upon S'r Percye's late groundes, p'cell of the Demesnes 
of Red Castle, & in and upon Mathravall Parke and ffreeth, Mivott 
ffreelh, and S'r Percy's said Lands neere Llanvylling aforesaid ; and 
before this examinat cam to be bay life to S'r Percy, one John Boud- 
ler of Grilsfield (Guilsfield*) parish, in the said county, & Capt. 
Garbett of Buttington p'ish, had one Tree apeece, worth betwene 
ffower and five poundes, given to them by S'r Percey's Lady about 
ffiue yeares agoe, which they had out of Mathravell Parke & ffreeth. 
And this Examinat saieth that hee had not nor receaved in all the 
sum'e of ffaffcy poundes ffor all or any the Trees that were ffelled in or 
upon all or any the late Landes of the said S'r Percey Herbert, & con- 
fesseth & saith that there went not aboue Thirty Timber Trees & ffif tie 
saplings to repaire the said ffarrne house att Buttington, And the 
outhouses & hedges, which Thirty Timber Trees were ffelled in and 
taken out of the said Red Castle Parke, Buttington ffarme, & Math- 
ravall ffreeth aforesaid, & were worth fforty shillinges apeece. And 
the said ffif ty sapplinges were had and taken ffrom & out of S'r Percys 
late groundes neare Red Castle, Whereof the Goue'or of Red Castle 
hath a note, & they were worth three shillinges and ffower pence 
Apeece. And saieth that ffrances Boudler of Llangynnew, this exam- 
inat's Deputy Baylife, is to be accountable and Chargeable with and 
ffor all the wastes donne & Com'itted in and upon the said Mathravall 
ffreeth since May last past ; and, lastly, saieth that he is out of Parse 
ffor layeinge Eight Thousand shingles att Buttington ffarme, and 
Three poundes & ffower shillinges ffor carriage of the said Shingles, 
and Boardes ffifty shillinges ; ffor saweinge six thousand ffoot of 
Boardes, six poundes ; And ffor making of two Saw Pitts, six shillings 
and eightpence ; & confesseth he receaued by the sale of the Trees 
ffelled and Sould by him and others ffrom and out of the p'misses 
betweene thirty and fforty poundes. But (?) saieth there were more of 
Receipts and disbursments than (?) he can now give account of, which 
account he delieu'ed to the said Lady. 

The mark of the said Examinat HUMPHREY H JONES. 

T 2 



2G8 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

This was read unto him, & by him acknowledged and sub- 
scribed with his mark in presence of us, 

OWEN ANDREWS. LODOWICKE MYDDELTON. 
G. GENTLEMAN. CHRISTOPHER PARGITOR. 

Fo. 728. To the Hon'ble ye Com'e for Compoundinge. The 
Humble petic'on of Reignold Rogers and William Knarsbrough, 
gent. 

Shewinge, That yo'r peticon'rs, being by yo'r Hon'rs order 
Ten'nts to ye Com'onwealth for p'te of S'r Percy Herberts estate lyinge 
in Mountgomeryshire, & haueing receiued seuerall obstructions in ye 
collecting of thir Rents, occasioned by ye late Survey of ye Said 
estate, to their greate p'uidice, as it hath beene formerly certified 
unto yo'r hono'rs. 

By reason whereof a great p'te of ye Rents, Tolls, Issues, & p'ffitts 
therby due unto yo'r peticon'rs haue been withheald from them, 
contrary to yo'r hono'rs former order therein. 

In tender considerac'on wherof, & in regard yt ye said estate is 
now contracted for, & shortly to come into ye hands of ye Purchaser, 
yo'r Peticon'rs humbly pray that they may be enabled to gather & 
receive ye same, & in case of refusall by ye p'ties concerned, yt ye 
Sequestrators of ye said County may be ordered to be ayding unto 
yo'r peticon'rs for ye collecting thereof. 

And yo'r peticon'rs shall pray, etc. 

22 Dec. 16.52. REIGNOLD ROGERS. 

WILL. KNARSBROUGH. 

The Comm'rs below to assist them in ye rec. (recovery ?) of ye 
rents, copy last od'r, and peticon. 

Fo. 729. * By the Comm'rs for Compoundinge. 6 Aprilis 1652. 

Upon motion of Rice Vaughan, esq., in behalfe of Thomas Rogers, 
Reignold Rogers, & William Knarsbrongh, gent., ten'nts to the Com- 
mon Wealth for the estate of S'r Percy Herbert, in the Countie of 
Mountgom'rie, Seq'd for his recusancie and delinquencie for the 
tearme of seaven yeares (moving that forasmuch as the now Sur- 
veyors of the sayd estate, before any Survey is made thereof, have 
inhibited the paym't of the rent of the sayd estate to the sayd p'sons, 
The sayd rent may be payed to them, the sayd ten'nts, untill the sayd 
estate be occupied or sonlde), they payinge the rent agreed upon for 
the same, and that no tymber nor other wood shall be felled upon the 
said Lands. And that suche tymber as haue beene felled and Carried 
away by order or Countenance of the Trustees may be restored. It 
is ordered that the Commissioners for seq'cons in ye said County 
of Montgom'ie be, and are hereby required to take Care they doe 
not p'mitt the Surveyors of the afforesayd p'misses to fell or sell any 
timber or wood, or to receive any 'Rent of the sayd p'mises till sale 

1 This document is torn on the margin. I have suggested, in 
italics, the probable missing words or letters. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 269 

be made thereof by ye Trustees .... and allowed by us, And that 
in the meane tyme the Rents be received by the afforesayd Ten'nts 
to whom the sayd Comm'rs have Lett the same. 

WILL'M MOHNS. SAM. MOYER. 

EDW. WIN SLOW. 

RICH. MOORE. 

Endorsed " 6 Aprilis 1652. 

*' An Order upon mocon of Mr. Rice Vaughan for not interrupting 
Powis Rents until the estate be actually sold and allowed 
of by the sayd Com'ittee for compounding, as allso to 
p'hibitt cutting and carry [ing] away wood, & for restoring 
that hathe allready been carried away. 
" HERBERT S'R PEROT." 

Fo. 752. Rogers & oth'r Ten'ts, etc. S'r Percy Harberts Estate. 

21 June 1650. 

To the hon'ble the Com'rs of Parliament for Compounding with 
Delinquents. 

The humble petic'on of Thomas Rogers, Reignold Rogers, and 
William Knarsbrough, 

Sheweth, That S'r Percye Harberts estate in the County of 
Mountgomery hath beene for seuerall yeares last past sequestred 
from him as a recusant and delinquent, and a certificate of the yearly 
value is already returned to yo'r Lordshipps by the Comm'rs of the 
said Countie. 

That yo'r pet'rs doe fi.nd by a late Act of Parliament, bearinge 
date 25 June 1649, that yo'r honors haue power to lett leases of any 
Delinq'ts estates for seaven years from the date of the aforesaid Act 
to any fitt and able person or persons that are well affected to the 
Parliament, att such rent as shall be agreed upon. 

Yo'r peticon'rs therefore humbly pray that yo'r hono'rs wilbe 
pleased to admitt them Tennants to the premisses, att such yearely 
rent as the same is now lett & hath beene lett before theise troubles, 
with due considerac'on and respect had of the legal Annuities & 
issues out of the same, and deduction of all publique taxes, repaires of 
buildings, and other iust chardges incident thereto. 

And yo'r pet'rs will pray, etc, 

THOMAS ROGERS. 
REYNOLD ROGERS. 

Rec'd 14 June 119. WM, KNARSBROUGH. 

21 June 1650. Referred to ye Com'rs in ye Country to lett it to 
the best aduantage. 

Vol. ^XXVIII, fo. 115, lib. ii, 479. By the Com'rs for Com- 
pounding, etc. l mo Junij 1652. 

" Upon reading a certificate from ye Com'rs for Seq'ns in ye 
County of Mountgomery, of the 17th of May last, upon our order of 
the 6th of Aprill last, whereby wee ordered them to take care and 



270 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

not to p'mitt the Surveyors of ye estate of S'r Percy Herbert in ye 
said County, seq'd for his Recusancy and Delinq'cy, to sell or fell 
any Tymber or wood, or to receiue any of the rents till actual! sale 
should ye made thereof, and in ye meanetyme ye Rents to be received 
by the Ten'nts unto whom they sett ye same. The said Com'rs 
now certifieing yt, in pursuance of our said Ord'r, they issued forth 
their order to prohibitt any waste or spoyle of ye Woods or Tymber, 
and the Ten'ntg to receive ye rents according to Lease ; and that not- 
withstanding ye said orders were shown to Robert Lloyd of Castle- 
moch, geiit'n, who p'tends that he bought a p'cell of wood of ye 
Surveyors employed by the Trustees for the sale of ye said Estate 
before ye Date of our said order, hee refuseth to take notice of 
either of the said Orders ; and they likewise certifie yt they have 
imployed Judicious men to view & ouersee ye p'tended bargaine of 
wood w'ch he alleadged to them to bee bought of ye said surveyors, 
who certifie to them, ye said Com'rs, that what he saith hee bought 
for thirty pound is well worth eighty pound, if not one hundred 
pound ; and yt ye saidd Mr. Lloyd doth enioy ye proffitts of the Tolle 
of ye Towne of Llan vailing, belonging to the said S'r Percy Herbei'ts 
estate, by virtue of some pretended graunt from ye said Surveyors, 
upon Consid'racon whereof, It is ordered yt ye Com'rs for Seq'cons 
in North Wales doeforthw'th take ye woods or Tymber soe p'tended 
to bee bought by ye said Mr. Lloyd into their Custody, and what 
wood or Tymber is fallen from ye said estate, and that they take 
care that noe more Tymber or wood be felled from off ye premisses 
till further order, and see that ye Ten'nts receiue the rents and 
Tole of ye Towne of Llanvalling, according to their Leases. And 
for p'formance hereof, in case of resistance, they are hereby required 
& authorized to call ye Power of ye County for their assistance, and 
that they give us a speedy account of theire proceedings, 

A true copy, exa'ied. 
Ex'd, S, W. (?) T. BAYLEY. 

Fo. 135. By the Com'rs for Compoundinge etc, 

5 January 1652. 1 

Upon reading our ord'r of the First of June last touching 
certaine Tymber and other wood p'tended to be bought by Robt. 
Lloyd of the Surveyors imployed for surveying the Estate of Sir 
Percy Herbert (being felled from off the said Estate), and hearing 
of Councell for the said Mr. Lloyd, and p'usall of a Receipt under 
the hands of the Tre'rs at Goldsmiths hall, dated the 26th of July 
last, whereby they acknowledge the receipt of twenty foure pounds 
and twelve shillings of Owen Andrews and Capt. George Gent, 
Esqr., for tymber Trees and other Wood by them sold unto Robt. 
Lloyd, Gent., w'ch lately were S'r Peircy Herbert's, in Mount- 
gomerysheir ; and whereas it is certified by the Com'rs for seq'con 
in the said County, that they have employed Judicious men to view 

1 1652-3. 



SIR PEKCY HERBERT. 271 

and ou'see the said p'tended bargain, and that they certifie them that 
what the said Mr. Lloyd sayeth he bought for Thirty pounds is well 
worth Eighty pounds, and consideracon had of what hath been now 
offered by the Councell in behalfe of the pet'r, It is ordered that it 
be referred to the Com'rs for Seq'cons in North Wales to view & 
consider of ye p'tended bargaine, and to set a moderate Estimate 
upon ye said Tymber trees & other wood, & sell ye same to the said 
Mr. Lloyd, hee giving what ye same be worth, and in their agree- 
ment with him yt they doe allow him the fower and twenty pounds 
twelve shillings by him already paid, and such charges as he 
necessarily hath expended in squaring and fitting the said Tym- 
ber, and of their proceeding herein that they forthwith give an 
account to us. (No signature.) 

Fo. 56. To the hon'ble the Com'rs for Compounding, etc. 

The humble peti'con of S'r George Whitmore, Charles Whitmore, 
and George Whitmore, Esqrs. 

Shewing, That yo'r pet'rs purchased of ye trustees at ye 

Lo'pps of Llannerchedell, Tortriffe, & Straight Marshall, p'cell of ye 
Barony of Powis, in ye County of Mountgomery, ohargable with an 
anuity of fiue hundred pounds p. ann. dureing ye naturall life of 
Wm. Lord Powiss. 

That ye same was formerly paid into yo'r tresury, & is now put 
into the late additional act for sale. 

Therefore yo'r pet'rs humbly request yo'r hon'rs to graunt an 
order to yo'r pet'rs, that the same, duringe ye life of ye said Wm. 
Lord Powis (or untill sale thereof), may be paid unto yo'r treas', & 
yt yo'r Aud's may deduct ye contribution and charges thereof, and 
allow ye same to yo'r pet'rs, 

GEO. WHITMORE. 

And they shall ever pray, etc. CHARLES WHITMORE, 

En'd, 19 Aug. 1653. GEO. WHITMORE. 

A true copy, 20 Aug. 53. -T. BAYLET, 

Fo. 57. By the Com'rs for Compounding, etc. 

19 Aug. 1653. 

Upon reading the peticon of S'r George Whitmore, -Charles 
Whitmore, and George Whitmore, Esq. (a copy whereof is hereunto 
annexed, and attested by our Reg'r), It is ordered that it be referred 
to Mr. Auditor Moyer to p'use the said peticon, and to examine as 
to the contribuc'ons and taxes therein menc'oned, and make report 
thereof to us. JOHN YATES. RICH. MOOKE. 

(A signature here which I could not deoiphei'.) EDW. CART. 

v. Ill, v. 173. 
S'r Geo. } 

Charles > Whitmore. 
George j 

T. S., 20 Aug. 53. 

T. BAYLEY. 



272 



ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 



Fo. 59. Accordinge to yo'r Order of the 19th of August 1653, 
whereby it is referred to me to p'use the petic'on of S'r George Whit- 
more, Charles Whitmore, and George Whitmore, Esqrs., and to 
examine as to the Contribucons and taxes therein menc'oned, I have 
examined and doe finde as followeth 

That by yo'r order of the 4th of December 1652, entered the 
16th of March 1652, 1 The said S'r George Whitmore, Charles Whit- 
more, and George Whitmore, Esqrs., did, on the 8th of October 1652, 
contract with the trustees for Sale of Lands and estates forfeited 
to the Comonwealth for Treason, for the purchase of the Manner 
of Llanerchidell, Teertreefe, and Stretmercell, with the lands, Tene- 
ments, and hereditaments thereunto belonging, parcell of the Bar- 
rony of Powis, in the County of Montgomery, late p'cell of the 
Estate of S'r Percy Herbert, Knight, etc. 

And in an account signed by S'r George Whitmore, Charles 
Whitmore, and George Whitmore aforesaid, the said S'r George, 
Charles, and George Whitmore doe acknowledge themselves Debitors 
to half a yeare's Rent, growing due the 25th of March 1653, out of 
the Mannor of Llanerchedells & Teirtriffe and Stretmarcell, p'cell 
of the Lo'pp of Powis aforesaid, for the yearely Rent of 500, pay- 
able duringe the life of the Lord Powis, The some of Two hundred 
and fifty poundes. 

Also in the said account is menc'oned, paid for Taxes and Con- 
tribucons, the some of xviijVi. xvs. And William Knarsbrough, 
Agent to the said S'r George, Sworne before you the 31st of August 
1653, maketh oath that the abouesaid Amount for taxes is true, to 
the best of his knowledge, the due proporcon with which the said 
5QOH. p. Ann. ought to beare and pay. 

The said S'r George Whitmore, Charles Whitmore, and George 
Whitmore, Esq., are 



To sequestracons for 
halfe a years Rent, pay- 
able duringe the life of 
William Lord Powis, 
due the 25th of March 
1653 



Debitors. 
I. s. d. 



250 



By taxes and Contribu- 
tion ,..., 
Soe rests due to Ballance 



Creditors. 
I. s. d. 



18 15 
231 05 



250 



All which is humbly submitted. 

Sep. ye 7th, 1653. WM. MOTER, Aud'r. 

Fo. 61. To the hon'ble the Com'rs for Compounding. 

Petition of S'r Geo. Whitmore. 31 Aug. 1653. 

S'r Georg Whitmore deteynes from the Comonwealth 250, 
being one halfe year's rent of an Aimity or Rent charge of 500 a 
yeare (charged upon the lands of S'r Percy Herbert, in the county 
of Montgomery, paiable to William, Lord Powys, due on the 25th 
day of March 1653, which lands the sayd S'r George Whitmore did 



1602-3. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 273 

purchase at Drury House, S'r Percy Herbert being inserted in the 
last Act for sale of delinquents Estates. 

31 Aug. 1652. JOHN PULFOUD. 

friday next for S'r George Whitmore, upon notice to pay in the 
mony aboue, or show cause to the contrary. 

R. M. J. V. 
THO. FFOWL. 

Fo. 63. To the Honourable the Commissioners for Compound- 
ing. The humble peticon of S'r George Whitmore, Charles Whit- 
more, & George Whitmore, Esqrs. 

Shewing, That yo'r pet'rs purchased of the Trustees at Drury House 
ye Lo'pps of Llanerchedol, Tertriff, & Straight Marshall, p'cell of 
the Barrony of Powis, in ye County of Mountgomery, chargeable 
w'th an Annuity of 500^'. p. annu' dureing the natural life of 
William, Lord Powis. 

That the same was formerly paid into yo'r Treasury, and is now 
putt into the late Aditional Act for sale. 

Therefore yo'r pet'rs humbly request yo'r hono'rs to graurit an 
order to yo'r pet'rs that the same, dureing the life of ye said Wm. 
Lord Powis (or untill sale thereof), may be paid unto yo'r Treasurers, 
& that yo'r Auditor may deduct the contribucon & charges thereof, 
and allow the same to yo'r pet'rs. 

And they shall pray, etc. GEORGE WHITTMORE. 

CHARLES WHITTMORE. 

19 Aug. 53. GEORGE WHITTMORE. 

Referred to Mr. Auditor to examine and report if the Con- 
tribucons &..... 



II. Documents relating to the Manor or Lordship of Pipwell, in 
the County of Northampton, and other lands in settlement, 
to Lady Elizabeth, loife of 'Sir Percy Herbert, Knt. 

Fo. 101. Whitmore, La[dy] Herbert. 26 Feb'y 1651. 

To the Ho'ble the Comittee for aduance of moneys at Haber- 
dashers Hall. The humble petic'on of William Whitmore and 
Thomas Whitmore, Esqrs., and Edmond Sawyer, gent. 

Sheweth, That they are lawfully seized and possessed to them 
and their heirs for euer of the Manour or Lordshipp of pepwell, in 
the County of Northampton, and other lands there, uppon speciall 
trust & confidence that they shaH from tyme to tyme receaue the 
rents and promts of the same, and truly deliuer and pay the same 
unto Dame Elizabeth Herbert, the now wife of S'r Percy Herbert, 
Kt. and Barronett, to her owne hands and for her priuate use and 
rnayntenance, and to uoe other use during the ioynt uaturall Hues of 
the sayd Elizabeth Herbert and S'r Percy Herbert, her husband, 



274 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPEKS. 

which premises were setled in feoffees upon the trust aforesayd, and 
other trusts in the deeds of the premises menconed, before the mar- 
riage of the sayd Dame Elizabeth Herbert. Notwithstanding which 
they are informed that two parts of the sayd Manour and lands are 
sequestred into the hands of the State for the recusancy of the eayd 
S'r Percy Herbert, who nither hath now nor euer had anything to 
doe with the same. 

Therfore they humbly pray, the premisses considered, that the 
Deeds and euidences of the premisses may be p'used by such as you 
shall please to appoint, and that the Comittes of Northamton and 
you may forthwith certifie the cause of the sequestracon of the pre- 
mises, and that the rentt may either remaine in the tenants hands, 
or els that yo'r pet'rs or their assignes may receaue the same, upon 
securitie to be answerable to the State if anything upon the hearing 
of the cause shall appeare to be due unto them. 

And yo'r petio'rs shall pray, etc. 

THOMAS WHITMORE. WILLIAM WHITMOE. 
EDMOND SAWYER. KNARSBROUGH. 

26 Feb. 1651. 

Ye Com'es to certify, & referred to Mr. Bedding to State & 
reporte. J. B. 87- 

Fo. 41. By the Comm'rs for Compounding, etc. 

26ffeb. 1651. 

Upon the peticon of William Whitmore, Thomas Whitmore, 
Esqrs., and Edmund Sawyer, Gent, (a copy whereof is hereunto 
annexed), and attested by our Reg'r. 

It is ordered that it be referred to the Com'rs for Seq'ons in the 
County of North'ton, to p'use and examine the matter of the said 
peticon, and forthwith certifie unto us the grounds and cause of the 
Seq'on of the Mannors, Lands, and p'misses therein menconed, and 
when the same was first Seq'd, and from whom, with w't else they 
know or shall finde materiall in ye case. And it is referred to Mr. 
Readinge to state the peticoner's tytles to the sayd p'misses, and 
report how he finds the same, and report unto us. 

Copia Vera. Ex'd. 

Jo. LEECHE. 

Fo. 43. To the Hono'ble the Com'tee for Compounding att 
Haberdashers Hall. The humble peticon of William Whitmore and 
Thomas Whitmore, Esqrs., and Edmond Sawyer, Gent. 

Sheweth, That they are lawfully seized and poss'ed to ym and 
their heires for euer of the Manno'r or Lordship of Pepwell, in the 
County of North'ton, and other lands there, upon special trust and 
confidence yt they shall from tyme to tyme receine the rents and 
proffits of the same, and truely delieuer and pay the same unto 
Dame Elizabeth Herbert, the now wife of S'r Percy Herbert, Knt. 
and Bart., to her owne hands and for her private use and mayn- 
tenance,aud to uoe other use, dureing the Joynt naturall Hues of the 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 275 

sayd Elizabeth Herbert and S'r Percy Herbert, her husband, which 
premisses were settled in ffeoffees upon ye trust aforesayd, and other 
trusts in the Deeds of the premisses menconed, before the marriage 
of ye sayd Dame Elizabeth Herbert. Notwithstanding which they 
are informed that two p'ts of the sayd Manner and Lands are seq'd 
into the hands of the State for the Recusancy of the sayd S'r Percy 
Herbert, who neither hath now nor euer had anything to do with 
ye same. 

Therefore they humbly pray, the p'misses considered, yt ye 
Deeds and euidences of the premisses may be p'used by such as you 
shall please to appoynt, and yt ye Com'tees of North'ton may forth- 
with c'tifie the cause of ye seq'n of the premisses, & that ye rents 
may either remaine in ye tennants hands, or else that yo'r pet'rs 
and their Assignes may receiue the same, upon security to be 
answearable to ye State, if anything, upon the hearing of the cause, 
shall appeare to be due unto them. 

And yo'r Pet'rs shall pray, etc. 

THOMAS WHITMORE. WILLIAM WHITMOKE. 
EDMOND SAWYER. 

Copia Vera. Ex'd. 

Jo. LEECH. 

Fo. 45. By the Com'rs for seq'ns for the County of North 'ton. 

25 March 1652. 

Gent., According to yo'r Order of the 26th of ffeb. last, 
grounded upon the peticon of William Whitmore, and Thomas Whit- 
more, and Edmond Sawyer, gent., Wee haue examined the matter 
of the said peticon, and doe hereby certifie that wee finde that two 
parts of the Manner or Lordship of Pipwell, in this County, was, 
upon the 10th day of August 1643, seq'd for the Recusancy of S'r 
Piercey Herbert and his Lady, and not for Delinquency. All w'ch 
wee leaue to y'r farther Considerac'on, subscribing ourselves, 

Gent., 

To'r humble Seruants, 

PETER WHALLET. 

Copia Vera. Ex'd. ROBERT GUY. 

Jo. LEECHE. JOHN EKINS. 

J. B.,2 Ap. 52. 

Fo. 47. S'r Edmound Sawyer of Haywood, in the County of 
Barkes, Knt., maketh oath to a pole Deed, bearing Date the first 
day of June 1622, Whereby Elizabeth Crauen, one of the Daughters 
of S'r William Crauen, Knt., late Alderman of the Citty of London, 
deceased, hath graunted, confirmed, & released unto Dame Eliza- 
beth Craven, widdow, & others, all her right, title, and Interest 
unto the Mannor of Pop well and other the lands in the sayd deed 
menconed, was signed, sealed, and delieured as her Act and deed in 
the p'seucc of this Dcponaut and others, whose names are Indorsed 



276 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

uppon the same, and that the said Matthew Leighton, whose name 
is endorsed as a witnesse to the sayd Deed, was then this Deponent's 
servant, & is since Deceased. And hee further Deposeth that one 
Indenture, made in June 1622, Betweene the sayd Dame Elizabeth 
Craven, Widdow, S'r William Whitmore, Knt., & George Whitmore, 
Alderman of the City of London, of the one p't, Percy Herbert, Esq., 
and Elizabeth Craven, one of the daughters of the said Dame Eliza- 
beth Craven, on the other p'te, Conserning the trust of the Manner 
of Pepwell and other Lands in the sayd Indenture menconed, was 
signed, sealed, and delieured by the sayd Percy Herbert & Elizabeth 
Craven, the daughter, as there Act and Deed, in the p'sence of this 
Deponant, and that both the sayd Deeds were sealed and delieured 
at or neare the date of the same, and that both of them were sealed 
before the marriage of S'r Percy Herbert and his now Lady. 

21 Ap'l 1652. EDM. SAWYER. 

Sworne before the Commissioners for Compounding, etc. 

E. M. 

Fo. 49. William Knaresborough of Buttington, in the County 
of Mountgomery, maketh oath to a Deed in rolled, bearing da,te the 
21st Day of ffebruary, in the yeare of our Lord 1651, Betweene S'r 
George Whitmore, Knt., and dame Elizabeth Herbert, wife of S'r 
Percy Herbert, Knt. and Barronett, on the one p'te, and William 
Whitmore, Esq., Thomas Whitmore, of the Middle Temple, Esq., 
and Edmund Sawyer, of the Citty of London, gent., on the other 
p'te, that he saw the sealling and delieuring of the sayd Deed, and 
subscribed his hand thereunto as a witnesse that the sayd. 

W. KNARSBROUGH. 

Sworne before the Com'rs for Compo'n, 21 April 1652. 

E.M. 

Fo. 51. William Knarsbrough of Buttington, in the County of 
Mountgomery, maketh oath that he hath made search in the office 
of Rolles, and findeth that the Indenture, bearing date the first of 
March 1621, Betweene Thomas Earle of Exeter, and others, of the 
one p't, and dame Elizabeth Crauen, Widdow, and others, of the 
other p't, touchiuge the convayance of the Mannor of Pepwell, and 
other lands in the county of North'ton, unto the sayd Dame Eliza- 
beth Craven, and others & their heirs, is there inrolled according 
to the Indorsement uppon the sayd Indenture ; and he further 
deposeth that he hath examined the Chyrograph of a fine of the 
sayd Mannor of Pepwell betweene the sayd pities in Easter terme, 
in the 20th yeare of the- late King James, and it agree'th with the 
Record thereof remayning in the fine office. 

W. KNARSBROUGH. 

Sworne before the Com'rs for Comp'n, 21 April 1652. 

R. M. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 277 

Fo. 53. To ye hon'ble Com't of Parliara'fc for Obstruccons in the 
Sale of Seu'all Lands and Estates forfeited to the Comonwealth 
for Treason. The humble peticon of S'r George Whitmore, Knt. 

Sheweth, That whereas the lands of S'r Percy Herbert, Knt. and 
Baro't, are appointed to be sonld for treason, in a late Act of 
Parlia't, & that the Manner or Abbey of Popwell, in the County of 
Norlh'ton, hath been by some mistake surveyed for his land, yo'r 
pet'r therefore humbley representeth to this hon'ble Com'tt that the 
said Lands were, by one Indenture bearing date the first day of 
March, in the yeare of our Lord 1621, passed & conveyed to Dame 
Elizabeth Crauen, Widdow, & Elizabeth Crauen, daughter to ye s'd 
Lady, Wm. Whitmore of Apsley, in ye County of Salop, Knt., & 
George Whitmore, yo'r pet'r, & theire heires, & soe continued in 
them untill by a Pole Deede bearing date the first of June 1622. 
The said Elizabeth Crauen before her marriage did release all her 
intrest therein to dame Eliza. Crauen, S'r Wm. Whittmore, and 
George Whittmore, being since deceased, the whole intrest & title 
of ye p'misses by surveyorship (survivorship) belongeth to yo'r pet'r 
by the Title of the first purchase, & other meanes and Acts afores'd, 
but upon trust, as is set forth in the Lady Herberts peticon, Insoe- 
much that noe estate or title was ev'r in S'r Percy Herbert of or for 
his benefit otherwise then is expressed in the Lady Herbert's peticon. 

Yo'r pet'r therefore humbly prayes this hon'ble Com'tt, the p'misses 
considered, that he may not be molest in his lawful pos'sion. 

And yo'r pet'r shall pray, etc. 

Copia ex. GEO. WHITTMORE. 

EDW. NORTH, Clerke. 

William Knarsbrough maketh oath that this is a true copie of a 
Peticon preferred by S'r George Whitmore, as it was delieuered to 
the Com'ittee of obstructions for sale of delinquent Estates. 

W. KNARSBROUGH. 

Sworne before the Com'rs for Comp'ng, 21 Apl. 1652. 

R. M. 

First Series, Vol. LXX, fo. 33, et seq. According to the order of 
the 26th of ffebruary 1651, upon the peticon of William Whitmore 
and Thomas Whitmqre, Esqrs., and Edmond Sawyer, gent., desiring 
allowance of their estates in the Manor of Pipwell, in the County of 
Northampton. Two parts whereof are sequestrated for the Recu- 
sancy of Sir Percy Harbert, knight and Barronett, who (as they 
alleage) never had any estate therein I finde 

That by Indenture dated 1 March 1621, Thomas, Late Earle of 
Exeter, Sir Edward Cecill, Knight, his third sonn, and the Lady 
diana, his wife, S'r Peter Chapman, Knt., and Randolph Cotgrave, 
Esq., for the consideracons therein expressed, did graunt, bargain, 
sell, alien, enfeofFe, & confirme unto dame Elizabeth Crauen, widow, 
Late wife of S'r William Crauen, Knight, and Alderman of London, 
deceased, Elizabeth Crauen, daughter of the said dame Elizabeth 
(and now wife of the said S'r Percy Herbert), Sir Will'in Whit- 



278 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

more, Knight, and George Whitmore, Alderman of London, their 
heirs and assigns, All that Manner and Lordship of Pipewell, 
and the scite of the Late Monastry of Pipwell, with th'apur- 
tenances, in the said County of Northampton, And all other 
the Manners, messuages, Lands, tenements, and hereditaments 
whatsoever of them, the said Thomas, Earle of Exeter, S'r Edward 
Cecill, the Lady diana his wife, S'r Peter Chapman, and Randolph 
Cottgrave, or any of them in Pipwell aforesaid, And the Reuersion 
and Reuersions and remainder and remainders thereof, Haben'd to 
the said dame Elizabeth Crauen, Elizabeth Crauen, S'r Will'm 
Whitmore, and George Whitmore, their heirs and assignes, To the 
use of them, their heirs and assignes, for euer. 

As by the said Indenture now produced under the hands and 
seales of the said Earle of Exeter, S'r Edward Cecill, and diana his 
wife, S'r Peter Chapman and Randolph Cottgrave, and certified by 
S'r Robert Rech to be acknowledged by them all before him and 
enrolled in Chancery the 20th of March 1621. And that a fine Sur 
Conusance de droit was levied betweene the same parties in Easter 
tearme 1622 of the said Manner, and other the premises, according 
to the Couenants of the said Indenture, As by the Chyrograph of 
the said fine, examined and proued by Will'm Knaresborough, gent., 
apeareth. 

And that the said Elizabeth Crauen, the daughter, by her deed Poll, 
bearing date the 1st June 1622, reciting the said Indenture of pur- 
chase, did graunt, confirme, remise, and release unto the said dame 
Elizabeth Crauen, S'r William Whitmore, and George Whitmore, all 
her estate, right, title, intrest, clame, and demand whatsoever of, in, 
and to the said Manner and premises, Habend to the said Dame 
Elizabeth Crauen, S'r William Whitmore, and George Whitmore, 
their heirs and assignes, to their owne proper use and behoof for 
euer. As by the said deed now produced under the hand and seale 
of the said Elizabeth Crauen, the daughter, and deposed by S'r 
Edward Sawyer to be sealed and delieuered at or very near the 
date and before her intermarriage with the said S'r Piercy Herbert, 
apeareth. 

And that by Indenture bearing date the 4 of June 1622, made 
between the said dame Elizabeth Crauen, S'r Will'm Whitmore, 
and George Whitmore, of the one part, and the said S'r Percy Her- 
bert, by the name of Percy Herbert, Esq., sonn and heir aparent of 
S'r Will'm Herbert of Redcastle, Knight, and the said Elizabeth 
Crauen, of the other part, reciting the said Indenture of purchase 
and the said deed of Release, And reciting that a marriage was then 
shortly intended to be betweene the said Pearcey Herbert and the 
said Elizabeth Crauen. It was by the said Indenture concluded 
and agreed, manifested, expressed, and declared to be the true 
intent and meaning of the said parties, That the said dame Eliza- 
beth Crauen, S'r William Whitmore, and George Whitmore, and the 
survivor of them, should satisfie, delieur, and pay to the said Eliza- 
beth Crauen, to her own hands & for her private use and for her 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 279 

maintenance, The whole rents, issues, reuenues, and proffits of the 
premisses for and during the ioint Hues of the said Elizabeth and 
Pearcey Herbert. And if the said Elizabeth shall dy, liueing the said 
Pearcey Herbert, That then after her decease they should suffer the 
said Pearcey Herbert aiid his assignes to take and receaue to his owne 
use the whole rents, issues, and proffits of the premises during his 
life. And if the said Pearcey Herbert shall dy, & the said Elizabeth 
him suruive, Then they should suffer the said Elizabeth Crauen, 
her heirs and assignes, to take and receive to her and their 
owne proper use and behoof the Rents, issues, and proffits of the 
premisses. And that then they should convey, assure, and dispose 
of the inheritance of the premisses to such uses and in such sort as 
the said Elizabeth Crauen, her heires or assignes, after the decease of 
the said Pearcey Herbert, should, by any writekig under her hand 
or their hands and seales, in the presence of two witnesses, nomi- 
nate, direct, or apoint. And that if the said Elizabeth should dy, 
lieuing the said Percy Herbert, Then they should convey, order, 
and dispose of the premisses in such sort whereby the same should 
remaine and continue, after the decease of the said Sir Percy Harbert, 
To the heires of the said Elizabeth for euer, with power to the said 
trustees to make Leases for 21 years under the accustomed Rent. 
And with this further agreement, That if any two of the said dame 
Elizabeth Crauen, S'r Will'm Whitmore, and George Whitmore 
shall dy, and one of them only doe survive, That such survivor shall, 
upon reasonable request convey and assure the premises to such 
person or persons and their heires as the said Elizabeth Crauen or her 
heires shall nominate and apoint, by any writeing under her or their 
hands and seale, in the presence of two credible witnesses, subiect 
and liable to the trusts aforesaid, and for better performance of the 
same, As by the said Indenture now produced under the hands and 
seales of the said Percy Herbert and Elizabeth Crauen, and 
deposed by the said S'r Edmond Sawyer to be sealed and delieured 
at or very neare the date, and before the marriage betweene the 
said Percy Herbert and Elizabeth Crauen, apeareth. 

And 1 finde that by another Indenture, bearing date the 21 of 
ffebruary 1651, made betweene the said George Whitmore, by the 
name of S'r George Whitmore, Knight, and the said Elizabeth 
Herbert, wife of S'r Percy Harbert, Knt. and Barronett, of the one 
part, and the now petitioners of the other part, reciting that the 
said Dame Elizabeth Crauen and the said S'r William Whitmore are 
both dead, the said S'r George, the surviving trustee, in pursuance of 
the trust before mentioned, and by the direction and at the request 
of the said dame Elizabeth Herbert, Certified by her being party 
thereunto, and in consideration of 5s. to him paid by the peticioners, 
did graunt, bargaine, sell, alien, release, and confirme unto the 
petitioners and their heires the said Manner of Pip well, and all and 
singular other the premisses with the apurtenances, Habend to the 
petic' oners, their heirs and assignes, to the use and behoof of them, 
their heires and assignes, for ever. Nevertheless, upon the same 



280 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

trusts and to the same intents and purposes, and with the like 
powers and Agreem'ts as are before mentioned and expressed in the 
before recited Indenture of the 4 June 1652. As by the said In- 
denture now produced under the hands and scales of the said S'r 
George Whitmore and dame Elizabeth Harbart, and deposed by the 
said William Knaresborough to be sealed and delieured at or neare 
the day of the date, apeareth. 

The Commissioners of Northampton, in answer to yo'r said order 
of the 26 of ffebruary 1651, do Certifie that two parts of the premisses 
were sequestred the 10 of August 1643, for the Recusancy of the 
said S'r Pearcey Herbert and his lady, and not for delinquency. But 
I finde that in the Certificate of the Comm'rs of the County of Mid- 
dlesex, The said S'r Percy Herbert was returned as a papist delinq't, 
and that his name was inserted in the late Act of 16 July 1651, for the 
sale of several lands and states forfeited to the Commonwealth for 
treason. 

And that thereupon the said dame Elizabeth Herbert preferred 
the claime for her equitable estate to the premisses unto the Honour- 
able Committee of parliament, named in the said Act, for remouing 
obstructions in the sale of such Lands. And S'r George Whitmore, 
the surviving trustee, also preferred his claime to the said estate 
according to the trust in him, As by a Copie of his peticon herto 
annexed, attested by William Knaresborough, apeareth. And that 
upon a Report drawne up by the Counsell for the Commonwealth 
thereupon, the said equitable claims of the Lady, and full hearing 
thereof, the 8 of January 1651, The said honourable committee was 
of opinion that the said equitable right, intrest, and claim of the 
said dame Elizabeth Herbert to the said Manner, and to receaue to 
her own priuate use and maintenance the Rents, issues, and promts 
of the same during the ioint Hues of the said S'r Percy and dame 
Elizabeth Herbert. 

And they did order and adiudge the same to be allowed of. But 
the equitable estate of the said S'r Piercy Herbert, in case hee 
surviue his s'd Lady, was declared by them to be forfeited, As by 
the said Originall order now produced under the Committees hands, 
and deposed by the said William Knaresborough to be a true copie, 
apeareth. But he deposeth there was no further proceedings before 
the said hon'ble Comittee upon S'r George Whitmore's Claime. 

And this is all I finde in the said Case, wherein it is humbly sub- 
mitted to judgment whether the said estate of the petitioners shall 
not be allowed. Jo. READINGE. 

23 Apr. 1652. 

Vol. XXXII, fo. 757. To the hon'ble Com'rs for Composicons, 
etc. The humble peticon of Dame Elizabeth Herbert, wife of S'r 
Percy Herbert. 

Sheweth, That before yo'r pet'rs intermarriage w'th ye said Percy 
(by Deeds bearing date 1622, & ye 20th yeare of King 

James, made between Dame Elizabeth Craven and others, 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 281 

of the one part, and ye said S'r Percy Herbert, by ye name of Percy 
Herbert, of the other part, ye Manner of Pipwell and certain other 
lands in ye were conveyed in trust for ye private use 

of yo'r pet'r, and ye whole Rents i&suing out thereof were to bee 
disposed for her maintenance for jre 1 ioynt lives of yo'r pet'r & ye 
said S'r Percy. And if yo'r said pet'r should dye, ye said S'r Percy 

surviving, then ye said Tri ye s'd S'r Percy 

and his assignes to receive ye proffitts, etc., during his life ; but if 
yo'r s'd pet'r should survive ye said S'r Percy, then ye said ffeoffees 
were to convey and assure ye p'misses in such 

manner as yo'r pet'r, her heires or assignes, should, by any writing 
under their hands, direct & appoint ; and if ye said S'r Percy should 
survive ye pet'r, ye s'd S'r Percy & ye survivor of them were to 
settle the said Manner & p'misses soe as ye decease of 

ye said S'r Percy, ye same should bee and remaine to ye heires of ye 
the said deed at large appeareth. 

That yo'r pet'r did enioy ye proffitts of ye said Manner & p'misses 
to her owne use Trust, untill ye Sequestracon, where- 

upon shee appealed to ye late Com'tee of Lords for seques- 

tracons. 

That ye said Com'tee, upon ye report of ye now Lord President 
whoe perused and have allowed of yo'r pet'rs Title, and shee hath 
ever since receaved ye proffitts of ye p'mises in pursuance of ye 
aforesaid trust, and according to an order of their L'ps of ye 24th 
of September. 

That by color of a late Act of Parliament for sale of delinquents 
lands yo'r pet'rs rents were staid, soe yt yo'r pet'rs livelyhood and 
subsistence is taken away from her, wh'cA she cannot long subsist. 

To'r pet'r therefore humbly prays That yo'r Hono'rs wilbee pleased 
to order that ye stay made of yo'r pet'rs rents may bee withedrawne, 
and yt for ye future shee may quietly receive ye same without 
molestacon, according to ye purport & intent of her Deed. 

And shee shall ever pray. ELIZ. HERBERT. 

26 Novemb. 1654. 

A Coppy of ye peticon to bee sent to ye Com'rs, & they to certify 
what they can in ye case ; upon returne refer'd to Mr. Reading to 
examine. 

Vol. LXX, fo. 39. Dame Elizabeth, wife S'r Percey Herbert, 
Knight and Barronett, maketh oath to an Indenture, bearing Date 
the 4th of June 1622, and to another, bearing date the 21 of ffebruary 
1651, towching the Manner of Pipwell, in the County of Northamp- 
ton, that neither she nor the Trustees menc'oned in the said Inden- 
tures, to her knowledge and beliefe, haue euer done any act or Deed 
to'render, or settle, or in any way invalidate the said seueral Inden- 
tures menc'oned in a Report of Mr. Readinge. And that she 
knoweth noe reason either in Law or Equity why she should not 

1 Their. 
VOL. XIX. U 



282 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

receive the Rents and profits of the said Mannor of Pipwell by 
vertue of the said Indentures. ELIZ. HERBERT. 

Sworn before ye Com'rs, 18 Oct. 1653. 

(Signature) 

20 Oct. 1653. 



III. Documents relating to his Estates in Middlesex. 

Vol. XXIV. In the year 1645, the 7th of October, An Ordin- 
ance for settling the yearly sum of <8,000 upon Charles Lodowick, 
the Prince Elector, Count Palatine of the Rheine, received the sanc- 
tion of Parliament. 

The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, taking into 
their consideration the present condition of his Hignesse the Prince 
Elector Palatine of Rheine, and the provision for a convenient sup- 
port for his person and retinue, do hereby Order and Ordaine, That 
the said Prince Elector shall, from the one and twentieth day of 
February, in the year of onr Lord one thousand six hundred and 
forty foure, have and perceive (sic) the yearely sum of eight thousand 
pounds towards his present support ; the said yearely sum to be paid 
quarterly on the 21st of May, 21st of August, 21st of November, 
and 21st of February, by equall proportions. And for the better rays- 
ing of the said yearly revenue, it is hereby further Ordered and 
ordained by the Authority aforesaid, that the yearely summe of two 
thousand pounds shall be, & is hereby charged upon his Majesties 
Revenue, payable as aforesaid, and that the remaining summe of 
six thousand pounds yearely be, and is hereby charged upon the 
Manours, Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments hereafter expressed, 
that is to say, all those Manours, Lands, Tenements, & Heredita- 
ments discended or come unto (among many others named) those of 
Sir Percy Herbert, scituate at Henden, in the County of Middlesex. 

Fo. 1 83. On this folio appears an account of " Roger Calcott, gent., 
perticular Receiver of ye Revenues in the Counties assigned unto his 
highnesse the Prince Electo'r, Count Palatine of the Rheyn, From 
Michaelmas 1648 to ye January 1649." In this account the estate 
of Sir Percy Herbert is stated to have paid in 903 16s. 5(7., but the 
moneys paid out of the same amounted to 810 2s. 8d. The total 
receipts amounted to 7,804 18s. I0d., and payments out (includ- 
ing a sum paid to Jeremie Whichcote, Esquire, Threas. (treasurer), 
of 5,100 Os. Od.) to 7,938 18s. 2d., " soe rests due to the Accoun- 
tant, wh'ch he hath paid more than rec'd, 133 19s. 4d." There are 
twenty-three estates dealt with in the account ; the total payments 
out in connection with these estates was 2,152 12s. 5d., of which 
810 2s. 8d. related to that of Sir Percy Herbert. 

It was ordered on the 5th of March 1648-9, by the Commons 
assembled in Parliament, that until an arrear of .6,500, due to his 
Highness the Prince Elector, be paid, the estates assigned for that 
purpose should not otherwise be disposed of; " but if any of the 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 283 

Estates within the said Ordinance shall be compounded for before 
the said arreare of 6,500 shall be satisfied and paid, then such Com- 
position moneys shall be paid unto the Treasurer of the Committee 
for the Revenue of His Highness." On the 6th April 1649-50, it was 
" Resolved, That this House doth Declare that the vote of the 17th 
of March last, That all the Rents and Profits of all sequestred 
Estates (except the persons before excepted), growing due at our 
Lady day next, shall be stayed and detayned in the tenants hands 
untill the first day of June next, doth not extend to. the Estates of 
Papists, and that the rents of the Estates allotted by Ordei', or 
Ordinances of Parliament, to the Prince Elector be forthwith paid, 
Notwithstanding the said Vote" (Ex. Proceedings of Parliament}. 

Vol. XXXI, fo. 836. To the Ho'ble the Commissioners for Com- 
posicions. The humble peticon of Margarett Hooker, widowe. 

Sheweth, That whereas the ho'ble Comittee for the Prince Elector's 
Reuenue, taking into Consideration an Order, dated the 30th of 
April 1644, of the Comittee of Sequestracons for the Countie of 
Midd'x, that the Anuatie of 60li> p. ann. should be paid to the pet'r 
out of the Rents of the Manner of Henden, being ye Estate of 'Sir 
Piercie Herbert. 

And also taking further into considerac'on her necessitous con- 
dicion, it being her wholl liuelyhood, the s'd Comittee was pleased, 
20th of March 1645, to confirme the s'd Anuitie to yo'r pet'r, and 
gave order to Mr. Calcott, theire Receiv'r, to pay the same accord- 
ingly- 

Nowe for that yo'r pet'r hath a Decree enrolled in Chancerie 
betweene her and the Lord Powis for the same, whose sonne the 
s'd S'r Peircie Herbert is, And that beinge aboue SOtie yeares of 
age, and this her only liuelyhood aforesaid, 

She most humbly prayeth yo'r honors to take the premisses into 
consideracon, And to order her payment of the s'd Anuitie out of 
the Manners of Hendon, with ye arreares thereof, as formerly. 

And she shall pray, etc. 

Refierd to Mr. Readinge. MARGARETT HOOKER. 

21 J[une] 1650.-S.M. 

Jo. LEECH. 

Fo. 837. (This document has the heading torn off.) 
John Browne, gent., maketh oath That he hath received the Anuity 
of 60 p. ann. for the use of Margaret Hooker, widow, sev'all tymes, 
both of Mr. Hall, Rece'or for S'r Percy Herbert, by order of ye 
Com'ttee of Midd'x, and from Mr. Calcot, recei'or of ye Prince 
Elector's Revenue, by order of ye Comittee for the s'd Prince's 
Reuenue. 

Jurat coram Com'rs. Jo. BROWNE. 

2 Aug. 1650. R. M. 

Fo. 839. According to yo'r Order of the 21st June 1650, upon 
the peticon of Margarett Hooker, widow, desiring allowance for an. 

u 2 



284 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Anuity of 6Qli. paid out of the Rents of the Mantior of Hendon. in 
the County of Middlesex, which Rents are seqaestred for the delin- 
quency of S'r Percy Herbert, I finde 

That it appeareth, by a decretall Order made in Chancery ye 
19th of Oct'r 1637, betweene the peticioner, plaintiif, and William, 
Lord Powis, father of the said S'r Percy Harbert, Defendant, That 
the said Lord Powis, by a writing under his hand and seale, dated 
in July 1631, agreed with this person's husband, That the said Lord 
Powis and S'r Percy Harbert should, before Michaelmas then next, 
by deed Under their hands and scales, graunt and confirme unto the 
petitioner's late husband and her an annuity or yearly payment of 
6(W. during their naturall Hues, and the longest liuer of them, upon 
a promise to bee void upon payment of 400. 

Upon full examining whereof it was declared, That the said Lor"d 
Powis ought to make good the said Annuity of QOli. p. ann. to the 
petitioner for her life, and the arrears thereof, or els to pay her 
445 , with the damages for the same since Michaelmas 1632, which 
was by that order left to the defendant's election. And I finde, by 
an Order of the ho'ble Committee for the Prince Elector's Reuenues 
of the 20th March 1645, reciting an Order of the Committee for 
sequestrac'ons in the County of Middlesex of the 30th of Aprill 
1644, whereby the said annuity of 60< p. ann. was ordered to bee 
paid unto the petitioner out of the Rents of S'r Piercy Harberts 
estate ; And for that it appeared to the said Committee for the Prince 
Elector's Reuennue, That the said 60li. p. ann. hath beene paid out 
of the Rents out of the Mannor of Henden, being S'r Percy Har- 
berts estate : They therefore did order Mr. Calcott, their Receauer, 
to pay the said 60ti. p. ann. unto the petit'oner at Lady day and 
Michaelmas, by equall portions. And it is deposed by John Browne, 
gent., that he receaued the said 60 p. ann. seuerall tymes both of 
Mr. Hall, receauer for S'r Percy Harbert by order of the Com- 
mittee of Middlesex, and of Mr. Calcott, by vertue of the said order 
of the Committee for the Prince Elector's revenue, to the use of the 
petitioner. 

And this I finde to bee the state of the Petitioner's case. 

6 Nov. 1650. Jo. READINGS. 

Vol. XXXII, fo. 418. To the Hon'ble ye Committee for Com- 
positions and aduance of money, sitting at Haberdasher's Hall. The 
humble peticon of John Herne of Lincoln's Inn, Esq., most humbly 
complaying, Shewetk, 

That there are 2 fields of arable and pasture land lying in ye parish 
of Henden, in ye County of Midd'x, called by ye name of Secong'a 
Crafts, contay'ing 14 acres. 

That ye said manner of Henden, by reason of the delinquency of 
S'r Percy Herbert, ye Lord thereof, is sequestred to ye use of ye 
State. That there is due to ye Lord of ye said Man'r for ye said 14 
acres ayeerly rent of 14 pence) and likewise a fine at death or aliena- 
tion. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 285 

That there hath lately bin demanded by yo'r parliaments Agents 
for ye said 14 acres of land, 30 bushells of oates p, ann., which they 
pretend are in arrear for 9 years, and amount to ye summe of 
I6li. 17s. 6d., which, with ye fines and other rent, would come neere 
to ye full value of the said land. 

That your petitioner is ready to produce surueyes and Rentalls for 
aboue 100 years last past, all made by ye best inhabitants of ye said 
parish that were then liuing, and npon their oathes, ye last of which 
was made in 1635, by all which it appeares that ye said lands are 
charged with nought but ye said annual Bent of 14 pence. And iu 
case any of these should receiue ye least title 1 off Alteration, how 
dangerous that might proue both to Lord and Tenant yo'r Peti- 
tioner humbly submits to ye consideration of this hon'ble Com'ttee. 

That this demand hath bin made upon pr'tence yt your petitioners 
tennants haue payed ye said oates when they have bin distrayned 
for them, to which distresses (if any such were) y'r petitioner and 
likewise his ffather, as he conceiues, were altogather strangers (?), 
he being ready to proue that his deceased ffather neuer abated any 
penny of ye rents to any tenant in lieu of ye same, nor had ye peti- 
tioner's father any suruey to defende himselfe by, they being all 
concealed in ye Jnry men's hands for their owne use, untill some 
question being shooed 2 betwixt ye Lord and Tennant about rent 
oates at a Com'ttee sitting at S'r Abraham Williams his house this 
uery parliament, at which Com'ttee your uery Surveyes that are 
aboue mentioned were produced to iustify ye demand of them from 
ye tennants of ye said Man'r. 

That your petitioner hath payed, and is always ready to pay, 
all iust dutyes to ye state at ye uery first demand, and that it 
shall neuer enter into his thoughts that any thing not due shall euer 
be receiued from him by ye hon'ble house ot parliament, or any power 
deriued from them. 

In tender consideration whereoff his humble suite to y'r honors 
is, that you would vouchsafe to appoint some time to neare and 
determine the same, or if your weighty affairs will not p'mit that, 
that then you will appoint some of your Counsel to view ye said 
surueyes, and report ye same to this Hon'ble Com'tee, & that in ye 
meane time you will be pleased to accept of his word or bond for ye 
I6li. 17s. 6d., he being Constantly in London, &y'r petitioner shall, 
as in duty bound, pray, etc. JOHN HEBNE. 

Referred to Mr. J. Brereton to Reporte. 
7 Apl. 1651. R. M. 

Fo. 689. S'r Percy Herbert. 26 October. 

By the Trustees for the Sale of Lands and Estates forfeited to the 
Com'on wealth for Treason. 

Whereas Ambrose Rocke and Thomas Axtell did, on the 13th of 
August last, Contract w'th the said Trustees for ye purchase of a 

1 Tittle, 2 ? showed. 



286 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Messuage or Tenement & Lands, w'th th'appurten'nts, scittuat and 
being in the parish of Henden, in the Ccmntie of Mid'x, in the occu- 
pac'on of Richard Hall, late parcell of the Estate of S'r Piercie 
Herbert, Knight. 

And as whereas the said Ambrose Rocke and Thorn's Axtell . . . 
have paid in the first Moyetee of the purchase money due upon ye 
said Contract on the 16th of this Instant, as by the acquittance of 
ye t'rears for the moneys raised by the sale of the s'd estates may 
appeare, Ordered that the Com'rs for compounding at Goldsmiths 
Hall be desired to give direccon to the Com'rs of Sequestracon for 
the s'd County yt they p'mitt the said Ambrose Rocke & Thomas 
Axtell, or theire Assigne, quietly to enioy the premisses, & take ye 
Rents, Issues, & Proffits thereof, according to ye said Contract. 
And yt the Ten'ts and Occupieres of the P'misses, or any p't thereof, 

doe pay their respective Rents, or 

such as they shall appoint to receive the same, at such dayes and 
times as the same shall from time to time grow due & payable, and 
not to any form'r Collector or Rec'r of ye same. 

ARTHUR SAMWELL. HENRY SEALEY. 

MATT. VALENTINE. WM. ROBINSON. 
Jurat'r, W. LISLE. 

GEO. BILLINQHURST, Sec. 

Captain Ambrose Rocke maketh oath that hee rec'd this order 
from Mr. Billinghurst, clearke to ye Hon'ble Trustees for ye sale of 
Lands and Estates forfeited to ye Common Wealth, As their order. 

Sworne before ye Comm'rs ye 28 day 

Octo. 1652. R. M, AMBROSE ROCKE. 

Fo. 691. S'r Percy Herbert. 28 Sept. 1652. 

By the Trustees for the sale of Lands and Estates forfeited to the 
Comonwealth for Treason. 

Whereas Charles Whitmore, gent. . , . . . did, on the 7th of 
July last, Contract w'th the said Trustees for the purchase of 
severall Messuages or ten'ts there, and everieof their appurtenan's, 
lying & beinge in the Manner of Henden, in the County of Midd'x, 
in the seu'all occupac'ons of John Mills, Richard Marsh, Sen., 
Richard Marsh, Jun., Richard Page, Joseph ffletcher ...... 

ffletcher, widdow, and John Scudmor ffranklin, Tho. Marsh, 

Robt. Tanner, Robt. Marsh, & Susan Nicholls, late p'te of S'r Piercie 
Herbert's Estate. And whereas the said Charles Whitmore hath 
paid in the first Moyetie of the purchase Money due upon the said 
Contract on the 27th Instant, as by the acquittance of the Trea'rs 
for the money raised by Sale of the said Estates may appeare, ordered 
that the Commissioners for Compounding at Goldsmiths Hall be 
desired to give direccon to the Commissioners of Sequestracon for the 
said County that they permitt the said Charles Whitmore quietly to 
enioy the premisses, and take the rents and proffits thereof, accord- 
ing to the said Contract. And that the Tennants and occupiers o,f 
the premisses, or any part thereof, pay their respective rents unto 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 287 

the said Charles Whitmore, or such as hee shall appoint to receiue 
the same, at such dayes and tymes as the same shall from tyme to 
tyme growe due and payable, and not to any former Collector or 
Receiver of the same. 

WM. ROBINSON. HENRY SEALET. 

WILLIAM SKTNNEB. ARTHUR SAMWELL. 
Jurator. SAM. GOOKEN. 

GEO, BILLINGHURST, Seer. 

William Knaresborough maketh oath that hee saw George Bil- 
inghurst subscribe his name to this order, and rec'd it from him as 
the order of the Trustees, hee being Secretary to the s'd Trustees. 

WM. KNARSBROUGH. 
Sworne before ye Commiss'rs, ye 30 of Sep'r 1652. 

W. M. 

Fo. 693. A similar order in favour of Phillip Starkie of London, 
Cooke, he having contracted to purchase the Manor of Hendon, 
namely, the Rents of Assize <fc Royalties thereof, and one parcel of 
pasture land in the Tenure of Randall Nicholl, part of the lands 
within the same Manor ; but he (Phillip Starkey) assigned the same 
to Charles Whitmore, Esq., who at the date of the order (22nd Sept. 
1652) had paid the whole of the consideration money. Fo. 695. 
Another similar order in favour of same party, who had contracted 
for the purchase of, and had at the date of the order paid the whole 
of the consideration money for, " the Capital Messuage called Hen- 
don Hall, in the County of Middlesex, with the lands, Tenements, & 
hereditaments thereunto belonging, then in the several occupations 
of John Howe, John Mills, & John Nutt, or their assigns." In this 
order Phillip Starkie is described as " Cittizen & Cooke of London". 



IV. Petition and other Papers connected with an Annuity of 
40 per annum, secured on the Lordships of Kerry and 
other places, to Elizabeth Robe and John Role, her brother. 

Vol. LIV, fo. 321. To the hon'ble Commissioners for Composi- 
tions. The humble petition of Elizabeth Robe, Spinster. 

6 Sep. 1650. 

Sheweth. That yo'r petitioner hath formerly petitioned y'r hon- 
ners for the allowance of a rent Chardge of forty pounds p. ann., 
issuing out of the estate of Sir Piercey Herbert, a Recusant, which 
stands referred to your Counsell, who require prooff of y'r petitioner 
concerninge the enioyment of the sayd Anuity accordingly : your 
petitioners prooff is at present very remote in Wales ; only William, 
Lord Powis, is in towne, but soe infirme that he cannot remove out 
of his chamber. 

Y'r petitioner humbly prayes that y'r honners will please to 
directe that the counsell to whom you have referd the same may 



288 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

take his testimony at his Lodings, or that wee may be permitted to 
take his oath before a Master of the Chancery. 

And she shall pray. ELIZABETH ROBES. 

6 Sep. 1650. 

Mr. Reading desired to take the testimony of ye Lord Powis, & 
report it to this Com'ttee, 

Fo. 323. To the Hon'ble the Com'rs for Composicions, etc. The 
humble petic'on of Elizabeth Robe, Spinster. 

Sheweth, That by yo'r hono'rs order of 16th January 1650, here- 
unto annexed, you were pleased to allow yo'r pet'r an Anuity of 
40H. p. ann., issueing out of the Maunors or Lo'pps of Kerry, 
Kedewin, and Halsitor, in the County of Mountgomery, being nowe 
or late the lands of S'r Piercey Herbert, Kt., togeather with the 
arreares due since the 24th of December 1649. 

That the Com'rs for the said County, by theire returne to yo'r 
Honnors order, hereunto also annexed, affirmed that the estate 
aforesaid was in yo'r Auditors accompte for North Wales formerly, 
and nowe since sould by the Parliament, wherein your petitioner hath 
noe reliefe. 

That in the Reporte in this case there was conteyned alsoe a tene- 
ment in the towne of Poole in the said County, to which they make 
noe returne at all. 

That this Anuity was granted originally by William, Lord Powis, 
to yo'r pet'r out of an Anuity that the said Lord bad chardged upon 
the Lordshipp of Powes, out of which yo'r pet'rs said Anuity is to 
be satisfied, as by the seu'all deeds here ready to be produced may 
appeare. 

YO'R PETITION'S, humbly prayes, it being her wholle subsistence, 
and she haueing bene long kept from it by reason of the sequestra- 
c'on, and yo'r pet'r being at a further chardge and trouble nowe to 
haue the same allowed at the Comittee of Obstructions, that yo'r 
Honnors will please to direct and Ord'r to ye Com'rs of the said 
County to pay her Anuity and the arreares from Decemb. 1649, due 
as aforesaid out of the said tenem't in Poole and Lordship of Powes, 
warranted to be in chardge thereon by the seu'all deeds aforesaid. 

And yo'r pet'r shall pray, etc. ELI?. ROBE. 

17 March 1651. LLOYD. 

Refer'd to Mr. Brereton to state ye pet'rs title, & Report. 

J. LEECH. 

Fo. 325. ACCORDING to your order the 5th of July 1650, upon the 
Petition of Elizabeth Robe, desireing the allowance of an Annuity 
granted by S'r Piercey Herbert, a Delinquent, J have examined and 
find, That S'rPiercy Herbert, by Deed dated the 22nd of June 1638, 
recyting that whereas William, Lord Powis, father of S'r Piercy, did 
owe fine hundred pounds unto William Day, as Executor of Matthew 
Robe, & the said S'r Piercy Herbert, at the request of the Lord 
Powis, and upon his agreement to abate 40 p. aim,, parcel of a 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 289 

Bent charge of 800 p. Ann. which S'r Piercy Herbert was to pay 
unto the Lord Powis dureing his life, and out of a desire to relieve 
John Robe and Elizabeth Robe, children of the said Matthew Robe, 
in consideration of the iust debt of 500, and for other considera- 
tions, did grant unto the said John Robe for their Hues, and the 
longer liver of them, a Rent charge of 40 p. ann., to be issueing 
out of the Manners or Lordshipps purchased by S'r Piercy Herbert 
in fee farme of the King, Lying in the County of Mountgomery, 
called by the name of Kerry, Kedewine, and Hallsilore, 1 as alsoe out 
of a Tenement in the Parrish and Towne of Poole, in possession of the 
said S'r Piercy Herbert, his undertenants or Assignes : As by the 
said Deed produced under his hand and Seale of the said S'r Piercy, 
and attested by William Dennish, one of the witnesses endorced, 
appeares. And ffrancis Spencer deposeth that he received of Mr. 
William Knarsbrough, Steward to S'r Piercy Herbert, for the use 
of Elizabeth Robe, daughter of Matthew Robe, late of London, 
deceased, Severall years' Rents of <40 p. Ann., granted by S'r 
Piercy Herbert to her and John Robe, her Brother (deceased about 
10 yeares since, as the Deponent believeth), and the longer liver of 
them, by a Deed dated the 22nd of June 1638, which Deed the Depo- 
nent saw aboute 6 yeares since, and about that tyme received the said 
Rents thereby due ; and further deposeth that he knoweth the said 
Elizabeth, at the tyme of the makeing this Oath, (viz't) the 1st of 
October 1650, to be Living in the Citty of London. Soe it is nowe 
submitted to Judgment whether the petitioner ought not to be paid 
the said Rent charge of .40 p. ann., with the Arreares thereof, by 
the Commissioners for Sequestrations in the said County of Mount- 
gomery, or be permitted to take her Legal Remedy, the Sequestra- 
tion of S'r Piercy Herbert notwithstanding. 

20 October 1650. PET. BRERETON. 

Fo. 328. A duplicate petition of Mrs. Elizabeth Robe's. 

Fo. 329. Francis Spencer, aged 34 years or thereabouts, maketh 
oath that he, this depo t, hath received from Mr. Wm. Knarsbrough, 
Steward of S'r Percy Herbert, Knight, for the use of Elizabeth 
Robe, daughter of Matthew Robe, late of London, deceased, seuerall 
years' rents of an Anuitie of 40 per anum to the sayd Elizabeth 
and John Robe, her brother (now about 10 yeares since deceased, as 
he believeth), and to the longer liuer of them, granted by the sayed 
S'r Percy Herbert, by one deede bearing date the 22nd day of June 
1038, w'ch Deed he, this Depo't, hath scene about 6 yeeres since, 
and about that time he received the sayd rents thereby due. And 
this depo't verilie believeth the sayed deed to be a good and vailed 
deede in Law to the intents and purposes therein mentioned. And 
this depo't further sayeth that he knoweth the sayed Elizabeth 
Robe to be, time of making this aff., lining in the Citty of London. 

Jura 1 coram Com'rs, 1 Oct. 1650. FRANCIS SPENCER. 

PET. BRERETON. 

1 Halcitor. 



290 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Fos. 333-335. A second report, dated July 1st, 1652, on the 
same matter, by Pet. Brereton, as follows : 

According to your Order the 17th of March 1651, 1 have examined 
the Petition of Elizabeth Robe, for the reasons therein exprest, to be 
paid an Anuity of 4<0li. p. ann., formerly allowed by you, out of 
other Lands then the same was directed to be paid by your Order of 
the 16th of January 1650, and find, 

That Wm. Earle of Pembroke, Phillip Earle of Montgomery, S'r 
Wm. Herbert, now Lord Powys, Percy Herbert, then Esq., now 
Baron't, his sonne and heire apparant, and others, in consideration 
of a marriage to be solemnized betwixt the said S'r Percy Herbert 
and Eliz. Craven, and for settling of a Joynture, and in considera- 
tion of the great portion in money w'ch the said Lord Powys had 
received, hee did by Indenture dated the 4th of June 1622, and by 
fine sur Conusance de droit come ceo, etc., levied the assizes held at 
Poole, in the County of Mountgomerie, the 22nd of July 1622, 
convey the Baronie and Lordship of Powys, the Castle of Poole, 
the Boroughs of Poole and Llanvylling, the Manors of Powis, Poole, 
Teirtref, Llanverthedall, Stratmerchell, Kereiiyon, Vchoyd, Meghen 
Iscoyd, Llanvilling, Maughnant, Ruerts, and Garthgellymyn, w'th 
their appurtenances, in the County of Montgomerie, unto Dame 
Eliz. Craven, S'r Wm. Whitmore, and George Whitmore, and their 
heires, to the intent (amongst other things) that there shall be paid 
out of the premises, from the decease of Dame Mary Herbert, the 
Relict of S'r Edward Herbert, deceased, the yearly Rent of 500H. 
unto the said S'r Wm. Herbert during his life, paiable the 29th of 
Sep'r and 25th of March, by equall portions, the first paym't to be at 
such of the said feast as shall first happen after fiue mouths next 
after her decease, w'th clause of distress, if the said be behind 40 
dayes. And to the further intent that the said Dame Eliz. Craven, 
S'r Wm. Whitmore, and George Whitmore, and their heirs, shall 
stand seized of the Premises to the use of the said Percy Herbert for 
life, and after to the use of the said Eliz. Craven for life, and after to 
the use of the first and every other sonne of the said Percy Herbert 
on the body of the said Eliz. begotten, and the heirs male of the body 
of such sonne, w'th divers Remainders over. As appeares unto me 
by a Copie of the said Indenture, deposed by Francis Spencer, and 
by the ffine produced exemplified under Seale. 

The 17th of Aprill 1637, the said Wm. Lord Powys, by Deed 
Poll, in consideration of the surrender of 5 obligations, dated the 
4th of March 1622, wherein he stood bound unto Wm. Daye, Executor 
of Matthew Robe, for paym't of 500&. at severall dayes, the last 
paym't whereof should have bin the 28th of March 1628, and for satis- 
faction and discharge of the said debt, due to the said Matthew 
Robe in his life tyme, grants and assignes unto John Robe and the 
Petitioner, Eliz. Robe, the sonne and daughter of the said Matthew, 
40^'. p. ann. out of an yearly rent of bOOli. paiable unto the said 
Lord Powys during his life, by his said sonne, S'r Percy Herbert, 
To have and to hold unto the said John and Eliz. Robe during their 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 291 

lives, and the life of the longer liver of them, if the said Win. Lord 
Powys so long live, to be paid the 29th of Sep'r and 25th of March 
by equal portions. And the said Wm. Lord Powis did appoint the 
said S'r Percy Herbert, his heirs and assignes, to pay the said 40fo'. 
p. ann, And did constitute the said John and Eliz. Robe, and either 
of them, or either of their Assignes or Assignees, his attorney, in 
his name, but to their own use, to demand, recover, and receive the 
said 40fo'. p. ann., and give discharges for the same, w'ch Indenture is 
produced under the hand and seale of the said Lord Powis, and it is 
endorsed on the back that the said Lord Powys did deliver five 
shellings unto the said John and Elizabeth Robe, thereby putting 
them into full possession and seizin of the said 4<QU. p. ann. 

And Wm. Habington, one of the witnesses, the 9th of Apr. 1652, 
that he saw the said Deed sealed and delivered by the said Lord 
Powys, at his lodgings in Whitehall, at least thirteene or fourteene 
years since. And verely believes the same was made bona fide for 
the consideracon therein menc'oned : for the said Lord Powys did 
then tell this Depon't that he did grant an Anuity in satisfaction of 
a Debt, And verely beleives, but doth not certainly remember, that 
he saw the said 5s. paid as is endorsed. 

The 22nd of June 1638 the said S'r Percy Herbert, by his Deed 
poll, reciting the Debt of 500fo'., owing by the said Lord Powis unto 
Wm. Day, as Executor of Matthew Robe, as by severall obligations 
delivered up might appeare, the said S'r Percy, at the request of the 
said Lord Powis, and upon his agreement to abate 40li. p. ann., 
parcell of a Rent charge of 800/t. w'ch the said S'r Piercy was to pay 
unto the said Lord Powis during life, and out of a desire to releeve 
the said John and Elizabeth Robe, in consideration of the just debt 
of 500^'., grants unto the said John and Eliz., for their lives, and the 
life of the longer liver of them, a Rent charge of 40^'. p. ann., to be 
issuing out of the Manors or Lordships purchased by the said S'r 
Percy in feefarme of the King, lying in the County of Montgomery, 
called Kerry, Kedewin, and Halsilooe, 1 and alsoe out of a Tenem't in 
the parish and Towne of Poole, lately the land of John Lee, & then 
in possession of the said S'r Percy or his underten'ts, payable at 
the twoe most usual Feasts by equal portions ; if the same were 
behind 16 dayes, As by the said deed produced, under the hand and 
seale of the said S'r Percy Herbert, appeares. 

And I find further, that the said Eliz. Robe, petitioning the 5th of 
July 1650, for your allowance of the said 40li. p. ann., granted by the 
said S'r Percy Herbert, you did, by your Order of the 16th of Jan- 
uary following upon my Report of the said last menc'oned Deed 
(the same onely, & not the other Deeds, being then produced), & upon 
proofe thereof, and other proofes then Reported, allow of the said 
Deed, made by the said S'r Percy, 40/i. p. ann., with the Areares 
since the 24th Decemb. 1649, unlesse the Comissioners for sequestra- 



Halcitor, 



292 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPKRS. 

tions in the County where the Estate out of w'ch the Anuity issues 
shews Cause to the Contrary within a month after notice. 

In answeare of w'ch Order, the Comissioners for the said County, 
the 13th of Oct. 165 1, certifie that the said Lordships never were w'th 
in the manag'm't of them, or of the late Comittee for sequestrations, 
but the rents were collected by and paid unto the auditor, and w'cli 
since are sold by the Parliam't. 

And the Petitioner, Elizabeth Robe, deposeth that she hath not 
released the said Annuity, nor her security, granted by the said 
Deeds, or by either of them ; that she knoweth no reason why she 
should not be paid the said Anuity, w'th the arreares thereof, nor 
why she should not make use of either of the said Deeds for recovery 
thereof. And Francis Spencer deposed that the said William, Lord 
Powis, was living and in health the 6th of July 1652. 

Soe it is submitted to judgment whether the petitioner, Elizabeth 
Robe, during the life of William, Lord Powys, may not, by virtue 
of her first Deed, resort unto the premises in the County of Mont- 
gomery, notwithstanding her acceptance of the said grant from S'r 
Percy Herbert, or not. 

8 Julii 1652. PET. BEERETON. 

(The following papers are attached to the Report) 
Fo. 339. Petition of Elizabeth Robe to the Commissioners for 
Compositions (no date). Fo. 341. Deposition of Francis Spencer, 
sworn 6th July 1652. Fo. 343. Deposition of Elizabeth Robe, sworn 
29th June 1652, before the Commissioners for Compounding ; and on 
fo. 345, the following communication : 

HONORED GENTLEMEN, By yo'r order of the 16 January 1650 we 
und'rstand that Elizabeth Robe hath desired an Anuity of fourty 
pounds p. ann. out of the Manners and Lo'pps of Kerry, Kedewyn, 
and Halciter, granted by Deed from S'r Peircy Harbert, whereupon 
you have ordered her the payni't thereof, with all arreares since the 
24 of Dec'r 1649. Be pleased to understand that the said Lo'pps 
were never within the management of us or of the Comittee of 
Seq'ous, but the rents were collected by and paid unto the Auditor 
of North Wales, And w'eh sithence are sold by the Parlia't, which 
is all wee haue to certifie you in this p'tioulur, and remayne, 

Yo'r faithful friends and humble seruants, 

RICH. PRICE, Vic. 

Poole, 13 Octob'r 1651. HUGH PEIRCE. 

Copia Vera. Ex'r. LEWIS PRICE. 

Jo. LEECH. 
Fo. 347. A deposition of William Habbington. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 293 



V. Documents relating to the claim of Lady Elizabeth, wife of 
Sir Percy Herbert, for an allowance of one-Jifth part of 
her husband's sequestered Estates in the County of Middle- 
sex. 

Vol. XXXII, fo. 753. Lady Herbert peticon. 15 Jan. 1651. 

To the Hon'ble the Com'rs for Compoundinge, etc. The humble 
peticon of the Lady Elizabeth Herbert, wife of S'r Percy Herbert, 
Knight. 

Sheweth, That by yo'r honor's Order of the 30th of May last yo'r 
pet'r is allowed fifth part of her husband sequestred estates in the 
seuerall Counties where it lies, to be payed to her or her Assignes. 

That two hundred and four score pounds p. Ann., beinge an 
Anuitie out of the Lo'pp of Hendon, in the Countie of Middlesex, 
settled upon the Lady Powis, who died in December last past, is 
nowe come [to] the peticoners husband by the death of the said 
Lady, hee being the right and lawfull heire thereof. 

To'r petic'oner therefore humbly prayeth that yo'r hon'rs will be 
pleased to allowe unto yo'r pet'r a fit't part of the said twoe hundred 
and four score pounds p. ann., And to order the Comittee where the 
same doth lie to allott the same Accordingly. 

And yo'r peticoner shall ever pray. ELIZ. HERBERT. 

Po. 755. The document on this folio is mutilated. I supply the 
suggested omissions in italics. 

To the ho'ble the Comittee for CompounJm^, sitting at Haber- 
dasher's Hall. 

Humbly Sheweth, That y'or petico'r was, by an Ordinance of Parlia- 
ment and seuerall orders from this ho'ble Comittee, allowed for the 
mayntenance of her selfe & children, and to receauve a fifth part of 
the rents issuing yearefy out of the Mannor of Hendon, in the County 
of MwMesexe ; but yo'r petico'r could never receiue her due (?) pro- 
portion out of the sayd Lordship, notwithstanding her many apply - 
caco'ns to the Comittee of that County. 

Wherefore shee humbly prayes jour order for the payment of all 
the Arreares of her sayd fifth part, and to the end the same may bee 
better ascertayned, that the account of Mr. Roger Calcott may bee 
ordered to bee stated. 

And yo'r pet'r shall euer pray, etc. ELIZ. HERBERT. 

8 Sep. 1652. MR. VAUGHAN. 

Eefd to Mr. Auditor to Ex. & report to us. 38 P. 



294 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 



VI. The annexed Documents are fried among the other papers at 
the Record Office. They relate, as will be observed, to the 
tithes of Pipwell, but by the Order in Council, which I 
have copied from " State Papers, Domestic", it would ap- 
pear that Mr. Smith had failed to collect the tithes, for 
the reason " that the lands, being formerly held by the 
Cistercians, were exempt from tithes!' 

Vol. CIII, fo. 301. At ye Comittee for Plundered Ministers. 

Septemb'r 15, Anno. D'm' 1647. 

Upon ye humble peticon of Mr. Smith, Minister of Wilbarston, in 
the county of North'ton, It is ordered that all tennants and Parish- 
ioners of ye said parish doe from tyme to tyme pay all Tythes of ye 
Lands and Tenements in Pipwell, within the said parish, in their 
possession or occupacon, unto the said Mr. Smith. 

NATH'LL BACON. 

Com. North'ton. 1647, Sep. 22 (att Harlestone). 

Mem'd, ye Comittee doe Order, That ye Tenth part of ye peny- 
rent of ye Two parts of ye Mannor of Pipwell, now under seq'con 
from S'r Piercy Herbert or his Lady, be allowed to Mr. Smith of Wil- 
barsten for all that p't of it that lyeth in ye sayd parish of Wilbarston 
(taxes being first payd). RICHARD SAMWELL. 

EDWARD FARMER. 
JOHN THORNTON. 

(There is another document on this folio, which, from damp, is torn 
and undecipherable, but it apparently is the petition of Mr. Smith to 
the Commissioners for Compounding, and on the succeeding folio 
(302), on the dorso of the document, is their reply as follows) 

At ye Committee for Compounding, etc. 28 Junii 1 650. 

This Comittee doe conceive, That ye late Act doth sufficiently em- 
power ye Com'rs for Sequestracons in the Severall Countyes to 
answere the desires of the Peticioner without any order from This 
Committee. SAM. MOYER. 

Jo. LEECH. EDW'D WINSLOW. 

FFR. SQUIBB. Ric. MOORE. 

Com. North'ton. 

Theis are to will & require you to pay to Mr. Robert Smith, 
Minister of Wilbarston, in this County, the some of Thirty pounds 
out of the Rents of Pipwell Grounds, sequestred from S'r Peircy 
herbert, Knt., a Recusant, which Thirty pounds were due on the first 
day of May last past, In consideracon of Tythes Graunted to him, 
the said Mr. Smith, by an order of ye Comittee of Plundred Minis- 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 295 

ters for supplying ye Cure of Wilbarston. And for soe doing this 
shalbe yo'r discharge. 

Given under o'r hands this two & twentith day of May 1649. 

THO. BROOKE. 

THO. PEATLOWE (?). 

EDWARD FARMER. 

To Mr. Frauncis Spicer, o'r Agent for ye Receuing of publique 
Rents. 

(There is another order of a similar nature, dated 20th of Sept. 
1649, on this folio. On folio 303 is another document relating to 
the same matter.) 

State Papers, Domestic, vol. 51. Proceedings in Council, 

Nov. 20, 1656. 

P. 167. On report by the Treasury Commissioners on an appli- 
cation by Robert Smith, minister of Wilbaston, co. Northampton, 
for payment of 50 a year, in lieu of the tithes of lands in Py well, 
sequestered for delinquency of Sir Percy Herbert, which lands, 
being formerly held by the Cistercians, were exempt from tithes, and 
therefore the Commissioners for Sequestrations had paid him <50 
in lieu of tithes, till a year since, when the Receiver- General entered 
on the estate, and that, as Smith is a Godly minister, they think the 
50 should be paid, but have not power to do it. Order to advise 
a warrant for payment of the said 50 yearly. 



VII. Lord Powis his Petition, and Papers relating to his 
Pension and other matters. 

Vol. XLIX, fo. 1007. The humble peticon of the Lord Powis. 

Sheweth, That on the 19th of August 1645, the hon'ble house of 
Comons then ordered, That 4 p. weeke should be paid unto the pet'r 
for his maintanance by the Com'ttee of Sequestracons where his 
estate lay, as by a Copie thereof anexed may appeare, the which hath 
ener since bin accordingly payd unto him (except some arrers for 
this last yeare) by the Com'ttee of Sequest'ons for the County of 
Montgomeri. 

The pet'r humbly praieth this hon'ble Com'ttee to order, in regard 
hee hath no other meanes of livelyhood to support him in his old 
age, beinge nowe very infirme and weake, and for want of payment 
thereof hath run in debt, and can no longer p'cure credit, you would 
bee pleased to order the p'sent payment of the arreres, and his 
weekly mayntenance for the future to be payd by the Tenants of his 
land in Montgomeryshire, in regard his pr'ssing wants may receiue 
some convenient supply by that meanes. 

And hee shall daily pray, etc. Powrs. 1 

Rec'd 25 ffeb'y 1649, and ordered to be reported in course. 
1 Autograph signature. 



296 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Die Martii, 19 August 1645. 

Fo. 1009. Resolved, etc., That the Lord Powys shall have the 
allowance of 4>li. p. weeke payed him for his Maintenance in prison, 
out of his owne Estate, by the Comittee of Sequestracons wheir his 
estate lyes, since the time of his Improsenment. 

HEN. ELSIGNE, 

Clerc Parl. 

Vol. XLIX, fo. 1001. By ye Trustees for ye Sale of Lands and 
Estates forfeited to ye Commonwealth for Treason. 7 

Whereas John Wildman, Esq., did, on ye 16th of Sept. 1653, 
contract with the said Trustees for ye purchase of A ffarme called 
Seamers ffarme, with ye Lauds, Tenements, hereditaments, Rents, 
Rights, members, and appurtenanc's whatsouer thereunto belonging, 
in the County of Bucks, late parcell of the Estate of William, Lord 
Powis. 

And whereas the said John Wildman hath paid in ye first moyety 
of ye purchase money, due upon ye said Contract on ye 28th of 
Sep'r Instant, as by ye Acquittance of ye Treasurer for ye money 
raised by sale of ye s'd Estates may appeare. Ordered, yt ye Com'rs 
for compounding at Goldsmith's hall be desired to giue direcc'on 
to ye Com'rs of Sequestracon for ye s*d County, yt they permitt 
the said John Wildman quietly to enioy ye pr'misses, and take ye 
Rents, issues, and pi'offits thereof, according to ye said Contract, 
And yt ye Tennants and occupiers of ye pr'misses, or any p'te thereof, 
doe pay their Respective Rents unto ye said John Wildman, or such 
as he shall appoint to receiue ye same, at such dayes and times as ye 
same shall from time to time grow due & payable, and not to any 
former Collector or Recevor of ye same. WILLIAM SKTNNEB. 

HENRY SEALET. Wi. LISLE. 

WM. ROBINSON. S. GOOKIN. 

Will'm Layton of London, Gent., maketh oath that he rec'd this 
order from Druray Lowlle, as the Trustees order for saile of Delin- 
quents' estates (?). WILL'M LAYTON. 

iSworne before ye Com'rs, the 30th Decem. ib. R. W. 

Fo. 1003. By ye Trustees for ye Sale of Lands and Estates for- 
feited to ye Comonwealth for Treason. 

Whereas William Cox and Samwell ffoxley, Gent., did, on ye 23rd 
of ffeb'y 1652, contract with ye said Trustees for the purchase of All 
that Rent charge of ffiue hundred pounds p. ann. issuing out of ye 
Manners of Llannerchedol, Tertref, and Stret Marshall, the castle 
called Red Castle, within ye Honor & Barony of Powis, and the 
Messuages, Lands, Tenem'ts, Hereditam'tSj Rights, members, and 
appurten'c's thereof, in ye County of Montgomery, And out of ye 

1 By an Act passed in November 1652, cap. 23, the estates of Lord 
William Powis were, with many others, forfeited for treason, and 
ordered to be sold (Scobell, 1652, p. 210). 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 297 

Manners of Kerry, Kedewen, and Halscitor, with ye Lands, Tene- 
m'ts, hereditam'ts, Rights, members, and appurte'ces thereof, And 
out of ye Manners of Mochnant Vchcoyd & Michen Yscoyd, with 
ye Lands, Tenem'ts, and hereditam'ts, Rights, members, and appur- 
ten'ces thereunto belonging, and out of ye Mannor of Carenion, with 
ye Lands, Tenem'ts, hereditam'ts, Rights, members, and appurten'ces 
thereof, within ye Barony and County aforesaid, late parcell of ye 
possessions of S'r Piercy Herbert, Knt., And payable yearly unto 
William, Lord Powis ; which said Lands are chargeable for payment 
of the s'd Rent charge of ffiue hundred pounds p. ann. And whereas 
the said William Cox and Samwell ffoxley have paid in ye first 
moyety of ye purchase money, due upon the said Contract on ye 23rd 
of March instant, as by the Acquittance of ye Trea're's for ye moneys 
raised by Sale of ye said Estates may appeare ; Ordered, that ye 
Com'rs for Compounding at Goldsmith hall be desired to giue 
direccons to ye Com'rs of Sequestracons for ye said County, that 
they permitt ye said Wm. Cox and Samuel ffoxley, or their assignes, 
quietly to enioy ye p'misses, and take ye promts thereof, according 
to ye said Contract, & that ye Tenn'ts & and occupiers of ye p'misses, 
or any part thereof, doe pay their said Rent charge unto ye said 
William Cox and Samwell ffoxley, or such as they shall appoint to 
receiue ye same, at such dayes and times as ye same shall from time 
to time grow due and payable, and not to any former Collector or 
Receiver of ye same. HENRY SEALEY. 

SAM. GOOKIN. WM. ROBINSON. 

Wi. LISLE. WM. SKYNNER. 

NOTE 1. In State Papers, Domestic, vol. Hi, the following refers 
to the above : 

Proceedings in Council. Aug. 12, 1657. 

P. 60. Wm. Coxe and Sam. Foxley petition for relief from 
422 10s., due out of an annuity of 500 on the estate of Lord 
Powis, sold to them by the Trustees for Delinquents' Estates, which 
was paid into the Exchequer by the Sequestration Commissioners for 
North Wales. The Treasury Commissioners " Certify that 422 10s. 
is due, but petitioners 'paid their first \ but 2 days before 25 March 
1652, when a \ year's rent of 250 was due." Referred to Treasury 
Commissioners (No. 57), p. 219, at a Council held on Dec. 17, 1657. 
On a report by the Committee of Petitions on the petition of Wm. 
Cox and Sam. Foxley, and on the report from the Treasury Com- 
missioners, that the petitioners bought a rent charge of 500 a year, 
payable to Lord Powis from Sir Percy Herbert's estate, and that 
422 10s. has since been paid in thereon, which the Commissioners 
for Compounding order the County Commissioners of North Wales 
to repay the petitioners by way of defalcation, but this has not been 
done, " Order, that it be allowed them as a defalcation on their 
second \ of the purchase money, and on their delivering Public 
Faith bills to that amount to the Trustees for sale of forfeit and 
delinquents Lands. They shall have doubled Bills for 845, which 
VOL. XIX. X 



298 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

shall be allowed on their second \ of the purchase money of the said 
500 a year. Approved 29 January." 

Edward Bushell of Clem'ts Inn, in ye County of Midd., gent., 
maketh oath that he received this order from Mr. Billinghurst, as 
ye order of ye Trustees. EDW. BUSHELL. 

Sworne before ye Com'rs, ye 28 of March 1654. R. W. 

Fo. 1005. Lord Poms. Friday, 15th July 1653. 

At the Councell of State at Whitehall. 

Upon the reading of the petition of William, Lord Powys, It is 
ordered, That the Com'rs at Haberdashers hall Doe give order that 
the sum of fower pounds may bee weekly payd unto the said Lord 
Powys towards his mayntenance out of the promts of his Estate, 
and that the Arrears thereof from the tyme it was last paid may bee 
likewise payd unto him out of his sayd Estate. 

E. Jo. THTJRLOE, Seer. 

Charles Jones maketh oath that this is the true copie of the 
order giuen by the hon'ble Counsell of State at Whitehall. 
19 July 1653. CHARLES JONES. 

Sworne before ye Com'rs, 19 July 1653. B. W. 
Ord. accordingly. 

Fo. 1012. Phillipps. The Lord Powys petition, re'd 10 Sep. 1652 ; 
ord'r, 29 Sep. 1652. 

To the Hon'bles the Comissioners for Compounding. The humble 
Peticon of William, Lord Powys. 

Sheweth, That yo'r petico'rs Late Lady, Ellenor Powys, deceased, 
haueing many yeares since the some of 260 p. ann. settled uppon 
her (for her maintenance apart), issuing out of ye Lands of S'r 
Percy Herbert, her sonne, lying in Henden, in the County of Midd'x, 
which yearely rent hath bin sequestred for her Recusancy, and ye 
third part thereof, accordinge to ye ordenance, being allowed her, of 
which third part there was at Mich, last was Twelve Monthes (a 
quarter a yeare before ye Ladies death), one halfe yeare's rent due 
to her, and remaining in the handes of Roger Callcott, Deceased, 
late Recevor for ye County of Midd'x, which monies could never be 
gott out of his handes, though he dayly promised payement thereof. 

That yo'r Peton'rs Lady lay long sick, and this Annuetie was her 
onely maintenance, ye want whereof constrayned her becomeing in 
debt to sev'all poore people for all sortes of p' vision, necessaries, & 
lodging for her selfe & servants, as will appeare by theyr seu'all 
bills : yo'r pe'con'r humbly beseecheth, in behalf of ye seu'eral 
poore creditors, yo'r hono'rs would be pleased to continue seques- 
tracon of the said Calcotts estate untill satisfaction be made to these 
poore people, who otherwise are like to lose theyr monies, to theyr 
very utter undoeing. 

And yo'r Pe'con'r shall ever pray, etc. POWYS. 

29 Sep. 1652. The peticon dismist. 

Fo. 1014. Powys Lady. 21 Junij 1650. 

To the hon'ble the Comittee, Late sitting at Gouldsmith's Hall. 
The humble peticon of Dame Elnor Powis. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 299 

, Sheweth, That yo'r Peticoner, being ye daughter of Henry (late 
Earle of Northumberland), and brought a great porcon to her 
husband, the Lo: Powis, yet neverthelesse hath at this p'sent a very 
small estate allowed her to Hue uppon, two partes of three whereof 
hath bin long sequestred, according to the ordenance, and the other 
part is alsoe at this p'sent kept from her, which estate lieth in Midd'x, 
& is issueing out of the Landes of S'r Percy Herbert. 

Yo'r Peticoner humbly beseecheth yo'r hono'rs, in tender comise- 
racon of her great wants & necessities, that ye would be gratiously 
pleased to take order that she may receive the Third part formerly 
allotted for the maintenance of herself & family, which otherwise 
must extremely suffer for want of subsistance. 

And she shall ever pray, etc. ELNOR POWYS. 

21 Junij 1650. 150. Answered. 

Appeale. 

Fo. 1015. Draught of a letter to the Com'rs for ye County of 
Montgomery, ordered to bee sent. 

Whereas wee understand that since the 30th of Octo'r 1649 you 
have not payd into the Threasury of Goldsmith's Hall any money 
arising by the Sequestred Estates of Papists & Delinq'ts within the 
County of Montgomery, which is not only a Disseruice to the Comon- 
wealth, but is contrary to our Instrucc'ons & the trust reposed in 
you : Wee therefore order & require you that, within 10 dayes after 
ye receipt hereof, you pay into ye sayd Threasury all such somes as 
you have receiud out of all or any the sayd Estates, and also certifie 
how much thereof ariseth out of the estate of Lord Powys. 

Fo. 1017. Die Jouis, 3Aprilis 1651. 

The humble peticon of William, Lord Powys, was this day read. 

Ordered by the Parliament, That the pencon of fower pounds 
p. week be continued and paid unto William, Lord Powys, or his 
Assignes, out of his owne Estate, until The Parliament take further 
order ; And that Com'rs for Compounding doe gieue warrant to the 
Thre'rs of the Receipt at Goldsmith's Hall to pay the sayd weekly 
Pencon, with the Arreares thereof, due from Midsomer last past, in 
full satisfaccon of all fift p'ts out of his Estate. And the Acquittance 
or Acquittances of the sayd William, Lord Powys, or his Assignes, 
shalbe thir sufficient discharge for payment thereof accordinglie. 

Ex'd. Vera Copia. HENRY SCOBELL, Cler. 

By ye Com'rs for Compoundinge. Octavo Aprilis 1651. 

In pursuance of ye order of Parliament aboue written, It is ordered 
that ye Tre'ars at Goldsmiths hall do pay unto ye said Lord Powys 
or his Assignes the pencon of foure pounds per weeke, to geather 
with the Arreares thereof, due from Midsomer last past. And these, 
w'th his Lo'ps or his Assignes acquittance or Acquittances, shalbe to 
the said Treasurer a sufficient discharge for payment of the said 
weekly pencon and the arreares thereof accordingly. 

EDW. WINSLOW. JNO. RUSSELL. 

Vera Copia. Ex. JOHN BERNERS. Ric. MOORET. 

BATLET. 

x 2 



300 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Fo. 1019. To the Worshipfull the Treasurers at Goldsmiths 
Hall, etc. 

Gent., At the instance of the right hon'ble William, Lord Powis, 
wee, the Comission'rs of Seqnestratons for the County of Mount- 
gom'y, doe certifie that the two p'ts of the sequestred Estate of S'r 
Percy Herbert, Knt. & bart., son unto the sayd Lord Powis, in this 
Countie, hath been set the last yeere at 650^'., which as yet hath not 
been returned up. An accompt whereof, and of the rest of the last 
yeeres sequesthred rents, wee intend to giue unto the Com'rs for 
compounding w'th all speed. And as conserning the sayd Lord Powis, 
his wife and children, they never had any fifth part allowed them 
heere, which being all wee haue to certifie you, we remaine, Gents., 
Your assured friends & Servants, 

EICH. PRICE, Vic. 
HUGH PRICE. 
Redcastle, 25 April 1651. LEWIS PRICE. 

(In a different handwriting at foot) 

" A letter to Monmouth to return us the Monmouth." 

Fo. 1021. According to yo'r order of the 31st of May 1650, 
whereby the Pencon formerly ordered to the Lord Powys was re- 
ferr'd to mee to Audit and report, I have examined and doe finde, 

That upon the 19th of August 1645, It was resolued by the Com'rs 
assembled in Parliament, That the Lord Powys should haue the 
allowance of ffower pounds p. week for his maintenance in prison, 
out of his estate, by ye Comittee of Sequestracon where his Estate 
lyes. 

That upon the 5th of October following there was an order of the 
Lords and Comons for payment of the said pencon accordingly, as 
appeares by the said order under the hand of Mr. Browne, then 
Clerke of the Parliam'te. 

That upon the 7th of July 1646, It was ordered by the Comons in 
Parliam't that, in the order for giuing the said Allowance to the 
Lord Powys, these words be added, viz't (Since the time of his Im- 
prisonment), as appeares alsoe by the order under the hand of Mr. 
Scobell, nowe Clerke of the Parliament. 

That upon the 24th of April last, 1650, It was ordered by the 
Parliament that the said pencon be continued and paid, togeather 
with the Arreares, untill Midsomer next, as appeares alsoe by the 
said Mr. Scobell's hand. 

Upon the second of October 1644, the said Lord Powys was taken 
prisoner by S'r Thomas Middleton, and from that time afterwards 
kept a prisoner, as appeares by the deposicon of Charles Jones, Gent., 
seruant to the said Lord Powys, taken before Mr. Childe, one of the 
Masters of Chancery. 

Soe that if the additionall words (since the time of his Imprison- 
ment) doe intend from the time of his first being taken prisoner, 
Then the state of his pencon or allowance is thus 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 301 

For 298 weekes, beginning the second of October 

1644, and ending the Nineteenth of this instant, li. s. d. 
June 1650, Eleven hundred Ninety two pounds 1192 00 00 

Whereof 

There hath beene paid, as appeares by a Certificate 
and an Accompt from two of the Gentlemen, 
late of the Comittee of Sequestracons for the 
Countie of Mountgomery, sent unto mee with li. s. d. 
your order, the some of ... 818 09 00 

And soe there remaines due to the said Lord Powys 

the sume of Three hundred Seaventy three < s. d. 
pounds eleven shillings . . 373 11 00 

All w'ch is humbly submitted. 

20 mo Junij 1650. Hi. SHERWYN, Audit. 

Die Mercurij, 24 April's 1650. 

Fo. 1023. Ordered by Parliament, that the Pencon' formerly 
ordered to the Lord Powys be continued and paid to him, together 
with the Arreares, until! Midsomer next, And that the Com'rs of 
Goldsmiths Hall doe give warrant to the Trea'rs of Goldsmiths 
hall to make payment accordingly. HEN. SCOBELL, 

Westminster. Clir. Parliament. 

By the Com'rs for Compoundinge, etc. April 26 1650. 

These are to desire and authorize the Trea'rs to this Comittee to 
make payment of the Pencon formerly ordered to the Lord Powys, 
according to the order aboue written, ffor which this shalbe theire 
warrant. SAM. MOYER. 

31 May. Jo. RUSSELL. EDM. WINSLOW. 

Refer'd to Mr. Sherwin Jo. BERNERS. Bic. MOORE. 
to Audit & report. AR. SMITH. WILL'M MOLINS. 

Jo. LEECH. 
Jo. LEECH. 

Die Mercurij, 5tli October 1645. 

Fo. 1025. Ordered by the Lords & Comons in Parliament as- 
sembled, that the Lord Powys shall haue the allowance of 4<li. p. 
week paid him for his maintenance in Prison, out of his owne 
Estate, by the Comittee of Sequestracons where his Estate lyes. 

Jo. BKOWNE, 

Cler. Parliamentor. 
Die Martis, 19 August 1645. 

Fo. 1027. Resolued, upon the question by the Comons assembled 
in Parliam't, That the Lord Powis shall have the allowance of foure 
pound p. week paid him for his maintenance in Prison, out of his 
Estate, by the Comittee of Sequestrations where his Estate lyes, 
since the time of his Imprisonment. 

Die Martis, 7 Julij 1646. 

Ordered by the Comons assembled in Parliament, That in the 
Order for giving an Allowance to the Lord Powis for his subsist- 
ence in Prison, these words be added, (videl't) (Since the time of 
his Imprisonment). HEN. SCOBELL, 

Clir. Parliament. 



302 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Fo. 1029. Charles Jones, gentleman, servant to the Right 
hono'ble Lord Powys, maketh oath, That on the second day of 
October, one thousand sixe hundred fforty and ffower, S'r Thomas 
Middleton, Commander in Chiefe of the Parlyament fibrces in North 
Wales, did take the Castle of Red Castle, in the County of Mount- 
gomery, and therein the said Lord Powys, prisoner, whence he sent 
him to the Garrison at Oswestry, where he was kept a prisoner, 
thence to the Garrison at Wem, in the County of Salop, & from 
thence to the Garrison at Stafford, and from thence conveyed to 
London, upon his Parole, where he now remaynes at his Lodgings 
in ye Strand, aged and very infirm of Body. CHARLES JONES. 

Jurat, 19 die Junij 1650. 

Fo. 1031. To the Hon'ble the Com'rs for Compounding with 
Delinq'ts at Goldsmith's hall, etc. 

At the request of the hon'ble the Lord Powis, touching his pen- 
sion allowed him by Parliam't, and arreares thereof, wee whose 
names are subscribed, being of the Com'tee of Sequestrations then 
for the Countie of Mountgomery, haue thought fit to certifie yo'r 
honors that about a yeere after the Lord Powis was taken prisoner 
by the forces under the comand of S'r Thomas Middleton, which 
was in October 1645, wee received an order of Parliam't for paym't 
of 4<li. p. week from thence forwardes, which was accordingly done, 
as by the p'ticular enclosed appe'th ; and in the yeer 1646 the Lord 
Powis sent us another order of Parliam't, both which remain uppon 
Recorde with the then Register of this Com'tee, for the paym't of 
4:li. p. week for the yeare he lay in prison before he obteyned an 
order from Parliam't for his allowance, whereof we conceiue he 
hath reseiued (as likewise appeares by the enclosed . . . .) 80*'., 
and the sixscore pounds short of that yeers pension, " with cli. due 
unto him the 25th of March last," 1 still remaine in arreare and unpaid 
unto him, as wee conceiue. All which wee humbly leave to yo'r 
hon'rs consideration, and remaine 

Yo'r ho'rs humble seruants, 

LLOYD PIERCE, Vice Com. 

Poole, 16 May 1650. HUGH PRICE. 

Fo. 1034. An Accompt of what cash hath been at seuerall times 
paid the Lord Powis at seuerall times (sic), according to order of 
Parliam't, & w't remaines due to his Lo'pp. 

Stafford- 
Paid by Mr. Lane from Mr. Lloyd Pierce . 46 00 00 
Paid by Mr. Baggott's man ., . . 48 00 00 

Welsh Poole 

Paid by Capt. Gough from ye Gouern'r of Red Castle 48 00 00 
Paid by Mr. Thompson . . 253 09 00 

Paid by Mr. Parry & Mr. Jon. Jones from Mr. 

Lloyd Pierce . . . . . 23 00 00 

1 These words are interlined by another hand. 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 303 

Paid by Mr. Edward Morris of Penybont . 30 00 00 

Paid by Mr, Charles Lloyd . 80 00 00 

London 

Paid by Mr. Lloyd Pierce, his kinsman . . 50 00 00 

Paid by Mr. Lloyd Pierce . . . . 40 00 00 

Paid from the Lady Palmer . . 10 00 00 

Paid from Mr. Tho. Brookes . . 100 00 00 
This to the 16th of January 1649, since yt time 

paid my Lord Powis for Michaelmas, 1649 . 100 00 00 

Tot. paid . . .818 09 00 
Due uppon the whole accompt to my Lord Powis, 

to ye 26 of March 1650, one hundred & fower- s. d. 

score pounds ..... 180 

Vol. XVIII, fos. 404-23. In this Volume there is a set of papers 
relating to Lady Mary Talbot, relict of George, Lord Talbot. The 
following reference to S'r Percy Herbert occurs. It is in a report 
of Mr. John Brereton's : 

Fo. 404. " I finde that by Indenture, bearing date the seaventh of 
November 1654, made between the said Mary, Lady Talbot, relict 
of George, Lord Talbot, deceased, of the one part, and the peticoner, 
Anthony Crauen, Esq., of the other part, reciting that whereas by 
an Indenture Quadrupartite, made the 14th (?) of January 1038, 
between John, Earle of Shrewsbury, of the first parte, the said 
George, Lord Talbot, sonn and heir apparent of the said Earle, of 
the second part, S'r Percy Herbert, Kn't & Barronett, the said 
Mary, Lady Talbot,-then by the name of Mary Herbert, the sole and 
onely daughter of the said S'r Percy Herbert, of the third part..." 
The remainder has no connection with Sir Percy Herbert; but 
on fo. 433 the following further reference relating to Lady Mary 
occurs: 

" fff Haberdashers Hall, London, 18 July 1655. 

"I have made search in the Bookes of Convictions and seizures of 
Recusants in my Custody, and doe not find Mary, Lady Talbott, 
daughter of S'r Piercy Herbert, Kt., or any Mary Lady Talbott, to 
bee convicted or seized for Recusancy w'thin the Counties of Wiltes, 
Chester, Wigorn, Derby, or Salopp, in London or Middlesex ; But 
I doe find one by the name of Mary Talbot, spinster, of Upton 
Warren, in the s'd County of Wigorn, Certifyed by Mr. White, 
Clerke of Assizes in the County of Wor't'r, to bee convicted of 
Recusancy w'thin the s'd County, 26 Aug. 1650 ; But whether be 
any seisure upon the estate of the s'd Mary Talbot, Spinster, or 
upon any Dame Mary Lady Talbott, or Mary Herbert, w'thin the 
s'd Counties for recusancy, appeares not in my Bookes, w'ch I hereby 
certifie. " DAUBBNY WILLIAMS." 



304 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 



VIII. Documents relating to the settlement made by the Earl of 
Shrewsbury on Lady Mary Herbert, only daughter of Sir 
Percy Herbert, on her marriage with George, Lord Talbot, 
the said Earl's son and heir-apparent. 

Vol. LXXVIII, fo. 78. Petition for a Eeference. 84 L. 

To the hono'ble the Corn'rs for Compounding. The humble petition 
of John Purcell, Esq. 

Sheweth, That whereas John, Earle of Shrewsbury, in and by 
a Quadripartite Indenture, bearing date the 18th of January 1638, 
in consideration of a marriage then to be had betweene George, 
Lord Talbott, his then sonne & heire aparent, with the Lady Mary 
Talbott, then Mary Herbert, daughter of S'r Percy Herbert, and of 
tenne thousand pounds porcion payd unto the sayd Earle, did settle 
uppon the sayd Lady Mary Talbott a rent of one thousand pounds 
p. ann. during the joynt liues of the sayd Earle and Lady Mary, forth 
of diners Manners, lands, and hereditaments lying in the Counties 
of Worcester, Sallopp, Chester, Wilts, and Derby, with clause of 
distresse and entry upon the sayd lands for nonepayment of the 
sayd yearely rent. And the sayd George, Lord Talbott, married 
the sayd Lady Mary, and the sayd lord Talbot, aboute nine yeares 
since, Died, And the Lady Mary Talbott, the 26th day of November 
last, for good & valuable consideraoon, did by her Indenture 
graunt & assigne the said rent charge to yo'r peti'oner and his 
Assignes during the Joynt liues of the sayd Earle and Lady Mary 
Talbott, that the said Mannors, lands, and premises, out of which 
the sayd rent is issueing, are under sequestracon for delinquency of 
the sayd Earle. 

Yo'r petition'r humbly prayes that the sayd Quadripartite Inden- 
ture & Deed of Assignment may be allowed, & the Sequestracon of 
the Mannors & lands chargeable with the sayd rent charge may 
be taken of, whereby yo'r petico'er may be inabled to take his legall 
course for recouery of the sayd rent charge. 

And yo'r petico'r shall euer pray, etc. 

24th Feb'y 1652. JOHN PURCELL. 

The Com'rs in the Con trie to certifie and Mr. Brereton to report. 

R. M. E. W. 

Vol. LXI, fos. 452 to 518. A set of papers relating to the petition 
of Lady Mary Talbot (only daughter of Sir Percy Herbert), touch- 
ing the arrears of rent arising from the 1,000 a year settled upon 
her at her marriage with George, Lord Talbot, son and heir of John, 
Earl of Shrewsbury, the estates of the latter being under seques- 
tration. Among the papers is an affidavit by Sir Percy Herbert, 
with autograph at foot (fo. 477), also of Lady Mary (fo. 479), and 
a copy of the deed executed in quadripartite before her marriage, 
with a marginal entry by another hand, describing the names of 



SIR PERCY HERBERT. 305 

the manors, etc., in the different counties, which were intended to 
be the security for the due payment of the 1,000 a year. Folios 
497-508. Statement of the different sums, and from whom received 
by Lady Mary, also from what source each emanated. 

These papers do not otherwise refer to Sir Percy Herbert or any 
of his relatives. 



State Papers, Domestic. 

Vol. LV, p. 4. January 6, 1662-3. 

Wm. Knarsbrongh to Sec. Bennet. States, at request of Lady Eliz. 
Herbert, that persons non compos mentis are distinguished into idiots 
from birth ; those who have become so by grief or accident ; and 
lunatics ; who are only so sometimes ; in this latter case the King 
cannot, as in the others, seize the profits of the estate to his own 
use, providing for the maintenance of the idiot and his family ; and 
if he grant them to a patentee, the latter is responsible for the 
profits. Her ladyship, to prevent a public scandal, desires a grant 
from the King. Annexes. 

P. 13 i. Statement, that in January 1639, George, late Lord Talbot, 
married Mary Herbert, only daughter of Percy, Lord Powis, and in 
lieu of her portion of 13,000, had ,1,000 a year settled on her 
after the death of her husband, and 1,000 more after that of John, 
Earl of Shrewsbury, his father. That she conveyed the said annui- 
ties in trust for the children of Wm. Herbert, her brother ; that 
on Sept. 8, 3662, Lady Powis, her mother, died, whereby her health 
and disposition is much altered, and it is requested that no grant 
may be made of her person or estate save to those to whom it is 
already made, who would receive no advantage by her death. 



Miscellaneous papers found among the papers relating to Sir Percy 

Herbert. 

Vol. LI, fo. 489. William Herbert, Esqr., the sonne & heyre 
apparent of S'r Percy Herbert of Powis Castle, in the County of 
Montgomery, Kn't and Baronett, maketh oath that he hath Re- 
ceiued the some of Three thousand pounds in Hillary terme last, as 
p'te of the marriage porc'on of the Lady Elizabeth Herbert, his now 
wife, ffor w'ch said some he, this Depon't, well knoweth that 
William, Lord Petre, and Humphrey Weld, Esq., became bound 
aud engaged as security for the same. WILLIAM HERBERT. 

Sworn before the Com'rs, 5 Aprill 1655. 
E. W. 

Fo. 491 The Lady Elizabeth Herbert, the now wife of William 
Herbert, Esq., maketh oath that Henry, Earle of Worsester, deceased, 
her late Grandfather, did not any time in his lifetime, nor by his 
last Will & Testament, to the Knowledge of this Depon't, giue, 
Deuise, bequeath, or otherwise Lymitt or appoint any Some or 



306 ROYALIST COMPOSITION PAPERS. 

Somes of money whatsoeuer to be payd for or toward the marriage 
portion of her, this deponent ; Nor that she, this deponent, did re- 
ceiue any Some or somes of money from her said grandfather, or 
any other by his appointm't, for or towarde her said marriage porcon. 

ELIZA. HERBERT. 

Sworne before the Com'rs this 5th of April 1655. 
R. W. 

Fo. 493. William, Lord Peeters, maketh oath That he, this 
depon't, together with Humphrey Weld, Esq., become bound and 
engaged for 3000^'., which was taken upp and payd in part of the 
portion of Lady Elizabeth Somersett, to William Herbert, Esq., hir 
now husband, or by his appointment, And that the said Humphrey 
Weld, Esq., and this depon't, haue taken for securitie, for the full satis- 
faction and payment of the sayd sume of 3000^'., the Manors of Castle 
Byethorn & Little Byethorn, in the Countie of Lincolne, graunted 
to them by Beniamin Weston, Esqr., by his deed dated the 7th of 
ffebruarye 1654, and now shewed unto him, this depon't, for and 
dureing all the residue and remainder of the Tearme and Estate of 
him, the sayd Benjamin Beston, of & in the sayd Manners. And 
this depon't further deposeth that he knoweth not anye thinge, 
eyether in law or equity, why the sayd Humphrey Weld, Esq., and 
the Depon't should not enioy the sayd Manners, & receiue the rents 
and profittes thereof, according to the said Deed. WILL. PETRE. 

Sworne before the Com'rs this 5th of Aprill 1655. 

Fo. 495. A deposition in similar terms, by Humphrey Weld, Esq. 

Vol. LIII, fo. 625. A certificate under the hand of R. Sherwyn, 
Auditor, dated 14 July 1652, showing the amounts due by persons 
in various counties to the State for lands held under grants from 
the Crown. Among them appears the name of Sir Percy Herbert 
as owing an arrear due at Michaelmas 1650, of 144 16s. 8fd., 
being one year's rent as " ffee farmor of the Mannor of Mount- 
gomery, Kerry, and Kedwin, in the Co. of Montgomery," but the 
Auditor did not know whether these lands were at the time under 
sequestration or not. 

(All the preceding documents are copied from volumes in the 
First Series.) 

Second Series. 

Vol. XVI, fo. 430. John Royden of Lloran. A reference to a 
lease of lands in Ruarth and Cef ncoch, Montgomeryshire, demised to 
him and another by Sir Percy Herbert, 6th October 1646 (see Note 
33 in vol. xviii, Mont. Coll., ii, pp. 264-65). 



307 



A HISTORY 

OF THB 

PAKISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR 

BY RICHARD WILLIAMS, F.R.H.S. 



(Continued from p. 112.) 



CHAP. II. ECCLESIASTICAL. 

THE CHURCH. The parish church (of which an illus- 
tration is given) is an ancient structure, and is dedi- 
cated to St. Mary, her festival being August 15th. 
It stands, as already mentioned, on the summit of a 
little hill, rather to the south-west of the exact centre 
of the parish. Its date is ascribed by some to the 
twelfth century, while others claim for it a much 
earlier foundation as early, indeed, as the seventh 
century. An old monkish legend, common to many 
other places, relates that attempts had been made to 
build the church on another spot, but that every night 
an invisible being pulled down what had been built 
during the day, exclaiming the while, "Dol gdd yfdn" 
(Forsake the meadow), and " Llanbrynmair llun bron 
merch", indicating by this description the little hill 
where he wished it to be built ; and that in obedience 
to this reiterated injunction the present site was eventu- 
ally adopted. It is very possible that the township of 
Dolgadfan, within which the church stands, may have 
taken its name from St. Cadfan, who may have ori- 
ginally founded a church here in the sixth century, 
which in later ages was re-dedicated to St. Mary. 
But most probably the township and farm of Dolgad- 
fan took their name from a odd, or battle fought there 



308 HISTORY OP THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMA1R. 

at a remote period, the incidents of which have been 
long forgotten. 

The church consists of a nave, chancel, north tran- 
sept or " Cross Church", south porch, and a massive 
belfry tower at the western end, separated from the 
main body of the church by a partition of timber-work 
and plaster. There are indications that at one time 
the belfry was open to the rest of the church. For- 
merly a singers' loft stood at the west end, the entry 
to which was through the belfry. This was pulled 
down in 1860. Remnants of somewhat rude carving, 
probably from an ancient rood-screen, were nailed to 
the front of this gallery. A small fragment only of 
this now remains, and has been used to ornament the 
pulpit. The walls are of great thickness, and the 
style of architecture may be described as Early English 
of the latter part of the fourteenth century. The 
windows were all renewed in 1860, with one exception, 
that one (of which an illustration is given) having been 
patched up and retained in the north transept to show 
their former character. It is a genuine old window of 
Perpendicular English style, and has this peculiarity 
and uniqueness about it, that the mullions at the head 
incline to one another, and the two side head-lights 
are not erect, which is very unusual. It contains one 
small pane of beautiful old coloured glass, all that 
remains, probably, of a former chancel window. The 
sill of this window has long since disappeared, and 
rude masonry has been built up to near the glass. 
Another window has the head-lights trefoiled, carved 
out of old red sandstone. The font, of which an 
illustration is also given, is very early. The belfry is 
a fine, though rather rude specimen of ancient car- 
pentry. It is mainly supported by four immense 
pillars of oak, square cut, fourteen inches each side 
and twenty-two feet long, which go nearly to the top. 
The tradition is (and most probably a correct one) that 
they were all cut out of one " brenhinbren", or royal 



310 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

Lord Bishop of St. Asaph . . 40 

St. Asaph Church Building Society . 80 

Incorporated Church Building Society . 80 

Bangor Church Building Society . 25 

Miss Russell, Gellidywyll . . 30 

Rev. Charles Tripp, D.D. . .550 
D. M. Evans, Esq., Regent Street, London 500 

Thomas Jones, Esq., Aberartro . .400 

A. S. Tripp, Esq., Esgair Evan . 3 13 6 

Evan Howell, Esq., London . .330 

Abraham Howell, Esq., Welshpool . 330 

David Howell, Esq., Machynlleth .330 

Griffith Francis, Esq., Brynaere . .200 

Mr. Andrew Brees, Bronderwgoed . 1 10 

Rev. D. Jones, Brynffordd, Holywell . 100 

Mrs. Jones, Shop . . . .100 

Mr. Robert Lloyd, Wynnstay Arms . 100 

Mr. Richard Morris, Wig . . 100 

Subscriptions under 1 . . .250 

Collected at Church Opening , . 7 16 

299 18 6 



The restoration was commenced while the church 
was in St. Asaph diocese, but completed after the 
jurisdiction was transferred to Bangor (as hereafter 
explained), hence the grant from each. The old pews 
were taken down and replaced by open seats without 
doors ; the ceiling was also removed and the massive 
old timber- work of the roof laid open ; a partition 
between the nave and the north transept (where the 
charity school had been kept for many years) was 
taken down ; several new windows were put in ; the 
font was re-erected on a new base ; the old singers' 
gallery was taken down, as already mentioned ; the 
interior of the church was re-plastered, the outer walls 
pointed, and various smaller repairs and improvements 
were carried out. 

About 1858 four or five dwelling-houses, the backs 
of which were built against the southern boundary of 






















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a 

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HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMA1R. 311 

the churchyard, were pulled down, and thus a great 
nuisance was removed. 

The following is a copy of a Terrier of Llanbryn- 
mair, made the sixth day of May 1775, and compared 
with the Terrier made in 1730 : 

" The Church is to be repaired at the charge of the Parish in 
general; the Rector or Vicar have not, time out of mind, repaired 
any part thereof. The first Pew in ye Cross Church next the 
pulpit belongeth to the Vicar ; he hath also a seat in the Bast 
end and right side of the Chancell, beyond the reading 
seat, where he likewise hath a right of burying place, being 
in breadth half the chancell, and in length above three 
yards. 

" The house of Rhiwsaeson hath a right to as much ground 
on the other side of the Chancell where their Pew is erected. 
The Churchyard containeth about half a statute acre round 
about the church, to be repaired and fenced at the charge of 
the four townships 1 of the parish, according to the several 
divisions well known. There are two parcels of arable land 
belonging to the Vicar, the one on the North side the church, 
below ye garden, being about three quarters of an acre, and 
called Yr erw tu hwtn i'r Eglwys, or Yr erw bellaf. Above 
this piece is a garden, containing about a quarter of an acre of 
the same breadth, with ye piece both fenced round with a good 
quickset hedge. Between the garden and the church stands a 
low narrow Timber house, containing four bays and a Pentice 
at the East end, and a shed almost the length of the house, 
which was first built by Michael Jones, Vicar in the year 1716. 
All the buildings are covered with slate. The parlour was 
new floored with Oak, papered and ceiled by the present 
Vicar. The Barn contains three small bays of timber ; there is 
another low timber building containing three bays, one of 
which is a stable, the others for hay or corn. The other piece 
of ground stands on the south side of ye Church, is divided 
from the Churchyard by the road, is called Erw nesaf, and 
contains somewhat about a statute acre. There is also one 
other small parcel of meadow ground belonging to ye church 
in the lower end, on the north side of a meadow called Weir- 
glodd fawr, which belongeth to a tenement called Esgair Evan. 
The church land is known by ye meres, and commonly called 



1 See post, p. 317, as to Talerddig Chapel. 



312 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

Task y tair ceiniog, about half an acre. 1 The Rector had a 
claim formerly to half ye house and Glebe, which claim Dr. 
Lloyd, then Bishop of St. Asaph, thought fit to alter and ex- 
change for a valuable consideration, in the year 1692, as will 
appear by a copy of his Lordship's letter written on that occa- 
sion, which is annexed to this Terrier. 

" The modi decimandi of the parish. The corn of the whole 
parish is tithed when made up in shocks, the titheing man 
taking the tenth shock or tenth sheef (except in the township 
or Hamlet of Rhiwsaeson, for the Tithe corn of which Town- 
ship the house of Rhiwsaeson pays five shillings annually, 
which should be paid upon the Communion Table on the 
Feast of All the Saints). The Lambs of every parishioner 
are tithed, gathered together into one fold, the owner chusing 
the first, the tithing man the next, and so continually untill 
the whole number be tithed, paying one for every ten. There is 
a Lamb due for Tithe out of six, seven, eight, or nine Lambs, 
paying the owner of the lambs two pence for every one that 
shall be wanting of ten. Where there be but five lambs the 
tithing man taketh up the best, and the owner putteth a price 
upon it, and the tithing man hath his choice either to give or 
take half the value. Two pence is due for every lamb under 
five. The Wool is titheable either by the fleece or pound, the 
Owner laying by the tenth Fleece or Pound when shorn or 
weighed. One goose out of every man's flock where there are 
three Goselings at least is the due tithe, and if there be in the 
same flock above ten it is no more. Kids are tithed in the 
same manner : one comes for tithe out of three, and if the 
number exceeds ten it is no more. For the milk of every cow 
three half pence is due, of every heifer one penny. For every 
foal a penny ; for the milk of every score of Ewes three pence 
is due. For every Sow a pig is due for tithe if there be above 
two. From Hemp and Flax the tenth handful is due for 
Tithe. The Tithe of honey is gathered usually at the same 
time as the Michaelmas wool. Tithe eggs are gathered before 
Easter. 

" Easter Duties. Every married couple, every widower and 
widow, every man and maid servant, and every single person 
living upon his or her own proper charge and cost, is to pay at 
Easter three pence. Every single person living upon his or 

1 'In the Terrier of 1791 (see post) the following words are added: 
" There belongeth to Vicar only the Hay of the afores'd Task tair 
ceiniog ; the Grazing, etc., belongeth to the aforesaid Tenement call'd 
Esgairefan." 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 313 

her parents' cost and charge is to pay at Easter one penny. 
Every Miller occupying or paying rent for a mill is to pay at 
Easter for his Mill and trade Two shillings and four pence. 
Every Fuller or Walker occupying or paying rent for a Fulling 
or Walking Mill is to pay at Easter for his Mill and trade 
One shilling and four pence. Every other Tradesman payeth 
at Easter for his Trade four pence. 

" Dues at other offices. Every woman, when she comes to be 
churched, payeth sixpence. For a marriage by Banns three 1 
shillings and sixpence is ye usual fee : by licence seven shil- 
lings. 2 Every person gathering Hay is to pay four pence in 
lieu of Tithe upon the Communion table on the Feast of All 
Saints immediately after divine service, thence commonly called 
All Saints Groats, or as others will have it, Two pence for 
Tithe Hay, and two pence for the offerings of the four seasons. 
" Belonging to the Church, one Silver Chalice, containing 
above half a pint, but much worn, and dinged ; a pewter Flagon 
and Cover, containing above two quarts ; two Surplices, a 
carpet, white cloth, and napkin for the Communion table ; 
Cushion for ye pulpit ; four great Bibles, three of them Welsh, 
and but one entire, one English ; Common Prayer Book, 
English, but much torn ; two Welsh Common Prayer Books, 
one large and one small. 
" There are three bells. 

" The Clark has eighteen shillings every year by private con- 
tract for keeping the church clean, finding bread for the sacra- 
ment, and washing the surplice. He claims four pence for 
every woman that is churched, four pence from every parish- 
ioner who keeps an Ox Team, in lieu of Bell Sheaf; four-pence 
from every married couple at Easter ; from every marriage 
one shilling if by licence, if by banns, sixpence. The Clark 
hath offerings at funerals. That this is a true Terrier we do 
hereby testify the day and year above written. 

" DAVID DA VIES, Vicar. " BLAENEY EDWARD. 

" THOMAS BKEES. " WILLIAM WOOD. 

" GWILLIM WILLIAMS. " DAVID OWEN. 

" THOMAS JERVIS. " DAVID JONES. 
" JOHN JERVIS. 

" JOHN JERVICE. ") m. i j 

mi i r> c ( Churchwardens, 

The mark R of > 177 , , 77 - > 

" RICHARD HUMPHREYS. ) A ' ' *' L "- 



1 In the Terrier of 1791, "five". 

2 In the same, " and sixpence", are added. 



VOL. XIX. 



316 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 



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HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 317 

strongly and substantially made of solid oak, and may 
yet last many generations. 

Another Terrier was made on the 4th of July 1791. 
It is an almost verbatim copy of the Terrier of 1775, 
and is signed by 

THOMAS LLOYD, Vicar of Llanbrynmair. 

THOMAS JONES, ) n i , -, 
-r, > Churchwardens. 

EGBERT JONES, j 

EVAN JONES. 

The mark X of RICHARD JONES. 

The mark X of THOMAS JONES. 

DAVID SWANCOT. 

The mark H of HARRY HUGH. 

EDWD. EVANS. 

ABRAHAM THOMAS. 

With reference to Morgan Lloyd's legacy, the follow- 
ing note is added : " N.B. The above legacy, left 
by the above mention'd Morgan Lloyd, has been time 
out of mind thought proper by the Vicars & Overseers 
to be laid out To the use and support of a Charity 
School at the above mentioned Llanbrynmair." 

A chapel of ease is said to have formerly stood near 
Talerddig. It is shown on Speed's County Map, pub- 
lished in 1610, as " Talgareth Chap/', but no traces of 
any such building now exist. The names of Pen bane 
y capel, Cae twnti'r capel, and Cwm llan, by which 
fields in that vicinity are still known, seem to confirm 
the tradition. It is also added that the " Cross 
Church", or transept, was added to the parish church 
soon after the Reformation, to take the place of 
Talerddig Chapel. It will be observed that, according 
to the Terriers, the repairs of the church are to be 
charged to " the four Townships of the parish" pre- 
sumably Pennant, Dolgadfan, Tafolwern, and Rhiwsae- 
son and it has been surmised that the fifth township 
(Tirymyneich) was excused on the ground of its having 
to repair the Talerddig Chapel. As a matter of fact, 
the church repairs were certainly borne in 1 745 (when 
the earliest extant accounts begin), and subsequently, 
by all the townships rateably, and it must be assumed 
that an arrangement to this effect was made some time 



314 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

" N.B. That the only Eoad into Erw bellaf is thro' ye Gar- 
den, w'ch is now shut up. The Ways into the other Pieces are 
constantly made use of. " DAVID DAVIES, Vicar." 

A copy of Bishop Lloyd's letter : 

' ' For the Rev'd Mr. William Davies, Vicar of Llanbrynmair 
This. 

" SIR, Whereas your Predecessors, Vicars of Llanbrynmair, 
anciently had & rec'd fourty shillings yearly in Lieu of Sermons 
to be preached there, from ye Rectors of Llanbrynmair, and 
Whereas the former Rectors of the said Church had one moiety 
of the House & Gleab & Easter Duties belonging to ye said 
Church ; I have, for ye Conveniency & Advantage both of the 
Rector & Vicar, in my Institution of Mr. Maurice Vaughan 
excepted the House & Gleab & Easter Duties wholly to the 
Vicar ; & presuming that Mr. Vaughan will allow the Vicar all 
that is excepted in his Institution, I do not think fit to require 
him besides to pay any thing towards preaching in the s'd 
Church, but that ye whole Duty shall be incumbent on the 
Vicar. ll Y'r loving Brother & Diocesan, 

" St. Asaph, 1 8 April '92. " W. ASAPH." 

N.B. The original Letter is lost. 

" The Will of Morgan Lloyd, late of Caelan, in ye parish of 
Llanbrynmair, in the County of Montgomery and Diocese of 
St. Asaph, Gent., dece'd, bears date the 13th of November 
1702. Proved in the Consistory Court of Saint Asaph, the 
26th of November 1703." 

Extract. 

" Item. I give, devise, and bequeath unto my son and Heir, 
Littleton Lloyd, all my purchased Lands, Hereditaments, & 
Tenements lying and being in the parishes of Llanbrynmair & 
Trefeglwys, & to the Heirs of his Body lawfully to be begotten, 
& in Default of such Issue, unto the said Littleton Lloyd. I 
bequeath, give, & devise the aforesaid purchased Lands, Here- 
ditaments, & Tenements unto my son, Rees Lloyd, & his Heirs 
for ever, Except one Tenement which I have bought of John 
Owen Evan, in the s'd Parish of Trefeglwys, & now in the 
Tenure, Possession, and Occupation of one Richard Meredith, 
which I do give & bequeath to the Poor of the Parish of Llan- 
brynmair, The Rents, Issues, & Profits yearly accruing out & 
from the said Tenement to be distributed at ye Discretion of 
the Vicar and Overseers of the Poor of the said Parish of 
Llanbrynmair & their Successors for ever, & also do give power 
to the s'd Vicar & Overseers to set, let, take, & receive & dis- 
train upon the said premisses." 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 315 

The following is added in a later handwriting: 

" Abstract of Mr. Humphrey Jones of Brynaire's Will, dated 
the llth day of December 1783. 1 

" Testator bequeathed to his wife, Margaret Jones, 120. 

" To Margaret Jones, Daughter of his Cousin, Richard Jones 
of Gwernyffreedd, deceased, 20. 

" To his Son, Griffith Jones, 5. 

" To the Daughters of his Sister, Mary Jones, fifty shillings 
each. 

" All to be paid within 12 months next after his Decease. 

" To the children of his son, Griffith Jones, 100 between 
them, in equal shares, at 21 or marriage, with lawful Interest 
towards their maintenance. 

" To Morris Jones, natural son of the Testator's Son, Richard 
Jones, deceas'd, 5, to be paid within one month after Testator's 
Decease. 

" To such of the poor of ye parish of Llanbrynmair as shall 
attend his Funeral, 10, to be distributed by his Executors in 
the Church Yard on ye Day of the Funeral. 

" To the Rev'd Mr. Baker and Mr. Thomas Jones of Bsgir 
Efan, 30 upon Trust, and to ye Intent that they and ye 
Successors of Mr. Baker, Vicars of Llanbrynmair, & ye Heirs of 
Mr. Jones, lay out ye same at Interest, and pay ye Interest to 
ye Schoolmaster of the Charity School at Llanbrynmair, to 
encrease ye Provision made for such Schoolmaster. 

" To such of his ffriends, John Edwards & Humphrey Jones, 2 
at Machynlleth, as shall take ye Trouble of settling & adjusting 
his affairs, 10 for his Trouble therein. 

" All the Residue to his sons, John Jones & Evan Jones, in 
equal shares, whom he appoints Executors." 



"A Plan of the Chancel of the Parish Church of Llanbryn- 
mair, with the Seats belonging to the several Houses under- 
mentioned. Approv'd and signed by those on the other side 
of the Leaf, at a Vestry held on the 7th day of June 1756." 

This plan is given on the next page. It bears the 
signatures of twenty-one parishioners. The transept, 
it will be seen, is not included in the plan ; probably 
because it was set apart for the day-school, or because 
the seats in it were not appropriated. Some of the 
old benches have been preserved. They are very 

1 He died 12th December 1786, aged 78. 

2 Both were solicitors, the first-named being the grandfather of 
the present Marchioness (Dowager) of Londonderry. 

Y 2 



318 HTSTOEY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

anterior to that date, which, rather strangely, was not 
noticed in the Terriers. 

The Communion plate now consists of the old sil- 
ver chalice referred to in the Terrier (which is never 
used now), and a new electro-plate chalice and paten 
presented in 1883 by the present Rector, who at the 
same time also gave to the church a very handsome 
alms-dish of embossed polished brass. 

Books. In 1855 five well-bound folio copies of the 
Bible and Prayer Book in English were presented to 
the church by Arthur Sampford Tripp, Esq., then of 
Esgair Evan. There are also Welsh copies of both. 

The parish chest, now stowed away in the belfry, is 
a very curious and remarkable piece of antiquity. It 
is hewed out of one solid piece of oak, about seven feet 
long by about two feet in width and two in depth. 
The lid is in two pieces, each nearly two inches thick. 

Monuments. The church contains only two monu- 
ments. One is an ornamental canopied tablet of a 
kind of limestone or granite, with the arms of the 
Gellidywyll family, and the following inscription : 
" Sacred to the memory of Anne Browne Russell of 
Gellendowyl (sic), Llanbrynmair, widow of Robert Rus- 
sell, Esq., of Exmouth, Devon. A Tribute of Gratitude 
from her, attached and faithful step-daughter, Anne 
Russell. Anne Browne Russell died the xxn of April 
MDCCCXXXI, aged LXXIX." This monument is placed 
against the south wall of the chancel. Underneath is 
a slab of the same material as the monument, stat- 
ing that "Robert Russell died at Exmouth, Sep'r 
MDCCCXXII." 

The other is a white marble tablet, with a small 
shield of the same material, on which are engraved the 
arms of the Dolgadfan family, with the following in- 
scription : "Mary Griffiths, ob. 12 Dec. 1765. John 
Griffiths, ob. 11 Oct. 1788. David Griffiths, ob. 7 March 
1799. Elizabeth Griffiths, ob. 2 Dec. 1828. Elizabeth 
Anne, only daughter of David and Elizabeth Griffiths, 
ob. 4 Nov. 1825. Dolgadfan." 

At the restoration of the church in 1860, one of the 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 319 

windows in the north wall was filled with coloured 
glass, and the following inscription was placed upon 
it : " To the Glory of God and in memory of Thomas 
Hilary and Agnes Matilda Kirkham. Erected by their 
Parents, A,D. MDCCCLX." 

The Registers commence in 1663, and consist of 
several parchment volumes : baptisms or births, mar- 
riages, burials or deaths, being recorded in different 
parts of the same volume. Up to 1699 the entries 
were made in Latin ; since that date they have been 
made for the most part in English. During many of 
the earliest years, in particular, they were extremely 
well kept, and the volumes are all in fairly good pre- 
servation ; but there are two leaves of the second 
volume missing, comprising the burials for the years 
1717, 1718, part of 1719, 1727, 1728, and part of 1729. 
The large number of names and surnames, that in 
Welsh parishes are uncommon, which occur in the 
early registers is very remarkable ; the more so, as, 
with a very few exceptions, they have now quite dis- 
appeared from the parish. Among the Christian names 
may be instanced : Athelstan, Caleb, Abednego, Eubu- 
lus, Gideon, Ednyvet, Lancelot, Luke, Nathan, Oliver, 
Randolph or Randle, Littleton, Timothy, Amos, Oba- 
diah, and Zacharias; Abigail, Audrey, Barbara, Blanche, 
Bridget, Dinah, Dyddgu, Esther, Grace, Joyce, Lettice, 
Mabel, 1 Sina, 1 Gwenllian, Judith, Tabitha, Sibyl, and 
Ursula. The following may still be met with : Abiah, 
Ezekiel, Jonah, Jonathan, Absalom, Joshua, Moses, and 
Nathaniel ; Dorothy, Lydia, Rebecca, and Susannah. 
Among the surnames which have become extinct in 
this parish may be mentioned: Arnold, Aron, Bate, 
Blayney, Carington, Clayton, Corbett, Crowder, Bick- 
erton, Brighton, Ditch, Dod, Ednyvet, Austine, Ham- 
mond, Hancock, Colley, Irish, Lake, Mason, Newell, 
Parton, Persoll, Parrock, Reynallt, Rhydderch, Robot - 
ham, Row, Savage, Stanley, Steele, Stubbs, Sute, Tart, 

1 As to these, the Rev. William Wynn, Vicar, 1739-47, remarks: 
"Mabel (vulgo forsan pro Mirabel)." "Sina (vulgo ut opinor pro 
Lucina)." 



320 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMA1R. 

Tudge, Turner, Whittington, Wilding, and Wood. The 
following are still to be found : Bebb, Ingram, Jarman, 
Jervis, Peate, Bennett, Burton, Tibbott, and Wigley. 

Some of the above Christian names may be easily 
accounted for as relics of Puritanism, but it is difficult 
to account for others, and especially for most of the 
surnames. There is a tradition, but whether there is 
any foundation for it or not I cannot tell, that a troop 
of Cromwell's soldiers was disbanded in Upper Mont- 
gomeryshire, where many of the men settled down. 

The following are among the " old folks" whose 
burials are recorded in the parish registers : 

1668-9. Jan'y 29, Catherine Parry, Widow of the Rev. Edw'd Williams, 

aged 93. 
1730-1. March 23, Samuel Wood, aged 89. 

1734. March 2, Helen Evans, aged 105. 

1735. Nov. 24, Jane Owen of Cwm-mawr, aged 100. 
1735-6. Feb. 12, Thomas Edwards of Talerddig, aged 97. 

And many others who are stated to have been " grand- 
sevus" (very old). The first of these entries shows 
that, in recording the death or burial of a widow, her 
maiden surname, not that of her late husband was 
often given. On the 7th May 1667, Humphrey Thomas 
of Rhwng clawdd a choed is said to have been buried 
" amiculo ferali panni tenuis involutus" (wrapped by a 
friend in a thin funeral cloth). Query, does this mean 
that he was buried in a cloth, instead of a coffin, as 
sometimes was the case in those days ? 

The Bells. The three bells are of rich tone, and bear 
the following inscriptions : 

1st bell (treble) GLORIA . IN . EXCELS . s . DEO . 1665. 

2nd bell (tenor) GOD SAUE sm (sic) CHVECH OVB KING AND 
REALME . 1665. 

3rd bell (bass) PROSPERITY TO THIS PARISH CHURCH . A * R . 
1759. 

These are generally called y glochfach, y gloch ganol, 
ar gloch fawr (the little bell, the middle bell, and the 
big bell). The letters A. R. on the big bell are probably 
intended for the initials of Abraham' or Abel Rudhall, 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 321 

the celebrated bell-founders. The word SIH on the 
tenor bell is evidently the result of inadvertence on 
the part of the founder, and is intended for HIS. The 
Churchwardens' Accounts for the year 1 760 contain the 
following entries : " To Samuell West, bell-hanger, 
for setting up ye Bells, 8 2s. 5d. and 5. To Jno. 
Angel for caring (carrying) the great Bell from Gloster 
to Aberdovey, 1 12s. Od To Humphrey Ellis and 
Bich'd Jones for Timber to the use of the Bells, 
1 1 5s. Od, and Thomas Williams for Timber, 2 1 6s. Od 
To Hugh Jones, Couper, for Hoops to the Wheels of 
the Bells, 6s. Od. To Thomas Price for working 
at the Bells, 1 Is. Od To David Thomas, Smith, 
6s. Od For the new Eopes to the Bells, 8s. 6d 
For sundry Jorneys for Timber to the use of the 
Bells, 4s. Od. For Oyl to the Bells, Is. 8d 
For nails to the Bells, Is. lid" The previous year 
half-a-crown had been paid " for ayl by drewing down 
and setting up the big Bell", two shillings to John 
Rowland (carpenter) for setting it up, and ten shillings 
and sixpence for its carriage to Derwenlas, doubtless 
on its way to Gloucester to be recast. 

The churchyard is as peaceful and sunny a spot as 
can well be found anywhere. It contains five ancient 
yew-trees, and the remains of a once majestic elm, 
beneath whose shade many generations of 

" The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep. 

* * * * * 

The breezy call of incense-breathing morn, 
The swallow twittering from the straw-built shed, 
The cock's shrill clarion, or the echoing horn, 
No more shall rouse them from their lowly bed." (GRAY.) 

Among those who rest here may be named the poets 
Wmffre Dafydd ab Ifan and Gwilym Cyfeiliog, and 
those faithful ministers of Christ, the Revs. Richard 
Tibbot and John Roberts (the elder). There are but 
few tombs or tombstones of much interest. Owing to 
the perishable quality of the stones generally used for 
headstones and flat tombstones, the oldest to be found 



322 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OP LLANBRYNMAIR. 



is not much over a hundred years old. The porch over 
the principal entrance to the churchyard was rebuilt in 
1847. 

An excellent brass dial on a stone pillar stands near 
the church porch. An inscription, " Samuel Roberts, 
Llanvair, 1754", engraved upon it, supplies the maker's 
name and the date of its erection. The latitude is 
also marked upon it as 52 35'. 

The western gable of the belfry tower, commonly 
called " y talcen mawr", was formerly a favourite place 
for ball-playing, and tradition says that this pastime 
was in olden times much indulged in, even immediately 
after divine service on Sundays. The ground adjoin- 
ing it was kept clear, no graves being dug there, until 
about thirty-five years ago. Those who preferred cock- 
fighting adjourned, it is said, to a small piece of ground 
at the foot of a gentle slope near Pont-y-Green, about 
a quarter of a mile from the church. 

The Churchwardens Accounts from 1745 to 1851 
are now before the writer. Those for the lower division 
and for the upper division of the parish are made out 
separately. The following copies of those for 1745 
may be taken as fair samples of the others : 



Upper Division 

To Tho. Morgan for mossing ye Church 
To Corrections (Visitation) feess 
To the Court 
To Bell-Ropes 
To Thos. Bebb, Cleark 
To the Glassier 
To Abram William 
To my Joyrney to Llanworing 
To three Joyrneys to Darowen 
To Expence at ye above Joyrneys 
To Joyrneys to Trefeglwys (to the Charity land) 
To Wine . 

To Cloath to the Pear (Bier) 
To Rich'd Thomas, for Trespass 
To sailing Wheels for ye Bells . 
To Ale at several Vestreys 



s. d. 

00 10 00 

00 07 00 

00 04 04 

00 08 06 

00 09 00 

00 08 00 

00 05 00 

00 01 00 

00 03 00 

00 01 06 

00 02 00 

01 10 00 
01 02 00 
00 10 00 
00 07 06 
00 05 10 



06 14 08 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 323 



Lower Division 
To Jo'n Jervice, Arrears 
To Expence at ye Correction 
To Tho. Bebb, Cleark 
To Ale at several Vestrys 
To Tho. Morgan for mossing ye Church 
To Drawing register roll and Parchm't 
To old Arrears for Drawing Register Roll and Parchm't 
To the second Correction 
To the Court 

To Joyrney to Llanworing 
To Wine 



s. d. 

00 03 09 

00 03 06 

00 09 00 

00 06 01| 

00 10 .00 

00 03 06 

00 11 04 

00 03 06 

00 06 01 

00 01 00 

00 17 00 

03 14 09i 



The following are some of the other payments that 
occur in these accounts : " For killing foxes, 5s. ; 
polecats, 25. 6d. ; an old raven, Is. (afterwards 
reduced to 8d.) ; a young raven, kd. 1 ; High Con- 
stable ; Gaol Tax ; stopping the pigeons to the 
church ; Edward Evans for keeping the dogs off on 
divine service (1778), 105. ; repairs to the Church, 
porch, and churchyard wall ; making, mending, and 
washing the surplice ; candles for the singers at Christ- 
mas ; putting up and regulating a dial ; Church Bible 
(1769), 4 10s. Od. ; Common Prayer Books; Richard 
Tibbott (the eminent Dissenting preacher), for bind- 
ing the Clerk's Common Prayer Book (1770), 15. 6d. ; 
Locks for Church doors and chest ; mending the tongue 
of the Bell ; lettering the Ten Commandments ; putting 
up the weathercock ; mending the church silver cup ; 
' salet oyl' for the bells ; digging in the churchyard to 
prevent playing ball ; two bottles of wine for the Vicar 
at Easter, 45. ; a new Marriage Register (1779), 155. ; 
Cloth for the Communion Table (1777), 3 185. 6d. ; a 
pitch pipe for the singers (1762), 55. ; several 'briefs' ; 2 
charity to distressed seamen on their way home ; tem- 

1 At a Vestry held 8th March 1780, it was resolved " that there be 
no further allowance for killing of Ravens unless they are old or full 
feather'd". 

2 For Ruthin Church (1755), 1 Is. Od. ; for William Highwood 
(1764), Is. ; for Llanynys Church (1768), 2s. Gd., etc. 



324 HISTOEY OF THE PAKISH OF LLANBRYNMA1R. 

porary maintenance of poor persons 1 ; ringing the bells 
after a trial with Llanbadarn (1771), 6s. ; two new 
windows, reading desk, and pulpit (1791); new Table 
for the School (1788); ' sighling the Cross Church' 
(1790) ; towards repairing Dovey Bridge (1766) ; War- 
rants, Orders of Removal, travelling expenses, Law 
charges ; the Vicar, 'for leavings of wine', etc." Even 
so late as 1844 the sum of 2 8s. Sd. was paid out of 
the Church Rate for " dog's meat and maintenance of 
huntsmen" employed in hunting foxes. 

The Living of Llanbrynmair formerly consisted of a 
Rectory sinecure and of a Vicarage with cure of souls, 
but both are now consolidated into one rectory. This 
and the rest of the parishes of Cyfeiliog and Mawddwy 
(forming the Deanery of Cyfeiliog) were formerly in 
the Archdeaconry of Montgomery and Diocese of St. 
Asaph. By an Order in Council, sanctioning a scheme 
of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, which came into 
force in 1861, the Deanery of Cyfeiliog or Machynlieth 
was given to Bangor in exchange for that of the Vale 
of Clwyd, which at the same time was transferred to 
the jurisdiction of St. Asaph; the patronage of the 
living, with many others in North Wales, being vested 
in the Bishop of Llandaff. Since that date this parish 
has formed part of the Archdeaconry of Merioneth and 
Diocese of Bangor. 

In the Valor of 1291 the living is called a " Chapel", 
probably to Darowen. The following are the entries 
relating to it : 

" Capella de Brynmeir tax'. Rectoria [Taxatio] 3 Os. Qd. 
[Decima] 6s. Qd. Et quia Rector alibi benefic'. Vicaria 
[Taxatio] 3 6s. Sd. non dec." 

The Valor Ecclesiasticus of Henry VIII contains 
the following items relating to this parish. The 
" Grange of Talerddig", and " the lands called Tiry- 

1 The sums paid seem now ridiculously small, e.g., " Maintenance 
of Catherine James for 2 days and 2 nights, Sixpence ! " 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 325 

myneich", which belonged to the Abbey of Strata 
Marcella, are thus valued 1 : 

Grangea vocaf Tallerddik. 

Valet. Ad firmam sic dim' Joh'ni ap Hoell Vich'n sub 
p'dict' sigillo convent' ad t'mi' aor' nondum finit' cu' ten'to voc 
Kithigill. iiijZ. ijs. 

Com' M'ion. 
Terr. voc. Tyreymoneth. 

Valet. Ad firmam sic di' Rob'to ap Res cl'ico sub p'dc'o 
sigillo convent* ad t'mi' annor' adhuc durat' Ixvjs. viijd. 

]jl. ij. vjd. 

The rectory is valued at 5 7s. 8d., from which 
deductions for lactuals and procurations, amounting to 
12 shillings and 11 pence, are allowed, leaving a clear 
value of 4 14s. 9d. The vicarage is valued at 5 ; 
deductions, 1 1 shillings and 1 1 pence ; clear annual 
value, 4 8s. Id. The following are the original par- 
ticulars 2 : 

Hector' de Llanbrynvaire. 

Val. in decimis gran' & feni coibz annis, xxxs. Lana agn' 
& lactual' xliiijs. iiijd Decimis minut', vjs. v'rijd. Oblacionibz 
ib'm coibz annis xxvjs. viijcZ. cvijs. viijc?. 

Inde in rep'is' viz. 

Lactual' ep'o, vijs. vjd. P J cur' annual', iiijs. iiijd. P'cur* 

visit' jux'a nat% xiij^. xijs. xj<^. 

Et valet clare coibz annis iiij7. xiiijs. ix d. 

Inde p' x'ma p'te d'no Regi viijs. ixd. 

Vicar' de Llanbrynvaire. 
Valet in gross' coibz annis p' scrutin' & examiac' com'iss' 

cs. 

Inde in rep'is' viz. 

Lactual' ep'o vijs. vjd. P'cur' annual', iijs. iiijd. P'cur' visit' 

jux'a rat', xiijd. xjs. xjcZ. 

Et valet clare coibz annis iiijZ. viijs. jd. 

Inde p' x'ma p'te d'no Regi debit' viijs. ixd. 

In a Book of the Valuations of all the Ecclesiasticall 
Preferments in England and Wales, printed in 1680, 
the same values are put upon the rectory and vicarage, 

1 Mont. Coll., ii, pp. 95-6. 2 Ibid., 102-3. 



326 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

viz., 4 14s. 9d. and 4 8s. Id. respectively. The 
living is now worth about 320 a year, with a house 
and several acres of land. It is worthy of remark that 
Llanbrynmair and Mallwyd are the only parishes in 
the Deanery of Cyfeiliog where no fees are given or 
offerings made to the officiating clergyman at funerals. 
The following is a list of the RECTORS. (Si-ne Cure, 
4 14s. 9d.)- 

John Griffith, collated by Warton. [Canon of St. Asaph, 1536 ; 

Vicar of Llanrwst, 1537.] . . 1537 

Geoffrey Gethin, M.A. [Canon of St. Asaph, 1548; and School 



master of Denbigh.] 
leuan ap John ap Hugh [Rector of Llanwrin], by Davies 
Evan ap Hugh, by Hughes 
J. Price, M.A. [Rector of Towyn.] 



1547 
1565 
1573 
1575 



Hugh Owen. [Vicar of Llanfihangel glyn myfyr, 1574 ; Vicar 
Choral and Rector of Llangynog, 1576 ; Vicar of Bettws 
yn Rhos, 1577; Comportioner of Llansannan, 1597.] . 1587 

Fulk Price, D.D. [Rector of Cerrig-y-drudion, 1597-1614 ; 
Prebendary of Llanfair, 1599 ; Rector of Whittington, 
1605-8 ; Rector of Llanferres, 1606-9 ; Vicar of Gresford, 
1609-13; Rector of Llandrinio, 1613; Sinecure Rector 
of Cwm, 1616 ; Rector of Llanfechain, 1617.] . . 1597 

Peter Williams, M.A. [Canon, 1581 ; Rector of Llanerfyl, 
1587; Vicar of Ysceifiog, 1590; Rector of Manafon, 
1596; Marchwiail, 1598; Prebendary of Meifod, 1598 ; 
Rector of the first portion of Llansannan, 1599 ; Vicar of 
Ruabon, 1600, by lapse to the Queen.] . . 1600 

Edward Owen, by Parry . . . .1614 

Humphrey Morgan . . . .1617 

Arthur Hodslow, M.A., by Owen. [Rector of Denbigh, 1633.] 1636 

Thomas Lloyd, M.A. [Vicar of Llannefydd, 1639 ; compor- 
tioner Rector of Llansannan, 1642; Vicar of Berriew, 
1643; Rector of Llangynyw, 1661; Vicar of Caerwys, 
1666.] " He was totally dispossessed for the space of 
three years ; after which he recovered it, and made a shift 
to keep it, but with much trouble." (Walker.) . 1644 

William Foulks, M.A., by Griffith. [S. C. Rector of Cwm, 1 660, 
which he exchanged for the Rectory of Llanbrynmair, 
and Llanfyllin in 1661; Canon of St. Asaph, 1662; 
Rector of Llanfihangel, 1680.] . . .1661 

Maurice Vaughan, by Lloyd. [He succeeded Dr. Edwards, 
Fulham, February 2nd, 1694, in his Canonry of 
Windsor.] . . , . .1690 

Richard Lloyd of Shrewsbury, by Wynne. [Rector of 

Knockm, 1727; Vicar of Kinnerley, 1754.] . .1722 



HISTORY OP THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 327 

Watkin Ward, by Tanner . . . . .1733 

Robert Gibson, by Shipley .... 1775 
William Gibson ..... 1776 
[He died in 1835, having held this Sinecure Rectory for the long 
period of 59 years. At his death it fell to the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners, who received the rectorial tithes until 1856, as hereafter 
explained.] 

VICARS. (44 discharged.) 

David ab Howell. [Canon of St. Asaph, 1535 ; Vicar of Gres- 

ford, 1537.] . . . . 1535 

William Gruffydd, collated by Bishop Warton . . 1536 

Gruffydd Day or ab David, by GoldweU . . 1556 

Gruffydd ab Morgan, by Hughes . . . 1573 

Owen Morgan, by Morgan .... 1603 
Cadwalader Owen, by Parry. [Rector of Llanvechain, 1601.] 1608 
Edward Williams, M. A. [Rector of Whittington, 1608.] . 1614 
Deprived. " He was totally out for three years, and then recover- 
ing his living, continued in it, but with much difficulty." (Walker.) 
His widow survived him many years, and lived to a very great age. 
The following entry in the Register records her burial : " Catherina 
Parry Relicta Magistri Edd'i Williams Cli'ci et hujus parochise nuper 
Vicarii sepulta fuit vicessimo nono die Januarii Anno aetatis sure 93 
Anoq. Dni 1668" [1669]. 
A j AC ] These three names are omitted by Browne 

T TT ^\^' [ Willis. Nothing is known of them. The earliest 
Edward V aughan. / T T> . j L v. j c*.\~ 

p-,1 d T [ Parish Register does not go back beyond 6th 

) April 1663. 

Andrew Savage, by Griffith . . . .1661 

The Register, however, says, "Constat esse Vicarius 1663". 

He was buried at Llanbrynmair, 25th October 1680. 
John Thomas. Omitted by Browne Willis. He was buried 

17th February 1690 . . . . 1680 

William Davies, by Lloyd. [Afterwards Rector of Llanwrin.] 1690 
Ricard Savage, by Jones. [Died June 10th, and buried June 
13th, 1709, at Llanbrynniair. Three of his children 
were also buried there. Before he came to Llanbrynmair 
he had lived at Pool, Tregynon, and Daroweu.] . 1705 

Richard Hughes, by Fleetwood . . . 1709 

Michael Jones. [Vicar of Hope, 1685.] . .1711 

William Evans, by Tanner .... 1731 
Roger Jones. [Buried at Llanbrynmair, 12th May 1739.] . 1732 
William Wynne, M.A., the eminent Welsh poet. [Rector of 
Manafon, 1747; and of Llaugynhafal, 1749-60.] Four 
of his children were born and baptised, and one buried, 
at Llanbrynmair .... 1739 

Humphrey Davies. [Afterwards Rector of Penegoes. Buried 

at Llanbrynmair, 28th January 1768.] . . 1748 



328 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LULSBRYXMA1E. 

Prod Dacwie*, by Dnmmond . . . 1769 

Aexax&ag to Brovne Willis, 1771 ; but minutes of Vestry 
kid Ud September 1769, are signed by him as 
Ykar. 

Bobert Jones, by Shipley .... 1781 
; Baker. fficar of UaBgernyv, 1779; and of LJanfiur 

1787.] . . 1783 

1787 
1791 
1799 
1813 
Lewis. [Died 9tfc Jb^nst 1&38, art boned at Lhn- 

] . . . . . 1818 




Lloyd 



r. - I- - I - : . . 

JohaDaraa. ffMBfcTniia rfTtaaHini] 

Bettor of Uanwrin,] 



Lewis, 1LA. fP. C.Capel Gannon, 1831; Sector of 

1838 

MJL" [P. a UaatTBliQ, Denbigh! 
1843.] . . . 1851 

Rector of LJanbrynmair by Order in 

of Dyfife District, April 28th . 1856 



Mr. IHilfcaBi alaii Taafkin of flan tlnam far 



Ibe Churchwardens' Accounts from 1745 to 1765 
nx'tode a payment of eighteen shillings a year to 
Thomas Bebb, parish clerk. In 1766 and subsequent 
years, down to 1773, the amount paid him was nineteen 
shillings. In 1773-4 there are payments to his widow. 

M- & 

amounting to fourteen shillings. His successor, Abra- 
ham Thomas, appears to have received fifteen shillings 
a way, which included his charges " for washing the 

. O 

nmvtifCif fenHiy bread ftr the communion, and cleaning 
and CIMJMHT rushes for the church". In 1785, and 
subsequently, nineteen shillings was paid annually, 
and this sum was afterwards increased, to a guinea. 
The clerk has no salary, but his emoluments consist of 
lees at christenings and weddings, and particularly of 
"vitn'mgf at funerals. 

DytifeD&rKt.\a 1856 the Ecclesiastical District of 
Dylife was formed, for the spiritual accommodation of 
iaeinhabiftanti of the upper portions of this and the ad- 
joining parishes of Trefeglwys, Penegoes, and Darowen, 
1,200 acres of IJanbrynmair were attached to such dis- 
trict. The new district was constituted by Order in 
Council, dated April 28th, 1856, whereby the vicarages 



HISTORY OF THE PAJtI&H OF LULSTBEY5MAIR. 

of Darowen and T1iii1njniii woe constituted ree- 
tories. The church stands within the parish of Duo- 
wen. It was endowed bj the said order with tithe 
rent-charges, then parable ID A EcdesBastical Com- 

T M. ~*7 

mJaHJoncp in reaped: of the ammane icdlut j, as follows : 
Darowen, 114 4s. 4jdL; IJanbryiunair, dl0 17*. 4d.~ 
totaLj, JE215 1*. B^d. Other tithe rent-charges were 
transferred to the Hector of Datowoi and Llanhrjn- 

mair, m hen of mmiiim nf^B*yiitfpy paid to bir the 

_ ___ Jj M. J} 

Qoeen Annes Bounty Board in augmentation of the 
livings. The amount tnuBfened to the ifduij of 
Llanbrjnmair was 99 2&. ScL, in fin of the dear sum 
of 70 augmentation. The presemt Viear of Ehrfi fe is 
the Bev. E. L. Llojd. 

SL Jem"& In 1S67 steps were taken abo to pioride 
chnrch accommodation fir the fnhaljitanh of the lower 
end of the parish, many of whom resided five or six 
miles from the parish church. An mnrfient site, about 
half an acre in extent* was presented by the bda Sir 
Watkin W. Wjnn, BariL, on a gentle manainK near 
the Wjnnstaj Arms Inn, adjoining the main road 
leading from Machjnfleth to Hewtown. The corner- 
stone of the 



was laid by Ladj Wjnn, on Thursday, September 26th, 
1867, and the building was M^Jfa*i and opened lor 
divine service on September 1 Still, 1868. It is a plain, 
yet handsome builffin^eon^pnBing a nare,ciiancelwith 
apsiclal end (which takes up nearly half the length of 
the church), and a vestry on the north fiani^ the prin- 
cipal entrance being ait the went end, underneath the 
west window. The walk are built of local ~ 



stone, with Cfefia stone window-silk and arches, 
there is a small bell-turret at the mmtetn end, wherein 
is hung a cast-steel beV, firom the foundry of MUIM.L 
Tkars and Co. of Sheffield. The internal kngth of 
the church firom east to west is 68 feet, and the width 
21 feet 6 inches, with a height! from floor to radge of 
31 feet, and it will aeeommodbte 230 persons. It 
was erected by Mr. John Harrison of Montgomery, 

VOL. XIX. 



330 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OP LLANBRYNMAIR. 

from the designs and under the superintendence of 
Mr. David Walker of Liverpool, the total cost being 
about 1,000, of which 200 was contributed by Sir 
W. W. Wynn, and the remainder was collected by the 
rector of the parish, the Eev. J. W. Kirkham. There 
is no endowment, but the officiating curate's stipend is 
paid by the rector out of voluntary subscriptions, 
supplemented by grants from the Bangor Diocesan 
Church Extension Society of 30, and from the Ad- 
ditional Curates Society of 60. The present curate 
is the Eev. J. Jenkins. 



CHAP. III. CHARITIES AND BENEFACTIONS. 

The following are extracts from the Report of the 
Charity Commissioners in 1837 : 

" Morgan Lloyd's Charity School. By an entry in the parish 
Register, it appears that Morgan Lloyd, by Will bearing date 
the 13th of November 1702, 1 gave a tenement in the parish of 
Trefeglwys, called Cefn-y-Cloddie, to the poor of the parish of 
Llanbrynmair, the rents, issues, and profits thereof to be dis- 
tributed, at the discretion of the vicar and overseers of the 
poor of the said parish of Llanbrynmair, and their successors 
or ever. This property consists of a dwelling-house and con- 
venient outbuildings, all in good repair ; a field of about four 
acres, an oak coppice of about three acres, and an allotment, 
closely and conveniently situated, containing about six acres. 
The whole is let to a yearly tenant at 7 7s. Od. per annum. 2 
The rental was formerly 8 8s. Qd., but it was reduced by the 
vicar about five or six years ago to its present amount. It 
was stated that if the allotment had been properly fenced in 
the property might have been let for 12 per annum, instead 
of which it has deteriorated in value, and damage has been 
done to the young trees to the amount of about 10. By the 
parish books it appears that the timber on the estate has been 
from time to time cut down and sold, the proceeds of which 
have been laid out on security of turnpike bonds. The parish 
officers have now a bond, dated 22nd February 1788, for 85 

1 Proved in the Consistory Court of St. Asaph, 26th November 
1703. Morgan Lloyd lived at Caelan. 

2 The gross rental in the parish books is now (1886) 10. 



HISTORY OP THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 331 

from the trustees of the first district of the Newtown Turn- 
pike Trust, carrying 5 per cent, interest. They also receive 
the same rate of interest on a further sum of 135, which was 
also lent out on bond to the trustees of the same district, but 
the security is lost. In this sum is included 30, the gift of 
Humphrey Jones, hereafter mentioned. It was recommended 
that a fresh bond should be applied for, and to include the 
amount of both the former bonds in one security. Application 
has been made to the trustees for that purpose, but they have 
at present refused to do so, in consequence of a dispute as to 
the exact amount due from them to the parish. The last sale 
of timber realised 70, and it was expended in the following 
manner : In repairs of the house and premises, 44 ; paid 
an attorney's bill of charges for effecting sale of timber, and 
various other matters connected with the charity, 9; paid 
the Commissioners' charges for allotment under the Inclosure 
Act, 7 ; balance in the hands of the vicar, 10 = 70. The 
vicar, during the time he had this balance in hand, paid 10s. 
to the schoolmaster annually for the interest; but very recently 
he has laid out 9 4s. Qd,, of it in fencing the allotment, and 
intends to apply the balance to the same purpose. 

" The following is the income of the charity : Rent of 
house and premises, 7 7.?. Qd.; interest at 5 per cent, on 
85 and 135, 11 = 18 7s. Qd. The schoolmaster receives 
the sum of 12 17s. Qd. annually from this amount, and the 
remaining 5 10s. Qd. has been carried to the parish account 
in aid of the poor-rates. No reason was assigned for this ap- 
propriation further than it had been the custom to apply it in 
a similar manner for a series of years. A school is held in a por- 
tion of the church which is boarded off 1 and set apart for that 
purpose, but no account is given of its origin. About twenty 
boys and girls are gratuitously instructed in reading, writing, 
and arithmetic, in respect of the money paid from this charity. 
The selection of the children and the control of the school have 
been left entirely to the schoolmaster, who is considered effi- 
cient and attentive to his duties. He is allowed to receive pay- 
scholars, and a considerable number pay for their instruction. 
No account is kept of the disbursements of this charity. In 
consequence of the schoolmaster's salary being of very small 
amount, it was recommended that the whole proceeds of the 
charity should be given to him, instead of carrying a portion 

1 A new school-room and master's house was built in 1856, and 
this partition was taken down on the restoration of the church in 
1860. 

z2 



332 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

to the aid of poor-rates, and that a meeting of the vestry 
should be convened for the purpose of taking this proposal 
into consideration, as well as to draw up certain rules and 
regulations for the future conduct of the school. A meeting 
was accordingly convened, and several rules drawn up, but no 
final arrangement took place, owing to the proposition having 
met with considerable opposition ; and the vicar and overseers 
have adhered to the old mode of distribution, and carried 5 
10s. Qd. to the account of the poor-rates, as before. This op- 
position appears to have been grounded on the belief that 60 
of the money invested in the Turnpike Security was the pro- 
perty of the parish. No evidence, however, was adduced in 
proof of this, nor, on the other hand, is there any account of 
sales, so as to prove the whole of the invested money (except 
Humphrey Jones's gift) to have been derived from that source. 
Still, this plea would not entitle the parish to so much as 5 
10s. Qd. out of the interest. Considerable dissatisfaction is felt 
at what is considered as blameable neglect of the interests of 
the charity in the Rev. Mr. Lewis, 1 the vicar, who is the acting 
trustee, in having suffered the allotment to remain without 
being sufficiently fenced, to the deterioration of the property, 
in his concurring in the improper diversion of some part, at 
least, of the interest of the Turnpike Security, which is believed 
to belong to Morgan Lloyd's charity, from its application 
thereto, and in his total inattention to the conduct of the 
school, which he never visits. It is much to be wished that 
these discontents could be allayed by some more satisfactory 
superintendence of the concerns of the charity." 

"Jones's Charity. Humphrey Jones of Brynaire, by Will 
dated llth December 1783, 2 gave 30 to the Rev. [Thomas] 
Baker, then vicar of the parish of Llanbrynmair, and to Mr. 
Thomas Jones of Esgair Evan, upon trust that they should in- 
vest the same at interest, and that the vicar for the time being, 
and the heirs of the said Thomas Jones, should pay the said 
interest to the schoolmaster of Morgan Lloyd's Charity for his 
use and benefit. The above legacy is invested, with Morgan 
Lloyd's Charity, in the Newtown Turnpike Trusts, and the 
interest is paid to Edward Evans, the schoolmaster." 

"Littleton Lloyd's Charity. It was stated that Littleton 
Lloyd, son and heir of Morgan Lloyd, who bequeathed the 
Cefn-y-Cloddie estate, confirmed his father's Will, and by 
Will dated 10th January 1734, gave the sum of 10, the 
interest whereof to be expended in books for the use of the 

1 The Rev. Roderick Lewis, who died the following year (1838). 

2 He died 19th December 1786, aged 78. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF J.LANBRYNMAIR. 333 

above mentioned school ; but it did not appear that the charity 
had ever been received." 

" Elizabeth Jones's Charity- Elizabeth Jones, late of South- 
gate, in the county of Middlesex, by Will dated the 3rd of 
March 1828 (proved by both her executors in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury), gave certain legacies to persons therein 
named, and after payment thereof, and her just debts and 
funeral expenses, she directed the remainder of her property to 
be divided between her brother, Thomas Jones, her sister, 
Jane Pugh, her sister, Ann Smith, Mary Williams, and her 
executors that is to say, in five parts ; which last portion she 
directed to be applied in such way as might be decided upon 
by the executors, but not for their separate or mutual benefit 
further than its application to any public charity, or to such 
purposes as might come under the same denomination. Thomas 
Jones, the nephew of the testatrix, stated that the fifth share 
of the residue of the testatrix's estate amounted to 150, 
which sum had not been applied according to her directions. 
Richard Evans, one of her executors, called about the year 
1829 on the schoolmaster, and stated the LJanhrynmair school, 
established by Morgan Lloyd, had been selected by him and 
his co-executor to enjoy the benefit of this charity, and on that 
occasion gave him 5 on account. He has since died insolvent. 
None of the assets came to the hands of the other executor." 

" J)r. Williams 's Charity School. The Rev. Dr. Daniel 
Williams, by Will dated the 26th June 1711, and proved the 
6th of November 1716, amongst other things declared that 
his trustees should choose and appoint some pious, grave person 
to teach twenty poor children to read English, and instruct 
them in the principles of the Christian religion in these follow- 
ing towns for as long time as his said trustees should think 
fit and meet, and no longer, viz., Denbigh, Flint, Carnarvon, 
Montgomery, Beaumaris, or else Conway, Merioneth, or Holt, 
and Chelmsford, paying 8 per annum to every such teacher 
as long as each of the said teachers should be approved of by 
the said trustees. The parish of Llanbrynmair has been selected 
by the trustees as the most eligible place in the county of Mont- 
gomery, and the school has been established in this parish about 
eighty years. The present master is Samuel Roberts, 1 a dis- 
senting minister in this parish, who succeeded his father about 
two years since, and was appointed by Dr. Thomas Rees of 
Sutton, who is secretary and acting trustee. The greater 
proportion of the scholars are dissenters. The salary derived 
from this charity is 25 per annum, for which the schoolmaster 

1 He died Sept. 24, 1885, at Conway, in his 86th year. 



334 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

is required to instruct thirty children ; but in consequence 
of the two charities hereafter mentioned, he instructs an un- 
limited number of children free of any expense. The school- 
master received last year the sum of 7 from the trustees of 
this charity for the purpose of apprenticing a boy educated in 
this school, which was accordingly done upon the recommen- 
dation of the schoolmaster and two respectable inhabitants of 
the parish. This donation the schoolmaster believes to be 
annual. There is also an occasional supply of Bibles, spelling- 
books, etc., sent by the trustees for the use of scholars. The 
school-house was built by voluntary subscriptions of the dis- 
senting parishioners in 1821, and is kept in repair by that 
congregation. 1 The average number of scholars is about fifty, 
and the parents of the poor are anxious that their children 
should receive the benefit of this charity." 2 

" William Brees s Charity. William Brees, of the parish of 
St. Paul, Deptford, by Will dated the 1st December 1773, gave 
to certain trustees the sum of 100 Four per cent. Consols, 
upon trust after the death of his wife, to transfer the same to 
the treasurer for the time being of the Congregational Fund, 
for the following purpose, that is to say, that the treasurer 
and managers of the Congregational Fund should pay the 
dividends to the minister for the time being of the congrega- 
tion of Protestant dissenters in the parish of Llanbrynmair, 
and to each and every of his successors as ministers of the 
said congregation for ever, upon condition that such minister 
should, at his own charge and expense, instruct ten poor 
children, born of Welsh parents, to read in the Welsh lan- 
guage four months in every year, and upon no other condition 
whatever. In 1781 this stock was reduced to three per cent., 
and the dividends are annually remitted by Mr. Joseph Watson 
of Fenchurch Street, secretary of the Congregational Fund 
Board, to the Rev. Samuel Roberts, the schoolmaster of Dr. 
Williams's school,'" 3 

" Mrs. Mary Brees's Charity. Mary Brees, widow, by Will 
dated the 17th day of September 1792, gave and bequeathed 

1 It was pulled down in the year 1849, and its site added to the 
burial-ground attached to the old Independent Chapel. A new 
school-house has since been built on another site. 

2 Some nine or ten years ago the annual payment made by Dr. 
Williams's trustees was stopped. The amount is now applied towards 
the Dolgelley Endowed School for Girls. 

3 The dividends are still remitted to the Independent minister for 
the time being (now the Rev. D. Stanley Davies), and by him handed 
over to the Committee of the British School. 



HISTORY OP THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 335 

the residue of all that she possessed at the time of her decease 
(5 excepted, which she otherwise disposed of) to the Kev. Dr. 
Abraham Rees, 1 whom she appointed sole executor of her 
Will, and to his assigns, upon trust to pay the interest of the 
principal, laid out on Government or other security, to the 
Rev. Richard Tibbot, minister of the Protestant dissenting 
congregation at Llanbrynmair, and to his successors, on con- 
dition that he and they instructed, or caused to be instructed 
to read and write, such a number of poor children as her ex- 
ecutor before named or his assigns should think proper ; and 
she thereby empowered her executor to appoint trustees for 
the management of that concern, if he should find occasion or 
wish to be discharged from the trouble thereby devolved upon 
him. The clear residue of the testatrix's estate amounted to 
the sum of 210, which her executor lent out on mortgage at 
4 per cent, to the trustees of the Jewin Street Chapel, Alders- 
gate Street. Dr. Rees died in June 1825, and one of his 
executors, IVJr. Samuel Cotton of Basinghall Street, receives 
the interest, amounting to 8 8s. Od. per annum, and remits it 
to the Rev. Samuel Roberts, the schoolmaster of Dr. Williams' s 
school. 2 It is in contemplation to pay off this mortgage, and 
a recommendation was given to Mr. Cotton to invest the 
amount when received on Government security. The total 
emoluments of the schoolmaster from this and the two pre- 
ceding charities are 36 8s. Od. per annum." 

Catherine Jones's Charity. Mrs. Catherine Jones of 
London, by her Will (proved in the Prerogative Court 
of 'Canterbury), gave and bequeathed to the vicar, 
churchwardens, and overseers of the poor of Llanbryn- 
mair, 100, to be invested, and the interest applied 
annually at Christmas among the poor, as they in their 
discretion should think fit. She also gave and be- 
queathed to the said vicar and churchwardens 50, to 
be invested, and the interest applied " in support of 
the charity school belonging to the Church of Llan- 
brynmair". These sums, less legacy duty and expenses, 
viz., 89 10s. Od. and 44 10s. Od. respectively, were 
duly received, and remained in the hands of the former 
vicar, the Rev. Thomas Lewis, who, on his promotion 
to Manafon, handed over the amount to his successor, 

1 The Encyclopaedist, a native of Llanbrynmair. 

2 The dividends are still received by the Independent minister, 
and applied by him in support of the British School. 



336 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

the present rector, the Rev. J. W. Kirkham. Mr. 
Kirkham, in 1882, invested the money with the Charity 
Commissioners, and the interest received from them is 
applied as directed by the testatrix, viz., that of 
44 105. Qd. towards the support of the National 
School, and that of 89 105. Qd. distributed among the 
poor at Christmas. 

In 1858 a scheme was drawn up, and on the 27th 
March 1858 approved of by the County Court Judge 
(the late Arthur James Johnes, Esq.), whereby the rector 
and churchwardens of the parish and their successors 
were appointed trustees of Morgan Lloyd's charity, in 
lieu of the vicar and overseers as before, and the income 
was directed to be applied towards the support of 
the National School, with an exception in favour of 
dissenters as to a moiety of the fund, to the effect that 
the children to be educated thereby should not be re- 
quired to learn the Church Catechism or attend the 
school or church on Sundays, in case the parents 
objected, and undertook that they should attend 
some place of Christian worship at least once on each 
Sunday. The total amount recovered from the Turn- 
pike Trust, in its moribund state, in 1882, was 107, 
which was invested with the Charity Commissioners. 
The income received from them is applied towards the 
support of the National School. 



CHAP. IV. NONCONFORMITY. 

THE INDEPENDENTS, OR CONGREGATIONALISTS. 

This church is very old, its origin and founder being 
a little uncertain. Walter Cradock, a Puritan minister 
who lived at Wrexham in the early part of the reign 
of Charles I, is generally supposed to have preached at 
Llanbrynmair, and to have gained some followers there. 
There was also one David Roberts, a preacher at Llan- 
dinam as early as 1634 ; but it is not known how far 
his influence reached this parish. About 1648 the 
celebrated Puritan preacher, Vavasor Powell, took up 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMA1E. 337 

his residence at Kerry, and for the next twelve years 
travelled and preached incessantly throughout most 
parts of Wales, especially Montgomeryshire, and 
founded numerous small churches, among them doubt- 
less being one at Llanbrynmair. The advent of Quaker- 
ism into Montgomeryshire caused some amount of dis- 
sension among Nonconformists, which was increased by 
Vavasor Powell joining the Baptists and undergoing 
immersion himself. His influence being very great, 
many followed his example ; and although he and some 
of his followers adhered zealously to the practice of 
mixed communion, yet the diversity of opinions on the 
subject of baptism which prevailed caused much un- 
pleasantness. The persecutions which broke out on 
the restoration of Charles II, in 1660, served, however, 
to cement the union of Nonconformists of all shades of 
opinion, and to cause them to forget their slight dif- 
ferences in labouring and suffering together for the 
great principles of religious liberty which they held so 
dear. There is not much account of the little flock at 
. Llanbrynmair during this stormy period. Vavasor 
Powell became one of the first victims of Royalist 
persecution on the restoration of Charles II. He 
was arrested in July 1660, and without the form 
of a trial was cast into the Fleet Prison in London, 
where he was detained almost the whole of his remain- 
ing life, until death released him in 1670. It is 
recorded that Henry Maurice preached at Llanbryn- 
mair in 1672, on his journey from Shrewsbury to 
Carnarvonshire. The little congregation, after moving 
from place to place, at last found a settled home for 
worship at Tymawr farmhouse, where services were held 
for the long period of sixty-four years (that is, until the 
first chapel was built), in a small " lean-to" building 
still remaining, made of a wooden frame filled in with 
lath and plaster. 1 The reading-desk, or rude pulpit of 
oak used during that period was some years ago still 

1 It is about 16 feet long by 9 feet wide, and is now used as a kind 
of lumber-room. 



338 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

preserved and shown at Tymawr. From 1660 to 1670 
the Nonconformist ministers and preachers who chiefly 
laboured in Montgomeryshire were Hugh Owen of 
Bronyclydwr, Henry Williams of Scafell, Reynold Wil- 
son of Aberhavesp, John Evans of Oswestry (father of 
Dr. John Evans of London), David Williams of Llan- 
dyssil, Richard Baxter of Tregynon (a farm servant), and 
Morris Williams of Llanfylliri (a cooper). Hugh Owen 
alone was considered the pastor of all the Montgomery- 
shire churches, including, of course, that of Llanbryn- 
mair. On the 28th of August 1672, Henry Williams 
was ordained his co-pastor, and soon afterwards Rey- 
nold Wilson of Aberhavesp was also ordained. Hugh 
Owen died in 1699, and shortly afterwards his son, 
John Owen, who had assisted him. Wilson also died 
suddenly in 1700. One Francis Turner, a Baptist, 
also took part in the ministry and pastorate about this 
time, but subsequently removed to Warrington. In 
1702 Rees Prothero was ordained, who, in 1712, re- 
moved to Cardiff He was followed in 1713 by William 
Jervis, and an arrangement was made for Baptist min- 
isters from Dolau and Pentre, in Radnorshire, visiting 
some of the Montgomeryshire churches. They were 
very regular in their visits to Llanbrynmair, but this 
seems to have created some little jealousy and ill-feeling 
between the Baptists and Mr. Jervis, which caused him to 
confine his labours to Llanfyllin and the northern parts 
of the county. Between 1701 and 1708 the following 
are incidentally referred to in the parish registers as 
Nonconformists : Edward Bebb, yeoman, Dolgadfan 
township, "Anabaptist"; Thomas Hugh, smith, "Ana- 
baptist" ; Hugh William, mason, " N.C."; Richard Peat, 
weaver, "N.C."; William Irish, pauper, "N.C."; Ben- 
jamin Tibbott, yeoman, " N.C."; and John Tibbott, 
yeoman, "N.C.", Tafolwern township; Thomas Jones, 
yeoman, of Creignant, "N.C."; and Abraham Peat, 
weaver, of Tirymynech, " N.C." The Baptist portion 
of the congregation (for at this time it was a mixed con- 
gregation of Baptists and psedo-Baptists) succeeded 
in inducing Benjamin Meredith of Llanwenarth, Mon- 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 339 



mouthshire, a Baptist, to become their pastor. His 
ministry was for a time very popular and successful, 
but doubts having arisen as to the orthodoxy of some 
of his doctrines, he left after a stay of about two years. 
In 1 732 the Kev. Edmund Jones of Pontypool, one of 
the most eminent and laborious of the Welsh Noncon- 
formists of his day, travelled to Llanbrynmair, a distance 
of over a hundred miles, to serve the church for two 
Sundays, and received five shillings and sixpence for 
his trouble and expenses a trifling fact, but which 
shows the unselfishness and devotion of the Noncon- 
formist ministers of those days. Soon afterwards the 
following document (which is in my possession) was 
drawn up and signed : 

"June ye 2nd, 1733. 

" This Day we elders, Deacons, and Members of this Church 
of Christ meeting at Llanbrynmair and other places adjacent, 
have covenanted with God and with each other to walk as near 
as we can (God assisting us so to do) according to Scripture 
Rule as a branch of the universal Church of Christ, whose 
names are underneath : 

"JOHN JAEMON, ) -c,, -, 

THOMAS OWEN, j Elders " 

SAMUEL BEEES, Deacon. 

RICHAED EVAN. 

RICHAED JONES. 

THOMAS WATK: 

BENJAMIN TIBBOTT. 

EDWAED TIBBOTT. 

DAVID RICHAED. 

EVAN WILLIAMS. 

JOHN HUMFEEYS. 

JOHN JONES. 

JOHN WILLIAMS. 

DAVID WILLIAMS. 

JOHN PEICE. 

JOHN HUMFEEYS. 

JOSEPH TAETE. 

RICHAED TIBBOTTS. 

JOHN TIBBOTT. 

RICHAED WILLIAMS. 

THOMAS JONES. 



ANN 

GEACE WILLIAMS. 
MAEGAEET WILLIAMS. 
ELIZABETH WILLIAMS. 
MAEY JOHN. 
ANN WILLIAMS. 
MAEY JONES. 
CATHEEINE PEICE. 
JANE OWEN. 
MAEY OWEN. 
CATHEEINE OWEN. 
SAEA JONES. 
MAEY TIBBOTT, Senior. 
MAEY TIBBOTT, Junior. 
ELINOE TIBBOTT. 
MAEY JONES. 
SHUSAN RICHAED. 
CATHEEINE OWEN. 
ELINOE THOMAS. 
ANN JONES. 
MAEY TAET. 
MAETHA OLIVER.'' 



1 She died thirteen days afterwards. 



340 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

The following names were subsequently added : 

" WILLIAM BEEES. HANNAH BREES. 

EZEKIEL HUGH. SARAH TIBBOTT. 

JOHN LLOYD. MARY JARMAN. 

MARY HUGH." 

The Eev. Edmund Jones continued to take great 
interest in the church at Llanbrynmair, and in 1734 
recommended to its notice a young man named Lewis 
Rees, then a student at an academy at Maesgwyn, in 
Radnorshire. He at the same time recommended Llan- 
brynmair to Mr. Rees as a very suitable field of labour. 
Mr. Rees consented to go there on condition of Mr. Jones 
accompanying him, to introduce him to the people. This 
the old minister agreed to do, and both started on their 
journey. It is said that it was dark by the time 
they reached Talerddig, that they lost their way, and 
wandered for hours in Coedyfron wood, and that it 
was two o'clock in the morning before they reached 
Tymawr, their destination. The new pastor received 
a warm welcome, and his labours were soon crowned 
with much success. Mr. Rees was ordained, after four 
years' probation, April 13, 1738. 1 Certain persons 
who were displeased with the prosperity of the cause 
did not rest until the little congregation had notice to 
quit Tymawr, where they had worshipped so long. 
Mr. Edward Hughes of Cwmcarnedd, a substantial 
freeholder, however, offered them a site for a chapel, 
and in 1739 a commodious building for worship was 
erected upon it, now generally called the Old Chapel. 
In 1743 Mr. Rees removed to Maesyronen, in Rad- 
norshire, but still continued to visit his friends at 
Llanbrynmair once a month. At the end of three 
years he returned again to his former sphere at Llan- 
brynmair, where he continued to labour with great 
zeal and acceptance until the year 1759, when he re- 
moved to Mynyddbach, near Swansea, to spend the 

1 Mr. Rees was the father of the more celebrated Dr. Abraham 
Kees, the Encyclopaedist, who was born at the old chapel house at 
Llanbrynmair. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 341 

remainder of his days. He was followed by the Rev. 
Simon Williams, who remained barely three years. It 
seems that Mr. John Tibbott, one of the members, 
assisted Mr. Rees in the ministry for some years before 
he left, and also laboured in a similar way for five years 
afterwards, when he removed to South Wales. After 
the departure of the Rev. Simon Williams the church 
gave a call to Mr. Richard Tibbott, a native of the 
parish (born at Hafodybant), who for twenty-five years 
prior to this had been labouring as a lay preacher with 
the Calvinistic Methodists. He was ordained in No- 
vember 1762, and served the church with remarkable 
success up .to the time of his death in 1798. The in- 
firmities of age having for some time overtaken Mr. 
Tibbott, Mr. John Roberts, then a student at the 
Dissenting Academy at Oswestry, was invited to be- 
come his assistant pastor, and he was ordained as such 
August 25th, 1796. Upon Mr. Tibbott's death, the 
entire charge of the church fell upon Mr. Roberts, who 
also kept a day school. In 1827 his son, Mr. Samuel 
Roberts, then a student at Newtowri, accepted a call 
to be co-pastor with his father, and was ordained 
August 15th, 1827. The Rev. John Roberts, whose 
ministry had been very successful, died July 21, 1834. 
For a little more than a year afterwards the Rev. 
Samuel Roberts had the sole charge of the church, but 
on the 8th October 1835, his brother, the Rev. John 
Roberts, was ordained to be his co-pastor. From this 
time until 1847 (with the exception of about a year's 
interval in 1838-9, spent by the younger brother, John, 
at St. George's, near Conway) the two brothers worked 
together. In 1847 John removed to Ruthin, and in 
1857 Samuel emigrated to America. He was induced 
to take this step partly by the consideration that so 
many of his old friends and neighbours from Llanbryn- 
mair had gone before him, and dwelt in various parts 
of the United States. 1 For three years after Mr. 

1 For a fuller account of the lives and labours of these faithful 
servants of Jesus Christ Rees, Tibbott, and the three Robertses 
see the chapter of " Biography", post. 



342 HISTORY OP THE PARISH OP LLANBRYNMAIR. 

.Roberta's departure the church had no settled pastor, 
but in 1860 the Rev. David Rowlands, B.A., of Brecon 
College, accepted a call, and on the 6th June 1860 was 
ordained pastor. He left in 1866, and the following 
year was succeeded by the Rev. Owen Evans, who re- 
mained until 1882. After nearly two years' interval 
the Rev. D. Stanley Davies, the present minister, suc- 
ceeded him in the early part of 1884. 

The old chapel has been altered and enlarged several 
times, and about the year 1843 a burial-ground was 
added to it. Several branches of the parent church 
were also established during the time of the Roberts's 
in distant parts of the parish, and school-rooms built 
for occasional preaching services, Sabbath schools, and 
other religious services. These have admirably an- 
swered the purposes for which they were built. There 
are six of them, viz. : 

1. Yr Aber. About 1810 a Sunday school was com- 
menced in the barn floor of Tynygors farm-house, which 
was so successful that it soon became necessary to erect 
a school-room. The present building, which will seat 
about 198 persons, was accordingly built in 1812. 

2. Talerddig. About the same time as at Aber a 
Sunday school was started at Talerddig, where the 
mill floor was allowed to be used for the purpose. This 
became too small very soon, and the school was removed 
to Talerddig farm-house, where it continued to increase. 
When the house became too small to hold the classes, 
the people used to assemble there for the introductory 
or devotional part of the service, and then some of the 
classes went to neighbouring houses, and before the 
close of the school all met again at the farm-house for 
singing and prayer. In 1812 the present school-room, 
which will accommodate 247 persons, was built. 

3. Tafolwern. The Sunday school at this hamlet 
was at first held in three cottages, and occasionally, 
when the weather permitted, in the open air, under the 
shelter of a large tree. Eventually a site for a school- 
room was obtained from Sir W. W. Wynn, and in 1810 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 343 

the present commodious building was erected. It will 
accommodate 234 persons. 

4. Pandy. A Sunday school was started at Pandy 
Rhiwsaeson about the same time as at Tafolwern, and, 
like it, was for some time held in several dwelling-houses. 
The school-room was built about the end of the year 
1808, and will accommodate 198 persons. 

5. Cwm. A Sunday school was started in Cwm 
Clegyrnant, at a farm-house called Hendrefach, about 
the year 1815. Thence it was removed to Rhydymeirch, 
where it continued to be held until 1818, when the 
present school-room, which will hold 144 persons, was 
built. 

6. Bont. Church meetings and occasional services 
were held here at the house of Edward Edwards, a 
blacksmith, for seventeen years before a school-room 
or chapel was built. This was done in 1843, providing 
accommodation for 222 persons. 

These branch churches have proved valuable and im- 
portant feeders to the parent church at the Old Chapel, 
which at present numbers over 400 members or com- 
municants. 

The late Mr. Griffith Francis of London (formerly of 
Brynaere), by his Will gave the sum of 15 per annum 
towards the support of the ministry at the Old Chapel, 
and a further sum of 5 per annum to be divided 
among five of the above-mentioned branch churches 
1 for each, to be given away in books to children for 
faithfulness in attending the Sunday School and in 
learning. 

A register has been kept by the Independent mini- 
sters of Baptisms from Dec. 17, 1762, to Dec. 21, 1876 ; 
of Marriages from March 1838 to Sept. 1848 ; and of 
Burials from June 1843 to Dec. 1848. 

A small theological library for the use of the minister 
was formed about 130 years ago, and is handed down 
by each minister to his successor. It now consists of 
seven volumes only, presented by the Rev. Mr. Orton 
and others. 



344 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLAUBRYNMAIR. 



CALVDflSTIC METHODISTS. 

In the year 1739 the celebrated Ho well Harries of 
Trevecca, one of the founders of Calvinistic Methodism, 
at the urgent entreaty of the Rev. Lewis Rees, visited 
North Wales, and went as far as Bala, passing 
through Llanidloes, Llandinam, Llanbrynmair, and 
Dinas Mawddwy on his way. It seems, however, that 
he did not preach at Llanbrynmair on this occasion. 
The following is an extract from one of his letters: 

"Llanbrynmair, Feb. 9, 1739. 

" Thus far the Lord has stood by me, and given me evident 
success more and more. Satan appears to be like one bound. I 
expected to be bound daily, yet I have met with no opposition. 
I believe my coming here is of God. There is a great work to 
be done in this place. I have given np the intention of going 
into Pembrokeshire, believing that the Lord has work for me 
here. Yesterday I met with Mr. Lewis Rees, and I have not 
yet had in all my travels such power as I had last night in 
speaking to a thousand persons in the parish of Llan [pro- 
bably Llandinam]. The power of God was there in a wonderful 
manner you might have heard hearts breaking to pieces 
such groans, tears, and crying, 1 have not often heard the like of 
them. Many hearts were opened, I trust, to Jesus Christ. I 
was carried, as it were, beyond myself. Praise God for me." 

Harries passed through Llanbrynmair again on his 
return in about a week's time, and then preached 
near the old Cock Inn, which stood where the Wynn- 
stay Arms now stands. Attempts were made to pre- 
vent his preaching, but, through the intervention of 
Mr. Griffiths of Ooedcae, he was allowed to speak 
unmolested. Among those who listened to this, his 

o * 

first sermon at Llanbrynmair, and were turned unto 
God by its instrumentality, were William Howell of 
Melin y Pennant, Edward Howell of Caemadog, Richard 
Howefl of Penydeintir (three brothers), and Richard 
Humphreys of Foel, afterwards of GellidywylL 1 These, 
and a few others like-minded, at once formed them- 

1 JIftkrjdittiaetk Cjmr, vol. i, p. 98. 



HISTORY OP THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 345 

selves into a small society on the Methodist plan, 
which has existed up to the present time. They met 
for worship at each other's houses ; at first chiefly at 
Richard HowelTs, who, for allowing such meetings to 
be held in his house, was turned out of Pendeintir, and 
removed to Cwmyrhin. Harries is said to have visited 
Llanbrynmair several times after 1739, and to have 
preached at Belan Pennant, Pantyglo, and other places. 
For nearly twenty-eight years the small fraternity 
continued to hold all their meetings in private dwelling- 
houses, and it was not until 1767 that the first chapel 
was built at the hamlet of Bont, on its present site, 
being part of Dolgadfan farm. 

The little society having met with many obstacles, 
difficulties, and discouragements, Richard Howell, at 
the time the chapel was built, planted in the hedge a 
sprig of holly, saying as he did so that he would accept 
the manner of its growth as a sign from the Lord whether 
the cause would prosper or not. Curiously enough, that 
bit of holly rapidly grew into a poplar-like tree, 45 feet 
high, which still remains in a flourishing condition 
a fit emblem of the prosperity which has attended 
Methodism in this parish. The most eminent of the 
early Methodist clergy Rowlands of Uangeitho, Wil- 
liams of Pantycelyn ("the sweet singer of Wales"), 
Jones of Llangau, Peter Williams, and others fre- 
quently preached at Llanbrynmair on their way to or 
return from the northern parts of the Principality. 
In 1745 Williams of Pantycelyn had been appointed 
Moderator, and Richard Tibbot of Llanbrynmair Over- 
seer of the Methodist Societies in Eadnor and Mont- 
gomery. Both devoted themselves to the work with ex- 
traordinary energy. For fifty years Williams travelled 
3,000 miles every year, often visiting Llanbrynmair. 
The new converts, whose religious fervour and devotion 
were most intense, trooped from all parts of Wales to 
Llangeitho, in Cardiganshire, where often as many as 
3,000 met, to listen to the apostolic Rowlands, and re- 

VOL. XIX. A A 



346 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

ceive the Lord's Supper from his hands. 1 Many of 
these passed through Llanbrynrnair, and later, many 
from South Wales passed through on their way to Bala, 
to enjoy the ministry of that eminent servant of theLord, 
the Ilev. Thomas Charles. At that time Richard Wood 
and his wife Margaret, both very pious persons, and 
devoted Methodists, lived at Bronderwgoed farm, and 
their house was always open to their co-religionists. 
Williams of Pantycelyn wrote an elegy upon the death 
of Mrs. Wood (which occurred in May 1781), and of 
their son, Abraham Wood, a very talented and pious 
young man, who had been studying for the ministry in 
Lady Huntingdon's College, and is said to have been 
a special favourite of her ladyship, but who died, aged 
31, in August 1779. Alluding to Mr. and Mrs. Wood's 
hospitality to Methodist wayfarers, the poet says : 

" Pan bai'n myned o'r Deheudir 

Finteioedd tua'r Bala draw, 
Fe lettyai Margaret werin 

Heh na phrinder fyth na braw ; 
Bwrdd yn llawn o groeso helaeth, 

'Nod i'r gwaelaf isaf ddyn ; 
Gwnaeth y nefoedd wreiddiau' chalon 

Friw wrth bobl Dduw yn nglyn." 

And of Abraham Wood he says : 

" Prin y gwelwyd dyn fwy gonest 

Dyn fwy syml is y rhod, 
Gwell ei gof, llarieiddiach natur 

Nernawr iawn nid oedd yn bod. 
Chwiliwch allan bwyll, amynedd, 

A diwydrwydd, ysbryd gwiw ; 
Abram oedd yn bercben arnynt, 

Gymaint un a neb yn fyw." 2 

1 One Peter Jones of Caerwys, Flintshire, walked from that place 
to Llangeitho eleven times, a distance going and returning of 210 
miles each time, and on one occasion was nearly drowned in crossing 
the Wye, near Llangurig. 

2 Gweithiau Williams, Pantycelyn, p. 705. Williams also composed 
an elegy on the death of Mary Howell, the wife of Richard Howell, 
Penydeintir, but which is not to be found among his collected works. 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMA1R. 347 

The Methodists and Independents in Llanbrynmair 
have always been on the very best terms, and have 
worked together harmoniously. The early Indepen- 
dent ministers, the Revs. Lewis Rees, Richard Tibbot 
(who had been a Methodist preacher for twenty-five 
years), and John Roberts, frequently officiated with 
the Methodists, and assisted them in many other ways. 
In 1787 Mr. Evan Roberts (the Rev. John Roberts's 
father), who had previously resided at Bronllan 
(Mochdre), and Gwynfynydd (Llanwnog), came to 
live at Dolgadfan Mill, and was a great supporter of 
the Methodists, although himself an Independent. 
He attended their societies, entertained their minis- 
ters, and acted as a deacon among them, although he 
generally took the Sacrament at the Old Chapel with 
the Independents. This good man died in 1814, aged 
eighty-five years. 

In 1795 a Sunday school was established at Bont, it 
having been carried on for some time previously in the 
barn-floor at Dolgadfan, then occupied by Mr. Abraham 
Wood. This school was one of the earliest established 
in Wales. A branch Sunday school was established at 
Pennant in 1796. It was held at first in a threshing- 
floor, and subsequently in a factory. Another branch 
was opened at Crygnant in 1811, and another at Wern 
in 1812. 

In 1813 the school-room at Wern was built. The 
chapel at Bont was enlarged in 1820, and subsequently, 
in 1 861, reseated, ceiled, and improved. Pennant Chapel 
was first, built in 1821, and rebuilt in 1879. It will 
thus be seen tha.t the Methodists have confined their 
labours mostly to the southern half of the parish, 
leaving to the Independents the lower or northern 
portion of it. 

Until very recently, the churches at Bont and Pen- 
nant had no settled pastor, but since 1873 the Rev. 
Isaac Williams, who had resided here previously for 
thirty years, has been recognised as such. The mem- 

A A 2 



348 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 

bers were many more in number thirty-eight years ago, 
when the flannel manufacture and mining industries 
were at the height of their prosperity, than they are 
now the population having much decreased since that 
time. At Bont there are 115 members, and an average 
congregation of 163 ; and at Pennant 62 members, and 
a congregation of 130. 

THE BAPTISTS. 

After the Baptists had separated from the Indepen- 
dents at the Old Chapel, we have no account for some 
time of their holding meetings of their own for religious 
worship. After some years a few of them appear to 
have been in the habit of meeting at a room belonging 
to the Cock Inn (now the Wynnstay Arms), and sub- 
sequently at Glanrhyd. The Revs. Samuel Breese and 
John James of Aberystwith preached at one of these 
places, and at Pentrelludw in 1809. The famous Bap- 
tist minister, Christmas Evans, also on several occasions, 
and the Rev. Joseph Harries (editor of Seren Gomer), 
once at least, preached at Bryncoch, where Mr. Thomas 
Hughes, a Baptist, then lived. The house and build- 
ings were pulled down some years ago. In 1834, and 
for some time afterwards, services were held, more or less 
regularly, at the house of Richard Brees, Bont, known 
by the name of Hen Dafarn. The only member was 
one Robert Peat; but in 1835 Richard Goodwin and 
Richard Brees were both baptised, and services were 
more regularly held at a small meeting-house, now a 
cottage, called Capel Bach, at Bont. Several others 
were baptised about this time, and one James Bynner 
of Bethel, near Llanfyllin, about the beginning of 
1836, came to reside at Bont, and to assist in holding 
services. He kept a shop at Capel Bach, and the 
meetings were then held in an upper room called 
Bragdy, and subsequently in various private houses. 
The Baptists have no chapel in Llanbrynmair. The 
number of members is eight, who have only an occa- 



HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 349 

sional service, but who, as often as practicable, attend 
the Baptist Chapel at Talywern, in the parish of Daro- 
wen. 



THE QUAKERS. 

It is evident, from the Parish Eegisters and otherwise, 
that, about the close of the seventeenth and beginning 
of the eighteenth centuries, Quakerism had some, pos- 
sibly a good many, adherents in this parish, particu- 
larly in the upper or southern portion of it. The owner 
and occupier of Esgairgoch, a farm in Trefeglwys, about 
a mile from the boundary of Llanbrynmair,was a Quaker, 
at whose house his co-religionists met for worship. 
Subsequently he built for them a small meetirig-house 
close to his own house, which still remains. He also 
set apart a small piece of ground a little way off for a 
burial-place. This is a little enclosure, still known as 
the "Quaker Garden", on the hill-side near the hamlet 
of Stay-little. Edward Bebb, of the parish of Llan- 
gurig, but probably a native of this parish, a Quaker, 
was buried at the parish church of Llanbrynmair, 
April 23rd, 1740. About this date, or soon after- 
wards, Quakerism seems to have become quite ex- 
tinct in this parish, though it lingered on for some 
time later in Trefeglwys, Llangurig, and Llanidloes. 
Quaker meetings were held at Llanidloes down to 
the year 1850, when Mr. Richard Brown the last 
of the Llanidloes (and probably of the Montgomery- 
shire) Quakers, died. 1 He, his wife, and an old lady 
who lived with them, were buried at the Esgairgoch 
burial-place. John Goodwin of Esgairgoch, " near" 
Llanbrynmair, was buried at Llwyndu, near Llwyn- 
gwril, Merionethshire, on the seventh day of the 
twelfth month, 1763, having died in the 82nd year of 
his age, and having been a faithful minister amongst 
the Friends for the period of fifty-five years. 2 

1 "Parochial Account of Llanidloes", Mont. Coll., ix, pp. 264-5. 
Byegones, 1882, p. 5. 



350 HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF LLANBRYNMAIR. 



THE WESLEYAN METHODISTS. 

Wesleyan Methodism has never taken a deep and 
general hold of the Welsh nation. Llanbrynmair is no 
exception to this rule. It is doubtful when the Wes- 
leyans first held services in this parish. Some say they 
had occasional preaching at Dolgadfan as early as 1810, 
Others say that the first services were held at Cringoeo 
by John Tibbott (who lived there) and Edward Davies, 
Pentrecelyn. For many years the few who were 
attached to Wesleyan Methodism assembled in a room 
at Glanrhyd, whence, about twenty years ago, they 
removed to a very small wooden building, fitted up as 
a chapel, near the post-office. In 1872 the neat little 
chapel called " Soar" was erected close to the railway, 
and on the side of the road leading to Rhiwsaeson. 
It is within the Machynlleth circuit, and will accom- 
modate about eighty persons. The number of mem- 
bers is about a dozen, and the hearers average about 
eighteen or twenty. 




MONT. COLL. Vol. six. To be mounted between pp. 250 and 251. 



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351 



HALF-TIMBERED HOUSES OF 
MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

BY T. E. PRYCE. 1 



VII. LLANDINAM HALL. 

ABOUT a mile and a half from Maesmawr Hall, and 
midway between that house and the village from which 
the subject of the present sketch derives its name, is 
Llandinam Hall. 

Built in the later half of the seventeenth century, the 
description given by Lord Herbert of Chirbury to Black 
Hall "a long, low house" will apply ^ equally well 
here ; indeed, its lowness is its chief characteristic, con- 
trasting in this with all other houses of its class in the 
district. The highroad passes within a short distance, 
and the railway taking the same line, has not improved 
it as a residence. A short carriage-drive off the road 
leads to the house, the main front of which, shown in 
the illustration, is all that is left of the original edifice. 
It consists of one long building, about 55 feet long by 
19 feet wide, gabled at each end, with a porch in the 
centre, the full height of the building, 7 feet wide, and 
projecting 8 feet. 

Erected on the usual foundation of rough stone- 
work, raising the oak sill just clear of the surface of the 
ground, from thence upwards it is constructed entirely 
of oak framing, two stories in height, and the upper one, 
slightly projecting over the porch, is carried on the 
rounded ends of the floor-joists. The lower story and 
the porch are framed with upright quarterings about 
9 ins. apart, and not of such a superabundant stoutness 
1 Continued from page 128. 



252 HALF-TIMBERED HOUSES 

as in most other houses of that period ; the upper story 
is framed in squares about 3 feet by 2 feet, filled in 
with quartering worked diagonally across the squares. 
The tie-beam at the foot of the porch gable is slightly 
molded on the lower edge, and inscribed on the face 

I.R . E . 1700 . E E . C. 

The gable ends of the main building have been 
bricked up. One is weather slated, and the whole, with 
the newer brick buildings in the rear, is painted to 
imitate the old framed work in the front. 

In the interior little of interest remains to describe. 
For nearly two hundred years the residence of a family, 
of which the first to settle in Powys-land perhaps 
built it, Llandinam Hall, until a few years ago a 
complete house of its type, still sheltered his descend- 
ants ; but the old order changing, the old house 
changed too, and on a site nearer the village, Plas 
Dinam, the work of a man entirely in sympathy with 
the housebuilding craftsmanship of that by-gone age, 
now exhibits a fair and stately example of a mansion 
of the present century ; the carving and panelling of the 
old hall, the "spolia opima" of the contest between the 
Present and the Past, stripped from its walls, now add 
to the magnificence of the new Place, whose ancient 
and humbled predecessor, devoted to meaner purposes, 
has taken its first steps on the down-hill of its exist- 
ence. 

I am indebted to Mr. Williams for the substance of 
the following notes relating to the ownership of this 
property. 

The Reads, a Caermarthen shire family settled at 
Coch Castle, migrated to Montgomeryshire about the 
middle of the seventeenth century, and acquired the 
Llandinam estates, or, at all events, part of them, by 
purchase from Edward Lord Herbert of Chirbury, in 
1675. Deeds relating to a transfer of land of this date 
are now in the Powys-land Museum. 1 The initials 
" i. R" over the porch are probably those of John Read, 
1 Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 35. 



OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 353 

the purchaser, and the date, 1 700, that of alteration, and 
not the date of the completion of the house. Sash 
windows, at that time become the common medium for 
the admission of light and air, were substituted for 
the older form of casements. 

John Head was High Sheriff of the county in 1696. 
On 23rd October, 25 Charles II, he was appointed 
by Thomas Browne Deputy Muster Master of Mont- 
gomeryshire. On 15th April 1673, Edward Lord 
Herbert of Chirbury granted him the Recordership of 
Chirbury, and appointed him Clerk of the Peace for 
Montgomeryshire ; and in 1678, Henry Lord Herbert of 
Chirbury granted him the Recordership of Chirbury. 1 

The direct descendants of John Read held the office 
of High Sheriff of Montgomeryshire at the following 
dates 

1750. BagotRead. 

1805. Bagot Read, then described of Maesmawr. 
1847. John Offley Crewe Read of Llandinam Hall. 
1870. Offley Malcolm Crewe Read, Capt. R.K 

The son of the latter John Offley Crewe Read re- 
ceived his commission as Lieutenant in the Royal 
Montgomeryshire Regiment of Militia on 4th Decem- 
ber 1869, and was ultimately promoted to the com- 
mand of the regiment as Lieutenant-Colonel on 25th 
April 1882. 

The estate remained in the direct descendants of 
John Read until 1816, when Bagot Read, the Sheriff 
of 1805, died, having by his will, dated llth January 
1810 (wherein he is described of the city of Chester), 
devised Llandinam Hall and the estate to the son of 
his sister, Ann Read, by her husband, Rev. Randall 
Crewe, LL.D., the Rev. Offley Crewe, Rector of Muxton, 
Staffordshire, for life, and after his decease to his (tes- 
tator's) brother, Rev. Randolph Crewe, for life, and 
after his decease to the former's only son, John Offley 
Crewe. 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. iv, p. 35. 



354 HALF-TIMBERED HOUSES OF MONTGOMERYSHIRE. 

The Rev. Offley Crewe died in 1836, and his only 
son, John Offley Crewe, succeeding to the estates, as- 
sumed, by royal licence, 1 the surname and arms of Read, 
in addition to his own. He died in 1858, and on the 
death of his eldest son, Bagot Offley Crewe-Read, the 
property passed to his second son, the late Captain 
Offley Malcolm Crewe-Read, E.N., who died on the 
2nd January 1882, and was succeeded by his son, 
Lieutenant-Colonel John Offley Crewe-Read. 

The Crewe family traces its descent 2 from Thomas 
de Crewe (temp. Henry III). Two members of this 
family, Sir Randolph Crewe and Sir Thomas Crewe, 
held the office of Speaker in the House of Commons in 
the reign of James I. 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. xii, p. 43. 

2 An elaborate pedigree of " Crewe of Crewe", from Henry de 
Crewe to Sir Ranulph Crewe, from an illuminated pedigree roll by 
Dugdale, in the possession of Lord Crewe ; and from that period to 
the end of the male line, from Sir John Crewe of Utkinton's entries 
in his prayer-book, copied in Cole's Collections, Brit. Mus., and com- 
pared with monuments and entries, Coll. Arm, the residue, from 
Reg. Coll. Arm., 3 D 14, continued from the information of Lord 
Crewe (Ormerod), as well as ample details of the " Crewe" and 
" Offley" families, is given in the History of the Parish of " Earth- 
omley" (co. Chester), Longman and Co., 1856, p. 371, by Rev. 
Edward Hinchcliffe, the grandson of John HinchclifFe, D.D., Bishop 
of Peterborough, who married Elizabeth, the daughter of John Crewe 
of Crewe, the brother of Rev. Randall Crewe, LL.D., who married 
Ann Read. 



355 



HERALDIC JURISDICTION IN WALES. 1 



[CORRECTION.] 

IN this article allusion is made to " Snowdon" Herald, 
who is mentioned in Rymer's Fcedera, and who, we 
inferred from the name, must have been connected 
with Wales. 

We have received the following communication from 
Colonel Hey ward, a member of the Powys-land Club, 
showing that we had drawn a mistaken inference, and 
that " Snowdoun" was the official title of a Scotch 
Herald, and that considerable interest is attached to 
the name, inasmuch as it was derived from Stirling 
Castle, anciently called " Snowdoun", but also, and 
principally, because Sir Walter Scott, in his poem of 
The Lady of the Lake, veiled his hero, Fitz-James, 
under this epithet, until it was disclosed that " Snow- 
doun's knight" was " Scotland's king". 

We print the communication, with extracts from the 
poems which allude to the name. 

" Crosswood, 

" February 25th, 1886. 
" DEAR SIR, 

" Happening this evening to open the Montgomeryshire 
Collections, vol. xviii, at p. 319, in the article " Heraldic Juris- 
diction in Wales", I came upon an error in the following 
paragraph, which you may be glad to correct : 

" ' But there is notice of another Herald, whose jurisdiction 
was probably Welsh. It appears, by Rymer's Fcedera, that in 
the reign of Henry VII the princes of Europe frequently sent 
heralds in their embassies. Among the commissioners for 
negotiating the marriage between James III, King of Scot- 

1 See vol. xviii, p. 319. 



356 HERALDIC JURISDICTION IN WALES. 

land, and Elizabeth, the Queen Dowager of Edward IV of 
England, settled at Edinburgh August 20th, 1487, Snowdon 
and Carlisle Heralds are mentioned on behalf of their respec- 
tive sovereigns. This is the only mention we find of the 
Herald " Snowdon", who, however, from the name, it is in- 
ferred, must have been connected with Wales.' 

" From the subjoined extracts from The Lady of the Lake 
and note of Sir Walter Scott, it will be found that ' Snow- 
doun' was the title, not of a Welsh, but of a Scotch Herald. 

" I am, dear Sir, 

" Yours faithfully, 

" J. H. HEYWARD." 



" Canto VI, Stanza 25 (The Poetical Works of Sir Walter 
Scott, Bart., The Lady of the Lake, edit. 1830, vol. v, p. 93) : 

' The heart-sick lay was hardly said, 
The list'ner had not turn'd her head, 
It trickled still, the starting tear, 
When light a footstep struck her ear, 
And Snowdoun' s graceful Knight was near.' 

" Canto VI, Stanza 26 (ibid., p. 94) : 

' On many a splendid garb she gazed, 
Then turn'd, bewilder'd and amazed, 
For all stood bare ; and in the room, 
Fitz-James alone wore cap and plume. 
To him each lady's look was lent, 
On him each courtier's eye was bent, 
'Midst furs, and silks, and jewels' sheen, 
He stood, in simple Lincoln green, 
The centre of the glittering ring 
And Snowdoun' s knight is Scotland's king.' 

" Canto VI, Stanza 28 (ibid., p. 98) : 

' 'Tis under name which veils my power 
Nor falsely veils for Stirling's Tower 
Of yore the name of Snowdoun claims, 
And Normans call me James Fitz-James.' 

" Sir Walter Scott's note vi (ibid., p. 138) : 

' Stirling's Tower 

Of yore the name of Snowdoun claims? 

" ' William of Worcester, who wrote about the middle of the 
fifteenth century, calls Stirling Castle, Snowdoun. Sir David 



HERALDIC JURISDICTION IN WALES. 357 

Lindsay bestows the same epithet upon it in his Complaint of 
the Papingo : 

* Adieu, fair Snawdoun, with thy towers high, 

Thy chapel-royal, park, and table round ; 

May, June, and July would I dwell in thee, 

Were I a man, to hear the birdis sound, 

Whilk doth againe thy royal rock rebound.' 

" ' Mr. Chalmers, in his late excellent edition of Sir David 
Lindsay's works, has refuted the chimerical derivation of 
Snawdoun from snedding, a cutting. It was probably derived 
from the romantic legend which connected Stirling with 
King Arthur, to which the mention of the Round Table gives 
countenance. The ring within which joists were formerly 
practised in the Castle park is still called the Eound Table. 
Snawdoun is the official title of one of the Scottish Heralds, 
whose epithets seem in all countries to have been fastastically 
adopted from ancient history or romance/ 

" It appears from the preceding note that the real name by 
which James was actually distinguished in his private excur- 
sions was the Goodman of Ballenguich, derived from a steep 
pass leading up to the Castle of Stirling, so called. But the 
epithet would not have suited poetry, and would, besides, at 
once, and prematurely, have announced the plot to many of my 
countrymen, among whom the traditional stories above men- 
tioned are still current." 



358 



INSTANCES OF LONGEVITY AND SAGACITY 
IN MONTGOMERYSHIRE HORSES. 



INSTANCE OP LONGEVITY. Mr. Gr. D. Harrison, a member of 
the Powys-land Club, wrote a letter to a local newspaper in 
the following 1 terms : 

" SIR, I have just met an old gentleman riding into this town 
with whom I have been acquainted for a considerable period. His 
hale appearance and erect bearing induced me, in the course of con- 
versation, to inquire his age, and I was informed that the age of 
horse and rider together was 126 ! the rider being 94 and his 
steed 32, the latter having been purchased by his present owner as 
a three-year old, twenty-nine years ago, and ridden regularly for that 
period. 

"The gentleman resides some half-dozen miles from this town, 
and thinks nothing of riding in and out for the purpose of transact- 
ing his business, which he is in every way fully competent to con- 
duct unaided. I may add that both horse and rider have every 
appearance of being able to continue their visits for some years to 
come. " I am, etc., 

" Welshpool, 25th Sept. 1885. " GEO. D. HARRISON." 

The horse, we understand, has since died, but the old gen- 
tleman, Mr. David Davies of Moydog, still flourishes (August 
1886). The life of horses extends naturally from twenty-five 
to thirty years. Cases have occurred of individuals attaining 
the age of more than forty years. (Naturalists 9 Library, vol. xii, 
" Horses", p. 200.) 

INSTANCE OF SAGACITY. Some years ago Mr. Field Evans 
of Henfaes, near Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, had a favourite 
horse and mare, that grazed in a field adjoining the Severn. 
One day the mare made her appearance in front of the house, 
and by clattering with her feet, and other noises, attracted 
attention. Observing this, a person went out, and she imme- 
diately galloped off. Mr. Evans desired that she should be 
followed ; and all the gates from the house to the field were 
found to have been forced open. On reaching the field the 
mare was discovered looking into the river over the spot 
where the horse was struggling in the water, vainly endea- 
vouring to effect a landing. (British Workman, No. 375, 
March 1886.) 



359 



" COLONEL EDWARD JONES'S REGIMENT." 



IN a " List of Her Majesty's Forces, Aprill 2nd, 1712" 
communicated to the Gentleman's Magazine (1865) by 
the late Rev. James Graves, M.A., from a MS. in the 
Evidence Chamber, Kilkenny Castle, appears 

" Colonel Edward Jones's " regiment, which was " raised in 
1708 "; and, at the date of the return, was "serving in Portu- 
gal^ 

In Wotton's Baronetage, vol. i, p. 377, edition 
A.D. 1741, sub voce "CHESTER of CHICHLEY", the third 
son of Sir John Chester, Bart., was thus described : 

" Thomas, born 31 March 1689, waited on (sic) the Earl of 
Pembroke into Ireland, when Lord Lieutenant of that kingdom 
[1707-1709], under whose protection and patronage he became 
lieutenant-colonel to the regiment of Colonel Jones, and 
was unhappily cast away near the coast of Ireland, going for 
Spain." 

The " Colonel Edward Jones" above alluded to was 
the fifth son of Edward Jones of Llwyn Ririd, who was 
Bishop of St. Asaph, 1692-1 703. He became a brigadier- 
general in the Army, and was M.P. for co. Wexford. 
He married Mary, only surviving child of Richard 
Neville, Esq., of Furness, co. Kildare (only son of 
Edward Neville, son and heir of Hon. Francis Neville, 
who was second son of Edward Neville, fifth Lord 
Abergavenny), and by her had a son, Arthur Jones, 
who by royal licence assumed the name and arms of 
Neville, and was of Furness, co. Kildare. 1 

There is every reason to believe that " Col. Edward 
Jones's Regiment" was raised in Montgomeryshire. 

If that be the case, it will be an interesting subject 

1 Mont. Coll., vol. xii, p. 247. 



360 "COLONEL EDWAKD JONES'S REGIMENT." 

for inquiry, what existing regiment (if any) now repre- 
sents it ; and further, whether the names of the officers, 
the strength of the regiment, its services in Portugal, 
etc., could be recovered ? 

Some inquiries have been already made, which tend 
to identify the regiment with the 41st, "the Welsh 
Regiment." 

The secretary of the Royal Artillery Institution, 
Woolwich, in reply to an inquiry, states : 

" The 39th Regiment (at present 1st Battalion Dorsetshire 
Regiment) was raised in 1702. The 42nd, ' Black Watch', was 
raised in 1729. 

" The ' Historical Records' of the intervening regiments 
the 40th and 41st are wanting in our collections, and are out 
of print. Unless, however, Col. Edward Jones's Regiment was 
amongst the many afterwards disbanded, it must have been 
either the 40th or 41st. As the 41st is the f Welsh Regiment', 
this is probably the regiment in question." 

Another military authority takes the same view, and 
mentions that " the 1st Battalion of the Welsh Regi- 
ment corresponds to the 41st Regiment at present". 

On the other hand, an equally high military authority 
gives a list of the regiments added to the Army after 
the peace of Utrecht : 

" The 39th Foot, Richard Coote's, was raised in 1702. 
"The 40th Foot, Richard Phillip's, was raised in 1717." 

From this he infers that Colonel Jones's regiment has 
no representative at present, and that it must have 
been disbanded. 

There is a curious book in the library of Sir John 
Maclean, entitled The Succession of Colonels of all His 
Majesty's Land Forces. It is not printed, but all en- 
graved on copper, and published in 1742. On turning 
to the 41st Regiment, Sir John Maclean states that he 
finds it is described as " Invalid", and there is no suc- 
cession of colonels, the only one named being Edmund 
Fielding, who seems to have assumed the command in 
1718-9. He adds: " Of the regments ' broke in 1712, 
1713, 1714, 1717, and 1718', I find the 41st Regiment, 



"COLONEL EDWARD JONES'S REGIMENT." 361 

Robert Dalzell, 1709. Colonel Edward Jones was trans- 
ferred to the 38th Regiment in 1729, and died in April 
1833 or 1835, and was succeeded in the command in 
the following month by the Hon . Robert Murray. My im- 
pression is that the old 41st was disbanded in 1718, and 
that Edward Jones was transferred to the 38th, the com- 
mand of which regiment devolved upon him in 1728." 

Since the foregoing was written, in reply to inquiries 
we have made from the War Office, we have been 
favoured by the Deputy Adjutant-General with the fol- 
lowing information : 

"1. That the 41sfc Regiment, which was raised in 1719 ; has 
not been disbanded since that time. 

" 2. That Col. Edward Jones was appointed Colonel of the 
38th Regiment from 25th December J 728, from a Reduced 
Colonel on the British Establishment of half-pay. 

" 3. That the 41st Regiment does not represent the regi- 
ment called ' Col. Edward Jones's Regiment'. 

" 4. That the 38th does not represent in succession the 41st 
Regiment. 

"5. That the muster-rolls of the 38th and 41st Regiments, 
at the Public Record Office, commence in 1760 ; and 

" 6. That the Historical Records of these two regiments 
have not been published." 

We fear that, inasmuch as Col. Edward Jones was a 
reduced colonel on half-pay when in 1728 he was 
appointed colonel of the 38th Regiment, it must be 
concluded that his own regiment was disbanded pre- 
vious to that period. 

The above is the result of inquiries so far made, and 
this sketch is given with the view of eliciting further 
information. S. H. 

M. C. J. 



*%* We have received a further communication from 
the Assistant Adjutant-General " that a regiment, of 
which Edward Jones was Colonel, is included in a list 
of Regiments broke in 1712-13-14". We infer that the 
term "broke" means disbanded. How interesting it 
would be if we could recover the muster-roll of this 

VOL. XIX. B B 



362 " COLONEL EDWARD JONES'S REGIMENT." 

regiment, which, from the fact of Colonel Edward 
Jones being sprung from a well-known and influential 
family in Montgomeryshire, we have come to the con- 
clusion must have been raised in Montgomeryshire. 
It is said that in the Record Office or some other of 
the public depositories, there are to be found records 
and other papers relating to some of the disbanded 
regiments ; and we hope some member of the Powys- 
land Club will, when opportunity offers, make re- 
searches therein, which will hardly fail to result in the 
discovery of some interesting information on this sub- 
ject. 



3G3 



KOMAN INSCRIPTION AT POWIS CASTLE. 



DIIS . MANIBVS 

M . CAECILIO SP . F . SVC . 

RVFO SOLIARIO AB . LVCO 

SEMELES . EX TESTAMENTO 

EIVS . CALVISIA ZOSIME . ET 

M . CAECILIVS CALLIPPVS 

HEREDES 
FECERVNT . 

i.e., Diis Manibus M(arco) Caecilio, Sp(urii) F(ilio) 
Suc(cusana[tribu^) Rufo Soliario ab LUGO Semeles ex 
testamento ejus Calmsia Zosime et M(arcus) Caecilius 
Callippus Heredes Fecerunt. 

This inscription, about which, locally, doubts have 
been expressed as to the place of its origin, some per- 
sons saying it was found at Home, others at Pompeii, 
was found at the former city. It was first noticed by 
Gruter, in his work, published in 1707; half a century 
before Pompeii was revealed to the world. He treats 
of it at page DCXLIII, No. 8, and says that at first it 
was preserved in the city, in the house of Simon Len- 
tulus (in domo Simonis Lentuli], but that afterwards 
it was in the gardens of the Caelian Hill (Nunc in 
hortis Caelimont). With the exception of the words 
(in the third and fourth lines) (t Soliario ab Luco Seme- 
les", there is nothing difficult in the inscription. These 
words were, however, from their position, liable to 
various interpretations, and formed a crux. Gruter 
gave the clue to the word " Semeles", by pointing 
out that the grove so named was in the "eleventh 
region" of the city (in regione urbis xi). " Soliarius", 



364 ROMAN INSCRIPTION AT POWIS CASTLE. 

which might from its position indicate the nationality 
of the defunct (especially as the tribus is named), was 
first pointed out to mean a maker of Solia (or seats) 
by Facciolati, in his Lexicon (1828 and 1839), where 
he refers to this inscription. It is hardly necessary to 
say that, in the grove of a deity, seats would be more 
or less required. I would therefore translate the 
whole " To the gods, the Shades. To Marcus Caeci- 
lius Rufus, the son of Spurius, of the tribe Succussana, 
a seat-maker from (or out of) the grove Semeles. In 
accordance with his will, Calvisia Zosime and Marcus 
Caecilius Callippus (his) heirs, have made (this)". 

W. THOMPSON WATKIN. 

242, WEST DERBY ROAD, LIVERPOOL ; 
September Uth, 1886. 



" ROMAN CHESHIRE/' We have much pleasure in calling 
attention to Mr. W. Thompson Watkin's work on this subject, 
which has just been issued, price 1 os. It is in demy quarto, 
illustrated with large plans and maps, and more than a hundred 
and sixty woodcuts. Intending subscribers should communi- 
cate with the author, 242, West Derby Road, Liverpool. This 
book will be welcome to all students of Romano-British anti- 
quities, and will form a model for other like works on neigh- 
bouring districts. We would fain see a similar volume pro- 
duced for Powys-land, or for the six counties of North Wales, 
which, perhaps, would be a better division. The Powys-land 
Club would gladly co-operate in such an enterprise. 






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